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urology and Transplantation

M Szabo-Pap, G Zadori, R Fedor, L Illesy, F Toth, Z Kanyari, D A Kovacs, B Nemes
Surgical complications (SCs) are still high potential causes of graft loss. The incidence has a huge amount of variations depending on many factors. Our aim was to study the postoperative technical complications following kidney transplantations (KTs) during a 5-year period between 2011 and 2015. In the observed time frame there were 47 SCs occurring in 32 (19.4%) patients of 165 KTs. Every complication was classified into 3 groups: vascular (11; 6.6%), urologic (16; 9.7%), and any others (20; 12.1%). The most common postoperative SCs in our center were hemorrhage (14; 8...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
J C Araújo, R W D S Barbosa, M F Machado, P S Furtado, C M D Pugas, J S D A Filho, C F Lopes, R J C Mattoso, C L Neves
BACKGROUND: Renal transplantation is the treatment of choice for patients with stage V chronic kidney disease, which does not have contraindications to the procedure and is more cost-effective than dialysis treatments and provides better survival and quality of life. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of postoperative complications in kidney transplant recipients in a reference hospital. METHODOLOGY: This was a descriptive and retrospective study involving the analysis of patient records during hospitalization and outpatient treatment...
September 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Wojciech Krajewski, Janusz Dembowski, Anna Kołodziej, Bartosz Małkiewicz, Krzysztof Tupikowski, Michał Matuszewski, Paweł Chudoba, Maria Boratyńska, Marian Klinger, Romuald Zdrojowy
INTRODUCTION: Urological complications after renal transplantation occur in between 2.5% and 30% of all graft recipients. The aim of the study was to present 7 years of experience in urological treatment of patients with a transplanted kidney. We aimed to identify retrospectively late urological complications in renal transplant recipients at a single center and analyze the treatment modalities and their outcome. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Between January 2008 and December 2014, a total of 58 patients after KTX were treated in the Department of Urology because of post-transplant urological complications that occurred during follow-up at the Transplant Outpatient Department...
2016: Central European Journal of Urology
V Gómez-Dos Santos, V Díez-Nicolás, L Martínez-Arcos, J J Fabuel-Alcañiz, I Laso-García, S Álvarez-Rodríguez, F de Asís Donis-Canet, V Hevia-Palacios, M Ruiz-Hernández, F J Burgos-Revilla
: Mayor urological complications, fistulae and stenosis, mainly affect the vesicoureteral anastomosis and present in the early post-transplant period. The systematic use of ureteral catheters keeps selecbeing controversial with many groups using them only selectively depending on the existence of pretransplant or intraoperative risk factors. METHODS: We performed a bibliographic review through automatized search in the Medline bibliographic database, as the main bibliographic source, and also in Clinical Key...
October 2016: Archivos Españoles de Urología
M-O Timsit, F Kleinclauss, V Richard, R Thuret
OBJECTIVE: To report the nature, incidence, diagnosis and treatment options of surgical complications after renal transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant publications were identified through Medline ( and Embase ( database from 1960 to 2016 using the following keywords "fistula; lymphocele; stricture; thrombosis", in association with "renal transplantation" in Title/Abstract field. Articles were selected according to methods, language of publication and relevance...
October 5, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Aydin Pooli, Gates Cook, Sudhir Isharwal, Vikas Desai, Chad LaGrange
INTRODUCTION: Indwelling stents produce symptoms and urinalysis findings mimicking urinary tract infection (UTI). In this study, we investigated the correlation of urinalysis findings with urine culture in patients with indwelling ureteral stents. MATERIALS AND METHODS: All patients with ureteral stents who underwent stent removal in urology clinic from July 2013 to January 2015 and had urine culture available immediately prior to stent removal were included in this study...
October 2016: Canadian Journal of Urology
Mayuko Kawabe, Izumi Yamamoto, Yo Komatsuzaki, Takafumi Yamakawa, Haruki Katsumata, Ai Katsuma, Aki Mafune, Yasuyuki Nakada, Akimitsu Kobayashi, Yudo Tanno, Ichiro Ohkido, Nobuo Tsuboi, Keitaro Yokoyama, Shigeru Horita, Masayoshi Okumi, Hideki Ishida, Hiroyasu Yamamoto, Takashi Yokoo, Kazunari Tanabe
BACKGROUND: IgA vasculitis, a rare condition resulting in end-stage renal disease, is a small-vessel vasculitis that affects the kidney in 49-83 % of adults. The reported recurrence rate of IgA vasculitis in renal transplant recipients is 11.5-60 %, leading to graft loss in 0-50 % of these patients. However, limited data are available on recurrence and graft loss after renal transplantation. METHODS: We evaluated renal transplant recipients seen from 1987 to 2015 at the Jikei University School of Medicine and the Department of Urology, Tokyo Women's Medical University...
September 27, 2016: Clinical and Experimental Nephrology
X Tillou, M-O Timsit, F Sallusto, T Culty, G Verhoest, A Doerfler, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss
OBJECTIVES: To perform a state of the art about autosomal dominant polykystic kidney disease (ADPKD), management of its urological complications and end stage renal disease treatment modalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database ( and Embase ( using different associations of the following keywords (MESH): "autosomal dominant polykystic kidney disease", "complications", "native nephrectomy", "kidney transplantation"...
September 21, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
F Kleinclauss, R Thuret, T Murez, M O Timsit
OBJECTIVE: To review epidemiology and management of urologic neoplasms in renal transplant candidates and recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Relevant publications were identified through Medline ( and Embase ( database using the following keywords, alone or in association, "neoplasms"; "prostate cancer"; "renal carcinoma"; "renal transplantation"; "transitional carcinoma"; "waiting list". Articles were selected according to methods, language of publication and relevance...
September 21, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
J Branchereau, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss, M-O Timsit
OBJECTIVES: To report epidemiology and characteristics of urinary lithiasis and its management in kidney allograft at the time of organ procurement or after kidney transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS: An exhaustive systematic review of the scientific literature was performed in the Medline database ( and Embase ( using different associations of the following keywords (MESH): urinary lithiasis, stone, kidney transplantation...
September 16, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Y Neuzillet, R Thuret, F Kleinclauss, M-O Timsit
OBJECTIVE: To describe the state of the art of current knowledge regarding gonadal consequences of end-stage chronic kidney disease (CKD) and renal transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHOD: A systematic review of the literature search was performed from the databases Medline (NLM, Pubmed) and Embase, focused on the following keywords: "chronic kidney disease"; "chronic renal failure"; "hypogonadism"; "kidney transplantation"; "testicular dysfunction"; "testosterone"...
September 16, 2016: Progrès en Urologie
Clotilde Fuentes-Orozco, Salvador González-Mercado, Joel Mario Sandoval-Sandoval, Carlos Valdespino-Mejía, Eduardo González-González, Juan Narciso Ramírez-Robles, Benjamín Gómez-Navarro, Blanca Estela Dávalos-Delgadillo, Leticia Marquez-Leaño, Anais Ramírez-Arce, Elizabeth Andalón-Dueñas, Arturo Espinosa-Partida, Michel Dassaejv Macías-Amezcua, Alejandro González-Ojeda
BACKGROUND The incidence of surgical complications after kidney transplantation ranges from 10-25%. The purpose of this study was to evaluate if the application of fibrin glue as a preventive agent reduces surgical morbidity after a living-related-donor kidney transplantation. MATERIAL AND METHODS A controlled clinical trial involving 78 recipients randomly assigned to receive fibrin glue and 79 in the control group without the application of fibrin glue. Patients were followed for six months after surgery...
September 20, 2016: Annals of Transplantation: Quarterly of the Polish Transplantation Society
Liselotte S S Ooms, Laura G Spaans, Michiel G H Betjes, Jan N M Ijzermans, Türkan Terkivatan
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of 2 types of external ureteral stents on the number of urological complications after kidney transplant. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from 366 consecutive transplants performed between January 2013 and January 2015 in our hospital, in which an external ureteral stent was placed during surgery and removed after 9 days. Urological complications were defined as urinary leakage or ureteral stenosis requiring percutaneous nephrostomy placement...
August 24, 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Ravindra B Sabnis, Abhishek G Singh, Arvind P Ganpule, Jaspreet S Chhabra, Gopal R Tak, Jaimin H Shah
INTRODUCTION: In the past, urological complications after renal transplantation were associated with significant morbidity. With the development and application of endourological procedures, it is now possible to manage these cases with minimally invasive techniques. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A MEDLINE search for articles published in English using key words for the management of urological complications after renal transplantation was undertaken. Forty articles were selected and reviewed...
July 2016: Indian Journal of Urology: IJU: Journal of the Urological Society of India
Simona Luscalov, Luminita Loga, Lucia Dican, Lia Monica Junie
The first kidney transplantation was performed in 1951 and ever since then living donor transplantation became a more and more important solution for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). Renal transplantation is a life-saving procedure. Morbidity and mortality on waiting-lists are strongly correlated with the time of dialysis and end-stage renal disease is one of the most important causes of death; this is the reason why transplantation has to be performed as soon as possible in order to reduce the time of dialysis...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Nasser Simforoosh, Khaled Obeid, Babak Javanmard, Gholam Hossein Rezaeetalab, Shahram Razmjoo, Mohammad Hossein Soltani
OBJECTIVES: Inserting a double J stent during kidney transplant has reduced the rate of urologic complications. Traditionally, a double J stent is removed via endoscopic intervention. Here, we assessed the safety and efficacy of a nonoperative method for double J stent removal. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Our study group included 200 consecutive patients who underwent kidney transplant from January 2013 to April 2014. Group A consisted of 100 recipients who had a double J stent that was tied to a Foley catheter with 2-0 silk suture...
August 2016: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
Yarkin Kamil Yakupoglu, Fazil Tuncay Aki, Yakup Kordan, Ender Ozden, Senol Tonyali, Yakup Bostanci, Hakan Vuruskan, Cenk Yucel Bilen, Saban Sarikaya
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to present the experience of 3 institutions performing renal autotransplantation (RAT) and to discuss surgical techniques employed and the results in the light of the medical literature. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A total of 14 patients (11 male and 3 female) with a mean age of 47 ± 8 years (35-61 years), who underwent RAT procedure at 3 different institutions between October 2006 and November 2014, in Turkey, were evaluated retrospectively...
August 10, 2016: Urologia Internationalis
Samina Shabbir, Sana Jamil, Saleem Hafiz
OBJECTIVE: To determine the pattern of polymicrobial isolates in blood cultures and antimicrobial susceptibility in a tertiary care hospital of Karachi. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. PLACE AND DURATION OF STUDY: Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation (SIUT), Karachi, Pakistan, from September to November 2014. METHODOLOGY: Blood culture samples were received from patients, which were processed by BACTEC 9240 system (Becton Dickinson)...
July 2016: Journal of the College of Physicians and Surgeons—Pakistan: JCPSP
M Bieniasz, A Chmura, M Kwapisz, M Czerwińska, R Kieszek, P Domagała, M Wszoła, M Serwańska-Świętek, B Górnicka, M Durlik, L Pączek, A Kwiatkowski
BACKGROUND: Malignancies will be a leading cause of mortality in renal transplant recipients in the next 20 years. Renal cell cancer (RCC) is the most common urologic cancer in kidney transplant recipients. The risk of RCC development in kidney transplant recipients is 15-100 times higher than in the general population. The purpose of the current retrospective study was to assess the frequency of nephrectomies performed because of renal tumors in the native kidneys in kidney transplant recipients in the Department of General and Transplantation Surgery at the Medical University of Warsaw between 2010 and 2014 year; the identification of kidney recipients diagnosed with RCC; and epidemiologic, clinical, and histopathological aspects associated with RCC...
June 2016: Transplantation Proceedings
Shefali Vyas, Isabel Roberti
Kidney transplantation (txp) in infants has recently made much progress but provides a unique challenge in infants anuric since birth. Little data exists on outcome of renal txp recipients with anuria since birth. Retrospective chart review was done for outcome of 27 children with wt ≤15 kg and they were divided into two groups: Group A (N=21) with urine output and Group B (N=6) anuric since birth had their urological complications and long-term outcome compared. Median age at the time of txp 18 vs 23 months, mean wt 10...
August 6, 2016: Pediatric Transplantation
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