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Pelvis trauma tumours

E Grecchi, A E Borgonovo, D Re, L Creminelli, F Grecchi
BACKGROUND: Aneurismal bone cysts (ABCs) are benign, non-neoplastic, expansive, and locally destructive lesions that may occur rarely. They are well defined and usually occur in the long bones, pelvis and vertebrae. According to the 2005 World Health Organization (WHO) histological classification of odontogenic tumours, ABC is classified as a bone-related lesion as ossyfing fibroma, fibrous dysplasia, osseous dysplasia, central giant cell lesion (granuloma-CGCL), cherubism and simple bone cyst (SBC)...
June 2016: European Journal of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Abhijit Saste, Diego Felipe Cabrera Fernandez, Rohit Gulati, Steven Gamalski
A 29-year-old man presented with a 2-week history of severe pain in the left foot with no preceding history of trauma. A left foot radiograph demonstrated a cortical lucency in the mid-distal shaft of the third metatarsal bone. MRI of the left foot showed an expansile lesion in the same location. A staging bone scan showed a focal uptake in the known lucency in the left third metatarsal and in the proximal left femur. A subsequent left hip radiograph demonstrated a lucency in the intertrochanteric region. CT scan of the chest, abdomen and pelvis was unremarkable...
July 16, 2015: BMJ Case Reports
Anji Reddy Kallam, B V Ramakrishna, G Kishore Roy, K R V Karthik
Desmoid tumours represent aggressive fibroblastic proliferation of the musculoaponeurotic structures commonly from the anterior abdominal wall. These tumours infiltrate locally, recur frequently but do not metastasize. Antecedent trauma, pregnancy and estrogens play a role in the etiopathogenesis of these tumours. In familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) genetic history associated with chromosomal abnormality and familial incidence as in Gardner's syndrome is reported and most of these tumours are intraperitoneal either in the mesentery or pelvis and may be multiple and they carry poor prognosis...
October 2014: Journal of Clinical and Diagnostic Research: JCDR
Carol C Hasler
It is wrong to believe that back pain only burdens adults: the yearly incidence during growth ranges from 10-20%, continuously increasing from childhood to adolescence. Rapid growth-related muscular dysbalance and insufficiency, poor physical condition in an increasingly sedentary adolescent community or - vice versa - high level sports activities, account for the most prevalent functional pain syndromes. In contrast to adults the correlation of radiographic findings with pain is high: the younger the patient, the higher the probability to establish a rare morphologic cause such as benign or malignant tumours, congenital malformations and infections...
January 8, 2013: Swiss Medical Weekly
P Ruggieri, A Angelini, M Montalti, E Pala, T Calabrò, G Ussia, C N Abati, M Mercuri
Bone tumours and tumour-like lesions of the hip in children are rare. Signs and symptoms of these tumours are generally nonspecific. Delay of diagnosis is not uncommon. A high index of suspicion in young patients presenting with persistent pain and without history of trauma, that is unresolved with conservative therapy should prompt further investigation, including radiographs or computed tomography scan of the pelvis. In the experience of the Istituto Rizzoli, in patients less than 14 years (mean 9 years, ranged from 6 months to 14 years), 752 tumours and tumours-like lesions occurred in the pelvis or proximal femur, involving the hip...
January 2009: Hip International: the Journal of Clinical and Experimental Research on Hip Pathology and Therapy
Rajeev Srivastava, Fiona Jenkinson, Michael J Murphy
A 26-year-old female overseas student was admitted to hospital with a fracture of her left humerus following minimal trauma. Biochemical abnormalities included hypercalcaemia, hypophosphataemia, raised alkaline phosphatase, raised parathyroid hormone and undetectable 25-hydroxy-vitamin D. Skeletal X-rays revealed multiple osteolytic lesions in the humerus as well as similar lesions in the femora and pelvis. Magnetic resonance imaging of her left shoulder showed a large soft tissue mass in the proximal humerus...
March 2007: Annals of Clinical Biochemistry
M Zganjer, A Cizmic, J Stepan, D Butkovic, B Zupancic, F Bartolek
BACKGROUND: Ovarian dysgerminoma cases are very rarely presented together with acute abdomen. The purpose of this study is to present dysgerminoma ovarii with abdominal pain in lower right abdominal part after abdominal trauma as an abdominal emergency. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Our 12-year old female patient was admitted to our hospital after traffic accident with abdominal trauma. On physical examination the abdomen was acute and the mass in lower abdomen was palpated...
2006: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
Stefanie Ohlerth, Gernot Scharf
Since its clinical introduction, computed tomography (CT) has revolutionized veterinary medicine and is considered to be one of the most valuable tools for the imaging work-up of neurological, oncological and orthopaedic canine and feline patients. In small animals with acute trauma, particularly those involving complex anatomic areas such as the head, spine or pelvis, CT has been established as a standard imaging method. With the increasing availability of radiation therapy in veterinary medicine, CT has also become the principal tool to stage a tumour, assess response, and guide radiation therapy...
March 2007: Veterinary Journal
A P Nigg, T Sternfeld, F Gamarra, M Krötz, B H Belohradsky, J R Bogner
HISTORY AND ADMISSION FINDINGS: A 64 year old man complained about progressive pain in his right upper leg and pelvis since 4 weeks without any history of trauma. He noticed a reduced general health status for several months with weight loss and subfebrile temperatures. The patient's medical history revealed several malignant tumours and recurrent infections with atypical mycobacteria and herpes viruses. INVESTIGATIONS: Laboratory findings showed signs of chronic inflammation...
June 3, 2005: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
A Pini Prato, G Martucciello, M Torre, V Jasonni
Perineal sagittal approaches (posterior sagittal anorectoplasty and anterior and posterior sagittal transanorectal approaches) allow complete anatomic exposure of the perineum and lower pelvis. Moreover, they reduce the risk of damaging important structures because the incision is led in the midline. Therefore, many surgeons have used these approaches to treat diseases other than anorectal malformations (ARM), including intestinal dysganglionosis, trauma, pseudohermaphroditism, presacral mass, and rectal duplication...
October 2004: Pediatric Surgery International
R Ackermann, M O Grimm, H G Bender, P Dall, M C Fleisch, W Hohenberger, J Göhl, S Merkel
Surgery of diseases of the pelvis minor and retroperitoneum such as inflammatory disease, malignant tumours, or trauma of pelvic organs need the close interdisciplinary collaboration of visceral surgeons, gynaecologists, and urologists. This collaboration begins in planning diagnostic and therapeutic procedures. It has to be clear who performs which operative step and when. Excellent long-term results in malignant disease show that the greater effort is worthwhile. The rate of postoperative morbidity after these multivisceral resections is high also in specialised centers, but mortality is below 5%...
April 2004: Der Chirurg; Zeitschrift Für Alle Gebiete der Operativen Medizen
A Ponthieu, F Granger, S Lavilledieu, E Uzan
The authors report 5 cases of extensive loss of substance of the distal ureter due to radiation fibrosis, operative trauma or tumour invasion; these lesions occurred during the course of a genital tumour in 4 cases and rectal prolapse in one case. The lesion was bilateral and radiation-induced in 2 cases and unilateral in 3 cases. The patients presented with renal colic in 2 cases, renal failure in 1 case and infection in 2 cases (pyelonephritis, septic shock). All patients presented with secondary hydronephrosis...
February 2001: Progrès en Urologie
C Camacho García, D Martín Betancort, J M Díaz Iglesia, C García Serrano, N Chesa Ponce, O Báez Marrero
Tumours of the renal pelvis are usually urothelial carcinomas. The benign tumors are extremely rare. Fibroepithelial polyps are the most common mesodermal tumors of the upper urinary tract. They are found most commonly in the ureter but several have been reported in the renal pelvis. Patients usually present with pain and less commonly hematuria. Grossly, these polypoid structures are smooth nodules or filiform projections varying is size from a few millimeters to several centimetres. Histologically, they consist of a thick fibrous stalk with numerous vascular channels covered by a layer of normal or hyperplastic transitional epithelium...
July 1999: Actas Urologicas Españolas
C Enzweiler, D Loreck, M Bollow, H Wilhelm, S Lenk, B Hamm
PURPOSE: The purpose of the study was to detect and safely diagnose pneumatocysts by means of computed tomography. METHODS: From September 1995 to May 1996 computed tomography of the pelvis was performed in six patients for various indications. A slice thickness of 8 mm was employed for all studies. One patient had undergone surgery for hyperparathyroidism nine years previously. Attenuation values within the coincidentally diagnosed pneumatocysts were obtained. RESULTS: We found a total of 14 pneumatocysts juxtaarticular to the sacroiliac joint...
January 1998: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
A Bahloul, M Krid, M Trifa, A T Mosbah, M N Mhiri
The authors report a retrospective study of 34 cases of blunt renal trauma affecting a pathological kidney out of a total of 156 cases of renal trauma. The patients were between the ages of 3 and 60 years, with a male predominance (sex-ratio: 2.4). The predominant cause of trauma was a household accident, in 15 cases (44%). The clinical features were dominated by haematuria and pain. The underlying renal disease was dominated by renal stones (15 cases, 44%) and ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) abnormality (10 cases, 29%)...
1997: Annales D'urologie
J Görich, H J Brambs, C Allmenröder, T Roeren, M Brado, G M Richter, G W Kauffmann
137 arteries of 95 patients were treated by transcatheter embolization for massive haemorrhage using Ethibloc, Gelfoam, wire coils and Tissucol (Fibrinogen + Thrombin). The bleeding was secondary to trauma in 23 patients, to neoplasms in 16 patients and to vascular malformations or chronic inflammatory processes in 41 cases. 15 patients were treated for iatrogenic bleeding following surgery. Bleeding was referred to haemoptysis (n = 27), pelvic (n = 24), renal (n = 16) or gastrointestinal haemorrhage (n = 13) as well as several other diseases (n = 15)...
October 1993: RöFo: Fortschritte Auf Dem Gebiete der Röntgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin
E Renault, T Favier, F Laumonier
BACKGROUND: Myositis ossificans circumscripta is a benign lesion with an acute course and may simulate a malignant tumor. It usually follows trauma to soft tissue. CASE REPORTS: Case n. 1. A 13 year-old girl was admitted because of a painful inflammatory tumour in the left thigh. Initial X-rays were normal. Ultrasound imaging showed a heterogeneous echogenic mass with several extending shadow cones in the distal part of the vastus medialis muscle resembling a calcifying hematoma...
February 1995: Archives de Pédiatrie: Organe Officiel de la Sociéte Française de Pédiatrie
H Rauschmeier, G Jakse
Kidneys are involved in about 25% of abdominal traumas. Pathologically altered kidneys are mostly affected in the case of hydronephrosis, cysts and tumours.
1983: International Urology and Nephrology
F Gattoni, A Avogadro, U Baldini, C Pozzato, M T Bonfanti, D Gandini, L Franch, C Uslenghi
Intravenous and intra-arterial digital subtraction angiography (DSA) was performed in 88 patients: 34 with tumours, 10 with renal trauma, 26 with suspected renovascular hypertension, 6 with vascular impression on the renal pelvis, 8 with nephrolithiasis and 4 with sonographically abnormal kidneys. Venous and arterial DSA always gave diagnostically useful images. Intravenous DSA is valuable in patients with suspected renovascular hypertension or after vascular surgery, percutaneous transluminal angioplasty and transcatheter embolisation...
September 1988: British Journal of Urology
H Denck
Indications for thrombectomy in acute thrombosis of the deep veins of the pelvis and lower extremities are: 1. Phlegmasia coerulea dolens with imminent danger of venous gangrene. 2. All cases: a) with contraindications for a therapy with fibrinolysis, b) after therapy-failures with thrombolytic therapy, c) thrombosis of more than 3 days duration. 3. In cases associated with tumours or trauma. If a thrombectomy can only be partially achieved, or in cases with an old thrombosis, a temporary arteriovenous fistula is performed...
1976: Acta Medica Austriaca
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