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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28811647/biogenesis-of-pro-senescent-microparticles-by-endothelial-colony-forming-cells-from-premature-neonates-is-driven-by-sirt1-dependent-epigenetic-regulation-of-mkk6
#1
Stéphanie Simoncini, Anne-Line Chateau, Stéphane Robert, Dilyana Todorova, Catherine Yzydorzick, Romaric Lacroix, Isabelle Ligi, Laurence Louis, Richard Bachelier, Umberto Simeoni, Frédérique Magdinier, Françoise Dignat-George, Florence Sabatier
Senescent cells may exert detrimental effect on microenvironment through the secretion of soluble factors and the release of extracellular vesicles, such as microparticles, key actors in ageing and cardiovascular diseases. We previously reported that sirtuin-1 (SIRT1) deficiency drives accelerated senescence and dysfunction of endothelial colony-forming cells (ECFC) in PT neonates. Because preterm birth (PT) increases the risk for cardiovascular diseases during neonatal period as well as at adulthood, we hypothesized that SIRT1 deficiency could control the biogenesis of microparticles as part of a senescence-associated secretory phenotype (SASP) of PT-ECFC and investigated the related molecular mechanisms...
August 15, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28733457/role-of-bone-morphogenetic-proteins-in-sprouting-angiogenesis-differential-bmp-receptor-dependent-signaling-pathways-balance-stalk-vs-tip-cell-competence
#2
Andreas Benn, Christian Hiepen, Marc Osterland, Christof Schütte, An Zwijsen, Petra Knaus
Before the onset of sprouting angiogenesis, the endothelium is prepatterned for the positioning of tip and stalk cells. Both cell identities are not static, as endothelial cells (ECs) constantly compete for the tip cell position in a dynamic fashion. Here, we show that both bone morphogenetic protein (BMP) 2 and BMP6 are proangiogenic in vitro and ex vivo and that the BMP type I receptors, activin receptor-like kinase (ALK)3 and ALK2, play crucial and distinct roles in this process. BMP2 activates the expression of tip cell-associated genes, such as DLL4 (delta-like ligand 4) and KDR (kinase insert domain receptor), and p38-heat shock protein 27 (HSP27)-dependent cell migration, thereby generating tip cell competence...
July 21, 2017: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730074/protection-of-retinal-ganglion-cells-against-optic-nerve-injury-by-induction-of-ischemic-preconditioning
#3
Xia Liu, Jiu-Ping Liang, Ou Sha, Song-Juan Wang, Heng-Guo Li, Eric Y P Cho
AIM: To explore if ischemic preconditioning (IPC) can enhance the survival of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) after optic nerve axotomy. METHODS: Twenty-four hours prior to retinal ischemia 60min or axotomy, IPC was applied for ten minutes in groups of (n=72) animals. The survival of RGCs, the cellular expression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) and heat shock protein 70 (HSP70) and the numbers of retinal microglia in the different groups were quantified at 7 and 14d post-injury...
2017: International Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720827/small-chaperons-and-autophagy-protected-neurons-from-necrotic-cell-death
#4
Ye Lei, Kai Liu, Lin Hou, Lianggong Ding, Yuhong Li, Lei Liu
Neuronal necrosis occurs during early phase of ischemic insult. However, our knowledge of neuronal necrosis is still inadequate. To study the mechanism of neuronal necrosis, we previously established a Drosophila genetic model of neuronal necrosis by calcium overloading through expression of a constitutively opened cation channel mutant. Here, we performed further genetic screens and identified a suppressor of neuronal necrosis, CG17259, which encodes a seryl-tRNA synthetase. We found that loss-of-function (LOF) CG17259 activated eIF2α phosphorylation and subsequent up-regulation of chaperons (Hsp26 and Hsp27) and autophagy...
July 18, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719045/mical2-promotes-breast-cancer-cell-migration-by-maintaining-egfr-stability-and-egfr-p38-signaling-activation
#5
Yueyuan Wang, Wenjie Deng, Yujie Zhang, Shixiu Sun, Shuo Zhao, Yan Chen, Xuyang Zhao, Lei Liu, Jun Du
AIM: MICAL2, a cytoskeleton dynamics regulator, is identified associated with survival and metastasis of several types of cancers recently. The present study was designed to investigate the role of MICAL2 in breast cancer cell migration as well as its underlying mechanisms. METHODS: The relationship between MICAL2 and EGF/EGFR signaling was analyzed by using gene overexpression and knockdown techniques. Cell migration was measured by wound healing assays. Activation of EGF/EGFR singaling pathways were evaluated by immunofluorescence, qPCR, Western blotting and zymography techniques...
July 18, 2017: Acta Physiologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712031/human-skeletal-muscle-type-1-fibre-distribution-and-response-of-stress-sensing-proteins-along-the-titin-molecule-after-submaximal-exhaustive-exercise
#6
Satu O A Koskinen, Heikki Kyröläinen, Riina Flink, Harri P Selänne, Sheila S Gagnon, Juha P Ahtiainen, Bradley C Nindl, Maarit Lehti
Early responses of stress-sensing proteins, muscle LIM protein (MLP), ankyrin repeat proteins (Ankrd1/CARP and Ankrd2/Arpp) and muscle-specific RING finger proteins (MuRF1 and MuRF2), along the titin molecule were investigated in the present experiment after submaximal exhaustive exercise. Ten healthy men performed continuous drop jumping unilaterally on a sledge apparatus with a submaximal height until complete exhaustion. Five stress-sensing proteins were analysed by mRNA measurements from biopsies obtained immediately and 3 h after the exercise from exercised vastus lateralis muscle while control biopsies were obtained from non-exercised legs before the exercise...
July 15, 2017: Histochemistry and Cell Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28701588/igfbp2-plays-an-important-role-in-heat-shock-protein-27-mediated-cancer-progression-and-metastasis
#7
Chin-Sheng Hung, Chien-Yu Huang, Chia-Hwa Lee, Wei-Yu Chen, Ming-Te Huang, Po-Li Wei, Yu-Jia Chang
Heat shock protein 27 (Hsp27) is a key chaperone that interacts with over 200 client proteins. The expression of Hsp27 might be correlated with poor outcome in many types of cancer. Previous study indicated that Hsp27 might be an important biomarker in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, the detailed mechanism is less well understood. The shRNA-mediated silencing of Hsp27 decreased the proliferation, migration and invasion of HCC cells. In a xenograft model, the silencing of Hsp27 reduced tumor progression...
July 5, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28694302/up-regulation-of-ankdr49-a-poor-prognostic-factor-regulates-cell-proliferation-of-gliomas
#8
Chunyan Hao, Hubin Duan, Hao Li, Mingyang Pei, Yueting Liu, Yimin Fan, Ce Zhang
The Ankyrin repeat domain 49 (ANKRD49) is an evolutionarily conserved protein, which is related to mediate protein-protein interaction. However, the function of ANKRD49 in human glioma remains elusive. Through mining The Cancer Genome Atlas (TCGA) database, we found that the expression of ANKRD49 was increased in glioma tissues and that high expression of ANKRD49 was strongly associated with high disease grade and poor overall survival. To investigate the role of ANKRD49 in malignant glioma, lentivirus expressing shRNA targeting ANKRD49 was constructed in U251 and U87 malignant glioma cells...
July 10, 2017: Bioscience Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28687176/the-impact-of-a-single-bout-of-high-intensity-circuit-training-on-myokines-concentrations-and-cognitive-functions-in-women-of-different-age
#9
A Gmiat, K Micielska, M Kozłowska, D J Flis, M Smaruj, S Kujach, J Jaworska, P Lipińska, E Ziemann
The study aimed to assess effect of a single bout of high-intensity circuit training (HICT) on myokines concentration: interleukin-6 and irisin, inteleukin-10, brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF), heat shock proteins (HSP27, HSP70) and cognitive functions among women participated in HICT. It also attempted evaluating whether vitamin D could have modified the effect of HICT. Fourteen healthy, non-active women participating in the experiment were assigned to a young or middle-aged group. They performed a single session HICT using body weight as a resistance, based on the ACSM recommendations...
July 5, 2017: Physiology & Behavior
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28676984/the-regulation-of-heat-shock-proteins-in-response-to-dehydration-in-xenopus-laevis
#10
Bryan E Luu, Sanoji Wijenayake, Amal I Malik, Kenneth B Storey
African clawed frogs (Xenopus laevis) endure bouts of severe drought in their natural habitats and survive the loss of approximately 30% of total body water due to dehydration. To investigate molecular mechanisms employed by X. laevis during periods of dehydration, the heat shock protein response, a vital component of the cytoprotective stress response, was characterized. Using western immunoblotting and multiplex technology, the protein levels of HSP27, HSP40, HSP60, HSP70, HSC70, and HSP90 were quantified in the liver, skeletal muscle, kidney, lung, and testes from control frogs and those that underwent medium or high dehydration (~16 or ~30% loss of total body water)...
July 5, 2017: Cell Stress & Chaperones
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28673495/proteomic-profiling-and-differential-messenger-rna-expression-correlate-hsp27-and-serpin-family-b-member-1-to-apical-periodontitis-outcomes
#11
Franco Cavalla, Claudia Biguetti, Sameer Jain, Cleverick Johnson, Ariadne Letra, Gustavo Pompermaier Garlet, Renato Menezes Silva
INTRODUCTION: Understanding protein expression profiles of apical periodontitis may contribute to the discovery of novel diagnostic or therapeutic molecular targets. METHODS: Periapical tissue samples (n = 5) of patients with lesions characterized as nonhealing were submitted for proteomic analysis. Two differentially expressed proteins (heat shock protein 27 [HSP27] and serpin family B member 1 [SERPINB1]) were selected for characterization, localization by immunofluorescence, and association with known biomarkers of acute inflammatory response in human apical periodontitis (n = 110) and healthy periodontal ligaments (n = 26)...
June 30, 2017: Journal of Endodontics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28672688/fluoride-exposure-changed-the-structure-and-the-expressions-of-hsp-related-genes-in-testes-of-pubertal-rats
#12
Yangfei Zhao, Jun Zhao, Jinming Wang, Jundong Wang
Previous studies have indicated that fluoride exposure damaged the male reproductive function; however, the cellular mechanism of fluoride-induced testicular toxicity is still unclear. In this study, twenty-two female pregnant Wistar rats were allotted randomly to two groups: control (deionized water) and sodium fluoride (NaF, contain F(-): 67.86 mg/L) groups. After delivery, the dosage was continued for 15 weeks for puppies. Twelve rats in each group were tested at 6 and 9 (pubertal); 12 and 15 (mature) weeks of age...
October 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28671960/stress-fibers-autophagy-and-necrosis-by-persistent-exposure-to-pm2-5-from-biomass-combustion
#13
Regina Dornhof, Christoph Maschowski, Anastasiya Osipova, Reto Gieré, Maximilian Seidl, Irmgard Merfort, Matjaz Humar
Fine particulate matter (PM2.5) can adversely affect human health. Emissions from residential energy sources have the largest impact on premature mortality globally, but their pathological and molecular implications on cellular physiology are still elusive. In the present study potential molecular consequences were investigated during long-term exposure of human bronchial epithelial BEAS-2B cells to PM2.5, collected from a biomass power plant. Initially, we observed that PM2.5 did not affect cellular survival or proliferation...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28665748/sumoylation-of-hsp27-by-small-ubiquitin-like-modifier-2-3-promotes-proliferation-and-invasion-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-cells
#14
Haize Ge, Juan Du, Jingman Xu, Xiangliang Meng, Jinchuan Tian, Jie Yang, Huimin Liang
Primary hepatocellular carcinoma (PHC) is a major health problem worldwide and is one of the ten most commonly diagnosed cancers in China. Heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) were found to be overexpressed in a wide range of malignancies including PHC, however, post-translational modification of HSP27 still needs exploration in PHC. Recently, SUMOylation, an important post-translational modification associating with the development of many kinds of cancers has been intensively studied. In the current study, mRNA and protein level of HSP27 in archived tumor samples representing various pathological characteristics of PHC were examined, and modification of HSP27 by SUMO2/3 was investigated...
June 30, 2017: Cancer Biology & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28664742/delivery-of-hiv-1-nef-linked-to-heat-shock-protein-27-using-a-cationic-polymer-is-more-effective-than-cationic-lipid-in-mammalian-cells
#15
A Milani, A Bolhassani, M Heshmati
BACKGROUND: Different adjuvants and delivery systems have been used to enhance the potency of DNA vaccines against viral diseases. Among them, heat shock proteins (HSPs) are stress proteins that have multiple roles such as chaperon activity and anti-apoptotic and adjuvant properties. The goal of this study was to compare the expression of HIV-1 Nef, Hsp27 and Hsp27-Nef genes transfected in HEK-293T mammalian cells by TurboFect and Lipofectamine as a cationic polymer and lipid, respectively...
2017: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662100/mir-146a-mir-146b-and-mir-155-increase-expression-of-il-6-and-il-8-and-support-hsp10-in-an-in-vitro-sepsis-model
#16
Dagmar Pfeiffer, Eva Roßmanith, Ingrid Lang, Dieter Falkenhagen
microRNAs (miRNAs) play an essential role in inflammation processes including sepsis. This study aimed to identify miRNAs as candidates for therapies that are involved in the innate immune response and to assess their potential functions in the activation of the endothelium. We stimulated THP-1 monocytes with 10 ng/ml LPS for 4 h and used the supernatant for the stimulation of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVEC) or human pulmonary microvascular endothelial cells (HPMEC) for 16 h. miRNA array analysis (of 1,891 miRNAs) identified a 1...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656305/cetuximab-promotes-sn38-sensitivity-via-suppression-of-heat-shock-protein-27-in-colorectal-cancer-cells-with-wild-type-ras
#17
Takashi Ishida, Yoshiyuki Ishii, Masashi Tsuruta, Koji Okabayashi, Shingo Akimoto, Kaoru Koishikawa, Hirotoshi Hasegawa, Yuko Kitagawa
Combination treatment with cetuximab and CPT-11 produces beneficial and synergistic effects in wild-type RAS metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) patients. However, the mechanism underlying this synergism is not yet understood. We examined whether cetuximab had a synergistic effect with CPT-11 and its active metabolite, SN38, and examined the molecular mechanism of the synergism between cetuximab and SN38 in CRC cells with various mutational status. We hypothesized that cetuximab promotes sensitivity to SN38 via suppression of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27), a protein involved in multidrug resistance through blocking the Janus kinase (JAK)/signal transducer and activator of transcription (STAT) signaling pathway, which is associated with chemosensitivity...
June 21, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28656293/anti-proliferation-and-anti-metastasis-effect-of-barbaloin-in-non-small-cell-lung-cancer-via-inactivating-p38mapk-cdc25b-hsp27-pathway
#18
Zhang Zhang, Wei Rui, Zi-Chen Wang, Da-Xin Liu, Lin Du
Non-small cell lung carcinoma (NSCLC) is the most common lung cancer with high morbidity and mortality. The traditional treatment for NSCLC is particularly liable to relapse with many side-effects. Barbaloin is a natural compound with anticancer efficacy. The present study aimed to investigate the anticancer potential of barbaloin in NSCLC. The results displayed that barbaloin inhibited the viability of A549 cells by decreasing cell growth and the expression level of Ki-67 and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA), especially at high concentrations (50 and 100 µM)...
June 27, 2017: Oncology Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634469/alexander-disease-mutations-produce-cells-with-coexpression-of-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-and-ng2-in-neurosphere-cultures-and-inhibit-differentiation-into-mature-oligodendrocytes
#19
Ulises Gómez-Pinedo, Maria Salomé Sirerol-Piquer, María Durán-Moreno, José Manuel García-Verdugo, Jorge Matias-Guiu
BACKGROUND: Alexander disease (AxD) is a rare disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP). The disease is characterized by presence of GFAP aggregates in the cytoplasm of astrocytes and loss of myelin. OBJECTIVES: Determine the effect of AxD-related mutations on adult neurogenesis. METHODS: We transfected different types of mutant GFAP into neurospheres using the nucleofection technique. RESULTS: We find that mutations may cause coexpression of GFAP and NG2 in neurosphere cultures, which would inhibit the differentiation of precursors into oligodendrocytes and thus explain the myelin loss occurring in the disease...
2017: Frontiers in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632846/suppression-of-hsp27-restores-retinal-function-and-protects-photoreceptors-from-apoptosis-in-a-light-induced-retinal-degeneration-animal-model
#20
Chih-Cheng Chien, Chi-Jung Huang, Lu-Tai Tien, Yu-Che Cheng, Chia-Ying Ke, Yih-Jing Lee
Purpose: We used a light-induced retinal degeneration animal model to investigate possible roles of heat shock protein 27 (HSP27) in retinal/photoreceptor protection. Methods: Sprague-Dawley rats were used for the light-induced retinal degeneration animal model. The histology of eye sections was observed for morphologic changes in the retina. Cell apoptosis was examined in each group using the terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick-end labeling assay, and electroretinography was used to evaluate retinal function...
June 1, 2017: Investigative Ophthalmology & Visual Science
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