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Thomas P Eisele

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29734352/role-of-matrix-metalloproteinases-2-and-9-toll-like-receptor-4-and-platelet-leukocyte-aggregate-formation-in-sepsis-associated-thrombocytopenia
#1
Caroline M Larkin, Nadhim Kamil Hante, Eamon P Breen, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Simon Eisele, Marek W Radomski, Thomas A Ryan, Maria-Jose Santos-Martinez
BACKGROUND: The development of thrombocytopenia in sepsis is a poor prognostic indicator associated with a significantly increased mortality risk. Mechanisms underlying this phenomenon remain to be clearly elucidated. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are enzymes that regulate the turnover of the extra-cellular matrix. MMP-2 is recognised as a platelet agonist with MMP-9 proposed as an inhibitor of platelet activation. The existence of MMP-9 in platelets is a subject of debate. There is limited evidence thus far to suggest that toll-like receptor 4 (TLR-4) and platelet-leukocyte aggregate (PLA) formation may be implicated in the development of sepsis-associated thrombocytopenia...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619212/validity-of-maternal-report-of-care-seeking-for-childhood-illness
#2
Emily D Carter, Micky Ndhlovu, Melinda Munos, Emmy Nkhama, Joanne Katz, Thomas P Eisele
Background: Accurate data on care-seeking for child illness are needed to improve public health programs and reduce child mortality. The accuracy of maternal report of care-seeking for child illness as collected through household surveys has not been validated. Methods: A 2016 survey compared reported care-seeking against a gold-standard of health care provider documented care-seeking events among a random sample of mothers of children <5 years in Southern Province, Zambia...
June 2018: Journal of Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29132357/mapping-multiple-components-of-malaria-risk-for-improved-targeting-of-elimination-interventions
#3
REVIEW
Justin M Cohen, Arnaud Le Menach, Emilie Pothin, Thomas P Eisele, Peter W Gething, Philip A Eckhoff, Bruno Moonen, Allan Schapira, David L Smith
There is a long history of considering the constituent components of malaria risk and the malaria transmission cycle via the use of mathematical models, yet strategic planning in endemic countries tends not to take full advantage of available disease intelligence to tailor interventions. National malaria programmes typically make operational decisions about where to implement vector control and surveillance activities based upon simple categorizations of annual parasite incidence. With technological advances, an enormous opportunity exists to better target specific malaria interventions to the places where they will have greatest impact by mapping and evaluating metrics related to a variety of risk components, each of which describes a different facet of the transmission cycle...
November 13, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29120698/platelet-microaggregation-in-sepsis-examined-by-quartz-crystal-microbalance-with-dissipation-technology
#4
Caroline M Larkin, Eamon P Breen, Krzysztof A Tomaszewski, Simon Eisele, Marek W Radomski, Thomas A Ryan, Maria-Jose Santos-Martinez
Antiplatelet therapies remain an area of potential interest for the treatment of sepsis; however, studies of platelet aggregation in sepsis have yielded conflicting results. We examined platelet aggregation patterns in patients with septic shock using quartz crystal microbalance with dissipation technology, a microfluidic device capable of measuring platelet microaggregate formation under flow conditions. Platelet aggregation was increased in the washed platelet samples of septic patients. Conversely, these same platelets aggregated less than healthy controls when examined in their plasma...
May 2018: Platelets
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990923/framework-for-evaluating-the-health-impact-of-the-scale-up-of-malaria-control-interventions-on-all-cause-child-mortality-in-sub-saharan-africa
#5
Yazoume Yé, Thomas P Eisele, Erin Eckert, Eline Korenromp, Jui A Shah, Christine L Hershey, Elizabeth Ivanovich, Holly Newby, Liliana Carvajal-Velez, Michael Lynch, Ryuichi Komatsu, Richard E Cibulskis, Zhuzhi Moore, Achuyt Bhattarai
Concerted efforts from national and international partners have scaled up malaria control interventions, including insecticide-treated nets, indoor residual spraying, diagnostics, prompt and effective treatment of malaria cases, and intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). This scale-up warrants an assessment of its health impact to guide future efforts and investments; however, measuring malaria-specific mortality and the overall impact of malaria control interventions remains challenging...
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990922/impact-of-insecticide-treated-net-ownership-on-all-cause-child-mortality-in-malawi-2006-2010
#6
Lia S Florey, Adam Bennett, Christine L Hershey, Achuyt Bhattarai, Carrie F Nielsen, Doreen Ali, Misheck Luhanga, Cameron Taylor, Thomas P Eisele, Yazoume Yé
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) have been shown to be highly effective at reducing malaria morbidity and mortality in children. However, there are limited studies that assess the association between increasing ITN coverage and child mortality over time, at the national level, and under programmatic conditions. Two analytic approaches were used to examine this association: a retrospective cohort analysis of individual children and a district-level ecologic analysis. To evaluate the association between household ITN ownership and all-cause child mortality (ACCM) at the individual level, data from the 2010 Demographic and Health Survey (DHS) were modeled in a Cox proportional hazards framework while controlling for numerous environmental, household, and individual confounders through the use of exact matching...
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990915/methodological-considerations-for-use-of-routine-health-information-system-data-to-evaluate-malaria-program-impact-in-an-era-of-declining-malaria-transmission
#7
REVIEW
Ruth A Ashton, Adam Bennett, Joshua Yukich, Achuyt Bhattarai, Joseph Keating, Thomas P Eisele
Coverage of malaria control interventions is increasing dramatically across endemic countries. Evaluating the impact of malaria control programs and specific interventions on health indicators is essential to enable countries to select the most effective and appropriate combination of tools to accelerate progress or proceed toward malaria elimination. When key malaria interventions have been proven effective under controlled settings, further evaluations of the impact of the intervention using randomized approaches may not be appropriate or ethical...
September 2017: American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28606143/effectiveness-of-reactive-case-detection-for-malaria-elimination-in-three-archetypical-transmission-settings-a-modelling-study
#8
Jaline Gerardin, Caitlin A Bever, Daniel Bridenbecker, Busiku Hamainza, Kafula Silumbe, John M Miller, Thomas P Eisele, Philip A Eckhoff, Edward A Wenger
BACKGROUND: Reactive case detection could be a powerful tool in malaria elimination, as it selectively targets transmission pockets. However, field operations have yet to demonstrate under which conditions, if any, reactive case detection is best poised to push a region to elimination. This study uses mathematical modelling to assess how baseline transmission intensity and local interconnectedness affect the impact of reactive activities in the context of other possible intervention packages...
June 12, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28566273/an-expanded-genome-wide-association-study-of-type-2-diabetes-in-europeans
#9
Robert A Scott, Laura J Scott, Reedik Mägi, Letizia Marullo, Kyle J Gaulton, Marika Kaakinen, Natalia Pervjakova, Tune H Pers, Andrew D Johnson, John D Eicher, Anne U Jackson, Teresa Ferreira, Yeji Lee, Clement Ma, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Lu Qi, Natalie R Van Zuydam, Anubha Mahajan, Han Chen, Peter Almgren, Ben F Voight, Harald Grallert, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Janina S Ried, Nigel W Rayner, Neil Robertson, Lennart C Karssen, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Sara M Willems, Christian Fuchsberger, Phoenix Kwan, Tanya M Teslovich, Pritam Chanda, Man Li, Yingchang Lu, Christian Dina, Dorothee Thuillier, Loic Yengo, Longda Jiang, Thomas Sparso, Hans A Kestler, Himanshu Chheda, Lewin Eisele, Stefan Gustafsson, Mattias Frånberg, Rona J Strawbridge, Rafn Benediktsson, Astradur B Hreidarsson, Augustine Kong, Gunnar Sigurðsson, Nicola D Kerrison, Jian'an Luan, Liming Liang, Thomas Meitinger, Michael Roden, Barbara Thorand, Tõnu Esko, Evelin Mihailov, Caroline Fox, Ching-Ti Liu, Denis Rybin, Bo Isomaa, Valeriya Lyssenko, Tiinamaija Tuomi, David J Couper, James S Pankow, Niels Grarup, Christian T Have, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Allan Linneberg, Marilyn C Cornelis, Rob M van Dam, David J Hunter, Peter Kraft, Qi Sun, Sarah Edkins, Katharine R Owen, John R B Perry, Andrew R Wood, Eleftheria Zeggini, Juan Tajes-Fernandes, Goncalo R Abecasis, Lori L Bonnycastle, Peter S Chines, Heather M Stringham, Heikki A Koistinen, Leena Kinnunen, Bengt Sennblad, Thomas W Mühleisen, Markus M Nöthen, Sonali Pechlivanis, Damiano Baldassarre, Karl Gertow, Steve E Humphries, Elena Tremoli, Norman Klopp, Julia Meyer, Gerald Steinbach, Roman Wennauer, Johan G Eriksson, Satu Mӓnnistö, Leena Peltonen, Emmi Tikkanen, Guillaume Charpentier, Elodie Eury, Stéphane Lobbens, Bruna Gigante, Karin Leander, Olga McLeod, Erwin P Bottinger, Omri Gottesman, Douglas Ruderfer, Matthias Blüher, Peter Kovacs, Anke Tonjes, Nisa M Maruthur, Chiara Scapoli, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Susanne Moebus, Ulf de Faire, Anders Hamsten, Michael Stumvoll, Panagiotis Deloukas, Peter J Donnelly, Timothy M Frayling, Andrew T Hattersley, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Nancy L Pedersen, Bernhard O Boehm, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Inês Barroso, Lars Lannfelt, Erik Ingelsson, Lars Lind, Cecilia M Lindgren, Stephane Cauchi, Philippe Froguel, Ruth J F Loos, Beverley Balkau, Heiner Boeing, Paul W Franks, Aurelio Barricarte Gurrea, Domenico Palli, Yvonne T van der Schouw, David Altshuler, Leif C Groop, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J Wareham, Eric Sijbrands, Cornelia M van Duijn, Jose C Florez, James B Meigs, Eric Boerwinkle, Christian Gieger, Konstantin Strauch, Andres Metspalu, Andrew D Morris, Colin N A Palmer, Frank B Hu, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson, Josée Dupuis, Andrew P Morris, Michael Boehnke, Mark I McCarthy, Inga Prokopenko
To characterize type 2 diabetes (T2D)-associated variation across the allele frequency spectrum, we conducted a meta-analysis of genome-wide association data from 26,676 T2D case and 132,532 control subjects of European ancestry after imputation using the 1000 Genomes multiethnic reference panel. Promising association signals were followed up in additional data sets (of 14,545 or 7,397 T2D case and 38,994 or 71,604 control subjects). We identified 13 novel T2D-associated loci ( P < 5 × 10-8 ), including variants near the GLP2R , GIP , and HLA-DQA1 genes...
November 2017: Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28434397/watching-the-availability-and-use-of-rapid-diagnostic-tests-rdts-and-artemisinin-based-combination-therapy-act
#10
Richard W Steketee, Thomas P Eisele
At the turn of this new century and after much debate, the malaria community reckoned with failing first line therapies and moved to a global recommendation for deployment of an artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) to treat infections due to Plasmodium falciparum. No one said it was going to be easy. This series in the Malaria Journal reports longitudinal snapshots of how the core pillar of malaria elimination of ensuring universal access to malaria diagnosis and treatment is faring-it is safe to say "not so well"...
April 24, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28288746/population-coverage-of-artemisinin-based-combination-treatment-in-children-younger-than-5-years-with-fever-and-plasmodium-falciparum-infection-in-africa-2003-2015-a-modelling-study-using-data-from-national-surveys
#11
Adam Bennett, Donal Bisanzio, Joshua O Yukich, Bonnie Mappin, Cristin A Fergus, Michael Lynch, Richard E Cibulskis, Samir Bhatt, Daniel J Weiss, Ewan Cameron, Peter W Gething, Thomas P Eisele
BACKGROUND: Artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs) are the most effective treatment for uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria infection. A commonly used indicator for monitoring and assessing progress in coverage of malaria treatment is the proportion of children younger than 5 years with reported fever in the previous 14 days who have received an ACT. We propose an improved indicator that incorporates parasite infection status (as assessed by a rapid diagnostic test [RDT]), which is available in recent household surveys...
April 2017: Lancet Global Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28152975/evaluation-of-the-optimal-cuff-volume-and-cuff-pressure-of-the-revised-laryngeal-tube-lts-d-in-surgical-patients
#12
Marc Kriege, Christian Alflen, Johannes Eisel, Thomas Ott, Tim Piepho, Ruediger R Noppens
BACKGROUND: Recent case reports have indicated significant cuff overinflation when using the standard filling volume based on the manufacturer's recommendations in older models of laryngeal tubes. The aim of this study was to determine the minimum cuff pressure needed to perform standardized ventilation without leakage in the new, revised model of the laryngeal tube "LTS-D". METHODS: After ethical approval, LTS-D was placed for ventilation in 60 anesthetized patients...
February 2, 2017: BMC Anesthesiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923947/short-term-impact-of-mass-drug-administration-with-dihydroartemisinin-plus-piperaquine-on-malaria-in-southern-province-zambia-a-cluster-randomized-controlled-trial
#13
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Thomas P Eisele, Adam Bennett, Kafula Silumbe, Timothy P Finn, Victor Chalwe, Mulakwa Kamuliwo, Busiku Hamainza, Hawela Moonga, Emmanuel Kooma, Elizabeth Chizema Kawesha, Joshua Yukich, Joseph Keating, Travis Porter, Ruben O Conner, Duncan Earle, Richard W Steketee, John M Miller
BACKGROUND:  Mass drug administration (MDA) using dihydroartemisinin plus piperaquine (DHAp) represents a potential strategy to clear Plasmodium falciparum infections and reduce the human parasite reservoir. METHODS:  A cluster-randomized controlled trial in Southern Province, Zambia, was used to assess the short-term impact of 2 rounds of community-wide MDA and household-level (focal) MDA with DHAp compared with no mass treatment. Study end points included parasite prevalence in children, infection incidence, and confirmed malaria case incidence...
December 15, 2016: Journal of Infectious Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27496161/the-relative-contribution-of-climate-variability-and-vector-control-coverage-to-changes-in-malaria-parasite-prevalence-in-zambia-2006-2012
#14
Adam Bennett, Josh Yukich, John M Miller, Joseph Keating, Hawela Moonga, Busiku Hamainza, Mulakwa Kamuliwo, Ricardo Andrade-Pacheco, Penelope Vounatsou, Richard W Steketee, Thomas P Eisele
BACKGROUND: Four malaria indicator surveys (MIS) were conducted in Zambia between 2006 and 2012 to evaluate malaria control scale-up. Nationally, coverage of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS) increased over this period, while parasite prevalence in children 1-59 months decreased dramatically between 2006 and 2008, but then increased from 2008 to 2010. We assessed the relative effects of vector control coverage and climate variability on malaria parasite prevalence over this period...
August 5, 2016: Parasites & Vectors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27443992/malaria-vector-research-and-control-in-haiti-a-systematic-review
#15
REVIEW
Joseph Frederick, Yvan Saint Jean, Jean Frantz Lemoine, Ellen M Dotson, Kimberly E Mace, Michelle Chang, Laurence Slutsker, Arnaud Le Menach, John C Beier, Thomas P Eisele, Bernard A Okech, Valery Madsen Beau de Rochars, Keith H Carter, Joseph Keating, Daniel E Impoinvil
BACKGROUND: Haiti has a set a target of eliminating malaria by 2020. However, information on malaria vector research in Haiti is not well known. This paper presents results from a systematic review of the literature on malaria vector research, bionomics and control in Haiti. METHODS: A systematic search of literature published in French, Spanish and English languages was conducted in 2015 using Pubmed (MEDLINE), Google Scholar, EMBASE, JSTOR WHOLIS and Web of Science databases as well other grey literature sources such as USAID, and PAHO...
July 22, 2016: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27225129/genome-wide-association-study-identifies-74-loci-associated-with-educational-attainment
#16
Aysu Okbay, Jonathan P Beauchamp, Mark Alan Fontana, James J Lee, Tune H Pers, Cornelius A Rietveld, Patrick Turley, Guo-Bo Chen, Valur Emilsson, S Fleur W Meddens, Sven Oskarsson, Joseph K Pickrell, Kevin Thom, Pascal Timshel, Ronald de Vlaming, Abdel Abdellaoui, Tarunveer S Ahluwalia, Jonas Bacelis, Clemens Baumbach, Gyda Bjornsdottir, Johannes H Brandsma, Maria Pina Concas, Jaime Derringer, Nicholas A Furlotte, Tessel E Galesloot, Giorgia Girotto, Richa Gupta, Leanne M Hall, Sarah E Harris, Edith Hofer, Momoko Horikoshi, Jennifer E Huffman, Kadri Kaasik, Ioanna P Kalafati, Robert Karlsson, Augustine Kong, Jari Lahti, Sven J van der Lee, Christiaan deLeeuw, Penelope A Lind, Karl-Oskar Lindgren, Tian Liu, Massimo Mangino, Jonathan Marten, Evelin Mihailov, Michael B Miller, Peter J van der Most, Christopher Oldmeadow, Antony Payton, Natalia Pervjakova, Wouter J Peyrot, Yong Qian, Olli Raitakari, Rico Rueedi, Erika Salvi, Börge Schmidt, Katharina E Schraut, Jianxin Shi, Albert V Smith, Raymond A Poot, Beate St Pourcain, Alexander Teumer, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Niek Verweij, Dragana Vuckovic, Juergen Wellmann, Harm-Jan Westra, Jingyun Yang, Wei Zhao, Zhihong Zhu, Behrooz Z Alizadeh, Najaf Amin, Andrew Bakshi, Sebastian E Baumeister, Ginevra Biino, Klaus Bønnelykke, Patricia A Boyle, Harry Campbell, Francesco P Cappuccio, Gail Davies, Jan-Emmanuel De Neve, Panos Deloukas, Ilja Demuth, Jun Ding, Peter Eibich, Lewin Eisele, Niina Eklund, David M Evans, Jessica D Faul, Mary F Feitosa, Andreas J Forstner, Ilaria Gandin, Bjarni Gunnarsson, Bjarni V Halldórsson, Tamara B Harris, Andrew C Heath, Lynne J Hocking, Elizabeth G Holliday, Georg Homuth, Michael A Horan, Jouke-Jan Hottenga, Philip L de Jager, Peter K Joshi, Astanand Jugessur, Marika A Kaakinen, Mika Kähönen, Stavroula Kanoni, Liisa Keltigangas-Järvinen, Lambertus A L M Kiemeney, Ivana Kolcic, Seppo Koskinen, Aldi T Kraja, Martin Kroh, Zoltan Kutalik, Antti Latvala, Lenore J Launer, Maël P Lebreton, Douglas F Levinson, Paul Lichtenstein, Peter Lichtner, David C M Liewald, Anu Loukola, Pamela A Madden, Reedik Mägi, Tomi Mäki-Opas, Riccardo E Marioni, Pedro Marques-Vidal, Gerardus A Meddens, George McMahon, Christa Meisinger, Thomas Meitinger, Yusplitri Milaneschi, Lili Milani, Grant W Montgomery, Ronny Myhre, Christopher P Nelson, Dale R Nyholt, William E R Ollier, Aarno Palotie, Lavinia Paternoster, Nancy L Pedersen, Katja E Petrovic, David J Porteous, Katri Räikkönen, Susan M Ring, Antonietta Robino, Olga Rostapshova, Igor Rudan, Aldo Rustichini, Veikko Salomaa, Alan R Sanders, Antti-Pekka Sarin, Helena Schmidt, Rodney J Scott, Blair H Smith, Jennifer A Smith, Jan A Staessen, Elisabeth Steinhagen-Thiessen, Konstantin Strauch, Antonio Terracciano, Martin D Tobin, Sheila Ulivi, Simona Vaccargiu, Lydia Quaye, Frank J A van Rooij, Cristina Venturini, Anna A E Vinkhuyzen, Uwe Völker, Henry Völzke, Judith M Vonk, Diego Vozzi, Johannes Waage, Erin B Ware, Gonneke Willemsen, John R Attia, David A Bennett, Klaus Berger, Lars Bertram, Hans Bisgaard, Dorret I Boomsma, Ingrid B Borecki, Ute Bültmann, Christopher F Chabris, Francesco Cucca, Daniele Cusi, Ian J Deary, George V Dedoussis, Cornelia M van Duijn, Johan G Eriksson, Barbara Franke, Lude Franke, Paolo Gasparini, Pablo V Gejman, Christian Gieger, Hans-Jörgen Grabe, Jacob Gratten, Patrick J F Groenen, Vilmundur Gudnason, Pim van der Harst, Caroline Hayward, David A Hinds, Wolfgang Hoffmann, Elina Hyppönen, William G Iacono, Bo Jacobsson, Marjo-Riitta Järvelin, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Jaakko Kaprio, Sharon L R Kardia, Terho Lehtimäki, Steven F Lehrer, Patrik K E Magnusson, Nicholas G Martin, Matt McGue, Andres Metspalu, Neil Pendleton, Brenda W J H Penninx, Markus Perola, Nicola Pirastu, Mario Pirastu, Ozren Polasek, Danielle Posthuma, Christine Power, Michael A Province, Nilesh J Samani, David Schlessinger, Reinhold Schmidt, Thorkild I A Sørensen, Tim D Spector, Kari Stefansson, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, A Roy Thurik, Nicholas J Timpson, Henning Tiemeier, Joyce Y Tung, André G Uitterlinden, Veronique Vitart, Peter Vollenweider, David R Weir, James F Wilson, Alan F Wright, Dalton C Conley, Robert F Krueger, George Davey Smith, Albert Hofman, David I Laibson, Sarah E Medland, Michelle N Meyer, Jian Yang, Magnus Johannesson, Peter M Visscher, Tõnu Esko, Philipp D Koellinger, David Cesarini, Daniel J Benjamin
Educational attainment is strongly influenced by social and other environmental factors, but genetic factors are estimated to account for at least 20% of the variation across individuals. Here we report the results of a genome-wide association study (GWAS) for educational attainment that extends our earlier discovery sample of 101,069 individuals to 293,723 individuals, and a replication study in an independent sample of 111,349 individuals from the UK Biobank. We identify 74 genome-wide significant loci associated with the number of years of schooling completed...
May 26, 2016: Nature
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27096319/brain-endothelial-and-epithelial-specific-interferon-receptor-chain-1-drives-virus-induced-sickness-behavior-and-cognitive-impairment
#17
Thomas Blank, Claudia N Detje, Alena Spieß, Nora Hagemeyer, Stefanie M Brendecke, Jakob Wolfart, Ori Staszewski, Tanja Zöller, Ismini Papageorgiou, Justus Schneider, Ricardo Paricio-Montesinos, Ulrich L M Eisel, Denise Manahan-Vaughan, Stephan Jansen, Stefan Lienenklaus, Bao Lu, Yumiko Imai, Marcus Müller, Susan E Goelz, Darren P Baker, Markus Schwaninger, Oliver Kann, Mathias Heikenwalder, Ulrich Kalinke, Marco Prinz
Sickness behavior and cognitive dysfunction occur frequently by unknown mechanisms in virus-infected individuals with malignancies treated with type I interferons (IFNs) and in patients with autoimmune disorders. We found that during sickness behavior, single-stranded RNA viruses, double-stranded RNA ligands, and IFNs shared pathways involving engagement of melanoma differentiation-associated protein 5 (MDA5), retinoic acid-inducible gene 1 (RIG-I), and mitochondrial antiviral signaling protein (MAVS), and subsequently induced IFN responses specifically in brain endothelia and epithelia of mice...
April 19, 2016: Immunity
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26714109/coverage-and-system-efficiencies-of-insecticide-treated-nets-in-africa-from-2000-to-2017
#18
Samir Bhatt, Daniel J Weiss, Bonnie Mappin, Ursula Dalrymple, Ewan Cameron, Donal Bisanzio, David L Smith, Catherine L Moyes, Andrew J Tatem, Michael Lynch, Cristin A Fergus, Joshua Yukich, Adam Bennett, Thomas P Eisele, Jan Kolaczinski, Richard E Cibulskis, Simon I Hay, Peter W Gething
Insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) for malaria control are widespread but coverage remains inadequate. We developed a Bayesian model using data from 102 national surveys, triangulated against delivery data and distribution reports, to generate year-by-year estimates of four ITN coverage indicators. We explored the impact of two potential 'inefficiencies': uneven net distribution among households and rapid rates of net loss from households. We estimated that, in 2013, 21% (17%-26%) of ITNs were over-allocated and this has worsened over time as overall net provision has increased...
December 29, 2015: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26651606/a-dynamic-role-of-tbx3-in-the-pluripotency-circuitry
#19
Ronan Russell, Marcus Ilg, Qiong Lin, Guangming Wu, André Lechel, Wendy Bergmann, Tim Eiseler, Leonhard Linta, Pavan Kumar P, Moritz Klingenstein, Kenjiro Adachi, Meike Hohwieler, Olena Sakk, Stefanie Raab, Anne Moon, Martin Zenke, Thomas Seufferlein, Hans R Schöler, Anett Illing, Stefan Liebau, Alexander Kleger
Pluripotency represents a cell state comprising a fine-tuned pattern of transcription factor activity required for embryonic stem cell (ESC) self-renewal. TBX3 is the earliest expressed member of the T-box transcription factor family and is involved in maintenance and induction of pluripotency. Hence, TBX3 is believed to be a key member of the pluripotency circuitry, with loss of TBX3 coinciding with loss of pluripotency. We report a dynamic expression of TBX3 in vitro and in vivo using genetic reporter tools tracking TBX3 expression in mouse ESCs (mESCs)...
December 8, 2015: Stem Cell Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26551672/genetic-fine-mapping-and-genomic-annotation-defines-causal-mechanisms-at-type-2-diabetes-susceptibility-loci
#20
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Kyle J Gaulton, Teresa Ferreira, Yeji Lee, Anne Raimondo, Reedik Mägi, Michael E Reschen, Anubha Mahajan, Adam Locke, N William Rayner, Neil Robertson, Robert A Scott, Inga Prokopenko, Laura J Scott, Todd Green, Thomas Sparso, Dorothee Thuillier, Loic Yengo, Harald Grallert, Simone Wahl, Mattias Frånberg, Rona J Strawbridge, Hans Kestler, Himanshu Chheda, Lewin Eisele, Stefan Gustafsson, Valgerdur Steinthorsdottir, Gudmar Thorleifsson, Lu Qi, Lennart C Karssen, Elisabeth M van Leeuwen, Sara M Willems, Man Li, Han Chen, Christian Fuchsberger, Phoenix Kwan, Clement Ma, Michael Linderman, Yingchang Lu, Soren K Thomsen, Jana K Rundle, Nicola L Beer, Martijn van de Bunt, Anil Chalisey, Hyun Min Kang, Benjamin F Voight, Gonçalo R Abecasis, Peter Almgren, Damiano Baldassarre, Beverley Balkau, Rafn Benediktsson, Matthias Blüher, Heiner Boeing, Lori L Bonnycastle, Erwin P Bottinger, Noël P Burtt, Jason Carey, Guillaume Charpentier, Peter S Chines, Marilyn C Cornelis, David J Couper, Andrew T Crenshaw, Rob M van Dam, Alex S F Doney, Mozhgan Dorkhan, Sarah Edkins, Johan G Eriksson, Tonu Esko, Elodie Eury, João Fadista, Jason Flannick, Pierre Fontanillas, Caroline Fox, Paul W Franks, Karl Gertow, Christian Gieger, Bruna Gigante, Omri Gottesman, George B Grant, Niels Grarup, Christopher J Groves, Maija Hassinen, Christian T Have, Christian Herder, Oddgeir L Holmen, Astradur B Hreidarsson, Steve E Humphries, David J Hunter, Anne U Jackson, Anna Jonsson, Marit E Jørgensen, Torben Jørgensen, Wen-Hong L Kao, Nicola D Kerrison, Leena Kinnunen, Norman Klopp, Augustine Kong, Peter Kovacs, Peter Kraft, Jasmina Kravic, Cordelia Langford, Karin Leander, Liming Liang, Peter Lichtner, Cecilia M Lindgren, Eero Lindholm, Allan Linneberg, Ching-Ti Liu, Stéphane Lobbens, Jian'an Luan, Valeriya Lyssenko, Satu Männistö, Olga McLeod, Julia Meyer, Evelin Mihailov, Ghazala Mirza, Thomas W Mühleisen, Martina Müller-Nurasyid, Carmen Navarro, Markus M Nöthen, Nikolay N Oskolkov, Katharine R Owen, Domenico Palli, Sonali Pechlivanis, Leena Peltonen, John R B Perry, Carl G P Platou, Michael Roden, Douglas Ruderfer, Denis Rybin, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Bengt Sennblad, Gunnar Sigurðsson, Alena Stančáková, Gerald Steinbach, Petter Storm, Konstantin Strauch, Heather M Stringham, Qi Sun, Barbara Thorand, Emmi Tikkanen, Anke Tonjes, Joseph Trakalo, Elena Tremoli, Tiinamaija Tuomi, Roman Wennauer, Steven Wiltshire, Andrew R Wood, Eleftheria Zeggini, Ian Dunham, Ewan Birney, Lorenzo Pasquali, Jorge Ferrer, Ruth J F Loos, Josée Dupuis, Jose C Florez, Eric Boerwinkle, James S Pankow, Cornelia van Duijn, Eric Sijbrands, James B Meigs, Frank B Hu, Unnur Thorsteinsdottir, Kari Stefansson, Timo A Lakka, Rainer Rauramaa, Michael Stumvoll, Nancy L Pedersen, Lars Lind, Sirkka M Keinanen-Kiukaanniemi, Eeva Korpi-Hyövälti, Timo E Saaristo, Juha Saltevo, Johanna Kuusisto, Markku Laakso, Andres Metspalu, Raimund Erbel, Karl-Heinz Jöcke, Susanne Moebus, Samuli Ripatti, Veikko Salomaa, Erik Ingelsson, Bernhard O Boehm, Richard N Bergman, Francis S Collins, Karen L Mohlke, Heikki Koistinen, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Kristian Hveem, Inger Njølstad, Panagiotis Deloukas, Peter J Donnelly, Timothy M Frayling, Andrew T Hattersley, Ulf de Faire, Anders Hamsten, Thomas Illig, Annette Peters, Stephane Cauchi, Rob Sladek, Philippe Froguel, Torben Hansen, Oluf Pedersen, Andrew D Morris, Collin N A Palmer, Sekar Kathiresan, Olle Melander, Peter M Nilsson, Leif C Groop, Inês Barroso, Claudia Langenberg, Nicholas J Wareham, Christopher A O'Callaghan, Anna L Gloyn, David Altshuler, Michael Boehnke, Tanya M Teslovich, Mark I McCarthy, Andrew P Morris
We performed fine mapping of 39 established type 2 diabetes (T2D) loci in 27,206 cases and 57,574 controls of European ancestry. We identified 49 distinct association signals at these loci, including five mapping in or near KCNQ1. 'Credible sets' of the variants most likely to drive each distinct signal mapped predominantly to noncoding sequence, implying that association with T2D is mediated through gene regulation. Credible set variants were enriched for overlap with FOXA2 chromatin immunoprecipitation binding sites in human islet and liver cells, including at MTNR1B, where fine mapping implicated rs10830963 as driving T2D association...
December 2015: Nature Genetics
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