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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793128/convolutional-neural-networks-for-seizure-prediction-using-intracranial-and-scalp-electroencephalogram
#1
Nhan Duy Truong, Anh Duy Nguyen, Levin Kuhlmann, Mohammad Reza Bonyadi, Jiawei Yang, Samuel Ippolito, Omid Kavehei
Seizure prediction has attracted growing attention as one of the most challenging predictive data analysis efforts to improve the life of patients with drug-resistant epilepsy and tonic seizures. Many outstanding studies have reported great results in providing sensible indirect (warning systems) or direct (interactive neural stimulation) control over refractory seizures, some of which achieved high performance. However, to achieve high sensitivity and a low false prediction rate, many of these studies relied on handcraft feature extraction and/or tailored feature extraction, which is performed for each patient independently...
May 7, 2018: Neural Networks: the Official Journal of the International Neural Network Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793099/carbon-monoxide-analysis-method-in-human-blood-by-airtight-gas-syringe-gas-chromatography-mass-spectrometry-ags-gc-ms-relevance-for-postmortem-poisoning-diagnosis
#2
S Oliverio, V Varlet
Carbon monoxide is one of the most abundant toxic air pollutants. Symptoms of a CO intoxication are non-specific, leading to a high number of misdiagnosed CO poisoning cases that are missing in the disease statistics. The chemical nature of the molecule makes it difficult to detect for long periods and at low levels, thus requiring a very accurate and sensitive method. Current methods capable of accurate and sensitive analyses are available, however an inconsistency between results and symptoms are frequently reported...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29793085/socio-demographic-factors-associated-with-choosing-violent-methods-of-suicide-2011-2016-ilam-province
#3
Yousef Veisani, Fathola Mohamadian, Ali Delpisheh, Salman Khazaei
BACKGROUND: In new strategies towards of suicide prevention the best approach currently is based on specific method had specific risk factors. Therefore in this study we aimed to find out the association between socio-demographic factors and methods in completed suicide, 2011-2016, Ilam province. METHODS: A cross-sectional study, 2011-2016, was conducted. A total of 540 completed suicides were recruited to the study. Data were collected by systematic registration suicide data (SRSD) and Legal Medicine Organization (LMO)...
May 21, 2018: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792995/lumbar-discectomy-is-associated-with-higher-rates-of-lumbar-fusion
#4
Hector Castillo, Ravi Chintapalli, Harout Boyajian, Sebastian A Cruz, Vince K Morgan, Lewis L Shi, Michael J Lee
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Lumbar disc herniation affects over three million people in the United States every year, and the rate of operation continually increases, particularly in patients 60 years or older.1,2 Surgical discectomy is a common treatment for lumbar disc herniation.1,3 One concern for this method is the risk of undergoing additional surgeries. 2,5,7 There are very limited population-level studies that examine the rate of lumbar fusion following lumbar discectomy. Additionally, there is no study that examines the risk of undergoing lumbar fusion in patients who have undergone lumbar discectomies compared to the risk of lumbar fusion in the general population with no previous lumbar discectomy...
May 21, 2018: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792846/adenosine-receptor-distribution-in-rhesus-monkey-ocular-tissue
#5
Krista M Beach, Li-Fang Hung, Baskar Arumugam, Earl L Smith, Lisa A Ostrin
Adenosine receptor (ADOR) antagonists, such as 7-methylxanthine (7-MX), have been shown to slow myopia progression in humans and animal models. Adenosine receptors are found throughout the body, and regulate the release of neurotransmitters such as dopamine and glutamate. However, the role of adenosine in eye growth is unclear. Evidence suggests that 7-MX increases scleral collagen fibril diameter, hence preventing axial elongation. This study used immunohistochemistry (IHC) and reverse-transcription quantitative polymerase chain reaction (RT-qPCR) to examine the distribution of the four ADORs in the normal monkey eye to help elucidate potential mechanisms of action...
May 21, 2018: Experimental Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792786/imageless-navigation-total-hip-arthroplasty-an-evaluation-of-operative-time
#6
Epaminondas Markos Valsamis, David Ricketts, Adnan Hussain, Amir-Reza Jenabzadeh
INTRODUCTION: Imageless navigation has been successfully integrated in knee arthroplasty but its effectiveness in total hip arthroplasty (THA) has been debated. It has consistently been shown that navigation adds significant time and cost to the operation. Further, the relative success of traditional hip replacements has impeded the adoption of new techniques. METHODS: We compared the operative time between fifty total hip replacements with and without the use of imageless navigation by a single senior surgeon in a retrospective study...
2018: SICOT-J
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792747/interpretation-time-using-a-concurrent-read-computer-aided-detection-system-for-automated-breast-ultrasound-in-breast-cancer-screening-of-women-with-dense-breast-tissue
#7
Yulei Jiang, Marc F Inciardi, Alexandra V Edwards, John Papaioannou
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to compare diagnostic accuracy and interpretation time of screening automated breast ultrasound (ABUS) for women with dense breast tissue without and with use of a recently U.S. Food and Drug Administration-approved computer-aided detection (CAD) system for concurrent read. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In a retrospective observer performance study, 18 radiologists interpreted a cancer-enriched set (i.e., cancer prevalence higher than in the original screening cohort) of 185 screening ABUS studies (52 with and 133 without breast cancer)...
May 24, 2018: AJR. American Journal of Roentgenology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792716/options-to-improve-the-quality-of-kidney-grafts-from-expanded-criteria-donors-experimental-study
#8
J Molacek, V Opatrný, V Treska, R Matejka, O Hes
INTRODUCTION: There is a worldwide discrepancy between the number of donors and the number of organs needed for transplantation, leading to certain expansion of criteria, resulting in acceptance of donor organs. This means that organs with worse parenchymal qualities may be harvested for transplantation. One possibility, how to ameliorate the quality of these organs, is to change the concept of their preservation during cold ischemia or even after sudden circulatory arrest, prior to the collection of the organ itself...
2018: Rozhledy V Chirurgii: Měsíčník Československé Chirurgické Společnosti
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792525/modelling-category-goodness-judgments-in-children-with-residual-sound-errors
#9
Sarah Hamilton Dugan, Noah Silbert, Tara McAllister, Jonathan L Preston, Carolyn Sotto, Suzanne E Boyce
This study investigates category goodness judgments of /r/ in adults and children with and without residual speech errors (RSEs) using natural speech stimuli. Thirty adults, 38 children with RSE (ages 7-16) and 35 age-matched typically developing (TD) children provided category goodness judgments on whole words, recorded from 27 child speakers, with /r/ in various phonetic environments. The salient acoustic property of /r/ - the lowered third formant (F3) - was normalized in two ways. A logistic mixed-effect model quantified the relationships between listeners' responses and the third formant frequency, vowel context and clinical group status...
May 24, 2018: Clinical Linguistics & Phonetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792521/problematic-video-gaming-in-a-young-spanish-population-association-with-psychosocial-health
#10
Carlos Buiza-Aguado, Araceli Alonso-Canovas, Celia Conde-Mateos, Juan Jose Buiza-Navarrete, Douglas Gentile
Problematic video gaming (PVG) is a concern for psychologists attending children and adolescents. Uniform diagnostic criteria are lacking, and risk factors are poorly understood. Internet gaming disorder (IGD) was included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5), and scales derived from its diagnostic criteria may be helpful to assess PVG. A multicenter study was conducted in secondary schools using an IGD-derived scale (dichotomous Nine-Item Internet Gaming Disorder Scale [IGD-9]), analyzing PVG-related variables...
May 24, 2018: Cyberpsychology, Behavior and Social Networking
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792451/the-science-of-teams-in-the-military-contributions-from-over-60-years-of-research
#11
Gerald F Goodwin, Nikki Blacksmith, Meredith R Coats
Teams are the foundational building blocks of the military, which uses a hierarchical structure built on and around teams to form larger units. Consequently, team effectiveness has been a substantial focus of research within the military for decades to ensure military teams have the human capabilities to complete their missions and address future challenges successfully. This research has contributed greatly to broader team theory and informed the development of evidence-based interventions. Team-focused research supported or executed by the military has yielded major insights into the nature of team performance, advanced the methods for measuring and improving team performance, and broken new ground in understanding the assembly of effective teams...
May 2018: American Psychologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792378/location-and-distribution-of-craniomaxillofacial-fractures-in-45-cats-presented-for-the-treatment-of-head-trauma
#12
Ingrid Tundo, Peter Southerden, Andrew Perry, Richard M Haydock
Objectives The aim of this retrospective study was to describe the location and distribution of craniomaxillofacial (CMF) fractures in 45 cats presented to a veterinary referral centre between 2012 and 2017. Methods Cats with a history of head trauma, one or more CMF fractures and a pretreatment CT scan of the CMF region were included in this study. For the purpose of the study, the CMF skeleton was divided into 15 functional anatomical regions and the fracture sites were allocated to one of these functional regions...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Feline Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792226/treatment-of-depression-and-or-anxiety-outcomes-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial-of-the-tree-theme-method%C3%A2-versus-regular-occupational-therapy
#13
A Birgitta Gunnarsson, Petra Wagman, Katarina Hedin, Carita Håkansson
BACKGROUND: Depression and anxiety disorders are a major concern in western countries, and because these often have a negative affect on everyday life interventions based on activities in everyday life are needed. The Tree Theme Method® (TTM) is a client-centred occupational therapy intervention designed to increase the ability to cope with, and to enhance satisfaction with, everyday life, both at home and at work. The aim of this study was to compare the short term outcomes of the TTM intervention with regular occupational therapy treatment for people with depression and/or anxiety disorders...
May 23, 2018: BMC Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792107/hand-grip-strength-normative-reference-values-and-equations-for-18-to-85-year-olds-residing-in-the-united-states
#14
Ying-Chih Wang, Richard W Bohannon, Xiaoyan Li, Bhagwant Sindhu, Jay Kapellusch
Study Design Cross-sectional study. Background The value of handgrip strength as an indicator of overall strength and as a predictor of important outcomes notwithstanding, up-to-date and population-specific reference values are needed if measurements of grip strength are to be properly interpreted. Objectives To provide US population-based grip strength reference values and equations for 18- to 85-year-olds. Methods Handgrip data from 1,232 18- to 85-year old participants were extracted from the database of the 2011 normative phase of the NIH Toolbox project...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic and Sports Physical Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792047/annals-express-phenotyping-and-relative-quantification-of-vitamin-d-binding-protein-in-a-pediatric-population-by-liquid-chromatography-tandem-mass-spectrometry
#15
Ana Isabel Cillero, Eduardo Martínez-Morillo, Laura Mantecón, Mª Agustina Alonso, Helena Gil-Peña, Fernando Santos, Francisco V Alvarez
BACKGROUND: Adequate levels of vitamin D are required to ensure bone health and minimize the incidence of multiple extraskeletal diseases. Although total 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25OHD) remains the recommended biomarker for assessing vitamin D status, it has been speculated that free 25OHD correlates better with clinical outcomes. The calculation of free 25OHD depends on the levels of vitamin D binding protein (DBP), the determination of which involves different immunoassays and has led to varying results and conclusions...
January 1, 2018: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29792041/increased-diagnostic-confidence-in-the-diagnosis-of-pituitary-micro-lesions-with-the-addition-of-three-dimensional-sampling-perfection-with-application-optimized-contrasts-using-different-flip-angle-evolutions-sequences
#16
Ying Tang, Yue Wu, Hua Zhang, Jing Wang, ZhenWei Yao
Background Conventional magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is adversely affected by thick slices, small intersection gaps, and the partial volume effect, leading to the missed diagnosis or misdiagnosis of pituitary micro-lesions. Purpose To evaluate the diagnostic yield of three-dimensional sampling perfection with application-optimized contrasts using different flip-angle evolutions (3D-T2 SPACE) sequences compared with a standard MRI protocol for the diagnosis of pituitary micro-lesions. Material and Methods The MRI findings of 664 patients with clinically suspected pituitary lesions were retrospectively analyzed...
January 1, 2018: Acta Radiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791917/hybrid-diffuse-reflectance-spectroscopy-non-erythemal-in-vivo-testing-of-sun-protection-factor
#17
Mathias Rohr, Nikolai Ernst, Andreas Schrader
BACKGROUND/AIMS: In order to define a label sun protection factor (SPF) of topically applied sunscreens, in vivo test methods like ISO 24444, FDA guideline, or the Australian standard are used worldwide. The basis of all these methods is provoking an erythemal skin reaction by UV irradiation to find the level of unprotected and protected minimal erythemal doses (MED). In vitro methods replacing the human skin by any kind of non-human material are still not available. Thus, offering the new hybrid diffuse reflectance spectroscopy (HDRS) technique that is able to stay on an in vivo level for SPF testing but meanwhile neglecting the UV-dose-related erythemal skin reaction is a perfect combination to take care of sun protection and any ethical concerns in SPF testing nowadays...
May 23, 2018: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791770/modeling-of-factors-influencing-the-effect-of-osmotic-solution-on-reduction-of-selected-microorganisms
#18
Ivana Filipović, Siniša Markov, Vladimir Filipović, Jelena Filipović, Ana Vidaković, Nebojša Novković, Vesna Rafajlovska
AIMS: The goal of this research is to model the effects of two osmotic solutions factors on reduction of selected microorganisms, and to assess the application in osmotic dehydration process of animal raw materials from the aspect of microbiological safety. METHODS AND RESULTS: Sugar beet molasses and aquatic osmotic solution were prepared and inoculated with E. coli, L. monocytogenes and Salmonella spp. Varied factors of osmotic solutions were: time, temperature and concentration of osmotic solutions...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Applied Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791672/jacobson-and-truax-method-evaluation-of-the-clinical-effectiveness-of-a-home-care-program-after-prostatectomy
#19
Luciana Regina Ferreira Pereira da Mata, Mariana Ferreira Vaz Gontijo Bernardes, Cissa Azevedo, Tânia Couto Machado Chianca, Maria da Graça Pereira, Emilia Campos de Carvalho
OBJECTIVE: to exemplify the applicability of the Jacobson and Truax Method in a nursing intervention study that analyzed the effectiveness of a home care teaching program after radical prostatectomy. METHOD: this is a descriptive study concerning the applicability of the Jacobson and Truax Method in the data analysis of a clinical trial. The intervention consisted of a teaching program for hospital discharge after radical prostatectomy through oral guidance, writing, and telephonic reinforcement...
2018: Revista Latino-americana de Enfermagem
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791619/temporal-ordering-and-reading-competence-of-words-and-pseudowords-a-preliminary-study
#20
Cintia Alves de Souza, Andrezza Gonzalez Escarce, Stela Maris Aguiar Lemos
Purpose Analyze the association of simple and complex auditory temporal ordering skills with reading competence tasks in students. Methods Pilot phase of a cross-sectional study conducted with a non-probabilistic sample of 22 schoolchildren aged eight to ten years. Instruments for evaluation of reading competence tasks and simple and complex auditory temporal ordering abilities were used. Results Most participants obtained adequate results in the tests of simple auditory temporal ordering (SATO) and reading competence (RC), but inadequate results in the test of complex auditory temporal ordering (CATO)...
2018: CoDAS
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