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urology and Transplantation

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28911808/renal-transplantation-after-treatment-for-a-urological-cancer-who-and-when-does-evidence-help-for-a-challenge
#1
EDITORIAL
Javier Burgos-Revilla, Victoria Gomez-Dos-Santos
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 11, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889385/the-n-butyl-n-4-hydroxybutyl-nitrosamine-mouse-urinary-bladder-cancer-model
#2
Paula A Oliveira, Cármen Vasconcelos-Nóbrega, Rui M Gil da Costa, Regina Arantes-Rodrigues
Urinary bladder cancer (UBC) is a common and complex malignancy, with a multifactorial etiology, like environmental factors, such as cigarette smoking, occupational exposure, and genetic factors.UBC exhibits considerable genotypic and phenotypic heterogeneity. Among all UBC lesions, urothelial carcinoma is the most frequently observed histological type. Despite all the developments made in urologic oncology field, therapeutic options remain inadequate. There is urgency for the identification and development of new antineoplastic drugs to replace or improve current protocols and in vivo models have been proven to be essential for this step...
2018: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887865/plasma-rich-plasma-the-ultimate-secret-for-youthful-skin-elixir-and-hair-growth-triggering
#3
REVIEW
Ebtisam Elghblawi
The clinical application of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) is based on the increase in the concentration of growth factors that are released from alpha-granule of the concentrated platelets and in the secretion of proteins which are able to capitalize on the healing process at the cellular level. It has been invented to restore the natural beauty by starting the natural rejuvenation process of the skin and aiming to make it function as a younger one and to keep the skin youthful and maintain it. Besides that, it is also emerged to include hairs as a new injectable procedure to enable stimulating hair growth locally and topically; preventing its fall; improving hair shaft, hair stem, and its caliber; increasing its shine, vitality, and pliability; and declining hair splitting and breakage...
September 8, 2017: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884476/probiotics-for-preventing-urinary-tract-infection-in-people-with-neuropathic-bladder
#4
REVIEW
Swee-Ling Toh, Claire L Boswell-Ruys, Bon San B Lee, Judy M Simpson, Kate R Clezy
BACKGROUND: Neuropathic or neurogenic bladder describes a process of dysfunctional voiding as the result of injury in the brain, spinal cord or nerves innervating the bladder. People with neuropathic bladder, such as from spinal cord injury (SCI), are at significant risk of morbidity from urinary tract infections (UTI). Effective methods to prevent UTI in people with SCI have been sought for many years. Probiotics (micro-organisms that exert beneficial health effects in the host) have been recommended for bacterial interference of the urological tract to reduce colonisation by uropathogen and to manage the dual problems of infection and antibiotic resistance...
September 8, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28838448/inguinal-bladder-hernia-with-acute-ureteral-obstruction-14-years-after-kidney-transplantation-a-case-report
#5
E Ghielmini, L Julita, Y Cerantola, M Matter, T Zingg
An 82-year-old man with a history of renal transplantation 14 years earlier presented with acute obstructive renal failure secondary to inguinal herniation of the urinary bladder complicated by ureteroneocystostomy entrapment. After percutaneous nephrostomy tube and endoscopic stent placement, the bladder was reduced and the hernia repaired with the use of a preperitoneal mesh. The postoperative course was uneventful and the renal function returned to normal. Inguinal herniation of the transplant ureter is a rare cause of hydronephrosis, but it has been described in the literature...
September 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28834044/urological-complications-following-unstented-pediatric-renal-transplantation
#6
Patrick Opoku Manu Maison, Shaun Smit, Mignon McCulloch, Priya Gajjar, Peter Nourse, Dave Thomson, Elmi Muller, Alastair Millar, Alp Numanoglu, Delawir Kahn, John Lazarus
Urological complications which develop post-renal transplantation can be associated with significant morbidity especially in children. We evaluated the occurrence and management of all urological complications in a series of unstented pediatric renal transplants in a tertiary pediatric hospital. We reviewed the medical records of children who underwent unstented renal transplant between January 1996 and December 2014. Postoperative urological complications and the outcomes of their management were analyzed...
August 20, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803033/the-risk-of-tumour-recurrence-in-patients-undergoing-renal-transplantation-for-end-stage-renal-disease-after-previous-treatment-for-a-urological-cancer-a-systematic-review
#7
REVIEW
Romain Boissier, Vital Hevia, Harman Max Bruins, Klemens Budde, Arnaldo Figueiredo, Enrique Lledó-García, Jonathon Olsburgh, Heinz Regele, Claire Fraser Taylor, Rhana Hassan Zakri, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Alberto Breda
CONTEXT: Renal transplantation is the gold standard renal replacement therapy in end-stage renal disease owing to its superior survival and quality of life compared with dialysis. When the potential recipient has a history of cancer, the waiting period before renal transplantation is usually based on the Cincinnati Registry. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review all available evidence on the risk of cancer recurrence in end-stage renal disease patients with a history of urological cancer...
August 10, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795012/chronic-kidney-disease-and-sports-participation-by-children-and-adolescents
#8
REVIEW
Vimal Master Sankar Raj, Dilip R Patel, Lakshmi Ramachandran
Individuals suffering from chronic kidney disease (CKD) deal with major morbidity and mortality including poor exercise tolerance. A variety of factors including anemia, poor muscle mass, cardiovascular changes and limited physical activity contribute to exercise intolerance. Studies suggest that early initiation of aerobic and resistance training improves the muscle function, ability to tolerate exercise and quality of life in CKD patients. A thorough medical examination and exercise testing are recommended before initiating an exercise regimen in individuals with CKD...
July 2017: Translational pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28760118/renal-transplant-in-the-abnormal-bladder-long-term-follow-up
#9
Baher Salman, Ahmed Hassan, Sultan Sultan, Paul Tophill, Ahmed Halawa
OBJECTIVES: Normal urinary bladder stores urine at low pressure, does not leak, and completely empties by natural voiding. An abnormal bladder may be due to neurologic or urologic disorders that render the bladder of small capacity, of high storage pressure, or of poor compliance. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term outcomes of renal transplant in patients with abnormal bladders. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We retrospectively compared 30 transplanted kidneys in 25 patients with abnormal bladders with a control group comprising 30 grafts transplanted simultaneously during the same period of time (1990-2014) in 30 patients without bladder abnormality...
July 31, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754533/benefits-and-harms-of-treatment-of-asymptomatic-bacteriuria-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-by-the-european-association-of-urology-urological-infection-guidelines-panel
#10
Bela Köves, Tommaso Cai, Rajan Veeratterapillay, Robert Pickard, Thomas Seisen, Thomas B Lam, Cathy Yuhong Yuan, Franck Bruyere, Florian Wagenlehner, Riccardo Bartoletti, Suzanne E Geerlings, Adrian Pilatz, Benjamin Pradere, Fabian Hofmann, Gernot Bonkat, Björn Wullt
People with asymptomatic bacteriuria (ABU) are often unnecessarily treated with antibiotics risking adverse effects and antimicrobial resistance. We performed a systematic review to determine any benefits and harms of treating ABU in particular patient groups. Relevant databases were searched and eligible trials were assessed for risk-of-bias and Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Education quality. Where possible, a meta-analysis of extracted data was performed or a narrative synthesis of the evidence was presented...
July 25, 2017: European Urology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723471/urinary-tract-infections-in-immunocompromised-patients-with-diabetes-chronic-kidney-disease-and-kidney-transplant
#11
REVIEW
Zafer Tandogdu, Tommaso Cai, Bela Koves, Florian Wagenlehner, Truls Erik Bjerklund-Johansen
CONTEXT: This paper provides a brief overview of urinary tract infections (UTIs) in immunocompromised patients from the perspective of a practicing urologist. OBJECTIVE: The primary objective was to provide an update on UTIs in immunocompromised patients. Diabetes mellitus (DM), chronic kidney disease, and kidney transplant (KT) are the most common clinical cases encountered by urologists. Diagnosis, management, and future research needs are summarised. EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: We conducted a nonsystematic review of the literature...
October 2016: European Urology Focus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698733/chronic-renal-failure-secondary-to-unrecognized-neurogenic-bladder-in-a-child-with-myelodysplasia
#12
Shameem Ahmed, Siba Prosad Paul
Myelodysplasia includes a group of developmental anomalies resulting from defects that occur during neural tube closure. Urological morbidity in patients with myelodysplasia is significant and if not treated appropriately in a timely manner can potentially lead to progressive renal failure, requiring dialysis or transplantation. We report the case of a 13-year old girl with neurogenic bladder who presented chronic renal failure secondary to lipomyelomeningocele with retethering of cord. She was managed with urinary indwelling catheterization until optimization of renal function and then underwent detethering of cord with excision and repair of residual lipomeningomyelocele...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697717/timing-and-predictors-of-early-urologic-and-infectious-complications-after-renal-transplant-an-analysis-of-a-new-york-statewide-database
#13
Wilson Sui, Michael J Lipsky, Justin T Matulay, Dennis J Robins, Ifeanyi C Onyeji, Maxwell B James, Marissa C Theofanides, Sven Wenske
OBJECTIVES: The most common complications after renal transplant are urologic and are a cause of significant morbidity in a vulnerable population. We sought to characterize the timing and predictors of urologic complications after renal transplant using a statewide database. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We queried the New York Statewide Planning and Research Cooperative System database to identify patients who underwent renal transplant from 2005 to 2013. Postoperative complications included hydronephrosis, ureteral stricture, vesicoureteral reflux, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract infections...
July 11, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681234/-report-of-the-24th-annual-conference-of-the-working-group-kidney-transplantation-of-the-german-society-of-urology-in-erlangen
#14
H Apel, J Putz, P Fornara, F Friedersdorff, K Dreikorn, M Stöckle, B Wullich
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 5, 2017: Der Urologe. Ausg. A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28670838/incidence-and-risk-factors-of-early-surgical-complications-in-young-renal-transplant-recipients-a-persistent-challenge
#15
Nathan Rodricks, Rahul Chanchlani, Tonny Banh, Karlota Borges, Jovanka Vasilevska-Ristovska, Diane Hebert, Viral Patel, Armando J Lorenzo, Rulan S Parekh
There is a paucity of data on the rate of urological and vascular complications in very young children after kidney transplant. We conducted a study on the incidence and risk factors for early post-transplant surgical complications in young recipients (<5 years) over three decades. The primary outcome was any urological or vascular complication within 30 days of transplant, and the secondary outcome was incidence rate of graft failure reported as per 1000 person-years. Risk factors associated with surgical complications were analyzed by logistic regression...
July 3, 2017: Pediatric Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28638585/clinicopathological-study-of-seronegative-celiac-disease-in-adults-in-pakistan-a-pilot-study
#16
Mohammad Hanif Farina, Rajesh Kumar Mandhwani, Nasir Hassan Luck, Zaigham Abbas, Muhammed Mubarak, S Mudassir Laeeq, Abbas Ali Tasneem
BACKGROUND Celiac disease (CD) is usually missed, if the serology is negative. We aimed to evaluate the clinicopathological characteristics of seronegative CD (SNCD) and its response to gluten-free diet (GFD) in adult patients. METHODS This observational study was carried out at the Department of Hepatogastroenterology, Sindh Institute of Urology and Transplantation, Karachi, Pakistan from 2009 to 2015. All consecutive adult patients (≥17 years) with features of marked villous atrophy (Marsh class≥III) on duodenal biopsy, negative tissue transglutaminase IgA and IgG antibodies (anti-tTg IgA and IgG) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) DQ2 or DQ8 serotypes were studied...
April 2017: Middle East Journal of Digestive Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621639/outcome-of-the-double-j-stent-placement-in-pediatric-kidney-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#17
Hakan Sözen, Onur Özen, Kibriya Fidan, Oğuz Söylemezoğlu, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Double J stent placement at kidney transplant may reduce stenosis or leakage complication rates. However, placement may also increase risk for early urinary tract infection (ie, < 3 mo after transplant). In children, the usefulness of double J stent placement is not well defined. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We analyzed retrospective data from children who received transplants at the Gazi University Transplantation Center and Pediatric Nephrology (Ankara, Turkey) for outcomes related to double J stents...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621638/urologic-complications-after-renal-transplant-a-single-center-experience
#18
Hakan Sözen, Metin Onaran, Onur Özen, Aydın Dalgıç
OBJECTIVES: Urologic complications after kidney transplant are associated with significant morbidity, mortality, and prolonged hospital stay. An intervention or second surgical procedure is frequently required. Here, we report urologic complications in adult kidney recipients. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Since 2006, 171 adult kidney transplant procedures have been performed at the Gazi University Transplantation Center (Ankara, Turkey). Among these patients, there were 65 adult female (38%) and 106 adult male (62%) recipients...
June 16, 2017: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583553/living-donor-kidney-transplantation-after-brachytherapy-for-prostate-cancer-case-report
#19
S Harada, H Ushigome, K Masuda, T Matsuyama, T Nakamura, K Koshino, T Iida, S Nobori, N Yoshimura
INTRODUCTION: There is no obvious criterion about kidney transplantation for patients with pretransplant malignancy. Minimum tumor-free waiting periods differ according to type of cancer, staging, site of occurrence, response to therapy, and risk of cancer recurrence. We report a case of living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) in a patient after brachytherapy for prostate cancer. CASE REPORT: The patient was a 65-year-old man with chronic kidney disease due to chronic glomerular nephritis...
June 2017: Transplantation Proceedings
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28573100/vascular-augmentation-in-renal-transplantation-supercharging-and-turbocharging
#20
Euicheol C Jeong, Seung Hwan Hwang, Su Rak Eo
The most common anatomic variant seen in donor kidneys for renal transplantation is the presence of multiple renal arteries, which can cause an increased risk of complications. Accessory renal arteries should be anastomosed to the proper source arteries to improve renal perfusion via the appropriate vascular reconstruction techniques. In microsurgery, 2 kinds of vascular augmentation methods, known as 'supercharging' and 'turbocharging,' have been introduced to ensure vascular perfusion in the transferred flap...
May 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
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