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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29779507/examining-associations-between-school-food-environment-characteristics-and-sugar-sweetened-beverage-consumption-among-canadian-secondary-school-students-in-the-compass-study
#1
Katelyn M Godin, Ashok Chaurasia, David Hammond, Scott T Leatherdale
OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between Canadian adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption and several school food environment characteristics, and to investigate differences in these characteristics between schools in provinces with voluntary (Alberta) v. mandatory (Ontario) provincial school nutrition policies. DESIGN: We used a questionnaire to assess the number of weekdays participants consumed three SSB categories (soft drinks, sweetened coffees/teas, energy drinks) and various sociodemographic and behavioural characteristics...
May 21, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777016/clinical-utility-of-electronic-alberta-stroke-program-early-computed-tomography-score-software-in-the-enchanted-trial-database
#2
Simon Nagel, Xia Wang, Cheryl Carcel, Thompson Robinson, Richard I Lindley, John Chalmers, Craig S Anderson
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Clinical utility of electronic Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (e-ASPECTS), an automated system for quantifying signs of infarction, was evaluated in a large database of thrombolyzed patients with acute ischemic stroke. METHODS: All baseline noncontrast computed tomographic scans of patients with anterior circulation acute ischemic stroke who participated in the alteplase dose arm of the randomized controlled trial ENCHANTED (Enhanced Control of Hypertension and Thrombolysis Stroke Study) were reviewed; poor quality and large (>6 mm) slice thickness were excluded...
May 18, 2018: Stroke; a Journal of Cerebral Circulation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29773622/genome-sequences-of-13-isolates-of-salmonella-enterica-serovar-typhimurium-var-copenhagen-obtained-from-wild-pigeons-in-canada
#3
Bridget Xie, Andrée Ann Dupras, Marc-Olivier Duceppe, Nooshin Fattahi-Ghazi, Lawrence Goodridge, Dele Ogunremi
Pigeon-adapted strains of Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium var. Copenhagen phage types 2 and 99 obtained from the provinces of Alberta, British Columbia, and Ontario, Canada, were analyzed using whole-genome sequencing. All isolates contained the Salmonella virulence plasmid despite the low pathogenicity of this lineage in their avian host.
May 17, 2018: Genome Announcements
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772918/cutaneous-nontuberculous-mycobacterial-infections-in-alberta-canada-an-epidemiologic-study-and-review
#4
Megan A Sander, Judith L Isaac-Renton, Gregory J Tyrrell
BACKGROUND: Cutaneous infections caused by nontuberculous mycobacteria (NTM) occur infrequently. Nonetheless, the incidence of NTM infections is reported to be increasing. In Canada, cutaneous NTM infections have not been well described. OBJECTIVES: A database review from 2006 to 2016 was done to assess species frequency, incidence, and trends of the most common cutaneous NTMs in the province of Alberta, Canada. We also reviewed major diagnostic and epidemiologic aspects of NTM cutaneous infections with a focus on Mycobacterium marinum...
May 1, 2018: Journal of Cutaneous Medicine and Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29772576/wake-up-stroke-versus-stroke-with-known-onset-time-clinical-and-multimodality-ct-imaging-characteristics
#5
Jan W Dankbaar, Henri P Bienfait, Coen van den Berg, Edwin Bennink, Alexander D Horsch, Tom van Seeters, Irene C van der Schaaf, L Jaap Kappelle, Birgitta K Velthuis
BACKGROUND: Current guidelines for the treatment of acute ischemic stroke are mainly based on the time between symptom onset and initiation of treatment. This time is unknown in patients with wake-up stroke (WUS). We investigated clinical and multimodality CT imaging characteristics on admission in patients with WUS and in patients with a stroke with a known onset time. METHODS: All patients were selected from a large prospective cohort study (Dutch acute stroke study)...
May 17, 2018: Cerebrovascular Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29771832/growth-factors-release-from-concentrated-growth-factors-effect-of-%C3%AE-tricalcium-phosphate-addition
#6
Veronica Bonazza, Christopher Hajistilly, Dinker Patel, Jatan Patel, Rita Woo, Marco Angelo Cocchi, Barbara Buffoli, Davide Lancini, Ezio Gheno, Rita Rezzani, Sadia Jahanzeb, Adrian Hunnisett, Maher Almasri, Alberta Greco Lucchina, Matteo Brucoli, Carmen Mortellaro, Luigi Fabrizio Rodella
BACKGROUND: Platelet concentrates represent a new approach to improve tissue regeneration and can be used alone or together with autogenous bone, recombinant human growth factors, and/or other biomaterials, to enhance tissue regeneration. Among platelet concentrates, concentrated growth factors (CGFs) exhibit an interesting clinical and biotechnological application potential. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the in vitro release of 4 growth factors (bone morphogenetic proteins [BMP] -2, BMP-7, transforming growth factor [TGF] -β1, and insulin-like growth factor [IGF] -1) by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique, in CGFs mixed or not with β-tricalcium phosphate (β-TCP), using or not the Round-up device, at different times...
May 15, 2018: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770083/an-outbreak-of-shiga-toxin-producing-escherichia-coli-o121-infections-associated-with-flour-canada-2016-2017-%C3%A2
#7
V Morton, J M Cheng, D Sharma, A Kearney
As of May 23, 2017, 29 cases of a new Escherichia coli O121 infection have been identified in six provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Newfoundland and Labrador, Ontario, Quebec and Saskatchewan) linked with the consumption of uncooked flour. One additional case was identified in a U.S. resident who traveled to Canada during the exposure period. Patients' ages ranged from 2-79 years (median = 23.5 years) and 50% were female. Eight patients were hospitalized, and one developed hemolytic uremic syndrome. Because of the recent emergence of E...
July 6, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770057/aids-in-canada-surveillance-report-2016
#8
L Jonah, A C Bourgeois, M Edmunds, A Awan, O Varsaneux, W Siu
Background: Although there continues to be a global epidemic of people living with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) there has been a decrease in the number of people dying of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS), largely due to successful treatment with antiretroviral therapy. Objective: To provide a descriptive overview of the reported cases of AIDS in Canada by identifying trends by geographic location, sex, age group and mortality. While the descriptive analysis focuses on the year 2016, results are presented for reported cases from the beginning of national AIDS surveillance in 1979...
December 7, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770045/surveillance-for-lyme-disease-in-canada-2009-2015
#9
S Gasmi, N H Ogden, L R Lindsay, S Burns, S Fleming, J Badcock, S Hanan, C Gaulin, M A Leblanc, C Russell, M Nelder, L Hobbs, S Graham-Derham, L Lachance, A N Scott, E Galanis, J K Koffi
Objective: To summarize seven years of surveillance data for Lyme disease cases reported in Canada from 2009 to 2015. Methods: We describe the incidence over time, seasonal and geographic distribution, demographic and clinical characteristics of reported Lyme disease cases. Logistic regression was used to explore differences between age groups, sex and year to better understand potential demographic risk factors for the occurrence of Lyme disease. Results: The number of reported Lyme disease cases increased more than six-fold, from 144 in 2009 to 917 in 2015, mainly due to an increase in infections acquired in Canada...
October 5, 2017: Canada Communicable Disease Report, Relevé des Maladies Transmissibles Au Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29766659/prognosis-of-patients-with-hepatocellular-carcinoma-treated-with-sorafenib-a-comparison-of-five-models-in-a-large-canadian-database
#10
Haider H Samawi, Hao-Wen Sim, Kelvin K Chan, Mohammad A Alghamdi, Richard M Lee-Ying, Jennifer J Knox, Parneet Gill, Adriana Romagnino, Eugene Batuyong, Yoo-Joung Ko, Janine M Davies, Howard J Lim, Winson Y Cheung, Vincent C Tam
Several systems (tumor-node-metastasis [TNM], Barcelona Clinic Liver Cancer [BCLC], Okuda, Cancer of the Liver Italian Program [CLIP], and albumin-bilirubin grade [ALBI]) were developed to estimate the prognosis of patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) mostly prior to the prevalent use of sorafenib. We aimed to compare the prognostic and discriminatory power of these models in predicting survival for HCC patients treated with sorafenib and to identify independent prognostic factors for survival in this population...
May 15, 2018: Cancer Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765883/the-validity-of-two-neuromotor-assessments-for-predicting-motor-performance-at-12-months-in-preterm-infants
#11
You Hong Song, Hyun Jung Chang, Yong Beom Shin, Young Sook Park, Yun Hee Park, Eun Sol Cho
Objective: To evaluate the validity of the Test of Infant Motor Performance (TIMP) and general movements (GMs) assessment for predicting Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) score at 12 months in preterm infants. Methods: A total of 44 preterm infants who underwent the GMs and TIMP at 1 month and 3 months of corrected age (CA) and whose motor performance was evaluated using AIMS at 12 months CA were included. GMs were judged as abnormal on basis of poor repertoire or cramped-synchronized movements at 1 month CA and abnormal or absent fidgety movement at 3 months CA...
April 2018: Annals of Rehabilitation Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29765394/mechanical-thrombectomy-in-elderly-stroke-patients-with-mild-to-moderate-baseline-disability
#12
Diana E Slawski, Hisham Salahuddin, Julie Shawver, Cynthia L Kenmuir, Gretchen E Tietjen, Andrea Korsnack, Syed F Zaidi, Mouhammad A Jumaa
Background: The number of elderly patients suffering from ischemic stroke is rising. Randomized trials of mechanical thrombectomy (MT) generally exclude patients over the age of 80 years with baseline disability. The aim of this study was to understand the efficacy and safety of MT in elderly patients, many of whom may have baseline impairment. Methods: Between January 2015 and April 2017, 96 patients ≥80 years old who underwent MT for stroke were selected for a chart review...
April 2018: Interventional Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29762504/remote-sensing-of-wildland-fire-induced-risk-assessment-at-the-community-level
#13
M Razu Ahmed, Khan Rubayet Rahaman, Quazi K Hassan
Wildland fires are some of the critical natural hazards that pose a significant threat to the communities located in the vicinity of forested/vegetated areas. In this paper, our overall objective was to study the structural damages due to the 2016 Horse River Fire (HRF) that happened in Fort McMurray (Alberta, Canada) by employing primarily very high spatial resolution optical satellite data, i.e., WorldView-2. Thus, our activities included the: (i) estimation of the structural damages; and (ii) delineation of the wildland-urban interface (WUI) and its associated buffers at certain intervals, and their utilization in assessing potential risks...
May 15, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760260/older-patient-engagement-in-advance-care-planning-in-canadian-primary-care-practices-results-of-a-multisite-survey
#14
Michelle Howard, Carrie Bernard, Doug Klein, Amy Tan, Marissa Slaven, Doris Barwich, John J You, Gabriel Asselin, Jessica Simon, Daren K Heyland
OBJECTIVE: To assess primary care patients' engagement in advance care planning (ACP) and predictors of engagement. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey using a revised version of a validated questionnaire. SETTING: Alberta, Ontario, and British Columbia. PARTICIPANTS: Convenience sample of 20 family practices that provided a consecutive sample of 810 patients aged 50 years and older. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Engagement in ACP activities, and sociodemographic and health-related predictors of having engaged in ACP activities...
May 2018: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760046/dual-hdac-and-pi3k-inhibition-abrogates-nf%C3%AE%C2%BAb-and-foxm1-mediated-dna-damage-response-to-radiosensitize-pediatric-high-grade-gliomas
#15
Sharmistha Pal, David Kozono, Xiaodong Yang, Wojciech Fendler, Whitney Fitts, Jing Ni, John A Alberta, Jean Zhao, Kevin X Liu, Jie Bian, Nathalene Truffaux, William A Weiss, Adam C Resnick, Pratiti Bandopadhayay, Keith L Ligon, Steven G Dubois, Sabine Mueller, Dipanjan Chowdhury, Daphne A Haas-Kogan
Aberrant chromatin remodeling and activation of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) pathway have been identified as important mediators of pediatric high-grade glioma (pHGG) and diffuse intrinsic pontine glioma (DIPG) pathogenesis. As inhibition of these pathways are promising therapeutic avenues and radiation is the only modality to prolong survival of DIPG patients, we sought to explore radiosensitizing functions of such inhibition and explore mechanisms of action of such agents. Here we demonstrate that combined treatment with radiotherapy and CUDC-907, a novel first-in-class dual inhibitor of histone deacetylases (HDAC) and PI3K, evokes a potent cytotoxic response in pHGG and DIPG models...
May 14, 2018: Cancer Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29760012/agreement-between-core-laboratory-and-study-investigators-for-imaging-scores-in-a-thrombectomy-trial
#16
Robert Fahed, Malek Ben Maacha, Célina Ducroux, Naim Khoury, Raphaël Blanc, Michel Piotin, Bertrand Lapergue
PURPOSE: We aimed to assess the agreement between study investigators and the core laboratory (core lab) of a thrombectomy trial for imaging scores. METHODS: The Alberta Stroke Program Early CT Score (ASPECTS), the European Collaborative Acute Stroke Study (ECASS) hemorrhagic transformation (HT) classification, and the Thrombolysis In Cerebral Infarction (TICI) scores as recorded by study investigators were compared with the core lab scores in order to assess interrater agreement, using Cohen's unweighted and weighted kappa statistics...
May 14, 2018: Journal of Neurointerventional Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29759976/missed-opportunities-for-prevention-of-vertical-hiv-transmission-in-canada-1997-2016-a-surveillance-study
#17
Ari Bitnun, Terry Lee, Jason Brophy, Lindy M Samson, Fatima Kakkar, Wendy Vaudry, Ben Tan, Deborah M Money, Joel Singer, Laura J Sauvé, Ariane Alimenti
BACKGROUND: Vertical HIV transmission has declined in Canada, but missed opportunities for prevention continue to occur. We sought to determine the adequacy, and changes over time in adequacy, of uptake of maternal and neonatal antiretroviral therapy for the prevention of vertical HIV transmission, and to determine the vertical transmission rate over time and according to adequacy of antenatal antiretroviral therapy during the combination antiretroviral therapy era in Canada. METHODS: The Canadian Perinatal HIV Surveillance Program collects data annually through retrospective chart review concerning HIV-infected women and their infants...
May 10, 2018: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29754195/three-different-motor-task-strategies-to-assess-neuromuscular-adjustments-during-fatiguing-muscle-contractions-in-young-and-older-men
#18
Laura Kyguoliene, Albertas Skurvydas, Nerijus Eimantas, Neringa Baranauskiene, Rasa Steponaviciute, Laura Daniuseviciute, Henrikas Paulauskas, Margarita Cernych, Marius Brazaitis
Healthy aging is associated with a marked decline in motor performance. The functional consequences of applying varying novel or unexpected motor stimuli during intermittent isometric prolonged (fatiguing) motor tasks for lower limb neuromuscular fatigability and steadiness, perception of effort, and blood markers of stress in healthy aged men compared with young men have not been investigated. The participants in this study were 15 young men (aged 22 ± 4 years) and 10 older men (aged 67 ± 6 years)...
May 12, 2018: Experimental Brain Research. Experimentelle Hirnforschung. Expérimentation Cérébrale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29753349/can-severity-outweigh-smaller-numbers-a-deliberative-perspective-from-canada
#19
Monica Magalhaes
OBJECTIVES: To use structured deliberation to elicit and describe the values of the public in Alberta, Canada, on the question of whether the severity of a rare condition can justify it being given priority in funding over common conditions affecting larger numbers of patients, and what aspects of a condition drive this judgment. METHODS: Thematic analysis of transcripts of a group deliberative exercise carried out as part of two citizens' juries. The exercise was designed to elicit participants' conception of disease severity, and trade-offs between helping small groups with severe conditions and larger groups with less severe conditions...
May 2018: Value in Health: the Journal of the International Society for Pharmacoeconomics and Outcomes Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29752497/motorized-activity-on-legacy-seismic-lines-a-predictive-modeling-approach-to-prioritize-restoration-efforts
#20
M L Hornseth, K E Pigeon, D MacNearney, T A Larsen, G Stenhouse, J Cranston, L Finnegan
Natural regeneration of seismic lines, cleared for hydrocarbon exploration, is slow and often hindered by vegetation damage, soil compaction, and motorized human activity. There is an extensive network of seismic lines in western Canada which is known to impact forest ecosystems, and seismic lines have been linked to declines in woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou). Seismic line restoration is costly, but necessary for caribou conservation to reduce cumulative disturbance. Understanding where motorized activity may be impeding regeneration of seismic lines will aid in prioritizing restoration...
May 11, 2018: Environmental Management
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