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"child development"

Lia C H Fernald, Rose M C Kagawa, Heather A Knauer, Lourdes Schnaas, Armando Garcia Guerra, Lynnette M Neufeld
We examined effects on child development of a group-based parenting support program (Educación Inicial - EI) when combined with Mexico's conditional cash transfer (CCT) program (Prospera, originally Oportunidades and Progresa). This cluster-randomized trial included 204 communities (n = 1,113 children in final sample), stratified by community indigenous status, and assigned to receive either: (T0) CCT only; (T1) CCT plus availability of EI in the community; or (T2) T1 plus promotion of the EI program by the CCT program...
October 17, 2016: Developmental Psychology
Sari Ahlqvist-Björkroth, Zack Boukydis, Anna Margareta Axelin, Liisa Lehtonen
Parents of preterm infants commonly experience separation from their infant or exclusion from their role as primary caregivers during the hospital care of their infant, which may impair parent-infant bonding and parents' psychological well-being. Therefore, we developed the Close Collaboration with Parents™ intervention to improve staff skills in communicating and collaborating with parents in neonatal intensive care units (NICU), to increase parents' presence and participation into infant care, and to improve parent-infant bonding and, thereby, parents' psychological well-being and later child development...
October 12, 2016: Behavioural Brain Research
Philip A May, Anna-Susan Marais, Marlene M de Vries, Wendy O Kalberg, David Buckley, Julie M Hasken, Colleen M Adnams, Ronel Barnard, Belinda Joubert, Marise Cloete, Barbara Tabachnick, Luther K Robinson, Melanie A Manning, Kenneth Lyons Jones, Heidre Bezuidenhout, Soraya Seedat, Charles D H Parry, H Eugene Hoyme
BACKGROUND: The prevalence and characteristics of the continuum of diagnoses within fetal alcohol spectrum disorders (FASD) were researched in a fifth sample in a South African community. METHODS: An active case ascertainment approach was employed among all first grade learners in this community (n=862). Following individual examination by clinical geneticists/dysmorphologists, cognitive/behavioral testing, and maternal interviews, final diagnoses were made in multidisciplinary case conferences...
October 6, 2016: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
G B Ploubidis, A Sullivan, M Brown, A Goodman
BACKGROUND: This paper addresses the levels of psychological distress experienced at age 42 years by men and women born in 1958 and 1970. Comparing these cohorts born 12 years apart, we ask whether psychological distress has increased, and, if so, whether this increase can be explained by differences in their childhood conditions. METHOD: Data were utilized from two well-known population-based birth cohorts, the National Child Development Study and the 1970 British Cohort Study...
October 13, 2016: Psychological Medicine
Alan S Brown, David Gyllenberg, Heli Malm, Ian W McKeague, Susanna Hinkka-Yli-Salomäki, Miia Artama, Mika Gissler, Keely Cheslack-Postava, Myrna M Weissman, Jay A Gingrich, Andre Sourander
Importance: Speech/language, scholastic, and motor disorders are common in children. It is unknown whether exposure to selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) during pregnancy influences susceptibility to these disorders. Objective: To examine whether SSRI exposure during pregnancy is associated with speech/language, scholastic, and motor disorders in offspring up to early adolescence. Design, Setting, and Participants: This prospective birth cohort study examined national population-based register data in Finland from 1996 to 2010...
October 12, 2016: JAMA Psychiatry
Manuela Molinaro, Massimo Aiazzi, Antonio La Torre, Elisabetta Cini, Roberto Banfi
Preterm infants are at high risk of neonatal sepsis. We report a case of a preterm infant under prophylaxis with Lactobacillus Rhamnosus for necrotizing enterocolitis; the child develops neonatal sepsis by Lactobacillus Rhamnosus. The infection is improved after probiotic withdrawal and had complete remission after 20 days of specific antibiotic therapy.
September 2016: Recenti Progressi in Medicina
(no author information available yet)
This final rule makes regulatory changes to the Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) based on the Child Care and Development Block Grant Act of 2014. These changes strengthen requirements to protect the health and safety of children in child care; help parents make informed consumer choices and access information to support child development; provide equal access to stable, high-quality child care for low-income children; and enhance the quality of child care and the early childhood workforce.
September 30, 2016: Federal Register
Antoine Tanet, Annik Hubert-Barthelemy, Graciela C Crespin, Nicolas Bodeau, David Cohen, Catherine Saint-Georges
INTRODUCTION: Individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) who also exhibit severe-to-moderate ranges of intellectual disability (ID) still face many challenges (i.e., less evidence-based trials, less inclusion in school with peers). METHODS: We implemented a novel model called the "Developmental and Sequenced One-to-One Educational Intervention" (DS1-EI) in 5- to 9-year-old children with co-occurring ASD and ID. The treatment protocol was adapted for school implementation by designing it using an educational agenda...
2016: Frontiers in Pediatrics
Jennifer E Lansford, Marc H Bornstein, Kirby Deater-Deckard, Kenneth A Dodge, Suha M Al-Hassan, Dario Bacchini, Anna Silvia Bombi, Lei Chang, Bin-Bin Chen, Laura Di Giunta, Patrick S Malone, Paul Oburu, Concetta Pastorelli, Ann T Skinner, Emma Sorbring, Laurence Steinberg, Sombat Tapanya, Liane Peña Alampay, Liliana Maria Uribe Tirado, Arnaldo Zelli
International research on parenting and child development can advance our understanding of similarities and differences in how parenting is related to children's development across countries. Challenges to conducting international research include operationalizing culture, disentangling effects within and between countries, and balancing emic and etic perspectives. Benefits of international research include testing whether findings regarding parenting and child development replicate across diverse samples, incorporating cultural and contextual diversity to foster more inclusive and representative research samples and investigators than has typically occurred, and understanding how children develop in proximal parenting and family and distal international contexts...
September 2016: Child Development Perspectives
Sarah L O'Dor, Damion J Grasso, Danielle Forbes, John E Bates, Kimberly J McCarthy, Lauren S Wakschlag, Margaret J Briggs-Gowan
Elucidating the complex mechanisms by which harsh parenting increases risk of child psychopathology is key to targeted prevention. This requires nuanced methods that capture the varied perceptions and experiences of diverse families. The Family Socialization Interview-Revised (FSI-R), adapted from an interview developed by Dodge et al. (Child Development, 65, 649-665, 1994), is a comprehensive, semi-structured interview for characterizing methods of parental discipline used with young children. The FSI-R coding system systematically rates parenting style, usual discipline techniques, and most intense physical and psychological discipline based on rater judgment across two eras: (1) birth to the previous year, and (2) the previous year to present...
October 7, 2016: Prevention Science: the Official Journal of the Society for Prevention Research
Tarun Dua, Mark Tomlinson, Elizabeth Tablante, Pia Britto, Aisha Yousfzai, Bernadette Daelmans, Gary L Darmstadt
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 29, 2016: Lancet Global Health
Linda M Richter, Bernadette Daelmans, Joan Lombardi, Jody Heymann, Florencia Lopez Boo, Jere R Behrman, Chunling Lu, Jane E Lucas, Rafael Perez-Escamilla, Tarun Dua, Zulfiqar A Bhutta, Karin Stenberg, Paul Gertler, Gary L Darmstadt
Building on long-term benefits of early intervention (Paper 2 of this Series) and increasing commitment to early childhood development (Paper 1 of this Series), scaled up support for the youngest children is essential to improving health, human capital, and wellbeing across the life course. In this third paper, new analyses show that the burden of poor development is higher than estimated, taking into account additional risk factors. National programmes are needed. Greater political prioritisation is core to scale-up, as are policies that afford families time and financial resources to provide nurturing care for young children...
October 3, 2016: Lancet
J Hutchings, N Griffith, T Bywater, M E Williams
BACKGROUND: Early risk factors for poor child outcomes are well established, and some group parenting programmes have demonstrated good outcomes for children under 3 years of age. This randomized controlled trial evaluated the effectiveness of the Incredible Years® Toddler Parenting Programme with parents of 1-year-old and 2-year-old children recruited by staff in disadvantaged Flying Start areas across Wales. METHODS: Eighty-nine families with a child aged between 12 and 36 months at baseline participated in a pragmatic community-based trial of the programme in eight Flying Start areas...
October 5, 2016: Child: Care, Health and Development
Magali Leyvraz, James P Wirth, Bradley A Woodruff, Rajan Sankar, Prahlad R Sodani, Narottam D Sharma, Grant J Aaron
The Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) in the State of Telangana, India, freely provides a fortified complementary food product, Bal Amrutham, as a take-home ration to children 6-35 months of age. In order to understand the potential for impact of any intervention, it is essential to assess coverage and utilization of the program and to address the barriers to its coverage and utilization. A two-stage, stratified cross-sectional cluster survey was conducted to estimate the coverage and utilization of Bal Amrutham and to identify their barriers and drivers...
2016: PloS One
Lobna Ayadi, Manel Mallouli, Rim Kallel, Slim Charfi, Saadia Makni, Tahya Sellami Boudawara, Naourez Gouiaa
Tubulo-papillary apocrine adenoma (TAA) is a very rare sweat gland tumor. TAA in association with syringocystadenoma papilliferum (SCP) is exceptional. A 2-year-old Tunisian child developed a mixed tumor on the scalp: TAA in association with SCP. Histologically, the tumor consisted of dilated duct-like areas with some apocrine gland-like areas. The superficial part of the tumor was connected to the epidermis and showed the characteristics of SCP. The characteristics and differences in histopathologic and immunohistochemical findings in this mixed tumor are described...
October 2016: Annales de Pathologie
Gianluigi Perri, Sergio Filippelli, Rachele Adorisio, Roberta Iacobelli, Francesca Iodice, Giuseppina Testa, Maria Giovanna Paglietti, Domenico D'Amario, Massimo Massetti, Antonio Amodeo
OBJECTIVE: We report our experience with the use of a left ventricular assist device (LVAD) as destination therapy (DT) for the management of patients with cardiac end-stage dystrophinopathies. METHODS: From February 2011 to February 2016, 7 patients with dystrophinopathies and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) were treated with LVADs at our institution. Median age at surgery was 16.5 years (range, 14.2-23.4 years). All patients were preoperatively evaluated by a multidisciplinary team approach...
August 28, 2016: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Renaud Massart, Zsofia Nemoda, Matthew J Suderman, Sheila Sutti, Angela M Ruggiero, Amanda M Dettmer, Stephen J Suomi, Moshe Szyf
Studies in rodents, nonhuman primates, and humans suggest that epigenetic processes mediate between early life experiences and adult phenotype. However, the normal evolution of epigenetic programs during child development, the effect of sex, and the impact of early life adversity on these trajectories are not well understood. This study mapped the genome-wide DNA methylation changes in CD3+ T lymphocytes from rhesus monkeys from postnatal day 14 through 2 years of age in both males and females and determined the impact of maternal deprivation on the DNA methylation profile...
September 30, 2016: Development and Psychopathology
Melanie Killen, Adam Rutland, Tiffany Yip
In this article, the authors assert that (a) the topics of equity and justice reflect important areas of developmental science theory and research which have not yet been recognized as central areas of research in child development and developmental science, (b) a concern for social inequalities serves as a common thread binding equity and justice research across different areas in developmental science, and (c) equity and justice research can inform policies and practices that are designed to improve the lives of all children (including those who are members of stigmatized groups) reduce prejudice and bias, and create programs to rectify social inequalities...
September 2016: Child Development
Maiken Pontoppidan, Sihu K Klest, Joshua Patras, Signe Boe Rayce
OBJECTIVES: From a developmental perspective, infancy is a critical stage of life. Early childhood interventions aim to support caretakers, but the effects of universal interventions for parents with infants are unknown. The objective is to determine the effects of universal parenting interventions offered to parents with infants 0-12 months on measures of child development and parent-child relationship. DESIGN: A systematic review using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis...
2016: BMJ Open
S Garthus-Niegel, S Ayers, J Martini, T von Soest, M Eberhard-Gran
BACKGROUND: Against the background of very limited evidence, the present study aimed to prospectively examine the impact of maternal postpartum post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms on four important areas of child development, i.e. gross motor, fine motor, communication and social-emotional development. METHOD: This study is part of the large, population-based Akershus Birth Cohort. Data from the hospital's birth record as well as questionnaire data from 8 weeks and 2 years postpartum were used (n = 1472)...
September 29, 2016: Psychological Medicine
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