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food list for dialysis patients

Arti Sharma Parpia, Mary L'Abbé, Marc Goldstein, Joanne Arcand, Bernadene Magnuson, Pauline Darling
OBJECTIVE: Patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) are advised to limit their dietary intake of phosphorus and potassium as hyperphosphatemia and hyperkalemia are both associated with an increased risk of mortality. There is uncertainty concerning the actual content of these minerals in the Canadian food supply, as phosphorus and potassium are increasingly being used as food additives. This study aimed to determine the impact of food additives on the chemically analyzed content of phosphorus, potassium, sodium, and protein in commonly consumed meat, poultry, and fish products (MPFs)...
November 14, 2017: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Irene Capizzi, Luigi Teta, Federica Neve Vigotti, Giuliana Tognarelli, Valentina Consiglio, Stefania Scognamiglio, Giorgina Barbara Piccoli
In advanced chronic kidney disease, obesity may bring a survival advantage, but many transplant centres demand weight loss before wait-listing for kidney graft. The case here described regards a 71-year-old man, with obesity-related glomerulopathy; referral data were: weight 110 kg, Body Mass Index (BMI) 37 kg/m², serum creatinine (sCr) 5 mg/dL, estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) 23 mL/min, blood urea nitrogen (BUN) 75 mg/dL, proteinuria 2.3 g/day. A moderately restricted, low-protein diet allowed reduction in BUN (45-55 mg/dL) and good metabolic and kidney function stability, with a weight increase of 6 kg...
October 11, 2017: Nutrients
Giorgina Barbara Piccoli, Maria Rita Moio, Antioco Fois, Andreea Sofronie, Lurlinys Gendrot, Gianfranca Cabiddu, Claudia D'Alessandro, Adamasco Cupisti
The history of dialysis and diet can be viewed as a series of battles waged against potential threats to patients' lives. In the early years of dialysis, potassium was identified as "the killer", and the lists patients were given of forbidden foods included most plant-derived nourishment. As soon as dialysis became more efficient and survival increased, hyperphosphatemia, was identified as the enemy, generating an even longer list of banned aliments. Conversely, the "third era" finds us combating protein-energy wasting...
April 10, 2017: Nutrients
Weiwei Beckerleg, Vaibhav Keskar, Jolanta Karpinski
Infections with Listeria monocytogenes are uncommon but serious, with mortality rate approaching 30% in cases of systemic involvement despite first-line therapy. They are usually caused by ingestion of contaminated foods, but spontaneous infections have also been described. Listeria monocytogenes is a rare cause of peritonitis, and most of the published cases are in patients with cirrhosis and ascites. There are a few reported cases of Listeria peritonitis associated with peritoneal dialysis (PD), primarily isolated peritonitis...
March 2017: Peritoneal Dialysis International: Journal of the International Society for Peritoneal Dialysis
Giorgina B Piccoli, Adamasco Cupisti
In this editorial we present the special issue dedicated to low-protein diets (LPDs) in chronic kidney disease, from a global perspective.The experiences gathered from several countries across all continents have created an issue which we hope you will find insightful, and lead to further discussion on this interesting topic.We discover that LPDs are feasible in both developed and low income countries, in patients where literacy is an issue, and are also safe, including during pregnancy and in old age.Patients prescribed a low protein diet are more inclined to follow and adhere to this change in lifestyle, provided the diet has been adapted to meet their own individual needs...
March 27, 2017: BMC Nephrology
Jianhui Zhou, Xueying Cao, Hongli Lin, Zhaohui Ni, Yani He, Menghua Chen, Hongguang Zheng, Xiangmei Chen
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal dialysis is an important type of renal replacement therapy for uremic patients. In peritoneal dialysis, fluids fill in and flow out of the abdominal cavity three to five times per day. Usually, the fluid is packed in a polyvinyl chloride (PVC) bag. Safety concerns have arisen over di-(2-ethylhexyl) phthalate, which is essential in the formation of PVC materials. In 2011, the National Development and Reform Commission of China released a catalog of industrial structural adjustments, mandating the elimination of PVC bags for intravenous infusion and food containers...
December 29, 2015: Trials
Janice Lai, Judi Porter
Dietary apps for mobile technology are becoming increasingly available and can assist in recording food and fluid intake for nutrition assessment or monitoring. Patients with chronic renal disease, particularly those on dialysis, are required to make significant dietary changes. This study systematically reviews the current literature to assess whether dietary mobile apps improve dietary intake and clinical outcomes in the renal population, specifically those with Chronic Kidney Disease levels 3-5, including dialysis...
May 10, 2015: Nephrology
Federica Neve Vigotti, Gabriella Guzzo, Irene Capizzi, Luigi Teta, Davide Ippolito, Sara Mirasole, Domenica Giuffrida, Paolo Avagnina, Giorgina Piccoli
UNLABELLED: Obesity is increasingly encountered in dialysis patients, who have difficulty to lose weight. Several Transplant Centres require BMI <30-35 Kg/m2 at waiting-list. Thus, losing weight becomes a must for young obese patients, however the best policy to obtain it (if any) is not defined. The aim of the present case report is to suggest that tailored dialysis and intensive diets could be a successful combination, that should be tested on a larger scale. A 56-year-old obese male patient (BMI 37...
March 2014: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
Yoshiko Shutto, Michiko Shimada, Maiko Kitajima, Hideaki Yamabe, Yoko Saitoh, Hisao Saitoh, Mohammed S Razzaque
Hyperphosphatemia is an important determinant of morbidity and mortality in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Patients with CKD are advised to consume a low phosphate diet and are often prescribed phosphate-lowering drug therapy. However, commercially processed food and drinks often contain phosphate compounds, but the phosphate level is not usually provided in the ingredient list, which makes it difficult for CKD patients to choose a correct diet. We conducted a survey of the awareness of food/beverages containing artificially added phosphate among CKD patients undergoing hemodialysis...
2013: PloS One
A J Matas, J M Smith, M A Skeans, K E Lamb, S K Gustafson, C J Samana, D E Stewart, J J Snyder, A K Israni, B L Kasiske
A shortage of kidneys for transplant remains a major problem for patients with end-stage renal disease. The number of candidates on the waiting list continues to increase each year, while organ donation numbers remain flat. Thus, transplant rates for adult wait-listed candidates continue to decrease. However, pretransplant mortality rates also show a decreasing trend. Many kidneys recovered for transplant are discarded, and discard rates are increasing. Living donation rates have been essentially unchanged for the past decade, despite introduction of desensitization, non-directed donations, and kidney paired donation programs...
January 2013: American Journal of Transplantation
Richard K Kasama
The kidneys are famously responsible for maintaining external balance of prevalent minerals, such as sodium, chloride, and potassium. The kidney's role in handling trace minerals is more obscure to most nephrologists. Similarly, the impact of kidney failure on trace mineral metabolism is difficult to anticipate. The associated dietary modifications and dialysis create the potential for trace mineral deficiencies and intoxications. Indeed, there are numerous reports of dialysis-associated mishaps causing mineral intoxication, notable for the challenge of assigning causation...
November 2010: Seminars in Dialysis
Omar Benini, Claudia D'Alessandro, Daniela Gianfaldoni, Adamasco Cupisti
BACKGROUND: Restriction of dietary phosphorus is a major aspect of patient care in those with renal disease. Restriction of dietary phosphorus is necessary to control for phosphate balance during both conservative therapy and dialysis treatment. The extra amount of phosphorus which is consumed as a result of phosphate-containing food additives is a real challenge for patients with renal disease and for dieticians because it represents a "hidden" phosphate load. The objective of this study was to measure phosphorus content in foods, common protein sources in particular, and comprised both those which included a listing of phosphate additives and those which did not...
July 2011: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Masanobu Miyazaki, Masakazu Yasunaka, Tayo Kawazu, Kenichiro Inoue, Mitsuru Noguchi, Yoko Obata, Tomoya Nishino, Akira Furusu, Shigeru Kohno et al.
The mean age of Japanese patients requiring a dialysis induction is 67.7-year-old in 2007. Comparing with hemodialysis, peritoneal dialysis is fit for old patients because of a lesser degree of influence on cardiovascular system and a lesser degree of restriction on the issue of water and food. However, a home care system for patients with peritoneal dialysis has not been established. In Nagasaki city, "Nagasaki Home Doctor Net" supports the home care through many kinds of medical occupational linkage. By applying this system, we are trying to establish a supporting system for elderly patients with peritoneal dialysis...
December 2009: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sameer M Mazhar, Masoud Shiehmorteza, Chad A Kohl, Michael S Middleton, Claude B Sirlin
Nephrogenic systemic fibrosis (NSF) may develop in patients with liver disease, a fact highlighted by Food and Drug Administration (FDA) announcements cautioning against the use of gadolinium-based contrast agents (GBCAs) in select liver disease patients. The purpose of this systematic literature review is to characterize the risk of NSF in patients with liver disease. All published articles on NSF from September 2000 through August 2008, were identified via PubMed searches and examination of articles' reference lists...
December 2009: Journal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging: JMRI
Richard A Sherman, Ojas Mehta
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Uncooked meat and poultry products are commonly enhanced by food processors using phosphate salts. The addition of potassium and phosphorus to these foods has been recognized but not quantified. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We measured the phosphorus, potassium, and protein content of 36 uncooked meat and poultry products: Phosphorus using the Association of Analytical Communities (AOAC) official method 984.27, potassium using AOAC official method 985...
August 2009: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
Richard A Sherman, Ojas Mehta
BACKGROUND: Dietary intake of phosphorus is derived largely from protein sources and is a critical determinant of phosphorus balance in patients with chronic kidney disease. Information about the phosphorus content of prepared foods generally is unavailable, but it is believed to contribute significantly to the phosphorus burden of patients with chronic kidney disease. DESIGN: Analysis of dietary components. SETTING: We measured the phosphorus content of 44 food products, including 30 refrigerated or frozen precooked meat, poultry, and fish items, generally national brands...
July 2009: American Journal of Kidney Diseases: the Official Journal of the National Kidney Foundation
Catherine Sullivan, Srilekha S Sayre, Janeen B Leon, Rhoderick Machekano, Thomas E Love, David Porter, Marquisha Marbury, Ashwini R Sehgal
CONTEXT: High dietary phosphorus intake has deleterious consequences for renal patients and is possibly harmful for the general public as well. To prevent hyperphosphatemia, patients with end-stage renal disease limit their intake of foods that are naturally high in phosphorus. However, phosphorus-containing additives are increasingly being added to processed and fast foods. The effect of such additives on serum phosphorus levels is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To determine the effect of limiting the intake of phosphorus-containing food additives on serum phosphorus levels among patients with end-stage renal disease...
February 11, 2009: JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association
Srilekha Sarathy, Catherine Sullivan, Janeen B Leon, Ashwini R Sehgal
OBJECTIVE: Fast food is commonly consumed by hemodialysis patients, but many menu items are not compatible with renal diets because of their sodium, potassium, or phosphorus content. Moreover, the phosphorus content of fast foods is difficult for patients to estimate, because phosphorus-containing additives are commonly added to many fast foods. We sought to determine how many fast-food entrees and side dishes are compatible with renal diets. METHODS: We examined nutrition-facts labels and ingredient lists provided by 15 fast-food chains...
September 2008: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Catherine M Sullivan, Janeen B Leon, Ashwini R Sehgal
OBJECTIVE: Phosphorus-containing additives are increasingly being added to food products. We sought to determine the potential impact of these additives. We focused on chicken products as an example. METHODS: We purchased a variety of chicken products, prepared them according to package directions, and performed laboratory analyses to determine their actual phosphorus content. We used ESHA Food Processor SQL Software (version 9.8, ESHA Research, Salem, OR) to determine the expected phosphorus content of each product...
September 2007: Journal of Renal Nutrition
Wei Chen, Xin-hong Lu, Tao Wang
OBJECTIVE: Poor compliance with the dietary prescriptions is quite common in dialysis patients. We believe that most of the noncompliance is caused by the patient's poor understanding of the dietary prescription. Therefore, in the present study, we tried to investigate the role of menu suggestion in improving the patient's compliance with the dietary prescription. DESIGN AND SETTING: A longitudinal cohort study conducted at an outpatient dialysis clinic. PATIENTS: Seventy clinically stable patients on peritoneal dialysis were included in this prospective study during April 1, 2004, to November 31, 2004, in a single center...
April 2006: Journal of Renal Nutrition
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