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Horner's syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29221280/transmanubrial-osteomuscular-sparing-approach-for-resection-of-cervico-thoracic-lesions
#1
Xufeng Pan, Chang Gu, Rui Wang, Heng Zhao, Jun Yang, Jianxin Shi
Background: To review our experience of transmanubrial osteomuscular sparing approach (TMA) for resection of various lesions involving the thoracic inlet and to prove the feasibility and safety of the approach. Methods: Retrospective review of 58 consecutive cases, from April 2007 to January 2016, with surgical resection of cervico-thoracic lesions via TMA. Results: There were 22 neurogenic tumors, 21 bronchogenic tumors, and 15 other cases in the study...
September 2017: Journal of Thoracic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29215661/-horner-s-syndrome-an-unusual-ophthalmological-presentation-of-hodgkin-lymphoma
#2
C Abascal Azanza, R Abarzuza Cortaire, P Plaza Ramos
Horner's Syndrome (HS) is a neurological syndrome characterised by the triad incomplete pupillary miosis, palpebral ptosis and facial anhidrosis, due to a lesion of the oculosympathetic pathway, formed of three neurons from the hipothalamus to the eye. Identifying its cause is a diagnostic challenge since in spite of its apparent lack of clinical importance, HS can be the first or only manifestation of a serious, or even potentially mortal disorder. We present the case of a 19-year-old male patient with a history of nonspecific ocular pains of two months evolution...
December 7, 2017: Anales del Sistema Sanitario de Navarra
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29212584/horner-syndrome-in-2-pigs-sus-scrofa-after-vascular-grafting-of-the-carotid-artery-and-jugular-vein
#3
Gabrielle C Musk, Martyn King, Bulang He
The term Horner syndrome refers to the clinical presentation of oculosympathoparesis, comprising miosis, ptosis, and facial anhydrosis. To date, there are 2 reports of postoperative Horner syndrome in pigs. In this species the cervical sympathetic chain and cranial cervical sympathetic ganglion are consistently within the carotid artery sheath. This case study describes the sudden onset of Horner syndrome in 2 pigs, from a study cohort of 8, after the placement of a vascular graft between the carotid artery and external jugular vein...
December 1, 2017: Comparative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29209025/oblique-corpectomy-in-the-cervical-spine
#4
Tomasz Tykocki, Łukasz A Poniatowski, Marcin Czyz, Guy Wynne-Jones
STUDY DESIGN: A narrative review. OBJECTIVES: A literature review of studies reporting on the application of oblique corpectomy (OC) in various pathologies of the cervical spine. SETTING: UK. METHODS: A search was carried out using the PubMed and Google Scholar up to 18 March 2017. Finally, 26 studies met the inclusion criteria. RESULTS: A multilevel OC shows good clinical outcomes in various pathologies in the cervical spine...
December 5, 2017: Spinal Cord
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29142793/a-ruptured-extra-dural-spinal-arterio-venous-malformation-presenting-as-horner-s-syndrome-the-first-case-report
#5
Sunil Munakomi
We report the first case of a young patient who presented with the features of Horner's syndrome following a spinal extradural hematoma resulting from a ruptured arterio-venous malformation (AVM). Since there were features of early compressive myelopathy as well, urgent magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan of the spine revealed features suggestive of an extradural hematoma in the cervico-thoracic junction. The patient underwent an emergent laminectomy with an evacuation of the hematoma. The histological features were consistent with that of an AVM...
September 3, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29137067/harlequin-syndrome-and-horner-syndrome-after-neck-schwannoma-excision-in-a-pediatric-patient-a-case-report
#6
Dong Hoon Lee, Jong Yuap Seong, Tae Mi Yoon, Joon Kyoo Lee, Sang Chul Lim
RATIONALE: Harlequin syndrome is an extremely rare benign condition characterized by unilateral facial flushing and sweating. PATIENT CONCERN: An 11-year-old boy presented with complaint of a right neck mass of 1-month duration. DIAGNOSIS: The preoperative diagnosis was neurogenic tumor of vagus nerve or sympathetic nerve. INTERVENTIONS: We performed right neck mass removal under general anesthesia. OUTCOMES: We report a case of harlequin syndrome associated with Horner syndrome in an 11-year boy who underwent excision of right neck schwannoma...
November 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29125113/ultrasound-guided-selective-cervical-nerve-root-block-plus-superficial-cervical-plexus-block-for-minimally-invasive-parathyroidectomy
#7
Xu Li, Min-Na Li, Xu-Lei Cui, Shu-Ai Tang, Ya Hu, Quan Liao, Yu-Guang Huang
Objective To explore the efficacy and safety of ultrasound-guided cervical root block (CRB) in patients undergoing minimally invasive parathyroidectomy (MIP).Methods We enrolled 35 patients with hyperparathyroidism undergoing MIP in Peking Union Medical College Hospital.C4-7 nerve roots were identified in ultrasound imaging by the shape of the transverse process.A 50 mm insulated needle was gently introduced by an in-plane approach toward the posterior edge of the nerve root located at the inside of the posterior tubercle...
October 30, 2017: Zhongguo Yi Xue Ke Xue Yuan Xue Bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29066632/lymphatic-malformation-with-acquired-horner-syndrome-in-an-infant
#8
Birgit Spors, Joerg Seemann, Natalie Homer, Aaron Fay
An infantpresented with right upper eyelid ptosis and was subsequently diagnosed with acquired Horner syndrome. Further evaluation revealed a right-sided cervicothoracic lymphatic malformation. At 13 weeks of age, the child underwent percutaneous intracystic sclerotherapy with a mixture of sodium tetradecyl sulphate and ethanol. Twenty-one weeks after initial treatment, ophthalmic examination showed complete resolution of the blepharoptosis and pupillary miosis. Percutaneous sclerotherapy not only effectively treated the space-occupying lymphatic malformation but also reversed the Horner syndrome that was presumably induced by neural tension (more likely) or compression...
October 23, 2017: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29058613/effect-of-interscalene-block-on-intraocular-pressure-and-ocular-perfusion-pressure
#9
Betul Basaran, Aysun Ankay Yilbas, Zeki Gultekin
BACKGROUND: Interscalene block (ISB) is commonly associated with Horner's syndrome due to spread of local anesthetic to the cervical sympathetic chain. Postganglionic neurons that originate from superior cervical ganglia form the sympathetic innervation of eye. Decrease in sympathetic tone may change intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular perfusion pressure (OPP). The aim of the study was to investigate whether ISB affects IOP and/or OPP. METHODS: Thirty patients scheduled for ambulatory shoulder surgery under regional anesthesia with a single-shot ISB (15 mL 0...
October 23, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29052695/alternating-horner-syndrome-with-vegetative-alterna-and-spastic-quadraparesis-after-bacterial-meningitis
#10
Adrian Budhram, Mary Feng, Rookaya Mather, Donald H Lee, Dwight E Moulin
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 9, 2017: JAMA Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29049072/effect-of-stellate-ganglion-block-on-the-regional-hemodynamics-of-the-upper-extremity-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#11
Min Kyoung Kim, Myung Sub Yi, Pyung Gul Park, Hyun Kang, Jae Sung Lee, Hwa Yong Shin
BACKGROUND: The success of stellate ganglion block (SGB) is traditionally determined on the basis of findings such as Horner's syndrome, temperature rise in the face, hyperemia of the tympanic membrane, and nasal congestion. However, decreases in vascular resistance and increases in blood flow in the arm may be more meaningful findings. To date, the effect of SGB on the regional hemodynamics of the arm has not been evaluated using pulsed-wave Doppler ultrasound. METHODS: A total of 52 patients who were to undergo orthopedic surgery of the forearm were randomly assigned to either the mepivacaine group (SGB with 5 mL of 0...
October 17, 2017: Anesthesia and Analgesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044022/-villaret-syndrome-and-lung-adenocarcinoma-an-unusual-association
#12
Juan José Canciani, Juliana A Ospina, Paula Acosta, Javier López, Agustín Dal Verme, Christian Peralta
Villaret syndrome is defined by the affection of the glossopharyngeal (IX), vagal (X), accessory (XI) and hypoglossal (XII) cranial nerves associated with ipsilateral Horner syndrome. It is caused by the compression of these nerves and the neighboring sympathetic plexus fibers at the base of the skull, particularly in the retroparotid space. Even though the invasion of the central nervous system in patients with advanced lung cancer is a frequent and well known occurrence, this particular symptomatic association is extremely rare...
2017: Medicina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038880/ct-guided-percutaneous-ethanol-sympatholysis-for-primary-hyperhidrosis
#13
Malcolm Brock, Constantine Frangakis, Christos S Georgiades
PURPOSE: Primary hyperhidrosis (PH) typically involves the craniofacial (CF) or axillary-palmar (AP) region. Our purpose was to determine the safety and efficacy of CT-guided sympatholysis for treating PH. METHODS: In this prospective study, 39 consecutive patients with CF or AP PH were referred for percutaneous sympatholysis. Procedures were performed under CT guidance and minimal sedation. We treated level T2 for CF hyperhidrosis and T2, T3, and T4 for AP hyperhidrosis...
October 16, 2017: Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035908/infantile-myofibroma-of-the-carotid-space-presenting-as-horner-syndrome
#14
Seyed Ali Nabavizadeh, Robert A Zimmerman, Peter Mattei, Grant T Liu
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2017: Journal of Neuro-ophthalmology: the Official Journal of the North American Neuro-Ophthalmology Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017982/clinical-presentation-diagnosis-and-surgical-treatment-of-spontaneous-cervical-intradural-disc-herniations-a-review-of-the-literature
#15
REVIEW
Arunprasad Gunasekaran, Nova Kristine M de Los Reyes, Jerry Walters, Noojan Kazemi
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cervical intradural disc herniation (IDH) is a rare occurrence with limited and disparate information available regarding its presentation, diagnosis, and treatment. However, its accurate detection is vital for planning surgical treatment. In this review of the literature, we collected data from all cervical intradural disc herniations described to date. Particular attention is paid to diagnostic findings, surgical approach and causation for cervical IDH, especially at the cervicothoracic junction...
October 7, 2017: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28994490/computed-tomographic-findings-in-205-dogs-with-clinical-signs-compatible-with-middle-ear-disease-a-retrospective-study
#16
Audrey Belmudes, Charline Pressanti, Paul Y Barthez, Eloy Castilla-Castaño, Lionel Fabries, Marie C Cadiergues
BACKGROUND: Computed tomography (CT) is considered to be the reference method to evaluate middle ear structures. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the presence and severity of CT changes in the middle ear and establish if any specific clinical presentations are associated with otitis media. ANIMALS: Medical records of animals referred for CT with history and clinical signs consistent with middle ear disease. METHODS: Retrospective evaluation of CT examinations of tympanic bullae performed over a six year period...
October 10, 2017: Veterinary Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28978248/surgical-management-of-primary-parapharyngeal-space-tumors-in-103-patients-at-a-single-institution
#17
Fenglin Sun, Yan Yan, Dongmin Wei, Wenming Li, Shengda Cao, Dayu Liu, Guojun Li, Xinliang Pan, Dapeng Lei
PURPOSE: To evaluate clinical features, diagnosis, surgical management, and treatment of parapharyngeal space tumors in a single-center setting due to limited knowledge of diagnosis and treatment of parapharyngeal space. METHODS: Clinical records of 103 patients were included for the analysis of such clinical characteristics. RESULTS: A total of 29 different types of tumors were diagnosed after operation: 20 benign and 9 malignant. With a follow-up of 31-84 months for 90 benign cases, 84 cases had no recurrence and 6 cases were lost to follow-up...
October 5, 2017: Acta Oto-laryngologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28972113/teaching-neuroimages-rare-cause-of-horner-syndrome-in-loeys-dietz-syndrome
#18
Sung-Min Cho, Rodica Di Lorenzo, Jason Mathew, Andrew B Buletko
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2017: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28926503/acquired-intermittent-pediatric-horner-syndrome-due-to-neuroblastoma
#19
Liza M Cohen, Alexandra Elliott, Suzanne K Freitag
A 3-month-old male developed intermittent left upper eyelid ptosis at the age of 1 month that was gradually increasing in frequency and duration. Examination revealed anisocoria and left upper and lower eyelid ptosis, consistent with a left Horner syndrome. Imaging showed a mass in the left superior posterior mediastinum, which was resected, and pathology was consistent with neuroblastoma. Eight months thereafter, the patient underwent left upper eyelid ptosis repair. Cases of infantile acquired Horner syndrome due to neuroblastoma are rare...
September 13, 2017: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28883716/spontaneous-cervical-artery-dissection-in-patients-aged-over-70-years-two-cases-and-systematic-literature-review
#20
Nolwenn Riou-Comte, Gioia Mione, Lisa Humbertjean, Marie-Alexia Ottenin, Jean-Christophe Lacour, Sébastien Richard
OBJECTIVE: Spontaneous cervical artery dissection (CAD) is a cerebrovascular disease typically considered to affect the young population. Literature reports cases in the elderly only as incidental findings, making the diagnosis unlikely in older patients. Incidence and pathogeny in this specific population remain to be assessed. METHODS: We reviewed patients aged over 70 years admitted for spontaneous CAD in the Stroke Unit of the University Hospital of Nancy (northeastern France) over a period of 12 years as well as all reported cases in literature...
2017: Clinical Interventions in Aging
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