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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137181/structure-and-functional-analysis-of-promoters-from-two-liver-isoforms-of-cpt-i-in-grass-carp-ctenopharyngodon-idella
#1
Yi-Huan Xu, Zhi Luo, Kun Wu, Yao-Fang Fan, Wen-Jing You, Li-Han Zhang
Carnitine palmitoyltransferase I (CPT I) is a key enzyme involved in the regulation of lipid metabolism and fatty acid β-oxidation. To understand the transcriptional mechanism of CPT Iα1b and CPT Iα2a genes, we cloned the 2695-bp and 2631-bp regions of CPT Iα1b and CPT Iα2a promoters of grass carp (Ctenopharyngodon idella), respectively, and explored the structure and functional characteristics of these promoters. CPT Iα1b had two transcription start sites (TSSs), while CPT Iα2a had only one TSS. DNase I foot printing showed that the CPT Iα1b promoter was AT-rich and TATA-less, and mediated basal transcription through an initiator (INR)-independent mechanism...
November 13, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29119268/gene-structure-expression-pattern-and-interaction-of-nuclear-factor-y-family-in-castor-bean-ricinus-communis
#2
Yue Wang, Wei Xu, Zexi Chen, Bing Han, Mohammad E Haque, Aizhong Liu
Nuclear Factor-Y transcription factors, which function in regulating seed development (including storage reservoir accumulation) and responding to abiotic stresses, were identified and characterized in castor bean. Nuclear Factor-Y (NF-Y) transcription factors in plants contain three subunits (NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC), and function as a heterodimer or heterotrimer complex in regulating plant growth, development and response to stresses. Castor bean (Ricinus communis, Euphorbiaceae) one of the most economically important non-edible oilseed crops, able to grow in diverse soil conditions and displays high tolerance to abiotic stresses...
November 8, 2017: Planta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036620/fe-controls-the-transcription-of-downstream-flowering-regulators-through-two-distinct-mechanisms-in-leaf-phloem-companion-cells
#3
Mio Shibuta, Mitsutomo Abe
In the facultative long-day plant Arabidopsis thaliana, FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT), encoding the mobile hormone florigen, plays an essential role in modulating the optimal timing of flowering to ensure reproductive success. Under inductive long-day conditions, the transcription of FT is activated by the CONSTANS (CO)/NUCLEAR FACTOR-Y (NF-Y) protein complex in leaf phloem companion cells. FT is transported to the shoot apical meristem through interaction with florigen transporters, such as SODIUM POTASSIUM ROOT DEFECTIVE 1 (NaKR1)...
November 1, 2017: Plant & Cell Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28971909/hydroxyurea-differentially-modulates-activator-and-repressors-of-%C3%AE-globin-gene-in-erythroblasts-of-responsive-and-non-responsive-patients-with-sickle-cell-disease-in-correlation-with-index-of-hydroxyurea-responsiveness
#4
Xingguo Zhu, Tianxiang Hu, Meng Hsuan Ho, Yongchao Wang, Miao Yu, Niren Patel, Wenhu Pi, Jeong-Hyeon Choi, Hongyan Xu, Ferdane Kutlar, Vadivel Ganapathy, Abdullah Kutlar, Dorothy Tuan
Hydroxyurea, the first of two drugs approved by Food and Drug Administration for treating patients with sickle cell disease, produces anti-sickling effect by re-activating fetal γ-globin gene to enhance production of fetal hemoglobin. However, ~30% of the patients do not respond to hydroxyurea therapy. The molecular basis of non-responsiveness to hydroxyurea is not clearly understood. To address this question, we examined hydroxyurea-induced changes in the RNA and protein levels of transcription factors NF-Y, GATA-1, -2, BCL11A, TR4, MYB and NF-E4 that assemble the γ-globin promoter complex and regulate transcription of γ-globin gene...
September 29, 2017: Haematologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28956216/creb-nf-y-and-meis1-conserved-binding-sites-are-essential-to-balance-myostatin-promoter-enhancer-activity-during-early-myogenesis
#5
Carla Vermeulen Carvalho Grade, Carolina Stefano Mantovani, Marina Alves Fontoura, Faisal Yusuf, Beate Brand-Saberi, Lúcia Elvira Alvares
Myostatin (MSTN) is a strong inhibitor of skeletal muscle growth in human and other vertebrates. Its transcription is controlled by a proximal promoter/enhancer (Mstn P/E) containing a TATA box besides CREB, NF-Y, MEIS1 and FXR transcription factor binding sites (TFBSs), which are conserved throughout evolution. The aim of this work was to investigate the role of these TFBSs on Mstn P/E activity and evaluate the potential of their putative ligands as Mstn trans regulators. Mstn P/E mutant constructs were used to establish the role of conserved TFBSs using dual-luciferase assays...
October 2017: Molecular Biology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28924726/overexpression-of-the-transcription-factor-nf-yc9-confers-abscisic-acid-hypersensitivity-in-arabidopsis
#6
Chao Bi, Yu Ma, Xiao-Fang Wang, Da-Peng Zhang
Nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) family proteins are involved in many developmental processes and responses to environmental cues in plants, but whether and how they regulate phytohormone abscisic acid (ABA) signaling need further studies. In the present study, we showed that over-expression of the NF-YC9 gene confers ABA hypersensitivity in both the early seedling growth and stomatal response, while down-regulation of NF-YC9 does not affect ABA response in these processes. We also showed that over-expression of the NF-YC9 gene confers salt and osmotic hypersensitivity in early seedling growth, which is likely to be directly associated with the ABA hypersensitivity...
September 18, 2017: Plant Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28884444/the-ccaat-box-in-the-proximal-serca2-gene-promoter-regulates-basal-and-stress-induced-transcription-in-cardiomyocytes
#7
Jorge Fragoso-Medina, Gabriela Rodriguez, Angel Zarain-Herzberg
The cardiac sarco/endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+)-ATPase-2a (SERCA2a) is vital for the correct handling of calcium concentration in cardiomyocytes. Recent studies showed that the induction of endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress (ERS) with the SERCA2 inhibitor Thapsigargin (Tg) increases the mRNA and protein levels of SERCA2a. The SERCA2 gene promoter contains an ERS response element (ERSE) at position -78 bp that is conserved among species and might transcriptionally regulate SERCA2 gene expression. However, its involvement in SERCA2 basal and calcium-mediated transcriptional activation has not been elucidated...
September 7, 2017: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867566/activity-analysis-of-ltr12c-as-an-effective-regulatory-element-of-the-rae1-gene
#8
Yi-Deun Jung, Hee-Eun Lee, Ara Jo, Imai Hiroo, Hee-Jae Cha, Heui-Soo Kim
Ribonucleic acid export 1 (RAE1) plays an important role in the export of mature mRNAs from the nucleus to the cytoplasm. Long terminal repeats (LTRs) became integrated into the human genome during primate evolution. One such repeat element, LTR12C, lies within a predicted regulatory region located upstream of the RAE1 gene. We examined the transcriptional activity of LTR12C by using the luciferase assay, and showed that the tandem repeat region (TRR) located within LTR12C was required for its regulatory function...
November 15, 2017: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28866096/regulation-and-evolution-of-the-interaction-of-the-seed-b3-transcription-factors-with-nf-y-subunits
#9
REVIEW
C Boulard, A Fatihi, L Lepiniec, B Dubreucq
The LAFL genes (LEC2, ABI3, FUS3, LEC1) encode transcription factors that regulate different aspects of seed development, from early to late embryogenesis and accumulation of storage compounds. These transcription factors form a complex network, with members able to interact with various other players to control the switch between embryo development and seed maturation and, at a later stage in the plant life cycle, between the mature seed and germination. In this review, we first summarize our current understanding of the role of each member in the network in the light of recent advances regarding their regulation and structure/function relationships...
September 1, 2017: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28839256/activation-tagging-in-indica-rice-identifies-a-novel-transcription-factor-subunit-nf-yc13-associated-with-salt-tolerance
#10
P Manimaran, S Venkata Reddy, Mazahar Moin, M Raghurami Reddy, Poli Yugandhar, S S Mohanraj, S M Balachandran, P B Kirti
Nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) is a heterotrimeric transcription factor with three distinct NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC subunits. It plays important roles in plant growth, development and stress responses. We have reported earlier on development of gain-of-function mutants in an indica rice cultivar, BPT-5204. Now, we screened 927 seeds from 70 Ac/Ds plants for salinity tolerance and identified one activation-tagged salt tolerant DS plant (DS-16, T3 generation) that showed enhanced expression of a novel 'histone-like transcription factor' belonging to rice NF-Y subfamily C and was named as OsNF-YC13...
August 24, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28775165/ezh2-palmitoylation-mediated-by-zdhhc5-in-p53-mutant-glioma-drives-malignant-development-and-progression
#11
Xueran Chen, Huihui Ma, Zhen Wang, Shangrong Zhang, Haoran Yang, Zhiyou Fang
Gliomas with mutant p53 occurring in 30% of glioma patients exhibit therapeutic resistance and poor outcomes. In this study, we identify a novel mechanism through which mutant p53 drives cancer cell survival and malignant growth. We documented overexpression of the zinc finger protein ZDHHC5 in glioma compared with normal brain tissue and that this event tightly correlated with p53 mutations. Mechanistic investigations revealed that mutant p53 transcriptionally upregulated ZDHHC5 along with the nuclear transcription factor NF-Y...
September 15, 2017: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717181/discovery-of-novel-human-gene-regulatory-modules-from-gene-co-expression-and-promoter-motif-analysis
#12
Shisong Ma, Michael Snyder, Savithramma P Dinesh-Kumar
Deciphering gene regulatory networks requires identification of gene expression modules. We describe a novel bottom-up approach to identify gene modules regulated by cis-regulatory motifs from a human gene co-expression network. Target genes of a cis-regulatory motif were identified from the network via the motif's enrichment or biased distribution towards transcription start sites in the promoters of co-expressed genes. A gene sub-network containing the target genes was extracted and used to derive gene modules...
July 17, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707656/-regulation-of-heat-shock-gene-expression-in-response-to-stress
#13
REVIEW
D G Garbuz
Heat shock (HS) genes, or stress genes, code for a number of proteins that collectively form the most ancient and universal stress defense system. The system determines the cell capability of adaptation to various adverse factors and performs a variety of auxiliary functions in normal physiological conditions. Common stress factors, such as higher temperatures, hypoxia, heavy metals, and others, suppress transcription and translation for the majority of genes, while HS genes are upregulated. Transcription of HS genes is controlled by transcription factors of the HS factor (HSF) family...
May 2017: Molekuliarnaia Biologiia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702326/rev-erb-co-regulates-muscle-regeneration-via-tethered-interaction-with-the-nf-y-cistrome
#14
Ryan D Welch, Chun Guo, Monideepa Sengupta, Katherine J Carpenter, Natalie A Stephens, Stacy A Arnett, Marvin J Meyers, Lauren M Sparks, Steven R Smith, Jinsong Zhang, Thomas P Burris, Colin A Flaveny
OBJECTIVE: The loss of skeletal muscle mass and strength are a central feature of traumatic injury and degenerative myopathies. Unfortunately, pharmacological interventions typically fail to stem the long-term decline in quality of life. Reduced Rev-Erb-mediated gene suppression in cultured C2C12 myoblasts has been shown to stimulate myoblast differentiation. Yet the mechanisms that allow Rev-Erb to pleiotropically inhibit muscle differentiation are not well understood. In this study, we sought to elucidate the role of Rev-Erb in the regulation of muscle differentiation and regeneration in vivo...
July 2017: Molecular Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28693226/screening-of-potentially-crucial-genes-and-regulatory-factors-involved-in-epithelial-ovarian-cancer-using-microarray-analysis
#15
Can Shi, Zhenyu Zhang
The present study aimed to screen potential genes implicated in epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC) and to further understand the molecular pathogenesis of EOC. In order to do this, datasets GSE14407 (containing 12 human ovarian cancer epithelia samples and 12 normal epithelia samples) and GSE29220 (containing 11 salivary transcriptomes from ovarian cancer patients with serous papillary adenocarcinoma and 11 matched controls) were obtained from the Gene Expression Omnibus. Differentially expressed genes (DEGs) within these datasets were screened using the Linear Models for Microarray Data package, and potential gene functions were predicted by functional and pathway enrichment analyses...
July 2017: Oncology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28554693/overexpression-of-stnf-yb3-1-reduces-photosynthetic-capacity-and-tuber-production-and-promotes-aba-mediated-stomatal-closure-in-potato-solanum-tuberosum-l
#16
Guochao Xuanyuan, Congming Lu, Ruofang Zhang, Jiming Jiang
Nuclear factor Y (NF-Y) is one of the most ubiquitous transcription factors (TFs), comprising NF-YA, NF-YB and NF-YC subunits, and has been identified and reported in various aspects of development for plants and animals. In this work, StNF-YB3.1, a putative potato NF-YB subunit encoding gene, was isolated from Solanum tuberosum by rapid amplification of cDNA ends (RACE). Overexpression of StNF-YB3.1 in potato (cv. Atlantic) resulted in accelerated onset of flowering, and significant increase in leaf chlorophyll content in field trials...
August 2017: Plant Science: An International Journal of Experimental Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28526714/constans-imparts-dna-sequence-specificity-to-the-histone-fold-nf-yb-nf-yc-dimer
#17
Nerina Gnesutta, Roderick W Kumimoto, Swadhin Swain, Matteo Chiara, Chamindika Siriwardana, David S Horner, Ben F Holt, Roberto Mantovani
Nuclear Factor Y (NF-Y) is a heterotrimeric transcription factor that binds CCAAT elements. The NF-Y trimer is composed of a Histone Fold Domain (HFD) dimer (NF-YB/NF-YC) and NF-YA, which confers DNA sequence specificity. NF-YA shares a conserved domain with the CONSTANS, CONSTANS-LIKE, TOC1 (CCT) proteins. We show that CONSTANS (CO/B-BOX PROTEIN1 BBX1), a master flowering regulator, forms a trimer with Arabidopsis thaliana NF-YB2/NF-YC3 to efficiently bind the CORE element of the FLOWERING LOCUS T promoter...
June 2017: Plant Cell
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28446918/microrna-and-transcription-factor-key-players-in-plant-regulatory-network
#18
REVIEW
Abdul F A Samad, Muhammad Sajad, Nazaruddin Nazaruddin, Izzat A Fauzi, Abdul M A Murad, Zamri Zainal, Ismanizan Ismail
Recent achievements in plant microRNA (miRNA), a large class of small and non-coding RNAs, are very exciting. A wide array of techniques involving forward genetic, molecular cloning, bioinformatic analysis, and the latest technology, deep sequencing have greatly advanced miRNA discovery. A tiny miRNA sequence has the ability to target single/multiple mRNA targets. Most of the miRNA targets are transcription factors (TFs) which have paramount importance in regulating the plant growth and development. Various families of TFs, which have regulated a range of regulatory networks, may assist plants to grow under normal and stress environmental conditions...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439015/mutant-p53-perturbs-dna-replication-checkpoint-control-through-topbp1-and-treslin
#19
Kang Liu, Fang-Tsyr Lin, Joshua D Graves, Yu-Ju Lee, Weei-Chin Lin
Accumulating evidence supports the gain-of-function of mutant forms of p53 (mutp53s). However, whether mutp53 directly perturbs the DNA replication checkpoint remains unclear. Previously, we have demonstrated that TopBP1 forms a complex with mutp53s and mediates their gain-of-function through NF-Y and p63/p73. Akt phosphorylates TopBP1 and induces its oligomerization, which inhibits its ATR-activating function. Here we show that various contact and conformational mutp53s bypass Akt to induce TopBP1 oligomerization and attenuate ATR checkpoint response during replication stress...
May 9, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28391527/targeted-gene-disruption-coupled-with-metabolic-screen-approach-to-uncover-the-leafy-cotyledon1-like4-l1l4-function-in-tomato-fruit-metabolism
#20
Custódia Gago, Victoria Drosou, Konstantinos Paschalidis, Adriana Guerreiro, Graça Miguel, Dulce Antunes, Zoe Hilioti
Functional analysis of tomato L1L4 master transcription factor resulted in important metabolic changes affecting tomato fruit quality. Tomato fruits from mutant lines bearing targeted disruption of the heterotrimeric nuclear transcription factor Y (NF-Y) transcription factor (TF) gene LEAFY-COTYLEDON1-LIKE4 (L1L4, NF-YB6), a master regulator of biosynthesis for seed storage proteins and fatty acids, were evaluated for metabolites content and morphology. Metabolic screens using LC-MS/MS-based analysis and physico-chemical methods in different L1L4 mutants of the fourth generation allowed a comparative assessment of the effects of the TF disruption...
July 2017: Plant Cell Reports
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