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"developmental screening"

Pornchanok Wantanakorn, Khemsuang Sawangworachart, Rawiwan Roongpraiwan, Jariya Chuthapisith
The PEDS-Thai is a developmental screening tool. We studied its diagnostic performance among 137 Thai children (48.9%) aged 18-30 month. It had a sensitivity of 92.8% and a specificity of 49.2%. The positive and negative likelihood ratios were 1.82 and 0.14 when compared with clinical diagnosis and diagnostic tool, the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (Mullen, 1995).
November 5, 2016: Indian Pediatrics
Hsin-Yi Kathy Cheng, Li-Ying Chen, Chih-Hsiu Cheng, Yan-Ying Ju, Chia-Ling Chen, Kevin C Tseng
BACKGROUND: Identifying disability early in life confers long-term benefits for children. The Taipei City Child Development Screening tool, second version (Taipei II) provides checklists for 13 child age groups from 4 months to 6 years. However, the usability of a text-based screening tool largely depends on the literacy level and logical reasoning ability of the caregivers, as well as language barriers caused by increasing numbers of immigrants. OBJECTIVE: The objectives of this study were to (1) design and develop a Web-based multimedia version of the current Taipei II developmental screening tool, and (2) investigate the measurement equivalence of this multimedia version to the original paper-based version...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Luisa Schonhaut B, Marcela Pérez R, Ana María Castilla F, Sonia Castro M, Patricia Salinas A, Iván Armijo R
INTRODUCTION: The Ages and Stages questionnaires (ASQ) has been recently validated in our country for developmental screening. The objective of this study is evaluate the validity of ASQ to predict low cognitive performance in the early years of schooling. PATIENTS AND METHOD: Diagnostic test studies conducted on a sample of children of medium-high socioeconomic level were evaluated using ASQ at least once at 8, 18 and/or 30 months old, and later, between 6 and 9 years old, reevaluated using the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children-third edition (WISC-III)...
October 13, 2016: Revista Chilena de Pediatría
Bianca Mendonça, Barbara Sargent, Linda Fetters
AIM: To investigate whether standardized motor development screening and assessment tools that are used to evaluate motor abilities of children aged 0 to 2 years are valid in cultures other than those in which the normative sample was established. METHOD: This was a systematic review in which six databases were searched. Studies were selected based on inclusion/exclusion criteria and appraised for evidence level and quality. Study variables were extracted. RESULTS: Twenty-three studies representing six motor development screening and assessment tools in 16 cultural contexts met the inclusion criteria: Alberta Infant Motor Scale (n=7), Ages and Stages Questionnaire, 3rd edition (n=2), Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, 3rd edition (n=8), Denver Developmental Screening Test, 2nd edition (n=4), Harris Infant Neuromotor Test (n=1), and Peabody Developmental Motor Scales, 2nd edition (n=1)...
December 2016: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
Sudhir Adhikari, Kalipatnam Seshagiri Rao
BACKGROUND: Perinatal asphyxia with hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (HIE) causes significant mortality and morbidity in developing countries. There is limited information about long term neurodevelopmental outcome of infants with neonatal encephalopathy. METHODS: Term infants with the diagnosis of perinatal asphyxia were followed up in neurodevelopmental clinics of Manipal Teaching hospital, Nepal. Study design was prospective mixed longitudinal study. Prematurity, major congenital malformations, other intracranial pathology, birth weight <2500g and chromosomal abnormalities were excluded...
September 30, 2016: Brain & Development
Yasmin Iles-Caven, Jean Golding, Steven Gregory, Alan Emond, Caroline M Taylor
As part of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC), measures of early child development were collected using both hands-on expert assessment (on a random 10% sub-sample) by trained psychologists at 18 months using the Griffiths Mental Development Scales (Extended 0-8 years) and from detailed questionnaires completed by the study mothers on the whole cohort using assessments based on the Denver Developmental Screening Test. The development determined by the psychologists on the 10% subsample showed a correlation of 0...
December 2016: Data in Brief
Stefani C Fontana, Debora Daniels, Thomas Greaves, Niaman Nazir, Jeff Searl, Brian T Andrews
Deformational plagiocephaly (DP) in infants has been associated with developmental delay that can last until adolescence. Despite this association and a 5-fold increase in incidence of DP over the past 2 decades, there are currently no guidelines regarding screening for developmental delay or identification of which infants with DP are at the greatest risk of delay. A prospective, nonrandomized study was performed. Infants diagnosed with DP who had no prior intervention were eligible for enrollment. Cranial deformity was measured by cross-cranial measurements using calipers, and developmental delay was measured using the Bayley Scales of Infant and Toddler Development, Third Edition (Bayley-III)...
August 24, 2016: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Marta Rubio-Codina, M Caridad Araujo, Orazio Attanasio, Pablo Muñoz, Sally Grantham-McGregor
In low- and middle-income countries (LIMCs), measuring early childhood development (ECD) with standard tests in large scale surveys and evaluations of interventions is difficult and expensive. Multi-dimensional screeners and single-domain tests ('short tests') are frequently used as alternatives. However, their validity in these circumstances is unknown. We examined the feasibility, reliability, and concurrent validity of three multi-dimensional screeners (Ages and Stages Questionnaires (ASQ-3), Denver Developmental Screening Test (Denver-II), Battelle Developmental Inventory screener (BDI-2)) and two single-domain tests (MacArthur-Bates Short-Forms (SFI and SFII), WHO Motor Milestones (WHO-Motor)) in 1,311 children 6-42 months in Bogota, Colombia...
2016: PloS One
Samantha Simpson, Anita D'Aprano, Collette Tayler, Siek Toon Khoo, Roxanne Highfold
BACKGROUND: Early detection of developmental problems is important for facilitating access to targeted intervention and maximising its positive effects. The later problems are identified, the more likely that they will become increasingly difficult to ameliorate. Standardised developmental screening tools are known to improve detection rates of developmental problems compared to clinical judgement alone and are widely recommended for use with all children. The Ages and Stages Questionnaire (ASQ-3) is a tool that is widely used in Australia...
August 18, 2016: Early Human Development
Gwenden Dueker, Jing Chen, Candace Cowling, Brian Haskin
BACKGROUND: Recent studies have indicated that children born only a few weeks earlier than their due date experience more health and cognitive problems than previously realized. AIMS: Our study investigated whether gestational age (GA) at birth (35-41weeks) predicted developmental outcomes at 8, 12, 20, or 24months of age. STUDY DESIGN: Archival records of developmental screening scores collected between 2006 and 2012 were analyzed using negative binomial and logistic regressions models...
August 15, 2016: Early Human Development
Anita D'Aprano, Sven Silburn, Vanessa Johnston, Ross Bailie, Fiona Mensah, Frank Oberklaid, Gary Robinson
INTRODUCTION: Early detection of developmental difficulties is universally considered a necessary public health measure, with routine developmental monitoring an important function of primary healthcare services. This study aimed to describe the developmental monitoring practice in two remote Australian Aboriginal primary healthcare services and to identify gaps in the delivery of developmental monitoring services. METHODS: A cross-sectional baseline medical record audit of all resident children aged less than 5 years in two remote Aboriginal health centres in the Northern Territory (NT) in Australia was undertaken between December 2010 and November 2011...
July 2016: Rural and Remote Health
Abigail L H Kroening, Jessica A Moore, Therese R Welch, Jill S Halterman, Susan L Hyman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Refugee children are at high developmental risk due to dislocation and deprivation. Standardized developmental screening in this diverse population is challenging. We used the Health Belief Model to guide key-informant interviews and focus groups with medical interpreters, health care providers, community collaborators, and refugee parents to explore key elements needed for developmental screening. Cultural and community-specific values and practices related to child development and barriers and facilitators to screening were examined...
September 2016: Pediatrics
Iman Al-Saleh, Rola Elkhatib, Reem Al-Rouqi, Mai Abduljabbar, Chafica Eltabache, Tahreer Al-Rajudi, Michael Nester
This study examined the role of oxidative stress due to mercury (Hg) exposure on infant's neurodevelopmental performance. A total of 944 healthy Saudi mothers and their respective infants (aged 3-12 months) were recruited from 57 Primary Health Care Centers in Riyadh City. Total mercury (Hg) was measured in mothers and infants urine and hair samples, as well as mother's blood and breast milk. Methylmercury (MeHg) was determined in the mothers and infants' hair and mother's blood. Urinary 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), malondialdehyde (MDA), and porphyrins were used to assess oxidative stress...
July 2, 2016: International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Bergen B Nelson, Rebecca N Dudovitz, Tumaini R Coker, Elizabeth S Barnert, Christopher Biely, Ning Li, Peter G Szilagyi, Kandyce Larson, Neal Halfon, Frederick J Zimmerman, Paul J Chung
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Current recommendations emphasize developmental screening and surveillance to identify developmental delays (DDs) for referral to early intervention (EI) services. Many young children without DDs, however, are at high risk for poor developmental and behavioral outcomes by school entry but are ineligible for EI. We developed models for 2-year-olds without DD that predict, at kindergarten entry, poor academic performance and high problem behaviors. METHODS: Data from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Birth Cohort (ECLS-B), were used for this study...
August 2016: Pediatrics
Martin Halla, Gerald J Pruckner, Thomas Schober
Early intervention is considered the optimal response to developmental disorders in children. We evaluate a nationwide developmental screening program for preschoolers in Austria and the resulting interventions. Identification of treatment effects is determined by a birthday cutoff-based discontinuity in the eligibility for a financial incentive to participate in the screening. Assigned preschoolers are 14.5 percentage points more likely to participate in the program. For participants with high socio-economic status (SES), we find little evidence for interventions and consistently no effect on healthcare costs in the long run...
September 2016: Journal of Health Economics
Marilyn Ballantyne, Karen M Benzies, Sheila McDonald, Joyce Magill-Evans, Suzanne Tough
BACKGROUND: Late preterm (34(0/7) to 36(6/7)weeks gestation) infants may experience developmental delays greater than those found in term (≥ 37(0/7)weeks gestation) infants. AIM: The aim of this study was to compare the risk of developmental delay between late preterm and full-term Canadian born infants at age 12months, and to determine infant and maternal factors associated with risk of delay. METHODS: A descriptive comparative study was conducted from data available from the All Our Babies community-based, prospective, pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta...
October 2016: Early Human Development
Stacie Knutson, Michael S Kelleman, Lazaros Kochilas
OBJECTIVES: To assess awareness and implementation among pediatric primary care providers of the 2012 American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines for the evaluation and management of developmental abnormalities in children with congenital heart disease (CHD). We hypothesized that children with CHD are not being provided neurodevelopmental screening and support according to the AHA guidelines. STUDY DESIGN: An online survey was administered to licensed pediatric primary care providers in Minnesota (pediatricians = 530, family physicians = 1469) to evaluate awareness of the AHA guidelines, current screening practices, and barriers to implementation of these guidelines...
September 2016: Journal of Pediatrics
Boledi K Maleka, Jeannie Van Der Linde, Frances Page Glascoe, De Wet Swanepoel
BACKGROUND: Developmental delays are more prevalent in low-income countries and access to developmental screening is severely limited. INTRODUCTION: This study evaluated an m-Health version of a standard developmental screening tool, Parents Evaluation Developmental Status (PEDS) and PEDS:Developmental Milestones (PEDS:DM) for use by community health workers (CHWs) in terms of (1) correspondence with conventional paper-based testing by a speech language pathologist (SLP) and (2) inter-rater reliability compared to an SLP...
June 10, 2016: Telemedicine Journal and E-health: the Official Journal of the American Telemedicine Association
Jessica Sparrow, Rachel Brennan, Shenghua Mao, Kirsten K Ness, Carlos Rodriguez-Galindo, Matthew Wilson, Ibrahim Qaddoumi
PURPOSE: Because retinoblastoma typically arises at a very young age, children are particularly vulnerable to vision impairment, associated developmental delays, and functional limitations. Limited information is available describing developmental delay and functional limitations in this population, necessitating supportive services including rehabilitation. The aims of this study were to describe the participation of children with newly diagnosed retinoblastoma in an occupational therapy program that identifies children in need of rehabilitation services...
May 31, 2016: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Issarapa Chunsuwan, Tippawan Hansakunachai, Suntaree Pornsamrit
OBJECTIVE: Parent Evaluation of Developmental Status (PEDS) is feasible developmental screening tools; however, it is not commonly used in Thailand. To examine the potential of PEDS as a screening mechanism, PEDS was implemented in well-child visits to find prevalence of developmental problems, characteristic of parental concerns and comments, and to compare with developmental evaluation by pediatricians using Parent Evaluation of Developmental Status: Developmental Milestones, assessment level (PED: DM-AL)...
June 10, 2016: Pediatrics International: Official Journal of the Japan Pediatric Society
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