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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088806/effects-of-aloe-sterol-supplementation-on-skin-elasticity-hydration-and-collagen-score-a-12-week-double-blind-randomized-controlled-trial
#1
Miyuki Tanaka, Yuki Yamamoto, Eriko Misawa, Kazumi Nabeshima, Marie Saito, Koji Yamauchi, Fumiaki Abe, Fukumi Furukawa
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Our previous study confirmed that Aloe sterol stimulates collagen and hyaluronic acid production in human dermal fibroblasts. This study aims to investigate whether Aloe sterol intake affects skin conditions. METHODS: We performed a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study to evaluate the effects of oral Aloe sterol supplementation on skin elasticity, hydration, and the collagen score in 64 healthy women (age range 30-59 years; average 44...
January 14, 2017: Skin Pharmacology and Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088798/the-intracranial-b2leed3s-score-and-the-risk-of-intracranial-hemorrhage-in-ischemic-stroke-patients-under-antiplatelet-treatment
#2
Pierre Amarenco, Leila Sissani, Julien Labreuche, Eric Vicaut, Marie Germaine Bousser, Angel Chamorro, Marc Fisher, Ian Ford, Kim M Fox, Michael G Hennerici, Heinrich Mattle, Peter M Rothwell, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Hans-Christoph Diener, Ralph L Sacco, Jacoba P Greving, Ale Algra
BACKGROUND: Chronic antiplatelet therapy in the post-acute phase of non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke is limited by the risk of intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) complications. METHODS: We developed an ICH risk score based on the PERFORM trial cohort (n = 19,100), which included patients with a non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack, and externally validated this score in one contemporary trial of very similar size and inclusion criteria, the PRoFESS trial (n = 20,332 patients)...
January 14, 2017: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088765/allo-allo-triploid-sphagnum-%C3%A3-falcatulum-single-individuals-contain-most-of-the-holantarctic-diversity-for-ancestrally-indicative-markers
#3
Eric F Karlin, Peter E Smouse
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Allopolyploids exhibit both different levels and different patterns of genetic variation than are typical of diploids. However, scant attention has been given to the partitioning of allelic information and diversity in allopolyploids, particularly that among homeologous monoploid components of the hologenome. Sphagnum × falcatulum is a double allopolyploid peat moss that spans a considerable portion of the Holantarctic. With monoploid genomes from three ancestral species, this organism exhibits a complex evolutionary history involving serial inter-subgeneric allopolyploidizations...
January 14, 2017: Annals of Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088709/characterization-of-smokeless-powders-using-multiplexed-collision-induced-dissociation-mass-spectrometry-and-chemometric-procedures
#4
Kristen L Reese, A Daniel Jones, Ruth Waddell Smith
This work demonstrates a non-targeted mass spectrometry approach for identification of organic compounds in smokeless powders. Unburned powders were removed from various commercial ammunitions of different brand, primer composition, caliber, and age. The unburned powders and corresponding fired residues were analyzed by liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-time-of-flight mass spectrometry (LC-APCI-TOFMS). Multiplexed collision-induced dissociation was performed at increasing collision potentials resulting in successive fragmentation that provided structural information for compound identification in a non-targeted manner...
December 21, 2016: Forensic Science International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088693/reinforcement-of-a-pmma-resin-for-interim-fixed-prostheses-with-silica-nanoparticles
#5
Marianthi Topouzi, Eleana Kontonasaki, Dimitrios Bikiaris, Lambrini Papadopoulou, Konstantinos M Paraskevopoulos, Petros Koidis
PURPOSE: Fractures in long span provisional/interim restorations are a common complication. Adequate fracture toughness is necessary to resist occlusal forces and crack propagation, so these restorations should be constructed with materials of improved mechanical properties. The aim of this study was to investigate the possible reinforcement of neat silica nanoparticles and trietoxyvinylsilane-modified silica nanoparticles in a PMMA resin for fixed interim restorations. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Composite PMMA-Silica nanoparticles powders were mixed with PMMA liquid and compact bar shaped specimens were fabricated according to the British standard BS EN ISO 127337:2005...
January 9, 2017: Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088600/development-and-validation-of-a-methodology-to-reduce-mortality-using-the-veterans-administration-surgical-quality-improvement-program-risk-calculator
#6
Deborah S Keller, Donald Kroll, Harry T Papaconstantinou, C Neal Ellis
BACKGROUND: To identify patients with a high risk of 30 day mortality after elective surgery that may benefit from referral for tertiary care, an institution-specific process using the Veterans Administration Surgical Quality Improvement Program (VASQIP) Risk Calculator was developed. The goal was to develop and validate the methodology. Our hypothesis was the process could optimize referrals and reduce mortality. STUDY DESIGN: A VASQIP risk score was calculated for all patients undergoing elective non-cardiac surgery at a single Veteran's Administration (VA) facility...
January 11, 2017: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088560/role-of-comorbidities-and-in-hospital-complications-in-short-term-status-epilepticus-outcome
#7
Marco Belluzzo, Giovanni Furlanis, Lara Stragapede, Fabrizio Monti
OBJECTIVE: pre-morbid patient conditions and hospitalization complications possibly play a role in status epilepticus short-term outcome, although evidence is incomplete and non-conclusive. The study's aim was to define whether comorbidities and in-hospital complications arising after status epilepticus affect its prognosis. METHODS: A retrospective single center study was carried out. All selected patients were adults presenting an EEG-proven status epilepticus episode between 2003 and 2014...
December 30, 2016: Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088557/meta-analysis-of-organizational-skills-interventions-for-children-and-adolescents-with-attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder
#8
REVIEW
Aida Bikic, Brian Reichow, Spencer A McCauley, Karim Ibrahim, Denis G Sukhodolsky
BACKGROUND: In addition to problems with attention and hyperactivity, children with ADHD present with poor organizational skills required for managing time and materials in academic projects. Organizational skills training (OST) has been increasingly used to address these deficits. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of OST in children with ADHD. OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study was to systematically review the evidence of the effects of OST for children with ADHD for organizational skills, attention, and academic performance...
December 29, 2016: Clinical Psychology Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088547/traffic-related-trace-elements-in-soils-along-six-highway-segments-on-the-tibetan-plateau-influence-factors-and-spatial-variation
#9
Guanxing Wang, Chen Zeng, Fan Zhang, Yili Zhang, Christopher A Scott, Xuedong Yan
The accumulation of traffic-related trace elements in soil as the result of anthropogenic activities raises serious concerns about environmental pollution and public health. Traffic is the main source of trace elements in roadside soil on the Tibetan Plateau, an area otherwise devoid of industrial emissions. Indeed, the rapid development of tourism and transportation in this region means it is becoming increasingly important to identify the accumulation levels, influence distance, spatial distribution, and other relevant factors influencing trace elements...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088530/distribution-of-antibiotic-resistance-in-the-effluents-of-ten-municipal-wastewater-treatment-plants-in-china-and-the-effect-of-treatment-processes
#10
Weiwei Ben, Jian Wang, Rukun Cao, Min Yang, Yu Zhang, Zhimin Qiang
Municipal wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) effluents represent an important contamination source of antibiotic resistance, threatening the ecological safety of receiving environments. In this study, the release of antibiotic resistance to sulfonamides and tetracyclines in the effluents of ten WWTPs in China was investigated. Results indicate that the concentrations of antibiotic-resistant bacteria (ARB) and antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) ranged from 1.1 × 10(1) to 8.9 × 10(3) CFU mL(-1) and 3.6 × 10(1) (tetW) to 5...
January 6, 2017: Chemosphere
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088422/effects-of-clay-after-an-aflatoxin-challenge-on-aflatoxin-clearance-milk-production-and-metabolism-of-holstein-cows
#11
S A Sulzberger, S Melnichenko, F C Cardoso
Oral supplementation of clay to dairy cattle has been reported to reduce toxicity of aflatoxin (AF) in contaminated feed. The objective of this study was to determine the effects of 3 concentrations of dietary clay supplementation in response to an AF challenge. Ten multiparous rumen-cannulated Holstein cows [body weight (mean ± SD) = 669 ± 20 kg and 146 ± 69 d in milk], were assigned to 1 of 5 treatments in a randomized replicated 5 × 5 Latin square design balanced to measure carryover effects. Periods (21 d) were divided in an adaptation phase (d 1 to 14) and a measurement phase (d 15 to 21)...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Dairy Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088391/changes-in-the-cerebellar-and-cerebro-cerebellar-circuit-in-type-2-diabetes
#12
Peng Fang, Jie An, Xin Tan, Ling-Li Zeng, Hui Shen, Shijun Qiu, Dewen Hu
Currently, 422 million adults suffer from diabetes worldwide, leading to tremendous disabilities and a great burden to families and society. Functional and structural MRIs have demonstrated that patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) exhibit abnormalities in brain regions in the cerebral cortex. However, the changes of cerebellar anatomical connections in diabetic patients remains unclear. In the current study, diffusion tensor imaging deterministic tractography and statistical analysis were employed to investigate abnormal cerebellar anatomical connections in diabetic patients...
January 11, 2017: Brain Research Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088379/outcome-following-use-of-the-achillon-jig-for-the-repair-of-acutely-ruptured-achilles-tendons
#13
Howard Davies, Yuvraj Agrawal, Chris Blundell, Mark B Davies
We report a series of 143 patients who underwent limited open Achilles tendon repair using the Achillon device at a mean follow-up of 25 months. All patients attending our institution with a diagnosis of acute Achilles tendon rupture were considered for operative repair using the Achillon jig unless they declined surgery or met the exclusion criteria. Following surgery patients were contacted and asked to complete an Achilles Tendon Rupture Score (ATRS). The clinical records were reviewed for evidence of complications, demographic information and evidence of re-rupture...
January 9, 2017: Injury
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088318/correlation-of-the-hpv-detection-protein-expression-and-dna-content-in-cutaneous-pre-invasive-and-invasive-carcinoma-among-croatian-patients
#14
Kristina Meljanac Salopek, Stanko Jukić, Damir Babić
Development of cutaneous carcinomas has been associated with HPV infection. There have been various reports on p16, p53 and pRb expression in cutaneous carcinomas and on its linkage to HPV status. Association of protein expression and HPV infection with DNA content is not clear. The aim of this study was to determine a possible correlation between HPV type, protein expression and DNA content in both pre-invasive and invasive squamous cell carcinoma, as well as differences between studied groups in these parameters...
January 11, 2017: Experimental and Molecular Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088308/effect-of-various-polishing-systems-on-the-surface-roughness-and-phase-transformation-of-zirconia-and-the-durability-of-the-polishing-systems
#15
Chan Park, Mong-Sook Vang, Sang-Won Park, Hyun-Pil Lim
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM: Although many systems are used to polish zirconia, a comparison of the performance of zirconia and feldspathic porcelain polishing systems is lacking. PURPOSE: The purpose of this in vitro study was to compare the effects of 3 polishing systems on surface roughness, zirconia phase transformation, and durability of the polishing systems when applied to zirconia and feldspathic porcelain. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Three polishing systems were evaluated: Z1, a zirconia polishing system; Z2, a zirconia polishing system, and F1, a feldspathic porcelain polishing system...
January 11, 2017: Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088271/adamts-3-13-16-and-19-levels-in-patients-with-habitual-abortion
#16
Meryem Kuru Pekcan, Esma Sarıkaya, Aytekin Tokmak, Murat Alışık, Afra Alkan, Gülnur Özakşit, Özcan Erel
A disintegrin-like and metalloproteinase domain with thrombospondin-type 1 motifs (ADAMTS) protein superfamily includes 19 secreted metalloproteases. Proteolytic substrates of ADAMTS enzymes have been linked to reproductive function. The aim of this study was to investigate serum ADAMTS-3, -13, -16, and -19 levels in women with habitual abortions compared with those in healthy controls. A total of 86 women were enrolled in this prospective case-control study. ADAMTS-3, -13, -16, and -19 values were recorded and analyzed in association with demographic and clinical parameters...
January 2017: Kaohsiung Journal of Medical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088258/comparing-outcomes-from-the-two-most-recognized-acupuncturist-workforce-surveys
#17
Steven H Stumpf, Kory Ward-Cook, Clifford R Carr
OBJECTIVE: To determine the informational consistency produced by the two most recent independent surveys and draw a conclusion whether the data would be sufficient for the National Center for Health Workforce Analysis and Bureau of Labor and Statistics consideration. METHODS: This paper compares workforce outcomes collected by the two most prominent acupuncture entities that have produced the most useful acupuncturist workforce data (California Acupuncture Board 2015 Occupational Analysis and the National Certification Commission of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine® 2013 Job Analysis) at national and state levels...
January 2017: Journal of Integrative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088242/differences-in-spatial-distributions-of-iron-supplementation-use-among-pregnant-women-and-associated-factors-in-ethiopia-evidence-from-the-2011-national-population-based-survey
#18
Demewoz Haile, Lianna Tabar, Yihunie Lakew
BACKGROUND: Iron supplementation during pregnancy prevents against low birth weight, incidence of prematurity and postpartum hemorrhage. However, the coverage of iron supplementation is still low in Ethiopia. This study aimed to investigate the spatial variations and associated factors of iron supplementation during pregnancy using the 2011 national demographic and health survey data. METHODS: This study used secondary data from the 2011 Ethiopian demographic and health survey...
January 14, 2017: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088237/association-between-diabetes-mellitus-and-multi-drug-resistant-tuberculosis-a-protocol-for-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#19
Balewgizie Sileshi Tegegne, Tesfa Dejenie Habtewold, Melkamu Merid Mengesha, Johannes G M Burgerhof
INTRODUCTION: Multi-drug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a challenge to global tuberculosis (TB) control and remains a major public health concern in many countries. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is an increasingly recognized comorbidity that can both accelerate TB disease and complicate its treatment. The aim of this study is to summarize available evidence on the association of DM and MDR-TB among TB patients and to provide a pooled estimate of risks. METHODS: All studies published in English before October 2016 will be searched using comprehensive search strings through PubMed, EMBASE, Web of Science, and WHO Global Health Library databases which have reported the association of DM and MDR-TB in adults with TB (age > =15)...
January 14, 2017: Systematic Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088229/clinicopathologic-significance-of-trap1-expression-in-colorectal-cancer-a-large-scale-study-of-human-colorectal-adenocarcinoma-tissues
#20
Min Gyoung Pak, Hyong Jong Koh, Mee Sook Roh
BACKGROUND: Colorectal cancer is the major cause of cancer mortality, despite development of therapeutic strategies. The novel marker tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated protein 1 (TRAP1) is a mitochondrial heat shock protein that has been related to drug resistance and protection from apoptosis in colorectal cancer. This study aims to delineate the clinicopathologic significance of TRAP1 expression in colorectal cancer. METHODS: Seven-hundred and fourteen FFPE tissues were collected from colorectal cancer patients who underwent surgery from February 2002 to July 2011 at Dong-A University Medical Center, Busan, South Korea...
January 14, 2017: Diagnostic Pathology
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