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Perioperative Echocardiography

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786408/impact-of-additional-tricuspid-valve-annuloplasty-in-tof-patients-undergoing-pulmonary-valve-replacement
#1
Sabrina Lueck, Eike Bormann, Kathrin Rellensmann, Sven Martens, Andreas Rukosujew
BACKGROUND: Many patients with tetralogy of Fallot (TOF) who underwent surgical correction of their congenital cardiac malformation during infancy develop right ventricular dysfunction and exercise intolerance in the long term. The right ventricle (RV) dilates due to the development of severe pulmonary regurgitation (and secondary tricuspid insufficiency). To reduce RV dilation and improve exercise tolerance pulmonary valve replacement (PVR) is the common therapeutic strategy. Whether concomitant tricuspid valve repair (TVR) is beneficial in these pure volume-overload conditions is still unknown...
May 22, 2018: Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29781184/pre-operative-dobutamine-stress-echocardiography-in-patients-undergoing-orthotopic-liver-transplantation
#2
Krishna K Patel, Laura Young, William Carey, Kathryn A Kohn, Richard A Grimm, L Leonardo Rodriguez, Brian P Griffin, Milind Y Desai
BACKGROUND: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is associated with increased mortality in patients that undergo orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT). Due to chronic vasodilatory state and poor exercise tolerance in patients with end stage liver disease, dobutamine stress echocardiography (DSE) is preferred for preoperative evaluation of CAD prior to OLT. We sought to a) study the incidence of positive DSE results and b) test whether there is an association between DSE results and perioperative and longer-term events...
May 20, 2018: Clinical Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764968/how-to-prevent-and-manage-radiation-induced-coronary-artery-disease
#3
REVIEW
Jason R Cuomo, Sean P Javaheri, Gyanendra K Sharma, Deepak Kapoor, Adam E Berman, Neal L Weintraub
Radiation-induced coronary heart disease (RICHD) is the second most common cause of morbidity and mortality in patients treated with radiotherapy for breast cancer, Hodgkin's lymphoma and other prevalent mediastinal malignancies. The risk of RICHD increases with radiation dose. Exposed patients may present decades after treatment with manifestations ranging from asymptomatic myocardial perfusion defects to ostial, triple-vessel disease and sudden cardiac death. RICHD is insidious, with a long latency and a tendency to remain silent late into the disease course...
May 15, 2018: Heart: Official Journal of the British Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735221/a-review-of-the-2017-american-society-of-echocardiography-guidelines-for-evaluation-of-aortic-stenosis-considerations-for-perioperative-echocardiography
#4
REVIEW
Rohesh J Fernando, Chandrika Garner, Thomas F Slaughter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29724541/the-year-in-perioperative-echocardiography-selected-highlights-from-2017
#5
Brett Cronin, Swapnil Khoche, Timothy M Maus
This article is the second of an annual series reviewing the research highlights of the year pertaining to the subspecialty of perioperative echocardiography for the Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia. The authors thank the editor-in-chief, Dr. Kaplan, and the editorial board for the opportunity to start this series. In most cases, these will be research articles that are targeted at the perioperative echocardiography diagnosis and treatment of patients after cardiothoracic surgery; however, in some cases, these articles will target the use of perioperative echocardiography in general...
April 3, 2018: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29722491/-routine-preoperative-testing-in-adults-undergoing-elective-non-cardiothoracic-surgery
#6
REVIEW
N Benahmed, G Briat, K Rondia, J Vlayen
INTRODUCTION: The Belgian Health Care Knowledge Center (KCE) developed a guideline about routine preoperative testing in adults undergoing elective non-cardiothoracic surgery. The guideline is intended for all care providers involved in the preoperative and perioperative management (incl. anesthesiologists, surgeons, cardiologists, lung specialists, radiologists, clinical biologists, general practitioners, etc). METHOD: A recent English guideline published by NICE (National Institute for Health and Care Excellence) was used as a starting point and adapted to the Belgian context...
2018: Revue Médicale de Bruxelles
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716732/different-nuss-procedures-and-risk-management-for-pectus-excavatum-after-surgery-for-congenital-heart-disease
#7
Chenghao Chen, Xiaofeng Li, Na Zhang, Jie Yu, Dong Yan, Changqi Xu, Qi Zeng, Zhongzhi Li
PURPOSE: In Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum (PE) after surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD), retrosternal adhesion may increase the risk of cardiac injury. This study aimed to explore different Nuss procedures and their implications for reducing the incidence of serious complications and improving surgical safety. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed 49 cases (29 male and 20 female) of Nuss procedures for PE after surgery for CHD that were performed between April 2003 and December 2016...
April 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702994/a-case-report-regarding-general-anesthesia-management-of-a-patient-with-pulmonary-vein-stenosis-that-underwent-balloon-dilatation-and-stent-implantation
#8
Fangzhou Li, Guoyan Qiao, Peng Liang, Jin Liu
RATIONALE: Pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is a rare cardiovascular deformity that can lead to high mortality if left untreated. Patients frequently experience multiple complications such as hemoptysis, pulmonary hypertension, bronchial venous rupture and cardiac insufficiency. Currently, pulmonary vein stenosis balloon dilatation (stent implantation) is the only treatment, and this can be performed under local or general anesthesia. However, a case report on the general anesthesia management of PVS has not been previously reported...
April 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29694994/predicting-the-future-delivery-room-planning-of-congenital-heart-disease-diagnosed-by-fetal-echocardiography
#9
Mary T Donofrio
Advances in prenatal imaging have improved the examination of the fetal cardiovascular system. Fetal echocardiography facilitates the prenatal diagnosis of congenital heart disease (CHD) and through sequential examination, allows assessment of fetal cardiac hemodynamics, predicting the evolution of anatomical and functional cardiovascular abnormalities in utero and during the transition to a postnatal circulation at delivery. This approach allows detailed diagnosis with prenatal counseling and enables planning to define perinatal management, selecting the fetuses at a risk of postnatal hemodynamic instability who are likely to require a specialized delivery plan...
May 2018: American Journal of Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693945/anestheic-management-of-a-patient-with-intravenous-leiomyomatosis-extending-into-the-right-atrium
#10
Moe Kodama, Maiko Honma, Keisuke Shibukawa, Yasuhiro Kamada, Shoji Yanagiya, Michiaki Yamakage
Intravenous leiomyomatosis (IVL) is a condition in which leiomyoma originating from uterine myoma or intrauterine venous walls develops intravenously. A single-stage operation was planned by the departments of gynecology and cardiovascular surgery for a patient in which the IVL was extended across the tricuspid valve. It was possible to safely perform perioperative care with continued evaluation of the tumor position and intravascular volume through the use of transesophageal echocardiography (TEE). TEE can be useful in the intraoperative care of patients with intracardiac tumor extension as in this case...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29693944/unexpected-systolic-anterior-motion-of-the-mitral-valve-diagnosed-by-transthoracic-echocardiography-after-the-induction-of-general-anesthesia
#11
Toshiyuki Nakanishi, Manabu Yoshimura, Seishi Sakamoto, Takashi Toriumi
We report an 87-year-old woman who presented with unexpected systolic anterior motion (SAM) of the mitral valve after the induction of general anesthesia. She was receiving medication for hypertension and cerebral infarction. There were no abnormal findings on her preoperative transthoracic echocardiography (TTE) examination. After the induction of general anesthesia, she presented with refractory hypotension. We performed TTE and diagnosed SAM of the mitral valve. Her hemodynamic state was improved by fluid infusion and administering intravenous phenylephrine...
May 2017: Masui. the Japanese Journal of Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29686907/diagnosis-and-thrombolytic-management-of-massive-intraoperative-pulmonary-embolism-guided-by-point-of-care-transthoracic-echocardiography
#12
Roman Dudaryk, Julio Benitez Lopez, Jack Louro
Perioperative pulmonary embolism can go undetected until the sudden onset of cardiopulmonary collapse. Point of care echocardiography in such setting can narrow the differential diagnosis of precipitous instability and facilitate tailored, rather than empiric, therapy in the event of a massive pulmonary embolism. We describe the diagnosis and successful multidisciplinary management of intraoperative massive pulmonary embolism aided by both transthoracic and transesophageal echocardiography. Key aspects regarding the classification and treatment of pulmonary embolism are subsequently reviewed...
2018: Case Reports in Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678618/concomitant-surgical-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-is-safe-and-efficacious-in-patients-undergoing-double-valve-replacement-a-cohort-study
#13
Guang Tong, Hao Yu, Xuan Zhou, Ben Zhang, Shenghui Bi, Lin Luo, Tao Yan, Xianyue Wang, Hua Lu, Tao Ma, Xiaowu Wang, Zhongchan Sun, Weida Zhang
BACKGROUND: Current European Society of Cardiology Guidelines recommend concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation for all symptomatic patients undergoing other cardiac surgeries, but the safety and potential benefits of concomitant atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation at the time of double valve replacement (DVR: aortic and mitral valve replacement) remains unexamined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of 238 patients with AF who underwent DVR with or without concomitant surgical ablation (Ablation group, n=113; Non-ablation group, n=125) at a single institute from April 2006 to September 2011...
April 17, 2018: International Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29642696/periprocedural-and-perioperatory-management-of-patients-with-tricuspid-valve-disease
#14
Fabrizio Monaco, Ambra L DI Prima, Monica DE Luca, Gaia Barucco, Alberto Zangrillo
Tricuspid regurgitation (TR) is a common valvular lesion which may affect morbidity and mortality. It can be related to an intrinsic abnormality of the tricuspid valve leaflets (organic) or secondary to annular dilatation (functional). Often organic and functional TR coexist in the same patient. A long standing TR is associated with ascites, congestive hepatopathy, peripheral edema, renal failure, and abdominal fullness which significantly affect the outcome. In particular, the perioperative course may be complicated due to both the presence of comorbidities and the development of a severe postoperative right ventricle (RV) dysfunction...
April 11, 2018: Minerva Cardioangiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29625652/the-sound-and-science-of-perioperative-echocardiography
#15
EDITORIAL
Alina Nicoara, G Burkhard Mackensen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Journal of the American Society of Echocardiography
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29623382/-the-heart-catheter-table-is-not-the-operating-table-intraindividual-comparison-of-pulmonary-artery-pressures
#16
M U Ziegler, H Reinelt
BACKGROUND: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery need extensive and invasive monitoring, which needs to be individually adapted for each patient and requires a diligent risk-benefit analysis. The use of a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) seems to be justifiable in certain cases; therefore, the preoperative diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension represents an indication for perioperative monitoring with PAC in the S3 guidelines of the German Society for Anesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine (DGAI)...
April 5, 2018: Der Anaesthesist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29621027/cardiac-output-monitoring-how-to-choose-the-optimal-method-for-the-individual-patient
#17
Bernd Saugel, Jean-Louis Vincent
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To review the different methods available for the assessment of cardiac output (CO) and describe their specific indications in intensive care and perioperative medicine. RECENT FINDINGS: In critically ill patients, persistent circulatory shock after initial resuscitation is an indication for the assessment of CO to monitor the response to fluids and vasoactive agents. In patients with circulatory shock associated with right ventricular dysfunction, pulmonary artery hypertension, or acute respiratory distress syndrome, invasive CO monitoring using indicator dilution methods is indicated...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29617495/early-clinical-results-of-perceval-sutureless-aortic-valve-in-139-patients-freeman-experience
#18
Syed Saleem Mujtaba, Simon Ledingham, Asif Raza Shah, Stephen Clark, Thasee Pillay, Stephan Schueler
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this retrospective study is to evaluate the safety and performance of the Perceval sutureless valve in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement. We report the 30-day clinical outcomes of 139 patients. METHODS: From January 2014 to December 2016, 139 patients underwent sutureless aortic valve replacement. Their operation notes, National Adult Cardiac Surgery Database and perioperative transoesophageal echocardiography findings were studied retrospectively...
January 2018: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29608499/diagnosis-treatment-and-management-of-orthotopic-liver-transplant-candidates-with-portopulmonary-hypertension
#19
Anna Koulava, Abdallah Sannani, Avi Levine, Chhaya Aggarwal Gupta, Sarina Khanal, William Frishman, Roxana Bodin, David C Wolf, William Aronow, Gregg M Lanier
Portopulmonary hypertension (POPH) is seen in 5-8% of orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) candidates and has significant implications for clinical outcomes. POPH is characterized by vasoconstriction and remodeling of the pulmonary vasculature. It is exacerbated by the hyperdynamic circulation that is common in advanced liver disease. Screening all OLT candidates with transthoracic echocardiography to assess pulmonary pressures and right ventricular function is crucial, as clinical symptoms alone are not reliable...
March 30, 2018: Cardiology in Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29602588/-transesophageal-echocardiography-in-perioperative-period-guiding-the-decision-making-during-hemodynamic-instability-due-to-atrial-fibrillation
#20
João Paulo Jordão Pontes, Aline Tonin Dos Santos, Marcello Fonseca Salgado Filho
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Atrial fibrillation is the most common cardiac arrhythmia, which may occur during the perioperative period and lead to hemodynamic instability due to loss of atrial systolic function. During atrial fibrillation management, electrical cardioversion is one of the therapeutic options in the presence of hemodynamic instability; however, it exposes the patient to thromboembolic event risks. Transesophageal echocardiography is a diagnostic tool for thrombi in the left atrium and left atrial appendage with high sensitivity and specificity, allowing early and safe cardioversion...
March 27, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
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