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3-aminobenzamide AND PARP

Felipe Salech, Daniela P Ponce, Carol D SanMartín, Nicole K Rogers, Mauricio Henríquez, Maria I Behrens
We have proposed that a common biological mechanism deregulated in opposite directions might explain the inverse epidemiological association observed between Alzheimer's disease (AD) and cancer. Accordingly, we showed that lymphocytes from AD patients have an increased susceptibility, whereas those from survivors of a skin cancer, an increased resistance to oxidative death induced by hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 ), compared to healthy controls (HC). We investigated the susceptibility to H2 O2 -induced death of lymphocytes in survivors of any type of cancer and in cancer survivors who later developed AD (Ca&AD)...
2018: Frontiers in Neuroscience
Amy G Briggs, Lori C Adams-Phillips, Brian D Keppler, Sophia G Zebell, Kyle C Arend, April A Apfelbaum, Joshua A Smith, Andrew F Bent
Pharmacological inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) or loss of Arabidopsis thaliana PARG1 (poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase) disrupt a subset of plant defenses. In the present study we examined the impact of altered poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation on early gene expression induced by the microbe-associate molecular patterns (MAMPs) flagellin (flg22) and EF-Tu (elf18). Stringent statistical analyses and filtering identified 178 genes having MAMP-induced mRNA abundance patterns that were altered by either PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3AB) or PARG1 knockout...
2017: PloS One
Marwa M El-Sheikh, Rania M El-Hazek, Aiman S El-Khatib, Mona A El-Ghazaly
PURPOSE: This study aimed to investigate the effect of 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) in doses of 5, 10 and 15 mg/kg on the inhibition of Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) when combined with ionizing radiation (IR). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Rats were treated intraperitonealy, one hour prior to irradiation at a dose level of 6 Gray (Gy) and were sacrificed 24 hours after irradiation. Control groups were run concurrently. RESULTS: IR led to an increase of thiobarbituric acid reactive substance (TBARS), nitrite as well as a decrease in total antioxidant capacity associated increase in myeloperoxidase (MPO) with the expression of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2)...
January 2018: International Journal of Radiation Biology
Felipe Salech, Daniela P Ponce, Carol D SanMartín, Nicole K Rogers, Carlos Chacón, Mauricio Henríquez, Maria I Behrens
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) is a clinically detectable initial stage of cognitive deterioration with a high conversion rate to dementia. There is increasing evidence that some of the cerebral alterations present in Alzheimer type dementia can be found in peripheral tissues. We have previously shown that lymphocytes from Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients have increased susceptibility to hydrogen peroxide (H2 O2 )-induced death that depends on dementia severity. We here investigated whether lymphocytes from MCI patients show increased vulnerability to death, and explored the involvement of Poly [ADP-ribose] polymerase (PARP-1) and p53 in the regulation of this process...
2017: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
Torkel Berglund, Anders Wallström, Tuong-Van Nguyen, Cecilia Laurell, Anna B Ohlsson
The effects of nicotinamide (NIC) and its natural plant metabolites nicotinic acid (NIA) and trigonelline (TRIG) were studied with respect to defense in plant cell cultures. NIC and NIA could protect against oxidative stress damage caused by 2,2'-azobis(2-amidinopropane) dihydrochloride (AAPH), which generates free radicals. Damage was analyzed as DNA strand breaks in cell cultures of Pisum sativum (garden pea), Daucus carota (carrot), Populus tremula L. × P. tremuloides (hybrid aspen) and Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle), monitored by single cell gel electrophoresis (comet assay), and assays of cell leakage in C...
September 2017: Plant Physiology and Biochemistry: PPB
Jean-Christophe Amé, Barbara Camuzeaux, Françoise Dantzer, Valérie Schreiber
The purification of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-3 (PARP-3) from overexpressing cells (Sf9 insect cells, Escherichia coli) has been updated to a fast and reproducible two chromatographic steps protocol. After cell lysis, PARP-3 protein from the crude extract is affinity purified on a 3-aminobenzamide Sepharose™ chromatographic step. The last contaminants and the 3-methoxybenzamide used to elute PARP-3 from the previous affinity column are removed on the high-performance strong cations exchanger MonoQ™ matrix...
2017: Methods in Molecular Biology
Qina He, Lin Zong, Yulong Sun, Vijayalaxmi, Thomas J Prihoda, Jian Tong, Yi Cao
This study examined whether non-ionizing radiofrequency fields (RF) exposure is capable of inducing poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) in bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) and whether it plays a role in RF-induced adaptive response (AR). Bone marrow stromal cells (BMSCs) were exposed to 900MHz RF at 120μW/cm(2) power flux density for 3h/day for 5days and then challenged with a genotoxic dose of 1.5Gy gamma-radiation (GR). Some cells were also treated with 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB, 2mM final concentration), a potent inhibitor of PARP-1...
August 2017: Mutation Research
Hongjun Bian, Yi Zhou, Bin Yu, Deya Shang, Fuli Liu, Bin Li, Jianni Qi
It has been previously reported that Rho‑kinase (ROCK) and poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP) serve critical roles in myocardial ischemia/reperfusion (I/R) injury. Studies have additionally demonstrated that the activation of ROCK and the expression of PARP are increased in I/R. However, the effect and mechanism of the two proteins remains to be fully elucidated in I/R. In addition, whether they can be influenced by each other is unclear. In the present study, it was demonstrated that ischemia followed by reperfusion resulted in a significant increase in ROCK and PARP...
August 2017: Molecular Medicine Reports
Saravana Babu Chidambaram, Ranju Vijayan, Sathiya Sekar, Sugumar Mani, Barathidsan Rajamani, Ramakrishnan Ganapathy
Interlink between excitotoxicity and cellular bioenergetics depletion is implicated as one of the central deteriorative pathways in many neurodegenerative diseases including Huntington's disease (HD). Chronic administration of 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP) depletes ATP and NAD+; and increases TNFα, IL-6 and glutamate content resulting in "immunoexcitotoxicity". Present study was designed to determine whether the combination of memantine (MN) and 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB), PARP inhibitor, can ameliorate immunoexcitotoxicity and improve bioenergetics in a better manner than individual administration against 3-NP intoxication in mice...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Pharmacology
Duk Hyoun Kim, Hye Ran Lee, Min Gyeong Kim, Jun Sung Lee, Su Jin Jin, Hoon Taek Lee
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) plays important roles in DNA repair, apoptosis, transcriptional regulation, and cell death, and occurs via the activity of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs). Previous studies have shown that PARylation affects mouse and porcine pre-implantation development and participates in mechanisms of autophagy. However, there have not yet been reported the role of PARylation during in vitro maturation (IVM) of porcine oocytes. Thus, we investigated the effect of PARylation inhibition on this process; cumulus-oocyte complexes (COCs) were cultured with 3-aminobenzamide (3-ABA, PARP inhibitor) during porcine IVM...
January 29, 2017: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Jing Lu, Renwei Zhang, Huiqi Hong, Zuolong Yang, Duanping Sun, Shuya Sun, Xiaolei Guo, Jiantao Ye, Zhuoming Li, Peiqing Liu
The Forkhead box-containing protein, O subfamily 3 (FoxO3) transcription factor negatively regulates myocardial hypertrophy, and its transcriptional activity is finely conditioned by diverse posttranslational modifications, such as phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, methylation and glycosylation. Here, we introduce a novel modification of the FoxO3 protein in cardiomyocytes: poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) mediated by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1). This process catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent synthesis of polymers of ADP-ribose (PAR) and their subsequent attachment to target proteins by PARPs...
December 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Raffaela Zaffini, Rosanna Di Paola, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Marta Menegazzi
Allergic asthma is an immunological disease that occurs as a consequence of aeroallergen exposure. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) in conventional models of asthma-like reaction has emerged as an effective anti-inflammatory and airway remodeling intervention. In a house dust mite (HDM) exposure mouse model, we investigated the impact of PARP inhibition on allergic airway inflammation, sensitization, and remodeling. Mice were intranasally exposed to a HDM extract for 5 days per week for up to 5 weeks...
December 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Jia Yu, Teng Zuo, Wenhong Deng, Qiao Shi, Peng Ma, Chen Chen, Liang Zhao, Kailiang Zhao, Weixing Wang
BACKGROUND: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) participates in multi-organ failure in various inflammatory diseases including acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). Since pancreatitis-associated adrenal insufficiency is partly caused by inflammatory damage to the adrenal cortex, we examined whether PARP antagonism could alleviate adrenal insufficiency in a rat model of ANP. METHODS: ANP was induced by retrograde infusion of sodium taurocholate into the bile-pancreatic duct...
July 27, 2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Hana Song, Sang Pil Yoon, Jinu Kim
After renal injury, selective damage occurs in the proximal tubules as a result of inhibition of glycolysis. The molecular mechanism of damage is not known. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation plays a critical role of proximal tubular cell death in several renal disorders. Here, we studied the role of PARP on glycolytic flux in pig kidney proximal tubule epithelial LLC-PK1 cells using XFp extracellular flux analysis. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation by PARP activation was increased approximately 2-fold by incubation of the cells in 10 mM glucose for 30 minutes, but treatment with the PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) does-dependently prevented the glucose-induced PARP activation (approximately 14...
June 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Xingyu Wang, Yabo Wang, Roumen Parapanov, Etienne Abdelnour, Fabrizio Gronchi, Jean Yannis Perentes, Lise Piquilloud, Hans-Beat Ris, Igor Letovanec, Lucas Liaudet, Thorsten Krueger
BACKGROUND: Donor lungs obtained after prolonged warm ischemia (WI) may be unsuitable for transplantation due to the risk of reperfusion injury, but could be reconditioned using ex-vivo lung perfusion (EVLP). Key processes of reperfusion injury include the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)/nitrogen species (RNS) and the activation of poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP). We explored whether rat lungs obtained after WI could be reconditioned during EVLP using the ROS/RNS scavenger Mn(III)-tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin chloride (MnTBAP) or the PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB)...
July 2016: Transplantation
Salim Kemal Tuncer, Seher Altinel, Mehmet Toygar, Hakan Istanbulluoglu, Kahraman Ates, Recai Ogur, Ozcan Altinel, Yildirim Karslioglu, Turgut Topal, Ahmet Korkmaz, Bulent Uysal
OBJECTIVES: Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used herbicide. Exposure to PQ at toxic doses can result in fatal acute lung injury. Inhibition of the poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enzyme alleviates inflammation and necrosis in various pathologies. Here we aimed to evaluate the effects of PARP inhibition on PQ-induced lung damage in a rat experimental model. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 24) were allocated into three groups: sham, PQ and PQ + 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) that is a PARP inhibitor, groups...
August 2016: Inflammopharmacology
Sachiko Yamashita, Masakazu Tanaka, Teruaki Sato, Chieri Ida, Narumi Ohta, Takashi Hamada, Taichi Uetsuki, Yoshisuke Nishi, Joel Moss, Masanao Miwa
Poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR) is rapidly synthesized by PAR polymerases (PARPs) upon activation by DNA single- and double-strand breaks. In this study, we examined the quantitative amount of PAR in HeLa cells cultured within the physiological temperatures below 41 °C for verification of the effect of shifting-up or -down the temperature from 37.0 °C on the DNA breaks, whether the temperature-shift caused breaks that could be monitored by the level of PAR. While PAR level did not change significantly when HeLa cells were cultured at 33...
August 5, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Mykhailo M Guzyk, Artem A Tykhomyrov, Victor S Nedzvetsky, Irina V Prischepa, Tatiana V Grinenko, Lesya V Yanitska, Tamara M Kuchmerovska
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a multifactorial disease characterized by reactive gliosis and disbalance of angiogenesis regulators, contributing to endothelial dysfunction and microvascular complications. This study was organized to elucidate whether poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibition could attenuate diabetes-induced damage to macroglia and correct angiogenic disbalance in diabetic rat retina. After 8 weeks of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, Wistar male rats were treated with PARP-1 inhibitors, nicotinamide (NAm) or 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) (100 and 30 mg/kg/daily i...
October 2016: Neurochemical Research
Elina Shrestha, Maryem A Hussein, Jeffery N Savas, Mireille Ouimet, Tessa J Barrett, Sarah Leone, John R Yates, Kathryn J Moore, Edward A Fisher, Michael J Garabedian
Liver X receptors (LXR) are oxysterol-activated nuclear receptors that play a central role in reverse cholesterol transport through up-regulation of ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCA1 and ABCG1) that mediate cellular cholesterol efflux. Mouse models of atherosclerosis exhibit reduced atherosclerosis and enhanced regression of established plaques upon LXR activation. However, the coregulatory factors that affect LXR-dependent gene activation in macrophages remain to be elucidated. To identify novel regulators of LXR that modulate its activity, we used affinity purification and mass spectrometry to analyze nuclear LXRα complexes and identified poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) as an LXR-associated factor...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Alexander Biro, Hananya Vaknine, Malka Cohen-Armon, Zipora Matas, Asora Fux, Letizia Schreiber, Esther Berger, Michael Dan, Mona Boaz, Olga Gregoriev, Ze'ev Katzir
INTRODUCTION: Aminoglycosides (AG) cause nephrotoxicity in 10 - 20% of patients. One of the mechanisms is by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to DNA destruction and activation of poly(ADPribose) polymerase (PARP) causing necrotic tubular cell death. PARP inhibition on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity was studied. METHODS: 19 female Wistar-Kyoto rats divided into 3 groups: control (3 rats receiving no treatment); gentamicin-treated group (8 rats); and 8 rats treated with gentamicin combined with 3-aminobenzamide (3 AB)...
April 2016: Clinical Nephrology
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