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Mastoiditis in childrens

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27919116/stylohyoid-complex-eagle-syndrome-starting-in-a-9-year-old-boy
#1
Maite Gárriz-Luis, Pablo Irimia, Juan M Alcalde, Pablo Domínguez, Juan Narbona
Background There are only four previous pediatric reports of the glossopharyngeal neuralgic form of the stylohyoid complex syndrome. Stylohyoid complex has merely been described as cases of glossopharyngeal neuralgia in children. Case Report A 12-year-old boy came to our hospital because of recurrent episodes of severe cranial pain (9/10) lasting for 5 to 15 minutes. Pain affected the right tonsillar fossa, ear, and mastoid region. Since the start at the age of 9 years, the frequency of painful episodes has progressively increased: when admitted to our clinics 3 years later, the child was having up to five episodes daily in spite of analgesic, antiepileptic, and antidepressant drugs; he had abandoned school and leisure...
December 5, 2016: Neuropediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27890320/trepanation-in-the-late-bronze-age-and-early-iron-age-in-armenia
#2
A Yu Khudaverdyan
In this study, trepanations in ancient Armenia are discussed. In total, 10 cases were studied. Seven were male, 1 female and 2 were children. Age of the individuals ranged from 6 to 65 years. Among nine cases of surgical trepanations four had possible healing signs. In these cases the individuals showed evidence of previous trauma to the skull or infection (mastoiditis, tuberculosis), suggesting that the operation had been carried out for therapeutic purposes. This provides further support for the suggestion that trepanation (or trephination) was performed primarily for therapeutic purposes, and because of cranial infection or injury...
October 4, 2016: Homo: Internationale Zeitschrift Für die Vergleichende Forschung Am Menschen
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27879558/impact-of-pneumococcal-conjugate-vaccines-on-selected-head-and-neck-infections-in-hospitalized-israeli-children
#3
Tal Marom, Shiran Bookstein Peretz, Orna Schwartz, Abraham Goldfarb, Yahav Oron, Sharon Ovnat Tamir
INTRODUCTION: Streptococcus pneumoniae is a major pathogen of pediatric head and neck infections (HNIs), e.g. acute otitis media (AOM), acute mastoiditis (AM), acute bacterial sinusitis (ABS) and meningitis. The aim of the study was to characterize the epidemiology of pneumococcal HNIs (pHNIs) before, during, and after the introduction of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines (PCVs). METHODS: Children 0-16 years who were hospitalized with HNIs in the Pediatrics Department in a general hospital between 1/1/2007-12/31/2014 were retrospectively identified...
November 22, 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863635/cochlear-implantation-of-solid-organ-transplant-patients-receiving-immunosuppressive-therapy
#4
Bushra Ayub, Nancy M Young
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the incidence of infectious complications and healing problems in cochlear implant (CI) patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy following solid organ transplant. STUDY DESIGN: IRB-approved retrospective chart review of implanted patients. SETTING: Tertiary care children's hospital. METHODS: Seven patients of the more than 1000 implanted during the time period between 1991 and 2014 underwent cochlear implantation while on immunosuppressive therapy after having received a solid organ transplant...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27863632/soft-wall-reconstruction-of-the-canal-wall-with-retrograde-bone-work-for-pediatric-cholesteatoma-long-term-results
#5
Miyako Hatano, Makoto Ito, Hisashi Sugimoto, Masao Noda, Hiroki Hasegawa, Tomokazu Yoshizaki
OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively evaluate the long-term results of surgery for retrograde bone work, using soft-wall reconstruction of the canal wall, for pediatric cholesteatoma. METHODS: We retrospectively evaluated a series of 25 consecutive ears of 24 patients who were ≤16 years of age. All children underwent cholesteatoma surgery between October 2002 and August 2008. The type of cholesteatoma, the length of follow-up, the incidence of residual and recurrent cholesteatoma, postoperative hearing results, and the form of the reconstructed external canal wall and tympanic membrane were assessed...
December 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27796038/management-of-acute-complicated-mastoiditis-at-an-urban-tertiary-care-pediatric-hospital
#6
Saied Ghadersohi, Nancy M Young, Virginia Smith-Bronstein, Stephen Hoff, Kathleen R Billings
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: To describe the presentation and management of acute complicated mastoiditis in children. STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective case series. METHODS: An analysis of pediatric patients with acute complicated mastoiditis treated at an urban, tertiary care children's hospital from 2007 to 2014 was performed. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients presented with a total of 67 complications of acute mastoiditis. Mean age at presentation was 4...
October 31, 2016: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765098/-ct-study-on-the-development-of-facial-nerve-canal-in-children
#7
J M Li, W B Xu, J W Zhong, H Y Wu, W C Dai
Objective: To assess the characteristics of facial nerve canal between normal anatomy and dysplasia of children in different ages. Methods: A total of 492 health ears were divided into six groups, neonatal group (<1 m , n=42), infancy group(1 m-1 y, n=106), toddler group(1-3 y, n=102), preschool group (3-6 y, n=100), school group(6-10 y, n=60)and adolescent group (10-14 y, n=82). The length and diameter of facial nerve canal and that angles of first and second genu were measured with CT in each group. Results: ①The lengths of facial nerve canal in neonatal and infancy group were shorter than other four groups, especially in the mastoid segments of facial nerve canal...
October 7, 2016: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27748206/prognostic-effect-of-pre-and-post-admission-antibiotic-treatment-in-paediatric-acute-mastoiditis
#8
E Carmel, J H Curotta, A T Cheng
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pre- and post-admission antibiotic treatment in paediatric acute mastoiditis. DESIGN: Retrospective study. METHOD: Eighty-eight children with acute mastoiditis, from 2003 to 2012, were studied to investigate the effect of antibiotic therapy on short and long-term sequelae. RESULTS: The median period of antibiotic therapy immediately following hospital discharge was 10 days (range, 5-49 days; standard deviation = 7...
October 17, 2016: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27737977/fusobacterium-infections-in-children
#9
Karen Arane, Ran D Goldman
QUESTION: A 2-year-old patient in my practice with acute otitis media that has progressed to mastoiditis with a high fever returns with positive culture results for Fusobacterium What should I do next? ANSWER: Fusobacterium is a genus of anaerobic bacteria. Although Fusobacterium infections are rare, they can become severe if not treated promptly. Appropriate treatment is combination antibiotic therapy consisting of a β-lactam (penicillin, cephalosporin) and an anaerobic antimicrobial agent (metronidazole, clindamycin)...
October 2016: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27716596/assessment-of-mastoid-function-with-magnetic-resonance-imaging-after-canal-wall-up-cholesteatoma-surgery
#10
William J Parkes, Sharon L Cushing, Blake C Papsin, Susan I Blaser, Adrian L James
OBJECTIVE: To use magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the extent of mastoid opacification after canal wall up (CWU) cholesteatoma surgery. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Thirty-five children in whom post-operative MRI had been obtained after CWU surgery. Cholesteatoma confined to the meso- and/or epi-tympanum was removed using a transcanal approach (n=18). More extensive disease required a combined approach tympanomastoidectomy (CAT, n=17). Mastoid opacification was assessed in both ears by a neuroradiologist blind to surgical details using an ordinal scale from 0 (no opacification) to 6 (completely opacified)...
August 2016: Journal of International Advanced Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27619045/symptomatic-stroke-complicating-central-skull-base-osteomyelitis-following-otitis-media-in-a-2-year-old-boy-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#11
Eliz Kilich, Reena Dwivedi, Shelley Segal, Sandeep Jayawant, Manish Sadarangani
We describe the youngest case to date of a 2 year old child who developed central skull base osteomyelitis (SBO) initially presenting with a fever, vomiting and sore throat. An extremely rare complication of mastoiditis following otitis media in children is SBO which can present with non-specific symptoms. This report describes the first case of symptomatic ischaemic stroke secondary to SBO in an immunocompetent child. We review the literature of the management and the potential cerebrovascular complications of central SBO in children secondary to otolaryngological infection...
October 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27613655/differentiating-acute-otitis-media-and-acute-mastoiditis-in-hospitalized-children
#12
REVIEW
Anu Laulajainen-Hongisto, Antti A Aarnisalo, Jussi Jero
Acute otitis media is a common infection in children. Most acute otitis media episodes can be treated at an outpatient setting with antimicrobials, or only expectant observation. Hospital treatment with parenteral medication, and myringotomy or tympanostomy, may be needed to treat those with severe, prolonged symptoms, or with complications. The most common intratemporal complication of acute otitis media is acute mastoiditis. If a child with acute mastoiditis does not respond to this treatment, or if complications develop, further examinations and other surgical procedures, including mastoidectomy, are considered...
October 2016: Current Allergy and Asthma Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27497400/to-anticoagulate-controversy-in-the-management-of-thrombotic-complications-of-head-neck-infections
#13
Jenna Rebelo, Smriti Nayan, Karen Choong, Martha Fulford, Anthony Chan, Doron D Sommer
OBJECTIVE: To review the thrombotic complications of head and neck infections, including Lemierre's syndrome, and their management. METHODS: A retrospective review of pediatric patients presenting to McMaster Children's Hospital from 2009 to 2013 was undertaken. The literature was reviewed for evidence regarding the use of anticoagulation therapy in this population. RESULTS: Eleven cases (6 males, 5 females) were identified. The median age was 10...
September 2016: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27489465/evaluation-of-cases-with-cerebral-thrombosis-in-children
#14
Olcay Ünver, Gazanfer Ekinci, Büşra Işın Kutlubay, Thomas Gülten, Sağer Güneş, Nilüfer Eldeş Hacıfazlıoğlu, Dilşad Türkdoğan
AIM: We aimed to evaluate the patients who were followed up in our clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral sinovenous thrombosis in terms of age, sex, clinical findings, etiology, thrombophilic factors, imaging findings, treatment and prognosis. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The files of 11 patients who were followed up in our pediatric neurology clinic with a diagnosis of cerebral thrombosis between 1 December 2010 and 31 December 2014 were retrospectively analyzed. RESULTS: Seven of 11 patients were male (63...
June 2016: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27476590/-bacterial-pathogens-causing-acute-otitis-media
#15
Hana Dojčárová
INTRODUCTION: The objectives were to assess the prevalence of etiological agents of acute otitis media (AOM) in children, age distribution of patients, frequency of the disease throughout the year, prescribed antibiotics, risk factors and complications. METHODS: Included in the study were 100 children and adolescents aged 0 to 18 years who had been diagnosed with AOM. From these patients, swabs for culture were obtained from the middle ear after paracentesis or perforation of the ear drum...
March 2016: Klinická Mikrobiologie a Infekc̆ní Lékar̆ství
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27466885/the-role-of-bacteriologic-studies-in-predicting-recurrent-mastoiditis-in-456-patients
#16
Haim Gavriel, Rani Abu Eta, Ephraim Eviatar
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the effect of microbiologic growth on the recurrence rate of mastoiditis. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A historical prospective study on all cases of children with acute mastoiditis (AM) admitted between 2000 and 2015, was performed. The following data were collected in the recurrent AM (rAM) group: age, sex, and medical history, antibiotic therapy before hospitalization, clinical presentation at admission including symptoms and signs, blood test results, computed tomography (CT) imaging, microbiological findings, treatment, complications, outcome, and follow-up duration...
September 2016: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27289547/-otoplasty
#17
J Ellart, P Guerreschi, L Pasquesoone, V Duquennoy-Martinot
Prominent ears can have a significant psychological impact especially in children. It is often the subject of negative remarks among classmates. Prominent ears are the result of one or more congenital anomalies that may be associated together in various degrees. Absence of antihelical fold, opening the cephalo-conchal angle and conchal hypertrophy are the most common. The surgery aims to correct these anomalies, by reshaping the cartilage in order to obtain well-shaped ears that is normally positioned and oriented with natural size and appearance...
June 8, 2016: Annales de Chirurgie Plastique et Esthétique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27221577/systematic-review-and-meta-analysis-of-surgical-complications-following-cochlear-implantation-in-canal-wall-down-mastoid-cavities
#18
REVIEW
Jacob B Hunter, Brendan P O'Connell, George B Wanna
OBJECTIVE: We sought to assess the complication rates following cochlear implantation in canal wall down mastoid cavities in adults and children. DATA SOURCES: A systematic review of English articles from PubMed, Web of Science, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Additional studies were identified by reviewing the reference lists of the originally identified studies. REVIEW METHODS: Studies were included that reported on surgical outcomes following cochlear implantation in canal wall down mastoid cavities...
October 2016: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160423/technical-refinement-of-stenstr%C3%A3-m-otoplasty-procedure
#19
R Hafiz, C Philandrianos, D Casanova, C Chossegros, B Bertrand
INTRODUCTION: Surgical correction of prominent ears is a common aesthetic procedure in young children. Stenström technique is widely performed in France. We present some technical refinements that may be associated to this technique in order to allow for a simple correction of the majority of deformations. TECHNICAL NOTE: The first step of the Stenström technique is the treatment of the unfolded antihelix if necessary. Our first modification consists in introducing the rasp by an anterior approach, hidden under the upper plication of the helix, allowing for a better control...
June 2016: Revue de Stomatologie, de Chirurgie Maxillo-faciale et de Chirurgie Orale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26991219/otogenic-lateral-sinus-thrombosis-in-children-a-review-of-7-cases
#20
Jesse T Ryan, Maria Pena, George H Zalzal, Diego A Preciado
Otogenic lateral sinus thrombosis (LST) is a rare but serious intracranial complication of acute or chronic otitis media. Reported mortality rates have ranged from 8 to 25%; the pediatric mortality rate might be as low as 5%. Controversy still exists over the medical and surgical management of this condition. We conducted a retrospective chart review of 7 cases of pediatric otogenic LST that were treated at our institution over a period of 8 years. We hypothesized that good outcomes in very sick patients can be achieved by aggressively managing the mastoid cavity and without the need for a thrombectomy...
March 2016: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
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