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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29349222/a-comprehensive-analysis-of-the-mortality-experience-of-hispanic-subgroups-in-the-united-states-variation-by-age-country-of-origin-and-nativity
#1
Andrew Fenelon, Juanita J Chinn, Robert N Anderson
Although those identifying as "Hispanic or Latino" experience lower adult mortality than the more socioeconomically advantaged non-Hispanic white population, the ethnic category Hispanic conceals variation by country of origin, nativity, age, and immigration experience. The current analysis examines adult mortality differentials among 12 Hispanic subgroups by region of origin and nativity, and non-Hispanic whites, adjusting for socioeconomic and demographic characteristics. We use the National Health Interview Survey Linked Mortality Files pooled 1990-2009 to obtain sufficient sample of each subgroup to calculate mortality estimates by sex and age group (25-64, 65+)...
December 2017: SSM—Population Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29345992/the-effect-of-patient-navigation-on-the-likelihood-of-engagement-in-clinical-care-for-hiv-infected-individuals-leaving-jail
#2
Janet J Myers, Mi-Suk Kang Dufour, Kimberly A Koester, Mark Morewitz, Rebecca Packard, Kate Monico Klein, Milton Estes, Brie Williams, Alissa Riker, Jacqueline Tulsky
OBJECTIVES: To compare the effectiveness of patient navigation-enhanced case management in supporting engagement in HIV care upon release from jail relative to existing services. METHODS: We randomized 270 HIV-infected individuals to receive navigation-enhanced case management for 12 months or standard case management for 90 days following release from jail between 2010 and 2013. Participants were interviewed at 2, 6, and 12 months after release. We abstracted medical data from jail and city health records...
January 18, 2018: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29343079/cultural-factors-and-oral-health-related-quality-of-life-among-dentate-adults-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#3
Marushka L Silveira, Bruce A Dye, Timothy J Iafolla, Margo R Adesanya, Shahdokht Boroumand, Marston E Youngblood, Christian R Salazar, Tracy L Finlayson, Tasneem Khambaty, Shirley M Beaver, A Isabel Garcia
OBJECTIVE: Research on the relationships between acculturation, ethnic identity, and oral health-related quality of life (OHRQOL) among the U.S. Hispanic/Latino population is sparse. The aim of this study is to examine the association between acculturation, ethnic identity, and OHRQOL among 13,172 adults in the 2008-2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL). DESIGN: Participants self-reported their acculturation (immigrant generation, birthplace, residence in the U...
January 18, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29338957/commuting-and-sleep-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-sue%C3%A3-o-ancillary-study
#4
Megan E Petrov, Jia Weng, Kathryn J Reid, Rui Wang, Alberto R Ramos, Douglas M Wallace, Carmela Alcantara, Jianwen Cai, Krista Perreira, Rebeca A Espinoza Giacinto, Phyllis C Zee, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Sanjay R Patel
INTRODUCTION: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. METHODS: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week...
January 12, 2018: American Journal of Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334983/an-individually-tailored-family-centered-intervention-for-pediatric-obesity-in-primary-care-study-protocol-of-a-randomized-type-ii-hybrid-effectiveness-implementation-trial-raising-healthy-children-study
#5
Justin D Smith, Cady Berkel, Neil Jordan, David C Atkins, Shrikanth S Narayanan, Carlos Gallo, Kevin J Grimm, Thomas J Dishion, Anne M Mauricio, Jenna Rudo-Stern, Mariah K Meachum, Emily Winslow, Meg M Bruening
BACKGROUND: Pediatric obesity is a multi-faceted public health concern that can lead to cardiovascular diseases, cancers, and early mortality. Small changes in diet, physical activity, or BMI can significantly reduce the possibility of developing cardiometabolic risk factors. Family-based behavioral interventions are an underutilized, evidence-based approach that have been found to significantly prevent excess weight gain and obesity in children and adolescents. Poor program availability, low participation rates, and non-adherence are noted barriers to positive outcomes...
January 15, 2018: Implementation Science: IS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333640/comparing-mental-health-of-us-children-of-immigrants-and-non-immigrants-in-4-racial-ethnic-groups
#6
JaHun Kim, Semret Nicodimos, Siri E Kushner, Isaac C Rhew, Elizabeth McCauley, Ann Vander Stoep
BACKGROUND: To compare the mental health status of children of immigrant (COI) and non-immigrant (NI) parents and to determine whether differences in mental health status between COI and NI vary across 4 racial/ethnic groups. METHODS: We conducted universal mental health screening of 2374 sixth graders in an urban public school district. To screen, we administered well-validated adolescent depression and disruptive behavior problem questionnaires. We evaluated associations between child mental health, parent immigration status, and race/ethnicity using binomial regression...
February 2018: Journal of School Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29333200/perceptions-of-mindfulness-in-a-low-income-primarily-african-american-treatment-seeking-sample
#7
Claire Adams Spears, Sean C Houchins, Wendy P Bamatter, Sandra Barrueco, Diana Stewart Hoover, Rokas Perskaudas
Individuals with low socioeconomic status (SES) and members of racial/ethnic minority groups often experience profound disparities in mental health and physical well-being. Mindfulness-based interventions show promise for improving mood and health behaviors in higher-SES and non-Latino White populations. However, research is needed to explore what types of adaptations, if any, are needed to best support underserved populations. This study used qualitative methods to gain information about a) perceptions of mindfulness, b) experiences with meditation, c) barriers to practicing mindfulness, and d) recommendations for tailoring mindfulness-based interventions in a low-income, primarily African American treatment-seeking sample...
December 2017: Mindfulness
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29331482/genetic-basis-of-hearing-loss-in-spanish-hispanic-and-latino-populations
#8
REVIEW
Rahul Mittal, Amit P Patel, Desiree Nguyen, Debbie R Pan, Vasanti M Jhaveri, Jason R Rudman, Arjuna Dharmaraja, Denise Yan, Yong Feng, Prem Chapagain, David J Lee, Susan H Blanton, Xue Zhong Liu
Hearing loss (HL) is the most common neurosensory disorder affecting humans. The screening, prevention and treatment of HL require a better understanding of the underlying molecular mechanisms. Genetic predisposition is one of the most common factors that leads to HL. Most HL studies include few Spanish, Hispanic and Latino participants, leaving a critical gap in our understanding about the prevalence, impact, unmet health care needs, and genetic factors associated with hearing impairment among Spanish, Hispanic and Latino populations...
January 10, 2018: Gene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29329436/development-of-the-place-based-adelante-social-marketing-campaign-for-prevention-of-substance-use-sexual-risk-and-violence-among-latino-immigrant-youth
#9
E L Andrade, W D Evans, N D Barrett, S D Cleary, M C Edberg, R D Alvayero, E C Kierstead, A Beltran
Immigrant Latino youth represent a high-risk subgroup that should be targeted with health promotion efforts. However, there are considerable barriers to engagement in health-related programming. Little is known about the engagement possibilities of social marketing campaigns and digital strategies for traditionally 'hard-to-reach' immigrants, underscoring the importance of testing these techniques with immigrant Latino adolescents. We developed and piloted a place-based social marketing campaign in coordination with the branded, Positive Youth Development-based (PYD) Adelante intervention targeting risk factors for co-occurring youth substance abuse, sexual risk and violence...
January 9, 2018: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29327269/unfair-treatment-and-periodontitis-among-adults-in-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos-hchs-sol
#10
Tracy L Finlayson, Hector Lemus, Karen Becerra, Linda M Kaste, Shirley M Beaver, Christian R Salazar, Richard H Singer, Marston E Youngblood
This study investigates how perceived unfair treatment, towards self and observed towards others due to ethnicity, is associated with periodontitis among diverse Hispanic/Latino adults, accounting for sociodemographic, health behavior, and acculturation factors. Baseline (2008-2011) dental and survey data from the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL), a multicenter epidemiologic study, were analyzed (N = 12,750). Crude and adjusted prevalence ratios and confidence limits were estimated...
January 11, 2018: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29323831/biking-for-health-results-of-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial-examining-the-impact-of-a-bicycling-intervention-on-lower-income-adults
#11
Rebecca Bernstein, Robert Schneider, Whitney Welch, Anne Dressel, Melissa DeNomie, Jennifer Kusch, Mirtha Sosa
INTRODUCTION: This pilot study tested the efficacy of a bicycling intervention targeting inactive, low-income, overweight adults on reducing perceived barriers to bicycling, increasing physical activity, and improving health. METHODS: A nonblinded 2-site randomized controlled trial was conducted in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in summer 2015. Participants included members from 1 largely Latino community and a second primarily African American neighborhood. A certified bicycling instructor led a 12-week bicycling intervention...
August 2017: WMJ: Official Publication of the State Medical Society of Wisconsin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29319331/-simple-and-easy-providers-and-latinos-perceptions-of-the-fecal-immunochemical-test-fit-for-colorectal-cancer-screening
#12
Claudia X Aguado Loi, Dinorah Martinez Tyson, Enmanuel A Chavarria, Liliana Gutierrez, Lynne Klasko, Stacy Davis, Diana Lopez, Tracy Johns, Cathy D Meade, Clement K Gwede
OBJECTIVE: Colorectal cancer (CRC) screening efforts have effectively reduced CRC morbidity and mortality, yet screening remains relatively low among Latinos. The study's purpose was to document the awareness/knowledge of Fecal Immunochemical Test (FIT) among Latinos, gain better understanding of patient and health care provider perceptions about FIT, and explore the feasibility of adoption/uptake. DESIGN/METHODS: The study was guided by qualitative, ethnography design and methods...
January 10, 2018: Ethnicity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29318759/associations-of-sodium-and-potassium-with-obesity-measures-among-diverse-us-hispanic-latino-adults-results-from-the-hispanic-community-health-study-study-of-latinos
#13
Tali Elfassy, Yasmin Mossavar-Rahmani, Linda Van Horn, Marc Gellman, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Neil Schneiderman, Martha Daviglus, Jeannette M Beasley, Maria M Llabre, Pamela A Shaw, Guillermo Prado, Hermes Florez, Adina Zeki Al Hazzouri
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to evaluate cross-sectional associations of sodium and potassium with BMI, waist circumference (WC), and body fat and to determine whether the nativity and/or duration of United States (US) residence modified these associations. METHODS: Sodium and potassium were derived from 24-hour diet recalls from 16,156 US participants of the 2008 to 2011 Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) and from 24-hour urine in 447 HCHS/SOL participants...
January 10, 2018: Obesity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316797/disparities-in-hiv-viral-load-suppression-by-race-ethnicity-among-men-who-have-sex-with-men-in-the-hiv-outpatient-study
#14
Kate Buchacz, Carl Armon, E Tedaldi, Frank J Palella, Richard M Novak, Douglas Ward, Rachel Hart, Marcus Durham, John Brooks
INTRODUCTION: Maximizing the rates of virologic suppression (VS) among gay, bisexual, and other men who have sex with men (MSM) is essential to limiting HIV morbidity and sexual transmission of HIV in the United States. METHODS: We analyzed data for MSM of non-Hispanic white (white), non-Hispanic black (black) or Hispanic/Latino race/ethnicity in the HIV Outpatient Study (HOPS) at nine U.S. HIV clinics. VS (HIV RNA < 50 copies/mL) was measured closest to January 1, 2015...
January 9, 2018: AIDS Research and Human Retroviruses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29298494/development-of-a-community-based-palliative-care-screening-tool-for-underserved-older-adults-with-chronic-illnesses
#15
Angela Ghesquiere, Daniel S Gardner, Caitlin McAfee, Cara Kenien, Elizabeth Capezuti, Elissa Kozlov, Jo Anne Sirey, M Carrington Reid
Although they experience high rates of chronic illness, low-income minority communities have traditionally underutilized palliative care services compared to whites and those with higher incomes. One reason for this trend is lack of screening by community providers. We utilized a community-based participatory research approach to develop and implement an innovative multidomain palliative care screening tool in aging service agencies. Participants were aging service providers and clients in the East and Central Harlem neighborhoods of New York City, which are characterized by high poverty, largely African American and Latino populations, disproportionally high rates of chronic conditions, and limited health-care access...
January 1, 2018: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294934/examining-the-relationship-between-economic-abuse-and-mental-health-among-latina-intimate-partner-violence-survivors-in-the-united-states
#16
America L Davila, Laura Johnson, Judy L Postmus
Currently, Latinos constitute the second largest and fastest growing minority group in the United States. Among this population, one in every six Latinas experience intimate partner violence (IPV) in her lifetime. Research has documented significant detrimental effects of physical, sexual, emotional, and psychological IPV on the physical, emotional, and cognitive well-being of various cultural/ethnic groups; however, few studies have focused on economic abuse, which may include tactics of economic control, economic exploitation, and employment sabotage...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29294917/bidirectional-relations-between-dating-violence-victimization-and-substance-use-in-a-diverse-sample-of-early-adolescents
#17
Katherine A Taylor, Terri N Sullivan
Substance use and dating violence victimization are common in adolescence and represent significant public health concerns. Although theoretical accounts suggest a bidirectional association between substance use and victimization within dating relationships, this has not been tested during early adolescence. Thus, the current study examined bidirectional associations between physical and psychological dating violence victimization and substance use across 6 months among an ethnically diverse sample of early adolescents...
September 1, 2017: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289853/identity-as-a-cannabis-user-is-related-to-problematic-patterns-of-consumption-among-emerging-adults
#18
Claire E Blevins, Ana M Abrantes, Bradley J Anderson, Celeste M Caviness, Debra S Herman, Michael D Stein
INTRODUCTION: Cannabis use has become a more normative, socially-acceptable behavior in the United States, despite research indicating that frequent use may become problematic for some individuals. Emerging adulthood, a time of identity development, is the most common time for cannabis use. Cannabis self-concept, or one's identification with cannabis as part of their personality or identity, is one factor that may influence use behavior. This study extends previous research that reported a link between self-concept, motivational factors, and normative beliefs by evaluating relationships between cannabis self-concept, motives for use, motivation to change, perceived descriptive norms, as well as cannabis-related outcomes (use, using alone, and cannabis-related problems)...
December 20, 2017: Addictive Behaviors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29289549/questioning-the-dietary-acculturation-paradox-a-mixed-methods-study-of-the-relationship-between-food-and-ethnic-identity-in-a-group-of-mexican-american-women
#19
A Susana Ramírez, Tanya Golash-Boza, Jennifer B Unger, Lourdes Baezconde-Garbanati
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have described an "acculturation paradox." Increased acculturation to the United States is associated with increased consumption of dietary fat and decreased consumption of fruits/vegetables. OBJECTIVE: To expand understanding of the dietary acculturation paradox, this study examined how bicultural Mexican-American women construct ethnic identity and how these identities and identity-making processes relate to perceptions of health and nutrition...
December 27, 2017: Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29284295/perceptions-of-cancer-risk-efficacy-and-cancer-related-risk-behaviors-results-from-the-hchs-sol-sociocultural-ancillary-study
#20
Rina S Fox, Sarah D Mills, Scott C Roesch, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Patricia Gonzalez, Venera Bekteshi, Jianwen Cai, David W Lounsbury, Gregory A Talavera, Frank J Penedo, Vanessa L Malcarne
This study evaluated the associations among perceived risk, perceived efficacy, and engagement in six cancer-related risk behaviors in a population-based Hispanic/Latino sample. Interviews were conducted with 5,313 Hispanic/Latino adults as part of the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos (HCHS/SOL) Sociocultural Ancillary Study. Participants were recruited from the study's four field centers (Bronx, NY; Chicago, IL; Miami, FL; San Diego, CA) between February 2010 and June 2011. Perceived risk and perceived efficacy were assessed with questions drawn from the Health Interview National Trends Survey...
December 1, 2017: Health Education & Behavior: the Official Publication of the Society for Public Health Education
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