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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29029216/diversity-and-distribution-of-cryptic-species-of-the-bemisia-tabaci-hemiptera-aleyrodidae-complex-in-pakistan
#1
Mariyam Masood, Imran Amin, Ishtiaq Hassan, Shahid Mansoor, Judith K Brown, Rob W Briddon
Bemisia tabaci (Gennadius; Hempitera: Aleyrodidae) is considered to be a cryptic (sibling) species complex, the members of which exhibit morphological invariability while being genetically and behaviorally distinct. Members of the complex are agricultural pests that cause direct damage by feeding on plants, and indirectly by transmitting viruses that cause diseases leading to reduced crop yield and quality. In Pakistan, cotton leaf curl disease, caused by multiple begomovirus species, is the most economically important viral disease of cotton...
October 4, 2017: Journal of Economic Entomology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29022156/recent-advances-in-imine-reductase-catalyzed-reactions
#2
REVIEW
Maike Lenz, Niels Borlinghaus, Leonie Weinmann, Bettina M Nestl
Imine reductases are nicotinamide-dependent enzymes that catalyze the asymmetric reduction of various imines to the corresponding amine products. Owing to the increasing roles of chiral amines and heterocyclic compounds as intermediates for pharmaceuticals, the demand for novel selective synthesis strategies is vitally important. Recent studies have demonstrated the discovery and structural characterization of a number of stereoselective imine reductase enzymes. Here, we highlight recent progress in applying imine reductases for the formation of chiral amines and heterocycles...
October 11, 2017: World Journal of Microbiology & Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29019030/cloning-and-upscale-production-of-monoamine-oxidase-n-mao-n-d5-by-pichia-pastoris
#3
Kristína Markošová, Andrea Camattari, Michal Rosenberg, Anton Glieder, Nicholas J Turner, Martin Rebroš
OBJECTIVE: To clone monoamine oxidase N, that catalyses the selective oxidative deamination or deracemisation of amines into imines, in Pichia pastoris and prove the importance of choosing the proper expression system for its recombinant production. RESULTS: Monoamine oxidase, originating from Aspergillus niger and subjected to directed evolution (MAO-N D5), was cloned and expressed in Pichia pastoris CBS7435 Mut(S) strain for the first time. Various transformants were screened at microscale level...
October 10, 2017: Biotechnology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28992128/peroxisomal-cuao%C3%AE-and-its-product-h2o2-regulate-the-distribution-of-auxin-and-iba-dependent-lateral-root-development-in-arabidopsis
#4
Yana Qu, Qing Wang, Jinhe Guo, Peipei Wang, Ping Song, Qianru Jia, Xinxin Zhang, Jörg Kudla, Wenhua Zhang, Qun Zhang
Root system architecture depends on endogenous and environmental signals, including polar transport of the phytohormone auxin, reactive oxygen species (ROS), nutrient availability, and stresses. In our study, we describe a novel Arabidopsis thaliana peroxisome-localized copper amine oxidase ζ (CuAOζ), which is highly expressed in cortical cells, and the ROS derived from CuAOζ are essential for lateral root (LR) development. Loss of CuAOζ results in retarded auxin-induced ROS generation, PINFORMED2 (PIN2)-mediated auxin transport, and LR development in response to added indole-3-butyric acid...
August 18, 2017: Journal of Experimental Botany
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940598/amine-oxidase-from-euphorbia-characias-kinetic-and-structural-characterization
#5
Francesca Pintus, Annalaura Sabatucci, Mauro Maccarrone, Enrico Dainese, Rosaria Medda
This minireview focuses on a plant copper/TPQ amine oxidase isolated from the latex of the shrub Euphorbia characias (ELAO). This enzyme has been investigated in terms of both molecular structure and kinetic mechanism. The characterization of this enzyme allowed us to identify specific amino acids and domains that play a key role in modulating substrate access into the active site of not only for ELAO but also for other plant and mammalian amine oxidases. As mammalian amine oxidases are implicated in several physiological and pathological conditions, the deep structural characterization of their active site accession mechanisms could be the starting point for the development of enzyme modulators with high therapeutic potential...
September 20, 2017: Biotechnology and Applied Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28937866/soluble-vascular-adhesion-protein-1-mediates-spermine-oxidation-as-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase-possible-role-in-proliferative-diabetic-retinopathy
#6
Miyuki Murata, Kousuke Noda, Akiko Kawasaki, Shiho Yoshida, Yoko Dong, Michiyuki Saito, Zhenyu Dong, Ryo Ando, Shohei Mori, Wataru Saito, Atsuhiro Kanda, Susumu Ishida
Purpose/Aim of the study: To explore the possible role of vascular adhesion protein-1 (VAP-1) via its enzymatic function as a semicarbazide-sensitive amine oxidase (SSAO) in the pathogenesis of proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR). MATERIALS AND METHODS: The levels of soluble VAP-1/SSAO and the unsaturated aldehyde acrolein (ACR)-conjugated protein, N(ε)-(3-formyl-3, 4-dehydropiperidino) lysine adduct (FDP-Lys), were measured in vitreous fluid samples of PDR and non-diabetic patients using ELISA...
September 22, 2017: Current Eye Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28936532/in-vitro-biocatalytic-pathway-design-orthogonal-network-for-the-quantitative-and-stereospecific-amination-of-alcohols
#7
Tanja Knaus, Luca Cariati, Marcelo F Masman, Francesco G Mutti
The direct and efficient conversion of alcohols into amines is a pivotal transformation in chemistry. Here, we present an artificial, oxidation-reduction, biocatalytic network that employs five enzymes (alcohol dehydrogenase, NADP-oxidase, catalase, amine dehydrogenase and formate dehydrogenase) in two concurrent and orthogonal cycles. The NADP-dependent oxidative cycle converts a diverse range of aromatic and aliphatic alcohol substrates to the carbonyl compound intermediates, whereas the NAD-dependent reductive aminating cycle generates the related amine products with >99% enantiomeric excess (R) and up to >99% conversion...
October 11, 2017: Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28887657/fine-mapping-of-the-soybean-aphid-resistance-genes-rag6-and-rag3c-from-glycine-soja-85-32
#8
Shichen Zhang, Zhongnan Zhang, Zixiang Wen, Cuihua Gu, Yong-Qiang Charles An, Carmille Bales, Chris DiFonzo, Qijian Song, Dechun Wang
Rag6 and Rag3c were delimited to a 49-kb interval on chromosome 8 and a 150-kb interval on chromosome 16, respectively. Structural variants in the exons of candidate genes were identified. The soybean aphid, an invasive species, has significantly threatened soybean production in North America since 2000. Host-plant resistance is known as an ideal management strategy for aphids. Two novel aphid-resistance loci, Rag6 and Rag3c, from Glycine soja 85-32, were previously detected in a 10.5-cM interval on chromosome 8 and a 7...
September 8, 2017: TAG. Theoretical and Applied Genetics. Theoretische und Angewandte Genetik
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28872871/chitosan-promoted-direct-electrochemistry-of-human-sulfite-oxidase
#9
Palraj Kalimuthu, Abdel A Belaidi, Guenter Schwarz, Paul V Bernhardt
Direct electrochemistry of human sulfite oxidase (HSO) has been achieved on carboxylate-terminated self-assembled monolayers cast on a Au working electrode in the presence of the promoter chitosan. The modified electrode facilitates a well-defined nonturnover redox response from the heme cofactor (Fe(III/II)) in 750 mM Tris, MOPS, and bicine buffer solutions. The formal redox potential of the nonturnover response varies slightly depending on the nature of the thiol monolayer on the Au electrode. Upon addition of sulfite to the cell a pronounced catalytic current from HSO-facilitated sulfite oxidation is observed...
September 21, 2017: Journal of Physical Chemistry. B
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28869871/biochemical-characterization-and-homology-modeling-of-polyamine-oxidase-from-cyanobacterium-synechocystis-sp-pcc-6803
#10
Khanittha Samasil, Leonor Lopes de Carvalho, Pirkko Mäenpää, Tiina A Salminen, Aran Incharoensakdi
The intracellular polyamine contents are regulated not only by polyamine biosynthesis and transport but also by polyamine degradation catalyzed by copper-dependent amine oxidase (DAO) and FAD-dependent polyamine oxidase (PAO). The genome sequence of Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 reveals the presence of at least one putative polyamine oxidase gene, slr5093. The open reading frame of slr5093 encoding Synechocystis polyamine oxidase (SynPAO, E.C. 1.5.3.17) was expressed in Escherichia coli. The purified recombinant enzyme had the characteristic absorption spectrum of a flavoprotein with absorbance peaks at 380 and 450 nm...
August 26, 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28853683/nocardioides-thalensis-sp-nov-isolated-from-a-desert
#11
Inam Ullah Khan, Firasat Hussain, Neeli Habib, Min Xiao, Iftikhar Ahmed, Arshia Amin, Xiao-Yang Zhi, Wen-Jun Li
A novel actinobacterial strain, designated NCCP-696T, was isolated from the Thal desert in Punjab, Pakistan, and characterized by using a polyphasic taxonomy approach. Phylogenetic analyses based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that strain NCCP-696T belongs to the genus Nocardioides and showed the highest level of sequence similarity with respect to Nocardioides panacisoliGsoil 346T (98.2 %) and less than 96.4 % to the strains of other species of the genus Nocardioides. Cells of strain NCCP-696T were Gram-positive, aerobic, non-motile rods and formed cream-coloured colonies...
August 2017: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28778066/inhibition-of-lsd1-epigenetically-attenuates-oral-cancer-growth-and-metastasis
#12
Saqer F Alsaqer, Mustafa M Tashkandi, Vinay K Kartha, Ya-Ting Yang, Yazeed Alkheriji, Andrew Salama, Xaralabos Varelas, Maria Kukuruzinska, Stefano Monti, Manish V Bais
Lysine-specific demethylase 1 (LSD1) is a nuclear histone demethylase and a member of the amine oxidase (AO) family. LSD1 is a flavin-containing AO that specifically catalyzes the demethylation of mono- and di-methylated histone H3 lysine 4 through an FAD-dependent oxidative reaction. LSD1 is inappropriately upregulated in lung, liver, brain and esophageal cancers, where it promotes cancer initiation, progression, and metastasis. However, unlike other lysine-specific demethylases, the role and specific targets of LSD1 in oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) pathogenesis remain unknown...
July 27, 2017: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764963/mapping-the-substrate-scope-of-monoamine-oxidase-mao-n-as-a-synthetic-tool-for-the-enantioselective-synthesis-of-chiral-amines
#13
Susanne Herter, Florian Medina, Simon Wagschal, Cyril Benhaïm, Friedemann Leipold, Nicholas J Turner
A library of 132 racemic chiral amines (α-substituted methylbenzylamines, benzhydrylamines, 1,2,3,4-tetrahydronaphthylamines (THNs), indanylamines, allylic and homoallylic amines, propargyl amines) was screened against the most versatile monoamine oxidase (MAO-N) variants D5, D9 and D11. MAO-N D9 exhibited the highest activity for most substrates and was applied to the deracemisation of a comprehensive set of selected primary amines. In all cases, excellent enantioselectivity was achieved (e.e. >99%) with moderate to good yields (55-80%)...
July 13, 2017: Bioorganic & Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28764769/anabolic-role-of-lysyl-oxidase-like-2-in-cartilage-of-knee-and-temporomandibular-joints-with-osteoarthritis
#14
Weam Alshenibr, Mustafa M Tashkandi, Saqer F Alsaqer, Yazeed Alkheriji, Amelia Wise, Sadanand Fulzele, Pushkar Mehra, Mary B Goldring, Louis C Gerstenfeld, Manish V Bais
BACKGROUND: Lysyl oxidase like-2 (LOXL2) is a copper-dependent amine oxidase. Our previous studies showed that LOXL2 is elevated during mouse fracture healing. The goal of this study was to evaluate the potential of LOXL2 to act as an anabolic agent in cartilage affected by osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: LOXL2 was visualized in tissues from human knee and hip joints and temporomandibular joints (TMJ) by immunofluorescence. The activity of LOXL2 in human articular and TMJ chondrocytes was assessed by cell-based assays, microarray analysis, and RT-qPCR, and LOXL2-mediated activation of NF-κB and extracellular signal-related kinase (ERK) signaling pathways was measured by western blotting...
August 2, 2017: Arthritis Research & Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28761331/antiglycation-radical-scavenging-and-semicarbazide-sensitive-amine-oxidase-inhibitory-activities-of-acetohydroxamic-acid-in-vitro
#15
Yuh-Hwa Liu, Yeh-Lin Lu, Der-Zen Liu, Wen-Chi Hou
Advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) can promote intracellular reactive oxygen species production, and the levels of AGEs are highly correlated with cardiovascular disease and diabetes complications. Acetohydroxamic acid (acetH) is a bacterial urease inhibitor drug used to treat kidney stones and infections in the urinary tract, and hydroxyurea (HU) is a drug used for antineoplasm and sickle cell diseases. Both acetH and HU are hydroxamic acid derivatives. It was found that acetH and HU at 2.5 or 5 mM showed anti-AGE formation by lowering the AGEs' fluorescent intensities and N(ε)-(carboxymethyl)lysine formation in bovine serum albumin/galactose models, and both showed better and significant differences (P<0...
2017: Drug Design, Development and Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28759019/copper-import-in-escherichia-coli-by-the-yersiniabactin-metallophore-system
#16
Eun-Ik Koh, Anne E Robinson, Nilantha Bandara, Buck E Rogers, Jeffrey P Henderson
Copper plays a dual role as a nutrient and a toxin during bacterial infections. While uropathogenic Escherichia coli (UPEC) strains can use the copper-binding metallophore yersiniabactin (Ybt) to resist copper toxicity, Ybt also converts bioavailable copper to Cu(II)-Ybt in low-copper conditions. Although E. coli have long been considered to lack a copper import pathway, we observed Ybt-mediated copper import in UPEC using canonical Fe(III)-Ybt transport proteins. UPEC removed copper from Cu(II)-Ybt with subsequent re-export of metal-free Ybt to the extracellular space...
September 2017: Nature Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722470/novel-potent-inhibitors-of-the-histone-demethylase-kdm1a-lsd1-orally-active-in-a-murine-promyelocitic-leukemia-model
#17
Paolo Trifirò, Anna Cappa, Silvia Brambillasca, Oronza A Botrugno, Maria Rosaria Cera, Roberto Dal Zuffo, Paola Dessanti, Giuseppe Meroni, Florian Thaler, Manuela Villa, Saverio Minucci, Ciro Mercurio, Mario Varasi, Paola Vianello
BACKGROUND: Histone lysine demethylases (KDMs) are well-recognized targets in oncology drug discovery. They function at the post-translation level controlling chromatin conformation and gene transcription. KDM1A is a flavin adenine dinucleotide-dependent amine oxidase, overexpressed in several tumor types, including acute myeloid leukemia, neuroblastoma and non-small-cell lung cancer. Among the many known monoamine oxidase inhibitors screened for KDM1A inhibition, tranylcypromine emerged as a moderately active hit, which irreversibly binds to the flavin adenine dinucleotide cofactor...
July 2017: Future Medicinal Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28722111/monoamine-oxidase-a-is-highly-expressed-in-classical-hodgkin-lymphoma
#18
MULTICENTER STUDY
Pei Chuan Li, Imran N Siddiqi, Anja Mottok, Eric Y Loo, Chieh Hsi Wu, Wendy Cozen, Christian Steidl, Jean Chen Shih
Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes oxidative deamination of neurotransmitters and dietary amines and produces H2 O2 . It facilitates the progression of gliomas and prostate cancer, but its expression and functional relevance have not been studied in lymphoma. Here, we evaluated MAOA in 427 cases of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma and in a spectrum of reactive lymphoid tissues by immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens. MAOA was expressed by Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells in the majority of classical Hodgkin lymphomas (cHLs) (181/241; 75%), with 34...
October 2017: Journal of Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716755/construction-of-an-amperometric-glycated-hemoglobin-biosensor-based-on-au-pt-bimetallic-nanoparticles-and-poly-indole-5-carboxylic-acid-modified-au-electrode
#19
Utkarsh Jain, Shaivya Gupta, Nidhi Chauhan
The glucose level measurement in the diabetic patient plays a vital role in identification of the treatments going on and it also provides the control over the diabetics. A new electrochemical sensing device was constructed for determination of glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) in whole blood samples. Fructosyl amine oxidase (FAO) was bioconjugated onto hybrid nanocomposite i.e., gold nanoparticles-platinum nanoparticles (AuNPs-PtNPs) and poly indole-5-carboxylic acid (PIN5COOH), deposited electrochemically on gold electrode...
July 14, 2017: International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715791/new-approach-for-the-diagnosis-of-histamine-intolerance-based-on-the-determination-of-histamine-and-methylhistamine-in-urine
#20
Oriol Comas-Basté, M Luz Latorre-Moratalla, Roberta Bernacchia, M Teresa Veciana-Nogués, M Carmen Vidal-Carou
Histamine intolerance is a disorder in the homeostasis of histamine due to a reduced intestinal degradation of this amine, mainly caused by diamine oxidase (DAO) enzyme deficiency, which provokes its accumulation in plasma and the appearance of adverse health affects. A new approach for the diagnosis of this intolerance could be the determination of histamine and its metabolites in urine. The aim of this work was to develop and validate a rapid method to determine histamine and methylhistamine in human urine by Ultra High Performance Liquid Chromatography and Fluorimetric detection (UHPLC-FL)...
October 25, 2017: Journal of Pharmaceutical and Biomedical Analysis
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