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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095105/regular-latin-dancing-and-health-education-may-improve-cognition-of-late-middle-aged-and-older-latinos
#1
David X Marquez, Robert Wilson, Susan Aguiñaga, Priscilla Vásquez, Louis Fogg, Zhi Yang, JoEllen Wilbur, Susan Hughes, Charles Spanbauer
Disparities exist between Latinos and non-Latino whites in cognitive function. Dance is culturally appropriate and challenges individuals physically and cognitively, yet the impact of regular dancing on cognitive function in older Latinos has not been examined. A two-group pilot trial was employed among inactive, older Latinos. Participants (N = 57) participated in the BAILAMOS(©) dance program or a health education program. Cognitive test scores were converted to z-scores and measures of global cognition and specific domains (executive function, episodic memory, working memory) were derived...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Aging and Physical Activity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28095072/parental-coping-depressive-symptoms-and-children-s-asthma-control-and-school-attendance-in-low-income-racially-and-ethnically-diverse-urban-families
#2
Erin M Rodríguez, Harsha Kumar, Juliana Alba-Suarez, Lisa Sánchez-Johnsen
OBJECTIVE: Low-income urban children of color are at elevated risk for poor asthma control. This cross-sectional study examined associations among parents' coping (primary control, secondary control, and disengagement), parental depressive symptoms, and children's asthma outcomes (asthma control and school attendance) in a predominantly low-income, racially/ethnically diverse sample of families. METHODS: Parents (N = 78; 90% female) of children (33% female; 46% Black; 38% Latino) ages 5 to 17 years old (M = 9...
January 17, 2017: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28093667/low-and-increasing-trajectories-of-perpetration-of-physical-dating-violence-7-year-associations-with-suicidal-ideation-weapons-and-substance-use
#3
Pamela Orpinas, Lusine Nahapetyan, Natalia Truszczynski
Understanding the interrelation among problem behaviors and their change over time is fundamental for prevention research. The Healthy Teens Longitudinal Study followed a cohort of adolescents from Grades 6-12. Prior research identified two distinct trajectories of perpetration of physical dating violence: Low and Increasing. The purpose of this study was to examine whether adolescents in these two trajectories differed longitudinally on other problem behaviors: (1) suicidal ideation and attempts, (2) weapon-carrying and threats with a weapon, and (3) substance use, particularly alcohol and marijuana...
January 16, 2017: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28090672/a-powerful-statistical-framework-for-generalization-testing-in-gwas-with-application-to-the-hchs-sol
#4
Tamar Sofer, Ruth Heller, Marina Bogomolov, Christy L Avery, Mariaelisa Graff, Kari E North, Alex P Reiner, Timothy A Thornton, Kenneth Rice, Yoav Benjamini, Cathy C Laurie, Kathleen F Kerr
In genome-wide association studies (GWAS), "generalization" is the replication of genotype-phenotype association in a population with different ancestry than the population in which it was first identified. Current practices for declaring generalizations rely on testing associations while controlling the family-wise error rate (FWER) in the discovery study, then separately controlling error measures in the follow-up study. This approach does not guarantee control over the FWER or false discovery rate (FDR) of the generalization null hypotheses...
January 15, 2017: Genetic Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28081371/gwas-identifies-new-loci-for-painful-temporomandibular-disorder
#5
A E Sanders, D Jain, T Sofer, K F Kerr, C C Laurie, J R Shaffer, M L Marazita, L M Kaste, G D Slade, R B Fillingim, R Ohrbach, W Maixner, T Kocher, O Bernhardt, A Teumer, C Schwahn, K Sipilä, R Lähdesmäki, M Männikkö, P Pesonen, M Järvelin, C M Rizzatti-Barbosa, C B Meloto, M Ribeiro-Dasilva, L Diatchenko, P Serrano, S B Smith
Temporomandibular disorder (TMD) is a musculoskeletal condition characterized by pain and reduced function in the temporomandibular joint and/or associated masticatory musculature. Prevalence in the United States is 5% and twice as high among women as men. We conducted a discovery genome-wide association study (GWAS) of TMD in 10,153 participants (769 cases, 9,384 controls) of the US Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). The most promising single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were tested in meta-analysis of 4 independent cohorts...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Dental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28080102/not-just-sticks-and-stones-indirect-ethnic-discrimination-leads-to-greater-physiological-reactivity
#6
Virginia W Huynh, Que-Lam Huynh, Mary-Patricia Stein
OBJECTIVES: We examined the effect of indirect ethnic discrimination on physiological reactivity (i.e., cortisol, blood pressure, heart rate) in Latino emerging adults. METHOD: Participants (N = 32) were randomly assigned to be exposed to indirect ethnic discrimination (experimental condition) or not (control condition) while undergoing a cognitive stress task. RESULTS: Greater total cortisol output was observed in participants in the experimental condition, relative to those in the control condition...
January 12, 2017: Cultural Diversity & Ethnic Minority Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28065799/experiences-in-care-by-parental-citizenship-and-language-use-among-latino-children-in-california
#7
Alexander N Ortega, Ryan M McKenna, Brent A Langellier, Héctor E Alcalá, Dylan H Roby
OBJECTIVE: To assess differences in healthcare access, utilization, and experiences among Latino children in California by parental citizenship status and language use. METHODS: Data are from the 2011 and 2012 California Health Interview Survey (CHIS) public use child files. A total of 2,841 interviews of parents of Latino children under the age of twelve years were conducted. Analyses were conducted to determine the associations between access (usual of source of care, delay in receiving needed care, health insurance), utilization (physician visits in past year, emergency department visits) and experiences (doctor listens, doctor explains instructions clearly, communication by telephone or email) by parental citizenship status and household language use after adjusting for confounders...
January 5, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28064028/resilient-empowered-active-living-with-diabetes-real-diabetes-study-methodology-and-baseline-characteristics-of-a-randomized-controlled-trial-evaluating-an-occupation-based-diabetes-management-intervention-for-young-adults
#8
Elizabeth A Pyatak, Kristine Carandang, Cheryl Vigen, Jeanine Blanchard, Paola A Sequeira, Jamie R Wood, Donna Spruijt-Metz, Robin Whittemore, Anne L Peters
OVERVIEW: This paper describes the study protocol used to evaluate the Resilient, Empowered, Active Living with Diabetes (REAL Diabetes) intervention and reports on baseline characteristics of recruited participants. REAL Diabetes is an activity-based intervention designed to address the needs of young adults diagnosed with type 1 (T1D) or type 2 diabetes (T2D) from low socioeconomic status or racial/ethnic minority backgrounds. The REAL intervention incorporates tailored delivery of seven content modules addressing various dimensions of health and well-being as they relate to diabetes, delivered by a licensed occupational therapist...
January 5, 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062923/cardiovascular-disease-and-psychiatric-disorders-among-latinos-in-the-united-states
#9
Leopoldo J Cabassa, Roberto Lewis-Fernández, Shuai Wang, Carlos Blanco
PURPOSE: Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is the leading cause of death among Latinos and disproportionately impacts people with psychiatric disorders. The aim of this study was to examine the relationships between CVD and psychiatric disorders among different Latino subgroups using a nationally representative sample. METHODS: Latinos participants (N = 6359) were drawn from Wave 2 of the National Epidemiologic Survey on Alcohol and Related Conditions. A structured diagnostic interview was used to determine psychiatric diagnoses for any past-year mood, anxiety, and substance use disorders...
January 6, 2017: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062817/impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-on-health-care-access-and-utilization-among-latinos
#10
Héctor E Alcalá, Jie Chen, Brent A Langellier, Dylan H Roby, Alexander N Ortega
INTRODUCTION: In the United States, Latinos have poorer access to and utilization of health care than non-Latino whites. The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) may reduce these disparities. The ACA's impact among Latino subgroups is unknown. METHODS: Using the 2011 to 2015 National Health Interview Survey, we examined access to and utilization of health care by Latino subgroups (18-64 years old). Subgroups were defined by Latino heritage group, citizenship status, and language use...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062808/practice-innovation-for-care-integration-opioid-management-and-quality-measurement-in-family-medicine
#11
EDITORIAL
Anne Victoria Neale, Marjorie A Bowman, Dean A Seehusen
Ringing in the new year 2017! This may finally be the year of real practice improvement after many false starts. Research into practice transformation has informed both local work and national policy. Human factors and payment structures are key. And payment structures depend on how quality is measured. Large gaps between practicing physician recommendations for the most important quality measures and those currently imposed externally are exposed in this issue. Also see information on in-practice social work consultations and their outcomes and recommendations from innovators in integrated care, and for chronic opioid therapy management based on visits to many family medicine offices...
January 2017: Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine: JABFM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28057651/efficacy-of-interventions-to-improve-physical-activity-levels-in-individuals-with-stroke-a-systematic-review-protocol
#12
Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Júlia Caetano Martins, Sylvie Nadeau, Raquel Rodrigues Britto, Luci F Teixeira-Salmela, Christina D C M Faria
INTRODUCTION: Stroke is a leading health problem worldwide and an important cause of disability. Stroke survivors show low levels of physical activity, and increases in physical activity levels may improve function and health status. Therefore, the aims are to identify which interventions that have been employed to increase physical activity levels with stroke survivors, to verify their efficacy and to identify the gaps in the literature. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials that investigated the efficacy of interventions aiming at increasing physical activity levels of stroke survivors will be conducted...
January 5, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28056514/race-as-a-predictor-of-palliative-care-referral-time-hospice-utilization-and-hospital-length-of-stay
#13
Brooke Worster, Declan Kennedy Bell, Vibin Roy, Amy Cunningham, Marianna LaNoue, Susan Parks
BACKGROUND: Palliative care is associated with significant benefits, including reduced pain and suffering, an increased likelihood of patients dying in their preferred location, and decreased health-care expenditures. Racial and ethnic disparities are well-documented in hospice use and referral patterns; however, it is unclear whether these disparities apply to inpatient palliative care services. OBJECTIVE: To determine if race is a significant predictor of time to inpatient palliative care consult, patient enrollment in hospice, and patients' overall hospital length of stay among patients of an inpatient palliative care service...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052168/a-review-of-tenure-for-black-latino-and-native-american-faculty-in-academic-medicine
#14
Zedeena E Fisher, José E Rodríguez, Kendall M Campbell
OBJECTIVES: Tenure policies in US medical schools have been under scrutiny for decades while black/African American, Latino, and Native American faculty continue to be underrepresented in medicine. As medical institutions seek to improve diversity, tenure continues to be a major retention tool. We undertook a systematic review of the literature to investigate the role that tenure plays in the recruitment, retention, and advancement of underrepresented minorities in medicine (URMM) faculty in academic medicine...
January 2017: Southern Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28049753/behavioral-lifestyle-interventions-for-the-primary-prevention-of-type-2-diabetes-and-translation-to-hispanic-latino-communities-in-the-united-states-and-mexico
#15
Elizabeth M Venditti
Lifestyle behaviors in overweight and obese individuals are closely linked to the development, course, and outcomes of type 2 diabetes and multiple comorbid health conditions. Behavior change theory and many randomized controlled studies offer strong support for screening and identifying adults at increased cardiometabolic risk and for providing early intervention to mitigate risk factors to prevent or delay the onset of disease. The current article reviews key lifestyle intervention efficacy and dissemination trials conducted with individuals deemed to be at increased risk for diabetes and describes the rationale for training teams of professionals and community health workers (e...
January 2017: Nutrition Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28043019/immigration-policies-and-mental-health-morbidity-among-latinos-a-state-level-analysis
#16
Mark L Hatzenbuehler, Seth J Prins, Morgan Flake, Morgan Philbin, M Somjen Frazer, Daniel Hagen, Jennifer Hirsch
RATIONALE: Despite abundant state-level policy activity in the U.S. related to immigration, no research has examined the mental health impact of the overall policy climate for Latinos, taking into account both inclusionary and exclusionary legislation. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between the state-level policy climate related to immigration and mental health outcomes among Latinos. METHODS: We created a multi-sectoral policy climate index that included 14 policies in four domains (immigration, race/ethnicity, language, and agricultural worker protections)...
November 30, 2016: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28039603/place-matters-in-non-traditional-migration-areas-exploring-barriers-to-healthcare-for-latino-immigrants-by-region-neighborhood-and-community-health-center
#17
Michael Topmiller, Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah J Jacquez, Lisa M Vaughn
This paper identifies differences in adult Latino immigrant barriers to healthcare in the Cincinnati area in Hamilton County, OH, on three levels: by region, by neighborhood, and by community health center. Secondary data analysis was performed on 439 surveys. Respondents were aggregated by the geographic regions and neighborhoods where they live and by two community health centers where they receive care. Outcome measures included pragmatic and skill barrier indices adapted from the Barriers to Care Questionnaire (BCQ); the pragmatics index consists logistical barriers, including transportation and cost; the skills index is made up of items related to navigating the healthcare system, including communicating with physicians and completing paperwork...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28038364/electronic-cigarette-use-and-uptake-of-cigarette-smoking-a-longitudinal-examination-of-u-s-college-students
#18
Tory R Spindle, Marzena M Hiler, Megan E Cooke, Thomas Eissenberg, Kenneth S Kendler, Danielle M Dick
INTRODUCTION: Electronic cigarette (e-cigarette) use prevalence is increasing among U.S. adolescents and adults but recent longitudinal data for college/university students are scarce. Furthermore, the extent that e-cigarette use is associated with the onset of cigarette smoking and the factors that lead to the uptake of e-cigarettes in college students has not been explored. METHODS: 3757 participants from a Mid-Atlantic university (women: 66%; White: 45%; Black: 21%; Asian: 19%; Hispanic/Latino: 6%) were surveyed in 2014 and again in 2015...
December 18, 2016: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28035647/offending-behavior-drug-use-and-mental-health-among-foreign-born-versus-u-s-born-latino-criminal-justice-clients
#19
Gladys E Ibañez, Michelle Agudo, Steve S Martin, Daniel J O'Connell, Rehab Auf, Diana M Sheehan
Little is known about the offending behavior and recidivism factors of Latinos by nativity (U.S. born, foreign-born). The present study focused on Latinos in community corrections (n = 201) in Miami, Florida, and examined differences in criminal activity, drug use, and mental health by nativity. Data were collected utilizing convenience sampling between June 2014 and December 2015. The research question was: what are the offending, drug use, and mental health histories of Latinos involved in community corrections? Participants were mostly male (n = 120; 59...
December 30, 2016: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027015/caring-for-individuals-with-chronic-illness-and-minor-depression-latino-perceptions-of-caregiver-burden
#20
Jaime Corvin, Isabella Chan, Ann Tezak, Kelly Carpenter, Claudia Aguado Loi, Junius Gonzales, Ismael Hoare
While informal caregiving can be fundamental to disease management, the burden experienced by caregivers, including psychosocial, physical, and financial stress, cannot be overlooked. Moreover, studies suggest that higher levels of stressors may exist among ethnic minorities. In the US, Latinos are burdened with increasing rates of chronic conditions and have the highest uninsured rates in the country. Moreover, the rapid growth of the Latino community coupled with the aging of the population may place increased stress on the health care system, including health care providers and social workers, as well as informal caregivers, from whom Latinos with chronic conditions often receive support...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Gerontological Social Work
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