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NAD AND nicotinamide AND niacin AND NR

D B Conze, J Crespo-Barreto, C L Kruger
Nicotinamide riboside (NR) is a naturally occurring form of vitamin B3 present in trace amounts in some foods. Like niacin, it has been shown to be a precursor in the biosynthesis of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD+). The safety of Niagen™, a synthetic form of NR, was determined using a bacterial reverse mutagenesis assay (Ames), an in vitro chromosome aberration assay, an in vivo micronucleus assay, and acute, 14-day and 90-day rat toxicology studies. NR was not genotoxic. There was no mortality at an oral dose of 5000 mg/kg...
January 20, 2016: Human & Experimental Toxicology
Biao Ma, Shih-Jung Pan, Margaret L Zupancic, Brendan P Cormack
The yeast pathogen Candida glabrata is a nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NAD(+)) auxotroph and its growth depends on the environmental supply of vitamin precursors of NAD(+). C. glabrata salvage pathways defined in this article allow NAD(+) to be synthesized from three compounds - nicotinic acid (NA), nicotinamide (NAM) and nicotinamide riboside (NR). NA is salvaged through a functional Preiss-Handler pathway. NAM is first converted to NA by nicotinamidase and then salvaged by the Preiss-Handler pathway...
October 2007: Molecular Microbiology
Y K Yeh, L V Hankes, L M Wessels
Erthrocytes from African blacks with primary hepatoma were incubated with physiological amounts (1.64 microM) of nicotinamide-14C (NM-14C) and it was found that these erythrocytes could synthesize NAD from NM. After 3-hr incubation with NM-14C, a large percentage of the 14C was found in NMN, nicotinamide riboside (NR) and NAD, but was undetectable in nicotinic acid nucleotides (NAMN and NAAD). This suggested that the NAD synthesized from NM was not through the Preiss-Handler pathway. After 6-plus hr incubation, the 14C found in NAMN and NAAD suggested the NAD synthesized was being broken down and reutilized through Preiss-Handler pathway for synthesis of NAD...
1982: Acta Vitaminologica et Enzymologica
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