keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Mastoiditis in childrens

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29140458/direct-measurements-of-skin-eye-lens-and-thyroid-dose-during-pediatric-brain-ct-examinations
#1
Agapi Ploussi, Ioannis Stathopoulos, Vasileios Syrgiamiotis, Triantafillia Makri, Christiana Hatzigiorgi, Kalliopi Platoni, Eleftheria Carinou, Efstathios P Efstathopoulos
Pediatric brain computed tomography (CT) is identified as the most frequent CT examination in children. The aim of the study is the direct measurement of skin, eye lens and thyroid dose in pediatric patients during brain CT examinations. The study included 35 pediatric patients who underwent brain CT examinations. The patients were categorized in three age groups: Group A (age range: 0.8-1 years), Group B (age range: 2.0-4.9 years) and Group C (age range: 5.5-15.5 years). thermoluminescent dosimeters (TLDs) were placed on the eyes, the frontal region of the head, the mastoid apophysis and the thyroid gland...
November 13, 2017: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29106885/outpatient-management-of-pediatric-acute-mastoiditis
#2
Ahmed Alkhateeb, Francis Morin, Haya Aziz, Mayuri Manogaran, William Guertin, Melanie Duval
OBJECTIVE: Evaluate the Montreal Children's Hospital experience with outpatient management of uncomplicated acute mastoiditis with parenteral antibiotic therapy alone and determine if it is a safe alternative to inpatient management. SUBJECTS AND METHOD: A retrospective review of pediatric patients diagnosed with acute mastoiditis at a tertiary care pediatric hospital between 2013 and 2015 was performed. Patients with syndromes, immunodeficiency, cholesteatoma, chronic otitis media, cochlear implant in the affected ear, or incidental mastoid opacity were excluded...
November 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29105776/pediatric-acute-mastoiditis-in-the-era-of-pneumococcal-vaccination
#3
Kareem O Tawfik, Stacey L Ishman, Meredith E Tabangin, Mekibib Altaye, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Daniel I Choo
OBJECTIVES/HYPOTHESIS: The objective was to describe trends in the annual prevalence of hospitalization for pediatric acute mastoiditis since introduction of the 7-valent pneumococcal vaccine in 2000 and the 13-valent vaccine in 2010. STUDY DESIGN: Cross-sectional retrospective data analysis. METHODS: The Kids' Inpatient Database from years 2000 to 2012 was analyzed. To determine the annual prevalence of hospitalization for acute mastoiditis, nationally weighted frequencies of hospitalization for children <21 years with acute mastoiditis diagnoses were collected...
November 6, 2017: Laryngoscope
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29095293/-message-from-a-turtle-otitis-with-salmonella-arizonae-in-children-case-report
#4
Cristina Gavrilovici, Carmen-Valentina Pânzaru, Sebastian Cozma, Cristian Mârţu, Vasile Valeriu Lupu, Ancuta Ignat, Ingrith Miron, Magdalena Stârcea
RATIONALE: Salmonella enterica subsp arizonae is a common gut inhabitant of reptiles (snakes are the most common reservoir, but it also occurs in turtles). Alhough human cases owing to this organism are exceedingly rare, it may occasionally infect young infants and immunocompromised individuals with a history of intimate associations with reptiles. Our case is the 20th one among the infections with S arizonae in children, but the 2nd one of otitis and the first of mastoiditis. The other cases had different anatomical locations, such as gastroenteritis, osteomyelitis, meningitis, ankle infection, wound infection, and sinusitis...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29024761/pattern-of-closure-of-skull-base-synchondroses-in-crouzon-syndrome
#5
Guillaume Coll, Laurent Sakka, Céline Botella, Nathalie Pham-Dang, Corine Collet, Michel Zerah, Eric Arnaud, Federico Di Rocco
BACKGROUND: The age of closure of skull base synchondroses has never been analyzed in a homogenous population of children with Crouzon syndrome. METHOD: A retrospective case-control study was performed on 30 Crouzon children (17M, 13F) aged 1 month to 12.48 years with Fibroblast Growth Factor Receptor type 2 mutation. Eleven synchondroses were analyzed on millimetric computed tomodensitometry slices before surgery. Syndromic patients were compared to a series of 235 healthy children previously published...
October 9, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28953606/an-analysis-of-safety-and-adverse-events-following-cochlear-implantation-in-children-under-12-months-of-age
#6
Yesul Kim, Vijay A Patel, Huseyin Isildak, Michele M Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine perioperative morbidity of children ≤12 months undergoing cochlear implantation (CI). STUDY DESIGN: Retrospective analysis using the American College of Surgeons National Surgical Quality Improvement Program Pediatric Database (ACS-NSQIP-P). SETTING: General acute care children's hospitals, children's hospitals within larger hospitals, specialty children's hospitals, and general acute care hospitals with a pediatric wing...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929078/primary-ewing-s-sarcoma-of-the-temporal-bone-a-rare-case-report-and-literature-review
#7
Divya Gupta, Achal Gulati, Purnima
Ewing's sarcoma is a malignant, round cell tumor arising from the bones and primarily affecting children and adolescent, accounting for 3 % of all childhood malignancies. Although the long bones and the trunk are typically affected, rare cases of it involving isolated bones throughout the body have been reported. Involvement of the skull bones is rare, constituting 1-6 % of the total Ewing's sarcoma cases but those affecting the cranial bones are rarer still, constituting only 1 %. We describe an 8 months old infant having Ewing sarcoma, of the petrous and mastoid parts of temporal bone along with the occipital bone, whose clinical presentation mimicked mastoiditis with facial nerve palsy...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28891871/bone-density-development-of-the-temporal-bone-assessed-by-computed-tomography
#8
Kuniyuki Takahashi, Yuka Morita, Shinsuke Ohshima, Shuji Izumi, Yamato Kubota, Arata Horii
HYPOTHESIS: The temporal bone shows regional differences in bone development. BACKGROUND: The spreading pattern of acute mastoiditis shows age-related differences. In infants, it spreads laterally and causes retroauricular swelling, whereas in older children, it tends to spread medially and causes intracranial complications. We hypothesized that bone maturation may influence the spreading pattern of acute mastoiditis. METHODS: Eighty participants with normal hearing, aged 3 months to 42 years, participated in this study...
December 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28828536/mdct-of-the-temporal-bone-and-audiological-findings-of-pediatric-acquired-cholesteatoma
#9
Asli Tanrivermis Sayit, Dilek Saglam, Hediye Pinar Gunbey, Mustafa Tastan, Cetin Celenk
Cholesteatoma is a benign epithelial lesion affecting the middle ear and/or mastoid process, causing otorrhea and hearing loss. Here, we retrospectively evaluated the temporal multidetector computed tomography and audiological findings of acquired cholesteatoma in children. Forty-three patients younger than 18 years old with middle ear acquired cholesteatoma were evaluated with regard to their clinical symptoms, temporal multidetector computed tomography findings, and audiometry results. The multidetector computed tomography findings were classified according to the site-ossicle-complication classification, and the relationships between the clinical, radiological, and audiological findings were evaluated...
November 2017: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28807061/the-incidence-of-hyperthermia-during-cochlear-implant-surgery-in-children
#10
A Schwartz, D Kaplan, V Rosenzweig, M Klein, B F Gruenbaum, S E Gruenbaum, M Boyko, A Zlotnik, E Brotfain
BACKGROUND: Inadvertent hyperthermia during anaesthesia is a rare but life-threatening complication. We have encountered several cases of severe hyperthermia in paediatric patients undergoing anaesthesia for cochlear implantation. METHODS: This study aimed to describe the clinical characteristics of children who developed hyperthermia while undergoing cochlear implantation, and to explore possible mechanisms and predisposing factors. The anaesthetic charts of all patients aged under 18 years who underwent cochlear implantation, or mastoid or ophthalmic surgery, between 1 January 2006 and 31 December 2009, at Soroka Medical Center in Beer Sheva, Israel, were reviewed...
October 2017: Journal of Laryngology and Otology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28798906/cerebral-sinovenous-thrombosis
#11
REVIEW
Rebecca Ichord
Cerebral sinovenous thrombosis (CSVT) is a rare but serious cerebrovascular disorder affecting children from the newborn period through childhood and adolescence. The incidence is estimated at 0.6/100,000/year, with 30-50% occurring in newborns. Causes are diverse and are highly age dependent. Acute systemic illness is the dominant risk factor among newborns. In childhood CSVT, acute infections of the head and neck such as mastoiditis are most common, followed by chronic underlying diseases such as nephrotic syndrome, cancer, and inflammatory bowel disease...
2017: Frontiers in Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777229/the-modified-rambo-transcanal-approach-for-cochlear-implantation-in-charge-syndrome
#12
Cameron C Wick, Amy M Moore, Daniel E Killeen, Brandon Isaacson
OBJECTIVE: CHARGE syndrome is associated with a variety of temporal bone anomalies and deafness. The lack of surgical landmarks and facial nerve irregularities make cochlear implantation in this population a challenging endeavor. This study aims to describe a safe and efficacious transcanal approach for cochlear implantation that obviates the need to perform a mastoidectomy and facial recess. PATIENTS: Three children with profound hearing loss secondary to CHARGE syndrome...
October 2017: Otology & Neurotology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28756095/surgical-considerations-and-safety-of-cochlear-implantation-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#13
Rasit Cevizci, Alper Dilci, Fatih Celenk, Recep Karamert, Yildirim Bayazit
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effects of otitis media with effusion on surgical parameters, patient safety, perioperative and postoperative complications. METHODS: Total 890 children who underwent cochlear implantation between 2006 and 2015 were included. The ages ranged from 12 months to 63 months (mean: 32 months). The patients were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of otitis media with effusion; otitis media with effusion group and non-otitis media group...
July 26, 2017: Auris, Nasus, Larynx
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28689684/-ectopic-thymus-a-rare-cause-of-neck-mass-in-children
#14
S Kallel, M Mnejja, M Kessentini, A Ben Said, I Charfeddine, B Hammami, A Ghorbel
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic cervical thymus (ECT) is a rare embryological abnormality in children. It can be revealed by a compressive neck mass mistaken for a malignant tumor. Through a new case of ECT, we review the embryopathogenesis, diagnostic difficulties and therapeutic features. CLINICAL OBSERVATION: A 19-month-old girl presented a right cervical mass that quickly increased in size, causing intermittent dyspnea. The physical examination objectified a 6-cm, soft and compressible, painless right cervical tumefaction, extending from the mastoid area to the ipsilateral supraclavicular fossa...
July 6, 2017: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688558/bilateral-congenital-cholesteatoma-surgical-treatment-and-considerations
#15
MULTICENTER STUDY
Daniele Marchioni, Alessia Rubini, Mauricio Gonzalez-Navarro, Matteo Alicandri-Ciufelli, Adrian James, Livio Presutti
OBJECTIVES: To describe a multicenter study regarding surgical management of bilateral congenital cholesteatoma (BCC) and underline the importance of endoscopes in the management of this condition. In BCC, hearing preservation is more crucial than in unilateral cases. The endoscopic approach allows complete removal of cholesteatoma via a minimally invasive technique offering low residual disease rates while preserving the normal physiology of the middle ear and possibly the ossicular chain...
August 2017: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28607883/evaluation-of-requirements-for-staging-the-procedure-of-reconstruction-of-middle-ear-after-canal-wall-down-mastoidectomy
#16
C Ravishankar, R K Datta
Cholesteatoma is a progressive destructive ear disease which can affect any age group. It has been found to be more severe in children and young adults. It erodes the surrounding bone of middle ear, mastoid and ossicles. It causes partial to total deafness, unpleasant smelling discharge, pain, tinnitus, vertigo and facial paralysis. It can even cause meningitis, brain abscess and death. The post-operative outcome of hearing, and the state of the reconstructed middle-ear cavity after concurrent and staged reconstruction of middle ear after canal wall down mastoidectomy was studied in 30 ears with middle-ear cholesteatoma...
June 2017: Indian Journal of Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594978/association-of-gel-forming-mucins-and-aquaporin-gene-expression-with-hearing-loss-effusion-viscosity-and-inflammation-in-otitis-media-with-effusion
#17
Tina L Samuels, Justin C Yan, Pawjai Khampang, Peter W Dettmar, Alexander MacKinnon, Wenzhou Hong, Nikki Johnston, Blake C Papsin, Robert H Chun, Michael E McCormick, Joseph E Kerschner
Importance: Persistent, viscous middle ear effusion in pediatric otitis media (OM) contributes to increased likelihood of anesthesia and surgery, conductive hearing loss, and subsequent developmental delays. Biomarkers of effusion viscosity and hearing loss have not yet been identified despite the potential that such markers hold for targeted therapy and screening. Objective: To investigate the association of gel-forming mucins and aquaporin 5 (AQP5) gene expression with inflammation, effusion viscosity, and hearing loss in pediatric OM with effusion (OME)...
August 1, 2017: JAMA Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28468135/radiological-imaging-of-rare-intracranial-complications-secondary-to-otitis-media-and-mastoiditis
#18
Gülen Burakgazi, Hanifi Bayaroğullari, Fatma Öztürk, Cengiz Arli, Vicdan Köksaldi Motor, Rasim Yanmaz, Nesrin Atci
Acute otitis media used to cause fatal results because of its intracranial complications before the introduction of potent and effective antibiotics. After the introduction of antibiotics, complications have started to be observed more frequently as a result of chronic otitis media and especially in children. Because clinical findings changed and became indistinct, the diagnosis of otitis and mastoiditis has been made occasionally with imaging findings only after complications occurred. Multidetector computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging are efficient and sufficient methods in the rapid diagnosis and should be immediately referred methods...
May 2017: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28372531/panel-1-epidemiology-and-diagnosis
#19
REVIEW
Preben Homøe, Kari Kværner, Janet R Casey, Roger A M J Damoiseaux, Thijs M A van Dongen, Hasantha Gunasekera, Ramon G Jensen, Ellen Kvestad, Peter S Morris, Heather M Weinreich
Objective To create a literature review between 2011 and June 1, 2015, on advances in otitis media (OM) epidemiology and diagnosis (including relevant audiology studies). Data Sources Electronic search engines (PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library) with a predefined search strategy. Review Methods Articles with appropriate epidemiologic methodology for OM, including acute mastoiditis and eustachian tube dysfunction. Items included OM worldwide and in high-risk populations, OM-related hearing loss, news in OM diagnostics, prenatal risk factors and comorbidities, postnatal risk factors, genetics, microbiological epidemiology, guidelines, and quality of life...
April 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349737/pediatric-acute-otitis-media-in-the-era-of-pneumococcal-vaccination
#20
Kareem O Tawfik, Stacey L Ishman, Mekibib Altaye, Jareen Meinzen-Derr, Daniel I Choo
Objectives (1) Describe longitudinal trends in annual prevalence of hospital admission for pediatric acute otitis media (AOM) and complications of AOM (CAOM) since introduction of pneumococcal vaccination in 2000 and (2) describe the longitudinal trend of prevalence of hospital admission for pneumococcal meningitis in children with AOM-related diagnoses in the postvaccination era. Study Design Retrospective analysis of Kids' Inpatient Database from 2000 to 2012. Setting Community, nonrehabilitation hospitals...
May 2017: Otolaryngology—Head and Neck Surgery
keyword
keyword
88286
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"