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diabetic coronary disease

S Pscherer, A Nüssler, C Bahrs, M Reumann, C Ihle, U Stöckle, S Ehnert, T Freude, B G Ochs, I Flesch, P Ziegler
Background: The increasing incidence of diabetes mellitus is also reflected in the patient population of a trauma and orthopaedic centre. Diabetics also exhibit more comorbidities than non-diabetics. In addition to surgical problems in these patients, hospitalisation is often accompanied by complications, which can prolong treatment and increase costs. The aim of this retrospective study is to analyse hospitalisation of diabetics compared to non-diabetics, as well as differences in treatment costs, depending on associated age and comorbidities...
October 21, 2016: Zeitschrift Für Orthopädie und Unfallchirurgie
Alessandro Mantovani, Lucia Mingolla, Riccardo Rigolon, Isabella Pichiri, Valentina Cavalieri, Giacomo Zoppini, Giuseppe Lippi, Enzo Bonora, Giovanni Targher
BACKGROUND: Recent studies suggested that nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is associated with an increased prevalence of cardiovascular disease (CVD) in type 1 diabetes. We assessed whether NAFLD also predicts the risk of incident CVD events in type 1 diabetic adults. METHODS: We studied a retrospective cohort of 286 type 1 diabetic outpatients (mean age 43±14years; median duration of diabetes 17 [10-30] years) without secondary causes of chronic liver diseases, who were followed for a mean period of 5...
October 17, 2016: International Journal of Cardiology
Wesley T O'Neal, Kristine E Lee, Elsayed Z Soliman, Ronald Klein, Barbara E K Klein
PURPOSE: To determine the incidence and determinants of developing abnormalities on the 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) in persons with type 1 diabetes. METHODS: We evaluated the distribution of ECG abnormalities and risk factors for developing new abnormalities in 266 (mean age = 44 years ± 9.0; 50 % female) people with type 1 diabetes from the Wisconsin Epidemiologic Study of Diabetic Retinopathy. This analysis included participants with complete ECG data from study visit 5 (2000-2001) and follow-up ECGs from study visit 7 (2012-2014)...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Endocrinological Investigation
Joseph M Blankush, Robbie Freeman, Joy McIlvaine, Trung Tran, Stephen Nassani, I Michael Leitman
Modified Early Warning Scores (MEWS) provide real-time vital sign (VS) trending and reduce ICU admissions in post-operative patients. These early warning calculations classically incorporate oxygen saturation, heart rate, respiratory rate, systolic blood pressure, and temperature but have not previously included end-tidal CO2 (EtCO2), more recently identified as an independent predictor of critical illness. These systems may be subject to failure when physiologic data is incorrectly measured, leading to false alarms and increased workload...
October 20, 2016: Journal of Clinical Monitoring and Computing
Rajeev Bhardwaj
PURPOSE OF STUDY: Left bundle branch (LBBB) is common ECG finding. Common causes of LBBB are coronary artery disease (CAD), hypertension and dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM). Purpose of the study was to find out the etiology and left ventricular function in patients coming to a territory care hospital. MATERIAL AND METHODS: All consecutive patients coming to our hospital as indoor or outdoor patients with ECG suggestive of LBBB were studied. The detail history and examination was done...
September 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Daniel J Friedman, Haikun Bao, Erica S Spatz, Jeptha P Curtis, James P Daubert, Sana M Al-Khatib
BACKGROUND: -A prolonged PR interval is common among cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) candidates; however, the association between PR interval and outcomes is unclear, and data are conflicting. METHODS: -We conducted inverse probability weighted (IPW) analyses of 26,451 CRT eligible (EF≤35, QRS≥120ms) patients from the National Cardiovascular Data Registry ICD Registry to assess the association between a prolonged PR interval (≥230ms), receipt of CRT with defibrillator (CRT-D) versus implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), and outcomes...
October 19, 2016: Circulation
D L Liang, X Y Li, L Wang, H Xu, X P Tuo, Z J Jian
Objective: To investigate the current status and influence factors of ACEI/ARB application in elderly coronary heart disease outpatients complicated with diabetes mellitus in 21 provinces of China. Methods: In this multicenter, non-intervention and cross-sectional survey, the elderly coronary heart disease patients aged 60 years or over were recruited from 165 hospitals in 21 provinces across China from April to July 2011. Current status and influence factors of ACEI/ARB application among 1 789 cases with diabetes mellitus were investigated in the survey...
September 27, 2016: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Ravi S Hira, Larry S Dean
Provisional use of rotational atherectomy (RA) is indicated for procedural success in heavily calcified lesions. In the current study, RA use at three high volume percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) centers between 2005 and 2013 was 1.4%. MACE rate was 17.8% at median follow-up of 22 months. Peripheral vascular disease (PVD), diabetes mellitus (DM), acute coronary syndrome (ACS), and SYNTAX > 23 were found to be independently associated with MACE. With increasing complexity of disease and SYNTAX score, there is usually an increase in severity of calcification and need for atherectomy...
October 2016: Catheterization and Cardiovascular Interventions
Aashish Kumar Sharma, R P Agrawal, J K Sharma, Ritvik Agrawal, Surendra Kumar, Kunal Thackar, Kailash Chandra Saini
OBJECTIVE: Vitamin D deficiency may be responsible for endothelial dysfunction which in turn affects the onset and progression of vascular disease including coronary artery disease and its risk factor, directly or indirectly through various mechanisms. This study was undertaken to find out association between vitamin D and endothelial dilatation of brachial artery, which may help to suggest possible underlying mechanisms and may be of clinical importance in planning preventive and therapeutic strategies...
July 2016: Journal of the Association of Physicians of India
Tae-Seok Lim, Jae-Seung Yun, Seon-Ah Cha, Ki-Ho Song, Ki-Dong Yoo, Yu-Bae Ahn, Yong-Moon Park, Seung-Hyun Ko
Background/Aims: Elevated lipoprotein(a) (Lp[a]) level is known to be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). However, the data that has been reported on the association between the Lp(a) level and CVD in type 2 diabetes has been limited and incoherent. The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between the Lp(a) concentration and new onset CVD in type 2 diabetes. Methods: From March 2003 to December 2004, patients with type 2 diabetes without a prior history of CVD were consecutively enrolled...
October 18, 2016: Korean Journal of Internal Medicine
Sergio E Masnaghetti, Simona Sarzi Braga, Raffaella Vaninetti, Paola Baiardi, Roberto F E Pedretti
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Hospitalized patients after acute cardiovascular events have poorer prognosis if glucose regulation is diagnosed as abnormal. We compared the short and long-term outcome of patients with newly diagnosed altered fasting glycemia (AFG) to that of known diabetic patients and patients with normal glucose regulation (NGR) after admission to cardiac rehabilitation. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed 2490 consecutive patients. Three groups were identified: known diabetes mellitus (n = 540, 22%), fasting glycemia above 110 mg/dl (AFG, n = 269, 11%), and fasting glycemia 110 mg/dl or less (NGR, n = 1681, 67%)...
October 15, 2016: Journal of Cardiovascular Medicine
Xueli Jiang, Lu Yin, Yang Wang, Wei Li, Yuqing Zhang
OBJECTIVE: We aimed to study whether there was a blood pressure range that was positively associated with stroke or coronary heart disease compared with other levels in the so-called normotensives with or without diabetes mellitus and intermediate or high risk-factor burden. DESIGN AND METHOD: We enrolled 42959 persons aged 35-70 years old between 2005 and 2009 from 70 rural and 45 urban communities in China, and assessed their cardiovascular risk-factor burden using the validated INTERHEART Risk Score...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
J Michael Gaziano
The health effects of alcohol have been studied for decades. While it is clear that excessive alcohol consumption is harmful, hundreds of studies have demonstrated that light to moderate alcohol consumption may reduce the risk of certain cardiovascular conditions. Light to moderate alcohol consumption has been consistently associated with lower risk of coronary heart disease (CHD) among a wide variety of population groups including men and women, those with hypertension, diabetes and heart disease. Alcohol has been associated with increases in HDL cholesterol and lower risks of diabetes...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Chan Joo Lee, Jaewon Oh, Sang-Hak Lee, Seok-Min Kang, Donghoon Choi, Hyeon-Chang Kim, Sungha Park
OBJECTIVE: In most cases, the 5 first line drugs are recommended for management of hypertension without preference for one or the other. However, it is unclear whether different classes of anti-hypertensive agents have different effect on survival in low risk, uncomplicated hypertension. The aim of this study was to evaluate effects of 4 classes of first line anti-hypertensive agents on improving survival in patients with low risk, uncomplicated hypertension. DESIGN AND METHOD: Adult hypertensive patients without chronic kidney disease, end stage renal disease, diabetes mellitus, acute coronary syndrome, and heart failure in 2002 were selected from Korean National Health Insurance sample cohort consisting of one million subjects...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Clive Rosendorff
Many guidelines for the management of hypertension have recommended that the goal of antihypertensive treatment in the elderly (usually specified as 80 years or above) should be less than 150/90 mmHg. SPRINT included subjects 50 years or above, and a substantial proportion of subjects 75 years and older. These are individuals at high risk for adverse cardiovascular events because of high prevalence of hypertension and atherosclerotic disease. The less stringent BP goals have been based on a percieved danger of lowering BP to levels that threaten vital organ pefusion (myocardium, brain, kidney)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Paul Whelton
BACKGROUND: Choice of the optimal target for blood pressure (BP) reduction during treatment of patients with hypertension, including those with underlying co-morbid conditions, is an important challenge in clinical practice. The Systolic Blood Pressure Intervention Trial (SPRINT) was designed to provide guidance in selection of a Systolic BP target during treatment of hypertension. METHODS: Adults ≥50 years old with hypertension and at least one additional risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD), but excluding persons with diabetes mellitus, prior stroke, or advanced chronic kidney disease (CKD) were randomly assigned to intensive therapy (intensive), targeting a systolic BP (SBP) <120 mmHg, or standard therapy (standard), targeting a SBP <140 mmHg...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Suzanne Oparil
Heart disease, stroke, and kidney failure are leading causes of death worldwide, and hypertension is a significant risk factor for each. Hypertension is less common in women, compared to men, in those younger than 45 years of age. This trend is reversed in those 65 years and older. In the US between 2011-2014, the prevalence of hypertension in women and men by age group was 6% vs 8% (18-39 years), 30% vs 35% (40-59 years), and 67% vs 63% (60 years and over). Awareness, treatment, and control rates differ between genders with women being more aware of their diagnosis (85% vs 80%), more likely to take their medications (81% vs 71%) and more frequently having controlled hypertension (55% vs 49%)...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Manan Pareek, Mette Lundgren Nielsen, Margrét Leósdóttir, Peter M Nilsson, Michael Hecht Olsen
OBJECTIVE: To explore the independent prognostic value of left ventricular (LV) mass, diastolic function, and fasting plasma glucose (FPG) for the prediction of incident cardiac events in a random population sample. DESIGN AND METHOD: 415 women and 999 men aged 56-79 years, included between 2002-2006, underwent echocardiography based on groups defined by FPG, i.e. normal (NFG): FPG ≤ 6.0 mmol/L; impaired (IFG): FPG 6.1-6.9 mmol/L; and diabetes mellitus (DM): FPG ≥ 7...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Hack-Lyoung Kim, Myung-A Kim, Wan-Joo Shim, Mina Kim, Seong Mi Park, Mi Seung Shin, Gil Ja Shin, Kyung-Soon Hong, Kyoung Im Cho, Yong Hyun Kim, Hyun Ju Yoon
OBJECTIVE: Pulse pressure (PP) is usually increased in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). This study was performed to investigate whether increased PP is predictive of angiographic obstructive CAD beyond traditional risk factors. DESIGN AND METHOD: Study data were obtained from a nation-wide registry, composed of 933 patients (age, 59.4 ± 10.8 years, 710 women) with suspected CAD who underwent invasive coronary angiography. Obstructive CAD was defined as angiographic findings of ≥ 50% diameter stenosis in any major epicardial coronary arteries...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
Jürgen Bohlender, Jürg Nussberger, Beate Bohlender
OBJECTIVE: In elderly hypertensive patients, systolic blood pressure (sBP) goals recommended by US and European guidelines (ESH) for the initiation of treatment are more liberal than in younger patients because of an increased risk of treatment-associated side-effects and hypotension. Carotid stenosis increases with age and poses a risk of brain ischemia if hypotension occurs. Its relevance for the routine care of elderly hypertensives, however, remains unclear. We analyzed data on precerebral artery morphology and BP evolution from a survey of aged hospitalized patients...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
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