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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29776479/nursing-child-assessment-satellite-training-parent-child-interaction-scales-comparing-american-and-canadian-normative-and-high-risk-samples
#1
Nicole L Letourneau, Panagiota D Tryphonopoulos, Jason Novick, J Martha Hart, Gerald Giesbrecht, Monica L Oxford
PURPOSE: Many nurses rely on the American Nursing Child Assessment Satellite Training (NCAST) Parent-Child Interaction (PCI) Teaching and Feeding Scales to identify and target interventions for families affected by severe/chronic stressors (e.g. postpartum depression (PPD), intimate partner violence (IPV), low-income). However, the NCAST Database that provides normative data for comparisons may not apply to Canadian families. The purpose of this study was to compare NCAST PCI scores in Canadian and American samples and to assess the reliability of the NCAST PCI Scales in Canadian samples...
May 2018: Journal of Pediatric Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768525/effects-of-a-food-enriched-with-probiotics-on-streptococcus-mutans-and-lactobacillus-spp-salivary-counts-in-preschool-children-a-cluster-randomized-trial
#2
Judy Villavicencio, Lina Maria Villegas, Maria Cristina Arango, Susana Arias, Francia Triana
Probiotics have provided benefits to general health, but they are still insufficient to dental health. This study aimed to evaluate milk supplemented with probiotic bacteria and standard milk, measured by levels of Streptococcus mutans (S. mutans) and Lactobacillus spp., in 3-4-year-old children after 9 months of intervention. The study was a triple-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized trial. The sample was composed of 363 preschoolers attending five child development centers in Cali, Colombia. They were randomized to two groups: children in the intervention group drank 200 mL of milk with Lactobacillus rhamnosus 5x106 and Bifidobacteruim longum 3x106, and children in the control group drank 200 mL of standard milk...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Applied Oral Science: Revista FOB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766561/erythema-nodosum-arising-during-everolimus-therapy-for-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#3
Eloise R Galligan, Lindsey Fix, Laura E Levin, Lisa Imundo, Darrell J Yamashiro, Maria C Garzon
Indications for everolimus and other drugs within the mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitor class have recently expanded to include tuberous sclerosis complex. Everolimus is generally well tolerated, but it is important for physicians to identify and manage associated cutaneous adverse effects. We report the first case of a child developing erythema nodosum while undergoing everolimus therapy.
May 16, 2018: Pediatric Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759003/mothers-history-of-child-sexual-abuse-and-child-behavior-problems-the-mediating-role-of-mothers-helpless-state-of-mind
#4
Linnea Linde-Krieger, Tuppett M Yates
This investigation evaluated a theoretically specified model of associations among mothers' history of child sexual abuse (CSA), a helpless state of mind (SOM) with regard to the mother-child relationship, and increased behavior problems in the next generation. Moreover, we evaluated the moderating influence of child gender on predicted relations between mothers' CSA severity and helpless SOM (i.e., moderated mediation). Participants were 225 biological mother-preschooler dyads (48% female; 46.4% Latinx) drawn from an ongoing, longitudinal study of representation and regulation in child development...
January 1, 2018: Child Maltreatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29756186/polybrominated-diphenyl-ethers-in-cord-blood-and-perinatal-outcomes-from-laizhou-wan-birth-cohort-china
#5
Limei Chen, Caifeng Wang, Yan Zhang, Yijun Zhou, Rong Shi, Chang Cui, Yu Gao, Ying Tian
We explored whether polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) exposed in cord blood could have any potential relationship with perinatal outcomes. Participants were pregnant females (n = 222) who were recruited from a prospective birth cohort (Laizhou Wan Birth Cohort, LWBC) between September 2010 and February 2012. We measured eight PBDE congeners (BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, and BDE-183) in cord serum and examined their relationship with perinatal outcomes. The median levels of BDE-28, BDE-47, BDE-85, BDE-99, BDE-100, BDE-153, BDE-154, and BDE-183 were 2...
May 13, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754990/the-role-of-job-strain-in-understanding-midlife-common-mental-disorder-a-national-birth-cohort-study
#6
Samuel B Harvey, Dilan A Sellahewa, Min-Jung Wang, Josie Milligan-Saville, Bridget T Bryan, Max Henderson, Stephani L Hatch, Arnstein Mykletun
BACKGROUND: Long-standing concerns exist about reverse causation and residual confounding in the prospective association between job strain and risk of future common mental disorders. We aimed to address these concerns through analysis of data collected in the UK National Child Development Study, a large British cohort study. METHODS: Data from the National Child Development Study (n=6870) were analysed by use of multivariate logistic regression to investigate the prospective association between job strain variables at age 45 years and risk of future common mental disorders at age 50 years, controlling for lifetime psychiatric history and a range of other possible confounding variables across the lifecourse...
May 10, 2018: Lancet Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29751834/a-method-to-develop-vocabulary-checklists-in-new-languages-and-their-validity-to-assess-early-language-development
#7
Elizabeth L Prado, John Phuka, Eugenia Ocansey, Kenneth Maleta, Per Ashorn, Ulla Ashorn, Seth Adu-Afarwuah, Brietta M Oaks, Anna Lartey, Kathryn G Dewey
BACKGROUND: Since the adoption of United Nations' Sustainable Goal 4.2 to ensure that all children have access to quality early child development (ECD) so that they are ready for primary education, the demand for valid ECD assessments has increased in contexts where they do not yet exist. The development of early language ability is important for school readiness. Our objective was to evaluate the validity of a method to develop vocabulary checklists in new languages to assess early language development, based on the MacArthur-Bates Communicative Development Inventories...
May 11, 2018: Journal of Health, Population, and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743039/male-partner-attendance-at-antenatal-care-and-adherence-to-antenatal-care-guidelines-secondary-analysis-of-2011-ethiopian-demographic-and-health-survey-data
#8
Faye Forbes, Karen Wynter, Catherine Wade, Berihun M Zeleke, Jane Fisher
BACKGROUND: Complications during pregnancy, childbirth and the postpartum period present a significant and complex public health problem in low income countries such as Ethiopia. One strategy endorsed by the World Health Organisation (WHO) to improve maternal and child health outcomes is to encourage male partner involvement in pregnancy care. This research aimed to explore the relationships between 1) male attendance at antenatal care and 2) socio-economic and women's empowerment factors and adherence to focused antenatal care guidelines among women receiving care in Ethiopia...
May 9, 2018: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29737224/associations-between-childhood-biomedical-factors-maternal-smoking-personality-traits-body-and-mass-index-and-the-prevalence-of-asthma-in-adulthood
#9
Helen Cheng, Scott Montgomery, Luke Treglown, Adrian Furnham
OBJECTIVE: The study set out to investigate socio-economic, biomedical, health and behavioural and psychological factors in childhood and adulthood associated with the prevalence of asthma in adulthood, drawing data from The National Child Development Studies (NCDS), a birth cohort in the UK. DESIGN: The National Child Development Study, a nationally representative sample of 17,415 babies born in Great Britain in 1958 and followed up at 7, 11, 33 and 50 years was used...
May 8, 2018: Psychology & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735895/the-influence-of-maternal-and-household-resources-and-parental-psychosocial-child-stimulation-on-early-childhood-development-a-cross-sectional-study-of-children-36%C3%A2-59-months-in-honduras
#10
Helga Bjørnøy Urke, Mariela Contreras, Dennis Juma Matanda
Optimal early childhood development (ECD) is currently jeopardized for more than 250 million children under five in low- and middle-income countries. The Sustainable Development Goals has called for a renewed emphasis on children’s wellbeing, encompassing a holistic approach that ensures nurturing care to facilitate optimal child development. In vulnerable contexts, the extent of a family’s available resources can influence a child’s potential of reaching its optimal development...
May 7, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29731807/family-functioning-and-children-s-sleep
#11
Mona El-Sheikh, Ryan J Kelly
Sleep is a pivotal correlate and predictor of many domains of child development, including socioemotional adjustment, physical health, and cognitive functioning. The family plays a major role in shaping children's sleep-wake behaviors, and developmental research on children's sleep in a family context is on the rise. As in any relatively young field, many gaps and questions remain. In this article, we aim to advance this literature by illustrating ways to examine the interconnections between family functioning and children's sleep...
December 2017: Child Development Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730828/child-maltreatment-identification-rates-in-a-child-development-center-suggestions-for-improved-detection
#12
Mitchell Schertz, Yael Karni-Visel, Irit Hershkowitz, Michal Flaisher, Fabienne Hershkowitz
Under-identification of child maltreatment (CM) remains a significant problem. The study aim was to examine rates of CM identification in a child development center (CDC) vs. a community clinic (CC). This was a cross-sectional study, involving study (CDC) and comparison groups (CC) and using administrative data for the period 2011-2015. The study group consisted of children 0-18 years belonging to the Meuhedet Health Maintenance Organization (HMO)-Northern Region, who attended the CDC, including satellite clinics, for assessment/treatment...
May 5, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29726749/international-variation-in-programmes-for-assessment-of-children-s-neurodevelopment-in-the-community-understanding-disparate-approaches-to-evaluation-of-motor-social-emotional-behavioural-and-cognitive-function
#13
Philip Wilson, Rachael Wood, Kirsten Lykke, Anette Hauskov Graungaard, Ruth Kirk Ertmann, Merethe Kirstine Andersen, Ole Rikard Haavet, Per Lagerløv, Eirik Abildsnes, Mina P Dahli, Marjukka Mäkelä, Aleksi Varinen, Merja Hietanen
BACKGROUND: Few areas of medicine demonstrate such international divergence as child development screening and surveillance. Many countries have nationally mandated surveillance policies, but the content of programmes and mechanisms for delivery vary enormously. The cost of programmes is substantial but no economic evaluations have been carried out. We have critically examined the history, underlying philosophy, content and delivery of programmes for child development assessment in five countries with comprehensive publicly funded health services (Denmark, Finland, Norway, Scotland and Sweden)...
May 1, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29718927/predictive-saccades-in-children-and-adults-a-combined-fmri-and-eye-tracking-study
#14
Katerina Lukasova, Mariana P Nucci, Raymundo Machado de Azevedo Neto, Gilson Vieira, João R Sato, Edson Amaro
Saccades were assessed in 21 adults (age 24 years, SD = 4) and 15 children (age 11 years, SD = 1), using combined functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and eye-tracking. Subjects visually tracked a point on a horizontal line in four conditions: time and position predictable task (PRED), position predictable (pPRED), time predictable (tPRED) and visually guided saccades (SAC). Both groups in the PRED but not in pPRED, tPRED and SAC produced predictive saccades with latency below 80 ms. In task versus group comparisons, children's showed less efficient learning compared to adults for predictive saccades (adults = 48%, children = 34%, p = 0...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29717504/resources-for-nurturing-childcare-practices-in-urban-and-rural-settings-findings-from-the-colombia-2010-demographic-and-health-survey
#15
H B Urke, M B Mittelmark, D A Amugsi, D J Matanda
BACKGROUND: The health and development potential of young children is dependent on nurturing care (NC) provided by primary caregivers. NC encompasses attention to nutrition; symptom management; early learning, attachment, and socialization; and security and safety. Despite the importance of NC to child health and development, the measurement and study of NC are neglected. This has become a point of major concern in the public health field in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) such as Colombia where many families are hard pressed for childcare resources...
May 1, 2018: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29712865/mechanism-for-survival-of-homozygous-nonsense-mutations-in-the-tumor-suppressor-gene-brca1
#16
Aaron Seo, Orna Steinberg-Shemer, Sule Unal, Silvia Casadei, Tom Walsh, Fatma Gumruk, Stavit Shalev, Akiko Shimamura, Nurten Ayse Akarsu, Hannah Tamary, Mary-Claire King
BRCA1 is essential for repair of DNA double-strand breaks by homologous recombination, and hence for survival. Complete loss of its function is lethal during early embryonic development. Patients who are compound heterozygous for BRCA1 truncating mutations and missense alleles that retain some DNA repair capacity may survive, albeit with very high risk of early onset breast or ovarian cancer and features of Fanconi anemia. However, a mechanism enabling survival of patients homozygous for BRCA1 truncating mutations has not been described...
April 30, 2018: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29710097/effectiveness-of-universal-self-regulation-based-interventions-in-children-and-adolescents-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
Anuja Pandey, Daniel Hale, Shikta Das, Anne-Lise Goddings, Sarah-Jayne Blakemore, Russell M Viner
Importance: Childhood and adolescence self-regulation (SR) is gaining importance as a target of intervention because of mounting evidence of its positive associations with health, social and educational outcomes. Objective: To conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of rigorously evaluated interventions to improve self-regulation in children and adolescents. Data Sources: Keyword searches of the PsycINFO, PubMed, EMBASE, CINAHL Plus, ERIC, British Education Index, Child Development and Adolescent Studies, and CENTRAL were used to identify all studies published through July 2016...
April 16, 2018: JAMA Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29702472/fundamental-motor-skills-nutritional-status-perceived-competence-and-school-performance-of-brazilian-children-in-social-vulnerability-gender-comparison
#18
Glauber Carvalho Nobre, Nadia Cristina Valentini, Francisco Salviano Sales Nobre
Being at risk or in social vulnerability situations can affect important aspects of child development. The aim of this study was to investigate fundamental motor skills (locomotor and object control) and school (writing, arithmetic, reading) performances, the perceived competence and the nutritional status of girls and boys living in social vulnerability in the poorest regions of Brazil. Two hundred eleven (211) children (87 girls, 41%), 7-10-year-old (M = 8.3, SD = 0.9), from public schools in Ceará (Brazil), living in social vulnerability, participated in the study...
April 23, 2018: Child Abuse & Neglect
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701424/perioperative-family-centered-care-nursing-interventions-that-support-child-and-family-s-emotional-management
#19
Dario Antunes, Paula Diogo
INTRODUCTION: Hospitalization is a negative tonality experience for both child and family, being fear and anxiety their emotional mirror. Concerning the surgical experience, the environment, invasiveness, fear of pain, of not waking up from anaesthesia and parental separation are both causes and enhancers of child and family perioperative distress. A study concerning parent's emotional experience of child's submitted to cardiac surgery, refer guilt for their son's cardiopathy, a roller coaster of emotions, impotence and being seated on pins and needles while waiting during the surgery...
July 2017: Revista Portuguesa de Cirurgia Cardio-torácica e Vascular
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29701278/the-impact-of-general-anesthesia-on-child-development-and-school-performance-a-population-based-study
#20
Francisco J Schneuer, Jason P Bentley, Andrew J Davidson, Andrew Ja Holland, Nadia Badawi, Andrew J Martin, Justin Skowno, Samantha J Lain, Natasha Nassar
BACKGROUND: There has been considerable interest in the possible adverse neurocognitive effects of exposure to general anesthesia and surgery in early childhood. AIMS: The aim of this data linkage study was to investigate developmental and school performance outcomes of children undergoing procedures requiring general anesthesia in early childhood. METHODS: We included children born in New South Wales, Australia of 37+ weeks' gestation without major congenital anomalies or neurodevelopmental disability with either a school entry developmental assessment in 2009, 2012, or Grade-3 school test results in 2008-2014...
April 27, 2018: Paediatric Anaesthesia
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