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Vishakha Sharma, Sachchida Nand Pandey, Hunain Khawaja, Kristy J Brown, Yetrib Hathout, Yi-Wen Chen
OBJECTIVE: The goal of the study is to identity proteins, which interact with the promoter region of double homeobox protein 4 (DUX4) gene known to be causative for the autosomal dominant disorder Facioscapulohumeral Muscular Dystrophy (FSHD). METHODS: We performed a DNA pull down assay coupled with mass spectrometry analysis to identify proteins that interact with a DUX4 promoter probe in Rhabdomyosarcomca (RD) cells. We selected the top ranked protein poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1) from our mass spectrometry data for further ChIP-qPCR validation using patients' myoblasts...
August 2016: Journal of Genetic Syndrome & Gene Therapy
Jing Lu, Renwei Zhang, Huiqi Hong, Zuolong Yang, Duanping Sun, Shuya Sun, Xiaolei Guo, Jiantao Ye, Zhuoming Li, Peiqing Liu
The Forkhead box-containing protein, O subfamily 3 (FoxO3) transcription factor negatively regulates myocardial hypertrophy, and its transcriptional activity is finely conditioned by diverse posttranslational modifications, such as phosphorylation, acetylation, ubiquitination, methylation and glycosylation. Here, we introduce a novel modification of the FoxO3 protein in cardiomyocytes: poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) mediated by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP1). This process catalyzes the NAD(+)-dependent synthesis of polymers of ADP-ribose (PAR) and their subsequent attachment to target proteins by PARPs...
October 4, 2016: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
Raffaela Zaffini, Rosanna Di Paola, Salvatore Cuzzocrea, Marta Menegazzi
Allergic asthma is an immunological disease that occurs as a consequence of aeroallergen exposure. Inhibition of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) in conventional models of asthma-like reaction has emerged as an effective anti-inflammatory and airway remodeling intervention. In a house dust mite (HDM) exposure mouse model, we investigated the impact of PARP inhibition on allergic airway inflammation, sensitization, and remodeling. Mice were intranasally exposed to a HDM extract for 5 days per week for up to 5 weeks...
September 7, 2016: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Jia Yu, Teng Zuo, Wenhong Deng, Qiao Shi, Peng Ma, Chen Chen, Liang Zhao, Kailiang Zhao, Weixing Wang
BACKGROUND: Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) participates in multi-organ failure in various inflammatory diseases including acute necrotizing pancreatitis (ANP). Since pancreatitis-associated adrenal insufficiency is partly caused by inflammatory damage to the adrenal cortex, we examined whether PARP antagonism could alleviate adrenal insufficiency in a rat model of ANP. METHODS: ANP was induced by retrograde infusion of sodium taurocholate into the bile-pancreatic duct...
2016: BMC Gastroenterology
Hana Song, Sang Pil Yoon, Jinu Kim
After renal injury, selective damage occurs in the proximal tubules as a result of inhibition of glycolysis. The molecular mechanism of damage is not known. Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) activation plays a critical role of proximal tubular cell death in several renal disorders. Here, we studied the role of PARP on glycolytic flux in pig kidney proximal tubule epithelial LLC-PK1 cells using XFp extracellular flux analysis. Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation by PARP activation was increased approximately 2-fold by incubation of the cells in 10 mM glucose for 30 minutes, but treatment with the PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) does-dependently prevented the glucose-induced PARP activation (approximately 14...
June 2016: Anatomy & Cell Biology
Xingyu Wang, Yabo Wang, Roumen Parapanov, Etienne Abdelnour, Fabrizio Gronchi, Jean Yannis Perentes, Lise Piquilloud, Hans-Beat Ris, Igor Letovanec, Lucas Liaudet, Thorsten Krueger
BACKGROUND: Donor lungs obtained after prolonged warm ischemia (WI) may be unsuitable for transplantation due to the risk of reperfusion injury, but could be reconditioned using ex-vivo lung perfusion (EVLP). Key processes of reperfusion injury include the formation of reactive oxygen species (ROS)/nitrogen species (RNS) and the activation of poly(adenosine diphosphate-ribose) polymerase (PARP). We explored whether rat lungs obtained after WI could be reconditioned during EVLP using the ROS/RNS scavenger Mn(III)-tetrakis (4-benzoic acid) porphyrin chloride (MnTBAP) or the PARP inhibitor 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB)...
July 2016: Transplantation
Salim Kemal Tuncer, Seher Altinel, Mehmet Toygar, Hakan Istanbulluoglu, Kahraman Ates, Recai Ogur, Ozcan Altinel, Yildirim Karslioglu, Turgut Topal, Ahmet Korkmaz, Bulent Uysal
OBJECTIVES: Paraquat (PQ) is a widely used herbicide. Exposure to PQ at toxic doses can result in fatal acute lung injury. Inhibition of the poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) enzyme alleviates inflammation and necrosis in various pathologies. Here we aimed to evaluate the effects of PARP inhibition on PQ-induced lung damage in a rat experimental model. METHODS: Female Sprague-Dawley rats (n = 24) were allocated into three groups: sham, PQ and PQ + 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) that is a PARP inhibitor, groups...
August 2016: Inflammopharmacology
Sachiko Yamashita, Masakazu Tanaka, Teruaki Sato, Chieri Ida, Narumi Ohta, Takashi Hamada, Taichi Uetsuki, Yoshisuke Nishi, Joel Moss, Masanao Miwa
Poly (ADP-ribose) (PAR) is rapidly synthesized by PAR polymerases (PARPs) upon activation by DNA single- and double-strand breaks. In this study, we examined the quantitative amount of PAR in HeLa cells cultured within the physiological temperatures below 41 °C for verification of the effect of shifting-up or -down the temperature from 37.0 °C on the DNA breaks, whether the temperature-shift caused breaks that could be monitored by the level of PAR. While PAR level did not change significantly when HeLa cells were cultured at 33...
August 5, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Mykhailo M Guzyk, Artem A Tykhomyrov, Victor S Nedzvetsky, Irina V Prischepa, Tatiana V Grinenko, Lesya V Yanitska, Tamara M Kuchmerovska
Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a multifactorial disease characterized by reactive gliosis and disbalance of angiogenesis regulators, contributing to endothelial dysfunction and microvascular complications. This study was organized to elucidate whether poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) inhibition could attenuate diabetes-induced damage to macroglia and correct angiogenic disbalance in diabetic rat retina. After 8 weeks of streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetes, Wistar male rats were treated with PARP-1 inhibitors, nicotinamide (NAm) or 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) (100 and 30 mg/kg/daily i...
June 2, 2016: Neurochemical Research
Hye Ran Lee, Duk Hyoun Kim, Min Gyeong Kim, Jun Sung Lee, Jeong Ho Hwang, Hoon Taek Lee
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) acts as a modulator of selective autophagic degradation of ubiquitinated aggregates for cellular quality control, functioning in pro-survival role. It was reported previously that the inhibition of PARylation resulted in autophagy defects leading accumulation of ubiquitinated aggregates SQSTM1/p62 and apoptosis in porcine blastocysts. Thus, this study aims to investigate the mechanism between PARylation and autophagy in porcine blastocysts. In vitro produced (IVP) embryos were treated with 3-aminobenzamide (3ABA, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase inhibitor) and/or rapamycin (RAPA, an mTORC1 inhibitor) during blastocyst formation...
May 13, 2016: Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Elina Shrestha, Maryem A Hussein, Jeffery N Savas, Mireille Ouimet, Tessa J Barrett, Sarah Leone, John R Yates, Kathryn J Moore, Edward A Fisher, Michael J Garabedian
Liver X receptors (LXR) are oxysterol-activated nuclear receptors that play a central role in reverse cholesterol transport through up-regulation of ATP-binding cassette transporters (ABCA1 and ABCG1) that mediate cellular cholesterol efflux. Mouse models of atherosclerosis exhibit reduced atherosclerosis and enhanced regression of established plaques upon LXR activation. However, the coregulatory factors that affect LXR-dependent gene activation in macrophages remain to be elucidated. To identify novel regulators of LXR that modulate its activity, we used affinity purification and mass spectrometry to analyze nuclear LXRα complexes and identified poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) as an LXR-associated factor...
May 20, 2016: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Alexander Biro, Hananya Vaknine, Malka Cohen-Armon, Zipora Matas, Asora Fux, Letizia Schreiber, Esther Berger, Michael Dan, Mona Boaz, Olga Gregoriev, Ze'ev Katzir
INTRODUCTION: Aminoglycosides (AG) cause nephrotoxicity in 10 - 20% of patients. One of the mechanisms is by generating reactive oxygen species (ROS), leading to DNA destruction and activation of poly(ADPribose) polymerase (PARP) causing necrotic tubular cell death. PARP inhibition on gentamicin-induced nephrotoxicity was studied. METHODS: 19 female Wistar-Kyoto rats divided into 3 groups: control (3 rats receiving no treatment); gentamicin-treated group (8 rats); and 8 rats treated with gentamicin combined with 3-aminobenzamide (3 AB)...
April 2016: Clinical Nephrology
Prashanth Komirishetty, Aparna Areti, Veera Ganesh Yerra, P K Ruby, Shyam S Sharma, Ranadeep Gogoi, Ramakrishna Sistla, Ashutosh Kumar
AIM: Peripheral nerve degeneration after nerve injury is accompanied with oxidative stress that may activate poly ADP-ribose polymerase (PARP, DNA repair enzyme). PARP overactivation amplifies the neuronal damage either due to energy crisis or through inflammatory process by facilitating nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB). Hence investigated the role of PARP inhibitors, 3-Aminobenzamide (3-AB) and 1,5-isoquinolinediol (ISO) in the attenuation of chronic constriction injury (CCI) induced peripheral neuropathy in rats...
April 1, 2016: Life Sciences
Xianqing Meng, Wenqi Song, Bin Deng, Ziling Xing, Weihong Zhang
Poly(ADP-ribose)polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is anubiquitous, DNA repair-associated enzyme, which participates in gene expression, cell death, central nerve system (CNS) disorders and oxidative stress. According to the previous studies, PARP-1 over-activation may lead to over-consumption of ATP and even cell apoptosis. Spinal cord injury (SCI) is an inducement towards PARP-1 over-activation due to its massive damage to DNA. 3-aminobenzamide (3-AB) is a kind of PARP-1 inhibitors. The relationship among PARP-1, 3-AB, SCI and apoptosis has not been fully understood...
2015: International Journal of Clinical and Experimental Pathology
Ryo Yonezawa, Shinichiro Yamamoto, Miki Takenaka, Yukiko Kage, Takaharu Negoro, Takahiro Toda, Masayuki Ohbayashi, Tomohiro Numata, Yasuko Nakano, Toshinori Yamamoto, Yasuo Mori, Masakazu Ishii, Shunichi Shimizu
Lung inflammation is a major adverse effect of therapy with the antitumor drug bleomycin (BLM). Transient receptor potential melastatin 2 (TRPM2) is a Ca(2+)-permeable channel that is activated by oxidative stress through the production of ADP-ribose. We herein investigated whether TRPM2 channels contributed to BLM-induced lung inflammation. The intratracheal instillation of BLM into wild-type (WT) mice increased the number of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (PMNs) and inflammatory cytokine levels in the lung...
January 2016: Free Radical Biology & Medicine
Chandra Shaker Sriram, Ashok Jangra, Satendra Singh Gurjar, Pritam Mohan, Babul Kumar Bezbaruah
Poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is a DNA nick-sensor enzyme that functions at the center of cellular stress response and affects the immune system at several key points, and thus modulates inflammatory diseases. Our previous study demonstrated that lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced depressive-like behavior in mice can be ameliorated by 3-aminobenzamide, which is a PARP-1 inhibitor. In the present study we've examined the effect of a free radical scavenger, edaravone pretreatment against LPS-induced anxiety and depressive-like behavior as well as various hippocampal biochemical parameters including PARP-1...
February 1, 2016: Physiology & Behavior
Hiroyoshi Inaba, Akinori Tsukagoshi, Satoshi Kida
BACKGROUND: Memory consolidation, reconsolidation, and extinction have been shown to require new gene expression. Poly ADP-ribosylation mediated by poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1) is known to regulate transcription through histone modification. Recent studies have suggested that PARP-1 positively regulates the formation of long-term memory (LTM); however, the roles of PARP-1 in memory processes, especially processes after retrieval, remain unknown. RESULTS: Here, we show critical roles for PARP-1 in the consolidation, reconsolidation, and extinction of contextual fear memory in mice...
2015: Molecular Brain
Hye Ran Lee, Mukesh Kumar Gupta, Duk Hyeon Kim, Jeong Ho Hwang, Bumsup Kwon, Hoon Taek Lee
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)ation (PARylation) prevents apoptosis through its involvement in pro-survival autophagy in cultured cells; whether or not the same is true for pre-implantation embryos has not yet been documented. In this study, we investigated the participation of PARylation and autophagy in in vitro porcine pre-implantation embryo development. The transcript levels of autophagy-related genes and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase 1 (PARP1), an enzyme required for PARylation, were transiently up-regulated by fertilization, decreased at the late 1-cell stage, and maintained until the blastocyst stage...
January 2016: Molecular Reproduction and Development
Jaishri O Blakeley, Stuart A Grossman, Tom Mikkelsen, Myrna R Rosenfeld, David Peereboom, L Burt Nabors, Andrew S Chi, Gary Emmons, Ignacio Garcia Ribas, Jeffrey G Supko, Serena Desideri, Xiaobu Ye
Iniparib is a prodrug that converts to highly reactive cytotoxic metabolites intracellularly with activity in preclinical glioma models. We investigated the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of iniparib with monthly (m) and continuous (c) temozolomide (TMZ) dosing schedules in patients with malignant gliomas (MG). Adults with newly diagnosed MG who had successfully completed ≥80% of radiation (RT) and TMZ without toxicity received mTMZ dosing (150-200 mg/m(2) days 1-5/28 days) or cTMZ dosing (75 mg/m(2)/days × 6 weeks) in conjunction with iniparib (i...
October 2015: Journal of Neuro-oncology
Si-bo Liu, Jinjie Liu, Da-wei Liu, Xiao-ting Wang, Rong-li Yang
Poly-(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs), a super family of enzymes, play important roles in preserving genomic integrity, regulating transcriptions, protecting telomeres and determining cell fate. PARP overactivation leads to metabolic disorder and cell injury via depletion of energy substance. However, it is still unclear whether PARP overactivation happens during acute kidney injury (AKI) caused by endotoxic shock (ES). Here, we built a canine model of lipopolysaccharide-induced ES to explore the role of PARP during the development AKI...
2015: Nephron
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