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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28914730/family-and-environmental-influences-on-child-behavioral-health-the-role-of-neighborhood-disorder-and-adverse-childhood-experiences
#1
Xiafei Wang, Kathryn Maguire-Jack
OBJECTIVE: The Adverse Childhood Experiences study suggests childhood adversity is a "root" origin for health and human development. Newer research is examining the more immediate impact of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) on child development and the impact of neighborhood environment on the likelihood of and prevention ACEs. The extent to which all of these aspects of the child context fit together remains unclear. The current study seeks to fill this gap examining the precursors for ACEs and the multitude of ways in which a child's home life can impact his or her development...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28910929/-cross-sectional-survey-of-autism-spectrum-disorders-in-children-aged-0-6-years-in-hainan-province
#2
L Li, X L Li, W X Wu, X F Cai, X L Fan, X H Wei, T T Sun
Objective: To understand the prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in children aged 0-6 years old and influencing factors in Hainan province. Methods: A total of 37 862 children aged 0-6 years were selected from 18 counties in Hainan province for a screening by using questionnaire of"warning signs in child development", then field diagnosis was made, and general descriptive statistic analysis was conducted. The prevalence of ASD and related factors were analyzed with χ(2) test and unconditional logistic regression model...
September 10, 2017: Zhonghua Liu Xing Bing Xue za Zhi, Zhonghua Liuxingbingxue Zazhi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28903892/effectiveness-of-smartmoms-a-novel-ehealth-intervention-for-management-of-gestational-weight-gain-randomized-controlled-pilot-trial
#3
Leanne M Redman, L Anne Gilmore, Jeffrey Breaux, Diana M Thomas, Karen Elkind-Hirsch, Tiffany Stewart, Daniel S Hsia, Jeffrey Burton, John W Apolzan, Loren E Cain, Abby D Altazan, Shelly Ragusa, Heather Brady, Allison Davis, J Mick Tilford, Elizabeth F Sutton, Corby K Martin
BACKGROUND: Two-thirds of pregnant women exceed gestational weight gain (GWG) recommendations. Because excess GWG is associated with adverse outcomes for mother and child, development of scalable and cost-effective approaches to deliver intensive lifestyle programs during pregnancy is urgent. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to decrease the proportion of women who exceed the Institute of Medicine (IOM) 2009 GWG guidelines. METHODS: In a parallel-arm randomized controlled trial, 54 pregnant women (age 18-40 years) who were overweight (n=25) or obese (n=29) were enrolled to test whether an intensive lifestyle intervention (called SmartMoms) decreased the proportion of women with excess GWG, defined as exceeding the 2009 IOM guidelines, compared to no intervention (usual care group)...
September 13, 2017: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28902228/comparative-analysis-of-initial-vocalizations-of-preterm-and-full-term-infants-with-and-without-risk-for-development
#4
Isabela de Moraes Fattore, Rejane Maiara Uhde, Luciéle Dias Oliveira, Antônia Motta Roth, Ana Paula Ramos de Souza
Purpose: To compare the evolution of vocalization in preterm and full-term infants, with and without risk for development, analyzing the possible association of sociodemographic, obstetric and psychosocial variables with vocalization. Methods: The study sample consisted of 30 infants, aged 3 months and 1 day to 4 months and 29 days (Phase 1) and 6 months and 1 day to 7 months and 29 days (Phase 2), of both genders, with gestational age <37 weeks (preterm group) and >37 weeks (full-term group)...
August 24, 2017: CoDAS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899616/risk-factors-for-dental-problems-recommendations-for-oral-health-in-infancy
#5
REVIEW
Yvonne Wagner, Roswitha Heinrich-Weltzien
Primary care providers, gynaecologists and paediatricians have to be aware of the importance of oral health in infancy and possible consequences for child's development, growth, health and quality of life. Oral diseases, particularly dental caries, developmental defects of the dental tissues and periodontal or orthodontic issues have a complex and interrelated aetiology with common, primarily behavioral based risk factors. A sugar-rich diet is the key risk factor with detrimental consequences for general and oral health, particularly in combination with an insufficient oral hygiene...
September 9, 2017: Early Human Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28893979/exposure-to-unpredictable-maternal-sensory-signals-influences-cognitive-development-across-species
#6
Elysia Poggi Davis, Stephanie A Stout, Jenny Molet, Brian Vegetabile, Laura M Glynn, Curt A Sandman, Kevin Heins, Hal Stern, Tallie Z Baram
Maternal care is a critical determinant of child development. However, our understanding of processes and mechanisms by which maternal behavior influences the developing human brain remains limited. Animal research has illustrated that patterns of sensory information is important in shaping neural circuits during development. Here we examined the relation between degree of predictability of maternal sensory signals early in life and subsequent cognitive function in both humans (n = 128 mother/infant dyads) and rats (n = 12 dams; 28 adolescents)...
September 11, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892551/transforming-the-pediatric-experience-the-story-of-child-life
#7
Kia Beickert, Kelsey Mora
During the past century, child life programming has evolved into a standard of care for children experiencing life's most challenging events. From pediatric outpatient clinics and dentists' offices to funeral homes and courtrooms, children are now being provided access to professionals that relieve the anxiety and fear associated with emotional and physical pain. Recognized by the American Academy of Pediatrics, child life specialists focus on the "strengths and sense of well-being of children while promoting their optimal development and minimizing the adverse effects of children's experiences in health care or other potentially stressful settings...
September 1, 2017: Pediatric Annals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892455/modeling-specific-antibody-responses-to-natural-immunization-to-predict-a-correlate-of-protection-against-infection-before-commencing-a-clinical-vaccine-trial
#8
Anthony Almudevar, Michael E Pichichero
i) Background: Clinical trials of vaccines for children to prevent acute otitis media (AOM) infections caused by the bacteria Streptococcus pneumonia (Spn) are in Phase I. The objective of this study was to use serum antibody measurements to pneumococcal purified protein candidate antigens that occurred after natural "immunization" to predict a correlate of protection response needed following an injectable vaccine against AOM in children. METHODS: 590 nasal and serum samples were collected from 129 healthy children at 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 24 and 30-36 months of age and when the child developed AOM...
September 11, 2017: Human Vaccines & Immunotherapeutics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28892122/effects-of-prenatal-alcohol-consumption-on-cognitive-development-and-adhd-related-behaviour-in-primary-school-age-a-multilevel-study-based-on-meconium-ethyl-glucuronide
#9
Anna Eichler, Linda Hudler, Juliane Grunitz, Jennifer Grimm, Eva Raabe, Tamme W Goecke, Peter A Fasching, Matthias W Beckmann, Oliver Kratz, Gunther H Moll, Johannes Kornhuber, Hartmut Heinrich
BACKGROUND: Alcohol intake during pregnancy is considered to be a risk factor for child development. Child biomarkers of intrauterine alcohol exposure have been rarely studied. We investigated whether a meconium alcohol metabolite (ethyl glucuronide, EtG) was associated with cognitive development, ADHD-related behaviour and neurophysiological markers of attention and executive control of children at primary-school age. METHODS: Mothers provided self-report on prenatal alcohol consumption during their 3rd trimester...
September 11, 2017: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28889046/a-systematic-review-of-measures-of-mental-health-and-emotional-wellbeing-in-parents-of-children-aged-0-5
#10
REVIEW
Rebecca Webb, Susan Ayers, Camilla Rosan
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of women with young children experience mental health problems and recent research suggests fathers may also be affected. This may have a long term negative impact on the child's development with significant costs to society. Appropriate measures are therefore needed to identify parents and children at risk. METHOD: This literature review aimed to identify the most reliable, evidence based global measures of mental health for parents of infants from pregnancy to 5 years postpartum (0-5 years)...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Affective Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888348/nursing-across-the-lifespan-implications-of-lifecourse-theory-for-nursing-research
#11
Randi A Bates, Lisa M Blair, Emma C Schlegel, Colleen M McGovern, Marliese Dion Nist, Stephanie Sealschott, Kimberly Arcoleo
Despite the lifecourse focus of nursing clinical care, nursing research largely remains cross-sectional or process-oriented within silos determined by patient characteristics such as age, acuity, or disease process. Incorporating interdisciplinary lifecourse theory into pediatric nursing research provides the opportunity to expand nursing theories and research beyond practice, age, and disease silos. One such theory is the Lifecourse Health Development (LCHD) framework. LCHD takes a more expansive view of health development from preconception through old age based on the premise that health is a consequence of transactions between genetic, biological, behavioral, social, and economic contexts that change as a child develops over time (Halfon & Hochstein, 2002)...
September 7, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28882876/post-up-study-postpartum-depression-screening-in-well-child-care-and-maternal-outcomes
#12
Angarath I van der Zee-van den Berg, Magda M Boere-Boonekamp, Catharina G M Groothuis-Oudshoorn, Maarten J IJzerman, Riet M E Haasnoot-Smallegange, Sijmen A Reijneveld
OBJECTIVES: Postpartum depression often remains unaddressed. Screening in well-child care (WCC) may improve early detection, promote maternal recovery, and reduce effects on child development. We assessed the effectiveness of screening for postpartum depression in WCC compared with care as usual (CAU) on outcomes at mother and child levels. METHODS: In a prospective, quasiexperimental, comparative design, mothers visiting Dutch WCC centers were exposed either to screening at 1, 3, and 6 months postpartum (n = 1843) or to CAU (n = 1246)...
September 7, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873813/designing-out-the-play-accessibility-and-playfulness-in-inclusive-play
#13
Raymond Holt, Angharad Beckett
Play is an important part of child development, yet disabled children are often excluded from the opportunity to play, either due to lack of accessible toys and games, or social pressures. This paper presents a case study reflecting on the development of Button Bash: a switch accessible game intended to encourage inclusive play between disabled and non-disabled children. In particular, the paper focuses on how changes intended to make the game more accessible tended to make it less playful, and reflects on the relationship between playfulness and accessibility...
2017: Studies in Health Technology and Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28873168/vision-screening-in-children-aged-6-months-to-5-years-us-preventive-services-task-force-recommendation-statement
#14
David C Grossman, Susan J Curry, Douglas K Owens, Michael J Barry, Karina W Davidson, Chyke A Doubeni, John W Epling, Alex R Kemper, Alex H Krist, Ann E Kurth, C Seth Landefeld, Carol M Mangione, Maureen G Phipps, Michael Silverstein, Melissa A Simon, Chien-Wen Tseng
Importance: One of the most important causes of vision abnormalities in children is amblyopia (also known as "lazy eye"). Amblyopia is an alteration in the visual neural pathway in a child's developing brain that can lead to permanent vision loss in the affected eye. Among children younger than 6 years, 1% to 6% have amblyopia or its risk factors (strabismus, anisometropia, or both). Early identification of vision abnormalities could prevent the development of amblyopia. Subpopulation Considerations: Studies show that screening rates among children vary by race/ethnicity and family income...
September 5, 2017: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871592/bangladeshi-school-age-children-s-experiences-and-perceptions-on-child-maltreatment-a-qualitative-interview-study
#15
M Atiqul Haque, S Janson, S Moniruzzaman, A K M F Rahman, S R Mashreky, U-B Eriksson
BACKGROUND: Child maltreatment (CM) is a public health problem and is recognized as a huge barrier for child development. Most of the research and definitions on CM are from the perspective of high-income western countries. Because no major studies have been conducted on CM in Bangladesh, the aim of the current study was to explore the experiences of and perceptions on CM in school-age children in rural and urban Bangladesh in order to understand maltreatment in a local context and from a child perspective...
September 4, 2017: Child: Care, Health and Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28871588/primary-pleuropulmonary-synovial-sarcoma-with-brain-metastases-in-a-paediatric-patient-an-unusual-presentation
#16
Pushpak Chandrakant Chirmade, Sonia Parikh, Asha Anand, Harsha Panchal, Apurva Patel, Sandip Shah
Primary lung neoplasms are rare in children. The most common primary lung malignancies in children are pleuropulmonary blastoma and carcinoid tumour. Synovial sarcoma (SS) accounts for approximately 1% of all childhood malignancies. In absolute terms, the SS of the lungs and pleura are extremely rare and pose a diagnostic difficulty. Soft tissue sarcomas usually have a high potential for metastases, however, metastasis to the brain is rare, even in widely disseminated disease, and it has been described only in 3 case reports previously...
2017: Advances in Respiratory Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28870372/dha-and-epa-in-red-blood-cell-membranes-are-associated-with-dietary-intakes-of-omega-3-rich-fish-in-healthy-children
#17
Colleen A Parks, Neil R Brett, Sherry Agellon, Paula Lavery, Catherine A Vanstone, Jonathon L Maguire, Frank Rauch, Hope A Weiler
Omega-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (n-3 LCPUFA) are important in child development. The primary objective of this study was to investigate the associations between dietary intakes of n-3 LCPUFA and red blood cell (RBC) n-3 LCPUFA in young children. Healthy children, (2-8y) underwent RBC fatty acid profiling. Dietary intakes were parent-reported over 6 mo using three 24h dietary intake assessments and three 30 d food frequency questionnaires (FFQ). Participants (n = 49, 5.6 ± 1.9y), were 59% male, and had a body mass index (BMI) z-score of 0...
September 2017: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865661/methods-to-assess-adverse-childhood-experiences-of-children-and-families-toward-approaches-to-promote-child-well-being-in-policy-and-practice
#18
Christina D Bethell, Adam Carle, James Hudziak, Narangerel Gombojav, Kathleen Powers, Roy Wade, Paula Braveman
BACKGROUND: Advances in human development sciences point to tremendous possibilities to promote healthy child development and well-being across life by proactively supporting safe, stable and nurturing family relationships (SSNRs), teaching resilience, and intervening early to promote healing the trauma and stress associated with disruptions in SSNRs. Assessing potential disruptions in SSNRs, such as adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), can contribute to assessing risk for trauma and chronic and toxic stress by asking about ACEs can help with efforts to prevent and attenuate negative impacts on child development and both child and family well-being...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28865659/prioritizing-possibilities-for-child-and-family-health-an-agenda-to-address-adverse-childhood-experiences-and-foster-the-social-and-emotional-roots-of-well-being-in-pediatrics
#19
Christina D Bethell, Michele R Solloway, Stephanie Guinosso, Sandra Hassink, Aditi Srivastav, David Ford, Lisa A Simpson
OBJECTIVE: A convergence of theoretical and empirical evidence across many scientific disciplines reveals unprecedented possibilities to advance much needed improvements in child and family well-being by addressing adverse childhood experiences (ACEs), promoting resilience, and fostering nurturance and the social and emotional roots of healthy child development and lifelong health. In this article we synthesize recommendations from a structured, multiyear field-building and research, policy, and practice agenda setting process to address these issues in children's health services...
September 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28864703/admission-to-psychiatric-hospital-for-mental-illnesses-2-years-prechildbirth-and-postchildbirth-in-scotland-a-health-informatics-approach-to-assessing-mother-and-child-outcomes
#20
Julie Langan Martin, Gary McLean, Daniel Martin, Roch Cantwell, Daniel J Smith
OBJECTIVE: To identify factors associated with: admission to a specialist mother and baby unit (MBU) and the impact of perinatal mental illness on early childhood development using a data linkage approach in the 2 years prechildbirth and postchildbirth. METHODS: Scottish maternity records (SMR02) were linked to psychiatric hospital admissions (SMR04). 3290 pregnancy-related psychiatric admissions for 1730 women were assessed. To investigate factors associated with MBU admission, the group of mothers admitted to an MBU were compared with those admitted to general psychiatric wards...
September 1, 2017: BMJ Open
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