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Echocardiography monitoring

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223845/seeing-is-believing-a-call-for-routine-early-postoperative-hemodynamic-transesophageal-echocardiography-monitoring-after-left-ventricular-assist-device-implantation
#1
EDITORIAL
Juan N Pulido
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 22, 2017: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29222120/targeting-cardiovascular-implant-infection-multimodality-and-molecular-imaging
#2
Jan M Sohns, Udo Bavendiek, Tobias L Ross, Frank M Bengel
Owing to their success in clinical practice, the prevalence of cardiovascular implants is continuously increasing. Implant infection is a relevant complication but remains a diagnostic challenge because echocardiography as a first-line test may be limited. Accordingly, a multimodality approach is increasingly used for diagnostic workup and supported by recent guidelines. As reviewed here, computed tomography and nuclear imaging provide incremental diagnostic value and may be combined in a single hybrid imaging session using positron emission tomography/computed tomography or single photon emission computed tomography/computed tomography...
December 2017: Circulation. Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29205940/relation-of-serum-adma-apelin-13-and-lox-1-levels-with-inflammatory-and-echocardiographic-parameters-in-hemodialysis-patients
#3
Ibrahim Dogan, Tolga Dogan, Mucahit Yetim, Huseyin Kayadibi, Mehmet B Yilmaz, Baris Eser, Macit Kalcik, Yusuf Karavelioglu
Cardiovascular diseases are the leading causes of mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease. Nitric oxide has a critical role in both endothelial dysfunction and the atherosclerosis process. We aimed to investigate the relationships between serum asymmetric dimethyl arginine (ADMA), LOX-1, and Apelin-13 levels, which are known to act over nitric oxide with endothelial dysfunction and cardiac morphology as well as with each other in hemodialysis patients. The study comprised a total of 120 patients (53 females and 67 males) receiving hemodialysis three times a week for at least 6 months and an age-gender matched control group (55 females and 58 males)...
December 4, 2017: Therapeutic Apheresis and Dialysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29204888/initial-robotic-assistance-in-the-surgical-management-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-with-level-4-cavoatrial-thrombus
#4
Isaac Palma-Zamora, Deepansh Dalela, Ravi Barod, Linda Hsu, Mani Menon, Craig G Rogers
We report a case of left-sided renal cell carcinoma (RCC) with level 4 cavoatrial tumor thrombus where robotic assistance was used to achieve hemostasis around the kidney in order to minimize coagulopathic hemorrhage from the nephrectomy bed during subsequent open completion nephrectomy and cavoatrial thrombectomy under extracorporeal circulation and hypothermic circulatory arrest. Robotic assistance allowed for meticulous dissection and ligation of parasitic and arterial vessels to the kidney, release of renal attachments, and exposure of the inferior vena cava...
December 4, 2017: Journal of Robotic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203574/blunt-chest-trauma-a-clinical-chameleon
#5
REVIEW
Kaveh Eghbalzadeh, Anton Sabashnikov, Mohamed Zeriouh, Yeong-Hoon Choi, Alexander C Bunck, Navid Mader, Thorsten Wahlers
The incidence of blunt chest trauma (BCT) is greater than 15% of all trauma admissions to the emergency departments worldwide and is the second leading cause of death after head injury in motor vehicle accidents. The mortality due to BCT is inhomogeneously described ranging from 9% to 60%. BCT is commonly caused by a sudden high-speed deceleration trauma to the anterior chest, leading to a compression of the thorax. All thoracic structures might be injured as a result of the trauma. Complex cardiac arrhythmia, heart murmurs, hypotension, angina-like chest pain, respiratory insufficiency or distention of the jugular veins may indicate potential cardiac injury...
December 4, 2017: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202703/the-ability-of-left-ventricular-end-diastolic-volume-variations-measured-by-tee-to-monitor-fluid-responsiveness-in-high-risk-surgical-patients-during-craniotomy-a-prospective-cohort-study
#6
Haidan Lan, Xiaoshuang Zhou, Jing Xue, Bin Liu, Guo Chen
BACKGROUND: This study was aimed to evaluate the ability of left ventricular end-diastolic volume variations (LVEDVV) measured by transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) compared with stroke volume variation (SVV) obtained by the FloTrac/Vigileo monitor to predict fluid responsiveness, in patients undergoing craniotomy with goal direct therapy. METHODS: We used SVV obtained by the FloTrac/Vigileo monitor to manage intraoperative hypotension in adult patients undergoing craniotomy (ASA III - IV) after obtaining IRB approval and informed consent...
December 4, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29202647/swallow-presyncope-in-an-athletic-patient-caused-by-third-degree-atrioventricular-block
#7
Axel Van Damme, Tine De Backer, Philippe Vanderheeren
Introduction Swallow syncope is a neurally mediated syncope. Multiple causes have been described in literature. A rare cause is arrhythmias. Only a limited amount of cases present the association of swallow syncope and third degree AV-block. Case presentation A 39-year-old man presented with episodes of presyncope while eating. Further medical history, physical examination, resting 12-lead ECG, cyclo-ergometry, transthoracic echocardiography and MRI of the heart were normal. 24 h Holter monitoring demonstrated high-grade third-degree atrioventricular (AV) block...
December 5, 2017: Acta Clinica Belgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200072/tailored-holder-for-continuous-echocardiographic-monitoring
#8
Haibo Song, Shen Kou Tsai, Jin Liu
Hemodynamic monitoring is essential for prompt and effective interventions in intensive care unit patients. We developed a custom-made transthoracic echocardiography transducer holder consisting of transducer holder and skin patch attachment. This holder allowed continuous transthoracic echocardiography monitoring in 5 adult patients with circulatory failure due to shock, and 6 pediatric patients after successful percutaneous closure of a ventricular septal defect. One case of an unexpected hemopericardium was promptly diagnosed and pericardiocentesis was performed, and 1 patient required extracorporeal membrane oxygenation support...
November 30, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200022/relationship-between-ventricular-arrhythmias-conduction-disorders-and-myocardial-fibrosis-in-patients-with-systemic-sclerosis
#9
Lucian Muresan, Irinel Oancea, Razvan Ovidiu Mada, Ana Petcu, Cristina Pamfil, Crina Muresan, Mirela Rinzis, Dana Pop, Dumitru Zdrenghea, Simona Rednic
BACKGROUND: Delayed-enhancement magnetic resonance imaging (DE-MRI) is a noninvasive diagnostic tool able to identify myocardial fibrosis. In patients with scleroderma, its relationship with arrhythmias and conduction disorders has not been fully explored. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the possible correlations between ventricular arrhythmias, conduction disorders, and myocardial fibrosis in patients with systemic sclerosis. METHODS: Thirty-six patients with diffuse or limited cutaneous scleroderma underwent 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG), 24-hour Holter ECG monitoring, transthoracic echocardiography, and cardiac DE-MRI, with gadolinium administration in 33 patients...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Clinical Rheumatology: Practical Reports on Rheumatic & Musculoskeletal Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29198416/sleep-disordered-breathing-and-epicardial-adipose-tissue-in-patients-with-heart-failure
#10
V Parisi, S Paolillo, G Rengo, R Formisano, L Petraglia, F Grieco, C D'Amore, S Dellegrottaglie, C Marciano, N Ferrara, D Leosco, P P Filardi
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) is common in patients with heart failure (HF), contributes to the progression of cardiac disease, and is associated with adverse prognosis. Previous evidence indicates that epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) is independently associated with sleep apnea in obese individuals. We explored the relationship between SDB and EAT in HF patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: EAT thickness was assessed by echocardiography in 66 patients with systolic HF undergoing nocturnal cardiorespiratory monitoring...
October 13, 2017: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases: NMCD
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29192422/executive-summary-on-the-use-of-ultrasound-in-the-critically-ill-consensus-report-from-the-3rd-course-on-acute-care-ultrasound-cacu
#11
Manu L N G Malbrain, Brecht De Tavernier, Sandrine Haverals, Michel Slama, Antoine Vieillard-Baron, Adrian Wong, Jan Poelaert, Xavier Monnet, Willem Stockman, Paul Elbers, Daniel Lichtenstein
Over the past decades, ultrasound (US) has gained its place in the armamentarium of monitoring tools in the intensive care unit (ICU). Critical care ultrasonography (CCUS) is the combination of general CCUS (lung and pleural, abdominal, vascular) and CC echocardiography, allowing prompt assessment and diagnosis in combination with vascular access and therapeutic intervention. This review summarises the findings, challenges lessons from the 3rd Course on Acute Care Ultrasound (CACU) held in November 2015, Antwerp, Belgium...
December 1, 2017: Anaesthesiology Intensive Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29190874/-subaortic-membrane-in-adults-a-brief-review-of-literature-apropos-of-one-case
#12
Katherine Ruiz, Jorge Curotto-Grasiosi, Rogelio A Machado, Adriana Angel, Diego Alasia, Bruno Peressotti
A 54-year-old man, ex smoker with high blood pressure and a history of possible Wolff-Parkinson-White syndrome was admitted for presenting an episode suggestive of acute coronary syndrome with immediate syncope and left bundle branch block, while performing physical activity. Angioplasty and a drug-eluting stent were performed in the left circumflex artery. Subsequently, Doppler echocardiography disclosed an image suggestive of a subaortic membrane. Given these findings, the patient underwent a 3D transesophageal echocardiogram and a magnetic resonance study, which confirmed the diagnosis of a subaortic membrane...
November 2017: Revista Médica del Instituto Mexicano del Seguro Social
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29174659/impact-of-a-monoplane-hemodynamic-tee-htee-monitoring-device-on-decision-making-in-a-heterogeneous-hemodynamically-unstable-intensive-care-unit-population-a-prospective-observational-study
#13
Maung Hlaing, Jianghua He, Nicholas Haglund, Hiroo Takayama, Brigid C Flynn
OBJECTIVE: This prospective observational study was undertaken to evaluate the utility of a miniature transesophageal echocardiography probe (ImaCor hemodynamic [hTEE]) in the management of hemodynamically unstable intensive care unit patients with and without various forms of mechanical circulatory support. DESIGN: A prospective observational study. SETTING: A single tertiary care cardiothoracic and surgical intensive care unit. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-three cardiothoracic and surgical intensive care unit patients undergoing miniature transesophageal echocardiography examinations...
October 18, 2017: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29172784/good-agreement-between-echocardiography-and-impedance-cardiography-in-the-assessment-of-left-ventricular-performance-in-hypertensive-patients
#14
Rodrigo Nazário Leão, Pedro Marques Da Silva, Rita Marques Pocinho, Marta Alves, Daniel Virella, Roberto Palma Reis
BACKGROUND: Impedance cardiography (ICG) is a noninvasive hemodynamic monitoring tool which can define hypertensive patients' hemodynamic profiles and help to tailor antihypertensive therapy. This study assesses the concordance between ICG-derived indexes used to evaluate left ventricular performance and transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) in hypertensive patients. METHODS: In this IMPEDDANS post-hoc analysis, the ICG-derived indexes are compared with TTE by Bland-Altman method...
November 27, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Hypertension: CHE
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169752/vigorous-exercise-in-patients-with-hypertrophic-cardiomyopathy
#15
Lars A Dejgaard, Trine F Haland, Oyvind H Lie, Margareth Ribe, Thea Bjune, Ida Skrinde Leren, Knut Erik Berge, Thor Edvardsen, Kristina H Haugaa
BACKGROUND: We aimed to investigate if history of vigorous exercise was associated with changes in left ventricular morphology, left ventricular function and ventricular arrhythmias (VAs) in hypertrophic cardiomyopathy genotype positive, phenotype negative (Genotype+ LVH-) and in phenotype positive (HCM LVH+). METHODS: In this cross sectional study we included 187 subjects (age 49±16years, 89(48%) female, 121(65%) HCM LVH+ and 66 (35%) Genotype+ LVH-) who answered a questionnaire on physical activity history...
January 1, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29169656/cardiovascular-responses-to-intranasal-neuropeptide-y-in-single-prolonged-stress-rodent-model-of-post-traumatic-stress-disorder
#16
Robert Camp, Charles T Stier, Lidia I Serova, Jaclyn McCloskey, John G Edwards, Miguel Reyes-Zaragoza, Esther L Sabban
Delivery of neuropeptide Y (NPY) to the brain by intranasal administration shows promise as non-invasive means for preventing or treating PTSD symptoms. Here, radiotelemetry and echocardiography were used to determine effects of intranasal NPY on cardiovascular functions in absence and presence of stress. Male adult Sprague Dawley rats were implanted with radiotelemetric probes, and subjected to single prolonged stress (SPS), followed by intranasal vehicle (V) or NPY (150μg) under conditions shown to prevent development of many of the behavioral neuroendocrine and biochemical impairments...
November 8, 2017: Neuropeptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29168362/the-evaluation-of-right-and-left-ventricular-functions-in-children-with-episodic-wheezing-exposed-to-environmental-tobacco-smoke
#17
Önder Doksöz, Hikmet Tekin Nacaroğlu, Gökhan Ceylan, Mehmet Çeleğen, Şenay Aşık-Nacaroğlu, Demet Can, Timur Meşe, Nurettin Ünal
Doksöz Ö, Nacaroğlu HT, Ceylan G, Çeleğen M, Aşık-Nacaroğlu Ş, Can D, Meşe T, Ünal N. The evaluation of right and left ventricular functions in children with episodic wheezing exposed to environmental tobacco smoke. Turk J Pediatr 2017; 59: 42-48. The objective of this study is to examine the right and left ventricular functions in children with episodic wheezing at the ages of 1-3 exposed to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS). Thirty-two children monitored at the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology Department of a Research and Training Hospital with the diagnosis of episodic wheezing were included...
2017: Turkish Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166877/a-prospective-study-examining-the-role-of-myocardial-fibrosis-in-outcome-following-mitral-valve-repair-in-degenerative-mitral-regurgitation-rationale-and-design-of-the-mitral-finder-study
#18
Boyang Liu, Nicola C Edwards, Desley A H Neal, Christopher Weston, Gerard Nash, Nicolas Nikolaidis, Thomas Barker, Ramesh Patel, Moninder Bhabra, Richard P Steeds
BACKGROUND: The optimal management of chronic severe primary degenerative mitral regurgitation (MR) is to repair the valve but identification of the optimal timing of surgery remains challenging. Current guidelines suggest 'watchful waiting' until the onset of symptoms or left ventricular (LV) dysfunction but these have been challenged as promoting 'rescue surgery'. Better predictors are required to inform decision-making in relation to the necessity and timing of surgery. Chronic volume overload is a stimulus for adverse adaptive LV remodelling...
November 22, 2017: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164683/is-hypertension-the-fate-of-aortic-coarctation-patients-treated-with-cheatham-platinum-cp-stent
#19
Ali Baykan, Ayse G Demiraldi, Onur Tasci, Ozge Pamukcu, Suleyman Sunkak, Kazım Uzum, Sadettin Sezer, Nazmi Narin
AIM: The aim of this study is to address the presence of hypertension and risk for cardiovascular diseases in patients with Coarctation of the Aorta (CoA) who were treated with endovascular stent placement. METHODS: Twenty patients (mean age: 14.2 ± 3.9 years) who were treated with stent and 20 age- and sex-matched controls were included to the study. Structure and functions of left ventricle were assessed by echocardiography. Carotid intima media (CIM) thickness was measured by using sonography as a marker for detecting cardiovascular risk...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Interventional Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161235/influence-of-ductus-arteriosus-on-peripheral-muscle-oxygenation-and-perfusion-in-neonates
#20
Lukas Peter Mileder, Tessa Mueller, Nariae Baik-Schneditz, Jasmin Pansy, Bernhard Schwaberger, Corinna Binder-Heschl, Berndt Urlesberger, Gerhard Pichler
In neonates, a patent ductus arteriosus (DA) may be associated with severe complications. We used near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) with venous occlusion to investigate the influence of an open DA on peripheral muscle oxygenation/perfusion in preterm neonates. Approach: We analyzed secondary outcome parameters collected as part of prospective observational studies. NIRS measurements were performed between the first and third day of life. Arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2) and heart rate (HR) were monitored by pulse oximetry on the ipsilateral foot...
November 21, 2017: Physiological Measurement
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