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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728236/-epidemiological-investigation-of-allergic-rhinitis-in-ningxia
#1
X L Shen, D Zhao, X H Yan, P Yang, N Y Feng, W L Wen, H Y Ha, Z C Yang, L L Di, H Q Guo, H T Liu, R X Ma
Objective: To investigate the epidemiological characteristics of allergic rhinitis (AR) in Ningxia and to analyze its related factors. Methods: From March to September of 2013, a multi-stage and cluster sampling method was used to investigate the diagnosis and treatment of AR in Ningxia Area (3 years and above). Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of allergic rhinitis (2009, Wuyishan) was used as the basis for the diagnosis of adult AR, while Guidelines for diagnosis and treatment of pediatric allergic rhinitis (2010, Chongqing) was used as the basis for children...
July 7, 2017: Zhonghua Er Bi Yan Hou Tou Jing Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726713/a-comprehensive-study-on-adsorption-behavior-of-some-azo-dyes-from-aqueous-solution-onto-different-adsorbents
#2
Nihan Kaya
One of the major environmental problems is the existence of dye materials in water sources. This pollutant must be removed from water by appropriate methods. Although most of these methods are efficient for the treatment of waters contaminated with dye pollutants, they are very costly and commercially unattractive. Adsorption is one of the most popular methods for the removal of dye pollutants from water especially if the sorbent is inexpensive. Sorbents are classified as natural sorbents, commercial sorbents, and the sorbents obtained from industrial and agricultural wastes...
July 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28725623/isolation-and-characterization-of-antimicrobial-compound-from-the-stem-bark-of-the-traditionally-used-medicinal-plant-adenium-obesum
#3
Mohammed Sohail Akhtar, Mohammad Amzad Hossain, Sadri Abdullah Said
BACKGROUND: Medicinal plants constitute a natural reservoir for medicines worldwide. They serve mainstream therapeutics and are central in folklore medicine. In case of Adenium obesum (Lav, Apocynaceae), indigenous people of Oman use it for the treatment of venereal diseases, wounds, skin diseases, headaches, muscle pain as well as joint pain; yet, the active ingredients have not been classified. To screened the antioxidant and antimicrobial activities of an identified compound that we isolated from the highest active chloroform extract...
July 2017: Journal of Traditional and Complementary Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719975/toxicological-effects-of-aqueous-extract-from-african-walnut-tetracarpidium-conophorum-leaves-in-rats
#4
Seun F Akomolafe, Ganiyu Oboh, Sunday I Oyeleye, Tosin A Olasehinde
Tetracarpidium conophorum leaves are used in traditional medicine for the treatment of male infertility, without considering its toxicity and side effects. In this study, we investigated the effects of T conophorum leaves on some biochemical parameters such as alanine aminotransferase, aspartate aminotransferase, bilirubin, albumin, creatinine, and uric acid. Histology of the liver and kidney were also assessed. The result revealed that the alanine aminotransferase and aspartate aminotransferase levels of the control group were not significantly different from the experimental groups...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Evidence-based Complementary & Alternative Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715141/walnut-consumption-increases-activation-of-the-insula-to-highly-desirable-food-cues-a-randomized-double-blind-placebo-controlled-cross-over-fmri-study
#5
Olivia M Farr, Dario Tuccinardi, Jagriti Upadhyay, Sabrina M Oussaada, Christos S Mantzoros
AIMS: The use of walnuts is recommended for obesity and type 2 diabetes, although the mechanisms through which walnuts may improve appetite and/or glycemic control remain largely unknown. MATERIALS AND METHODS: To determine whether short-term walnut consumption could alter the neural control of appetite using functional magnetic resonance imaging, we performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind, cross-over trial of 10 patients who received, while living in the controlled environment of a clinical research center, either walnuts or placebo (using a validated smoothie delivery system) for 5 days each, separated by a wash-out period of one month...
July 17, 2017: Diabetes, Obesity & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713409/phylogenetic-resolution-in-juglans-based-on-complete-chloroplast-genomes-and-nuclear-dna-sequences
#6
Wenpan Dong, Chao Xu, Wenqing Li, Xiaoman Xie, Yizeng Lu, Yanlei Liu, Xiaobai Jin, Zhili Suo
Walnuts (Juglans of the Juglandaceae) are well-known economically important resource plants for the edible nuts, high-quality wood, and medicinal use, with a distribution from tropical to temperate zones and from Asia to Europe and Americas. There are about 21 species in Juglans. Classification of Juglans at section level is problematic, because the phylogenetic position of Juglans cinerea is disputable. Lacking morphological and DNA markers severely inhibited the development of related researches. In this study, the complete chloroplast genomes and two nuclear DNA regions (the internal transcribed spacer and ubiquitin ligase gene) of 10 representative taxa of Juglans were used for comparative genomic analyses in order to deepen the understanding on the application value of genetic information for inferring the phylogenetic relationship of the genus...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28712479/antiplatelet-aggregation-activity-of-walnut-hull-extract-via-suppression-of-reactive-oxygen-species-generation-and-caspase-activation
#7
Azadeh Meshkini, Masoumeh Tahmasbi
Walnut hull (wal hull) is an agricultural by-product that is widely used in traditional medicine for alleviating pain and treating skin diseases, however, recently it has gained much attention in modern pharmacology due to its antioxidant properties. The current study was aimed to determine the total phenolic, flavonoid, and tannin content of Persian wal hull extract and evaluate its biological effects on platelet function. Experimental data showed that acetone extract of wal hulls has a high content of polyphenolic compounds and antioxidant properties...
June 2017: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710205/effect-of-interdisciplinary-care-on-weight-loss-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#8
Linda C Tapsell, Maureen Lonergan, Marijka J Batterham, Elizabeth P Neale, Allison Martin, Rebecca Thorne, Frank Deane, Gregory Peoples
OBJECTIVE: To determine the effectiveness of a novel interdisciplinary treatment compared with usual care on weight loss in overweight and obese adult volunteers. DESIGN: Single blinded controlled trial. Participants randomly assigned to usual care (C, general guideline-based diet and exercise advice), intervention (I, interdisciplinary protocol) or intervention + a healthy food supplement (30 g walnuts/day) (IW). SETTING: Community based study, Illawarra region, south of Sydney, Australia...
July 13, 2017: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707966/targeted-molecular-ablation-of-cancer-stem-cells-for-curing-gastrointestinal-cancers
#9
Yong Seok Kim, Ho Jae Lee, Jong-Min Park, Young-Min Han, Napapan Kangwan, Ji Young Oh, Dong Yoon Lee, Ki Baik Hahm
Abundance of the ATPase-binding cassette (ABC) transporters and deranged self-renewal pathways characterize the presence of cancer stem cells (CSCs) in gastrointestinal cancers (GI cancers), which play crucial roles in tumorigenesis, chemotherapy resistance, tumor recurrence, and cancer metastasis. Therefore, in order to ensure high cure rates, chemoquiescence, CSCs should be ablated. Recent advances in either understanding CSCs or biomarker identification enable scientists to develop techniques for ablating CSCs and clinicians to provide cancer cure, especially in GI cancers characterized by inflammation-driven carcinogenesis...
July 14, 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28702485/experimental-data-on-the-properties-of-natural-fiber-particle-reinforced-polymer-composite-material
#10
D Chandramohan, A John Presin Kumar
This paper presents an experimental study on the development of polymer bio-composites. The powdered coconut shell, walnut shells and Rice husk are used as reinforcements with bio epoxy resin to form hybrid composite specimens. The fiber compositions in each specimen are 1:1 while the resin and hardener composition 10:1 respectively. The fabricated composites were tested as per ASTM standards to evaluate mechanical properties such as tensile strength, flexural strength, shear strength and impact strength are evaluated in both with moisture and without moisture...
August 2017: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28686204/metabolic-and-blood-pressure-effects-of-walnut-supplementation-in-a-mouse-model-of-the-metabolic-syndrome
#11
Nicola J A Scott, Leigh J Ellmers, Anna P Pilbrow, Lotte Thomsen, Arthur Mark Richards, Chris M Frampton, Vicky A Cameron
There is extensive evidence that walnut consumption is protective against cardiovascular disease and diabetes in the healthy population, but the beneficial effects of walnut consumption in individuals with the metabolic syndrome (MetS) remain uncertain. We compared a range of cardio-metabolic traits and related tissue gene expression associated with 21 weeks of dietary walnut supplementation in a mouse model of MetS (MetS-Tg) and wild-type (WT) mice (n = 10 per genotype per diet, equal males and females). Compared to standard diet, walnuts did not significantly alter food consumption or body weight trajectory of either MetS-Tg or WT mice...
July 7, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677371/neuropathological-characteristics-of-the-brain-in-two-patients-with-slc19a3-mutations-related-to-the-biotin-thiamine-responsive-basal-ganglia-disease
#12
Maciej Pronicki, Dorota Piekutowska-Abramczuk, Elżbieta Jurkiewicz, Dariusz Rokicki, Elżbieta Ciara, Joanna Trubicka, Katarzyna Iwanicka-Pronicka, Magdalena Pajdowska, Marek Migdał, Wieslawa A Grajkowska
<i>Biotin-thiamine-responsive basal ganglia disease is a severe form of a rare neurogenetic disorder caused by pathogenic molecular variants in the thiamine transporter gene. Nowadays, a potentially effective treatment is known, therefore the early diagnosis is mandatory. The aim of the paper was to assess the contribution of neuropathological and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies to a proper diagnosis. We present the brain study of two Polish patients with SLC19A3 mutations, including (1) an infant with an intriguing "walnut" appearance of the brain autopsied many years before the discovery of the SLC19A3 defect, and (2) a one-year-old patient with clinical features of Leigh syndrome...
2017: Folia Neuropathologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677356/age-based-causes-and-clinical-characteristics-of-immediate-type-food-allergy-in-korean-children
#13
Kyunguk Jeong, Jihyun Kim, Kangmo Ahn, So Yeon Lee, Taek Ki Min, Bok Yang Pyun, Yoon Hee Kim, Kyung Won Kim, Myung Hyun Sohn, Kyu Earn Kim, Gwang Cheon Jang, Tae Won Song, Jung Hee Kim, You Hoon Jeon, Yong Ju Lee, Yong Mean Park, Hye Yung Yum, Hyun Hee Kim, Woo Kyung Kim, Sooyoung Lee
PURPOSE: Age-based causes and clinical characteristics of immediate-type food allergy (FA) have not been sufficiently studied. Therefore, we investigated age-dependent clinical profiles of FA in Korean children through an extensive multicenter investigation. METHODS: Using a case report form developed by the authors, a retrospective medical record review was performed of patients (0-18 years old) diagnosed with immediate-type FA between September 2014 and August 2015 in 14 tertiary hospitals in Korea...
September 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28677355/monoclonal-antibodies-to-recombinant-fag-e-3-buckwheat-allergen-and-development-of-a-two-site-elisa-for-its-quantification
#14
Kyoung Yong Jeong, Kyung Hee Park, Jae Hyun Lee, Jung Won Park
PURPOSE: Buckwheat is a major cause of anaphylaxis, and Fag e 3 is the key major allergen in buckwheat. However, an immunoassay system for the quantification of Fag e 3 has yet to be developed. METHODS: We developed a 2-site enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) using monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) produced against recombinant Fag e 3. We applied this ELISA to quantify native Fag e 3 in total buckwheat extract. RESULTS: Four clones of mAbs were produced, and all recognized vicilin allergens not only from buckwheat, but also from peanut and walnut...
September 2017: Allergy, Asthma & Immunology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28662177/a-new-approach-for-the-assessment-of-the-toxicity-of-polyphenol-rich-compounds-with-the-use-of-high-content-screening-analysis
#15
Magdalena Boncler, Jacek Golanski, Magdalena Lukasiak, Malgorzata Redzynia, Jaroslaw Dastych, Cezary Watala
The toxicity of in vitro tested compounds is usually evaluated based on AC50 values calculated from dose-response curves. However, there is a large group of compounds for which a standard four-parametric sigmoid curve fitting may be inappropriate for estimating AC50. In the present study, 22 polyphenol-rich compounds were prioritized from the least to the most toxic based on the total area under and over the dose-response curves (AUOC) in relation to baselines. The studied compounds were ranked across three key cell indicators (mitochondrial membrane potential, cell membrane integrity and nuclear size) in a panel of five cell lines (HepG2, Caco-2, A549, HMEC-1, and 3T3), using a high-content screening (HCS) assay...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632934/a-prospective-microbiome-wide-association-study-of-food-sensitization-and-food-allergy-in-early-childhood
#16
Jessica H Savage, Kathleen A Lee-Sarwar, Joanne Sordillo, Supinda Bunyavanich, Yanjiao Zhou, George O'Connor, Megan Sandel, Leonard Bacharier, Robert Zeiger, Erica Sodergren, George M Weinstock, Diane R Gold, Scott T Weiss, Augusto A Litonjua
BACKGROUND: Alterations in the intestinal microbiome are prospectively associated with the development of asthma; less is known regarding the role of microbiome alterations in food allergy development. METHODS: Intestinal microbiome samples were collected at age 3-6 months in children participating in the follow-up phase of an interventional trial of high dose Vitamin D given during pregnancy. At age 3, sensitization to foods (milk, egg, peanut, soy, wheat, walnut) was assessed...
June 20, 2017: Allergy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28629043/carbon-quantum-dots-from-carbonized-walnut-shells-structural-evolution-fluorescence-characteristics-and-intracellular-bioimaging
#17
Chaoge Cheng, Yanni Shi, Min Li, Malcolm Xing, Qilin Wu
Carbon quantum dots (CQDs) have attracted tremendous attention for their prominent fluorescence, excellent stability, and outstanding biocompatibility. Herein, we report a facile method to prepare CQDs from walnut shells, which mainly consist of natural cellulose. After carbonization of the walnut shells and acid treatments, zigzag and armchair edges of CQDs with an average size of 3.4nm were revealed by the high-resolution transmission electron microscopy. Consistent with the (100) planes of graphitic carbon, the lattice spacing distance of these CQDs was 0...
October 1, 2017: Materials Science & Engineering. C, Materials for Biological Applications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28625954/attenuation-of-cadmium-induced-decline-in-spatial-habituation-and-recognition-memory-by-long-term-administration-of-almond-and-walnut-supplementation-role-of-cholinergic-function
#18
Zehra Batool, Faiza Agha, Saara Ahmad, Laraib Liaquat, Saiqa Tabassum, Saima Khaliq, Lubna Anis, Irfan Sajid, Shaista Emad, Tahira Perveen, Saida Haider
Excessive exposure of cadmium which is regarded as a neurotoxin can stimulate aging process by inducing abnormality in neuronal function. It has been reported that supplementation of almond and walnut attenuate age-related memory loss. Present study was designed to investigate the weekly administration of cadmium for one month on learning and memory function with relation to cholinergic activity. Cadmium was administered at the dose of 50 mg/kg/week. Whereas, almond and walnut was supplemented at the dose of 400 mg/kg/day along with cadmium administration to separate set of rats...
January 2017: Pakistan Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28610906/a-walnut-containing-meal-had-similar-effects-on-early-satiety-cck-and-pyy-but-attenuated-the-postprandial-glp-1-and-insulin-response-compared-to-a-nut-free-control-meal
#19
Cheryl L Rock, Shirley W Flatt, Hava-Shoshana Barkai, Bilge Pakiz, Dennis D Heath
Regular nut consumption is associated with lower adiposity and reduced weight gain in adulthood. Walnut feeding studies have observed minimal effect on body weight despite potential additional energy intake. Several mechanisms may explain why consuming nuts promotes weight control, including increased early phase satiety, possibly reflected in postprandial response of gastrointestinal and pancreatic peptides hypothesized to affect appetite. The purpose of this study was to compare postprandial insulin, glucagon and gastrointestinal peptide response and satiety following a meal with ∼54% of energy from walnuts or cream cheese, using a within-subject crossover study design in overweight/obese adults (N = 28)...
June 10, 2017: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28575825/effect-of-biochar-on-the-presence-of-nutrients-and-ryegrass-growth-in-the-soil-from-an-abandoned-indigenous-coking-site-the-potential-role-of-biochar-in-the-revegetation-of-contaminated-site
#20
Guixiang Zhang, Xiaofang Guo, Yuen Zhu, Zhiwang Han, Qiusheng He, Fengsong Zhang
Little is known regarding how biochars' feedstock and pyrolysis temperature affect soil function and plant growth. To address this gap in knowledge, 12 biochars (walnut shells, corn cobs, corn straws, and rice straws were separately pyrolyzed at 250, 400, and 600°C for 4h) were applied to soil from an indigenous coking site with application rate of 2.5% (w/w) in a pot experiment to determine the impact of biochar types on macro-nutrients (total and available N, P, and K) and ryegrass growth in the soil from an indigenous coking site...
May 30, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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