keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

disease update

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928786/antitumor-perspectives-of-oleuropein-and-its-metabolite-hydroxytyrosol-recent-updates
#1
REVIEW
Muhammad Imran, Muhammad Nadeem, Syed Amir Gilani, Shaista Khan, Muhammad Wasim Sajid, Rai Muhammad Amir
Olive fruit is a significant and promising source of potential bioactive compounds such as oleuropein and hydroxytyrosol. Oleuropein is the ester of elenolic acid and 3,4-dihydroxyphenyl ethanol (HT). It is the main glycoside in olives, the degradation of which results in the formation of hydroxytyrosol in olive oil. Both plays a significant role in the reduction of coronary heart diseases and a certain type of cancers. Both olive oil phenols have an effective role counter to cell proliferation, cell growth, migration, invasion, and angiogenesis...
June 21, 2018: Journal of Food Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928520/can-muscle-protein-metabolism-be-specifically-targeted-by-nutritional-support-and-exercise-training-in-chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease
#2
REVIEW
Ramzi Lakhdar, Roberto A Rabinovich
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) associates with several extra-pulmonary effects. Muscle dysfunction and wasting is one of the most prominent extra-pulmonary effects and contributes to exercise limitation and health related quality of life (HRQoL), morbidity as well as mortality. The loss of muscle mass is characterised by an impaired balance between protein synthesis (anabolism) and protein breakdown (catabolism) which relates to nutritional disturbances, muscle disuse and the presence of a systemic inflammation, among other factors...
May 2018: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29928160/update-on-new-drugs-and-those-in-development-for-the-treatment-of-primary-biliary-cholangitis
#3
Runalia Bahar, Kimberly A Wong, Chung H Liu, Christopher L Bowlus
Primary biliary cholangitis (PBC) is an autoimmune inflammatory liver disease of the interlobular bile ducts that can lead to cirrhosis and liver failure. Until recently, the only effective treatment was ursodeoxycholic acid (UDCA). However, up to 40% of PBC patients have an inadequate response to UDCA and may continue to have disease progression. Several models have been developed, including the UK-PBC and GLOBE scores, to assist in identifying patients who may benefit from second-line therapies, such as the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) agonist obeticholic acid (OCA)...
March 2018: Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29927075/efficacy-of-postoperative-adjuvant-chemotherapy-for-esophageal-squamous-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis
#4
Peiliang Zhao, Wanpu Yan, Hao Fu, Yao Lin, Ke-Neng Chen
BACKGROUND: Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC) is the predominant type of esophageal cancer and most clinically curable patients are diagnosed with locally advanced disease. While the efficacy of preoperative treatment is relatively clear and well characterized, the effect of postoperative treatment, especially postoperative chemotherapy, remains controversial, and its role in the treatment strategy is obscure. We conducted an updated meta-analysis to include recent developments...
June 21, 2018: Thoracic Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926946/a-new-classification-scheme-for-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions-introduction-and-key-changes-from-the-1999-classification
#5
Jack G Caton, Gary Armitage, Tord Berglundh, Iain L C Chapple, Søren Jepsen, Kenneth S Kornman, Brian L Mealey, Panos N Papapanou, Mariano Sanz, Maurizio S Tonetti
A classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions is necessary for clinicians to properly diagnose and treat patients as well as for scientists to investigate etiology, pathogenesis, natural history, and treatment of the diseases and conditions. This paper summarizes the proceedings of the World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases and Conditions. The workshop was co-sponsored by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and included expert participants from all over the world...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926943/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#6
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926565/-update-on-myocarditis
#7
M Moonen, P Lancellotti
Myocarditis is an illness characterized by myocardial infiltration with inflammatory cells and non-ischemic myocytic necrosis. The clinical presentation of myocarditis varies widely and diagnosis is sometimes difficult to establish. The current incidence of myocarditis is also difficult to determine as endomyocardial biopsy, the diagnostic gold standard, is unfrequently used, or even not justified. The leading causes are infections, immune-mediated injury and toxins. Prognosis is most often good but, in some patients, the disease can be fulminant with progression to cardiogenic shock, or occurrence of sudden cardiac death...
May 2018: Revue Médicale de Liège
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926500/periodontal-manifestations-of-systemic-diseases-and-developmental-and-acquired-conditions-consensus-report-of-workgroup-3-of-the-2017-world-workshop-on-the-classification-of-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions
#8
Søren Jepsen, Jack G Caton, Jasim M Albandar, Nabil F Bissada, Philippe Bouchard, Pierpaolo Cortellini, Korkud Demirel, Massimo de Sanctis, Carlo Ercoli, Jingyuan Fan, Nicolaas C Geurs, Francis J Hughes, Lijian Jin, Alpdogan Kantarci, Evanthia Lalla, Phoebus N Madianos, Debora Matthews, Michael K McGuire, Michael P Mills, Philip M Preshaw, Mark A Reynolds, Anton Sculean, Cristiano Susin, Nicola X West, Kazuhisa Yamazaki
BACKGROUND: A variety of systemic diseases and conditions can affect the course of periodontitis or have a negative impact on the periodontal attachment apparatus. Gingival recessions are highly prevalent and often associated with hypersensitivity, the development of caries and non-carious cervical lesions on the exposed root surface and impaired esthetics. Occlusal forces can result in injury of teeth and periodontal attachment apparatus. Several developmental or acquired conditions associated with teeth or prostheses may predispose to diseases of the periodontium...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926489/a-new-classification-scheme-for-periodontal-and-peri-implant-diseases-and-conditions-introduction-and-key-changes-from-the-1999-classification
#9
Jack G Caton, Gary Armitage, Tord Berglundh, Iain L C Chapple, Søren Jepsen, Kenneth S Kornman, Brian L Mealey, Panos N Papapanou, Mariano Sanz, Maurizio S Tonetti
A classification scheme for periodontal and peri-implant diseases and conditions is necessary for clinicians to properly diagnose and treat patients as well as for scientists to investigate etiology, pathogenesis, natural history, and treatment of the diseases and conditions. This paper summarizes the proceedings of the World Workshop on the Classification of Periodontal and Peri-implant Diseases and Conditions. The workshop was co-sponsored by the American Academy of Periodontology (AAP) and the European Federation of Periodontology (EFP) and included expert participants from all over the world...
June 2018: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926475/workplace-interventions-for-reducing-sitting-at-work
#10
REVIEW
Nipun Shrestha, Katriina T Kukkonen-Harjula, Jos H Verbeek, Sharea Ijaz, Veerle Hermans, Zeljko Pedisic
BACKGROUND: A large number of people are employed in sedentary occupations. Physical inactivity and excessive sitting at workplaces have been linked to increased risk of cardiovascular disease, obesity, and all-cause mortality. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effectiveness of workplace interventions to reduce sitting at work compared to no intervention or alternative interventions. SEARCH METHODS: We searched the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), MEDLINE, Embase, CINAHL, OSH UPDATE, PsycINFO, ClinicalTrials...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29926473/nurse-led-versus-doctor-led-care-for-bronchiectasis
#11
REVIEW
Kathryn Lawton, Karen Royals, Kristin V Carson-Chahhoud, Fiona Campbell, Brian J Smith
BACKGROUND: Specialist nursing roles to manage stable disease populations are being used to meet the needs of both patients and health services. With increasing cost pressures on health departments, alternative models such as nurse-led care are gaining momentum as a substitute for traditional doctor-led care. This review evaluates the safety, effectiveness, and health outcomes of nurses practising in autonomous roles while using advanced practice skills, within the context of bronchiectasis management in subacute, ambulatory, and/or community care...
June 20, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29925065/impact-of-laparoscopic-repair-of-large-hiatus-hernia-on-quality-of-life-observational-cohort-study
#12
Stefano Siboni, Emanuele Asti, Pamela Milito, Gianluca Bonitta, Andrea Sironi, Alberto Aiolfi, Luigi Bonavina
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic surgery has proven safe and effective in the treatment of large hiatus hernia. Differences may exist between objectively assessed surgical outcomes, symptomatic scores, and patient-reported outcomes. METHODS: An observational, single-arm cohort study was conducted in patients undergoing primary laparoscopic repair with crura mesh augmentation and Toupet fundoplication for large (> 50% of intrathoracic stomach) type III-IV hiatus hernia...
June 20, 2018: Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924455/igg4-related-disease-review-of-the-histopathologic-features-differential-diagnosis-and-therapeutic-approach
#13
REVIEW
Jacob R Bledsoe, Emanuel Della-Torre, Lucrezia Rovati, Vikram Deshpande
Immunoglobulin G4-related disease (IgG4-RD) is an uncommon disorder that demonstrates characteristic clinicopathologic features including sclerosing lesions with storiform fibrosis, increased IgG4+ plasma cells with an increased IgG4+/IgG+ plasma cell ratio, obliterative phlebitis, and often an increased serum IgG4 level. This review summarizes the characteristic histopathologic and clinical features of IgG4-RD with detailed discussion of the histopathologic characteristics of the most commonly involved anatomic sites...
June 2018: APMIS: Acta Pathologica, Microbiologica, et Immunologica Scandinavica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29924299/the-rasopathy-family-consequences-of-germline-activation-of-the-ras-mapk-pathway
#14
Mylène Tajan, Romain Paccoud, Sophie Branka, Thomas Edouard, Armelle Yart
Noonan syndrome (NS; Mendelian Inheritance in Men (MIM) ♯163950) and related syndromes (Noonan syndrome with multiple lentigines (NS-ML, formerly called LEOPARD syndrome; MIM ♯151100), Noonan-like syndrome with loose anagen hair (NS-LAH; MIM ♯607721), Costello syndrome (CS; MIM ♯218040), Cardio-Facio-Cutaneous syndrome (CFCS; MIM ♯115150), type I Neurofibromatosis (NF1; MIM ♯162200), and Legius syndrome (LS; MIM ♯611431)) are a group of related genetic disorders, associating distinctive facial features, cardiopathies, growth and skeletal abnormalities, developmental delay/mental retardation, and tumor predisposition...
June 18, 2018: Endocrine Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923966/efficacy-and-safety-of-immunosuppressive-agents-for-thyroid-eye-disease
#15
Diego Strianese
PURPOSE: To present an update on the efficacy and safety of immunosuppressive therapy for thyroid eye disease (TED) and to offer a general recommendation for management of TED, in light of these reports. METHODS: Data were retrieved from a literature search on PubMed, using the following words: thyroid eye disease, immunosuppressant, corticosteroid, methotrexate, azathioprine, cyclosporine, cyclophosphamide, rituximab, etanercept, adalimumab, tocilizumab, teprotumumab, adverse effects, side effects, and complications...
June 18, 2018: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923609/mini-review-update-on-the-genetics-of-schizophrenia
#16
REVIEW
Leda Coelewij, David Curtis
A number of important findings have recently emerged relevant to identifying genetic risk factors for schizophrenia. Findings using common variants point towards gene sets of interest and also demonstrate an overlap with other psychiatric and nonpsychiatric disorders. Imputation of variants of the gene for complement component 4 (C4) from GWAS data has shown that the predicted expression of the C4A product is associated with schizophrenia risk. Very rare variants disrupting SETD1A, RBM12 or NRXN1 have a large effect on risk...
June 20, 2018: Annals of Human Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923430/updates-in-the-field-of-autoimmune-pancreatitis-a-clinical-guide
#17
Nicolò de Pretis, Antonio Amodio, Luca Frulloni
Autoimmune Pancreatitis (AIP) is a peculiar form of pancreatitis different from all other type of pancreatitis ("one like no one pancreatitis") and characterized by a dramatic response to steroids. AIP can be classified histologically in type 1, included in a larger group of diseases named IgG4-related disease, and type 2. At imaging, AIP may involve all (diffuse form) or only a part (focal form) of the pancreatic gland. Areas covered: In this article, the clinical approach to diagnosis and different therapeutic strategies of this complicated disease are reviewed...
June 20, 2018: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923184/donepezil-for-dementia-due-to-alzheimer-s-disease
#18
REVIEW
Jacqueline S Birks, Richard J Harvey
BACKGROUND: Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia in older people. One approach to symptomatic treatment of Alzheimer's disease is to enhance cholinergic neurotransmission in the brain by blocking the action of the enzyme responsible for the breakdown of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine. This can be done by a group of drugs known as cholinesterase inhibitors. Donepezil is a cholinesterase inhibitor.This review is an updated version of a review first published in 1998...
June 18, 2018: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29923062/hyperphosphatemic-familial-tumoral-calcinosis-secondary-to-fibroblast-growth-factor-23-fgf23-mutation-a-report-of-two-affected-families-and-review-of-the-literature
#19
REVIEW
M Chakhtoura, M S Ramnitz, N Khoury, G Nemer, N Shabb, A Abchee, A Berberi, M Hourani, M Collins, S Ichikawa, G El Hajj Fuleihan
Hyperphosphatemic familial tumoral calcinosis (HFTC), secondary to fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) gene mutation, is a rare genetic disorder characterized by recurrent calcified masses. We describe young Lebanese cousins presenting with HFTC, based on a retrospective chart review and a prospective case study. In addition, we present a comprehensive review on the topic, based on a literature search conducted in PubMed and Google Scholar, in 2014 and updated in December 2017. While the patients had the same previously reported FGF23 gene mutation (homozygous c...
June 20, 2018: Osteoporosis International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29922234/nephrin-signaling-in-the-podocyte-an-updated-view-of-signal-regulation-at-the-slit-diaphragm-and-beyond
#20
REVIEW
Claire E Martin, Nina Jones
Podocytes are a major component of the glomerular blood filtration barrier, and alterations to the morphology of their unique actin-based foot processes (FP) are a common feature of kidney disease. Adjacent FP are connected by a specialized intercellular junction known as the slit diaphragm (SD), which serves as the ultimate barrier to regulate passage of macromolecules from the blood. While the link between SD dysfunction and reduced filtration selectivity has been recognized for nearly 50 years, our understanding of the underlying molecular circuitry began only 20 years ago, sparked by the identification of NPHS1 , encoding the transmembrane protein nephrin...
2018: Frontiers in Endocrinology
keyword
keyword
88293
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"