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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28322708/detection-and-molecular-characterization-of-zoonotic-poxviruses-circulating-in-the-amazon-region-of-colombia-2014
#1
Jose A Usme-Ciro, Andrea Paredes, Diana M Walteros, Erica Natalia Tolosa-Pérez, Katherine Laiton-Donato, Maria Del Carmen Pinzón, Brett W Petersen, Nadia F Gallardo-Romero, Yu Li, Kimberly Wilkins, Whitni Davidson, Jinxin Gao, Nishi Patel, Yoshinori Nakazawa, Mary G Reynolds, P S Satheshkumar, Ginny L Emerson, Andrés Páez-Martínez
During 2014, cutaneous lesions were reported in dairy cattle and farmworkers in the Amazon Region of western Colombia. Samples from 6 patients were analyzed by serologic and PCR testing, and results demonstrated the presence of vaccinia virus and pseudocowpox virus. These findings highlight the need for increased poxvirus surveillance in Colombia.
April 2017: Emerging Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28245565/prevalence-and-determinants-of-overweight-and-obesity-in-children-and-adolescents-from-migrant-and-seasonal-farmworker-families-in-the-united-states-a-systematic-review-and-qualitative-assessment
#2
REVIEW
Yuen Mei Lim, SuJin Song, Won O Song
Overweight and obesity (OW/OB) is a pressing health concern among migrant and seasonal farmworker (MSFW) families in the US. The limited number of previously reported research on MSFW families suggests that their unique sociodemographic characteristics and lifestyle predispose them to poor health outcomes including OW/OB. We aimed to synthesize and assess available data on the prevalence and modifiable health determinants of OW/OB in MSFW children and adolescents. Literature search, study selection, data extraction and synthesis, and qualitative assessment of selected studies were performed independently by two authors...
February 24, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28242030/determinants-of-adiposity-rebound-timing-in-children
#3
Edward H Ip, Sarah A Marshall, Santiago Saldana, Joseph A Skelton, Cynthia K Suerken, Thomas A Arcury, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVE: Adiposity rebound (AR) or BMI (body mass index) rebound refers to the increase in BMI following the minimum BMI in early childhood. Early AR (before age 5) is predictive of adult obesity. To determine how 4 domains - demographics, maternal BMI, food security, and behavioral characteristics - may affect timing of AR. STUDY DESIGN: A total of 248 children, ages 2.5-3.5 years, in Latino farmworker families in North Carolina were examined at baseline and every 3 months for 2 years...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28178991/an-ethnographic-study-of-salt-use-and-humoral-concepts-in-a-latino-farm-worker-community-in-california-s-central-valley
#4
Judith C Barker, Claudia Guerra, M Judy Gonzalez-Vargas, Kristin S Hoeft
BACKGROUND: This article reports on the use of domestic or table salt for its perceived health effects and healing properties in a Latino farmworker community. It explores how contemporary salt usage beliefs can be seen to have roots in long-standing humoral theories of medicine and health. METHODS: This qualitative investigation comprised 30 in-depth individual interviews and five focus groups conducted in Spanish with Mexican and Central American immigrants in one small city in California's Central Valley (N = 61 total participants)...
February 8, 2017: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166131/comments-on-organophosphate-pesticide-urinary-metabolites-among-latino-immigrants-north-carolina-farmworkers-and-non-farmworkers-compared-arcury-ta-et-al-joem-2016-58-11-1079-86-november-2016
#5
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28166130/response-to-comments-on-organophosphate-pesticide-urinary-metabolites-among-latino-immigrants-north-carolina-farmworkers-and-non-farmworkers-compared-arcury-ta-et-al-joem-2016-58-11-1079-86-november-2016
#6
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28129083/pesticides-perceived-threat-and-protective-behaviors-among-latino-farmworkers
#7
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine LePrevost, Bob Wong, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to assess the knowledge and beliefs of 72 Latino farmworkers in North Carolina about the threat of health effects of pesticides, including cancer. It sought to explore relationships between threat perceptions and pesticide protective behaviors observed in the field. METHODS/RESULTS: Utilizing stepwise multiple regression, we found that years worked in agriculture in the United States was associated with decreased use of protective clothing...
January 27, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118798/investigation-of-brucellosis-in-a-female-agricultural-population-in-turkey
#8
Nebiye Yentur Doni, Gulcan Gurses, Zeynep Simsek, Fadile Yildiz Zeyrek, Gozde Yasar
Much epidemiological information concerning brucellosis generally depends on the evaluation of hospital-based retrospective data. The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and risk factors of brucellosis in female farmworkers in the south-eastern region of Turkey (GAP) in order to obtain a more representative analysis. Our representative community-based cross-sectional study was conducted during four months of 2013, in all nine GAP provinces. An optimum sample size was determined and blood samples were analysed from 707 reproductive-age female farmworkers using the Rose Bengal (RBT) and standard (SAT) agglutination tests...
January 1, 2017: Tropical Doctor
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28118110/heat-exposure-in-central-florida-fernery-workers-results-of-a-feasibility-study
#9
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Jose Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Joan Flocks, Jeannie Economos, Vicki Hertzberg, Linda A McCauley
OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to determine the feasibility of field-based biomonitoring of heat-related illness (HRI) phenomena in Florida farmworkers. We determined feasibility through participant interviews regarding acceptability, data capture, recruitment and retention, and observed barriers and challenges to implementation. METHODS: Study participants were employed in fernery operations in northeast Central Florida where ornamental ferns are grown and harvested in a seasonally high heat environment...
January 24, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076578/confirmed-clinical-case-of-chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-causes-in-agricultural-communities-in-central-america-a-case-definition-for-surveillance
#10
Alejandro Ferreiro, Guillermo Álvarez-Estévez, Manuel Cerdas-Calderón, Zulma Cruz-Trujillo, Elio Mena, Marina Reyes, Mabel Sandoval-Diaz, Vicente Sánchez-Polo, Régulo Valdés, Pedro Ordúnez
Over the last 20 years, many reports have described an excess of cases of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the Pacific coastal area of Central America, mainly affecting male farmworkers and signaling a serious public health problem. Most of these cases are not associated with traditional risk factors for CKD, such as aging, diabetes mellitus, and hypertension. This CKD of nontraditional causes (CKDnT) might be linked to environmental and/or occupational exposure or working conditions, limited access to health services, and poverty...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28076577/chronic-kidney-disease-of-nontraditional-etiology-in-central-america-a-provisional-epidemiologic-case-definition-for-surveillance-and-epidemiologic-studies
#11
Matthew Lozier, Reina Maria Turcios-Ruiz, Gary Noonan, Pedro Ordunez
SYNOPSIS Over the last two decades, experts have reported a rising number of deaths caused by chronic kidney disease (CKD) along the Pacific coast of Central America, from southern Mexico to Costa Rica. However, this specific disease is not associated with traditional causes of CKD, such as aging, diabetes, or hypertension. Rather, this disease is a chronic interstitial nephritis termed chronic kidney disease of nontraditional etiology (CKDnT). According to the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) mortality database, there are elevated rates of deaths related to kidney disease in many of these countries, with the highest rates being reported in El Salvador and Nicaragua...
November 2016: Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública, Pan American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28058235/increasing-sun-protection-behaviors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-call-for-action
#12
Brian Martin, Vinayak K Nahar, Amanda K Hutcheson, Javier F Boyas, Manoj Sharma
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2017: Health Promotion Perspectives
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28051924/does-working-in-the-agricultural-sector-affect-the-selection-of-a-family-planning-method
#13
Sibel Ayhan, Fatma Gözükara, Ibrahim Koruk
Seasonal farmworkers are one of the groups that should be examined in terms of family planning method because low socio-economic levels, limited accommodation, and living conditions in agricultural areas can restrict workers' access to information and health services. The study was carried out to determine the effect of working environment in agriculture on female seasonal workers' choice of family planning method. This cross-sectional study was performed on 300 women. It was found that the working and living conditions in the agricultural sector forced women to change their family planning method...
March 2017: Health Care for Women International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28042852/a-brief-report-lessons-learned-and-preliminary-findings-of-progreso-en-salud-an-hiv-risk-reduction-intervention-for-latina-seasonal-farmworkers
#14
Mariano Kanamori, Mario De La Rosa, Stephanie Diez, Jessica Weissman, Mary Jo Trepka, Alicia Sneij, Peter Schmidt, Patria Rojas
Throughout the past decade, HIV rates in Florida-particularly South Florida, where many Latina seasonal farmworkers reside and work-have ranked among the highest in the nation. In this brief report, we delineate important lessons learned and preliminary findings from the implementation of the HIV prevention intervention Progreso en Salud (Progress in Health). Among the 114 Latina seasonal farmworker participants, there were significant increases from baseline to 6-month follow-up in the percentages of overall condom use, HIV testing, HIV/AIDS-related communications with friends, HIV knowledge, condom use self-efficacy, and correct use of condoms...
December 30, 2016: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27982747/women-s-perception-of-adolescent-marijuana-use-in-a-hispanic-seasonal-farm-worker-community-a-qualitative-study
#15
Mariano Kanamori, Jessica Weissman, Mario De La Rosa, James Melton, Mariana Sanchez, Patria Rojas, Mary Jo Trekpa
We examined the perception of adolescent children's marijuana use and its consequences in the Hispanic seasonal farmworking community of South Florida via three focus groups with Hispanic adult female seasonal workers (n = 29). The women described how adolescents' marijuana use increased over the past five years. Social networks for marijuana use were reported near schools and bus stations. Although participants expressed concern over adolescent marijuana use and involvement in selling marijuana, they reported that their job demands preclude their ability to supervise their children...
December 16, 2016: Journal of Ethnicity in Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27929690/comparison-of-the-center-for-epidemiology-studies-depression-scale-and-beck-depression-inventory-for-research-with-latinas
#16
Melinda Bogardus
U.S. Latino farmworkers face multiple potential stressors. Research on the mental health status of this U.S. Latino subgroup has suggested high prevalence of stress, anxiety, and depressive symptoms when compared to other groups. Latina farmworkers may be at greater risk than their male counterparts for poor mental health because they confront many of the same stressors but may experience additional difficulties including domestic violence, taking on new roles and responsibilities on top of traditional ones, and being expected to maintain the health and integrity of their families at the expense of their own needs...
February 2017: Issues in Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27862249/a-critical-caring-theory-of-protection-for-migrants-and-seasonal-farmworkers
#17
Jennifer E Shearer
Pesticide exposures represent inequities among a vulnerable population of migrant and seasonal farmworkers. A social justice theory synthesized from an environmental health research framework, a middle range theory of critical caring, and literature on pesticide exposure is presented as a situation-specific public health practice theory. Concepts from the physiological, epistemological, vulnerability, and health protection domains are related to concepts of critical caring revealing protective strategies for vulnerable populations exposed to pesticides...
November 14, 2016: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836847/human-oral-buccal-microbiomes-are-associated-with-farmworker-status-and-azinphos-methyl-agricultural-pesticide-exposure
#18
Ian B Stanaway, James C Wallace, Ali Shojaie, William C Griffith, Sungwoo Hong, Carly S Wilder, Foad H Green, Jesse Tsai, Misty Knight, Tomomi Workman, Eric M Vigoren, Jeffrey S McLean, Beti Thompson, Elaine M Faustman
In a longitudinal agricultural community cohort sampling of 65 adult farmworkers and 52 adult nonfarmworkers, we investigated agricultural pesticide exposure-associated changes in the oral buccal microbiota. We found a seasonally persistent association between the detected blood concentration of the insecticide azinphos-methyl and the taxonomic composition of the buccal swab oral microbiome. Blood and buccal samples were collected concurrently from individual subjects in two seasons, spring/summer 2005 and winter 2006...
January 15, 2017: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27820757/organophosphate-pesticide-urinary-metabolites-among-latino-immigrants-north-carolina-farmworkers-and-non-farmworkers-compared
#19
Thomas A Arcury, Paul J Laurienti, Haiying Chen, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Phillip Summers, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: This analysis documents detections and concentrations of the six dialkylphosphate (DAP) urinary metabolite of organophosphorus (OP) pesticides among North Carolina Latino migrant farmworkers, with comparison to non-farmworker Latino immigrants. METHODS: Participants provided up to four urine samples during the 2012 and 2013 agricultural seasons. Composite urine samples for each year were analyzed. RESULTS: DAP urinary metabolite detections were similar in farmworkers and non-farmworker; for example, for 2012, 75...
November 2016: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27818415/out-of-sight-out-of-mind-the-implementation-and-impact-of-the-affordable-care-act-in-u-s-farmworker-communities
#20
Alexis Guild, Chelly Richards, Virginia Ruiz
Farmworkers are a unique population within rural communities and are often overlooked and undercounted. They face significant disparities in health and health care access compared with the general rural population. One goal of the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act (ACA) is to increase access to health care and health insurance for the country's most vulnerable and underserved populations. Farmworkers' numerous barriers to health care and health insurance remain, despite the ACA's progress. Apart from anecdotal accounts, we lack the necessary data to assess the ACA's impact on farmworker communities...
2016: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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