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Cardiovascular monitors

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29453755/effect-of-nicotine-on-repeated-bouts-of-anaerobic-exercise-in-nicotine-na%C3%A3-ve-individuals
#1
Robert Johnston, Melissa Crowe, Kenji Doma
PURPOSE: Nicotine is a psychostimulant that is reported to be commonly supplemented by athletes. The purpose of the current study was to determine the effects of a rapidly absorbed form of nicotine on repeated bouts of anaerobic exercise, perception of exertion and a range of cardiovascular variables while monitoring side effect profiles. METHODS: Sixteen healthy, nicotine naïve male athletes (24.1 ± 5.3 years, 179.0 ± 8.8 cm, 81.7 ± 13.5 kg, BMI 25.5 ± 3.0, Body fat% 13...
February 16, 2018: European Journal of Applied Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452603/the-effects-of-desflurane-and-sevoflurane-on-nesfatin-1-levels-in-laparoscopic-cholecystectomy-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#2
A T D Ozcan, C B Altin, S Erdogan, M Ergin, A Çiftçi, H Kara, S M Aksoy, A But
BACKGROUND: Nesfatin-1 is involved in cardiovascular regulation, stress-related responses. The objective of this study is to investigate the impact of volatile anesthetics on Nesfatin-1 levels. METHOD: Fourty-two patients aged 30-65 years with the American Society Anesthesiology (ASA) Class I-II who were scheduled for laparoscopic cholecystectomy were included in the study Patients were randomized into two group; desflurane administered group (Group I, n = 21) and sevoflurane administered group (Group II, n = 21)...
February 16, 2018: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29452368/validity-of-the-swedish-cardiac-surgery-registry
#3
Per Vikholm, Torbjörn Ivert, Johan Nilsson, Anders Holmgren, Wolfgang Freter, Lisa Ternström, Haider Ghaidan, Ulrik Sartipy, Christian Olsson, Hans Granfeldt, Sigurdur Ragnarsson, Örjan Friberg
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to validate the Swedish Cardiac Surgery Registry by reviewing the reported cardiac operations to assess the completeness and quality of the registered data and the EuroSCORE II variables. METHODS: A total of 5837 cardiac operations were reported to the Swedish Cardiac Surgery Registry in Sweden during 2015. A randomly selected sample of 753 patient records (13%) was scrutinized by 3 surgeons at all 8 units in Sweden performing open cardiac surgery in adults...
February 14, 2018: Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29451048/impact-of-radon-and-combinatory-radon-carbon-dioxide-spa-on-pain-and-hypertension-results-from-the-explorative-rad-on01-study
#4
Paul F Rühle, Gerhart Klein, Tatjana Rung, Hong Tiep Phan, Claudia Fournier, Rainer Fietkau, Udo S Gaipl, Benjamin Frey
OBJECTIVES: Therapies with low doses of radon have beneficial effects on patients suffering from chronic painful degenerative and inflammatory diseases. We already showed that this is accompanied by systemic immune modulations. We here focus on pain reducing effects of very low doses of radon by adding carbon dioxide water and its impact on heart rate variability (HRV), blood pressure and free radicals. METHODS: 100 patients receiving radon spa (1.200 Bq/l at 34°C or 600 Bq/l, 1 g/l CO 2 at 34°C) were monitored before and at three different time points after therapy...
February 16, 2018: Modern Rheumatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450979/guidance-on-home-blood-pressure-monitoring-a-statement-of-the-hope-asia-network
#5
Kazuomi Kario, Sungha Park, Peera Buranakitjaroen, Yook-Chin Chia, Chen-Huan Chen, Romeo Divinagracia, Satoshi Hoshide, Jinho Shin, Saulat Siddique, Jorge Sison, Arieska Ann Soenarta, Guru Prasad Sogunuru, Jam Chin Tay, Yuda Turana, Lawrence Wong, Yuqing Zhang, Ji-Guang Wang
Hypertension is an important modifiable cardiovascular risk factor and a leading cause of death throughout Asia. Effective prevention and control of hypertension in the region remain a significant challenge despite the availability of several regional and international guidelines. Out-of-office measurement of blood pressure (BP), including home BP monitoring (HBPM), is an important hypertension management tool. Home BP is better than office BP for predicting cardiovascular risk and HBPM should be considered for all patients with office BP ≥ 130/85 mm Hg...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450967/carotid-atherosclerosis-and-the-association-between-nocturnal-blood-pressure-dipping-and-cardiovascular-events
#6
Praew Kotruchin, Satoshi Hoshide, Kazuomi Kario
The impact of a nondipping blood pressure (BP) pattern, defined as (awake systolic BP - sleep systolic BP)/awake systolic BP < 0.1, on cardiovascular events in populations with different degrees of carotid atherosclerosis is uncertain. The authors hypothesized that a nondipping BP pattern would show differential predictive power for cardiovascular events, including total cardiovascular death, sudden death, nonfatal cardiovascular events, and nonfatal stroke, between populations with and without carotid atherosclerosis...
February 16, 2018: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29450689/the-first-multicenter-randomized-controlled-trial-of-home-telemonitoring-for-japanese-patients-with-heart-failure-home-telemonitoring-study-for-patients-with-heart-failure-homes-hf
#7
Norihiko Kotooka, Masafumi Kitakaze, Kengo Nagashima, Machiko Asaka, Yoshiharu Kinugasa, Kotaro Nochioka, Atsushi Mizuno, Daisuke Nagatomo, Daigo Mine, Yoko Yamada, Akiko Kuratomi, Norihiro Okada, Daisuke Fujimatsu, So Kuwahata, Shigeru Toyoda, Shin-Ichi Hirotani, Takahiro Komori, Kazuo Eguchi, Kazuomi Kario, Takayuki Inomata, Kaoru Sugi, Kazuhiro Yamamoto, Hiroyuki Tsutsui, Tohru Masuyama, Hiroaki Shimokawa, Shin-Ichi Momomura, Yoshihiko Seino, Yasunori Sato, Teruo Inoue, Koichi Node
Home telemonitoring is becoming more important to home medical care for patients with heart failure. Since there are no data on home telemonitoring for Japanese patients with heart failure, we investigated its effect on cardiovascular outcomes. The HOMES-HF study was the first multicenter, open-label, randomized, controlled trial (RCT) to elucidate the effectiveness of home telemonitoring of physiological data, such as body weight, blood pressure, and pulse rate, for Japanese patients with heart failure (UMIN Clinical Trials Registry 000006839)...
February 15, 2018: Heart and Vessels
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29449664/incidence-and-clinical-characteristics-of-ciguatera-fish-poisoning-in-guadeloupe-french-west-indies-between-2013-and-2016-a-retrospective-cases-series
#8
Denis Boucaud-Maitre, Jean-Paul Vernoux, Stéphane Pelczar, Elise Daudens-Vaysse, Lyderic Aubert, Sylvie Boa, Serge Ferracci, Robert Garnier
This retrospective case study analysed the incidence and symptoms of ciguatera fish poisoning (ciguatera) in Guadeloupe (French West Indies) between 2013 and 2016. Cases attending the emergency departments of the two public hospitals and the reports received by the regional health authority in charge of monitoring (ARS) were compiled. Two hundred and thirty-four cases of poisoning were observed, with a mean annual incidence of 1.47/10,000 (95% CI): 1.29-1.66), i.e 5 times higher than the previously reported incidence (1996-2006)...
February 15, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29447081/is-neuropathic-pain-associated-with-cardiac-sympathovagal-activity-changes-in-patients-with-breast-cancer
#9
Hilal Yesil, Sibel Eyigor, Meral Kayıkcıoglu, Ruchan Uslu, Menekse Inbat, Benay Ozbay
Objective Heart rate variability (HRV) is a good indicator of the autonomic nervous system (ANS) activity. A few studies have been conducted recently and have shown a relationship between reduced HRV and conditions that lead to neuropathic pain (NP). In this study, we aimed to investigate whether NP is associated with changes in cardiac sympathovagal activity in patients with breast cancer (BC). Methods We used the Leeds Assessment of Neuropathic Symptoms and Signs (LANSS) questionnaire to evaluate NP in 70 patients with BC...
February 15, 2018: Neurological Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29444507/high-uric-acid-inhibits-cardiomyocyte-viability-through-the-erk-p38-pathway-via-oxidative-stress
#10
Zhi Li, Yang Shen, Yingqun Chen, Guokai Zhang, Jidong Cheng, Wei Wang
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Clinical studies have shown that hyperuricaemia is strongly associated with cardiovascular disease. However, the molecular mechanisms of high uric acid (HUA) associated with cardiovascular disease remain poorly understood. In this study, we investigated the effect of HUA on cardiomyocytes. METHODS: We exposed H9c2 cardiomyocytes to HUA, then cell viability was determined by MTT assay, and reactive oxygen species' (ROS) production was detected by a fluorescence assay...
February 8, 2018: Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29443761/haemolytic-uremic-syndrome-due-to-infection-with-adenovirus-a-case-report-and-literature-review
#11
Victoria Birlutiu, Rares Mircea Birlutiu
RATIONALE: Haemolytic-uremic syndrome is a rare but serious complication of bacterial and viral infections, which is characterized by the triad of: acute renal failure, microangiopathic haemolytic anemia and thrombocytopenia, sometimes severe, requiring peritoneal dialysis. In Europe, hemolytic-uremic syndrome (HUS) in paediatric pathology is primarily caused by Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157, followed by O26. Beside these etiologies, there are other bacterial and viral infections, and also noninfectious ones that have been associated to lead to HUS as well: in the progression of neoplasia, medication-related, post-transplantation, during pregnancy or associated with the antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic lupus erythematosus or family causes with autosomal dominant or recessive inheritance...
February 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29442057/inguinal-hernia-repair-in-day-surgery-the-role-of-mac-monitored-anesthesia-care-with-remifentanil
#12
P Palumbo, S Usai, C Amatucci, B Perotti, L Ruggeri, G Illuminati, G Tellan
BACKGROUND: The extension of indications for procedures in a Day Surgery (DS) setting has led to changes in the anesthetic and surgical treatment of Inguinal Hernias (IH). According to the recommendations of the European Hernia Society, the treatment of IH in DS units should be performed under Monitored Anesthesia Care (MAC). PATIENTS AND METHODS: 960 patients underwent IH repairs over a period of 24 months. The patients were randomly divided into two groups: R (remifentanil) and F (fentanyl); the group F was considered as a control group...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29441119/diagnosis-monitoring-and-prevention-of-exposure-related-non-communicable-diseases-in-the-living-and-working-environment-dimopex-project-is-designed-to-determine-the-impacts-of-environmental-exposure-on-human-health
#13
REVIEW
Lygia Therese Budnik, Balazs Adam, Maria Albin, Barbara Banelli, Xaver Baur, Fiorella Belpoggi, Claudia Bolognesi, Karin Broberg, Per Gustavsson, Thomas Göen, Axel Fischer, Dorota Jarosinska, Fabiana Manservisi, Richard O'Kennedy, Johan Øvrevik, Elizabet Paunovic, Beate Ritz, Paul T J Scheepers, Vivi Schlünssen, Heidi Schwarzenbach, Per E Schwarze, Orla Sheils, Torben Sigsgaard, Karel Van Damme, Ludwine Casteleyn
The WHO has ranked environmental hazardous exposures in the living and working environment among the top risk factors for chronic disease mortality. Worldwide, about 40 million people die each year from noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) including cancer, diabetes, and chronic cardiovascular, neurological and lung diseases. The exposure to ambient pollution in the living and working environment is exacerbated by individual susceptibilities and lifestyle-driven factors to produce complex and complicated NCD etiologies...
2018: Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29438459/dietary-supplements-with-antiplatelet-activity-a-solution-for-everyone
#14
Beata Olas
Dietary supplements can have beneficial effects on a number of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases, and interest in the use of nonpharmacologic nutraceutical-based treatments for cardiovascular disorders is growing. The aim of this review is to present the role of dietary supplements with antiplatelet activity in the prophylaxis and treatment of cardiovascular disorders. In addition, this paper describes their effects on another very important element of hemostasis-blood coagulation. However, because controlled human clinical experiments are too limited to clearly identify the antiplatelet and anticoagulant properties of dietary supplements, used alone or in combination with classical antiplatelet therapy (e...
January 1, 2018: Advances in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29437895/blood-pressure-profile-1-year-after-severe-preeclampsia
#15
Laura Benschop, Johannes J Duvekot, Jorie Versmissen, Valeska van Broekhoven, Eric A P Steegers, Jeanine E Roeters van Lennep
Preeclampsia increases the long-term risk of cardiovascular disease, possibly through occurrence of hypertension after delivery, such as masked hypertension, night-time hypertension, and an adverse systolic night-to-day blood pressure (BP) ratio. These types of hypertension are often unnoticed and can only be detected with ambulatory BP monitoring (ABPM). We aimed to determine hypertension prevalence and 24-hour BP pattern with ABPM and office BP measurements in women 1 year after severe preeclampsia. This is a retrospective cohort study...
March 2018: Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29433969/shift-work-is-associated-with-reduced-heart-rate-variability-among-men-but-not-women
#16
Gerben Hulsegge, Nidhi Gupta, Karin I Proper, Natasja van Lobenstein, Wilhelmina IJzelenberg, David M Hallman, Andreas Holtermann, Allard J van der Beek
BACKGROUND: Imbalance in the autonomic nervous system due to a disrupted circadian rhythm may be a cause of shift work-related cardiovascular diseases. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the association between shift work and cardiac autonomic activity in blue-collar workers. METHODS: The study included 665 blue-collar workers aged 18-68 years in different occupations from two Danish cohort studies. Time and frequency domain parameters of heart rate variability (HRV) were measured during sleep using the Actiheart monitor, and used as markers of cardiac autonomic function...
February 9, 2018: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29431134/smoking-cessation-support-for-regular-smokers-in-hungarian-primary-care-a-nationwide-representative-cross-sectional-study
#17
Valéria Sipos, Anita Pálinkás, Nóra Kovács, Karola Orsolya Csenteri, Ferenc Vincze, József Gergő Szőllősi, Tibor Jenei, Magor Papp, Róza Ádány, János Sándor
OBJECTIVES: Our study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of general practitioners' (GPs') smoking cessation support (SCS). STUDY DESIGN: We carried out a cross-sectional study between February and April 2016. SETTING AND PARTICIPANT: A sample of 2904 regular smokers aged 18 years or older was selected randomly from 18 general medical practices involved in a national representative, general medical practice-based morbidity monitoring system...
February 3, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430840/screening-and-analysis-of-potential-active-components-in-shengxiong-glucose-injection-using-uhplc-coupled-with-photodiode-array-detection-and-ms-ms
#18
Meng Zhou, Rui Li, Xiang-Ming Liao, Zheng Wang, Guo-Bo Xu, Zi-Peng Gong, Yuan Lu, Xun He, Yong-Jun Li, Yong-Lin Wang, Lin Zheng, Shang-Gao Liao
Shengxiong glucose injection, a pharmaceutical preparation containing a water extract of the roots of Salvia miltiorrhizae and ligustrazine hydrochloride, is widely used in clinical to treat cardiovascular diseases in China. The chemical components of the water extract have been reported and the cardioprotective effects of the injection have been evaluated. However, the chemical constituents of the injection and their correlations with its pharmacological effects have not been established. In this study, thirteen chemical constituents of the injection have been identified or characterized by ultra high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection and electrospray ionization quadrupole time-of-flight tandem mass spectrometry...
February 12, 2018: Journal of Separation Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430576/prevalence-and-correlates-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-dyslipidaemia-in-a-long-stay-inpatient-schizophrenia-population-in-singapore
#19
Saleha Shafie, Siau Pheng Lee, Samantha Bee Cheng Ong, Peizhi Wang, Esmond Seow, Hui Lin Ong, Siow Ann Chong, Mythily Subramaniam
INTRODUCTION: Patients with schizophrenia have shorter life expectancy and one of the main causes of death is cardiovascular disease (CVD). Modifiable risk factors for CVD include diabetes mellitus (DM) and dyslipidaemia. This study aimed to establish: (a) the prevalence and correlates of DM and dyslipidaemia; (b) the proportion of those whose condition was well controlled; and (c) the incidence of undiagnosed DM and dyslipidaemia in a long-stay inpatient schizophrenia population. METHODS: Data was collected to assess the physical health status of 110 inpatients with schizophrenia who had been in hospital for over one year...
February 12, 2018: Singapore Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29427012/-blood-pressure-targets-the-lower-the-better-does-not-suit-all
#20
REVIEW
U Hoffmann
BACKGROUND: The systolic blood pressure intervention trial (SPRINT) published in 2015 has opened up new discussions on whether a lower blood pressure target as recommended by the current guidelines would be better for some patient groups. OBJECTIVES: To review patient groups in which lower blood pressure targets would not be better. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The results of SPRINT, its post-hoc and subgroup analyses, other studies and newer studies, as well as metaanalyses on the topic of blood pressure targets are reviewed and discussed...
February 9, 2018: Der Internist
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