keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nature review immunology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29229574/merkel-cell-carcinoma-an-update-and-review-part-1-pathogenesis-diagnosis-and-staging
#1
REVIEW
Kathleen Coggshall, Tiffany L Tello, Jeffrey P North, Siegrid S Yu
Merkel cell carcinoma (MCC) is an uncommon primary cutaneous neuroendocrine cancer. It most commonly presents as an indurated plaque or nodule on sun-damaged skin in elderly patients and is characterized by high rates of local recurrence and nodal metastasis. Survival at five years is 51% for local disease and as low as 14% for distant disease, which underscores the aggressive nature of this tumor and challenges in management. Advances in immunology and molecular genetics have broadened our understanding of the pathophysiology of MCC and expanded our therapeutic arsenal...
December 8, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29213268/exploring-non-metabolic-functions-of-glycolytic-enzymes-in-immunity
#2
REVIEW
Scott M Seki, Alban Gaultier
At the beginning of the twentieth century, discoveries in cancer research began to elucidate the idiosyncratic metabolic proclivities of tumor cells (1). Investigators postulated that revealing the distinct nutritional requirements of cells with unchecked growth potential would reveal targetable metabolic vulnerabilities by which their survival could be selectively curtailed. Soon thereafter, researchers in the field of immunology began drawing parallels between the metabolic characteristics of highly proliferative cancer cells and those of immune cells that respond to perceived threats to host physiology by invading tissues, clonally expanding, and generating vast amounts of pro-inflammatory effector molecules to provide the host with protection...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29211052/maternal-vaccination-immunization-of-sows-during-pregnancy-against-etec-infections
#3
REVIEW
Jose Matías, Melibea Berzosa, Yadira Pastor, Juan M Irache, Carlos Gamazo
The immunology of pregnancy is an evolving consequence of multiple reciprocal interactions between the maternal and the fetal-placental systems. The immune response must warrant the pregnancy outcome (including tolerance to paternal antigens), but at the same time, efficiently respond to pathogenic challenges. Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) strains are a major cause of illness and death in neonatal and recently weaned pigs. This review aims to give an overview of the current rationale on the maternal vaccination strategies for the protection of the newborn pig against ETEC...
December 6, 2017: Vaccines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29199961/airway-epithelium-plays-a-leading-role-in-the-complex-framework-underlying-respiratory-allergy
#4
REVIEW
J C López-Rodríguez, S Benedé, R Barderas, M Villalba, E Batanero
Airway epithelium is the cellular structure with the greatest surface exposed to a plethora of environmental airborne substances, including microorganisms, respiratory viruses, air pollutants, and allergens. In addition to being a protective physical barrier at the air-liquid interface, the airway epithelium acts as an effective chemical and immunological barrier that plays a crucial role in orchestrating the immune response in the lungs, by supporting the activation, recruitment, and mobilization of immune cells...
2017: Journal of Investigational Allergology & Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193353/gingival-crevicular-fluid-and-its-immune-mediators-in-the-proteomic-era
#5
REVIEW
Nagihan Bostanci, Georgios N Belibasakis
The discovery of biomarkers for periodontal disease requires an in-depth understanding of the molecular basis of the initiation and progression of the disease. The gingival crevicular fluid is a biological medium suitable for identifying and measuring such biomarkers because it can be easily and noninvasively sampled from the immediate vicinity of the affected tissues. An ever-expanding pool of gingival crevicular fluid proteins associated with periodontal health or disease has been catalogued over the years, particularly with the recent implementation of proteomic technologies...
November 30, 2017: Periodontology 2000
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29188386/the-shifting-paradigm-of-a-cure-for-type-1-diabetes-is-technology-replacing-immune-based-therapies
#6
Jeremy Pettus, Matthias Von Herrath
Nearly 50 years after the autoimmune nature of type 1 diabetes was discovered, no therapy has been approved to alter the course of the disease at any stage. However, during that same period, technology has been delivering tools to help patients achieve better glycemic control and reduce the burden of the disease. With the imminent arrival of fully automated artificial pancreas systems that will continue to improve control and quality of life, it appears that we are on the verge of a major technological breakthrough that will significantly impact diabetes care...
November 29, 2017: Acta Diabetologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29186859/peanuts-aflatoxins-and-undernutrition-in-children-in-sub-saharan-africa
#7
REVIEW
Innocent Mupunga, Pamella Mngqawa, David R Katerere
Peanuts (Arachis hypogaea) is an important and affordable source of protein in most of Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) and a popular commodity and raw material for peanut butter, paste and cooking oil. It is a popular ingredient for foods used at the point of weaning infants from mother's milk. It is at this critical point that childhood undernutrition occurs and the condition manifests as stunting, wasting and growth restriction and accounts for nearly half of all deaths in children under five years of age in SSA...
November 26, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29173165/running-head-chalcones-as-immunomodulatory-agents-exploring-promising-immunomodulatory-potential-of-natural-and-synthetic-1-3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one-analogs-a-review-of-mechanistic-insight
#8
Muhammad Hassan Safdar, Humna Hasan, Sajal Afzal, Zahid Hussain
BACKGROUND: The immune system is an intricate and coordinated nexus serving as a natural defense to preclude internal and external pathogenic insults. The deregulation in the natural balance of immunological functions, as a consequence of either over expression or under expression of immune cells may cause development of numerous immune disorders. Chalcone moieties (1,3-diphenyl-2-propen-1-one) have been well-documented as ideal lead compounds or precursors to design wide range of pharmacologically active agents to down-regulate various immune disorders...
November 23, 2017: Mini Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164804/biomaterials-and-advanced-technologies-for-hemostatic-management-of-bleeding
#9
REVIEW
DaShawn A Hickman, Christa L Pawlowski, Ujjal D S Sekhon, Joyann Marks, Anirban Sen Gupta
Bleeding complications arising from trauma, surgery, and as congenital, disease-associated, or drug-induced blood disorders can cause significant morbidities and mortalities in civilian and military populations. Therefore, stoppage of bleeding (hemostasis) is of paramount clinical significance in prophylactic, surgical, and emergency scenarios. For externally accessible injuries, a variety of natural and synthetic biomaterials have undergone robust research, leading to hemostatic technologies including glues, bandages, tamponades, tourniquets, dressings, and procoagulant powders...
November 22, 2017: Advanced Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163511/lactoferrin-in-a-context-of-inflammation-induced-pathology
#10
REVIEW
Marian L Kruzel, Michal Zimecki, Jeffrey K Actor
Much progress has been achieved to elucidate the function of lactoferrin (LTF), an iron-binding glycoprotein, in the milieu of immune functionality. This review represents a unique examination of LTF toward its importance in physiologic homeostasis as related to development of disease-associated pathology. The immunomodulatory nature of this protein derives from its unique ability to "sense" the immune activation status of an organism and act accordingly. Underlying mechanisms are proposed whereby LTF controls disease states, thereby pinpointing regions of entry for LTF in maintenance of various physiological pathways to limit the magnitude of tissue damage...
2017: Frontiers in Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159928/the-immunogenetics-of-neurological-disease
#11
REVIEW
Maneesh K Misra, Vincent Damotte, Jill A Hollenbach
Genes encoding antigen-presenting molecules within the human major histocompatibility complex (MHC) account for the highest component of genetic risk for many neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, myasthenia gravis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Myriad genetic, immunological and environmental factors may contribute to an individual's susceptibility to neurological disease. Here, we review and discuss the decades long research on the influence of genetic variation at the MHC locus and the role of immunogenetic killer cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) loci in neurological diseases, including multiple sclerosis, neuromyelitis optica, Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease, schizophrenia, myasthenia gravis and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis...
November 21, 2017: Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29154465/the-role-of-immunological-testing-and-intervention-in-reproductive-medicine-a-fertile-collaboration
#12
REVIEW
Syed B Ali, Yogesh Jeelall, Craig E Pennell, Roger Hart, Andrew McLean-Tooke, Michaela Lucas
Advances in reproductive medicine have significantly increased the success of fertility treatments. Nevertheless, some women experience recurrent implantation failure (RIF) after in-vitro fertilization (IVF) or recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL). Imbalances in the immune system and failure to achieve immune tolerance to the foetus have been implicated as potentially modifiable causes of idiopathic RIF and RPL. As such, women are increasingly being treated with immunomodulatory agents in an attempt to achieve a successful pregnancy...
November 20, 2017: American Journal of Reproductive Immunology: AJRI
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140757/new-insights-into-lymphoma-pathogenesis
#13
Kojo S J Elenitoba-Johnson, Megan S Lim
Lymphomas represent clonal proliferations of lymphocytes that are broadly classified based upon their maturity (peripheral or mature versus precursor) and lineage (B cell, T cell, and natural killer cell). Insights into the pathogenetic mechanisms involved in lymphoma impact the classification of lymphoma and have significant implications for the diagnosis and clinical management of patients. Serial scientific and technologic advances over the last 30 years in immunology, cytogenetics, molecular biology, gene expression profiling, mass spectrometry-based proteomics, and, more recently, next-generation sequencing have contributed to greatly enhance our understanding of the pathogenetic mechanisms in lymphoma...
November 15, 2017: Annual Review of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29135830/tissue-resident-lymphocytes-in-solid-organ-transplantation-innocent-passengers-or-the-key-to-organ-transplant-survival
#14
Amy C Prosser, Axel Kallies, Michaela Lucas
Short-term outcomes of solid organ transplantation have improved dramatically over the past several decades; however, long-term survival has remained static over the same time period, and chronic rejection remains a major cause of graft failure. The importance of donor, or 'passenger', lymphocytes to the induction of tolerance to allografts was recognized in the 1990s; however, their precise contribution to graft acceptance or rejection has not been elucidated. Recently, specialized populations of tissue-resident lymphocytes in nonlymphoid organs have been described...
November 14, 2017: Transplantation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29123668/nanoehs-beyond-toxicity-focusing-on-biocorona
#15
Sijie Lin, Monika Mortimer, Ran Chen, Aleksandr Kakinen, Jim E Riviere, Thomas P Davis, Feng Ding, Pu Chun Ke
The first phase of environmental health and safety of nanomaterials (nanoEHS) studies has been mainly focused on evidence-based investigations that probe the impact of nanoparticles, nanomaterials and nano-enabled products on biological and ecological systems. The integration of multiple disciplines, including colloidal science, nanomaterial science, chemistry, toxicology/immunology and environmental science, is necessary to understand the implications of nanotechnology for both human health and the environment...
July 1, 2017: Environmental Science. Nano
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29113525/biological-mechanisms-underlying-the-clinical-effects-of-allergen-specific-immunotherapy-in-asthmatic-children
#16
Corrado Pelaia, Alessandro Vatrella, Nicola Lombardo, Rosa Terracciano, Paolo Navalesi, Rocco Savino, Girolamo Pelaia
Allergen-specific immunotherapy (AIT) is indicated for patients with allergic asthma and/or allergic rhinitis, and can be implemented by either subcutaneous injection (SCIT) or sublingual administration (SLIT). AIT reduces asthma symptoms, lowers the use of pharmacologic controller therapy, and decreases the need for rescue medications. SLIT appears to be safer than SCIT, but SCIT seems to be more efficacious and acts earlier in allergic asthmatic children. Areas covered: This review looks at the pathobiology of allergic asthma as well as the role of regulatory T and B cells in allergen tolerance...
November 8, 2017: Expert Opinion on Biological Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29110743/rosmarinic-acid-modes-of-action-medicinal-values-and-health-benefits
#17
Mahmoud Alagawany, Mohamed Ezzat Abd El-Hack, Mayada Ragab Farag, Marappan Gopi, Kumaragurubaran Karthik, Yashpal Singh Malik, Kuldeep Dhama
The supplementation of livestock rations with herbs containing bioactive components, such as rosmarinic acid (RA), have shown promising results as a natural feed additive in promoting growth, productive and reproductive performance, feed utilization, fertility, anti-oxidant status and immunologic indices. Furthermore, RA reportedly reduces the risks of various animal diseases and mitigates side effects of chemical and synthetic drugs. RA is a natural polyphenol present in several Lamiaceae herbs like Perilla frutescens, and RA is becoming an integral component of animal nutrition as it counters the effect of reactive oxygen species induced in the body as a consequence of different kinds of stressors...
November 7, 2017: Animal Health Research Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29109964/immunotherapy-as-a-promising-treatment-for-prostate-cancer-a-systematic-review
#18
REVIEW
Marlena Janiczek, Łukasz Szylberg, Anna Kasperska, Adam Kowalewski, Martyna Parol, Paulina Antosik, Barbara Radecka, Andrzej Marszałek
Prostate cancer treatment is currently based on surgical removal, radiotherapy, and hormone therapy. In recent years, another therapeutic method has emerged-immunological treatment. Immunotherapy modulates and strengthens one's immune responses against cancer. Neoplastic cells naturally escape from the control of the immune system, and the main goal of immune therapy is to bring the control back. Satisfying outcomes after treatment of advanced melanoma and lung cancer suggest a great potential of immunotherapy as an approach for other tumors' treatment, especially in patients primarily introduced to palliative care...
2017: Journal of Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056696/atopic-dermatitis-in-animals-and-people-an-update-and-comparative-review
#19
REVIEW
Rosanna Marsella, Anna De Benedetto
Atopic dermatitis is an extremely common, pruritic, and frustrating disease to treat in both people and animals. Atopic dermatitis is multifactorial and results from complex interactions between genetic and environmental factors. Much progress has been done in recent years in terms of understanding the complex pathogenesis of this clinical syndrome and the identification of new treatments. As we learn more about it, we appreciate the striking similarities that exist in the clinical manifestations of this disease across species...
July 26, 2017: Veterinary Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29055153/defining-the-actinic-keratosis-field-a-literature-review-and-discussion
#20
REVIEW
I Figueras Nart, R Cerio, T Dirschka, B Dréno, J T Lear, G Pellacani, K Peris, A Ruiz de Casas
BACKGROUND: Despite the chronic and increasingly prevalent nature of actinic keratosis (AK) and existing evidence supporting assessment of the entire cancerization field during clinical management, a standardized definition of the AK field to aid in the understanding and characterization of the disease is lacking. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this review is to present and appraise the available evidence describing the AK cancerization field, with the aim of determining a precise definition of the AK field in terms of its molecular (including genetic and immunological), histological, and clinical characteristics...
October 21, 2017: Journal of the European Academy of Dermatology and Venereology: JEADV
keyword
keyword
88313
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"