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Hong Meng, Jian-Rong Li, Xin Sun
Left ventricular apical hypoplasia (LVAH) is a rare and newly characterized cardiomyopathy. No systemic and detailed case series were reported earlier. We report five patients diagnosed with left ventricular apical hypoplasia at our institute from 2004 to 2011. All the cases underwent clinical examination, eletrocardiography, chest X-ray, transthoracic echocardiography (TTE), and cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI). We described the clinical presentations, summarized the imaging characteristics of LV apical hypoplasia, and described the associated cardiac malformations...
June 2013: Acta Cardiologica
I-Jen Wang, Shyh-Jye Chen, Jou-Kou Wang, Chung-I Chang, Mei-Hwan Wu
Recent reports of endocardial fibroelastosis (EFE) have not reported the disease to be correctly diagnosed during the patients' life spans. Our purpose in this communication is to provide some feasible approaches toward correct diagnosis at the primitive stage and possible correlations to the prognosis. We analyzed five cases of EFE from 1997 to 2001. Four had pathology proven EFE. Data were sampled from the clinical symptoms, eletrocardiography, echocardiography, electron beam computed tomography (EBCT), management, and prognosis...
February 2003: International Journal of Cardiovascular Imaging
K T Lee, W T Lai, Y H Lu, C H Hwang, H W Yen, W C Voon, S H Sheu
The Kearns-Sayre (K-S) syndrome which includes the triad of progressive external ophthalmoplegia, pigment retinopathy, and disorder of cardiac conduction was first described in 1958. The mitochondria disorder is believed to be the cause of this syndrome. Involvement of the cardiac conduction system is the most importent prognostic factor in K-S syndrome. A 34-year-old male K-S syndrome patient, manifesting as ptosis and weakness of limbs since the age of 15 years, suffered from dizziness and weakness. Twelve-lead eletrocardiography (ECG) showed a 2:1 atrioventricular (AV) block with slow ventricular rate...
June 2001: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
L M Bigatello, A Coppo
Cardiovascular complications are commonly observed in surgical patients, and myocardial ischemia is the most important determinant of perioperative morbidity. The clinical criteria defining a patient population at increased risk for cardiovascular events are presented. The authors review the principles of monitoring and diagnosing myocardial ischemia, focusing on eletrocardiography and TransEsophageal Echocardiography. These patients must be closely followed long after the end of surgery, since the risk for cardiac morbidity is high for several hours postoperatively...
April 2001: Minerva Anestesiologica
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