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Ceftaroline in childrens

Lesley J Scott
Intravenous ceftaroline fosamil (Zinforo™), a prodrug that is rapidly converted to its active metabolite ceftaroline, is approved for use in adults and children (from 2 months of age) with complicated skin and soft tissue infections (cSSTIs) or community-acquired pneumonia (CAP). In several multinational trials, ceftaroline fosamil was an effective and generally well tolerated treatment in adult and paediatric patients with cSSTIs or CAP. In the phase 3 CANVAS trials, ceftaroline fosamil treatment was noninferior to vancomycin plus aztreonam in adults with cSSTIs...
October 20, 2016: Drugs
Todd A Riccobene, Tatiana Khariton, William Knebel, Shampa Das, James Li, Alena Jandourek, Timothy J Carrothers, John S Bradley
Ceftaroline, the active form of the pro-drug ceftaroline fosamil, is approved for use in adults with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) or acute bacterial skin and skin structure infections (ABSSSI) in the United States and similar indications in Europe. Pharmacokinetic (PK) data from five pediatric (birth to <18 years) studies of ceftaroline fosamil were combined with PK data from adults to update a population PK model for ceftaroline and ceftaroline fosamil. This model, based on a dataset including 305 children, was used to conduct simulations to estimate ceftaroline exposures and percentage of time that free drug concentrations were above the minimum inhibitory concentration (%fT>MIC) for pediatric dose regimens...
August 11, 2016: Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Christopher R Cannavino, Agnes Nemeth, Bartosz Korczowski, John S Bradley, Tanya O'Neal, Alena Jandourek, H David Friedland, Sheldon L Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Community-acquired bacterial pneumonia (CABP) remains a major infection among children, despite the use of pneumococcal vaccination. Ceftaroline fosamil is a broad-spectrum cephalosporin antibiotic with activity against many bacteria, including Streptococcus pneumoniae (both penicillin-nonsusceptible and multidrug-resistant strains) and Staphylococcus aureus (including methicillin-resistant S. aureus). This article describes the safety, tolerability, and effectiveness of ceftaroline fosamil in the treatment of pediatric patients hospitalized with CABP, from a randomized, active-controlled, observer-blinded clinical study (registration number NCT01530763)...
July 2016: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
O S Kalinogorskaya, S S Belanov, M O Volkova, V V Gostev, S V Sidorenko
The surveillance of the serotype pattern and antibiotic resistance of S. pneumoniae in various geographical regions is required for the validity of rational etiotrophic therapy of pneumococcal infections and the choice of the optimal vaccines for their prophylaxis. 250 S. pneumoniae isolates from children with acute otitis or pneumonia and healthy carriers in St. Petersburg in 2010-2013 were investigated. The analysis of the serotype pattern of the pneumococci showed that 13-valent conjugate vaccine was the most active (86...
2015: Antibiotiki i Khimioterapii︠a︡, Antibiotics and Chemoterapy [sic]
Martyn Gostelow, Daniel Gonzalez, P Brian Smith, Michael Cohen-Wolkowiez
Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) remains a significant cause of morbidity in hospitalized infants. Over the past 15 years, several drugs have been approved for the treatment of S. aureus infections in adults (linezolid, quinupristin/dalfopristin, daptomycin, telavancin, tigecycline and ceftaroline). The use of the majority of these drugs has extended into the treatment of MRSA infections in infants, frequently with minimal safety or dosing information. Only linezolid is approved for use in infants, and pharmacokinetic data in infants are limited to linezolid and daptomycin...
May 2014: Expert Review of Clinical Pharmacology
Santiago Grau, Luisa Sorlí, Sonia Luque
Ceftaroline is administered intravenously in the form of a prodrug, ceftaroline fosamil, which is rapidly hydrolyzed by plasma phosphatases to its active form, ceftaroline. In general, the pharmacokinetics of ceftaroline differ little from those of other cephalosporins. A proportional increase in both the peak plasma concentration (Cmax) and the area under the curve (AUC) have been observed when the drug is administered in increasing doses, which demonstrates its linear pharmacokinetics. Half the dose of ceftaroline is excreted actively through the kidneys...
March 2014: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica
Neetu Phougat, Savita Khatri, Anu Singh, Mrridula Dangi, Manish Kumar, Rajesh Dabur, Anil Kumar Chhillar
Therapeutic options for many infections are extremely limited and at crisis point. We run the risk of entering a second pre-antibiotic era. There had been no miracle drug for the patients infected by resistant microbial pathogens. Most of the very few new drugs under development have problems with their toxicity, or pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics. We are already decades behind in the discovery, characterization and development of new antimicrobials. In that scenario, we could not imagine surviving without newer and effective antimicrobial agents...
January 2014: Combinatorial Chemistry & High Throughput Screening
Ian Morrissey, Anne Leakey
OBJECTIVES: To determine the activity of ceftaroline (the active metabolite of the prodrug ceftaroline fosamil), a new cephalosporin recently approved in the USA for the treatment of community-acquired bacterial pneumonia, against serotyped Streptococcus pneumoniae causing community-acquired bacterial pneumonia from Europe and South Africa. METHODS: During 2007-08, 74 centres submitted 857 isolates of S. pneumoniae from patients with community-acquired bacterial pneumonia...
June 2012: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy
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