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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637334/new-predictor-of-aortic-enlargement-in-uncomplicated-type-b-aortic-dissection-based-on-elliptic-fourier-analysis
#1
Hiroshi Sato, Toshiro Ito, Yosuke Kuroda, Hiroki Uchiyama, Toshitaka Watanabe, Naomi Yasuda, Junji Nakazawa, Ryo Harada, Nobuyoshi Kawaharada
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to re-examine the conventional predictive factors for dissected aortic enlargement, such as the aortic and false lumen diameter and to consider whether the morphological elements of the dissected aorta could be predictors by quantifying the 'shape' of the true lumen based on elliptic Fourier analysis. METHODS: A total of 80 patients with uncomplicated type B aortic dissection were included. The patients were divided into 'Enlargement group' and 'No Change group...
May 22, 2017: European Journal of Cardio-thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637308/three-dimensional-right-ventricular-regional-deformation-and-survival-in-pulmonary-hypertension
#2
Pamela Moceri, Nicolas Duchateau, Delphine Baudouy, Elie-Dan Schouver, Sylvie Leroy, Fabien Squara, Emile Ferrari, Maxime Sermesant
Aims: Survival in pulmonary hypertension (PH) relates to right ventricular (RV) function. However, the RV unique anatomy and structure limit 2D analysis and its regional 3D function has not been studied yet. The aim of this study was to assess the implications of global and regional 3D RV deformation on clinical condition and survival in adults with PH and healthy controls. Methods and results: We collected a prospective longitudinal cohort of 104 consecutive PH patients and 34 healthy controls between September 2014 and December 2015...
June 15, 2017: European Heart Journal Cardiovascular Imaging
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637282/the-effect-of-predisposing-atheroembolic-risk-factors-on-renal-functional-recovery-between-laparoscopy-and-open-technique-in-patients-with-t1-stage-renal-cell-carcinoma-who-underwent-partial-nephrectomy-a-retrospective-comparison-study
#3
Sung Han Kim, Jae Young Joung, Ho Kyung Seo, Kang Hyun Lee, Jinsoo Chung
Objective: The present study aimed to determine the effect of an increasing number of predisposing atheroembolic risk factors on the development of chronic kidney disease (CKD) after partial nephrectomy (PN) in patients with T1-stage renal cell carcinoma (RCC). Methods: The study included 147 patients with T1-stage RCC with a normal contralateral kidney and without preoperative CKD, who underwent open (OPN, N = 83, 56.5%) or laparoscopic PN (LPN, N = 64, 43.5%) between 2003 and 2014...
June 14, 2017: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637215/managerial-ownership-in-nursing-homes-staffing-quality-and-financial-performance
#4
Sean Shenghsiu Huang, John R Bowblis
Purpose of the Study: Ownership of nursing homes (NHs) has primarily focused broadly on differences between for-profit (FP), nonprofit (NFP), and government-operated facilities. Yet, among FPs, the understanding of detailed ownership structures at individual NHs is rather limited. Particularly, NH administrators may hold significant equity interests in their facilities, leading to heterogeneous financial incentives and NH outcomes. Through the principal-agent theory, this article studies how managerial ownership of individual facilities affects NH outcomes...
June 20, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637193/effect-of-intensive-personalized-5as-5rs-intervention-on-smoking-cessation-in-hospitalized-acute-coronary-syndrome-patients-not-ready-to-quit-immediately-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#5
Jing-Guang Luo, Ling Han, Li-Wei Chen, Yun Gao, Xiao-Jun Ding, Ying Li, Ye Ja, Ming Yang, Chang-Sheng Ma
Introduction: The acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients who are not ready to quit smoking immediately have an extremely low rate of cessation. This study aims to investigate the efficacy of intensive personalized '5As+5Rs'intervention (IPANR intervention) on smoking cessation in this population. Methods: A parallel-group randomized controlled trial was carried out, which compared IPANR intervention with routine 5Rs (control) at Fu Xing Hospital, Capital Medical University, Bei Jing, China...
June 20, 2017: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637187/identification-of-pulmonary-vein-reconnection-gaps-with-high-density-mapping-in-redo-atrial-fibrillation-ablation-procedures
#6
Ignacio García-Bolao, Gabriel Ballesteros, Pablo Ramos, Diego Menéndez, Ane Erkiaga, Renzo Neglia, Marta Jiménez Martín, Enrique Vives-Rodríguez
Aims: Maps obtained by means of electroanatomic high-density mapping (HDM) systems have shown their use in the identification of conduction gaps in experimental atrial linear lesion models. The objective of this study was to assess the use of HDM in the recognition of reconnection gaps in pulmonary veins (PV) in redo atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation procedures. Methods and results: One hundred and eight patients were included in a non-randomized study that assessed the recognition of reconnection gaps in PV by means of HDM compared to a control group that received conventional non-fluoroscopic guidance with a circular multipolar catheter (CMC)...
June 20, 2017: Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637148/pure-tone-hearing-profiles-in-children-with-otitis-media-with-effusion
#7
Ting Cai, Bradley McPherson, Caiwei Li, Feng Yang
INTRODUCTION: Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a common middle ear disease in children. The associated conductive hearing loss is a major concern for hearing health professionals. The aim of the present study was to describe the configuration of pure tone audiograms of children with OME and to design a statistical stratification algorithm to facilitate hearing loss profiling in children with OME. METHODS: School age children with OME were recruited. Bone and air conduction thresholds were obtained using standard procedures...
February 25, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637124/recovery-and-creative-practices-in-people-with-severe-mental-illness-evaluating-well-being-and-social-inclusion
#8
Javier Saavedra, Elvira Pérez, Paul Crawford, Samuel Arias
PURPOSE: This mixed (quantitative-qualitative) study evaluates the impact of an artistic workshop on a group of people with severe mental illness (SMI). This study focuses on the impact of creative practices on well-being and social inclusion outcomes. METHOD: After participating in a creative workshop, 31 people diagnosed with a SMI completed pre/post-intervention measures, namely, the Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Well-Being Scale and the Social Inclusion questionnaire...
February 6, 2017: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637109/closing-the-dura-dural-hitching-versus-surgicel-and-tisseel-overlay-graft-in-craniocervicaldecompression-for-chiari-1-malformation
#9
Michael Tonkins, Naeem Farooqi, Rohan Ahmed, Saurabh Sinha, Debapriya Bhattacharyya
BACKGROUND: This study compares dural hitching to surgicel and tisseel overlay graft following craniocervical decompression and C1 laminectomy with simple durotomy for Chiari I malformation. Outcome measures were syrinx decompression, headache resolution and complication rates. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of case notes was conducted. Patients who had undergone craniocervical decompression (CCD) were grouped by method of dural closure. Outcomes compared were rates of syrinx decompression, headache resolution, and post-operative complications...
March 2, 2017: British Journal of Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28637026/clinic-characteristics-of-psoriasis-in-china-a-nationwide-survey-in-over-12000-patients
#10
Kun Chen, Gang Wang, Hongzhong Jin, Jinhua Xu, Xuejun Zhu, Min Zheng, Heng Gu
Psoriasis is a worldwide chronic inflammatory disease, involving both skin and joints. In order to characterize psoriasis in Han Chinese population, we conducted this nationwide prospective and hospital based survey, in which 56 hospitals with departments of dermatology participated, located in 33 cities across China. A total of 12,031 outpatients with psoriasis were registered during 2009 to 2010, which the data was collected by standard questionnaires. The main data acquisition included demographics, family history, disease status and other comorbidities...
June 12, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636986/the-positivity-of-g-protein-coupled-receptor-30-gpr-30-an-alternative-estrogen-receptor-is-not-different-between-type-1-and-type-2-endometrial-cancer
#11
Jiayi Wan, Yongxiang Yin, Min Zhao, Fang Shen, Miaoxin Chen, Qi Chen
It is well-known that the clinical outcomes are different between type 1 (estrogen dependent) and type 2 (estrogen independent) endometrial cancer. Studies have suggested that the estrogen receptor (ER) is positively correlated with endometrial cancer survival, however we previously reported that there is no difference in the positivity of ER as well as sex hormone levels between subtypes of cancer. G-protein-coupled receptor-30 (GPR 30), an alternative estrogen receptor has been suggested to be negatively correlated with clinical outcomes of endometrial cancer...
June 17, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636922/an-experimental-framework-for-quantifying-bacterial-tolerance
#12
Asher Brauner, Noam Shoresh, Ofer Fridman, Nathalie Q Balaban
Antibiotic tolerance and persistence are often associated with treatment failure and relapse, yet are poorly characterized. In distinction from resistance, which is measured using the minimum inhibitory concentration metric, tolerance and persistence values are not currently evaluated in the clinical setting, and so are overlooked when a course of treatment is prescribed. In this article, we introduce a metric and an automated experimental framework for measuring tolerance and persistence. The tolerance metric is the minimum duration for killing 99% of the population, MDK99, which can be evaluated by a statistical analysis of measurements performed manually or using a robotic system...
June 20, 2017: Biophysical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636642/in-vivo-evaluation-of-inter-operator-reproducibility-of-digital-dental-and-conventional-impression-techniques
#13
Emi Kamimura, Shinpei Tanaka, Masayuki Takaba, Keita Tachi, Kazuyoshi Baba
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to evaluate and compare the inter-operator reproducibility of three-dimensional (3D) images of teeth captured by a digital impression technique to a conventional impression technique in vivo. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve participants with complete natural dentition were included in this study. A digital impression of the mandibular molars of these participants was made by two operators with different levels of clinical experience, 3 or 16 years, using an intra-oral scanner (Lava COS, 3M ESPE)...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636626/digestible-lysine-requirements-of-male-broilers-from-1-to-42-days-of-age-reassessed
#14
Henrique Scher Cemin, Sergio Luiz Vieira, Catarina Stefanello, Marcos Kipper, Liris Kindlein, Ariane Helmbrecht
Three experiments were conducted separately to estimate the digestible Lys (dig. Lys) requirements of Cobb × Cobb 500 male broilers using different statistical models. For each experiment, 1,200 chicks were housed in 48 floor pens in a completely randomized design with 6 treatments and 8 replicates. Broilers were fed diets with increasing dig. Lys levels from 1 to 12 d (Exp. 1), from 12 to 28 d (Exp. 2), and 28 to 42 d (Exp. 3). Increasing dig. Lys levels were equally spaced from 0.97 to 1.37% in Exp. 1, 0...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636578/human-neuropsin-gene-in-depression
#15
Kinga Bobińska, Joanna Mossakowska-Wójcik, Janusz Szemraj, Piotr Gałecki, Marlena Zajączkowska, Monika Talarowska
BACKGROUND: Neuropsin (NP, kallikrein 8, KLK8) - a kallikrein gene-related (KLK) endoprotease - plays a key role in neuroplasticity processes, since intracellular signal cascades and regulation of gene expression are engaged in long-term synaptic plasticity. The main aim of this paper is to compare expression of the human neuropsin gene on the mRNA level in a group of patients diagnosed with depression and in a group of healthy subjects who have never been treated psychiatrically. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: 291 people, aged 18-67, were qualified to participate in the experiment: major recurrent depression group (MRD) and the control group (CG)...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636576/vitamin-d-levels-and-vitamin-d-receptor-gene-polymorphism-in-major-depression
#16
Merve Şahin Can, Hayriye Baykan, Özgür Baykan, Nevin Erensoy, Tunay Karlıdere
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study is to evaluate vitamin D levels and rs2228570 (FokI) polymorphism of vitamin D in patients with established diagnosis of major depressive disorder in order to investigate the impact of vitamin D levels and genetic polymorphisms on etiology and/or severity of the disease. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The study included 86 patients who were diagnosed with major depressive disorder in Hospital of Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Psychiatry, and 89 healthy volunteers with similar age, sex, education level and BMI...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636572/mood-symptoms-in-stabilized-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-bipolar-type-with-predominant-psychotic-features
#17
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Dina Popovic, Mariela Mosheva, Melina Siamouli, Katerina Moutou, Xenia Gonda
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are traditionally distinguished on the basis of progressive deterioration and long-term outcome, but a more dimensional approach is warranted. There are limited data on the occurrence of manic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to search for patterns in the clinical symptomatology, which may suggest the presence of one or several mood disorders under the label of schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hundred-seventy-five patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-5 were included in the study...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636557/surgical-management-for-follicular-variant-of-papillary-thyroid-carcinoma
#18
Jianing Tang, Deguang Kong, Lupin Bu, Gaosong Wu
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: For most patients with follicular variant of papillary thyroid carcinoma (FVPTC), surgery is required, while the surgical management remains controversial. We aim to further understanding of treatment of FVPTC and to determine whether specific features could be identified for the decision of surgical strategy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Data were obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program database during 2003 and 2013...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636536/intake-of-red-and-processed-meat-and-risk-of-renal-cell-carcinoma-a-meta-analysis-of-observational-studies
#19
Shaojing Zhang, Qingwei Wang, Juanjuan He
BACKGROUND: Findings on the association between intake of red and processed meat with renal cell carcinoma (RCC) risk are mixed. We conducted a meta-analysis to investigate this association. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Eligible studies up to August 31, 2016, were identified and retrieved by searching the MEDLINE and Embase databases along with manual review of the reference lists from the retrieved studies. The quality of the included studies was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Quality Assessment Scale...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636535/the-correlation-of-neutrophil-to-lymphocyte-ratio-with-the-presence-and-activity-of-myasthenia-gravis
#20
De-Hao Yang, Mei-Zi Qian, Mao-Mao Wei, Jia Li, Meng-Meng Yu, Xue-Mian Lu, Hong Yang, Hai Lin, Xiang Li, Jun-Yan Zhu, Xu Zhang
Though the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG) is not fully understood, the role of inflammation has been well appreciated in the development of MG. We aimed to investigate the role of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in MG patients and the relationship between the NLR and the activity of the disease. A total number of 172 MG patients and 207 healthy controls (HC) were enrolled in this study. The MG patients were divided into tertiles according to NLR (low NLR < 1.58, n = 57; intermediate NLR 1.58-2...
June 16, 2017: Oncotarget
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