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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806486/farmworker-vulnerability-to-heat-hazards-a-conceptual-framework
#1
Valerie Vi Thien Mac, Linda A McCauley
PURPOSE: To review factors that impact the effect of hot environments on the human body in order to develop a conceptual model of human biological response. METHODS: The organizing concept for the model development was the multilevel integration of three major factors, exposure to heat, sensitivity and adaptive capacity, and the heat stress response. Exposure of a vulnerable occupational group was used to illustrate the components of the model. FINDINGS: Components of this framework include the hazard (environmental heat stress), vulnerability factors (workplace exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity), and the heat stress response...
August 14, 2017: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28762882/acute-pesticide-related-illness-among-farmworkers-barriers-to-reporting-to-public-health-authorities
#2
Joanne Bonnar Prado, Prakash R Mulay, Edward J Kasner, Heidi K Bojes, Geoffrey M Calvert
Farmworkers are at high risk of acute occupational pesticide-related illness (AOPI) and AOPI surveillance is vital to preventing these illnesses. Data on such illnesses are collected and analyzed to identify high risk groups, high risk pesticides, and root causes. Interventions to address these risks and root causes include farmworker outreach, education, and regulation. Unfortunately, it is well known that AOPI is under-reported, meaning that the true burden of this condition remains unknown. This paper reviews the barriers to reporting of farmworker AOPI to public health authorities and provides some practical solutions...
August 1, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28742987/caring-for-children-while-working-in-agriculture-the-perspective-of-farmworker-parents
#3
Amy K Liebman, Juliana Simmons, Marsha Salzwedel, Antonio Tovar-Aguilar, Barbara Lee
Access to safe, off-farm childcare is often a challenge for farmworkers with young children and is likely to become an increasingly salient barrier as more agricultural workers migrate together with families and as the number of women entering the agricultural workforce increases. Agriculture is one of the most hazardous industries, and the presence of young children in the workplace puts them at risk. To better understand the current nature of childcare for farmworker families and the challenges to accessing services, this project facilitated in-person surveys with 132 parents in three communities in Florida...
July 25, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28736406/using-policy-briefs-to-present-scientific-results-of-cbpr-farmworkers-in-north-carolina
#4
Thomas A Arcury, Melinda F Wiggins, Carol Brooke, Anna Jensen, Phillip Summers, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
BACKGROUND: Using scientific results to inform policy that improves health and well-being of vulnerable community members is essential to community-based participatory research (CBPR). OBJECTIVES: We describe "policy briefs," a mechanism developed to apply the results of CBPR projects with migrant and seasonal farmworkers to policy changes. LESSONS LEARNED: Policy briefs are two-page summaries of published research that address a single policy issue using language and graphics to make the science accessible to diverse audiences...
2017: Progress in Community Health Partnerships: Research, Education, and Action
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728349/occupational-risk-factors-among-iranian-farmworkers-a-review-of-the-available-evidence
#5
REVIEW
Mahin Ghafari, Zahra Cheraghi, Amin Doosti-Irani
Farming is one of the most important components of most economies. No comprehensive picture exists of the health status of Iranian farmers and the work-related hazards that affect them. We aimed to determine the gaps in the current knowledge regarding the occupational health of Iranian farmworkers. Electronic databases including Medline, Web of Science, Scopus, and Embase, as well as national databases including the Scientific Information Database, MagIran, and Barakat Knowledge System, were searched for articles published through March 2017...
2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28704143/north-carolina-state-agencies-working-to-prevent-agricultural-injuries-and-illnesses
#6
Ricky Langley, Anne Hirsch, Regina Cullen, John Allran, Renee Woody, Derrick Bell
Over the past 25 years, the North Carolina Departments of Labor, Agriculture and Consumer Services, and Health and Human Services have worked with farmers, farmworkers, commodity and trade associations, universities, and cooperative extension agents to develop programs to decrease the occurrence of injuries and illnesses among agricultural workers and their families. The Bureau of Agricultural Safety and Health in the North Carolina Department of Labor helped craft the Migrant Housing Act, created the Gold Star program, and developed numerous projects promoting rural highway safety and farm safety...
July 13, 2017: Journal of Agromedicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28697063/disseminating-pesticide-exposure-results-to-farmworker-and-nonfarmworker-families-in-an-agricultural-community-a-community-based-participatory-research-approach
#7
Beti Thompson, Elizabeth Carosso, William Griffith, Tomomi Workman, Sarah Hohl, Elaine Faustman
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the impact of a dissemination process to provide individual pesticide results to study participants. METHODS: After working with community members to disseminate data, 37 participants were recontacted via an interview survey to assess the effectiveness of the dissemination process. RESULTS: Almost all participants (97.3%) recalled a home visit from a health promoter; 29 (78.4%) correctly recalled that the health promoter used a thermometer or graphic to explain the results; 26 (70...
July 10, 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665352/covariates-of-identified-stress-and-depression-among-seasonal-farmworkers
#8
Beth H Chaney, Essie Torres
Many noted difficulties of farmworker life result in increased risk for stress and depression. To date, limited research has focused primarily on seasonal farmworkers; much of the prior research examines migrant farmworkers or both groups collectively. This study aims to: (1) describe levels of stress and depression among a sample of seasonal farmworkers; and (2) identify if covariates (age, gender, marital status, education level, years of residency, problems obtaining healthcare due to documentation, language barriers, transportation, costs, medical insurance, and stress level) are significant predictors of depressive symptoms...
June 30, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28651254/a-preliminary-study-of-a-spanish-graphic-novella-targeting-hearing-loss-prevention
#9
Mark Guiberson, Emily Wakefield
Purpose: This preliminary study developed a digital graphic novella targeting hearing protection beliefs of Spanish-speaking agricultural workers. Researchers used pretest-posttest interview surveys to establish if the novella had an immediate influence on the participants' beliefs about noise-induced hearing loss and usage of hearing protection devices. Method: Researchers developed a digital graphic novella directed to increase knowledge about noise-induced hearing loss and increase the proper use of hearing protection devices...
June 23, 2017: American Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28644414/benefits-facilitators-barriers-and-strategies-to-improve-pesticide-protective-behaviors-insights-from-farmworkers-in-north-carolina-tobacco-fields
#10
AnnMarie Lee Walton, Catherine E LePrevost, Laura Linnan, Ana Sanchez-Birkhead, Kathi Mooney
Pesticide exposure is associated with deleterious health effects. Prior studies suggest Latino farmworkers perceive little control over their occupational health. Using the Health Belief Model as a theoretical guide, we explored the perceptions of Latino farmworkers working in tobacco in North Carolina (n = 72) about benefits and facilitators of pesticide protective behaviors as well as barriers, and strategies to overcome barriers to their use. Interviews were conducted with participants at farmworker housing during non-work time...
June 23, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643172/associations-of-work-stress-supervisor-unfairness-and-supervisor-inability-to-speak-spanish-with-occupational-injury-among-latino-farmworkers
#11
Jessica Miller Clouser, Ashley Bush, Wenqi Gan, Jennifer Swanberg
Little is known about how psychosocial work factors such as work stress, supervisor fairness, and language barriers affect risk of occupational injury among Latino farmworkers. This study attempts to address these questions. Surveys were administered via interviews to 225 Latino thoroughbred farmworkers. Multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI) of occupational injury in the past year in relation to occupational characteristics...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628755/the-association-between-skin-rashes-and-work-environment-personal-protective-equipment-and-hygiene-practices-among-female-farmworkers
#12
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28628754/the-association-between-skin-rashes-and-work-environment-personal-protective-equipment-and-hygiene-practices-among-female-farmworkers
#13
Kristina Campbell, Brenda Baker, Antonio Tovar, Eugenia Economos, Bryan Williams, Linda McCauley
The objective of this study was to assess work-related hygiene practices and the frequency and location of skin rashes due to cutaneous contact with crop-associated materials (e.g., pesticides) for female nursery and fernery workers in Central Florida. A cross-sectional, community-based participatory research study of 237 female nursery and fernery workers between the ages of 19 and 43 years with significant cutaneous contact with foliage crops was conducted using a self-report questionnaire and a skin rash chart assessment tool...
July 2017: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622109/farmworker-and-nonfarmworker-latino-immigrant-men-in-north-carolina-have-high-levels-of-specific-pesticide-urinary-metabolites
#14
Thomas A Arcury, Haiying Chen, Paul J Laurienti, Timothy D Howard, Dana Boyd Barr, Dana C Mora, Sara A Quandt
This article compares detections and concentrations of specific organophosphate (OP), bis-dithiocarbamate, and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites among Latino male farmworkers and nonfarmworkers in North Carolina. Data are from interviews and urine samples collected in 2012 and 2013. Farmworkers and nonfarmworkers frequently had detections for OP and pyrethroid pesticide urinary metabolites. Detection of bis-dithiocarbamate urinary metabolites was less frequent, but substantial among the nonfarmworkers...
June 16, 2017: Archives of Environmental & Occupational Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28589485/changing-snap-participation-trends-among-farmworker-households-in-the-u-s-2003-2012
#15
Alvaro Medel-Herrero, J Paul Leigh
We investigated Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) participation among citizen, documented and undocumented immigrant hired crop farmworkers for ten recent years. We analyzed population representative data from the National Agricultural Workers Survey for 2003-2012 (N = 18,243 households). Time-chart, simple mean differences, and logistic regressions described farmworker household participation in SNAP. The 2008 financial crisis almost doubled SNAP-participation by agriculture households (6...
June 6, 2017: Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583619/the-impacts-of-pesticide-and-nicotine-exposures-on-functional-brain-networks-in-latino-immigrant-workers
#16
Mohsen Bahrami, Paul J Laurienti, Sara A Quandt, Jennifer Talton, Carey N Pope, Phillip Summers, Jonathan H Burdette, Haiying Chen, Jing Liu, Timothy D Howard, Thomas A Arcury, Sean L Simpson
Latino immigrants that work on farms experience chronic exposures to potential neurotoxicants, such as pesticides, as part of their work. For tobacco farmworkers there is the additional risk of exposure to moderate to high doses of nicotine. Pesticide and nicotine exposures have been associated with neurological changes in the brain. Long-term exposure to cholinesterase-inhibiting pesticides, such as organophosphates and carbamates, and nicotine place this vulnerable population at risk for developing neurological dysfunction...
June 2, 2017: Neurotoxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28469452/risk-factors-of-pesticide-poisoning-and-pesticide-users-cholinesterase-levels-in-cotton-production-areas-glazou%C3%A3-and-sav%C3%A3-townships-in-central-republic-of-benin
#17
REVIEW
Hinson Antoine Vikkey, Dossou Fidel, Yehouenou Pazou Elisabeth, Hountikpo Hilaire, Lawin Hervé, Aguèmon Badirou, Koudafoke Alain, Houngbégnon Parfait, Gounongbé Fabien, Fayomi Benjamin
OBJECTIVE: To assess the degree of poisoning in farmers using the erythrocyte acetylcholinesterase (AChE) test before and after the exposure to pesticides in townships in central Benin (Glazoué and Savè) and to identify the associated risk factors. METHODS: Using a cross-sectional study design, we recruited 264 farm pesticide sprayers, who have been working for at least 5 years. They completed a questionnaire and underwent the AChE test using the Test-mate Model 400 device (EQM Research Inc...
2017: Environmental Health Insights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437652/review-of-take-home-pesticide-exposure-pathway-in-children-living-in-agricultural-areas
#18
REVIEW
Carly Hyland, Ouahiba Laribi
BACKGROUND: Children of farmworkers may be chronically exposed to pesticides via the take-home exposure pathway. OBJECTIVE: The goal of this review was to analyze scientific literature evaluating the role of the take-home pesticide exposure pathway in children of agricultural workers. METHODS: A systematic review was undertaken and inclusion criteria were applied to identify original articles of interest. Of the 30 articles included in this review, some belonged to the same studies, resulting in a total of 23 studies...
July 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28414703/recruitment-methods-and-descriptive-results-of-a-physiologic-assessment-of-latino-farmworkers-the-california-heat-illness-prevention-study
#19
Diane C Mitchell, Javier Castro, Tracey L Armitage, Alondra J Vega-Arroyo, Sally C Moyce, Daniel J Tancredi, Deborah H Bennett, James H Jones, Tord Kjellstrom, Marc B Schenker
OBJECTIVE: The California heat illness prevention study (CHIPS) devised methodology and collected physiological data to assess heat related illness (HRI) risk in Latino farmworkers. METHODS: Bilingual researchers monitored HRI across a workshift, recording core temperature, work rate (metabolic equivalents [METs]), and heart rate at minute intervals. Hydration status was assessed by changes in weight and blood osmolality. Personal data loggers and a weather station measured exposure to heat...
July 2017: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28409702/providing-health-information-to-latino-farmworkers-the-case-of-the-affordable-care-act
#20
Thomas A Arcury, Anna Jensen, Mackenzie Mann, Joanne C Sandberg, Melinda F Wiggins, Jennifer W Talton, Mark A Hall, Sara A Quandt
OBJECTIVE: Providing health program information to vulnerable communities, such as Latino farmworkers, is difficult. This analysis describes the manner in which farmworkers receive information about the Affordable Care Act, comparing farmworkers with other Latinos. METHODS: Interviews were conducted with 100 Latino farmworkers and 100 urban Latino North Carolina residents in 2015. RESULTS: Most farmworkers had received health information from a community organization...
2017: Journal of Agromedicine
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