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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28812324/parents-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-mental-health-screening-using-home-visiting-programs-a-pilot-study
#1
Katie Johnson, Alicia Woodward, Sadie Swenson, Christine Weis, Margene Gunderson, Marilyn Deling, Valeria Cristiani, Brian Lynch
BACKGROUND: Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with adult high-risk behaviors and diseases. There is value in screening parents for ACEs given the repercussions parental ACEs may have on parenting behaviors and child development. The primary aim of this study was to assess the feasibility of parental ACE screening in the home setting. A secondary aim was to evaluate whether or not maternal ACEs correlated with maternal mental health measures. METHODS: Two home visiting programs that support early childhood development and conduct parental mental health screening implemented ACE screening for parents of infants <1 year of age...
August 15, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811379/geography-of-intergenerational-mobility-and-child-development
#2
Louis Donnelly, Irwin Garfinkel, Jeanne Brooks-Gunn, Brandon G Wagner, Sarah James, Sara McLanahan
Recent research by Chetty and colleagues finds that children's chances of upward mobility are affected by the communities in which they grow up [Chetty R, Hendren N (2016) Working paper 23002]. However, the developmental pathways through which communities of origin translate into future economic gain are not well understood. In this paper we examine the association between Chetty and Hendren's county-level measure of intergenerational mobility and children's cognitive and behavioral development. Focusing on children from low-income families, we find that growing up in a county with high upward mobility is associated with fewer externalizing behavioral problems by age 3 years and with substantial gains in cognitive test scores between ages 3 and 9 years...
August 15, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28808276/growing-up-habitually-barefoot-influences-the-development-of-foot-and-arch-morphology-in-children-and-adolescents
#3
Karsten Hollander, Johanna Elsabe de Villiers, Susanne Sehner, Karl Wegscheider, Klaus-Michael Braumann, Ranel Venter, Astrid Zech
The development of the human foot is crucial for motor learning in children and adolescents as it ensures the basic requirements for bipedal locomotion and stable standing. Although there is an ongoing debate of the advantages and disadvantages of early and permanent footwear use, the influence of regular barefootness on foot characteristics in different stages of child development has not been extensively evaluated. A multicenter epidemiological study was conducted to compare the foot morphology between habitually barefoot children and adolescents (N = 810) to age-, sex- and ethnicity-matched counterparts that are used to wearing shoes...
August 14, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28802211/research-priority-setting-for-integrated-early-child-development-and-violence-prevention-ecd-in-low-and-middle-income-countries-an-expert-opinion-exercise
#4
Mark Tomlinson, Mark Jordans, Harriet MacMillan, Theresa Betancourt, Xanthe Hunt, Christopher Mikton
Child development in low and middle income countries (LMIC) is compromised by multiple risk factors. Reducing children's exposure to harmful events is essential for early childhood development (ECD). In particular, preventing violence against children - a highly prevalent risk factor that negatively affects optimal child development - should be an intervention priority. We used the Child Health and Nutrition Initiative (CHNRI) method for the setting of research priorities in integrated Early Childhood Development and violence prevention programs (ECD+)...
August 9, 2017: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28796860/trends-in-visual-health-inequalities-in-childhood-through-associations-of-visual-function-with-sex-and-social-position-across-3-uk-birth-cohorts
#5
Vasiliki Bountziouka, Phillippa M Cumberland, Jugnoo S Rahi
Importance: Despite the existing country-specific strategies tackling social inequalities in visual health in adults, little is known about trends in visual function in childhood and its association with social position. Objective: To investigate the distribution of childhood visual function in the United Kingdom and associations with early-life social position between 1961 and 1986, a period of significant social change. Design, Setting, and Participants: Longitudinal cohort study using harmonized data sets from the British 1946, 1958, and 1970 national birth cohorts...
August 10, 2017: JAMA Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28795829/patterns-of-interparental-conflict-parenting-and-children-s-emotional-insecurity-a-person-centered-approach
#6
Olena Kopystynska, Katherine W Paschall, Melissa A Barnett, Melissa A Curran
We examined the relations between interparental conflict (destructive and constructive), parenting behaviors (harshness and supportiveness) and children's emotional insecurity in early childhood when children were approximately 36 months of age. The sample consisted of low-income unmarried couples who were expectant/new parents who participated in the national Building Strong Families project. Interparental conflict was assessed through parents' reported perception of the other parent's conflict behavior. Parenting behaviors were measured through observational data, and children's emotional insecurity was based on parents' reports...
August 10, 2017: Journal of Family Psychology: JFP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28792062/housing-and-child-well-being-implications-for-research-policy-and-practice
#7
Patrick J Fowler, Anne F Farrell
Inadequate housing and homelessness represent significant barriers to family stability and child development. An accumulating body of evidence documents the relatively high risk of family separation among families experiencing housing instability and homelessness, the extent of housing problems experienced by families involved in the child welfare system, and the disproportionately high rates of homelessness among youth aging out of foster care. Vulnerable youth and families interact frequently with various social service programs intended to mitigate multifaceted and multilevel risks, however, systems efforts and resources are rarely coordinated and results to date are mixed...
August 9, 2017: American Journal of Community Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28777972/maternal-posttraumatic-stress-disorder-during-the-perinatal-period-and-child-outcomes-a-systematic-review
#8
REVIEW
Natalie Cook, Susan Ayers, Antje Horsch
BACKGROUND: Approximately 3.3% of women in pregnancy have posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and 4% of women postpartum PTSD. The impact of maternal PTSD during the perinatal period (from conception until one year postpartum) on child outcomes has not been systematically examined. METHOD: A systematic review was conducted to synthesize and critically evaluate quantitative research investigating the association between perinatal PTSD and child outcomes. Databases EMBASE, BNI, Medline, PsycInfo and CINAHL were searched using specific inclusion and exclusion criteria...
July 27, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28776582/thyroid-disease-in-pregnancy-new-insights-in-diagnosis-and-clinical-management
#9
REVIEW
Tim I M Korevaar, Marco Medici, Theo J Visser, Robin P Peeters
Adequate thyroid hormone availability is important for an uncomplicated pregnancy and optimal fetal growth and development. Overt thyroid disease is associated with a wide range of adverse obstetric and child development outcomes. An increasing number of studies now indicate that milder forms of thyroid dysfunction are also associated with these adverse pregnancy outcomes. The definitions of both overt and subclinical thyroid dysfunction have changed considerably over the past few years, as new data indicate that the commonly used fixed upper limits of 2...
August 4, 2017: Nature Reviews. Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774355/funding-quality-pre-kindergarten-slots-with-philadelphia-s-new-sugary-drink-tax-simulating-effects-of-using-an-excise-tax-to-address-a-social-determinant-of-health
#10
Brent A Langellier, Félice Lê-Scherban, Jonathan Purtle
OBJECTIVE: Philadelphia passed a 1·5-cent-per-ounce sweetened beverage tax (SBT). Revenue will fund 10 000 quality pre-kindergarten slots for poor children. It is imperative to understand how revenue from SBT can be used to fund programmes to address education and other social determinants of health. The objective of the present study was to simulate quality pre-kindergarten attendance, educational achievement and sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption among Philadelphia children and adolescents under six intervention scenarios: (i) no intervention; (ii) 10 000 additional quality pre-kindergarten slots; (iii) a 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (iv) expanded pre-kindergarten and 1·5-cent-per-ounce SBT; (v) a 3-cent-per-ounce SBT; and (vi) expanded pre-kindergarten and 3-cent-per-ounce SBT...
August 4, 2017: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28771408/promoting-early-child-development-with-interventions-in-health-and-nutrition-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Tyler Vaivada, Michelle F Gaffey, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
CONTEXT: Although effective health and nutrition interventions for reducing child mortality and morbidity exist, direct evidence of effects on cognitive, motor, and psychosocial development is lacking. OBJECTIVE: To review existing evidence for health and nutrition interventions affecting direct measures of (and pathways to) early child development. DATA SOURCES: Reviews and recent overviews of interventions across the continuum of care and component studies...
August 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28767145/a-two-step-approach-for-analysis-of-nonignorable-missing-outcomes-in-longitudinal-regression-an-application-to-upstate-kids-study
#12
Danping Liu, Edwina H Yeung, Alexander C McLain, Yunlong Xie, Germaine M Buck Louis, Rajeshwari Sundaram
BACKGROUND: Imperfect follow-up in longitudinal studies commonly leads to missing outcome data that can potentially bias the inference when the missingness is nonignorable; that is, the propensity of missingness depends on missing values in the data. In the Upstate KIDS Study, we seek to determine if the missingness of child development outcomes is nonignorable, and how a simple model assuming ignorable missingness would compare with more complicated models for a nonignorable mechanism...
August 2, 2017: Paediatric and Perinatal Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764763/the-shrinking-health-advantage-unintentional-injuries-among-children-and-youth-from-immigrant-families
#13
Natasha Ruth Saunders, Alison Macpherson, Jun Guan, Lisa Sheng, Astrid Guttmann
BACKGROUND: Immigrants typically arrive in good health. This health benefit can decline as immigrants adopt behaviours similar to native-born populations. Risk of injury is low in immigrants but it is not known whether this changes with increasing time since migration. We sought to examine the association between duration of residence in Canada and risk of unintentional injury. METHODS: Population-based cross-sectional study of children and youth 0 to 24 years in Ontario, Canada (2011-2012), using linked health and administrative databases...
August 1, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762357/a-novel-approach-for-prosthodontic-management-of-patient-with-cleft-of-palate
#14
Shalini Goyal, Sapna Rani, Salil Pawah, Pankaj Sharma
Nutrition is important in every stage of child development. A child born with cleft lip and palate may experience difficulties while feeding due to the lack of seal of the oral cavity due to incomplete facial and palatal structures. Difficulty in feeding leads to inadequate nutrition and affects the health. Children with cleft lip and palate need certain modifications to thrive and grow. Feeding difficulties should be assessed and intervened as early as possible, as they are an important aspect of multidisciplinary team approach in management and may have an impact on long-term outcome...
July 2017: Journal of the Indian Society of Pedodontics and Preventive Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759255/child-development-and-the-community-environment-understanding-overweight-across-the-income-gradient
#15
Brittany R Schuler, Nicole O'Reilly
BACKGROUND: Childhood obesity is associated with increased risk of long-term health consequences. Despite the wealth of research, prevalence rates are still high, particularly among lower-income groups. Little is known about variations in risk of overweight/obesity across income gradients and the adolescent developmental stage. This study examines the association between distal community factors and adolescent weight status across income gradients and whether this association is moderated by age...
July 31, 2017: Childhood Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28758942/child-supervision-and-burn-outcome-among-admitted-patients-at-major-trauma-hospitals-in-the-gambia
#16
Edrisa Sanyang, Corinne Peek-Asa, Tracy Young, Laurence Fuortes
Burn-related injuries are a significant burden in children, particularly in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where more than 90% of burn-related pediatric deaths occur. Lack of adult supervision of children is a major risk for pediatric burn injuries. The goal of this paper was to examine the general characteristics of burns and identify burn injury outcomes among adult-supervised children compared to those who were not supervised. The study examined burn injury and clinical characteristics among all burn patients admitted to two trauma hospitals in The Gambia, West Africa...
July 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755567/microcephaly-and-zika-virus-neuroradiological-aspects-clinical-findings-and-a-proposed-framework-for-early-evaluation-of-child-development
#17
Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Ana Carolina de Campos, Fellipe Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Fernanda Pereira Dos Santos Silva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As the recent outbreak of microcephaly cases caused by Zika virus has been declared a global health emergency, providing assessment guidelines for multidisciplinary teams providing early developmental screening and stimulation to infants with microcephaly is much needed. Thus, the aim of this manuscript is to provide an overview on what is known about neuroradiological aspects and clinical findings in infants with microcephaly caused by Zika virus and to propose a framework for early evaluation of child development...
July 26, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752809/psychosocial-development-in-5-year-old-children-with-hearing-loss-using-hearing-aids-or-cochlear-implants
#18
Cara L Wong, Teresa Y C Ching, Linda Cupples, Laura Button, Greg Leigh, Vivienne Marnane, Jessica Whitfield, Miriam Gunnourie, Louise Martin
This article reports on the psychosocial development and factors influencing outcomes of 5-year-old children with cochlear implants (CIs) or hearing aids (HAs). It further examines differences between children with CIs and HAs with similar levels of hearing loss. Data were collected as part of the Longitudinal Outcomes of Children with Hearing Impairment study-a prospective, population-based study. Parents/caregivers of children completed the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire ( n = 333), the Social Skills subscale from the Child Development Inventory ( n = 317), and questionnaires on functional auditory behavior (Parents' Evaluation of Aural/oral performance of Children), and demographics...
January 2017: Trends in Hearing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752770/disorders-of-sex-development-mothers-experiences-of-support
#19
Clare Chivers, Jan Burns, Martha Deiros Collado
BACKGROUND: An increasing body of research has sought to determine the impact of Disorders of Sex Development (DSD) on the family of the affected child. Little is currently understood about the support needs of the family and how well these needs are met. METHODS: Interpretive Phenomenological Analysis was used to analyse semi-structured interviews with eight mothers of children with DSD about their experiences of support. RESULTS: Four master themes emerged which encapsulated (a) the stages in their child's development when mothers most needed support, (b) the importance of developing an understanding of the child's condition, (c) the lack of acknowledgement of the emotional needs of the parent and (d) the importance of having close and trusted networks for support...
July 1, 2017: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28749927/cdc-grand-rounds-addressing-health-disparities-in-early-childhood
#20
Lara R Robinson, Rebecca H Bitsko, Ross A Thompson, Paul H Dworkin, Mary Ann McCabe, Georgina Peacock, Phoebe G Thorpe
Research suggests that many disparities in overall health and well-being are rooted in early childhood (1,2). Stressors in early childhood can disrupt neurologic, metabolic, and immunologic systems, leading to poorer developmental outcomes (1). However, consistent, responsive caregiving relationships and supportive community and health care environments promote an optimal trajectory (3,4). The first 8 years of a child's life build a foundation for future health and life success (5-7). Thus, the cumulative and lifelong impact of early experiences, both positive and negative, on a child's development can be profound...
July 28, 2017: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
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