keyword
MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search

Chronic lateral ankle instability

keyword
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214465/acute-and-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability-diagnosis-management-and-new-concepts
#1
REVIEW
Rachel Shakked, Steven Sheskier
Lateral ankle instability is a common entity that can result in degenerative arthritis if left untreated. Acute ligament injuries should primarily be treated nonoperatively with a course of physical therapy and functional bracing. Chronic ankle instability is defined as mechanical or functional and can be diagnosed using a combination of history, physical examination, stress radiographs, and magnetic resonance imaging. After failure of nonoperative treatment, surgical treatment with anatomic ligament repair and inferior extensor retinaculum augmentation has the best clinical outcomes...
January 2017: Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28182859/radiographic-study-of-pes-planovarus
#2
Janic Aebi, Monika Horisberger, Arno Frigg
BACKGROUND: Depending on the direction of the subtalar joint, a foot deformity generally tends towards pronation (pes planovalgus) or supination (pes cavovarus). However, the combination of hindfoot varus and flat midfoot/forefoot (pes planovarus) is an exception to this rule. Pes planovarus has so far only been referred to in connection with Müller-Weiss disease and congenital disease. We diagnosed pes planovarus in otherwise healthy patients without these diseases. METHODS: Forty patients with 54 symptomatic feet who were treated between August 2012 and July 2016 were included (mean age, 44...
February 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28114974/a-misdiagnosed-case-of-osteoid-osteoma-of-the-talus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#3
Huan He, Hailin Xu, Hao Lu, Yu Dang, Wei Huang, Qing Zhang
BACKGROUND: Osteoid osteoma (OO) is a common benign bone tumour that is rarely found in the talus. Its nidus is difficult to detect on early imaging. The atypical symptoms of OO and the presence of concurrent trauma or sports injuries may lead to misdiagnosis and delayed treatment. We herein analyse a case of misdiagnosis of OO of the talus and discuss how to improve the early diagnosis of this rare lesion, thereby permitting rapid treatment. CASE PRESENTATION: A 23-year-old man with a history of left ankle sprains and chronic pain was diagnosed with another ankle sprain and managed conservatively based on normal X-ray findings...
January 23, 2017: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28110390/operative-treatment-of-lateral-ligament-instability
#4
REVIEW
Rachel J Shakked, Sydney Karnovsky, Mark C Drakos
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Ankle sprains, which account for 40% of sports injuries in the USA, can lead to chronic ankle instability. Chronic ankle instability can be classified as functional, mechanical, or a combination of both and is diagnosed using a combination of a physical exam, an MRI, and stress radiographs. This review focuses on different approaches to treatment, including non-operative and operative techniques, of chronic ankle instability, including reviewing traditional procedures as well as more novel and newer techniques...
March 2017: Current Reviews in Musculoskeletal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063387/effects-of-chronic-ankle-instability-on-kinetics-kinematics-and-muscle-activity-during-walking-and-running-a-systematic-review
#5
REVIEW
Gabriel Moisan, Martin Descarreaux, Vincent Cantin
The aim of this study is to systematically review and appraise studies assessing the effects of chronic ankle instability (CAI) on kinetics, kinematics and muscle activity during walking and running. The primary search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, AMED and SPORTDiscus. Only studies that compared participants with CAI with healthy participants and assessed kinetics, kinematics or muscle activity during walking or running were included. The risk of bias assessment was conducted using a modified version of the Quality Index checklist...
December 29, 2016: Gait & Posture
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28061547/comparison-of-magnetic-resonance-imaging-and-stress-radiographs-in-the-evaluation-of-chronic-lateral-ankle-instability
#6
Scott Jolman, Justin Robbins, Laura Lewis, Melissa Wilkes, Paul Ryan
BACKGROUND: In patients who develop chronic ankle instability, clinicians often obtain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) as part of the evaluation prior to operative referral. The purpose of this study was to analyze the diagnostic efficacy of MRI in the diagnosis of chronic lateral ankle instability. Our hypothesis was that magnetic resonance imaging would not be a specific diagnostic tool in the evaluation of chronic lateral ankle instability. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of 187 consecutive patients (190 ankles) was performed...
January 1, 2017: Foot & Ankle International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28013325/intra-articular-pathologies-associated-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#7
Henryk Liszka, Paweł Depukat, Artur Gądek
Chronic ankle instability causes intra-articular lesions, which may lead to secondary degenerative changes. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of the ankle arthroscopy for the evaluation and treatment of intra-articular pathologies associated with chronic ankle instability. Between January 2013 and March 2016, 25 anterior ankle arthroscopies with modi ed anatomic Broström-Duquennoy-Tourne lateral ankle ligaments reconstructions were performed. In arthroscopy all patients (100%) had some intra-articular pathologies: 75% synovitis or so tissue scarring, 19% - deep chondral defect, 56% - superficial chondral lesion, 52% - osteophytes, 24% - bony or avulsion fragments, 20% - loose bodies...
2016: Folia Medica Cracoviensia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27999731/clinical-commentary-on-midfoot-and-forefoot-involvement-in-lateral-ankle-sprains-and-chronic-ankle-instability-part-2-clinical-considerations
#8
John J Fraser, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
Lateral ankle sprains (LAS) and chronic ankle instability (CAI) are common musculoskeletal injuries that are a result of inversion injury during sport. The midfoot and forefoot is frequently injured during a LAS, is often overlooked during clinical examination, and maybe contributory to the development of CAI. The purpose of part two of this clinical commentary and current concept review is to increase clinician's awareness of the contribution of midfoot and forefoot impairment to functional limitation and disability of individuals who experience LAS and CAI and to facilitate future research in this area...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27904801/midfoot-and-forefoot-involvement-in-lateral-ankle-sprains-and-chronic-ankle-instability-part-1-anatomy-and-biomechanics
#9
John J Fraser, Mark A Feger, Jay Hertel
The modern human foot is the culmination of more than five million years of evolution. The ankle-foot complex absorbs forces during loading, accommodates uneven surfaces, and acts as a lever for efficient propulsion. The ankle-foot complex has six independent functional segments that should be understood for proper assessment and treatment of foot and ankle injuries: the shank, rearfoot, midfoot, lateral forefoot, and the medial forefoot. The compliance of the individual segments of the foot is dependent on velocity, task, and active and passive coupling mechanisms within each of the foot segments...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899356/donor-site-morbidity-after-lateral-ankle-ligament-reconstruction-using-the-anterior-half-of-the-peroneus-longus-tendon-autograft
#10
Chul Hyun Park, Woo-Chun Lee
BACKGROUND: The anterior half of the peroneus longus tendon (AHPLT) has been reported to be an effective autograft for ligament reconstruction with respect to strength and safety. However, there is little information regarding donor site morbidity after harvesting the AHPLT. Furthermore, to the best of our knowledge, there has not been a study on the isokinetic evaluation of ankle plantar flexion and eversion after AHPLT harvesting. PURPOSE: To evaluate the clinical and radiographic results after lateral ankle ligament reconstruction using the AHPLT...
March 2017: American Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27888852/medial-sided-ankle-pain-deltoid-ligament-and-beyond
#11
REVIEW
Julia Crim
Abnormalities of the medial ligaments and posterior tibial tendon can occur because of acute injury or chronic instability or malalignment. Medial ankle injuries may occur because of pronation or supination-external rotation injuries. Deltoid ligament injuries have a significant impact on lateral ankle instability but can be overlooked in patients with lateral ligament injuries. Posterior tibial tendon dysfunction is usually associated with spring ligament or flexor retinaculum injury. Tarsal tunnel syndrome, accessory flexor muscles, and subtalar coalition should be considered as well as ligament and tendon tears in differential diagnosis of chronic medial ankle pain...
February 2017: Magnetic Resonance Imaging Clinics of North America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27871968/lateral-ligament-reconstruction-procedures-for-the-ankle
#12
REVIEW
Y Tourné, C Mabit
Capsule/ligament lesions of the lateral compartment of the ankle lead to lateral laxity, which is a prime contributor to chronic ankle instability. Lateral ligament reconstruction stabilizes the joint. Exhaustive preoperative clinical and paraclinical work-up is essential. The present article classifies, presents and criticizes the main techniques in terms of long-term stabilization and reduction of osteoarthritis risk. Anatomic ligament repair with reinforcement (mainly extensor retinaculum) or anatomic ligament reconstruction are the two recommended options...
November 18, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27831747/neuromuscular-alterations-after-ankle-sprains-an-animal-model-to-establish-causal-links-after-injury
#13
Lindsey K Lepley, Patrick O McKeon, Shane G Fitzpatrick, Catherine L Beckemeyer, Timothy L Uhl, Timothy A Butterfield
CONTEXT: The mechanisms that contribute to the development of chronic ankle instability are not understood. Investigators have developed a hypothetical model in which neuromuscular alterations that stem from damaged ankle ligaments are thought to affect periarticular and proximal muscle activity. However, the retrospective nature of these studies does not allow a causal link to be established. OBJECTIVE: To assess temporal alterations in the activity of 2 periarticular muscles of the rat ankle and 2 proximal muscles of the rat hind limb after an ankle sprain...
October 2016: Journal of Athletic Training
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27814667/assessment-of-relationships-between-joint-motion-quality-and-postural-control-in-patients-with-chronic-ankle-joint-instability
#14
Dawid Bączkowicz, Krzysztof Falkowski, Edyta Majorczyk
Study Design Controlled laboratory study, cross sectional. Background Lateral ankle sprains are among the most common injuries encountered during athletic participation. Following the initial injury there is an alarmingly high risk of re-injury and development of chronic ankle instability (CAI), which is dependent on a combination of factors, including sensorimotor deficits and changes in the biomechanical environment of the ankle joint. Objective To evaluate CAI-related disturbances in arthrokinematic motion quality and postural control and the relationships between them...
November 4, 2016: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27738709/-lateral-instability-of-the-upper-ankle-joint
#15
N Harrasser, K Eichelberg, F Pohlig, H Waizy, A Toepfer, R von Eisenhart-Rothe
Because of their frequency, ankle sprains are of major clinical and economic importance. The simple sprain with uneventful healing has to be distinguished from the potentially complicated sprain which is at risk of transition to chronic ankle instability. Conservative treatment is indicated for the acute, simple ankle sprain without accompanying injuries and also in cases of chronic instability. If conservative treatment fails, good results can be achieved by anatomic ligament reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments...
November 2016: Der Orthopäde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27706549/a-multivariate-assessment-of-clinical-contributions-to-the-severity-of-perceived-dysfunction-measured-by-the-cumberland-ankle-instability-tool
#16
A Rosen, J Ko, C Brown
Chronic ankle instability is a common pathological consequence of ankle sprains. However, screening tools which assess self-reported dysfunction offer little insight into clinical factors which may be useful to improve deficits. The purpose of this study was to identify factors that contribute most to self-reported dysfunction. 93 individuals completed the Cumberland Ankle Instability Tool (CAIT), active range of motion, dynamic postural stability assessments, and an arthrometer inversion stress test to assess lateral ankle laxity and stiffness...
December 2016: International Journal of Sports Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27692587/arthroscopic-anatomical-reconstruction-of-the-lateral-ankle-ligaments-a-technical-simplification
#17
R Lopes, C Decante, L Geffroy, K Brulefert, T Noailles
Anatomical reconstruction of the lateral ankle ligaments has become a pivotal component of the treatment strategy for chronic ankle instability. The recently described arthroscopic version of this procedure is indispensable to ensure that concomitant lesions are appropriately managed, yet remains technically demanding. Here, we describe a simplified variant involving percutaneous creation of the calcaneal tunnel for the distal attachment of the calcaneo-fibular ligament. The rationale for this technical stratagem was provided by a preliminary cadaver study that demonstrated a correlation between the lateral malleolus and the distal footprint of the calcaneo-fibular ligament...
September 27, 2016: Orthopaedics & Traumatology, Surgery & Research: OTSR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27672576/lateral-subtalar-dislocation-case-report-and-review-of-the-literature
#18
Ewout S Veltman, Ernst Ja Steller, Philippe Wittich, Jort Keizer
A case of complicated lateral subtalar dislocation is presented and the literature concerning this injury is reviewed. Subtalar joint dislocations are rare and often the result of a high-energy trauma. Complications include avascular necrosis of the talus, infection, posttraumatic osteoarthritis requiring arthrodesis and chronic subtalar instability. Negative prognostic factors include lateral and complicated dislocations, total talar extrusions, and associated fractures. A literature search was performed to identify studies describing outcome after lateral subtalar joint dislocation...
September 18, 2016: World Journal of Orthopedics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27662790/ankle-dorsiflexion-range-of-motion-influences-lateral-step-down-test-scores-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#19
Terry L Grindstaff, Nadyne Dolan, Sam K Morton
OBJECTIVES: To determine differences in ankle dorsiflexion range of motion (ROM) between three groups of individuals with chronic ankle instability (CAI) based on Lateral Step Down Test quality of movement. The secondary purpose was to quantify the relationship between ankle dorsiflexion ROM and Lateral Step Down Test scores. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. SETTING: University research laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty-nine participants with CAI...
January 2017: Physical Therapy in Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639218/postural-stabilization-after-single-leg-vertical-jump-in-individuals-with-chronic-ankle-instability
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Guilherme S Nunes, Marcos de Noronha
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the impact different ways to define reference balance can have when analysing time to stabilization (TTS). Secondarily, to investigate the difference in TTS between people with chronic ankle instability (CAI) and healthy controls. DESIGN: Cross-sectional study. SETTING: Laboratory. PARTICIPANTS: Fifty recreational athletes (25 CAI, 25 controls). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: TTS of the center of pressure (CoP) after maximal single-leg vertical jump using as reference method the single-leg stance, pre-jump period, and post-jump period; and the CoP variability during the reference methods...
November 2016: Physical Therapy in Sport
keyword
keyword
88252
1
2
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"