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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141590/health-nutrition-and-development-of-children-born-preterm-and-low-birth-weight-in-rural-rwanda-a-cross-sectional-study
#1
Catherine M Kirk, Jean Claude Uwamungu, Kim Wilson, Bethany L Hedt-Gauthier, Neo Tapela, Peter Niyigena, Christian Rusangwa, Merab Nyishime, Evrard Nahimana, Fulgence Nkikabahizi, Christine Mutaganzwa, Eric Ngabireyimana, Francis Mutabazi, Hema Magge
BACKGROUND: As care for preterm and low birth weight (LBW) infants improves in resource-limited settings, more infants are surviving the neonatal period. Preterm and (LBW) infants are at high-risk of nutritional and medical comorbidities, yet little is known about their developmental outcomes in low-income countries. This study evaluated the health, nutritional, and developmental status of preterm/LBW children at ages 1-3 years in Rwanda. METHODS: Cross-sectional study of preterm/LBW infants discharged between October 2011 and October 2013 from a hospital neonatal unit in rural Rwanda...
November 15, 2017: BMC Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29104681/association-between-beta-sympathomimetic-tocolysis-and-risk-of-autistic-spectrum-disorders-behavioural-and-developmental-outcome-in-toddlers
#2
Mengühan Araz Altay, Işık Görker, Rakhshanda Aslanova, Leyla Bozatlı, Nesrin Turan, Petek Balkanlı Kaplan
AIM: To investigate whether maternal intravenous beta-mimetic tocolytic therapy increases the risk of autistic spectrum disorders (ASD) and poorer behavioural and developmental outcomes. METHOD: Our study is a prospective case-control study among 90 children between 1.5 and three years old. Cases (n = 46) were toddlers with betamimetic tocolytic exposure; control group toddlers (n = 44) were tocolytic untreated. Treated and untreated groups were also divided into subgroups: term and preterm delivered...
October 15, 2017: Open Access Macedonian Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026377/developmental-screening-predictors-of-follow-up-adherence-in-primary-health-care
#3
Joanné Christine Schoeman, De Wet Swanepoel, Jeannie van der Linde
BACKGROUND: The importance of early identification for infants and young children with developmental delays is well established. Poor follow-up on referrals, however, undermines the effectiveness of early intervention programmes. OBJECTIVES: To identify factors, including text message reminders, that influence follow-up adherence for early intervention after developmental screening in primary health care. A secondary objective surveyed reasons for follow-up default...
March 2017: African Health Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28969717/the-role-of-the-physician-in-israel-s-maternal-child-health-clinics-surveys-of-professional-and-parental-perceptions
#4
Chen Stein-Zamir, Hannah Shoob, Deena R Zimmerman
BACKGROUND: Preventative health services are a pediatric health care cornerstone, which strives to promote health and prevent illness and injury. In Israel, Maternal Child Health Clinics (MCHC) provide these well child services for ages 0-6 years. MCHC care includes physician visits; however, the physician's role is not well defined. The study purpose was to provide a basis for setting policies that determine the role of physicians in the provision of MCHC services. To get broad input we included MCHC stakeholders - parents, MCHC physicians, non-MCHC physicians and MCHC nurses, specifically to obtain insights regarding the MCHC physician role and to characterize the stakeholder demographics, service utilization, and practice patterns...
October 2, 2017: Israel Journal of Health Policy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952606/relation-between-body-composition-at-birth-and-child-development-at-2-years-of-age-a-prospective-cohort-study-among-ethiopian-children
#5
M Abera, M Tesfaye, T Girma, C Hanlon, G S Andersen, J C Wells, B Admassu, R Wibaek, H Friis, P Kæstel
BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES: Birth weight (BW), independent of socioeconomic status, has been identified as a predictor for childhood cognitive development. However, it is not known whether this relation is related to low BW per se or particularly related to a deficit in fat mass (FM) or fat-free mass (FFM) at birth. This study therefore aimed at investigating the relation between body composition at birth and child development at 2 years of age. SUBJECTS/METHODS: An Ethiopian birth cohort was followed up at 2 years...
September 27, 2017: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28952371/broad-developmental-screening-misses-young-children-with-social-emotional-needs
#6
Marian E Williams, Irina Zamora, Olawunmi Akinsilo, Alison Hickey Chen, Marie Kanne Poulsen
Many pediatricians use a broad developmental screening test as part of well-child care, but do not specifically screen for behavioral and emotional disorders. Parents at 2 urban community agencies completed both the Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3) and the Ages and Stages Questionnaire: Social Emotional (ASQ:SE) for 608 children, ages 2 to 60 months; 51.8% in Spanish. Less than half of the children with a positive screen on the ASQ:SE would have been identified as needing additional assessment or intervention if only the ASQ-3 had been administered...
September 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28917084/evaluation-of-neurodevelopment-of-children-with-congenital-hypothyroidism-by-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#7
Ayşe Derya Buluş, Esra Tiftik
BACKGROUND: Thyroid hormones are essential for growth and brain development in childhood. Although congenital hypothyroidism (CH) is the most common reason for mental retardation, normal neurological development can be achieved through early and effective treatment. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the neurological development of CH patients aged 24-56 months. METHODS: The study included a total of 116 healthy control subjects and 112 patients aged 24-56 months who were diagnosed with CH during the neonatal period and were being followed up at the Pediatric Endocrinology Department, Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, between 2012 and 2015...
October 26, 2017: Journal of Pediatric Endocrinology & Metabolism: JPEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816916/developmental-screening-in-pediatric-sickle-cell-disease-disease-related-risk-and-screening-outcomes-in-4-year-olds
#8
Jeffrey Schatz, Alyssa Schlenz, Laura Reinman, Kelsey Smith, Carla W Roberts
OBJECTIVE: Studies of early child development in sickle cell disease (SCD) have found modest associations between disease-related risks and developmental status in infants and toddlers, but such associations are evident by early elementary school. We screened 4-year-old children with SCD using 2 screening strategies to assess if biomedical risk factors for neurologic disease are related to developmental screening outcomes at this intermediate age. METHODS: Seventy-seven 4-year-old children with SCD (M = 4...
October 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816915/physician-awareness-of-developmental-screening-and-referral-in-the-state-of-kuwait
#9
Hollie Hix-Small, Khaled Alkherainej
OBJECTIVE: In the State of Kuwait, family physicians and pediatricians are responsible for identifying and referring children at risk of disability. The aims of this study were to better understand physician (1) use of developmental screening instruments, (2) referral practices for children at risk of developmental disability, (3) interpretation of screening results, and (4) anticipatory guidance topics prioritized over child screening. METHODS: A nonprobability volunteer, self-selection sample of family physicians, general practitioners, and pediatricians (n = 398) completed a 60-item paper questionnaire...
August 9, 2017: Journal of Developmental and Behavioral Pediatrics: JDBP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28803559/rethinking-the-idea-of-late-autism-spectrum-disorder-onset
#10
Elizabeth C Bacon, Eric Courchesne, Cynthia Carter Barnes, Debra Cha, Sunny Pence, Laura Schreibman, Aubyn C Stahmer, Karen Pierce
A common theory of autism spectrum disorder (ASD) symptom onset includes toddlers who do not display symptoms until well after age 2, which are termed late-onset ASD cases. Objectives were to analyze differences in clinical phenotype between toddlers identified as ASD at initial evaluations (early diagnosed) versus those initially considered nonspectrum, then later identified as ASD (late diagnosed). Two hundred seventy-three toddlers recruited from the general population based on a failed developmental screening form or parent or physician concerns were followed longitudinally from 12 months and identified as early- and late-diagnosed cases of ASD, language delayed, or typically developing...
August 14, 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759282/adolescent-risk-screening-instruments-for-primary-care-an-integrative-review-utilizing-the-donabedian-framework
#11
Deanna B Hiott, Shannon Phillips, Elaine Amella
Adolescent risk-taking behavior choices can affect future health outcomes. The purpose of this integrative literature review is to evaluate adolescent risk screening instruments available to primary care providers in the United States using the Donabedian Framework of structure, process, and outcome. To examine the literature concerning multidimensional adolescent risk screening instruments available in the United States for use in the primary care setting, library searches, ancestry searches, and Internet searches were conducted...
July 31, 2017: Compr Child Adolesc Nurs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755567/microcephaly-and-zika-virus-neuroradiological-aspects-clinical-findings-and-a-proposed-framework-for-early-evaluation-of-child-development
#12
Nelci Adriana Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Ana Carolina de Campos, Fellipe Cicuto Ferreira Rocha, Fernanda Pereira Dos Santos Silva
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: As the recent outbreak of microcephaly cases caused by Zika virus has been declared a global health emergency, providing assessment guidelines for multidisciplinary teams providing early developmental screening and stimulation to infants with microcephaly is much needed. Thus, the aim of this manuscript is to provide an overview on what is known about neuroradiological aspects and clinical findings in infants with microcephaly caused by Zika virus and to propose a framework for early evaluation of child development...
July 26, 2017: Infant Behavior & Development
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28750758/50-years-ago-in-the-journal-of-pediatrics-the-denver-developmental-screening-test
#13
Jennifer Accardo, Pasquale Accardo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28737141/designing-and-validation-of-a-hindi-language-parent-self-report-developmental-screening-tool
#14
Rahul Jain, Anshita Arora, Rohit Anand, Shahzadi Malhotra, Medha Mittal, Monica Juneja
AIM: To design and validate Hindi-language parent self-report developmental screening questionnaires for 9-month and 18-month-old Indian children. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Tertiary-care pediatric hospital from April 2014 to March 2016. PARTICIPANTS: In each age group (9-month and 18-month), 45 children were enrolled for designing of questionnaires (30 for obtaining parental observations of current development and 15 for pre-testing)...
July 15, 2017: Indian Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733946/caretaker-awareness-of-health-care-provided-developmental-screening-increases-from-2007-to-2012
#15
Brian Barger, Andrew Roach, Gabriel Moreno
Objectives Developmental screening is considered critical to identifying children with developmental delays and disabilities so that they may receive early intervention. To date, only a handful of studies report data on the percentage of health care professionals (HCP) who provide developmental screening. These reports are limited by low participation rates and reporters being pediatricians who may be biased towards reporting higher rates of developmental screening. The purpose of this study is to verify reported increases by reporting on changes in caretakers' awareness of HCP provided developmental screening from 2007/2008 to 2011/2012...
December 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697618/evaluation-of-a-zulu-translation-of-the-parents-evaluation-of-developmental-status
#16
Maria Van der Merwe, Marlé Cilliers, Celesté Maré, Jeannie Van der Linde, Mia Le Roux
BACKGROUND: One of the greatest challenges in early communication intervention in South Africa is developing and implementing successful identification strategies in primary health care (PHC). A shortage of trained PHC personnel is one of the barriers to providing adequate health services in South Africa. This dearth of services creates the need to substitute clinician-administered developmental screening tools with parent-administered tools. AIM: To determine the accuracy of the Zulu Parents' Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) in comparison with the outcome of the English PEDS...
June 28, 2017: African Journal of Primary Health Care & Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28532504/vineland-adaptive-behavior-scales-to-identify-neurodevelopmental-problems-in-children-with-congenital-hyperinsulinism-chi
#17
Maria Salomon-Estebanez, Zainab Mohamed, Maria Michaelidou, Hannah Collins, Lindsey Rigby, Mars Skae, Raja Padidela, Stewart Rust, Mark Dunne, Karen Cosgrove, Indraneel Banerjee, Jacqueline Nicholson
BACKGROUND: Congenital Hyperinsulinism (CHI) is a disease of severe hypoglycaemia caused by excess insulin secretion and associated with adverse neurodevelopment in a third of children. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales Second Edition (VABS-II) is a parent report measure of adaptive functioning that could be used as a developmental screening tool in patients with CHI. We have investigated the performance of VABS-II as a screening tool to identify developmental delay in a relatively large cohort of children with CHI...
May 22, 2017: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470525/assaying-spontaneous-network-activity-and-cellular-viability-using-multi-well-microelectrode-arrays
#18
Jasmine P Brown, Brittany S Lynch, Itaevia M Curry-Chisolm, Timothy J Shafer, Jenna D Strickland
Microelectrode array (MEA) technology is a neurophysiological method that allows for the spontaneous measure of activity in neural cultures and determination of drug and chemical effects thereon. Recent introduction of multi-well MEA (mwMEA) formats have dramatically increased the throughput of this technology, allowing more efficient compound screening. Rapid characterization of compounds for neuroactivity or neurotoxicity hazard evaluation following acute, chronic, or developmental exposures ideally would also consider compound effects on cell health, and to do so in the same well requires a multiplexed approach...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28420261/added-value-of-early-literacy-screening-in-preschool-children
#19
Sai Nandini Iyer, M Zachary Dawson, Mark I Sawyer, Neelab Abdullah, Leya Saju, Robert D Needlman
The Early Literacy Screener (ELS) is a brief screen for emergent literacy delays in 4- and 5-year-olds. Standard developmental screens may also flag these children. What is the value of adding the ELS? Parents of children aged 4 (n = 45) and 5 (n = 26) years completed the Ages and Stages Questionnaire-3 (ASQ-3), the Survey of Well-Being in Young Children (SWYC), and the ELS. Rates of positive agreement (PA), negative agreement (NA), and overall agreement (Cohen's κ) across the various screening tools were calculated...
September 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28403632/developmental-screening-and-referrals-assessing-the-influence-of-provider-specialty-training-and-interagency-communication
#20
Christopher Moore, Irina Zamora, Mona Patel Gera, Marian E Williams
Previous studies have shown that different provider approaches, amount of familiarity with the referral and screening process, and level of interagency communication can increase or decrease the likelihood of caregivers completing a recommended referral to early intervention (EI). We surveyed 60 family practitioners and pediatricians at 2 primary care clinics to assess these factors. Pediatricians were more likely than family practitioners to report using, evaluating, and discussing the results of developmental screens...
October 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
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