Read by QxMD icon Read

Lactic acid bacteria heterologous expression

S Langa, J L Arqués, M Medina, J M Landete
AIMS: The aim of this study was the coproduction in a single strain of the Gram-negative bacteriocin colicin V with other bacteriocins from lactic acid bacteria. METHODS AND RESULTS: Colicin V was expressed in Lactococcus and Enterococcus strains by replacing the colicin V leader peptide by the leader peptide and promoter of D-alanyl-D-alanine carboxypeptidase from Lactobacillus reuteri CECT925 (pNZ:LR-colV). The antimicrobial activity of colicin V against the indicator organism E...
March 6, 2017: Journal of Applied Microbiology
Zhi-Qiang Xiong, Qiao-Hui Wang, Ling-Hui Kong, Xin Song, Guang-Qiang Wang, Yong-Jun Xia, Hui Zhang, Yong Sun, Lian-Zhong Ai
Bile salt hydrolase (BSH) plays an essential role in the cholesterol-removing effect of lactic acid bacteria, which hydrolyze conjugated bile salts to amino acid and deconjugated bile salts. However, Lactobacillus casei lacks the bsh gene, which may make it highly sensitive to bile salt stress. We wanted to improve the BSH activity of L. casei for various food-industry applications (e.g., milk fermentation). Plate assay testing indicated that Lactobacillus plantarum AR113 has the highest BSH activity. We cloned and sequenced 4 bsh genes from the genome of L...
February 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
Caroline Fritsch, André Jänsch, Matthias A Ehrmann, Simone Toelstede, Rudi F Vogel
A high variety of plants that are used for food production contain esterified hydroxycinnamic acids. As their free forms display several benefits, like an enhanced absorption in human intestinal tract, anti-oxidative and anti-carcinogenic effects, an improved protein solubility and reduced discoloration, the microbial ability to cleave the ester bond is highly desired. In order to examine potential fermentation strains for this purpose, six different lactic acid bacteria and one bifidobacterial strain were screened for their ability to degrade esterified hydroxycinnamic acids because these strains are commonly used for fermentation of plant-based foods...
February 2017: Current Microbiology
Sirintra Themsakul, Namfon Suebwongsa, Baltasar Mayo, Marutpong Panya, Viraphong Lulitanond
The ability to serve as a delivery vehicle for various interesting biomolecules makes lactic acid bacteria (LAB) very useful in several applications. In the medical field, recombinant LAB expressing pathogenic antigens at different cellular locations have been used to elicit both mucosal and systemic immune responses. Expression-secretion vectors (ESVs) with a signal peptide (SP) are pivotal for protein expression and secretion. In this study, the genome sequence of Lactobacillus casei ATCC334 was explored for new SPs using bioinformatics tools...
October 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Zhi Li, Xuan Liu, Yi Li, Xiqian Lan, Polly Hangmei Leung, Jiashen Li, Gang Li, Maobin Xie, Yanxia Han, Xiaofen Lin
Antimicrobial peptides, produced by innate immune system of hosts in response to invading pathogens, are capable of fighting against a spectrum of bacteria, viruses, fungi, parasites and cancer cells. Here, a recombinant silkworm AMP Bmattacin2 from heterologous expression is studied, indicating a broad spectrum of antibacterial activity and showing selective killing ability towards skin and colon cancer cells over their normal cell counterparts. For the purpose of biomedical application, the electrospinning fabrication technique is employed to load Bmattacin2 into PLLA nanofibrous membrane...
2016: Scientific Reports
Sarah O'Flaherty, Todd R Klaenhammer
Clostridium botulinum and Bacillus anthracis produce potent toxins that cause severe disease in humans. New and improved vaccines are needed for both of these pathogens. For mucosal vaccine delivery using lactic acid bacteria, chromosomal expression of antigens is preferred over plasmid-based expression systems, as chromosomal expression circumvents plasmid instability and the need for antibiotic pressure. In this study, we constructed three strains of Lactobacillus acidophilus NCFM expressing from the chromosome (i) the nontoxic host receptor-binding domain of the heavy chain of Clostridium botulinum serotype A neurotoxin (BoNT/A-Hc), (ii) the anthrax protective antigen (PA), and (iii) both the BoNT/A-Hc and the PA...
October 15, 2016: Applied and Environmental Microbiology
Han Jiang, Ping Li, Qing Gu
Bacteriocin, which is produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB), has the potential to act as natural preservatives in the food industry. To develop strategies to overproduce such peptides, plantaricin NC8, a class IIb LAB bacteriocin that consists of two peptides, PLNC8α and PLNC8β, was successfully heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3). PLNC8α and PLNC8β peptides were expressed as His6-tag fusion proteins and were separated by Ni(2+) chelating affinity chromatography. To get the PLNC8α and PLNC8β peptides without extra amino acids in the N-terminus, the fusion proteins were cleaved by enterokinase and further purified using the Ni-NTA Sefinose™ Resin Kit...
November 2016: Protein Expression and Purification
Xiao Yan Chen, Clemens Levy, Michael G Gänzle
Exopolysaccharides from lactic acid bacteria may improve texture and shelf life of bread. The effect of exopolysaccharides on bread quality, however, depends on properties of the EPS and the EPS producing strain. This study investigated structure-function relationships of EPS in baking application. The dextransucrase DsrM and the reuteransucrase GtfA were cloned from Weissella cibaria 10M and Lactobacillus reuteri TMW1.656, respectively, and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli. Site-directed mutagenesis of GtfA was generates reuterans with different glycosidic bonds...
December 19, 2016: International Journal of Food Microbiology
Thibault Allain, Nahla M Mansour, May M A Bahr, Rebeca Martin, Isabelle Florent, Philippe Langella, Luis G Bermúdez-Humarán
Food-grade lactic acid bacteria, such as lactobacilli, represent good candidates for the development of mucosal vectors. Indeed, they are generally recognized as safe microorganisms and some strains display beneficial effects (probiotics). In this study, we described a new lactobacilli in vivo expression (LIVE) system for the production and delivery of therapeutic molecules at mucosal surfaces. The versatility and functionality of this system was successfully validated in several lactobacilli species; furthermore, we assessed in vivo LIVE system in two different mouse models of human pathologies: (i) a model of therapy against intestinal inflammation (inflammatory bowel diseases) and (ii) a model of vaccination against dental caries...
July 2016: FEMS Microbiology Letters
Suttipong Sak-Ubol, Peenida Namvijitr, Phornsiri Pechsrichuang, Dietmar Haltrich, Thu-Ha Nguyen, Geir Mathiesen, Vincent G H Eijsink, Montarop Yamabhai
BACKGROUND: Heterologous production of hydrolytic enzymes is important for green and white biotechnology since these enzymes serve as efficient biocatalysts for the conversion of a wide variety of raw materials into value-added products. Lactic acid bacteria are interesting cell factories for the expression of hydrolytic enzymes as many of them are generally recognized as safe and require only a simple cultivation process. We are studying a potentially food-grade expression system for secretion of hydrolytic enzymes into the culture medium, since this enables easy harvesting and purification, while allowing direct use of the enzymes in food applications...
May 12, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Erica Pontonio, Jennifer Mahony, Raffaella Di Cagno, Mary O'Connell Motherway, Gabriele Andrea Lugli, Amy O'Callaghan, Maria De Angelis, Marco Ventura, Marco Gobbetti, Douwe van Sinderen
BACKGROUND: Among the oligosaccharides that may positively affect the gut microbiota, xylo-oligosaccharides (XOS) and arabinoxylan oligosaccharides (AXOS) possess promising functional properties. Ingestion of XOS has been reported to contribute to anti-oxidant, anti-bacterial, immune-modulatory and anti-diabetic activities. Because of the structural complexity and chemical heterogeneity, complete degradation of xylan-containing plant polymers requires the synergistic activity of several enzymes...
May 3, 2016: Microbial Cell Factories
Namfon Suebwongsa, Viraphong Lulitanond, Baltasar Mayo, Panjamaporn Yotpanya, Marutpong Panya
There is an increasing interest to develop various lactic acid bacteria (LAB) species as mucosal delivery vehicles, for which the development of a variety of cloning and expression systems for these bacteria is of primary importance. This study reports the complete nucleotide sequence of the cryptic plasmid pRCEID7.6 derived from the chicken probiotic LAB strain Lactobacillus casei TISTR1341. Sequence analysis and comparison showed that pRCEID7.6 is composed of nine putative open reading frames. The replicon origin of pRCEID7...
2016: SpringerPlus
Patrycja A Kobierecka, Barbara Olech, Monika Książek, Katarzyna Derlatka, Iwona Adamska, Paweł M Majewski, Elżbieta K Jagusztyn-Krynicka, Agnieszka K Wyszyńska
Campylobacter jejuni is the most frequent cause of human food-borne gastroenteritis and chicken meat is the main source of infection. Recent studies showed that broiler chicken immunization against Campylobacter should be the most efficient way to lower the number of human infections by this pathogen. Induction of the mucosal immune system after oral antigen administration should provide protective immunity to chickens. In this work we tested the usefulness of Lactococcus lactis, the most extensively studied lactic acid bacterium, as a delivery vector for Campylobacter antigens...
2016: Frontiers in Microbiology
Bing-cun Ma, Xin Yang, Hong-ning Wang, Hai-peng Cao, Peng-wei Xu, Meng-die Ding, Hui Liu
To obtain adhesive and safe lactic acid bacteria (LAB) strains for expressing heterologous antigens, we screened LAB inhabitants in intestine of Tibetan chickens by analyzing their adhesion and safety properties and the selected LAB was engineered to express heterologous antigen (UTEpi C-A) based on chromosomal integration strategy. We demonstrated that a new Lactobacillu salivarius TCMM17 strain is strongly adhesive to chicken intestinal epithelial cells, contains no endogenous plasmids, is susceptible to tested antimicrobials, and shows no toxicities...
2016: Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry
Juan J Jiménez, Dzung B Diep, Juan Borrero, Loreto Gútiez, Sara Arbulu, Ingolf F Nes, Carmen Herranz, Luis M Cintas, Pablo E Hernández
BACKGROUND: Bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria (LAB) attract considerable interest as natural and nontoxic food preservatives and as therapeutics whereas the bacteriocin-producing LAB are considered potential probiotics for food, human and veterinary applications, and in the animal production field. Within LAB the lactobacilli are increasingly used as starter cultures for food preservation and as probiotics. The lactobacilli are also natural inhabitants of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract and attractive vectors for delivery of therapeutic peptides and proteins, and for production of bioactive peptides...
2015: Microbial Cell Factories
Tannaz Jalilsood, Ali Baradaran, Adelene Ai-Lian Song, Hooi Ling Foo, Shuhaimi Mustafa, Wan Zuhainis Saad, Khatijah Yusoff, Raha Abdul Rahim
BACKGROUND: Bacterial biofilms are a preferred mode of growth for many types of microorganisms in their natural environments. The ability of pathogens to integrate within a biofilm is pivotal to their survival. The possibility of biofilm formation in Lactobacillus communities is also important in various industrial and medical settings. Lactobacilli can eliminate the colonization of different pathogenic microorganisms. Alternatively, new opportunities are now arising with the rapidly expanding potential of lactic acid bacteria biofilms as bio-control agents against food-borne pathogens...
2015: Microbial Cell Factories
Gargi Pal, Sheela Srivastava
Most bacteriocins of lactic acid bacteria (LAB) are initially synthesized as pre-peptides with an N-terminal extension (leader peptides). Generally, the precursor peptides containing a double-glycine-type leader are processed by a dedicated ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporter. The ABC transporter and an accessory protein lead to the cleavage of inactive pre-peptide with the concomitant export of the mature peptide across the cytoplasmic membrane. Plantaricins E, F, J, and K belong to class IIb 2-peptide bacteriocins and are synthesized as pre-peptides containing N-terminal G-G leader peptide...
August 2015: Archives of Microbiology
Xiaowei Zhang, Shumin Hu, Xue Du, Tiejun Li, Lanlan Han, Jian Kong
BACKGROUND/PURPOSE: Carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) is an attractive target for immunotherapy because it is expressed minimally in normal tissue, but is overexpressed in a wide variety of malignant epithelial tissues. Lactic acid bacteria (LABs), widely used in food processes, are attractive candidates for oral vaccination. Thus, we examined whether LABs could be used as a live vaccine vector to deliver CEA antigen. METHODS: CEA was cloned into an Escherichia coli/Lactococcus lactis shuttle vector pSEC:LEISS under the control of a nisin promoter...
December 2016: Journal of Microbiology, Immunology, and Infection, Wei Mian Yu Gan Ran za Zhi
Amarila Malik, Maria Tyas Hapsari, Iwao Ohtsu, Shu Ishikawa, Hiroshi Takagi
Fructan-exopolysaccharides (fructan-EPS) (inulin and levan) and their oligosaccharides (fructooligosaccharides, FOS) have drawn considerable interest in the food and pharmaceutical industries. EPS-producing lactic acid bacteria have been reported to produce β-fructans (inulin and levan), as well as α-glucans, by the function of sucrase enzymes, i.e., fructansucrase and glucansucrase. A fructansucrase ftfCNC-2(1) gene from Weissella confusa strain MBFCNC-2(1) was previously cloned in Escherichia coli. In this study, we aimed to express the ftf[CNC-2(1)] gene in Bacillus subtilis to obtain the active form of the extracellular recombinant protein FTF[CNC-2(1)]...
May 2015: Journal of Bioscience and Bioengineering
Neus Ferrer-Miralles, Paolo Saccardo, José Luis Corchero, Zhikun Xu, Elena García-Fruitós
Proteins are synthesized in heterologous systems because of the impossibility to obtain satisfactory yields from natural sources. The production of soluble and functional recombinant proteins is among the main goals in the biotechnological field. In this context, it is important to point out that under stress conditions, protein folding machinery is saturated and this promotes protein misfolding and, consequently, protein aggregation. Thus, the selection of the optimal expression organism and the most appropriate growth conditions to minimize the formation of insoluble proteins should be done according to the protein characteristics and downstream requirements...
2015: Methods in Molecular Biology
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"