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Horner's syndrome

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29668768/cardiovascular-and-respiratory-effects-of-lumbosacral-epidural-bupivacaine-in-isoflurane-anesthetized-dogs-the-effects-of-two-volumes-of-0-25-solution
#1
Raquel Sartori Gonçalves Dias, João Henrique Neves Soares, Douglas Dos Santos E Castro, Maria Alice Kuster de Albuquerque Gress, Marcela Lemos Machado, Pablo E Otero, Fabio Otero Ascoli
The purpose of this study was to compare cardiovascular and respiratory effects of two volumes of bupivacaine 0.25% (0.2 mL kg-1-treatment BUP02-and 0.4 mL kg-1 -treatment BUP04) administered epidurally at the lumbosacral intervertebral space in dogs anesthetized with isoflurane. This experimental prospective randomized crossover design trial used six mixed breed adult dogs, four neutered males and two spayed females. Each dog was anesthetized on three different occasions: the first for isoflurane minimum alveolar concentration (MAC) measurement, and the following two assigned treatments (BUP02 or BUP04)...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29666155/sil1-the-er-hsp70-co-chaperone-plays-a-critical-role-in-maintaining-skeletal-muscle-proteostasis-and-physiology
#2
Viraj P Ichhaporia, Jieun Kim, Kanisha Kavdia, Peter Vogel, Linda Horner, Sharon Frase, Linda M Hendershot
Mutations in SIL1 , a co-factor for the endoplasmic reticular (ER) chaperone BiP, cause Marinesco-Sjögren syndrome (MSS), an autosomal recessive disorder. Using a mouse model, we characterized molecular aspects of the progressive myopathy associated with MSS. Proteomic-profiling of quadriceps at the onset of myopathy revealed that SIL1 deficiency affected multiple pathways critical to muscle physiology. We observed an increase in ER chaperones prior to the onset of muscle weakness, which was complemented by up-regulation of multiple components of cellular protein degradation pathways...
April 9, 2018: Disease Models & Mechanisms
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29657082/horner-s-syndrome-following-obstetric-neuraxial-blockade-a-systematic-review-of-the-literature
#3
D J Chambers, K Bhatia
Horner's syndrome is a rarely reported complication of neuraxial blockade. In obstetric practice, the neurological signs of Horner's syndrome may cause anxiety amongst patients and healthcare staff, but more importantly may herald the onset of maternal hypotension. Medline, CINAHL, and EMBASE databases were searched to identify cases of Horner's syndrome following obstetric neuraxial blockade. Anaesthetic technique, clinical features, anaesthetic management of the Horner's syndrome and time to resolution were assessed...
March 17, 2018: International Journal of Obstetric Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29581325/dilation-lag-in-horner-syndrome-can-be-measured-with-a-diagnostic-imaging-system
#4
Francesco Pellegrini, Gianluca Capello, Romeo Napoleone
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
March 27, 2018: Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29561407/primary-cervical-ganglioneuroblastoma-a-case-report
#5
Dan Lu, Jun Liu, Yuan Chen, Fei Chen, Hui Yang
RATIONALE: Ganglioneuroblastoma is usually located in the adrenal gland, retroperitoneal ganglia, or posterior mediastinum, but rarely occurs in the parapharyngeal space. PATIENT CONCERNS: A 4-year-old girl presented with complaint of progressive inspiratory dyspnea and dysphagia, accompanying left-side Horner's syndrome. DIAGNOSE: Computed tomography (CT) scan revealed a giant mass with irregular low density in left oropharyngeal and posterior pharyngeal wall...
March 2018: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525260/sympathetic-ganglionectomy-for-facial-blushing-using-application-of-laser-speckle-flow-graph
#6
Hidehiro Yamamoto, Masayoshi Okada
OBJECTIVE: Endoscopic thoracic sympathectomy at the second rib level is considered effective as a therapeutic treatment for facial blushing. However, 10% to 15% of patients do not benefit from this intervention. No additional procedure has been developed for this disorder. Recently, ganglionectomy using application of laser speckle flow graph has been evaluated for the treatment of compensatory sweating. We report our results of ganglionectomy for facial blushing as a redo surgery. METHODS: Between August 2012 and April 2017, 8 patients with facial blushing who underwent an initial sympathectomy reported symptom recurrence...
February 13, 2018: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29525134/thoracoscopic-sympathectomy-for-long-qt-syndrome-literature-review-and-case-study
#7
Timothy L Surman, Robert G Stuklis, Justin C Chan
BACKGROUND: Multiple case studies have suggested that video-assisted thoracoscopic sympathectomy (VATS) reduces the occurrence and frequency of symptoms in long QT syndrome (LQTS) [1,2,3]. To date there has not been a literature review to report on the short-term and long-term outcomes of this procedure. Our primary aims are to review the literature findings on the clinical outcomes of VATS sympathectomy for long QT and present a local centre case report on the outcomes of T2-T5 sympathectomy...
February 13, 2018: Heart, Lung & Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29512373/good-s-syndrome-association-of-the-late-onset-combined-immunodeficiency-with-thymoma-review-of-literature-and-case-report
#8
Marzieh Tavakol, Seyed Alireza Mahdaviani, Mir Reza Ghaemi, Mohammad Vaezi, Atosa Dorudinia, Hamidreza Jamaati, Ali Akbar Velayati
Good's syndrome, the adult onset hypogammaglobulinemia associated with thymoma has been explained about six decades ago. It generally presents with recurrent infections and several paraneoplastic syndromes including myasthenia gravis, pure red cell aplasia, connective tissue disorders, superior vena cava, Horner's syndrome, lichen planus and inflammatory bowel disease. Lack of B cell, dysfunction of T cell, CD4+ T cell lymphopenia, reversed CD4/CD8+ T cell ratio, autoantibodies against Th17 related cytokines have been respected as the pathogenesis of the immune dysregulation this syndrome...
February 2018: Iranian Journal of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29496373/major-publications-in-the-critical-care-pharmacotherapy-literature-january-december-2017
#9
REVIEW
Drayton A Hammond, Laura Baumgartner, Craig Cooper, Elisabeth Donahey, Serena A Harris, Jessica M Mercer, Mandy Morris, Mona K Patel, Angela M Plewa-Rusiecki, Alia A Poore, Ryan Szaniawski, Deanna Horner
PURPOSE: To summarize selected meta-analyses and trials related to critical care pharmacotherapy published in 2017. The Critical Care Pharmacotherapy Literature Update (CCPLU) Group screened 32 journals monthly for impactful articles and reviewed 115 during 2017. Two meta-analyses and eight original research trials were reviewed here from those included in the monthly CCPLU. Meta-analyses on early, goal-directed therapy for septic shock and statin therapy for acute respiratory distress syndrome were summarized...
February 26, 2018: Journal of Critical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29490510/high-thoracic-ossification-of-ligamentum-flavum-causing-partial-horner-syndrome
#10
Dong Ha Kim, Su Hun Lee, Jun Seok Lee, Geun Sung Song, Dong Wuk Son
We report a case of high thoracic ossification of the ligamentum flavum (OLF) causing a partial Horner's syndrome. A 57-year-old man developed a walking disorder, as well as right-sided miosis and anhidrosis. Magnetic resonance imaging demonstrated a spinal cord compressing T2-T3 OLF. The patient improved after surgery.
February 28, 2018: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29483806/evaluation-of-two-non-myasthenic-patients-with-ptosis
#11
Serkan Kırık, Olcay Güngör, Sedat Işıkay, Can Acıpayam, Yasemin Çoban, Emre Çelik
Decreased height of the eyelid or the narrowing of the lid is called ptosis. Ptosis has several causes. Malignancy-related conditions such as Horner's syndrome, which causes unilateral ptosis in the pediatric age group, and patients with malignancy receiving chemotherapeutic treatment, are often secondary to these drugs and ptosis is a clue of underlying diseases. Underlying pathologies can lead to different clinical conditions such as cognitive impairment from coma, the presence of ptosis should be cautionary...
December 2017: Türk Pediatri Arşivi
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29456899/facial-weakness-diplopia-and-fever-in-a-31-year-old-an-atypical-case-of-tuberculous-meningitis
#12
Ahmed H Qavi, Tasnim F Imran, Zachariah Hasan, Fariha Ilyas
Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) is an infection of the central nervous system (CNS) meninges that carries high morbidity and mortality. It is important to recognize, as patients may present with atypical symptoms. We describe the case of a 31-year-old man with a history of diabetes who presented with a sub-acute onset of right-sided facial weakness and right gaze difficulty with diplopia. History revealed low-grade fever, right-sided headache, fatigue and moderate weight loss for the past several weeks. The patient did not report neck stiffness, rigidity, fever, chills or cough...
December 7, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29445946/paravertebral-tumours-of-the-cervicothoracic-junction-extending-into-the-mediastinum-surgical-strategies-in-a-no-man-s-land
#13
Georgios K Prezerakos, Parag Sayal, Antonios Kourliouros, Periclis Pericleous, George Ladas, Adrian Casey
PURPOSE: Cervicothoracic paravertebral neoplasms extending into the mediastinum pose a surgical challenge due the complex regional anatomy, their biological nature, rarity and surgeon's unfamiliarity with the region. We aim to define a surgical access framework addressing the aforementioned complexities whilst achieving oncological clearance. METHODS: We carried out a retrospective review of 28 consecutive patients operated in two tertiary referral centres between 1998 and 2015...
February 14, 2018: European Spine Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29430868/a-novel-homozygous-ap4b1-mutation-in-two-brothers-with-ap-4-deficiency-syndrome-and-ocular-anomalies
#14
Andrea Accogli, Fadi F Hamdan, Chantal Poulin, Christina Nassif, Guy A Rouleau, Jacques L Michaud, Myriam Srour
Adaptor protein complex-4 (AP-4) is a heterotetrameric protein complex which plays a key role in vesicle trafficking in neurons. Mutations in genes affecting different subunits of AP-4, including AP4B1, AP4E1, AP4S1, and AP4M1, have been recently associated with an autosomal recessive phenotype, consisting of spastic tetraplegia, and intellectual disability (ID). The overlapping clinical picture among individuals carrying mutations in any of these genes has prompted the terms "AP-4 deficiency syndrome" for this clinically recognizable phenotype...
February 12, 2018: American Journal of Medical Genetics. Part A
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29416250/a-study-of-the-efficacy-of-stellate-ganglion-blocks-in-complex-regional-pain-syndromes-of-the-upper-body
#15
Rashmi Datta, Jyotsna Agrawal, Amit Sharma, Vikram Singh Rathore, Shivesh Datta
Background and Aims: The effect of stellate ganglion blocks (SGBs) was examined in complex regional pain syndromes (CRPS) of the upper body. Material and Methods: A total of 287 SGB were given to patients with documented CRPS on medications. Spontaneous and provoked pain assessment was done with numeric pain rating scale (NPRS). The Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder and Hand (DASH) questionnaire and range of motion (ROM) was recorded before and after each blockade...
October 2017: Journal of Anaesthesiology, Clinical Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29409594/-horner-s-syndrome-and-paresthesia-in-the-trigeminal-nerve-territory-secondary-to-epidural-analgesia-for-labor
#16
Céline Ferreira, Ana Luísa Macedo, Valentina Almeida
Currently, epidural analgesia is a common procedure for labor analgesia. Although it is considered a safe technique, it is not without complications. Horner's syndrome and paresthesia within the trigeminal nerve distribution are rare complications of epidural analgesia. We report a case of a pregnant woman who developed Horner's syndrome and paresthesia within the distribution of the trigeminal nerve following epidural analgesia for the relief of labor pain.
February 3, 2018: Revista Brasileira de Anestesiologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29396720/cervicothoracic-epidural-hematoma-in-a-toddler-with-miosis-ptosis-nonspecific-symptoms-and-no-history-of-major-trauma-case-report
#17
Brandon K Root, Derrek A Schartz, Dan R Calnan, William F Hickey, David F Bauer
INTRODUCTION: Spinal epidural hematomas are uncommon in children. The diagnosis can be elusive as most cases present without a history of trauma, while symptoms can be atypical. CASE REPORT: We encountered a 35-month-old male presenting with nonspecific symptoms and no history of trauma. He later developed unilateral miosis and ptosis; MRI discovered a subacute cervicothoracic epidural which was promptly evacuated. The patient made an excellent recovery. COCLUSIONS: We emphasize the frequent absence of identifiable trauma and the importance of thorough imaging when this entity is suspected...
February 2, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29384560/horner-syndrome-after-epidural-catheter-placement-in-a-4-month-old-child
#18
Andrea Avila, John Liu, Maryo C Kohen
Although there are reports of iatrogenic Horner syndrome in the adult population, pediatric cases are rare. The current report presents a case of acquired Horner syndrome that occurred after an epidural catheter was placed for pain control. Horner syndrome completely resolved after removing the catheter and no imaging or further work-up was necessary. [J Pediatr Ophthalmol Strabismus. 2018;55:e1-e3.].
January 31, 2018: Journal of Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29383548/an-unusual-cause-of-horner-syndrome
#19
Shilpa S Larkin, Adam J Gray
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
January 30, 2018: Journal of General Internal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29374642/hemiparesis-in-spontaneous-spinal-epidural-haematoma-a-potential-stroke-imitator
#20
Ravish Patel, Aravind Kumar, Kazuya Nishizawa, Naresh Kumar
Spontaneous spinal epidural haematoma (SSEH) is a rare condition that requires urgent surgical intervention in order to prevent permanent neurological deficit. SSEH commonly presents as a paraparesis or tetraparesis. SSEH presenting as a hemiparesis is less common and in such situations, it can be mistaken for a cerebrovascular accident (CVA). Thrombolytic or anticoagulant treatment for CVA can potentially worsen the neurological deficit. We report one such case of SSEH misdiagnosed as a CVA. Treatment with tissue plasminogen activator led to worsening of his condition...
January 26, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
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