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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28224349/mapping-the-health-information-landscape-in-a-rural-culturally-diverse-region-implications-for-interventions-to-reduce-information-inequality
#1
A Susana Ramírez, Erendira Estrada, Ariana Ruiz
The media is an important source of health information, especially critical in rural communities with geographically-dispersed populations that are harder to reach through other channels. Yet health information is unequally distributed; these information disparities are compounded in rural areas, which may contribute to health disparities. We identify and describe health-related news in a culturally-diverse rural California county characterized by high levels of poverty, unemployment, low educational attainment, and over half of Mexican-origin...
February 21, 2017: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219784/social-and-clinically-relevant-cardiovascular-risk-factors-in-asian-americans-adults-nhanes-2011-2014
#2
Sandra E Echeverria, Mehnaz Mustafa, Sir Ram Pentakota, Soyeon Kim, Katherine Hastings, Chioma Amadi, Latha Palaniappan
Little evidence exists examining cardiovascular risk factors among Asian Americans and how social determinants such as nativity status and education pattern risk in the United States (U.S.) context. We used the 2011-2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, which purposely oversampled Asian Americans from 2011 to 2014, and examined prevalence of Type II diabetes, smoking and obesity for Asian Americans (n=1363) and non-Latino Whites (n=4121). We classified Asian Americans as U.S. or foreign-born and by years in the U...
February 17, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28219386/advancing-system-and-policy-changes-for-social-and-racial-justice-comparing-a-rural-and-urban-community-based-participatory-research-partnership-in-the-u-s
#3
Carlos Devia, Elizabeth A Baker, Shannon Sanchez-Youngman, Ellen Barnidge, Maxine Golub, Freda Motton, Michael Muhammad, Charmaine Ruddock, Belinda Vicuña, Nina Wallerstein
BACKGROUND: The paper examines the role of community-based participatory research (CBPR) within the context of social justice literature and practice. METHODS: Two CBPR case studies addressing health inequities related to Type 2 Diabetes and Cardiovascular disease were selected from a national cross-site study assessing effective academic-community research partnerships. One CBPR partnership works with African Americans in rural Pemiscot County, Missouri and the other CBPR partnership works with African American and Latinos in urban South Bronx, New York City...
February 21, 2017: International Journal for Equity in Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28214669/correlates-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-5529-adolescents-with-type-1-diabetes-the-t1d-exchange-clinic-registry
#4
Karl E Minges, Robin Whittemore, Stuart A Weinzimer, Melinda L Irwin, Nancy S Redeker, Margaret Grey
AIMS: To describe the prevalence of overweight and obesity in adolescents with type 1 diabetes (T1D) and to examine the associations among socio-demographic, clinical, and self-management factors by weight status. METHODS: We analyzed baseline data obtained from 5529 adolescents with T1D (mean age=15.4±1.4years, 51.8% male, 77.9% white, mean HbA1c=8.7±1.8%; 72mmol/mol) from the T1D Exchange Clinic Registry. We examined correlates of weight status using multinomial logistic regression analyses...
February 4, 2017: Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213396/fear-by-association-perceptions-of-anti-immigrant-policy-and-health-outcomes
#5
Edward D Vargas, Gabriel R Sanchez, Melina Juárez
The United States is experiencing a renewed period of immigration and immigrant policy activity as well as heightened enforcement of such policies. This intensified activity can affect various aspects of immigrant health, including mental health. We use the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493) to examine the relationship between immigration and immigrant policy and Latino health and well-being. We estimate a series of categorical regression models and find that there are negative health consequences associated with Latinos' perceptions of living in states with unfavorable anti-immigration laws, including reporting poor health and problems with mental health...
February 17, 2017: Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28213132/surveillance-or-engagement-children-s-conflicts-during-health-maintenance-visits
#6
Sarah Polk, Russell Horwitz, Shaina Longway, Alfonso Bonilla, Kate Fothergill, Marc Karver, Peter Salmon, Lawrence Wissow
OBJECTIVE: School-aged health maintenance visits seek to prevent or intervene early with health issues of life-long importance. Little is known about what children expect to happen in these visits or how they experience them, factors related to their engagement as active collaborators in care. METHODS: Thirty children (53% Latino, 27% African-American and 20% White) age 7-11 years were video recorded during a health maintenance visit and then interviewed while reviewing the videos...
February 14, 2017: Academic Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28211056/targeted-mass-media-interventions-promoting-healthy-behaviours-to-reduce-risk-of-non-communicable-diseases-in-adult-ethnic-minorities
#7
REVIEW
Annhild Mosdøl, Ingeborg B Lidal, Gyri H Straumann, Gunn E Vist
BACKGROUND: Physical activity, a balanced diet, avoidance of tobacco exposure, and limited alcohol consumption may reduce morbidity and mortality from non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Mass media interventions are commonly used to encourage healthier behaviours in population groups. It is unclear whether targeted mass media interventions for ethnic minority groups are more or less effective in changing behaviours than those developed for the general population. OBJECTIVES: To determine the effects of mass media interventions targeting adult ethnic minorities with messages about physical activity, dietary patterns, tobacco use or alcohol consumption to reduce the risk of NCDs...
February 17, 2017: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207679/using-community-based-participatory-research-and-human-centered-design-to-address-violence-related-health-disparities-among-latino-a-youth
#8
Maryam Kia-Keating, Diana E Santacrose, Sabrina R Liu, Jessica Adams
High rates of exposure to violence and other adversities among Latino/a youth contribute to health disparities. The current article addresses the ways in which community-based participatory research (CBPR) and human-centered design (HCD) can help engage communities in dialogue and action. We present a project exemplifying how community forums, with researchers, practitioners, and key stakeholders, including youths and parents, integrated HCD strategies with a CBPR approach. Given the potential for power inequities among these groups, CBPR + HCD acted as a catalyst for reciprocal dialogue and generated potential opportunity areas for health promotion and change...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207678/mexican-american-college-men-s-mis-understandings-about-hpv-and-cervical-cancer
#9
Tiffany A Schiffner, Lydia P Buki, Raha F Sabet
Latinas have disproportionally high rates of cervical cancer in part due to their reliance on Latino partners to make sexual health decisions, their limited knowledge about human papillomavirus (HPV), and inconsistent Pap smear screening behaviors. In this qualitative study, we examined the sexual health beliefs of Latino college men regarding HPV. Participants included 6 Mexican American college students from a large Midwestern university. We conducted 18 in-depth individual interviews about men's beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge about HPV...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207677/predictors-of-human-papillomavirus-vaccine-initiation-and-completion-among-latino-mothers-of-11-to-17-year-old-daughters-living-along-the-texas-mexico-border
#10
Daisy Y Morales-Campos, Deborah Parra-Medina
Few Texas Latino girls initiate and complete the human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine series, but few studies have examined predictors of initiation and completion in this group. Mothers are crucial to vaccine uptake. Using self-reported data from mothers of unvaccinated girls (n = 317), we examined the association between predictors (HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge, vaccine self-efficacy) and outcomes (initiation and completion). Despite an increase in HPV and HPV vaccine knowledge from baseline to follow-up (n = 195), we found no association between the predictors and the outcomes...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207674/latino-acculturation-and-periodontitis-status-among-mexican-origin-adults-in-the-united-states-nhanes-2009-2012
#11
Dina Garcia, Sergey Tarima, Laura Glasman, Laura D Cassidy, John Meurer, Christopher Okunseri
This study examined the association between Latino acculturation indicators (language and citizenship/nativity status) and periodontitis using data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2009-2012. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression analyses were performed and all analyses were adjusted for the complex survey design. Results showed that 63.2% of participants had periodontitis: 9.4% mild, 37.9% moderate, and 16% severe. Language was significantly associated with periodontitis after adjusting for age, educational level, gender, usual source of care, flossing, smoking, and glycohemoglobin level (P = ...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28207673/demographic-characteristics-associated-with-barriers-to-health-care-among-mexican-and-guatemalan-immigrants-in-a-nontraditional-destination-area
#12
Jenny Zhen-Duan, Farrah Jacquez, Lisa Vaughn
The purpose of this study was to examine demographic factors associated with health care barriers among Mexican (n = 258) and Guatemalan (n = 143) immigrants in Cincinnati, a nontraditional destination (new migration area). Three primary results emerged: length of US residence was not associated with fewer health care barriers, Mexican women and younger Guatemalans endorsed fewer skills-related barriers, and childless Guatemalans reported more barriers to care the longer they reside in the United States, when compared with Guatemalans with children...
April 2017: Family & Community Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28205551/applying-recovery-biomarkers-to-calibrate-self-report-measures-of-sodium-and-potassium-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#13
Y Mossavar-Rahmani, D Sotres-Alvarez, W W Wong, C M Loria, M D Gellman, L Van Horn, M H Alderman, J M Beasley, C M Lora, A M Siega-Riz, R C Kaplan, P A Shaw
Measurement error in assessment of sodium and potassium intake obscures associations with health outcomes. The level of this error in a diverse US Hispanic/Latino population is unknown. We investigated the measurement error in self-reported dietary intake of sodium and potassium and examined differences by background (Central American, Cuban, Dominican, Mexican, Puerto Rican and South American). In 2010-2012, we studied 447 participants aged 18-74 years from four communities (Miami, Bronx, Chicago and San Diego), obtaining objective 24-h urinary sodium and potassium excretion measures...
February 16, 2017: Journal of Human Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202137/reconsidering-residential-mobility-differential-effects-on-child-wellbeing-by-race-and-ethnicity
#14
Kristin L Perkins
Residential mobility is a common experience among Americans, especially children. Most previous research finds residential mobility has negative effects on children's educational attainment, delinquency, substance abuse, and physical and mental health. Previous research, however, does not fully explore whether the effect of mobility differs by child race/ethnicity, in part because many of the samples used for these studies were majority white or exclusively non-white or disadvantaged. In addition, previous research rarely fully accounts for factors that predict selection into mobility and that may also be related to the outcome of interest...
March 2017: Social Science Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28193848/measurement-properties-of-self-report-physical-activity-assessment-tools-in-stroke-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review
#15
Júlia Caetano Martins, Larissa Tavares Aguiar, Sylvie Nadeau, Aline Alvim Scianni, Luci Fuscaldi Teixeira-Salmela, Christina Danielli Coelho de Morais Faria
INTRODUCTION: Self-report physical activity assessment tools are commonly used for the evaluation of physical activity levels in individuals with stroke. A great variety of these tools have been developed and widely used in recent years, which justify the need to examine their measurement properties and clinical utility. Therefore, the main objectives of this systematic review are to examine the measurement properties and clinical utility of self-report measures of physical activity and discuss the strengths and limitations of the identified tools...
February 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190691/lack-of-lipid-screening-disparities-in-obese-latino-adults-at-health-centers
#16
John D Heintzman, Steffani R Bailey, John Muench, Marie Killerby, Stuart Cowburn, Miguel Marino
INTRODUCTION: In cross-sectional survey studies, obese Latinos are less likely to be screened for elevated serum cholesterol, despite their higher risk for hyperlipidemia and coronary artery disease. This study evaluated insurance and racial/ethnic disparities in lipid screening receipt between obese Latino and non-Hispanic white patients in Oregon community health centers (CHCs) over 5 years, using electronic health record data. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study evaluated obese (BMI ≥30), low-income, adult patients (aged 21-79 years) with at least one visit at an Oregon CHC during 2009-2013 (n=11,095)...
February 9, 2017: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#17
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178971/building-social-capital-to-promote-adolescent-wellbeing-a-qualitative-study-with-teens-in-a-latino-agricultural-community
#18
Marissa Raymond-Flesch, Colette Auerswald, Linda McGlone, Megan Comfort, Alexandra Minnis
BACKGROUND: Latino youth, particularly in rural settings, experience significant disparities in rates of teen pregnancy and violence. Few data are available regarding social and structural influences on Latino youth's developmental trajectories, specifically on factors that promote wellbeing and protect them from engagement in high-risk sexual and violence-related behaviors. METHODS: Forty-two youth aged 13 to 19 years old were recruited from middle schools and youth leadership programs to participate in one of eight community-based focus groups in Salinas, a predominantly Latino, urban center in California's rural central coast...
February 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178927/racial-and-ethnic-differences-in-smoking-changes-after-chronic-disease-diagnosis-among-middle-aged-and-older-adults-in-the-united-states
#19
Ana R Quiñones, Corey L Nagel, Jason T Newsom, Nathalie Huguet, Paige Sheridan, Stephen M Thielke
BACKGROUND: Middle-aged and older Americans from underrepresented racial and ethnic backgrounds are at risk for greater chronic disease morbidity than their white counterparts. Cigarette smoking increases the severity of chronic illness, worsens physical functioning, and impairs the successful management of symptoms. As a result, it is important to understand whether smoking behaviors change after the onset of a chronic condition. We assessed the racial/ethnic differences in smoking behavior change after onset of chronic diseases among middle-aged and older adults in the US...
February 8, 2017: BMC Geriatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28177564/involving-latina-o-parents-in-patient-centered-outcomes-research-contributions-to-research-study-design-implementation-and-outcomes
#20
Mónica Pérez Jolles, Maria Martinez, San Juanita Garcia, Gabriela L Stein, Kathleen C Thomas
BACKGROUND: Comparative effectiveness research (CER) is supported by policymakers as a way to provide service providers and patients with evidence-based information to make better health-care decisions and ultimately improve services for patients. However, Latina/o patients are rarely involved as study advisors, and there is a lack of documentation on how their voices contribute to the research process when they are included as collaborators. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article was to contribute to the literature by presenting concrete contributions of Latina/o parent involvement to study design, implementation and outcomes in the context of a CER study called Padres Efectivos (Parent Activation)...
February 8, 2017: Health Expectations: An International Journal of Public Participation in Health Care and Health Policy
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