keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Lancet commission on global surgery

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547429/the-role-of-the-wfsa-in-reaching-the-goals-of-the-lancet-commission-on-global-surgery
#1
Gonzalo Barreiro, Jannicke Mellin-Olsen, Julian Gore-Booth
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547428/global-surgery-system-strengthening-it-is-all-about-the-right-metrics
#2
David A Watters, Glenn D Guest, Viliami Tangi, Mark G Shrime, John G Meara
Progress in achieving "universal access to safe, affordable surgery, and anesthesia care when needed" is dependent on consensus not only about the key messages but also on what metrics should be used to set goals and measure progress. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery not only achieved consensus on key messages but also recommended 6 key metrics to inform national surgical plans and monitor scale-up toward 2030. These metrics measure access to surgery, as well as its timeliness, safety, and affordability: (1) Two-hour access to the 3 Bellwether procedures (cesarean delivery, emergency laparotomy, and management of an open fracture); (2) Surgeon, Anesthetist, and Obstetrician workforce >20/100,000; (3) Surgical volume of 5000 procedures/100,000; (4) Reporting of perioperative mortality rate; and (5 and 6) Risk rates of catastrophic expenditure and impoverishment when requiring surgery...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547422/anesthesia-development-in-mongolia-strengthening-anesthesia-practice-in-mongolia-through-education-and-continuing-professional-development
#3
Ganbold Lundeg, Amanda Baric, David C Pescod, Keith Pescod
Anesthesia in Mongolia has undergone a period of major development over the past 17 years, thanks to the work of the Mongolian Society of Anesthesiologists (MSA) and the support of the World Federation of Societies of Anaesthesiologists and the Australian Society of Anaesthetists. The specialty has made major advances in training and in its standing among medical specialties in Mongolia. The MSA has produced members who are leaders in the development of anesthesia as well as emergency medicine and critical care...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29547421/pain-a-neglected-problem-in-the-low-resource-setting
#4
C Roger Goucke, Pongparadee Chaudakshetrin
Approximately 80% of the world's population lives in countries with little or no access to pain management. These countries also have 74% of the world's deaths from cancer and human immunodeficiency virus. Appropriate use of oral opioids can control 80%-90% of cancer pain. However, only 6.7% of the world's medical opioids are available in these low-resource countries. With the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery calling for a significant expansion of surgical services, postoperative pain management will need to be an increasing focus of our attention...
April 2018: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29540407/macroeconomic-costs-of-the-unmet-burden-of-surgical-disease-in-sierra-leone-a-retrospective-economic-analysis
#5
Caris E Grimes, Matthew Quaife, Thaim B Kamara, Christopher B D Lavy, Andy J M Leather, Håkon A Bolkan
OBJECTIVES: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery estimated that low/middle-income countries will lose an estimated cumulative loss of US$12.3 trillion from gross domestic product (GDP) due to the unmet burden of surgical disease. However, no country-specific data currently exist. We aimed to estimate the costs to the Sierra Leone economy from death and disability which may have been averted by surgical care. DESIGN: We used estimates of total, met and unmet need from two main sources-a cluster randomised, cross-sectional, countrywide survey and a retrospective, nationwide study on surgery in Sierra Leone...
March 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29500056/surgical-care-and-otolaryngology-in-global-health
#6
REVIEW
Regan W Bergmark, David A Shaye, Mark G Shrime
Surgical access is inadequate for most people. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery established 6 indicators to measure surgical access: geographic accessibility, density of surgical providers, number of procedures performed, perioperative mortality, impoverishing expenditure, and catastrophic expenditure. Otolaryngology surgical, training, and research efforts use these 6 indicators to maximize impact and coordination of worldwide efforts in surgery. Research must be rigorous and consider the counterfactual...
February 27, 2018: Otolaryngologic Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29485559/innovate-global-plastic-and-reconstructive-surgery-cleft-lip-and-palate-charity-database
#7
Pinkal S Patel, Karen Y Chung, Leila Kasrai
BACKGROUND: There is an emerging interest in global surgery. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery recognizes the important role that nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) play in the delivery of cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) surgical care. To better address the unmet burden of surgical disease, the commissioners propose the use of a centralized registry to maximize coordination of global surgical volunteerism efforts. This study aims to create a comprehensive database of CLP organizations...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29448900/provision-of-surgical-care-in-ethiopia-challenges-and-solutions
#8
Caitrin M Kelly, Nichole Starr, Nakul P Raykar, Rachel R Yorlets, Charles Liu, Miliard Derbew
With the lowest measured rate of surgery in the world, Ethiopia is faced with a number of challenges in providing surgical care. The aim of this study was to elucidate challenges in providing safe surgical care in Ethiopia, and solutions providers have created to overcome them. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 practicing surgeons in Ethiopia. Following de-identification and immersion into field notes, topical coding was completed with an existing coding manual. Codes were adapted and expanded as necessary, and the primary data analyst confirmed reproducibility with a secondary analyst...
February 15, 2018: Global Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29411073/demand-and-capacity-to-integrate-pelvic-organ-prolapse-and-genital-fistula-services-in-low-resource-settings
#9
Vandana Tripathi, Sohier Elneil, Lauri Romanzi
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: There is a need for expanded access to safe surgical care in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) as illustrated by the report of the 2015 Lancet Commission on Global Surgery. Packages of closely-related surgical procedures may create platforms of capacity that maximize impact in LMIC. Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) and genital fistula care provide an example. Although POP affects many more women in LMICs than fistula, donor support for fistula treatment in LMICs has been underway for decades, whereas treatment for POP is usually limited to hysterectomy-based surgical treatment, occurring with little to no donor support...
February 6, 2018: International Urogynecology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29368021/access-to-safe-timely-and-affordable-surgical-care-in-uganda-a-stratified-randomized-evaluation-of-nationwide-public-sector-surgical-capacity-and-core-surgical-indicators
#10
Katherine Albutt, Maria Punchak, Peter Kayima, Didacus B Namanya, Geoffrey A Anderson, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Access to safe surgery is critical to health, welfare, and economic development. In 2015, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery recommended that all countries collect surgical indicators to lend insight into improving surgical care. No nationwide high-quality data exist for these metrics in Uganda. METHODS: A standardized quantitative hospital assessment and a semi-structured interview were administered to key stakeholders at 17 randomly selected public hospitals...
January 24, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29366998/the-role-of-neurosurgery-in-countries-with-limited-facilities-facts-and-challenges
#11
Franco Servadei, Zefferino Rossini, Federico Nicolosi, Carlotta Morselli, Kee B Park
The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery has recently focused its attention on the lack of surgical care worldwide. Like other surgical subspecialties, neurosurgical care needs to be better distributed around the world, with a major focus on low- to middle-income countries. Neurosurgical diseases like hydrocephalus, traumatic brain injury, and brain tumors have a high impact on families, individual quality of life, and cost for the society. Implementation of neurosurgical care in poor settings is not easy. More than other surgeries, neurosurgery requires great amounts of human resources, dedicated environments, and specialized postoperative care...
April 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225948/collecting-data-for-global-surgical-indicators-a-collaborative-approach-in-the-pacific-region
#12
REVIEW
Glenn Douglas Guest, Elizabeth McLeod, William R G Perry, Vilami Tangi, Joao Pedro, Ponifasio Ponifasio, Johnny Hedson, Jemesa Tudravu, Douglas Pikacha, Eric Vreede, Basil Leodoro, Noah Tapaua, James Kong, Bwabwa Oten, Deacon Teapa, Stephanie Korin, Leona Wilson, Samson Mesol, Kabiri Tuneti, John G Meara, David A Watters
In 2015, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) recommended six surgical metrics to enable countries to measure their surgical and anaesthesia care delivery. These indicators have subsequently been accepted by the World Bank for inclusion in the World Development Indicators. With support from the Royal Australasian College of Surgeons and the Pacific Islands Surgical Association, 14 South Pacific countries collaborated to collect the first four of six LCoGS indicators. Thirteen countries collected all four indicators over a 6-month period from October 2015 to April 2016...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29225930/using-the-consolidated-framework-for-implementation-research-to-implement-and-evaluate-national-surgical-planning
#13
REVIEW
Saurabh Saluja, Allison Silverstein, Swagoto Mukhopadhyay, Yihan Lin, Nakul Raykar, Salmaan Keshavjee, Lubna Samad, John G Meara
The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery defined six surgical indicators and a framework for a national surgical plan that aimed to incorporate surgical care as a part of global public health. Multiple countries have since begun national surgical planning; each faces unique challenges in doing so. Implementation science can be used to more systematically explain this heterogeneous process, guide implementation efforts and ultimately evaluate progress. We describe our intervention using the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research...
2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29091173/surgical-care-in-the-public-health-agenda
#14
Mário Scheffer, Saurabh Saluja, Nivaldo Alonso
The current article examines surgical care as a public health issue and a challenge for health systems organization. When surgery fails to take place in timely fashion, treatable clinical conditions can evolve to disability and death. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery defined indicators for monitoring sustainable universal access to surgical care. Applied to Brazil, the global indicators are satisfactory, but the supply of surgeries in the country is marked by regional and socioeconomic inequalities, as well as between the public and private healthcare sectors...
October 26, 2017: Cadernos de Saúde Pública
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022523/-best-buys-for-surgery-in-south-africa
#15
T Wilkinson, M Smith, A Kinghorn, K J Hofman
Improving access to basic surgical interventions has great potential to improve the length and quality of life of many people in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, research has shown that current access to surgical interventions is limited, and initiatives such as the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery 2030 advocate for improved access to basic surgical interventions for all. As the needs, health system context and available budgets in each country will be different, a critical component of effective local scale-up of surgical interventions will be to use tools and processes of health technology assessment (HTA)...
September 22, 2017: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28885519/preparing-global-trauma-nurses-for-leadership-roles-in-global-trauma-systems
#16
Sol Angelica Muñiz, Richard W Lang, Lisa Falcon, Jasmine Garces-King, Suzanne Willard, Gregory L Peck
Trauma leads to 5.7 million annual deaths globally, accounting for 25%-33% of global unintentional deaths and 90% of the global trauma burden in low- and middle-income countries. The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery and the World Health Organization assert that emergent and essential surgical capacity building and trauma system improvement are essential to address the global burden of trauma. In response, the Rutgers Global Surgery program, the School of Nursing and Medicine, and the Robert Wood Johnson University Hospital faculty collaborated in the first Interprofessional Models in Global Injury Care and Education Symposium in June 2016...
September 2017: Journal of Trauma Nursing: the Official Journal of the Society of Trauma Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806300/improving-benchmarks-for-global-surgery-nationwide-enumeration-of-operations-performed-in-ghana
#17
Adam Gyedu, Barclay Stewart, Cameron Gaskill, Godfred Boakye, Ebenezer Appiah-Denkyira, Peter Donkor, Ronald Maier, Robert Quansah, Charles Mock
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the operation rate in Ghana and characterize it by types of procedures and hospital level. BACKGROUND: The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery recommended an annual rate of 5000 operations/100,000 people as a benchmark at which low- and middle-income countries could achieve most of the population-wide benefits of surgery, but did not define procedure-type benchmarks. METHODS: Data on operations performed from June 2014 to May 2015 were obtained from representative samples of 48 of 124 district-level (first-level) hospitals, 9 of 11 regional (referral) hospitals, and 3 of 5 tertiary hospitals, and scaled-up to nationwide estimates...
August 10, 2017: Annals of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648326/the-role-for-international-outreach-in-hand-surgery
#18
REVIEW
Karen Y Chung
Internationally, surgery is making its mark as a necessary priority in Low and Middle Income Countries (LMICs). In 2013, Paul Farmer, MD, and international leaders from 14 countries founded the Lancet Commission of Global Surgery to develop and assemble the best evidence on the state of surgery worldwide, to study the economics of surgical and anesthesia care delivery, and to develop strategies for improving access. Concurrently, there is growing interest in hand surgery. The Journal of Hand Surgery (European Volume) recently called for LMIC research with the goal of using their resources to improve the end product...
August 2017: Journal of Hand Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589025/assessing-the-brazilian-surgical-system-with-six-surgical-indicators-a-descriptive-and-modelling-study
#19
Benjamin B Massenburg, Saurabh Saluja, Hillary E Jenny, Nakul P Raykar, Josh Ng-Kamstra, Aline G A Guilloux, Mário C Scheffer, John G Meara, Nivaldo Alonso, Mark G Shrime
BACKGROUND: Brazil boasts a health scheme that aspires to provide universal coverage, but its surgical system has rarely been analysed. In an effort to strengthen surgical systems worldwide, the Lancet Commission on Global Surgery proposed a collection of 6 standardised indicators: 2-hour access to surgery, surgical workforce density, surgical volume, perioperative mortality rate (POMR) and protection against impoverishing and catastrophic expenditure. This study aims to characterise the Brazilian surgical health system with these newly devised indicators while gaining understanding on the complexity of the indicators themselves...
March 2017: BMJ Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28588976/the-how-project-understanding-contextual-challenges-to-global-surgical-care-provision-in-low-resource-settings
#20
Nakul P Raykar, Rachel R Yorlets, Charles Liu, Roberta Goldman, Sarah L M Greenberg, Meera Kotagal, Paul E Farmer, John G Meara, Nobhojit Roy, Rowan D Gillies
INTRODUCTION: 5 billion people around the world do not have access to safe, affordable, timely surgical care. This series of qualitative interviews was launched by The Lancet Commission on Global Surgery (LCoGS) with the aim of understanding the contextual challenges-the specific circumstances-faced by surgical care providers in low-resource settings who care for impoverished patients, and how those providers overcome these challenges. METHODS: From January 2014 to February 2015, 20 LCoGS collaborators conducted semistructured interviews with 148 surgical providers in low-resource settings in 21 countries...
November 2016: BMJ Global Health
keyword
keyword
88314
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"