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Pharmacy benefit management

Hamzah Alzubaidi, Ward Saidawi, Kevin Mc Namara
Background The benefits of professional pharmacy services in improving patient outcomes and reducing health expenditure are well documented. To a large extent, these services are not implemented in many developing countries. Objective To explore pharmacists' perceptions of and willingness to provide professional services in the United Arab Emirates (UAE) and the perceived barriers and facilitators. The current provision of pharmacy-based services and capacity for service delivery were also explored. Setting Community pharmacies in Sharjah and Dubai in the UAE...
June 20, 2018: International Journal of Clinical Pharmacy
Christopher S Russi, Alicia E Mattson, Peter A Smars, James S Newman, Alex J Beuning
We believe this is the first documented case of a critically ill patient managed by telepharmacy in a remote, rural critical access hospital. We outline the case and the benefits of telepharmacy in under-resourced, rural critical access emergency departments.
January 1, 2018: Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare
Richard K Shields, Shauna Dudley-Javoroski
QUESTIONS: What is the economic value of a physiotherapy career relative to other healthcare professions? Is the graduate debt reported for physiotherapy manageable according to recommended salary-weighted debt service ratio benchmarks? DESIGN: Net present value (NPV) is an economic modelling approach that compares costs and benefits of an investment such as healthcare education. An economic analysis using the NPV approach was conducted and reported in US dollars for the Doctor of Physical Therapy degree...
June 15, 2018: Journal of Physiotherapy
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 19, 2018: Annals of Internal Medicine
Raniah N Aldekhyyel, Genevieve B Melton, Gretchen Hultman, Michael B Pitt
To measure the impact of a novel interactive inpatient pediatric pain management solution integrating our hospital's electronic health record system, the nurse communication phones, and the pharmacy dispensing system, we assessed parent and nurse perspectives on the tool's potential value, benefits, and challenges. A mixed-methods approach with survey instruments containing closed-ended and open-ended questions was administered to 30 parents and 59 nurses (66% and 23% response rate respectively). Overall, parents were more satisfied with the interactive technology experience (90%) compared to nurses (50%) with both indicating timely reassessments of pain being the most valuable feature...
2018: AMIA Summits on Translational Science Proceedings
Hiroka Nagaoka
 Palliative care had a role in maintaining and improving the patient's QOL. To optimize symptomatic management, that cannot be controlled using commercial formulations, in-house pharmaceutical preparations customized to meet an individual's clinical needs are sometimes administered. Despite a growing arsenal of oncology drugs, opioids, and other compounds, many elderly cancer patients have a wide spectrum of comorbid conditions that require the help of skilled pharmacists. Although drugs prepared in in-house pharmacies can be customized to the conditions of individual patients, their preparation is time- and resource-intensive, and their benefits sometimes do not outweigh the costs...
2018: Yakugaku Zasshi: Journal of the Pharmaceutical Society of Japan
Christian E L Jones, Denham L Phipps, Darren M Ashcroft
Objective: Procedural violations are known to occur in a range of work settings, and are an important topic of interest with regard to safety management. A Safety-I perspective sees violations as undesirable digressions from standardised procedures, while a Safety-II perspective sees violations as adaptations to a complex work system. This study aimed to apply both perspectives to the examination of violations in community pharmacies. Design: Twenty-four participants (13 pharmacists and 11 pharmacy support staff) were purposively sampled to participate in semi-structured interviews using the critical incident technique...
June 2018: Safety Science
Cristina Roman, Gail Edwards, Michael Dooley, Biswadev Mitra
PURPOSE: Results of a systematic literature review to identify roles for emergency medicine (EM) pharmacists beyond traditionally reported activities and to quantify the benefits of these roles in terms of patient outcomes are reported. SUMMARY: Emergency department (ED)-based clinical pharmacy is a rapidly growing practice area that has gained support in a number of countries globally, particularly over the last 5-10 years. A systematic literature search covering the period 1995-2016 was conducted to characterize emerging EM pharmacist roles and the impact on patient outcomes...
June 1, 2018: American Journal of Health-system Pharmacy: AJHP
(no author information available yet)
Cancer is one of the most costly medical conditions to treat in the United States due in part to increasingly innovative, but expensive, chemotherapeutic, immuno-oncologic, and biologic treatments. At the same time, health insurance in the United States is increasingly shifting a larger part of the costs to patients through higher premiums, deductibles, and coinsurance and copayment rates. These shifts are driving the need for quality measures and value measurements in oncology that assess the total effect on care and can be used to develop payment models...
June 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
(no author information available yet)
Precision medicine, the customization of health care to an individual's genetic profile while accounting for biomarkers and lifestyle, has increasingly been adopted by health care stakeholders to guide the development of treatment options, improve treatment decision making, provide more patient-centered care, and better inform coverage and reimbursement decisions. Despite these benefits, key challenges prevent its broader use and adoption. On December 7-8, 2017, the Academy of Managed Care Pharmacy convened a group of stakeholders to discuss these challenges and provide recommendations to facilitate broader adoption and use of precision medicine across health care settings...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
T Joseph Mattingly, Joseph F Levy, Julia F Slejko, Nneka C Onwudiwe, Eleanor M Perfetto
BACKGROUND: Drug costs are frequently estimated in economic analyses using wholesale acquisition cost (WAC), but what is the best approach to develop these estimates? Pharmaceutical manufacturers recently released transparency reports disclosing net price increases after accounting for rebates and other discounts. OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to determine whether manufacturer net prices (MNPs) could approximate the discounted prices observed by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs (VA)...
May 12, 2018: PharmacoEconomics
Harjit K Singh, Gerard A Kennedy, Ieva Stupans
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy health coaching is a nascent topic offering promise on several fronts. There is considerable benefit to discerning the contributions thus far and future directions of pharmacy health coaching and research of the topic. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this review was to synthesize the available empirical evidence regarding pharmacy health coaching and to define it. METHODS: This systematic review followed the PRISMA guidelines...
April 21, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Hui-Po Wang, Chun-Li Wang
The concept of Pharmacovigilance Planning and Risk Minimization Planning (PVP/RMP), initiated by the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH), addressed an important conceptual change from monitoring the safety of individual medicine to proactively conducting risk prevention for the minimization of medication error. However, the implementation of PVP/RMP is a challenge in societies like Taiwan where irrational medication and co-medication is prevalent. It is even more difficult in Taiwan where two regulatory bodies are governing pharmaceutical affairs, namely Taiwan Food and Drug Administration (TFDA) in charge of Western Medicine (WM) and the Department of Chinese Medicine and Pharmacy (DCMP) in charge of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)...
April 2018: Journal of Food and Drug Analysis
Michael J Durkin, Qianxi Feng, Kyle Warren, Peter B Lockhart, Martin H Thornhill, Kiraat D Munshi, Rochelle R Henderson, Kevin Hsueh, Victoria J Fraser
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to assess dental antibiotic prescribing trends over time, to quantify the number and types of antibiotics dentists prescribe inappropriately, and to estimate the excess health care costs of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing with the use of a large cohort of general dentists in the United States. METHODS: We used a quasi-Poisson regression model to analyze antibiotic prescriptions trends by general dentists between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2015, with the use of data from Express Scripts Holding Company, a large pharmacy benefits manager...
May 2018: Journal of the American Dental Association
Chinmay G Deshpande, Stephen Kogut, Cynthia Willey
BACKGROUND: With the lack of real-world evidence, the challenge for drug reimbursement policy decision makers is to understand medication adherence behavior among users of novel oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and its effect on overall cost savings. No study has examined and quantified the burden of cost in high-risk patients taking NOAC therapy. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association of cost with adherence, comorbidity, and risk of stroke and bleeding in patients taking NOACs (rivaroxaban and dabigatran)...
May 2018: Journal of Managed Care & Specialty Pharmacy
Genival Araujo Dos Santos Júnior, Thelma Onozato, Kérilin Stancine Santos Rocha, Sheila Feitosa Ramos, André Mascarenhas Pereira, Carla Francisca Dos Santos Cruz, Giselle Carvalho Brito, Divaldo Pereira de Lyra-Jr
BACKGROUND: Clinical pharmacy services (CPS) have been evolving worldwide. However, it is estimated that CPS are not yet integrated into the Brazilian healthcare system. Thus, the objective of this study is to identify factors that influence the integration of CPS into the healthcare system and propose strategies for this integration. METHODS: A methodological development study was conducted from August 2016 to September 2017. Thus, interviews were conducted with key informants to identify barriers, facilitators, and strategies for CPS integration...
April 12, 2018: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Lawrence Blonde, Chakkarin Burudpakdee, Victoria Divino, Brahim Bookhart, Jennifer Cai, Michael Pfeifer, Craig I Coleman
OBJECTIVE: To assess the impact of non-medical switch (NMS) from canagliflozin on antihyperglycemic agent (AHA) medication taking behavior. METHODS: This retrospective real-world database analysis included patients with type 2 diabetes with a prescription claim for canagliflozin (CANA) between August 2015 and January 2016 using administrative claims and longitudinal prescription data. Patients with NMS from canagliflozin were identified as those with discontinuation or switch of canagliflozin and enrolled in a pharmacy benefit manager that removed CANA from formulary in 2016...
May 3, 2018: Current Medical Research and Opinion
Barbara E Jones, Candace Haroldsen, Karl Madaras-Kelly, Matthew B Goetz, Jian Ying, Brian Sauer, Makoto M Jones, Molly Leecaster, Tom Greene, Scott K Fridkin, Melinda M Neuhauser, Matthew H Samore
BACKGROUND: Electronic health records provide the opportunity to assess system-wide quality measures. Veterans Affairs Pharmacy Benefits Management Center for Medication Safety uses medication use evaluation (MUE) through manual review of the electronic health records. OBJECTIVE: To compare an electronic MUE approach versus human/manual review for extraction of antibiotic use (choice and duration) and severity metrics. RESEARCH DESIGN: Retrospective...
April 17, 2018: Medical Care
Anthony H Barnett, Simon Arnoldini, Barnaby Hunt, Gowri Subramanian, Christina Stentoft Hoxer
AIMS: The recent LIRA-SWITCH trial showed that switching from sitagliptin 100 mg to liraglutide 1.8 mg led to statistically significant and clinically relevant improvements in glycated haemoglobin (HbA1C) and body mass index (BMI). Based on these findings, the aim of the present study was to assess the long-term cost-effectiveness of switching from sitagliptin to liraglutide in patients with type 2 diabetes in the UK. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The IQVIA CORE Diabetes Model Version 8...
April 13, 2018: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
Suzanne Laplante, Dilip U Makhija, Sibyl H Munson, Victor S Khangulov, Fred W Peyerl, Scott M Paluszkiewicz, Aditi J Ravindranath, Carol R Schermer
BACKGROUND: There is growing evidence of the benefits of intravenous fluid therapy with balanced crystalloids over 0.9% 'normal' saline. This analysis evaluated the economic impact of increasing usage of a calcium-free balanced crystalloid solution (BAL) in patients with systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) on an annual hospital budget. METHODS: An Excel® -based economic model was developed to estimate costs associated with increased BAL usage (i.e., use in a greater proportion of patients), from the US hospital perspective, over a 5-year time horizon...
September 4, 2017: PharmacoEconomics Open
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