keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

enteral tube feeding

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924423/methods-of-enteral-nutrition-administration-in-critically-ill-patients-continuous-intermittent-cyclic-and-bolus-feeding
#1
REVIEW
Satomi Ichimaru
There are several methods of enteral nutrition (EN) administration, including continuous, cyclic, intermittent, and bolus techniques, which can be used either alone or in combination. Continuous feeding involves hourly administration of EN over 24 hours assisted by a feeding pump; cyclic feeding involves administration of EN over a time period of <24 hours generally assisted by a feeding pump; intermittent feeding involves administration of EN over 20-60 minutes every 4-6 hours via pump assist or gravity assist; and bolus feeding involves administration of EN over a 4- to 10-minute period using a syringe or gravity drip...
June 20, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924386/successful-identification-of-anatomical-markers-and-placement-of-feeding-tubes-in-critically-ill-patients-via-camera-assisted-technology-with-real-time-video-guidance
#2
Paul E Wischmeyer, Michelle M McMoon, Nathan H Waldron, Elizabeth J Dye
BACKGROUND: Enteral feeding via feeding tube (FT) provides essential nutrition support to critically ill patients or those who cannot intake adequate nutrition via the oral route. Unfortunately, 1%-2% of FTs placed blindly at bedside enter the airway undetected (as confirmed by x-ray), where they could result in adverse events. Misplaced FTs can cause complications including pneumothorax, vocal cord injury, bronchopleural fistula, pneumonia, and death. X-ray is typically performed to confirm FT placement before feeding, but may delay nutrition intake, may not universally identify misplacement, and adds cost and radiation exposure...
June 20, 2018: JPEN. Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924079/a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-on-outcomes-and-complications-of-percutaneous-endoscopic-versus-radiologic-gastrostomy-for-enteral-feeding
#3
Denise Strijbos, Daniel Keszthelyi, Roel M M Bogie, Lennard P L Gilissen, Martin Lacko, Janneke G J Hoeijmakers, Christiaan van der Leij, Rogier de Ridder, Michiel W de Haan, Ad A M Masclee
BACKGROUND: The optimal technique for long-term enteral feeding has not yet been established. Both percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) and percutaneous radiologic gastrostomy (PRG) are widely used. Aim was to extensively review outcomes of PEG and PRG. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A systematic review using Medline, Embase, and Cochrane was performed, using standardized tools for assessing bias. Main outcomes were infectious and tube-related complications, procedure related and 30-day mortality...
June 19, 2018: Journal of Clinical Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29915974/managing-a-positive-air-leak-test-during-a-gastrojejunostomy-revision
#4
Dvir Froylich, Matthew Davis, Gautam Sharma, Tammy Fouse, Philip Schauer, Stacy Brethauer
BACKGROUND: Gastrojejunostomy revision after gastric bypass surgery is a challenging procedure that requires advanced skills. The air-leak test was performed to identify gastrojejunostomy leaks. Omental patch seal technique is a well-known treatment of perforated gastrojejunostomy ulcers (Surg Obes Relat Dis 4:423-8, 2012; Surg Endosc 2:384-9, 2013; Surg Endosc 11:2110, 2007). METHODS: We present a case of a 40-year-old female, who underwent laparoscopic gastric bypass 6 years prior and subsequently developed marginal ulcer, resulting in chronic gastrojejunostomy stricture...
June 18, 2018: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29914737/measuring-gastric-residual-volumes-in-critically-ill-burn-patients-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
C H Pham, Z J Collier, W L Garner, C M Kuza, T J Gillenwater
PURPOSE: Measuring gastric residual volumes (GRV) is common in intensive care units (ICU) in patients receiving enteral nutrition (EN) and are a common source of feeding interruptions. Interruptions in EN yield adverse outcomes and are an area of improvement in burn care. The objectives of this study are to summarize the literature's ICU GRV practices and offer practical suggestions to GRV management in the burn patient. METHODS: PubMed, SCOPUS, and OvidSP Medline were systematically reviewed using the keywords: burns; thermal injury; gastric residual volume; enteral feeding; tube feeding; enteral nutrition; gastric intolerance; ICU; critical illness...
June 15, 2018: Burns: Journal of the International Society for Burn Injuries
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29908681/the-impact-of-early-enteral-nutrition-on-pediatric-acute-respiratory-failure
#6
Amanda Haney, Emily Burritt, Christopher J Babbitt
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Children who are critically ill undergo metabolic stress and it is important that they receive adequate calories and protein in order to recover. Our objective was to investigate the impact of early enteral nutrition (EEN) on pediatric intensive care (PICU) patients with acute respiratory failure. METHODS: A retrospective cohort study was performed on all patients admitted to a 20 bed PICU at a tertiary children's hospital over a 30 month period...
August 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891594/risk-factors-for-gastrointestinal-colonization-and-acquisition-of-carbapenem-resistant-gram-negative-bacteria-among-patients-in-intensive-care-units-in-thailand
#7
Anong Kiddee, Kanit Assawatheptawee, Anamai Na-Udom, Pornpit Treebupachatsakul, Apirath Wangteeraprasert, Timothy R Walsh, Pannika R Niumsup
This study was conducted to investigate the prevalence and risk factors for carbapenem-resistant Gram-negative Bacteria (CR-GNB) colonization and acquisition among patients admitted to Intensive Care Units (ICUs) in two tertiary care hospitals in Northern Thailand. Rectal swab screening for CR-GNB was performed on patients at ICU admission and discharge. Phenotypes and genotypes of all isolates were determined. Risk factors were analyzed by logistic regression analysis. Overall, carriage rates of CR-GNB at admission was 11...
June 11, 2018: Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891366/histopathological-effects-of-pedunsaponin-a-on-pomacea-canaliculata
#8
Chunping Yang, Yue Tian, Tianxing Lv, Xiaoli Chang, Min Zhang, Guoshu Gong, Liulan Zhao, Song Yang, Huabao Chen
Pedunsaponin A, a novel molluscicidal compound isolated from Pueraria peduncularis, exhibits strong toxicity against Pomacea canaliculata. To determine the mechanisms of Pedunsaponin A toxicity, its effects on the organs and hemocytes of P. canaliculata were examined in this study. The results showed that Pedunsaponin A had significant toxic effects on different organs of the snail, including the lungs, gills, mantle, siphon tube, ventricle, pericardial cavity, hepatopancreas, kidneys, and the major symptom of this toxicity was the loss of cilia in the lungs and gills...
June 2018: Pesticide Biochemistry and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871471/feeding-dysfunctions-and-failure-to-thrive-in-neonates-with-congenital-heart-diseases
#9
Giovanna Mangili, Elena Garzoli, Youcef Sadou
Congenital heart disease (CHD) is the most common neonatal congenital malformation. The variety and severity of clinical presentation depend on the cardiac structures involved and their functional impact. The management of newborns with CHD requires a multidisciplinary approach, in which the nutritional aspect plays an important role. An adequate caloric intake during either preand post-surgical period, in fact, improves the outcome of these patients. In addition, the failure to thrive of these children in childhood has been related to long-term cognitive delay (attention deficit disorders, aggressive behaviour and poor social and emotional development)...
May 23, 2018: La Pediatria Medica e Chirurgica: Medical and Surgical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29870082/dietary-fermentable-oligosaccharides-disaccharides-monosaccharides-and-polyols-fodmaps-and-gastrointestinal-disease
#10
REVIEW
Nimish Vakil
FODMAP is an acronym for fermentable oligosaccharides, disaccharides, monosaccharides, and polyols. Dietary modification of FODMAPs has been shown to have significant effects on the physiology of the gastrointestinal tract and improves symptoms of abdominal pain, distention, and bloating in patients with irritable bowel syndrome. Structured withdrawal and reintroduction of FODMAPs supervised by a dietitian is the optimal practice for dietary FODMAP modification in irritable bowel syndrome. FODMAPs are present in enteral feeding formulas and may have a role in diarrhea and bloating in tube-fed patients...
June 5, 2018: Nutrition in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868456/effect-of-honey-on-diarrhea-and-fecal-microbiotain-in-critically-ill-tube-fed-patients-a-single-center-randomized-controlled-study
#11
Zahra Vahdat Shariatpanahi, Fatemeh Jamshidi, Javad Nasrollahzadeh, Zohreh Amiri, Houman Teymourian
Background: In patients admitted to the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), Enteral Nutrition (EN) is the first choice for feeding support, however, it is often complicated by gastrointestinal side effects, such as diarrhea. There are no studies that have specifically evaluated effect of a prebiotic, which prevents diarrhea during enteral nutrition. Objective: This study aimed at evaluating the effect of honey in enteral diet during occurrence of diarrhea and fecal microbiotain in critically ill patients...
February 2018: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29860406/nutrition-therapy-in-esophageal-cancer-consensus-statement-of-the-gastroenterological-society-of-taiwan
#12
M-J Chen, I-C Wu, Y-J Chen, T-E Wang, Y-F Chang, C-L Yang, W-C Huang, W-K Chang, B-S Sheu, M-S Wu, J-T Lin, C-H Chu
A number of clinical guidelines on nutrition therapy in cancer patients have been published by national and international societies; however, most of the reviewed data focused on gastrointestinal cancer or non-cancerous abdominal surgery. To collate the corresponding data for esophageal cancer (EC), a consensus panel was convened to aid specialists from different disciplines, who are involved in the clinical nutrition care of EC patients. The literature was searched using MEDLINE, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, and the ISI Web of Knowledge...
May 31, 2018: Diseases of the Esophagus: Official Journal of the International Society for Diseases of the Esophagus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849580/erythromycin-for-promoting-the-postpyloric-placement-of-feeding-tubes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#13
REVIEW
Qing-Jun Jiang, Cai-Feng Jiang, Qi-Tong Chen, Jian Shi, Bin Shi
Background: Critically ill patients can benefit from enteral nutrition with postpyloric feeding tubes, but the low success rate limits its wide use. Erythromycin could elevate the success rate of tube insertion, but its clinical efficiency still remains controversial. Methods: Included studies must be RCTs which assessed the success rate of postpyloric feeding tube insertion using erythromycin. Results: 284 patients were enrolled in six studies...
2018: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29849255/gastric-outlet-obstruction-caused-by-foley-catheter-a-complication-when-substituting-for-commercial-gastrostomy-tubes
#14
Sawlar Vu, Amanda B Lewis, Brooks Moore
The technique of using percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) for long-term enteral feeding is well established and commonly used. While the technique is relatively safe and simple, the gastrostomy tube itself may deteriorate or malfunction, requiring a replacement tube. We present a case of a 58-year-old woman who was found to have gastric outlet obstruction from the inflated balloon of a Foley catheter being used as a replacement for her PEG tube. This case illustrates a potential complication of using a Foley catheter in place of commercially available gastrostomy tubes...
February 2018: Clinical practice and cases in emergency medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29843419/standard-polymeric-formula-tube-feeding-in-neurologically-impaired-children-a-five-year-retrospective-study
#15
Valeria Dipasquale, Maria Ausilia Catena, Sabrina Cardile, Claudio Romano
Malnutrition is frequent in neurologically impaired (NI) children. Enteral feeding via gastrostomy tube is increasingly being used to provide adequate nutrition. Our aim was to assess the outcomes of exclusive gastrostomy tube feeding with standard polymeric formula in children with NI, severe oro-motor dysfunction, and malnutrition, and to investigate the role of the underlying NI-associated disease. A five-year retrospective study from January 2013 to November 2017 was conducted. The primary aim was to assess the nutritional outcomes of exclusive gastrostomy tube feeding with standard polymeric formula in malnourished NI children...
May 28, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785713/outcomes-of-oesophageal-self-dilation-for-patients-with-refractory-benign-oesophageal-strictures
#16
Y Qin, D B Sunjaya, S Myburgh, T Sawas, D A Katzka, J A Alexander, M Halland
BACKGROUND: Current management of refractory benign oesophageal strictures with endoscopic dilations and stenting leads to resolution of dysphagia in only 30% of patients. Oesophageal self-dilation may be an alternative. AIM: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of oesophageal self-dilation at a tertiary referral centre. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of patients with refractory benign oesophageal strictures who participated in oesophageal self-dilation at Mayo Clinic (Rochester, MN, USA) between 2003 and 2017...
May 21, 2018: Alimentary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779822/associations-of-hyperosmolar-medications-administered-via-nasogastric-or-nasoduodenal-tubes-and-feeding-adequacy-food-intolerance-and-gastrointestinal-complications-amongst-critically-ill-patients-a-retrospective-study
#17
Evertine Wesselink, Kristine W A C Koekkoek, Martijn Looijen, Dick A van Blokland, Renger F Witkamp, Arthur R H van Zanten
BACKGROUND: Adequate nutrition is essential during critical illness. However, providing adequate nutrition is often hindered by gastro-intestinal complications, including feeding intolerance. It is suggested that hyperosmolar medications could be causally involved in the development of gastro-intestinal complications. The aims of the present study were 1) to determine the osmolality of common enterally administered dissolved medications and 2) to study the associations between nasogastric and nasoduodenal administered hyperosmolar medications and nutritional adequacy as well as food intolerance and gastro-intestinal symptoms...
June 2018: Clinical Nutrition ESPEN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762316/nasoenteric-feeding-discharge-planning-for-cancer-patients-in-a-brazilian-teaching-hospital-a-best-practice-implementation-project
#18
Vanessa de Brito Poveda, Adriana Marques da Silva, Aline Cordeiro Toyama, Jomana Andrade da Silva, Gilcéria Tochika Shimoda, Vilanice Alves de Araújo Püschel
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this project was to improve local practice in nasoenteric feeding discharge planning for cancer patients in a cancer teaching hospital in São Paulo, Brazil. INTRODUCTION: Nasoenteric tubes are commonly used for enteral nutrition in patients with cancer for over seven days during their recovery and this may be continued at home, with clear benefits. RESULTS: Baseline audit results indicated poor compliance (between 0% and 22%) with the current evidence, although good compliance (100%) was observed for three audit criteria...
May 2018: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29761152/the-challenging-acute-buried-bumper-syndrome-a-case-report
#19
Juliana Pinho, Diogo Libânio, Pedro Pimentel-Nunes, Mário Dinis-Ribeiro
Percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is the preferred route of feeding and nutritional support in patients requiring long-term enteral nutrition. Major complications related to the procedure are rare. Buried bumper syndrome is a late major complication, occurring in 0.3-2.4% of patients. Although considered a late complication, it can rarely occur in an acute setting early after the procedure. We present the case of an early buried bumper syndrome, presenting 1 week after PEG tube placement, with local stoma infection associated with an infected cavity within the abdominal wall with feeding content, successfully managed with antibiotic therapy and PEG tube repositioning through the original track...
April 2018: GE Portuguese Journal of Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759596/implementing-an-educational-program-to-improve-critical-care-nurses-enteral-nutritional-support
#20
Hyunjung Kim, Sun Ju Chang
BACKGROUND: Although international nutrition societies recommend enteral nutrition guidelines for patients in intensive care units (ICUs), large gaps exist between these recommendations and actual clinical practice. Education programs designed to improve nurses' knowledge about enteral nutrition are therefore required. In Korea, there are no educational intervention studies about evidence-based guidelines of enteral nutrition for critically ill patients. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to evaluate the effects of an education program to improve critical care nurses' perceptions, knowledge, and practices towards providing enteral nutritional support for ICU patients...
May 11, 2018: Australian Critical Care: Official Journal of the Confederation of Australian Critical Care Nurses
keyword
keyword
88307
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"