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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728384/analysis-of-low-marbled-hanwoo-cow-meat-aged-with-different-dry-aging-methods
#1
Hyun Jung Lee, Ju-Hui Choe, Kwan Tae Kim, Jungmin Oh, Da Gyeom Lee, Ki Moon Kwon, Yang Il Choi, Cheorun Jo
Objective: Different dry-aging methods [traditional dry-aging (TD), simplified dry-aging (SD), and SD in an aging bag (SDB)] were compared to investigate the possible use of SD and/or SDB in practical situations. Methods: Sirloins from 48 Hanwoo cows were frozen (Control, 2 days postmortem) or dry-aged for 28 days using the different aging methods and then analyzed for chemical composition, total aerobic bacteria count, shear force, inosine 5'-monophosphate (IMP) and free amino acid content, and sensory properties...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728383/potential-influence-of-csn3-and-lgb-genes-in-genetic-association-studies-of-milk-quality-traits
#2
José Luis Zepeda-Batista, Luis Antonio Saavedra-Jiménez, Agustín Ruíz-Flores, Rafael Núñez-Domínguez, Rodolfo Ramírez-Valverde
Objective: From a review of published information on genetic association studies, a meta-analysis was conducted to determine the influence of the genes CSN3 (κ-casein) and LGB (β-lactoglobulin) on milk yield traits in Holstein, Jersey, Brown Swiss, and Fleckvieh. Methods: The GLIMMIX procedure was used to analyze milk production and percentage of milk protein and fat by trait. Models included the main effects and all their possible two-way interactions; not estimable effects and non-significant (p>0...
June 26, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728374/analysis-of-metabolomic-patterns-in-thoroughbreds-before-and-after-exercise
#3
Hyun-Jun Jang, Duk-Moon Kim, Kyu-Bong Kim, Jeong-Woong Park, Jae-Young Choi, Jin Hyeog Oh, Ki-Duk Song, Suhkmann Kim, Byung-Wook Cho
Objective: Evaluation of exercise effects in racehorse is important in horseracing industry and animal health care. In this study, we compared metabolic patterns between before and after exercise to screen metabolic biomarkers for exercise effects in thoroughbreds. Methods: The concentration of metabolites in muscle, plasma, and urine was measured by 1H NMR spectroscopy analysis and the relative metabolite levels in the three samples were compared between before and after exercise...
June 27, 2017: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728352/the-association-between-physical-activity-and-atrial-fibrillation-applying-heaviside-function-in-survival-analysis-the-multi-ethnic-study-of-atherosclerosis-mesa
#4
Yaser Mokhayeri, Seyed Saeed Hashemi Nazari, Mohammad Ali Mansournia, Hamid Soori, Soheila Khodakarim
Objectives: Although the effect of physical activity (PA) on the incidence of atrial fibrillation (AF) has been studied, contradictory results have been reported. These seemingly different results may reflect alternate effects of different types of PA upon AF as well as gender interactions. Therefore, we aimed to evaluate the association of PA types namely total, moderate/vigorous, intentional, as well as walking pace on AF risk, in men and women. Methods: Using the MESA Typical Week Physical Activity Survey, three PA measures and walking pace among 6487 men and women aged 45-84 years were calculated...
June 18, 2017: Epidemiology and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728323/analysis-of-the-legal-effect-of-settlement-agreements-prepared-in-medical-litigation-following-plastic-surgery-in-korea
#5
Jung Woo Kwon, Bo Young Park, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: Settlements between doctors and patients provide a solution to complicated disputes. However, some disputes may be renewed as a result of negligence by both parties. The purpose of this study was to review the legal issues that may potentially arise during the preparation of settlement agreements and to propose a list of requirements for ensuring the effectiveness of these settlement agreements. METHODS: Data from 287 civil cases concerning aesthetic surgery that took place between 2000 and 2015 were collected from a court database in South Korea...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728306/-interpretation-of-guidance-for-establishing-the-performance-characteristics-of-in-vitro-diagnostic-devices-for-the-detection-or-detection-and-differentiation-of-high-risk-human-papillomaviruses-issued-by-food-and-drug-administration-of-united-states-and-china
#6
R M Feng, W Chen, Y L Qiao
To establish the standardization of clinical verification designs for in vitro diagnostic devices(IVDs) of human papillomavirus, China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) and United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued guidelines of detailed study designs and effectiveness evaluation for accuracy validation and clinical performance of nucleic acid detection, respectively, including triage of a typical squamous cells of undetermined significance(ASC-US) patients and validation of combined screening and preliminary screening...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728298/-the-prognostic-analysis-of-hepatocellular-carcinoma-based-on-the-tumor-neo-vessels-macrophages-and-%C3%AE-sma-in-tumor-microenvironment
#7
M Fang, J P Yuan, L L Liu, G P Cheng, H J Ying, Y M Chen, M Chen
Objective: To analyze the quantitative expression and prognostic significance of tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts in tumor microenvironment of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods: The clinic-pathological features and tissue samples for 101 HCC cases were collected. Immunohistochemistry was used to stain the tumor neo-vessels, macrophages and fibroblasts on tumor tissue. The distribution results and quantitative data of above key components were acquired by inverted microscopy equipped with CRi Nuance multispectral analysis system...
July 23, 2017: Zhonghua Zhong Liu za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Oncology]
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728286/-corneal-astigmatism-among-2-085-age-related-cataract-patients-before-surgery
#8
Y Wang, M Ke, T Zheng, J Zhang, W H Wang, S Y Wu
Objective: To investigate the characteristics and distribution of corneal astigmatism before surgery among age-related cataract patients in the Hubei area. Methods: Retrospective study. From January 1, 2012 to July 31, 2016, IOL Master measurements of all qualified cataract surgery candidates were retrospectively collected. Descriptive statistical analysis was used to assess the degree, distribution and type of corneal astigmatism. Kolmogorov-Smirnov (K-S) test was used to evaluate the normal distribution of variables...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728284/-association-of-diabetic-retinopathy-with-diabetic-peripheral-neuropathy-in-type-2-diabetic-patients-the-beijing-desheng-diabetic-eye-disease-study
#9
W W Wei, X F Yang, H Gu, N P Liu
Objective: To determine the prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic peripheral neuropathy (DPN) in the Beijing Desheng Diabetic Eye Disease Study cohort and to investigate the association between DR and DPN. Methods: Cross-sectional study in a type 2 diabetic cohort. Questionnaires were collected and physical examinations were performed. Ophthalmologic examinations consisted of visual acuity with pinhole, slit-lamp examination of the anterior segment and seven-field 30(o) mydriatic fundus photography...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728282/-epidemiologic-study-of-tear-film-lipid-layer-thickness-measurement-in-the-population-of-taishitun-community-in-beijing
#10
Q F Liang, X H Du, Y D Su, N L Wang, Z J Wei, Antoine Labbé
Objective: To investigate the distribution of tear film lipid layer thickness (LLT) and the relationship between symptoms and signs of dry eye and tear film LLT in the population of Taishitun Community in Beijing. Methods: A cross-sectional study. From May 2016 to August 2016, three streets of Taishitun Community were randomly selected as survey districts and 540 persons were taken as investigation subjects. Every participant completed 6 items of dry eye examinations as follows: questionnaire (Ocular Surface Disease Index, OSDI), measurement of tear film LLT, tear film break-up time (TBUT), corneal and conjunctival staining, SchirmerⅠtest and the infrared meibomian photography...
July 11, 2017: [Zhonghua Yan Ke za Zhi] Chinese Journal of Ophthalmology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728261/-characteristics-of-the-joint-involvement-in-fibrodysplasia-ossificans-progressiva-and-follow-up
#11
J Zhu, Y Liu, Y Yang, J M Lai, G X Su, M Kang, S N Li, Z X Zhou, F Q Wu
Objective: To summarize the clinical data of 15 patients with fibrodysplasia ossificans progressiva (FOP), follow up and analyze the characteristics of the joint involvement in FOP. Method: From May 2005 to December 2016, fifteen FOP cases had been diagnosed in the Children's Hospital Capital Institute of Pediatrics. All medical records and follow-up data were collected and a retrospective analysis was made on the joint involvement in FOP. Pearson correlation analysis was used for data, P<0.05 for the difference was statistically significant...
July 2, 2017: Zhonghua Er Ke za Zhi. Chinese Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728242/-expression-and-significance-of-pepsin-in-lingual-tonsil-hypertrophy
#12
Y Q Deng, L Wang, H H Chen, J J Tan, C K Gao, X X Huang, X Y Han, X P Li
Objective: To discuss the relationship between lingual tonsil hypertrophy and laryngopharyngeal reflux. Methods: Ninety-two patients who received throat surgery in Nanfang Hospital between October 2015 and October 2016 were enrolled. Twenty-six healthy volunteers were recruited as normal controls. All participants were assessed with the reflux finding score(RFS) and the size of lingual tonsils were evaluated using a clinical grading system proposed by Friedman under electronic laryngoscope. The score of reflux symptom index(RSI), personal history and medical history were gathered...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728240/-the-implantation-of-bonebridge-in-bilateral-congenital-malformation-of-external-and-middle-ear
#13
S Q Zhao, R Ren, D M Han, Y Li, X B Ma, D N Wang, Y L Li
Objective: To evaluate the auditory efficacy of Bonebridge implantation in patients with bilateral congenital malformation of external and middle ear. Methods: Eleven cases (6 males and 5 females) had unilateral Bonebridge implantation. The age ranged from 8 to 26 and the average age was 16.9. Seven to ten days after operation, the first fitting was undergone. In acoustic sound field, the average auditory thresholds were respectively measured for unaided ears and Bonebridge implanted ears by pure tone auditory (PTA, 0...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728238/-the-comparation-of-establishing-the-allergic-rhinitis-model-between-kunming-mice-and-balb-c-mice
#14
X Gao, N Li, J S Zhang, F He
Objective: To discusses the feasibility of establishing the allergic rhinitis (AR) model in Kunming mice. Methods: Kunming mice (n=20) and BALB/c mice (n=20) were sensitized and motivated by ovalbumin (OVA) and aluminium hydroxide. The symptoms rating scale (symptoms score>5 as successful model) was used to evaluate AR symptoms of two kinds of mice after the AR model were set up. The differences of OVA serum specific IgE (OVA-sIgE) and the levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4) in Kunming mice model group and Kunming mice blank group were evaluated, the symptom scores, OVA serum specific IgE (OVA-sIgE) and the levels of interleukin 4 (IL-4) of successful model of Kunming mice and BALB/c mice were compared, and the difference between two kinds of animal models...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728236/-epidemiological-investigation-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-ningxia
#15
X L Shen, D Zhao, X H Yan, P Yang, N Y Feng, W L Wen, H Y Ha, Z C Yang, L L Di, H Q Guo, H T Liu, R X Ma
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Ningxia and to analyze its related factors. Methods: From March to September of 2013, a multi-stage and cluster sampling method was used to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AR in Ningxia Area (3 years and above). Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009, Wuyishan) was used as the basis for the diagnosis of adult AR, while Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis (2010, Chongqing) was used as the basis for children...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728092/checking-the-predictive-accuracy-of-basic-symptoms-against-ultra-high-risk-criteria-and-testing-of-a-multivariable-prediction-model-evidence-from-a-prospective-three-year-observational-study-of-persons-at-clinical-high-risk-for-psychosis
#16
M P Hengartner, K Heekeren, D Dvorsky, S Walitza, W Rössler, A Theodoridou
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to critically examine the prognostic validity of various clinical high-risk (CHR) criteria alone and in combination with additional clinical characteristics. METHODS: A total of 188 CHR positive persons from the region of Zurich, Switzerland (mean age 20.5 years; 60.2% male), meeting ultra high-risk (UHR) and/or basic symptoms (BS) criteria, were followed over three years. The test battery included the Structured Interview for Prodromal Syndromes (SIPS), verbal IQ and many other screening tools...
June 3, 2017: European Psychiatry: the Journal of the Association of European Psychiatrists
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728056/sequence-based-diversity-of-23-autosomal-str-loci-in-koreans-investigated-using-an-in-house-massively-parallel-sequencing-panel
#17
Eun Hye Kim, Hwan Young Lee, So Yeun Kwon, Eun Young Lee, Woo Ick Yang, Kyoung-Jin Shin
As DNA databases continue to grow and international cooperation increases, forensic STR loci have expanded to increase the discriminatory power and inter-database compatibility. Current capillary electrophoresis (CE) and/or massively parallel sequencing (MPS)-based commercial STR analysis systems reflect such changing trends of expanding STR loci. Due to the general gains of larger multiplexing and the detection of sequence variation, the application of MPS technology to STR analysis has further improved discrimination and is expected to aid in mixture interpretation by increasing the effective number of alleles...
July 9, 2017: Forensic Science International. Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727994/retrospective-evaluation-of-the-procedural-sedation-practices-of-expert-nurses-during-abortion-care
#18
Monica R McLemore, E Angel Aztlan
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the provision of procedural sedation during abortion by expert nurses and to describe the factors that are associated with time to discharge for women who receive this sedation. DESIGN: Retrospective chart review. METHODS: Descriptive statistics were generated to describe a retrospective cohort of women presenting for abortion under procedural sedation. Analysis of variance was used to determine significant characteristics that influenced time to discharge...
July 17, 2017: Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic, and Neonatal Nursing: JOGNN
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727957/awareness-of-state-legislation-on-naloxone-accessibility-associated-with-willingness-to-prescribe-naloxone
#19
Olihe N Okoro, Karen M Bastianelli, Ya-Feng Wen, Elisabeth F Bilden, Brian K Konowalchuk, Mark E Schneiderhan
BACKGROUND: Increasing rates of opioid-related deaths, state naloxone-legislation changes, and negativity prompted investigation of predictive factors associated with willingness to prescribe naloxone to populations at risk of overdose including knowledge of risk factors, assessment of persons at risk, awareness of legislative changes, perceptions of professional responsibility, and confidence around naloxone prescribing and distribution. METHODS: Cross-sectional, web-based, anonymous, voluntary survey to prescribers of two regional healthcare systems serving urban and rural North Dakota, northern Minnesota, and northwestern Wisconsin...
July 20, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727835/conflicting-relationship-between-age-dependent-disorders-valvular-heart-disease-and-coronary-artery-disease-by-covariance-structure-analysis-possible-contribution-of-natriuretic-peptide
#20
Risa Fukumoto, Makoto Kawai, Kosuke Minai, Kazuo Ogawa, Jun Yoshida, Yasunori Inoue, Satoshi Morimoto, Toshikazu Tanaka, Tomohisa Nagoshi, Takayuki Ogawa, Michihiro Yoshimura
BACKGROUND: It is conceivable that contemporary valvular heart disease (VHD) is affected largely by an age-dependent atherosclerotic process, which is similar to that observed in coronary artery disease (CAD). However, a comorbid condition of VHD and CAD has not been precisely examined. The first objective of this study was to examine a possible comorbid condition. Provided that there is no comorbidity, the second objective was to search for the possible reasons by using conventional risk factors and plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) because BNP has a potentiality to suppress atherosclerotic development...
2017: PloS One
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