keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Nature review immunology

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710890/food-allergy-phenotypes-the-key-to-personalized-therapy
#1
Antoine Deschildre, Stéphanie Lejeune, Mélanie Cap, Sophie Flammarion, Line Jouannic, Flore Amat, Jocelyne Just
Food allergies (FAs) are of increasing public health concern and are characterized by a large spectrum of diseases. Their diversity is well known for immunologic pathways (IgE, non-IgE mediated FAs), and natural history. Many other factors and patient characteristics are involved including type of food, exposure route, allergic comorbidities, gender, racial and ethnic backgrounds, co-factors and health conditions. Food allergen components and sensitization profiles are also involved in FA phenotypes. A new approach to chronic disorders based on the identification of phenotypes through extensive knowledge of all the complex components is also applicable to FAs and could lead towards integrative care management...
July 15, 2017: Clinical and Experimental Allergy: Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28700967/eosinophilic-granuloma-at-the-cerebellopontine-angle-in-an-adult-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#2
Arash Safarian, Nima Derakhshan, Mousa Taghipour, Amirreza Dehghanian
INTRODUCTION: Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH) is a rare immunologic disorder, identified by immature proliferation of histiocytes which may present as systemic or focal lesions. Eosinophilic granuloma (EG) is localized from of LCH mainly involving bones such as skull, femur, spine, ribs, mandible and pelvis. Cerebello-pontine (CP) angle is a rare anatomic location for involvement by EG. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A 32 year old man was being evaluated in our neuro-oncology clinic due to diplopia since 4 months ago...
June 29, 2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28699536/supramolecular-self-assembled-nanogels-a-new-platform-for-anticancer-drug-delivery
#3
Jaleh Varshosaz, Somayeh Taymouri, Erfaneh Ghassami
Polymer micellar nanogels are a group of core-shell polymeric micelles with swelling properties in aqueous media. Nanogel systems have proven their potential in controlled, sustained and targetable drug delivery area with no immunological responses. This review includes a comprehensive wide range of self-assembly of polymeric nanogels as delivery systems for anticancer drugs. Nanogels are nanoparticulate drug delivery systems which are specially designed for enhanced target oriented and cellular uptake of drugs with emphasis on chemotherapeutic agents studied in this review...
July 10, 2017: Current Pharmaceutical Design
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28696328/of-mice-dirty-mice-and-men-using-mice-to-understand-human-immunology
#4
REVIEW
David Masopust, Christine P Sivula, Stephen C Jameson
Mouse models have enabled breakthroughs in our understanding of the immune system, but it has become increasingly popular to emphasize their shortcomings when translating observations to humans. This review provides a brief summary of mouse natural history, husbandry, and the pros and cons of pursuing basic research in mice versus humans. Opportunities are discussed for extending the predictive translational value of mouse research, with an emphasis on exploitation of a "dirty" mouse model that better mimics the diverse infectious history that is typical of most humans...
July 15, 2017: Journal of Immunology: Official Journal of the American Association of Immunologists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28684909/nanoparticle-allergen-complexes-for-allergen-immunotherapy
#5
REVIEW
Gabriella Di Felice, Paolo Colombo
Allergen-specific immunotherapy was introduced in clinical settings more than 100 years ago. It remains the only curative approach to treating allergic disorders that ameliorates symptoms, reduces medication costs, and blocks the onset of new sensitizations. Despite this clinical evidence and knowledge of some immunological mechanisms, there remain some open questions regarding the safety and efficacy of this treatment. This suggests the need for novel therapeutic approaches that attempt to reduce the dose and frequency of treatment administration, improving patient compliance, and reducing costs...
2017: International Journal of Nanomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28681702/wound-healing-time-to-look-for-intelligent-natural-immunological-approaches
#6
Olivier Garraud, Wael N Hozzein, Gamal Badr
There is now good evidence that cytokines and growth factors are key factors in tissue repair and often exert anti-infective activities. However, engineering such factors for global use, even in the most remote places, is not realistic. Instead, we propose to examine how such factors work and to evaluate the reparative tools generously provided by 'nature.' We used two approaches to address these objectives. The first approach was to reappraise the internal capacity of the factors contributing the most to healing in the body, i...
June 21, 2017: BMC Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28663103/quantitative-imaging-approaches-to-study-the-car-immunological-synapse
#7
REVIEW
Malini Mukherjee, Emily M Mace, Alexandre F Carisey, Nabil Ahmed, Jordan S Orange
The lytic immunological synapse (IS) is a discrete structural entity formed after the ligation of specific activating receptors that leads to the destruction of a cancerous cell. The formation of an effector cell IS in cytotoxic T lymphocytes or natural killer cells is a hierarchical and stepwise rearrangement of structural and signaling components and targeted release of the contents of lytic granules. While recent advances in the generation and testing of cytotoxic lymphocytes expressing chimeric antigen receptors (CARs) has demonstrated their efficacy in the targeted lysis of tumor targets, the contribution and dynamics of IS components have not yet been extensively investigated in the context of engineered CAR cells...
June 26, 2017: Molecular Therapy: the Journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28658553/type-two-innate-lymphoid-cells-the-janus-cells-in-health-and-disease
#8
REVIEW
Hadi Maazi, Omid Akbari
Innate lymphoid cells are functionally diverse subsets of immune cells including the conventional natural killer cells, lymphoid tissue inducers, type 1, 2, and 3 with significant roles in immunity and pathogenesis of inflammatory diseases. Type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) resemble type 2 helper (Th2) cells in cytokine production and contribute to anti-helminth immunity, maintaining mucosal tissue integrity, and adipose tissue browning. ILC2s play important roles in the pathogenesis of allergic diseases and asthma...
July 2017: Immunological Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28648617/a-perspective-on-the-structural-and-functional-constraints-for-immune-evasion-insights-from-influenza-virus
#9
REVIEW
Nicholas C Wu, Ian A Wilson
Influenza virus evolves rapidly to constantly escape from natural immunity. Most humoral immune responses to influenza virus target the hemagglutinin (HA) glycoprotein, which is the major antigen on the surface of the virus. The HA is composed of a globular head domain for receptor binding and a stem domain for membrane fusion. The major antigenic sites of HA are located in the globular head subdomain, which is highly tolerant of amino acid substitutions and continual addition of glycosylation sites. Nonetheless, the evolution of the receptor-binding site and the stem region on HA is severely constrained by their functional roles in engaging the host receptor and in mediating membrane fusion, respectively...
June 23, 2017: Journal of Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647398/immune-modulatory-effects-of-syncytiotrophoblast-extracellular-vesicles-in-pregnancy-and-preeclampsia
#10
Claudia Göhner, Torsten Plösch, Marijke M Faas
Unique immunologic adaptations exist to successfully establish and maintain pregnancy and to avoid an immune attack against the semi allogenic fetus. These adaptations occur both locally at the maternofetal interface and in the peripheral circulation and affect the innate as well as the adaptive immune system. Pregnancy is characterized by a general inflammatory state with activation of monocytes and granulocytes, but also with suppressive lymphocytes (regulatory T cells), and skewing towards T helper 2 immunity...
June 7, 2017: Placenta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644756/immunological-effects-of-hypomethylating-agents
#11
Katherine E Lindblad, Meghali Goswami, Christopher S Hourigan, Karolyn A Oetjen
Epigenetic changes resulting from aberrant methylation patterns are a recurrent observation in hematologic malignancies. Hypomethylating agents have a well-established role in the management of patients with high-risk myelodysplastic syndrome or acute myeloid leukemia. In addition to the direct effects of hypomethylating agents on cancer cells, there are several lines of evidence indicating a role for immune-mediated anti-tumor benefits from hypomethylating therapy. Areas Covered: We reviewed the clinical and basic science literature for the effects of hypomethylating agents, including the most commonly utilized therapeutics azacitidine and decitabine, on immune cell subsets...
June 23, 2017: Expert Review of Hematology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637681/two-tales-of-cytauxzoon-felis-infections-in-domestic-cats
#12
REVIEW
Jin-Lei Wang, Ting-Ting Li, Guo-Hua Liu, Xing-Quan Zhu, Chaoqun Yao
Cytauxzoonosis is an emerging infectious disease that affects wild felids as well as the domestic cat; it is caused by the apicomplexan protozoan parasites belonging to the genus Cytauxzoon. Cytauxzoonfelis is the species of major concern, whose transmission occurs via the bite of an infected tick. Cytauxzoonosis of the domestic cat has historically been considered uniformly fatal, with a short course of illness, and most domestic cats die within 9 to 15 days postinfection. However, increasing evidence of domestic cats surviving C...
October 2017: Clinical Microbiology Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28635055/melanoma-complicating-treatment-with-natalizumab-for-multiple-sclerosis-a-report-from-the-southern-network-on-adverse-reactions-sonar
#13
Rachel A Sabol, Virginia Noxon, Oliver Sartor, Joseph R Berger, Zaina Qureshi, Dennis W Raisch, LeAnn B Norris, Paul R Yarnold, Peter Georgantopoulos, William J Hrushesky, Laura Bobolts, Paul Ray, Akida Lebby, Robert C Kane, Charles L Bennett
A 43-year-old female with multiple sclerosis developed urethral melanoma. The only potential risk factor was treatment with natalizumab, a humanized monoclonal antibody against α4 integrins. To investigate the risk-exposure relationship, we reviewed this case, all other published cases, and cases of natalizumab-associated melanoma reported to regulatory agencies. Data sources included the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) Adverse Event Reporting System (FAERS) (2004-2014), a FDA Advisory Committee Meeting Report, and peer-reviewed publications...
July 2017: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629381/the-era-of-bioengineering-how-will-this-affect-the-next-generation-of-cancer-immunotherapy
#14
REVIEW
Michele Graciotti, Cristiana Berti, Harm-Anton Klok, Lana Kandalaft
BACKGROUND: Immunotherapy consists of activating the patient's immune system to fight cancer and has the great potential of preventing future relapses thanks to immunological memory. A great variety of strategies have emerged to harness the immune system against tumors, from the administration of immunomodulatory agents that activate immune cells, to therapeutic vaccines or infusion of previously activated cancer-specific T cells. However, despite great recent progress many difficulties still remain, which prevent the widespread use of immunotherapy...
June 19, 2017: Journal of Translational Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619429/vitamin-d-and-multiple-sclerosis-an-update
#15
REVIEW
Charles Pierrot-Deseilligny, Jean-Claude Souberbielle
The most recent findings linking exposure to sun and vitamin D insufficiency to multiple sclerosis (MS) are reviewed. Due to insufficient sunshine and changing lifestyles, hypovitaminosis D is widespread in temperate countries. Numerous epidemiological studies have strongly suggested that sunshine and vitamin D insufficiency contributes to MS risk in these countries. Moreover, several large genetic studies in MS patients have recently stated unequivocally that diverse abnormalities involving vitamin D metabolism are related to the risk of the disease...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612839/citrobacter-rodentium-a-model-enteropathogen-for-understanding-the-interplay-of-innate-and-adaptive-components-of-type-3-immunity
#16
REVIEW
D J Silberger, C L Zindl, C T Weaver
Citrobacter rodentium is a natural murine intestinal pathogen that shares a core set of virulence factors with the related human pathogens enteropathogenic Escherichia coli (EPEC) and enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC). C. rodentium is now the most widely used small animal model for studying the molecular underpinnings of EPEC and EHEC infections in vivo, including: enterocyte attachment; virulence; colonization resistance; and mucosal immunity. In this review, we discuss type 3 immunity in the context of C. rodentium infection and discuss recent publications that use this model to understand how the innate and adaptive components of immunity intersect to mediate host protection against enteric pathogens and maintain homeostasis with the microbiota...
June 14, 2017: Mucosal Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602429/unusual-presentation-of-foreign-body-granuloma-of-the-foot-after-sharp-injury-mimicking-a-malignant-lesion-a-case-report
#17
Narendran Pushpasekaran, Manoharan Muthulingam, Chandrasekaran Marimuthu, Rajan Babu, Naveen Kumar Rajapalani Kumar
Foot foreign body granulomas can mimic malignancies, especially when the history and unusual location pose a diagnostic dilemma. We report the case of a 33-year-old male with delayed-onset progressive swelling over the foot dorsum after a sharp injury through the plantar aspect of the foot. The unusual presentation and radiolucency warranted further radiologic evaluation, which revealed a benign foot swelling. An excision biopsy and histopathologic examination revealed a rubber body granuloma. No recurrence of the granuloma was noted during the 11-month follow-up period after removal of the offending agent...
June 8, 2017: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Publication of the American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28584368/pathophysiology-of-autoimmune-bullous-diseases-nature-versus-nurture
#18
Forum Patel, Reason Wilken, Falin B Patel, Hawa Sultani, Itzel Bustos, Christopher Duong, John J Zone, Siba P Raychaudhuri, Emanual Maverakis
Pemphigus and pemphigoid are the prototypical immunobullous diseases. Although it has been well established that they are caused by deposition of autoreactive antibodies directed against adherence proteins within the skin, the specific genetic and environmental factors leading to development of these diseases continue to be an area of investigation. Herein, we discuss several of the potential environmental triggers that may induce patients to develop immunobullous diseases including medications, viral infections, UV exposure or other radiation injury and dietary factors...
May 2017: Indian Journal of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578595/thymic-hyperplasia-associated-with-graves-disease-pathophysiology-and-proposed-management-algorithm
#19
Uzma Haider, Patrick Richards, Andrew G Gianoukakis
BACKGROUND: The association between Graves' disease (GD) and thymic hyperplasia (TH) was first described in 1912 and has been reported numerous times thereafter. TH associated with GD presents as an incidental mediastinal mass on chest X-ray or computed tomography (CT). The pathogenesis of TH in the setting of GD is unclear but seems to involve a complex interplay of hormonal and immunological mechanisms. SUMMARY: Here, the effect that thyroid hormones and autoimmunity have on thymic growth and size is reviewed...
July 7, 2017: Thyroid: Official Journal of the American Thyroid Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28569563/impact-of-early-enteral-nutrition-on-nutritional-and-immunological-outcomes-of-gastric-cancer-patients-undergoing-gastrostomy-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Zeinab Nikniaz, Mohammad Hossein Somi, Shahnaz Nagashi, Leila Nikniaz
OBJECTIVES: The present systematic review and meta-analysis study evaluated the impact of early enteral nutrition (EN) on postoperative nutritional and immunological outcomes of gastric cancer (GC) patients. METHOD: The databases of PubMed, Embase, Springer, and Cochrane library were searched till September 2016 to identify studies which evaluated the effects of EN compared with parenteral nutrition (PN) on postoperative immunological and nutritional status and hospitalization time in GC patients...
July 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
keyword
keyword
88313
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"