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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773778/a-collaboration-to-teach-us-mph-students-about-cuba-s-health-care-system
#1
Joan O'Connell, Ana María Gálvez-González, Jean Scandlyn, María R Sala-Adam, Xiomara Martín-Linares
In 2011, the US Department of the Treasury changed its regulations to allow US students to participate in short-term education programs in Cuba. Beginning in 2012, and each year thereafter, Cuba's National School of Public Health and the Colorado School of Public Health have jointly taught a class on the Cuban public health system. The program goals are to provide US students with an opportunity to learn about the Cuban national health system's focus on 1) prevention and primary health care services; 2) financial and geographic access to services and health equity; 3) continuum of care across the home, family doctor-and-nurse offices, polyclinics and hospitals; 4) data collection at all levels to understand health risks, including outbreaks, and to guide resource allocation; 5) assessing patients' health and risks using a comprehensive definition of health; 6) multisectoral collaborations between the Ministry of Public Health and other Cuban agencies and organizations to address population health risks; 7) disaster preparedness, response and recovery; and 8) provision of international health assistance...
April 2018: MEDICC Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771741/impacts-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-community-health-centers-characteristics-of-new-patients-and-early-changes-in-delivery-of-care
#2
Brigit Hatch, Ning Smith, Mary Ann McBurnie, Thu Quach, Kenneth H Mayer, Mary J Dunne, Erika Cottrell
The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the Affordable Care Act (ACA) on community health centers (CHCs). Using electronic health records from the Community Health Applied Research Network, we assessed new patient characteristics, office visit volume, and payer distribution among CHC patients before and after ACA implementation, 2011-2014 (n = 442 455). New patients post-ACA were younger, more likely to be female and have chronic health conditions, and utilized more primary care (P < .05 for each)...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Ambulatory Care Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29768244/harmonization-activities-of-noklus-a-quality-improvement-organization-for-point-of-care-laboratory-examinations
#3
Anne Stavelin, Sverre Sandberg
Noklus is a non-profit quality improvement organization that focuses to improve all elements in the total testing process. The aim is to ensure that all medical laboratory examinations are ordered, performed and interpreted correctly and in accordance with the patients' needs for investigation, treatment and follow-up. For 25 years, Noklus has focused on point-of-care (POC) testing in primary healthcare laboratories and has more than 3100 voluntary participants. The Noklus quality system uses different tools to obtain harmonization and improvement: (1) external quality assessment for the pre-examination, examination and postexamination phase to monitor the harmonization process and to identify areas that need improvement and harmonization, (2) manufacturer-independent evaluations of the analytical quality and user-friendliness of POC instruments and (3) close interactions and follow-up of the participants through site visits, courses, training and guidance...
May 16, 2018: Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine: CCLM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766142/improving-life-expectancy-a-broken-neck-doesn-t-have-to-be-a-terminal-diagnosis-for-the-elderly
#4
Laura N Godat, Leslie M Kobayashi, David C Chang, Raul Coimbra
Background: Elderly patients with cervical spine fractures require optimal care. Treatment with a cervical collar or halo instead of surgical fixation may increase mortality. This investigation intends to describe the life expectancy after injury and evaluate the impact of surgical intervention on mortality. Methods: Patients ≥65 years, with traumatic cervical spine fractures without cord injury were identified in the 1995-2009 California Office of Statewide Health and Planning database...
2018: Trauma surgery & acute care open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764891/developing-a-complex-intervention-to-support-timely-engagement-with-palliative-care-for-patients-with-advanced-cancer-in-primary-and-secondary-care-in-the-uk-a-study-protocol
#5
Julia Hackett, Hilary Bekker, Michael I Bennett, Paul Carder, Jean Gallagher, Claire Henry, Suzanne Kite, Sally Taylor, Galina Velikova, Lucy Ziegler
INTRODUCTION: For patients with advanced cancer, timely access to palliative care can improve quality of life and enable patients to participate in decisions about their end-of-life care. However, in a UK population of 2500 patients who died from cancer, one-third did not receive specialist palliative care, and of those who did, the duration of involvement was too short to maximise the benefits. Initiating a conversation about palliative care is challenging for some health professionals and patients often have unmet information needs and misconceptions about palliative care...
May 14, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762272/differences-in-experiences-with-care-between-homeless-and-nonhomeless-patients-in-veterans-affairs-facilities-with-tailored-and-nontailored-primary-care-teams
#6
Audrey L Jones, Leslie R M Hausmann, Stefan Kertesz, Ying Suo, John P Cashy, Maria K Mor, James H Schaefer, Adi V Gundlapalli, Adam J Gordon
BACKGROUND: Homeless patients describe poor experiences with primary care. In 2012, the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) implemented homeless-tailored primary care teams (Homeless Patient Aligned Care Team, HPACTs) that could improve the primary care experience for homeless patients. OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in primary care experiences between homeless and nonhomeless Veterans receiving care in VHA facilities that had HPACTs available (HPACT facilities) and in VHA facilities lacking HPACTs (non-HPACT facilities)...
May 12, 2018: Medical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29758952/knowledge-and-attitudes-of-patients-in-primary-care-on-off-label-treatment
#7
Mario Ćurković, Dražen Gorjanski
OBJECTIVE: To examine primary care patients' knowledge and attitudes on off-label treatment. METHODS: In 47 primary care offices in Osijek-Baranja County, 1300 patients were given questionnaires about their knowledge and attitudes on off-label treatment. Questionnaires were completed voluntarily and anonymously. RESULTS: Majority of patients (96.3%) had no knowledge about off-label treatment, and upon having it explained, 42.3% would not accept such treatment under any circumstances, while 54...
May 9, 2018: International Journal of Risk & Safety in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29757788/the-primary-care-provider-and-the-patient-living-in-poverty-applying-the-bridges-to-health-and-healthcare-model-to-np-practice
#8
Barbara Wise, Terie Dreussi-Smith
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: There is a much recent emphasis on the social determinants of health, and poverty is the most influential of these. It is not enough merely to understand the influence of poverty on health-the primary care provider must understand how to effectively treat patients who live in poverty. METHODS: This article applies the Bridges to Health and Healthcare model for understanding poverty to primary care practice from an individual provider's perspective...
April 2018: Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754650/shared-decision-making-tool-for-thromboprophylaxis-in-atrial-fibrillation-a-feasibility-study
#9
Mark H Eckman, Alexandru Costea, Mehran Attari, Jitender Munjal, Ruth E Wise, Carol Knochelmann, Matthew L Flaherty, Pete Baker, Robert Ireton, Brett M Harnett, Anthony C Leonard, Dylan Steen, Adam Rose, John Kues
BACKGROUND: Appropriate thromboprophylaxis for patients with atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter (AF) remains a national challenge. METHODS: We hypothesized that a shared decision-making interaction facilitated by an Atrial Fibrillation Shared Decision Making Tool (AFSDM) would improve patient knowledge about atrial fibrillation, and the risks and benefits of various treatment options for stroke prevention; increase satisfaction with the decision-making process; improve the therapeutic alliance between patient and the clinical care team; and increase medication adherence...
May 2018: American Heart Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29745236/effect-of-ambulatory-transitional-care-management-on-30-day-readmission-rates
#10
Jonathan Ballard, Wade Rankin, Karen L Roper, Sarah Weatherford, Roberto Cardarelli
A process improvement initiative for transitional care management (TCM) was evaluated for effectiveness in reducing 30-day readmission rates in a retrospective cohort study. Regression models analyzed the association between level of TCM component implementation and readmission rates among patients discharged from a university medical center hospital. Of the 1884 patients meeting inclusion criteria, only 3.7% (70) experienced a 30-day readmission. Patients receiving the full complement of TCM had 86.6% decreased odds of readmission compared with patients who did not receive TCM ( P < ...
May 1, 2018: American Journal of Medical Quality: the Official Journal of the American College of Medical Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743392/a-health-behavior-screening-tool-for-non-specific-neck-pain-in-office-workers-a-1-year-prospective-cohort-study
#11
Kantheera Areerak, Allard J van der Beek, Prawit Janwantanakul
OBJECTIVE: One effective strategy for management of musculoskeletal disorders is self-management based on the biopsychosocial model. Self-management requires patients to have adequate health literacy, defined as the individual's ability to seek, understand, and utilize health information. Recently, the neck pain-specific health behavior for office workers (NHBOW) questionnaire was developed based upon a conceptual framework of health literacy. The content in the NHBOW relates to the work and exercise behaviors of office workers...
May 9, 2018: Journal of Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743221/measuring-and-managing-blood-pressure-in-a-primary-care-setting-a-pragmatic-implementation-study
#12
John Doane, Jenni Buu, M Jason Penrod, Michelle Bischoff, Molly B Conroy, Barry Stults
BACKGROUND: Accurate blood pressure (BP) measurement is essential to hypertension diagnosis and management. Automated office blood pressure (AOBP) and home blood pressure measurement (HBPM) may improve assessment, but barriers exist in primary care settings. METHODS: We implemented an AOBP/HBPM program in a primary care clinic in 2015 to 2016. Patients with elevated BP determined by guideline-quality observed BP measurement and/or AOBP entered the HBPM program. Patients with average home BP ≥ 135/85 mm Hg provided HBPM results for medication adjustment...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29743219/clinician-experiences-with-screening-for-social-needs-in-primary-care
#13
Sebastian T Tong, Winston R Liaw, Paulette Lail Kashiri, James Pecsok, Julia Rozman, Andrew W Bazemore, Alex H Krist
BACKGROUND: Despite clear evidence demonstrating the influence of social determinants on health, whether and how clinicians should address these determinants remain unclear. We aimed to understand primary care clinicians' experiences of administering a social needs screening instrument. METHODS: Using a prospective, observational design, we identified patients living in communities with lower education and income seen by 17 clinicians from 12 practices in northern Virginia...
May 2018: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29740815/screening-for-dysglycaemia-in-dental-primary-care-practice-settings-systematic-review-of-the-evidence
#14
REVIEW
Ingrid Glurich, Barbara Bartkowiak, Richard L Berg, Amit Acharya
INTRODUCTION: Increasing prevalence of diabetes and periodontal disease is prompting identification of additional clinical settings to identify patients at risk for dysglycaemia. A systematic review of studies that have examined feasibility of screening for at-risk patients in general dentistry settings at point-of-care (POC) was undertaken. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Systematic review of pragmatic clinical field trials piloting POC screening for dysglycaemia risk in dental settings was undertaken in studies whose primary objective was to explore rates of dysglycaemia among undiagnosed patient populations...
May 8, 2018: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29735931/the-delivery-of-health-promotion-and-environmental-health-services-public-health-or-primary-care-settings
#15
Lene Bjørn Jensen, Irena Lukic, Gabriel Gulis
The WHO Regional Office for Europe developed a set of public health functions resulting in the ten Essential Public Health Operations (EPHO). Public health or primary care settings seem to be favorable to embrace all actions included into EPHOs. The presented paper aims to guide readers on how to assign individual health promotion and environmental health services to public health or primary care settings. Survey tools were developed based on EPHO 2, 3 and 4; there were six key informant surveys out of 18 contacted completed via e-mails by informants working in Denmark on health promotion and five face-to-face interviews were conducted in Australia (Melbourne and Victoria state) with experts from environmental health, public health and a physician...
May 7, 2018: Healthcare (Basel, Switzerland)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728195/potassium-oxalate-mouthrinse-reduces-dentinal-hypersensitivity-a-randomized-controlled-clinical-study
#16
Michael C Lynch, Roland Perfekt, James A McGuire, Jeffery Milleman, John Gallob, Pejmon Amini, Kimberly Milleman
BACKGROUND: Dentinal hypersensitivity is a prevalent oral condition that can be treated with in-office application of potassium oxalate (KO), which has US Food and Drug Administration 510(k) clearance. In this study, the authors assessed a KO mouthrinse for home use. The authors evaluated clinically meaningful improvement by analyzing the proportions of participants who responded to treatment. METHODS: In this multicenter, double-blind, parallel-group controlled study, the authors randomly assigned 375 participants with dentinal hypersensitivity to 1 of 2 mouthrinse groups: KO (189 participants) and placebo (186 participants)...
May 2, 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721362/career-paths-of-pathology-informatics-fellowship-alumni
#17
Joseph W Rudolf, Christopher A Garcia, Matthew G Hanna, Christopher L Williams, Ulysses G Balis, Liron Pantanowitz, J Mark Tuthill, John R Gilbertson
Background: The alumni of today's Pathology Informatics and Clinical Informatics fellowships fill diverse roles in academia, large health systems, and industry. The evolving training tracks and curriculum of Pathology Informatics fellowships have been well documented. However, less attention has been given to the posttraining experiences of graduates from informatics training programs. Here, we examine the career paths of subspecialty fellowship-trained pathology informaticians. Methods: Alumni from four Pathology Informatics fellowship training programs were contacted for their voluntary participation in the study...
2018: Journal of Pathology Informatics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720300/chronic-obstructive-pulmonary-disease-and-heart-failure-self-management-kits-for-outpatient-transitions-of-care
#18
Paul Boylan, Tina Joseph, Genevieve Hale, Cynthia Moreau, Matthew Seamon, Renee Jones
OBJECTIVE: To develop heart failure (HF) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) self-management kits in an accountable care organization (ACO) to facilitate patients' self-care and prevent hospital readmissions. SETTING: Pharmacists practice in an outpatient-based ACO. They participate in interprofessional office visits with providers and independently manage maintenance pharmacotherapies. PRACTICE DESCRIPTION: Pharmacists collaborate with an interprofessional team within the ACO including physicians, nurses, case managers, and paramedics...
March 1, 2018: Consultant Pharmacist: the Journal of the American Society of Consultant Pharmacists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720279/analysis-of-rural-health-centres-preparedness-for-the-management-of-diabetic-patients-in-malawi
#19
Ibrahim Chikowe, Victor Mwapasa, Andre Pascal Kengne
OBJECTIVE: There is limited data on the quality of primary care management for diabetes mellitus across Africa. The study was aimed at assessing the availability of basic supplies for the rapid diagnosis, treatment and management of diabetes in Malawian rural health facilities. This cross-sectional study was conducted in 55 public and private health centers from 19 districts using a structured questionnaire and checklist to interview the pharmacy personnel or officer in-charge of the health centers...
May 2, 2018: BMC Research Notes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29719220/access-to-us-primary-care-physicians-for-new-patients-concerned-about-smoking-or-weight
#20
Sarah E Tinkler, Rajiv L Sharma, Raven R H Susu-Mago, Sudeshna Pal, Miron Stano
Tobacco smoking and obesity are leading causes of preventable morbidity and mortality in the US, and primary care physicians are the main source of preventive care. However, it is not known whether access for new patients is affected by an expression of interest in preventive care. In a 2015 audit, we called US primary care physicians' offices to request appointment information regarding new patient physicals for simulated patients. Simulated patients were differentiated by smoking concerns (N = 907), weight concerns (N = 867), or no health concerns ("healthy" patients; N = 3561)...
April 29, 2018: Preventive Medicine
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