keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

disease review

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151252/dominant-c3-glomerulopathy-new-roles-for-an-old-actor-in-renal-pathology
#1
REVIEW
Nicola Pirozzi, Antonella Stoppacciaro, Paolo Menè
Recently, a number of reports have described dominant C3 deposits in renal biopsies of patients with infection-related glomerulonephritis (GN). While acute post-infectious GN and membranoproliferative GN are commonly characterized by immune deposits containing C3 and/or C4, the absence of immunoglobulin (Ig) and/or immune complexes at light or electron microscopy is a rather unusual observation. Dominant C3 deposition is believed to result from the alternative pathway of complement activation via the C3bBb "tickover" convertase...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151170/the-function-of-the-cellular-prion-protein-in-health-and-disease
#2
REVIEW
Joel C Watts, Matthew E C Bourkas, Hamza Arshad
The essential role of the cellular prion protein (PrP(C)) in prion disorders such as Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease is well documented. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that PrP(C) may act as a receptor for protein aggregates and transduce neurotoxic signals in more common neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzheimer's disease. Although the pathological roles of PrP(C) have been thoroughly characterized, a general consensus on its physiological function within the brain has not yet been established. Knockout studies in various organisms, ranging from zebrafish to mice, have implicated PrP(C) in a diverse range of nervous system-related activities that include a key role in the maintenance of peripheral nerve myelination as well as a general ability to protect against neurotoxic stimuli...
November 18, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151169/parkinson-s-disease-experimental-models-and-reality
#3
REVIEW
Peizhou Jiang, Dennis W Dickson
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a chronic, progressive movement disorder of adults and the second most common neurodegenerative disease after Alzheimer's disease. Neuropathologic diagnosis of PD requires moderate-to-marked neuronal loss in the ventrolateral substantia nigra pars compacta and α-synuclein (αS) Lewy body pathology. Nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurodegeneration correlates with the Parkinsonian motor features, but involvement of other peripheral and central nervous system regions leads to a wide range of non-motor features...
November 18, 2017: Acta Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151103/immunoregulatory-role-of-cannabinoids-during-infectious-disease
#4
Rosalía Hernández-Cervantes, Mónica Méndez-Díaz, Óscar Prospéro-García, Jorge Morales-Montor
Although the endocannabinoid system (ECS) is involved in the regulation of several physiological processes, including sleep and the immune response, its role during infections has not been fully studied. It is well known that the use of this drug increases susceptibility to infections because of the impact on the modulation of the immune system. Concerning the medicinal or recreational use of marijuana, its influence on the course of an infection, whether this has been caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites, and to a lesser degree, fungi, has been reported...
November 18, 2017: Neuroimmunomodulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151091/couvade-syndrome-custom-behavior-or-disease
#5
Bartlomiej Piechowski-Jozwiak, Julien Bogousslavsky
The custom of Couvade and Couvade syndrome is a phenomenon observed since ancient times. Whether it constitutes a disease entity or it should be considered a ritual or custom remains a matter of debate. Historical transcripts shed light into the distinct origins and inclinations of couvade behaviors, some of them having religious inclinations. Currently, there are several views on this phenomenon including medical, psychoanalytic, and psychological. Some explain this syndrome as part of men's preparation and participation in pregnancy and post-partum period...
2018: Frontiers of Neurology and Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151062/instruments-to-assess-stigmatization-in-dermatology
#6
Dimitre Dimitrov, Jacek C Szepietowski
Stigmatization is the assignment of negative perceptions to an individual because of a perceived difference from the population at large. Skin conditions are frequently the reason of social rejection with a consequent negative influence on the personal and social life of patients. The aim of the current study was to review the available instruments that can be successfully utilized to measure the stigmatization level among dermatological patients. We performed our search on PubMed up to November 2016 and utilized combinations of key phrases containing such words as stigmatization, skin, dermatology, names of various skin conditions (psoriasis, vitiligo, acne, etc...
November 3, 2017: Postȩpy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151051/subclinical-propionibacterium-acnes-infection-estimation-in-the-intervertebral-disc-spine-id-protocol-for-a-prospective-cohort
#7
Nelson Astur, Delio E Martins, Marcelo Wajchenberg, Mario Ferretti, Fernando G Menezes, Andre M Doi, Laercio A Rosemberg, Durval C B Santos, Alexandre S Iutaka, Luciano M R Rodrigues, Marines D V Martino, Jorge R Pagura, Eduardo N Kihara Filho, Mario Lenza
INTRODUCTION: Low back pain and vertebral endplate abnormalities are common conditions within the population. Subclinical infection caused by indolent pathogens can potentially lead to these findings, with differentiation between them notably challenging from a clinical perspective. Progressive infection of the intervertebral disc has been extensively associated with increasing low back pain, with Propionibacterium acnes specifically implicated with in relation to sciatica. The main purpose of this study is to identify if the presence of an infective pathogen within the intervertebral disc is primary or is a result of intraoperative contamination, and whether this correlates to low back pain...
November 17, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151022/quality-of-care-for-people-with-multimorbidity-a-case-series
#8
Michaela L Schiøtz, Dorte Høst, Mikkel B Christensen, Helena Domínguez, Yasmin Hamid, Merete Almind, Kim L Sørensen, Thomas Saxild, Rikke Høgsbro Holm, Anne Frølich
BACKGROUND: Multimorbidity is becoming increasingly prevalent and presents challenges for healthcare providers and systems. Studies examining the relationship between multimorbidity and quality of care report mixed findings. The purpose of this study was to investigate quality of care for people with multimorbidity in the publicly funded healthcare system in Denmark. METHODS: To investigate the quality of care for people with multimorbidity different groups of clinicians from the hospital, general practice and the municipality reviewed records from 23 persons with multimorbidity and discussed them in three focus groups...
November 18, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29151015/diffuse-idiopathic-skeletal-hyperostosis-dish-as-a-cause-of-failure-following-distal-clavicle-excision-a-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#9
John Begly, Vineet Tyagi, Eric Strauss
Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is common spinal condition characterized by increased calcification and ossification of ligaments and entheses, typically in the anterior aspect of the spine. However, extraspinal manifestations of the disease can occur and depending on the degree and location of involvement, may become symptomatic. We present the case of a 63-year-old male with a history of DISH, who failed initial open distal clavicle excision due to the postoperative development of heterotopic bone bridging across the acromioclavicular joint...
December 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150974/reciprocal-interactions-between-bile-acids-and-gut-microbiota-in-human-liver-diseases
#10
REVIEW
Tadashi Ikegami, Akira Honda
The gut microbiota (GM) play a central role in their hosts' metabolism of bile acids (BAs) by regulating deconjugation, dehydroxylation, dehydrogenation, and epimerization reactions to generate unconjugated free BAs and secondary BAs. These BAs generated by the GM are potent signaling molecules that interact with BA receptors, such as the farnesoid X receptor (FXR) and Takeda G-protein-coupled receptor 5 (TGR5). Each BA has a differential affinity to these receptors; therefore, alterations in BA composition by GM could modify the intensity of receptor signaling...
November 18, 2017: Hepatology Research: the Official Journal of the Japan Society of Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150944/toll-like-receptor-signaling-pathway-as-a-potential-therapeutic-target-in-colorectal-cancer
#11
REVIEW
Reyhaneh Moradi-Marjaneh, Seyed Mahdi Hassanian, Hamid Fiuji, Saman Soleimanpour, Gordon A Ferns, Amir Avan, Majid Khazaei
Toll like receptor (TLR) signaling is involved in activating innate and adaptive immune responses and plays a critical role in inflammation-induced diseases such as colorectal cancer (CRC). Dysregulation of this signaling pathway can result in disturbance of epithelial layer hemostasis, chronic inflammatory, excessive repair responses and development of CRC. There is now substantial evidence for the benefit of targeting of this pathway in cancer treatment, and several agents have been approved, such as BCG (Bacillus Calmette Guérin), MPL (monophosphoryl lipid A) and imiquimod...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Cellular Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150905/sarcoptic-mange-in-wombats-a-review-and-future-research-directions
#12
REVIEW
J M Old, C Sengupta, E Narayan, J Wolfenden
Sarcoptic mange is caused by the mite Sarcoptes scabiei and has recently been recognized as an emerging infectious disease of wildlife worldwide. The mite is one of the main causes of population decline in southern hairy-nosed (Lasiorhinus latifrons) and bare-nosed wombats (Vombatus ursinus). This review focuses on Sarcoptes scabiei infestations in wombats and provides insights into why the disease may be so prevalent in wombats. Current treatment practices and trials conducted in the field to reduce the incidence of sarcoptic mange in wombats are described and critically reviewed...
November 18, 2017: Transboundary and Emerging Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150888/systematic-review-of-disparities-in-surgical-care-for-m%C3%A4-ori-in-new-zealand
#13
REVIEW
Jamie-Lee Rahiri, Zanazir Alexander, Matire Harwood, Jonathan Koea, Andrew G Hill
BACKGROUND: Health equity for Indigenous peoples in the context of surgery has recently become topical amongst surgeons in Australasia. Health inequities are amongst the most consistent and compelling disparities between Māori and New Zealand Europeans (NZE) in New Zealand (NZ). We aimed to investigate where ethnic disparities in surgical care may occur and highlight some of the potential contributing factors, over all surgical specialties, between Māori and NZE adults in NZ. METHODS: A systematic review was performed in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) statement...
November 18, 2017: ANZ Journal of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150864/seeing-is-believing-a-review-of-apheresis-therapy-in-the-treatment-of-ophthalmologic-disease
#14
Brendan C Graham, Jose S Pulido, Jeffrey L Winters
Apheresis procedures have a role in treatment of disparate diseases involving many different organ systems. Often the disease processes where apheresis plays a role in treatment are considered "orphan diseases"-relatively rare disease processes that lack specific pharmaceutical agents or established treatment protocols. Many of these disease processes can affect the eye with devastating results for the eyesight of these patients. The unique ability of apheresis to affect disease by modifying blood plasma and modulating disease-causing agents therein renders apheresis procedures valuable tools in the treatment of certain ophthalmologic diseases...
November 18, 2017: Journal of Clinical Apheresis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150828/vectors-hosts-and-control-measures-for-zika-virus-in-the-americas
#15
REVIEW
Sarah J Thompson, John M Pearce, Andrew M Ramey
We examine Zika virus (ZIKV) from an ecological perspective and with a focus on the Americas. We assess (1) the role of wildlife in ZIKV disease ecology, (2) how mosquito behavior and biology influence disease dynamics, and (3) how nontarget species and ecosystems may be impacted by vector control programs. Our review suggests that free-ranging, non-human primates may be involved in ZIKV transmission in the Old World; however, other wildlife species likely play a limited role in maintaining or transmitting ZIKV...
November 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150826/rethinking-human-nonhuman-primate-contact-and-pathogenic-disease-spillover
#16
REVIEW
Victor Narat, Lys Alcayna-Stevens, Stephanie Rupp, Tamara Giles-Vernick
Zoonotic transmissions are a major global health risk, and human-animal contact is frequently raised as an important driver of transmission. A literature examining zooanthroponosis largely agrees that more human-animal contact leads to more risk. Yet the basis of this proposition, the term contact, has not been rigorously analyzed. To understand how contact is used to explain cross-species spillovers, we conducted a multi-disciplinary review of studies addressing human-nonhuman primate (NHP) engagements and pathogenic transmissions and employing the term contact...
November 17, 2017: EcoHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150719/preoperative-optimization-for-major-hepatic-resection
#17
REVIEW
Sarah Walcott-Sapp, Kevin G Billingsley
PURPOSE: Major hepatic resections are performed for primary hepatobiliary malignancies, metastatic disease, and benign lesions. Patients with chronic liver disease, including cirrhosis and steatosis, are at an elevated risk of malnutrition and impaired strength and exercise capacity, deficits which cause increased risk of postoperative complications and mortality. The aims of this report are to discuss the pathophysiology of changes in nutrition, exercise capacity, and muscle strength in patient populations likely to require major hepatectomy, and review recommendations for preoperative evaluation and optimization...
November 18, 2017: Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150718/re-educating-immunity-in-respiratory-allergies-the-potential-for-hematopoietic-stem-cell-mediated-gene-therapy
#18
REVIEW
Jeremy F Brooks, Janet M Davies, James W Wells, Raymond J Steptoe
Respiratory allergies represent a significant disease burden worldwide affecting up to 300 million people globally. Medication and avoidance of known triggers do not address the underlying pathology. Traditional immunotherapies for allergy aim to reinstate immune homeostasis but require years of treatment and have poor long-term efficacy. Novel approaches, such as gene-engineered hematopoietic stem cell transplantation, induce profound antigen-specific tolerance in autoimmunity. Recent evidence shows this approach may also have therapeutic utility for allergy...
November 17, 2017: Journal of Molecular Medicine: Official Organ of the "Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte"
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150631/effect-of-long-term-incretin-based-therapies-on-ischemic-heart-diseases-in-patients-with-type-2-diabetes-mellitus-a-network-meta-analysis
#19
Che-Yi Chou, Ying-Tzu Chang, Jia-Lian Yang, Jiun-Yi Wang, Tsui-Er Lee, Ruey-Yun Wang, Chin-Chuan Hung
Patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) experience many cardiovascular complications. Several studies have demonstrated the cardioprotective effects of incretin-based therapies; however, there are few studies on the effects of long-term incretin-based therapies on cardiovascular events. Therefore, the present study conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis to evaluate the effects of long-term incretin-based therapies on ischaemic diseases. We searched PubMed, CENTRAL, and Clinicaltrial.gov to retrieve randomised control trials reported until December 2016 and enrolled only RCTs with more than a 1-year follow-up...
November 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29150479/impact-of-variation-in-functions-and-delivery-on-the-effectiveness-of-behavioural-and-mood-management-interventions-for-smoking-cessation-in-people-with-depression-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#20
Gemma Taylor, Paul Aveyard, Regina Van der Meer, Daniel Toze, Bobby Stuijfzand, David Kessler, Marcus Munafò
INTRODUCTION: Tobacco is the world's leading preventable cause of disease and death. People with depression are twice as likely to smoke and are less responsive to standard tobacco treatments as compared with the general population. A Cochrane systematic review of randomised controlled trials of smoking cessation treatment for smokers with current or historical depression found that adding mood management to usual smoking treatment improved quit rates. However, the review did not examine if variation in intervention delivery or intervention functions impacted on treatment effectiveness...
November 16, 2017: BMJ Open
keyword
keyword
88292
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"