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Extracorporeal shock wave therapy

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29232698/low-energy-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-eswt-improves-metaphyseal-fracture-healing-in-an-osteoporotic-rat-model
#1
Gina A Mackert, Matthias Schulte, Christoph Hirche, Dimitra Kotsougiani, Julian Vogelpohl, Bernd Hoener, Teresa Fiebig, Stefanie Kirschner, Marc A Brockmann, Marcus Lehnhardt, Ulrich Kneser, Leila Harhaus
PURPOSE: As result of the current demographic changes, osteoporosis and osteoporotic fractures are becoming an increasing social and economic burden. In this experimental study, extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT), was evaluated as a treatment option for the improvement of osteoporotic fracture healing. METHODS: A well-established fracture model in the metaphyseal tibia in the osteoporotic rat was used. 132 animals were divided into 11 groups, with 12 animals each, consisting of one sham-operated group and 10 ovariectomized (osteoporotic) groups, of which 9 received ESWT treatment...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29223709/bone-marrow-edema-syndrome-of-the-medial-femoral-condyle-treated-with-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-a-clinical-and-mri-retrospective-comparative-study
#2
Matteo Vitali, Nadim Naim Rodriguez, Alberto Pedretti, Andreas Drossinos, Pierluigi Pironti, Gaia Di Carlo, Gianfranco Fraschini
OBJECTIVE: To determine the validity of Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy (ESWT) in the treatment of Bone Marrow Edema (BME) of the medial condyle of the knee DESIGN: Retrospective STUDY SETTING: IRCCS San Raffaele Hospital, Orthopedics Outpatient Clinic PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-six symptomatic patients affected by bone marrow edema of the medial condyle of the knee. Patients were equally divided in a ESWT (Extracorporeal Shock Wave Therapy) treated group and a control group, which was managed conservatively...
December 6, 2017: Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218106/extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-effectively-protects-brain-against-chronic-cerebral-hypo-perfusion-induced-neuropathological-changes
#3
Han-Tan Chai, Kuan-Hung Chen, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Chih-Hung Chen, Pei-Hsun Sung, Yung-Lung Chen, Chun-Man Yuen, Pei-Lin Shao, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hsueh-Wen Chang, Ching-Jen Wang, Mel S Lee, Hon-Kan Yip, Sheung-Fat Ko
This study tested the hypothesis that extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW) therapy could protect mouse brain from chronic cerebral hypoperfusion (CHP)-induced neuropathological changes in a bilateral carotid arterial stenosis (CAS) model. Adult-male C57BL/6 (B6) mice (n=36) were randomized into group 1 (sham-control), group 2 (CHP) and group 3 [CHP+ECSW (100 impulses at 0.15 mJ/mm2) on day 5, 10 and 15 after CHP induction]. By day 60 after CHP induction, the white matter lesion, protein expressions of inflammatory (TNF-α/NF-κB/iNOS), oxidative-stress (NOX-1/NOX-2/NOX-4/nitrotyrosine), angiogenesis (eNOS/CD31), apoptotic (Bax/caspase-3/PARP), fibrotic (Smad3/TGF-ß) and mitochondrial-damaged (cytosolic cytochrome-C) biomarkers were significantly higher in group 2 than in groups 1 and 3, and significantly higher in group 3 than in group 1, whereas the protein expressions of anti-apoptotic (Bcl-2), anti-fibrotic (BMP-2/Smad1/5), and mitochondrial-integrity (mitochondrial cytochrome-C) biomarkers showed an opposite pattern to inflammation among the three groups (all P<0...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29207984/individualised-radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-reswt-for-symptomatic-calcific-shoulder-tendinopathy-a-retrospective-clinical-study
#4
Nikolaos Malliaropoulos, Dawn Thompson, Maria Meke, Debasish Pyne, Dimosthenis Alaseirlis, Henry Atkinson, Vasileios Korakakis, Heinz Lohrer
BACKGROUND: A retrospective single centre cohort analysis was performed to evaluate an individualised radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) protocol for treatment of symptomatic calcific shoulder tendinopathy. METHODS: 67 patients (79 Shoulders) were identified with 76 shoulders included for analysis. rESWT treatment protocol was adapted according to individual response to treatment. Variables included number of sessions, shockwave impulses, pressure and frequency...
December 6, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29201822/effect-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-therapy-versus-intra-articular-injections-of-hyaluronic-acid-for-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis
#5
June-Kyung Lee, Bong-Yeon Lee, Woo-Yong Shin, Min-Ji An, Kwang-Ik Jung, Seo-Ra Yoon
Objective: To evaluate and compare the effects and outcomes of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) and intra-articular injections of hyaluronic acid (HA) in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA). Methods: Of the 78 patients recruited for the study, 61 patients met the inclusion criteria. The enrolled patients were randomly divided into two groups: the ESWT group and the HA group. The ESWT group underwent 3 sessions of 1,000 shockwave pulses performed on the affected knee with the dosage adjusted to 0...
October 2017: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29200621/the-effects-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-on-pain-and-range-of-motion-in-patients-with-adhesive-capsulitis
#6
Sangho Lee, Sangyong Lee, Mugeun Jeong, Hyunju Oh, Kwansub Lee
[Purpose] This study examined the effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy on pain and range of motion in patients with adhesive capsulitis. [Subjects and Methods] Thirty patients with adhesive capsulitis were divided into an experimental group (n=15) that would be treated with extracorporeal shock wave therapy and a control group (n=15) that would be treated only with conservative physical therapy. Both groups were treated three times a week over a four-week period. [Results] An intra-group comparison before and after the treatment showed that both groups experienced a decline in pain and an increase in their range of motion that were statistically significant...
November 2017: Journal of Physical Therapy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29185674/effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-and-kinesio-taping-in-calcific-tendinopathy-of-the-shoulder-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#7
Paolo Frassanito, Carlo Cavalieri, Roberto Maestri, Guido Felicetti
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) is effective in the treatment of calcific tendinopathy of the rotator cuff, eliciting an analgesic/anti-inflammatory action and promoting tissue regeneration. Kinesio taping (KT), another recently-introduced rehabilitative tool, exerts an analgesic and biomechanical action on joints and muscles. ESWT and KT may have a synergic effect when used in combination, but the effectiveness of the association has not been established. AIM: To test if the association of KT with ESWT is superior to ESWT alone in the treatment of rotator cuff calcific tendinopathy...
November 29, 2017: European Journal of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29180799/low-intensity-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-for-erectile-dysfunction-after-radical-prostatectomy-a-review-of-preclinical-studies
#8
REVIEW
Zi-Jun Zou, Jia-Yu Liang, Zhi-Hong Liu, Rui Gao, Yi-Ping Lu
Low-intensity extracorporeal shock wave therapy (LI-ESWT) is a novel treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED). Its ability to improve erectile function has been shown in patients with vasculogenic ED by many randomized-controlled trials against sham procedures. However, the role of LI-ESWT in ED caused by radical prostatectomy (RP) is still questionable because this type of ED was excluded from nearly all clinical studies; it has been investigated in only a few small single-arm trials. This review summarizes preclinical studies on mechanisms of action of LI-ESWT for ED and neurological diseases to explore the potential of this treatment for nerve-impaired ED after RP...
November 27, 2017: International Journal of Impotence Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29153594/the-effectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shockwave-treatment-in-subacromial-impingement-syndrome-and-its-relation-with-acromion-morphology
#9
Esra Circi, Sibel Caglar Okur, Ozge Aksu, Erhan Mumcuoglu, Tolga Tuzuner, Nil Caglar
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the extracorporeal shock wave therapy in the subacromial impingement syndrome and its relationship with the acromion morphology. METHODS: Thirty patients (24 women, 6 men) with subacromial impingement were evaluated. The average age of patients was 53.6 ± 9.8 years (range 39-80). Patients were divided into 3 groups according to the acromion morphology. ESWT 1500 at 0.12 am mL/mm(2) violence was applied once a week for 3 weeks...
November 16, 2017: Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29143138/-pseudarthroses-of-the-long-bones
#10
J Everding, S Roßlenbroich, M J Raschke
Pseudarthrosis development is dependent on the presence of individual risk factors in approximately 10% as a result of fractures and are more frequently located in the region of the long bones. The development of non-union regularly results in prolonged pain and reduced functionality of the affected limb. The resulting clearly increased socioeconomic costs are caused by the complex operative treatment strategies and increased indirect costs, which include lost wages, social benefits and compensation. Altogether, non-unions require a differentiated therapeutic treatment strategy...
November 15, 2017: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29139242/-the-effiectiveness-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-lithotripsy-in-treating-proxima-ureteral-stones
#11
M I Kogan, I I Belousov, A M Yassine
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL) has proven efficacy in the treatment of proximal ureteral stones. The research to date has not been able to establish real time to spontaneous stone clearance after ESWL and the appropriateness and effectiveness of -blockers in stimulating residual stone clearance after ESWL. AIM: To conduct a comprehensive assessment of the effectiveness of ESWL in treating proximal ureteral stones and determine the appropriateness of using -blockers to stimulate residual stone clearance...
October 2017: Urologii︠a︡
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29127399/radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-enhances-the-proliferation-and-differentiation-of-neural-stem-cells-by-notch-pi3k-akt-and-wnt-%C3%AE-catenin-signaling
#12
Jing Zhang, Nan Kang, Xiaotong Yu, Yuewen Ma, Xining Pang
Neural stem cell (NSC) proliferation and differentiation play a pivotal role in the repair of brain function in central nervous system (CNS) diseases. Radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) is a non-invasive and innovative treatment for many conditions, yet little is known about the effects of this treatment on NSCs. Mouse NSCs (NE-4C) were exposed to rESWT with 1.0, 1.5, 2.0, 2.5, 3.0, and 3.5 bar (500 impulses, and 2 Hz) in vitro. Cell viability test results indicated that rESWT, at a dose of 2...
November 10, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29126038/magnetic-resonance-imaging-findings-of-chronic-plantar-fasciitis-before-and-after-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy
#13
Masahiro Maki, Kazuya Ikoma, Masamitsu Kido, Yusuke Hara, Koshiro Sawada, Suzuyo Ohashi, Toshikazu Kubo
INTRODUCTION: The objective of this study is to examine the relationships between treatment outcome and changes in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging findings after extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT) for chronic plantar fasciitis. METHODS: The subjects were 23 feet of 23 patients of refractory plantar fasciitis. The mean age was 53.7 years. The thickness of the plantar fascia (PF) and findings of a high-signal intensity area (HSIA) inside the PF, edema around the PF, and bone marrow edema (BME) of the calcaneus were investigated on MR images...
December 2017: Foot
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119963/-what-physiotherapeutic-method-for-the-treatment-of-post-mastectomy-lymphedema-is-the-most-effective
#14
T I Grushina
We have undertaken the search for the publications of interest in the following databases: Scopus, Web of Science, MedLine, The Cochrane Library, CyberLeninka, and Russian science citation index. In addition, we evaluated the effectiveness of the physical agents and procedures having different mechanisms of action of the known factors responsible for the development of post-mastectomy lymphedema. Such agents and procedures include self-massage, manual lymphatic drainage, therapeutic physical exercises, compression bandaging, wearing elastic compression garments, Kinesio Tex taping, pneumatic compression, ultrasonic, electrostatic, extracorporeal shock wave therapy, electrical muscle stimulation, microcurrent and low-intensity laser therapy...
2017: Voprosy Kurortologii, Fizioterapii, i Lechebnoĭ Fizicheskoĭ Kultury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119841/a-state-of-art-review-of-low-intensity-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-and-lithotripter-machines-for-the-treatment-of-erectile-dysfunction
#15
Eric Chung, Juan Wang
Introduction Current treatment for erectile dysfunction (ED) mostly attempts to improve erectile function with limited impact on altering the underlying pathophysiology of ED. Recent animal experiments have supported the notion that low intensity extracorporeal shockwave therapy (LIESWT) significantly improves penile hemodynamics and might induce structural changes that regenerate penile tissue. Areas covered This review article provides an overview of the basic mechanics and clinical studies pertaining to LIESWT and its use in the field of ED...
November 9, 2017: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29118920/combination-therapy-with-extracorporeal-shock-wave-and-melatonin-markedly-attenuated-neuropathic-pain-in-rat
#16
Kuan-Hung Chen, Chien-Hui Yang, Christopher Glenn Wallace, Chung-Ren Lin, Chia-Kai Liu, Tsung-Cheng Yin, Tien-Hung Huang, Yi-Ling Chen, Cheuk-Kwan Sun, Hon-Kan Yip
This study tested the hypothesis that combination therapy using extracorporeal shock wave (ECSW)-melatonin (Mel) was superior to either alone at ameliorating neuropathic pain (NP). NP was induced by chronic constriction injury (CCI) to the left sciatic nerve in rats. Animals were categorized into sham control (group 1), CCI only (group 2), CCI-ECSW (group 3), CCI-Mel (group 4) and CCI-ECSW-Mel (group 5). By days 2 and 8 after CCI, the mechanical paw withdrawal threshold (MPWT)/thermal paw withdrawal latency (TPWL) were highest in group 2, lowest in group 1, significantly lower in group 5 than in groups 3 and 4 (all p<0...
2017: American Journal of Translational Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29115642/combined-treatment-with-extracorporeal-shock%C3%A2-wave-therapy-and-bone-marrow-mesenchymal-stem-cell-transplantation-improves-bone-repair-in-a-rabbit-model-of-bone-nonunion
#17
Tao Fan, Guozhi Huang, Wen Wu, Rong Guo, Qing Zeng
The aim of the present study was to analyze whether extracorporeal shock‑wave therapy (ESWT) combined with bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (BMMSC) transplantation improves bone repair in a rabbit bone nonunion model. ESWT combined with BMMSC effectively enhanced mechanical strength, fracture stiffness and histological scores, and increased alkaline phosphatase activity, and osteopontin, runt related transcription factor 2 and collagen type I α1 chain protein expression levels in a rabbit bone nonunion model...
January 2018: Molecular Medicine Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110711/radial-extracorporeal-shock-wave-therapy-is-efficient-and-safe-in-the-treatment-of-fracture-nonunions-of-superficial-bones-a-retrospective-case-series
#18
Paulo Kertzman, Nikolaus B M Császár, John P Furia, Christoph Schmitz
BACKGROUND: A substantial body of evidence supports the use of focused extracorporeal shock wave therapy (fESWT) in the non-invasive treatment of fracture nonunions. On the other hand, virtually no studies exist on the use of radial extracorporeal shock wave therapy (rESWT) for this indication. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 22 patients treated with rESWT for fracture nonunions of superficial bones that failed to heal despite initial surgical fixation in most cases...
November 6, 2017: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29107354/effects-of-extracorporeal-shock-wave-mediated-transdermal-local-anesthetic-drug-delivery-on-rat-caudal-nerves
#19
Jer-Junn Luh, Wan-Ting Huang, Kwan-Hwa Lin, Yi-You Huang, Po-Ling Kuo, Wen-Shiang Chen
Cavitation plays a substantial role in the clinical effects of extracorporeal shock wave therapy (ESWT). It is also generally accepted as a major mechanism in sonophoresis. To identify the enhancing effect of extracorporeal shock wave-mediated transdermal drug delivery, 24 Wistar rats were randomly assigned to four groups: (i) topical application of a eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA); (ii) 1-MHz ultrasound; (iii) ESWT pre-treatment combined with EMLA application; (iv) ESWT concurrent with EMLA application on rat tails...
October 27, 2017: Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29096689/rectally-administered-indomethacin-to-prevent-post-eswl-pancreatitis-ripep-study-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#20
Yang-Yang Qian, Hui Chen, Xin-Ying Tang, Xi Jiang, Wei Qian, Wen-Bin Zou, Lei Xin, Bo Li, Yan-Fen Qi, Liang-Hao Hu, Duo-Wu Zou, Zhen-Dong Jin, Dong Wang, Yi-Qi Du, Luo-Wei Wang, Feng Liu, Zhao-Shen Li, Zhuan Liao
BACKGROUND: Pancreatic extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (P-ESWL) is the first-line therapy for large pancreatic duct stones. Although it is a highly effective and safe procedure for the fragmentation of pancreatic stones, it is still not complication-free. Just like endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), pancreatitis is the most common complication. To date, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) have proven to be the only effective prophylactic medication for post-ERCP pancreatitis and the European, American and Japanese Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guidelines have recommended prophylactic rectally administered indomethacin for all patients undergoing ERCP...
November 2, 2017: Trials
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