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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469452/risk-factors-of-pesticide-poisoning-and-pesticide-users-cholinesterase-levels-in-cotton-production-areas-glazou%C3%A3-and-sav%C3%A3-townships-in-central-republic-of-benin
#1
REVIEW
Hinson Antoine Vikkey, Dossou Fidel, Yehouenou Pazou Elisabeth, Hountikpo Hilaire, Lawin Hervé, Aguèmon Badirou, Koudafoke Alain, Houngbégnon Parfait, Gounongbé Fabien, Fayomi Benjamin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of poisoning in farmers using the erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) test before and after the exposure to pesticides in townships in central Benin (Glazoué and Savè) and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we recruited 264 farm pesticide sprayers, who have been working for at least 5 years. They completed a questionnaire and underwent the AChE test using the Test-mate Model 400 device (EQM Research Inc...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437652/review-of-take-home-pesticide-exposure-pathway-in-children-living-in-agricultural-areas
#2
REVIEW
Carly Hyland, Ouahiba Laribi
BACKGROUND: Children of farmworkers may be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to analyze scientific literature evaluating the role of the take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children of agricultural workers. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and inclusion criteria were applied to identify original articles of interest. Of the 30 articles included in this review, some belonged to the same studies, resulting in a total of 23 studies...
April 21, 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414703/recruitment-methods-and-descriptive-results-of-a-physiologic-assessment-of-latino-farmworkers-the-california-heat-illness-prevention-study
#3
Diane C Mitchell, Javier Castro, Tracey L Armitage, Alondra J Vega-Arroyo, Sally C Moyce, Daniel J Tancredi, Deborah H Bennett, James H Jones, Tord Kjellstrom, Marc B Schenker
OBJECTIVE: The California heat illness prevention study (CHIPS) devised methodology and collected physiological data to assess heat related illness (HRI) risk in Latino farmworkers. METHODS: Bilingual researchers monitored HRI across a workshift, recording core temperature, work rate (metabolic equivalents [METs]), and heart rate at minute intervals. Hydration status was assessed by changes in weight and blood osmolality. Personal data loggers and a weather station measured exposure to heat...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409702/providing-health-information-to-latino-farmworkers-the-case-of-the-affordable-care-act
#4
Thomas A Arcury, Anna Jensen, Mackenzie Mann, Joanne C Sandberg, Melinda F Wiggins, Jennifer W Talton, Mark A Hall, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVE: Providing health program information to vulnerable communities, such as Latino farmworkers, is difficult. This analysis describes the manner in which farmworkers receive information about the Affordable Care Act, comparing farmworkers to other Latinos. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 100 Latino farmworkers and 100 urban Latino North Carolina residents in 2015. RESULTS: Most farmworkers had received health information from a community organization...
April 14, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28402203/hydration-and-cooling-practices-among-farmworkers-in-oregon-and-washington
#5
Jeffrey W Bethel, June T Spector, Jennifer Krenz
BACKGROUND: Although recommendations for preventing occupational heat-related illness among farmworkers include hydration and cooling practices, the extent to which these recommendations are universally practiced is unknown. The objective of this analysis was to compare hydration and cooling practices between farmworkers in Oregon and Washington. METHODS: A survey was administered to a purposive sample of Oregon and Washington farmworkers. Data collected included demographics, work history and current work practices, hydration practices, access and use of cooling measures, and headwear and clothing worn...
April 12, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28393128/prevalence-and-predictors-of-mental-health-among-farmworkers-in-southeastern-anatolia-of-turkey
#6
Zeynep Simsek, Ayşana Zehra Keklik, Canan Demir, Kerim M Munir
BACKGROUND: Mental health problems represent a major component of the global burden of disease. The primary objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and predictors of psychological wellbeing among farmworkers and to evaluate their mental health services need for in rural primary health care settings. METHODS: The study sample comprised 1855 farmworkers (918 women, and 937 men) who were selected using probability cluster sampling method at 95% confidence interval (87...
January 2017: Int J Environ Agric Res
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28363965/fresh-produce-microbial-indicator-contamination-on-farms-and-packing-facilities-elucidation-of-environmental-routes
#7
Faith E Bartz, Jacquelyn Sunshine Lickness, Norma Heredia, Anna Fabiszewski de Aceituno, Kira L Newman, Domonique Watson Hodge, Lee-Ann Jaykus, Santos García, Juan S Leon
To improve food safety on farms, it is critical to quantify the impact of environmental microbial contamination sources on fresh produce. However, studies are hampered by difficulties achieving study designs with powered sample sizes to elucidate relationships between environmental and produce contamination. Our goal was to quantify, in the agricultural production environment, the relationship between microbial contamination on hands, soil, and water and contamination on fresh produce. In 11 farms and packing facilities in northern Mexico, we applied a matched study design: composite samples (N=636, equivalent to 11,046 units) of produce rinses were matched to water, soil, and worker hand rinses during two growing seasons...
March 31, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322708/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-zoonotic-poxviruses-circulating-in-the-amazon-region-of-colombia-2014
#8
Jose A Usme-Ciro, Andrea Paredes, Diana M Walteros, Erica Natalia Tolosa-Pérez, Katherine Laiton-Donato, Maria Del Carmen Pinzón, Brett W Petersen, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Yu Li, Kimberly Wilkins, Whitni Davidson, Jinxin Gao, Nishi Patel, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Mary G Reynolds, P S Satheshkumar, Ginny L Emerson, Andrés Páez-Martínez
During 2014, cutaneous lesions were reported in dairy cattle and farmworkers in the Amazon Region of western Colombia. Samples from 6 patients were analyzed by serologic and PCR testing, and results demonstrated the presence of vaccinia virus and pseudocowpox virus. These findings highlight the need for increased poxvirus surveillance in Colombia.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245565/prevalence-and-determinants-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-from-migrant-and-seasonal-farmworker-families-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-assessment
#9
REVIEW
Yuen Mei Lim, SuJin Song, Won O Song
Overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is a pressing health concern among migrant and seasonal farmworker (MSFW) families in the US. The limited number of previously reported research on MSFW families suggests that their unique sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle predispose them to poor health outcomes including OW/OB. We aimed to synthesize and assess available data on the prevalence and modifiable health determinants of OW/OB in MSFW children and adolescents. Literature search, study selection, data extraction and synthesis, and qualitative assessment of selected studies were performed independently by two authors...
February 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242030/determinants-of-adiposity-rebound-timing-in-children
#10
Edward H Ip, Sarah A Marshall, Santiago Saldana, Joseph A Skelton, Cynthia K Suerken, Thomas A Arcury, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVE: Adiposity rebound (AR) or BMI (body mass index) rebound refers to the increase in BMI following the minimum BMI in early childhood. Early AR (before age 5) is predictive of adult obesity. To determine how 4 domains - demographics, maternal BMI, food security, and behavioral characteristics - may affect timing of AR. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 248 children, ages 2.5-3.5 years, in Latino farmworker families in North Carolina were examined at baseline and every 3 months for 2 years...
May 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#11
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166131/comments-on-organophosphate-pesticide-urinary-metabolites-among-latino-immigrants-north-carolina-farmworkers-and-non-farmworkers-compared-arcury-ta-et-al-joem-2016-58-11-1079-86-november-2016
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166130/response-to-comments-on-organophosphate-pesticide-urinary-metabolites-among-latino-immigrants-north-carolina-farmworkers-and-non-farmworkers-compared-arcury-ta-et-al-joem-2016-58-11-1079-86-november-2016
#13
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129083/pesticides-perceived-threat-and-protective-behaviors-among-latino-farmworkers
#14
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine LePrevost, Bob Wong, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and beliefs of 72 Latino farmworkers in North Carolina about the threat of health effects of pesticides, including cancer. It sought to explore relationships between threat perceptions and pesticide protective behaviors observed in the field. METHODS/RESULTS: Utilizing stepwise multiple regression, the authors found that years worked in agriculture in the United States was associated with decreased use of protective clothing...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118798/investigation-of-brucellosis-in-a-female-agricultural-population-in-turkey
#15
Nebiye Yentur Doni, Gulcan Gurses, Zeynep Simsek, Fadile Yildiz Zeyrek, Gozde Yasar
Much epidemiological information concerning brucellosis generally depends on the evaluation of hospital-based retrospective data. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of brucellosis in female farmworkers in the south-eastern region of Turkey (GAP) in order to obtain a more representative analysis. Our representative community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during four months of 2013, in all nine GAP provinces. An optimum sample size was determined and blood samples were analysed from 707 reproductive-age female farmworkers using the Rose Bengal (RBT) and standard (SAT) agglutination tests...
April 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118110/heat-exposure-in-central-florida-fernery-workers-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#16
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Jose Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Joan Flocks, Jeannie Economos, Vicki Hertzberg, Linda A McCauley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of field-based biomonitoring of heat-related illness (HRI) phenomena in Florida farmworkers. We determined feasibility through participant interviews regarding acceptability, data capture, recruitment and retention, and observed barriers and challenges to implementation. METHODS: Study participants were employed in fernery operations in northeast Central Florida where ornamental ferns are grown and harvested in a seasonally high heat environment...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076578/confirmed-clinical-case-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-causes-in-agricultural-communities-in-central-america-a-case-definition-for-surveillance
#17
Alejandro Ferreiro, Guillermo Álvarez-Estévez, Manuel Cerdas-Calderón, Zulma Cruz-Trujillo, Elio Mena, Marina Reyes, Mabel Sandoval-Diaz, Vicente Sánchez-Polo, Régulo Valdés, Pedro Ordúnez
Over the last 20 years, many reports have described an excess of cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Pacific coastal area of Central America, mainly affecting male farmworkers and signaling a serious public health problem. Most of these cases are not associated with traditional risk factors for CKD, such as aging, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. This CKD of nontraditional causes (CKDnT) might be linked to environmental and/or occupational exposure or working conditions, limited access to health services, and poverty...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076577/chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-etiology-in-central-america-a-provisional-epidemiologic-case-definition-for-surveillance-and-epidemiologic-studies
#18
Matthew Lozier, Reina Maria Turcios-Ruiz, Gary Noonan, Pedro Ordunez
SYNOPSIS Over the last two decades, experts have reported a rising number of deaths caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD) along the Pacific coast of Central America, from southern Mexico to Costa Rica. However, this specific disease is not associated with traditional causes of CKD, such as aging, diabetes, or hypertension. Rather, this disease is a chronic interstitial nephritis termed chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology (CKDnT). According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) mortality database, there are elevated rates of deaths related to kidney disease in many of these countries, with the highest rates being reported in El Salvador and Nicaragua...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058235/increasing-sun-protection-behaviors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-call-for-action
#19
Brian Martin, Vinayak K Nahar, Amanda K Hutcheson, Javier F Boyas, Manoj Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051924/does-working-in-the-agricultural-sector-affect-the-selection-of-a-family-planning-method
#20
Sibel Ayhan, Fatma Gözükara, Ibrahim Koruk
Seasonal farmworkers are one of the groups that should be examined in terms of family planning method because low socio-economic levels, limited accommodation, and living conditions in agricultural areas can restrict workers' access to information and health services. The study was carried out to determine the effect of working environment in agriculture on female seasonal workers' choice of family planning method. This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 women. It was found that the working and living conditions in the agricultural sector forced women to change their family planning method...
March 2017: Health Care for Women International
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