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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715787/micronutrients-during-pregnancy-and-child-psychomotor-development-opposite-effects-of-zinc-and-selenium
#1
Kinga Polanska, Wojciech Hanke, Anna Krol, Jolanta Gromadzinska, Renata Kuras, Beata Janasik, Wojciech Wasowicz, Fiorino Mirabella, Flavia Chiarotti, Gemma Calamandrei
Studies on the impact of micronutrient levels during different pregnancy periods on child psychomotor functions are limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between maternal plasma concentrations of selected micronutrients, such as: copper (Cu), zinc (Zn), selenium (Se), and child neuropsychological development. The study population consisted of 539 mother-child pairs from Polish Mother and Child Cohort (REPRO_PL). The micronutrient levels were measured in each trimester of pregnancy, at delivery and in the cord blood...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715786/background-lead-and-mercury-exposures-psychological-and-behavioral-problems-in-children
#2
Brooks B Gump, Matthew J Dykas, James A MacKenzie, Amy K Dumas, Bryce Hruska, Craig K Ewart, Patrick J Parsons, Christopher D Palmer, Kestutis Bendinskas
BACKGROUND: The potential harm from exposure to nonessential metals, particularly mercury (Hg) and lead (Pb), has been the focus of research for years. Initial interest focused on relatively high exposures; however, recent evidence suggests that even background exposures might have adverse consequences for child development. Identifying the extent of these consequences is now a priority. METHODS: We assessed blood Pb and Hg levels in a biracial sample of 9-11 year-old children (N = 203)...
July 14, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714607/new-insights-into-how-serotonin-selective-reuptake-inhibitors-shape-the-developing-brain
#3
REVIEW
Jay A Gingrich, Heli Malm, Mark S Ansorge, Alan Brown, Andre Sourander, Deepika Suri, Cátia M Teixeira, Martha K Caffrey Cagliostro, Darshini Mahadevia, Myrna M Weissman
Development passes through sensitive periods, during which plasticity allows for genetic and environmental factors to exert indelible influence on the maturation of the organism. In the context of central nervous system (CNS) development, such sensitive periods shape the formation of neuro-circuits that mediate, regulate, and control behavior. This general mechanism allows for development to be guided by both the genetic blueprint, as well as the environmental context. While allowing for adaptation, such sensitive periods are also windows of vulnerability during which external and internal factors can confer risk to brain disorders by derailing adaptive developmental programs...
July 17, 2017: Birth defects research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28714126/annual-research-review-early-adversity-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical-axis-and-child-psychopathology
#4
REVIEW
Kalsea J Koss, Megan R Gunnar
BACKGROUND: Research on early adversity, stress biology, and child development has grown exponentially in recent years. FINDINGS: We review the current evidence for the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical (HPA) axis as a stress-mediating mechanism between various forms of childhood adversity and psychopathology. We begin with a review of the neurobiology of the axis and evidence for relations between early adversity-HPA axis activity and HPA axis activity-psychopathology, as well as discuss the role of regulatory mechanisms and sensitive periods in development...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711232/sleep-an-underemphasized-aspect-of-health-and-development-in-neurorehabilitation
#5
Olaf Verschuren, Jan Willem Gorter, Lesley Pritchard-Wiart
Sleep deficiency has unique causes and implications for children with neonatal brain injury; contributing to the development or exacerbation of neurodevelopmental impairments and yet it is an underemphasized aspect of health and development. There is very little research evidence to guide the management of sleep disorders in children with cerebral palsy, a common neurodevelopmental disability of childhood. This paper is a comprehensive review and analysis of the literature regarding what is known about sleep quantity and quality in children with cerebral palsy...
July 12, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709750/health-outcomes-of-school-aged-children-conceived-using-donor-sperm
#6
David J Amor, Sharon Lewis, Joanne Kennedy, Emily Habgood, John McBain, Robert I McLachlan, Luk J Rombauts, Katrina Williams, Jane Halliday
The use of donor sperm is increasing, yet limited information is available about the health and development of children conceived from donor sperm. This retrospective descriptive study aimed to assess health and development in a cohort of school-aged children who were conceived using donor sperm. Participants included 224 children, aged 5-11 years, who were conceived using donor sperm. Participants' mothers completed a questionnaire comprising validated scales examining their child's current and past physical, psychosocial and mental health, healthcare needs and child development, as well as the mothers' health and wellbeing...
July 6, 2017: Reproductive Biomedicine Online
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28706729/a-retrospective-review-of-the-pediatric-development-clinic-implementation-a-model-to-improve-medical-nutritional-and-developmental-outcomes-of-at-risk-under-five-children-in-rural-rwanda
#7
Eric Ngabireyimana, Christine Mutaganzwa, Catherine M Kirk, Ann C Miller, Kim Wilson, Evodia Dushimimana, Olivier Bigirumwami, Evelyne S Mukakabano, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As more high-risk newborns survive the neonatal period, they remain at significant medical, nutritional, and developmental risk. However, no follow-up system for early intervention exists in most developing countries. In 2014, a novel Pediatric Development Clinic (PDC) was implemented to provide comprehensive follow-up to at-risk under-five children, led by nurses and social workers in a district hospital and surrounding health centers in rural Rwanda. METHODS: At each PDC visit, children undergo clinical/nutritional assessment and caregivers participate in counseling sessions...
2017: Maternal Health, Neonatology and Perinatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28705569/accompagnement-et-soutien-de-l%C3%A2-enfant-adopt%C3%A3-et-de-sa-famille
#8
REVIEW
Laetitia Baillod, Christine Poget
The stress associated with the initial abandonment is a significant risk factor in the quality of the child's development and their attachment to their new parents. Family support is essential in these situations. Nurses, in particular, play an essential role in establishing the parent-child relationship.
July 2017: Soins. Pédiatrie, Puériculture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704577/parenting-stress-and-development-of-late-preterm-infants-at-4-months-corrected-age
#9
Muhammad K Mughal, Carla S Ginn, Joyce Magill-Evans, Karen M Benzies
Parenting stress has been linked to child development issues in early preterm infants, but less is known about its effects on development in infants born late preterm. We examined relationships between parenting stress of 108 mothers and 108 fathers and development of late preterm infants born at 34 0/7 to 36 6/7 weeks gestation. At 4 months corrected age, mothers and fathers completed the Parenting Stress Index (PSI-3); mothers were primary caregivers in almost all families and completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-2) on child development...
July 13, 2017: Research in Nursing & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698828/a-case-of-pediatric-post-traumatic-stress-disorder-presenting-as-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-a-case-report
#10
Muhammad A Tahir, Nida R Gujar, Nusrat Jahan
In the past few years, there has been increased recognition that children, who have faced traumatic incidences, can develop post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), just like in adults. We present a case of PTSD in a 6-year-old child who endured three surgical procedures because he was suffering from a congenital cranial stenosis (Pfeiffer) syndrome. Because of repetitive painful episodes, resulting from the syndrome, and then post-surgical complications, the child developed behavioral outbursts, hypervigilence, concentration problems, and irritability...
May 10, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28698723/socioeconomic-status-index-to-interpret-inequalities-in-child-development
#11
Mahbobeh Ahmadi Doulabi, Firoozeh Sajedi, Roshanak Vameghi, Mohammad Ali Mazaheri, Alireza Akbarzadeh Baghban
OBJECTIVE: There have been contradictory findings on the relationship between Socioeconomic Status (SES) and child development although SES is associated with child development outcomes. The present study intended to define the relationship between SES and child development in Tehran kindergartens, Iran. MATERIALS & METHODS: This cross-sectional survey studied 1036 children aged 36-60 month, in different kindergartens in Tehran City, Iran, in 2014-2015. The principal factor analysis (PFA) model was employed to construct SES indices...
2017: Iranian Journal of Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697405/neurodevelopmental-outcome-of-italian-preterm-children-at-1year-of-corrected-age-by-bayley-iii-scales-an-assessment-using-local-norms
#12
Corinna Gasparini, Barbara Caravale, Monica Rea, Maria Franca Coletti, Valentina Tonchei, Silvia Bucci, Andrea Dotta, Mario De Curtis, Simonetta Gentile, Rosa Ferri
BACKGROUND: Premature birth is often associated with neurodevelopmental difficulties throughout childhood. In the first three years of life, the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development-Third Edition (Bayley-III) constitute one of the most used tools for assessing child development. Since Bayley-III original norms are based on United States (US) population, it remains uncertain whether their use in other countries (e.g., European) is appropriate. AIMS: This research aimed to examine neurodevelopment of preterm infants and full-term infants, using Bayley-III US norms in comparison to Italian (IT) norms...
July 8, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28692948/parenting-children-with-down-syndrome-an-analysis-of-parenting-styles-parenting-dimensions-and-parental-stress
#13
B Allyson Phillips, Frances Conners, Mary Elizabeth Curtner-Smith
BACKGROUND: Effective parenting is vital for a child's development. Although much work has been conducted on parenting typically developing children, little work has examined parenting children with Down syndrome. AIMS: The purpose of the current study was to compare the parenting styles and dimensions in mothers of children with DS and mothers of TD children. METHODS AND PROCEDURES: Thirty-five mothers of children with DS and 47 mothers of TD children completed questionnaires about parenting, parental stress, child behavior problems, and child executive function...
July 7, 2017: Research in Developmental Disabilities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691736/civic-science-for-public-use-mind-in-the-making-and-vroom
#14
Ellen Galinsky, Jackie Bezos, Megan McClelland, Stephanie M Carlson, Philip D Zelazo
Mind in the Making and Vroom are partner initiatives that exemplify a unique "civic science" approach to "bringing developmental science into the world." Mind in the Making offers families and professionals working with children 0-8 access to developmental research, by engaging them in an active process of professional development and community outreach. Vroom is an outreach and communication initiative that brings "brain building basics" to communities, inviting parents to participate in the science of early learning through partnerships with trusted entities...
July 10, 2017: Child Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28691625/health-visitors-vital-to-child-development
#15
(no author information available yet)
The RCN says that health visiting must be a top government priority if children are to flourish.
July 10, 2017: Nursing Children and Young People
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688075/coparenting-competence-in-parents-of-children-with-asd-a-marker-of-coparenting-quality
#16
Chris D May, Jennifer M St George, Richard J Fletcher, Ian Dempsey, Louise K Newman
The coparenting relationship has been linked to parenting stress, parenting self-efficacy and many other concerns associated with the development of children with ASD. Parents of children with ASD (N = 22) were interviewed to explore three domains of their coparenting relationship; (1) adaptation to the emergence of their child's autism, (2) parenting their child with ASD, (3) expectations for their child's developmental outcomes. The concept of coparenting competence, developed during analysis, describes collective perceptions of parenting efficacy...
July 7, 2017: Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28685048/prioritizing-research-for-integrated-implementation-of-early-childhood-development-and-maternal-newborn-child-and-adolescent-health-and-nutrition-platforms
#17
Renee Sharma, Michelle F Gaffey, Harold Alderman, Diego G Bassani, Kimber Bogard, Gary L Darmstadt, Jai K Das, Joseph E de Graft-Johnson, Jena D Hamadani, Susan Horton, Luis Huicho, Julia Hussein, Stephen Lye, Rafael Pérez-Escamilla, Kerrie Proulx, Kofi Marfo, Vanessa Mathews-Hanna, Mireille S Mclean, Atif Rahman, Karlee L Silver, Daisy R Singla, Patrick Webb, Zulfiqar A Bhutta
BACKGROUND: Existing health and nutrition services present potential platforms for scaling up delivery of early childhood development (ECD) interventions within sensitive windows across the life course, especially in the first 1000 days from conception to age 2 years. However, there is insufficient knowledge on how to optimize implementation for such strategies in an integrated manner. In light of this knowledge gap, we aimed to systematically identify a set of integrated implementation research priorities for health, nutrition and early child development within the 2015 to 2030 timeframe of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)...
June 2017: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28675136/policy-content-and-stakeholder-network-analysis-for-infant-and-young-child-feeding-in-india
#18
Seema Puri, Sylvia Fernandez, Amrita Puranik, Deepika Anand, Abhay Gaidhane, Zahiruddin Quazi Syed, Archana Patel, Shahadat Uddin, Anne Marie Thow
BACKGROUND: Over the last decade, infant and young child feeding (IYCF) indicators in India have improved. However, poor IYCF practices are still apparent, associated with pervasive high rates of child under-nutrition. Interventions to improve IYCF need augmentation by appropriate policy support to consolidate gains. The aim of this study was to identify opportunities to strengthen and support IYCF policies through a policy content and stakeholder network analysis. METHODS: IYCF policies and guidelines were systematically mapped and coded using predetermined themes...
June 13, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28674669/childhood-and-adult-socioeconomic-position-interact-to-predict-health-in-mid-life-in-a-cohort-of-british-women
#19
Daniel Nettle, Melissa Bateson
BACKGROUND: Low childhood socioeconomic position (cSEP) is associated with poorer adult health, even after adult socioeconomic position (aSEP) is adjusted for. However, whether cSEP and aSEP combine additively or non-additively in predicting adult health is less well studied. Some evidence suggests that the combination of low cSEP and low aSEP is associated with worse health than would be predicted from the sum of their individual effects. METHODS: Using data from female members of the British National Child Development Study cohort, we developed continuous quantitative measures of aSEP and cSEP, and used these to predict self-rated health at ages 23, 33, and 42...
2017: PeerJ
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673399/environmental-determinants-of-allergy-and-asthma-in-early-life
#20
REVIEW
Allison J Burbank, Amika K Sood, Matthew J Kesic, David B Peden, Michelle L Hernandez
Allergic disease prevalence has increased significantly in recent decades. Primary prevention efforts are being guided by study of the exposome (or collective environmental exposures beginning during the prenatal period) to identify modifiable factors that affect allergic disease risk. In this review we explore the evidence supporting a relationship between key components of the external exposome in the prenatal and early-life periods and their effect on atopy development focused on microbial, allergen, and air pollution exposures...
July 2017: Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
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