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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27894822/a-parallel-group-randomised-open-blinded-evaluation-of-acceptance-and-commitment-therapy-for-depression-after-psychosis-pilot-trial-outcomes-adapt
#1
Andrew Gumley, Ross White, Andy Briggs, Ian Ford, Sarah Barry, Corinna Stewart, Sara Beedie, Jacqueline McTaggart, Caoimhe Clarke, Rachel MacLeod, Emma Lidstone, Bruno Salgado Riveros, Robin Young, Hamish McLeod
BACKGROUND: Depression is one of the major contributors to poorer quality of life amongst individuals with psychosis and schizophrenia. The study was designed as a Pilot Trial to determine the parameters of a larger, definitive pragmatic multi-centre randomised controlled trial of Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for depression after psychosis (ACTdp) for individuals with a diagnosis of schizophrenia who also meet diagnostic criteria for major depression. METHODS: Participants were required to meet criteria for schizophrenia and major depression...
November 25, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27884849/access-hd-pilot-a-randomised-feasibility-trial-comparing-catheters-with-fistulas-in-elderly-patients-starting-haemodialysis
#2
Robert Quinn, Pietro Ravani
INTRODUCTION: The selection of the type of vascular access for haemodialysis is an important intervention question. However, only observational studies are available to inform decision-making in this area, and they are at high risk of selection bias. While a clinical trial comparing the effects of the 2 most frequently chosen strategies for haemodialysis access (fistulas and catheters) on patient important and 'hard' clinical end points is needed, the feasibility of such a trial is uncertain...
November 24, 2016: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27872587/the-association-between-anomalous-self-experiences-self-esteem-and-depressive-symptoms-in-first-episode-schizophrenia
#3
Elisabeth Haug, Merete G Øie, Ole A Andreassen, Unni Bratlien, Kristin L Romm, Paul Møller, Ingrid Melle
Background: Anomalous self-experiences (ASEs) aggregate in schizophrenia spectrum disorders, but the relationship between ASEs, and depression has been studied to a limited extent. Lower self-esteem has been shown to be associated with depression in early psychosis. Our hypothesis is that ASEs in early phases of schizophrenia are linked to lower levels of self-esteem, which in turn is associated with depression. Aim: The aim is to examine the relationship between ASEs, self-esteem and depression in first-episode schizophrenia spectrum disorders...
2016: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27860040/lesion-heterogeneity-and-risk-of-infectious-complications-following-peripheral-endobronchial-ultrasound
#4
Marc Fortin, Niloofar Taghizadeh, Alex Chee, Christopher A Hergott, Elaine Dumoulin, Alain Tremblay, Paul MacEachern
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: The reported incidence of peripheral endobronchial ultrasound (pEBUS)-related infectious complications is below 1%, although studies have never focused solely on them or reported their risk factors. The goal of this study is to describe our local pEBUS infectious complication rate and characterize patient, lesion and procedural factors associated with infectious complications. METHODS: All charts, computed tomography scans and electronic records of patients who underwent a pEBUS at the Foothills Medical Center and South Health Campus Hospital in Calgary between 1 May 2014 and 1 October 2015 were reviewed...
November 18, 2016: Respirology: Official Journal of the Asian Pacific Society of Respirology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27859951/the-effectiveness-of-therapeutic-conversation-intervention-for-caregivers-of-adolescents-with-adhd-a-quasi-experimental-design
#5
M Gisladottir, E K Svavarsdottir
: WHAT IS KNOWN ON THE SUBJECT?: Caregivers of adolescents with ADHD experience major difficulties as care providers and are in need of guidance and support. Adolescents with ADHD may develop oppositional and criminal behaviour. More than 50 % have the symptoms in adulthood, and up to one-fourth with severe emotional or antisocial difficulties. There is a lack of evidence of caregivers' supporting intervention although caregiver groups have been found to contribute to better coping, decreased stress and improvements in ADHD symptoms...
November 18, 2016: Journal of Psychiatric and Mental Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847352/the-effects-of-an-e-mental-health-program-and-job-coaching-on-the-risk-of-major-depression-and-productivity-in-canadian-male-workers-protocol-for-a-randomized-controlled-trial
#6
JianLi Wang, Scott B Patten, Raymond W Lam, Mark Attridge, Kendall Ho, Norbert Schmitz, Alain Marchand, Bonnie M Lashewicz
BACKGROUND: Major depression (MDE) is prevalent in men and affects men's health and productivity. Because of the stigma against depression and social/gender norms, men are less likely to seek help for emotion and stress-related issues. Therefore, innovative solutions tailored for men are needed. With rapid development of the Internet and information technologies, one promising solution that has drawn considerable attentions is electronic mental (e-mental) health programs and services...
November 15, 2016: JMIR Research Protocols
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27846918/neurology-health-advocacy-curriculum-needs-assessment-curricular-content-and-underlying-components
#7
Ahmad Rida Abuzinadah, Lara Cooke
BACKGROUND: Lack of a health advocacy curriculum and clarity are obstacles for effectively teaching neurology health advocacy (NHA) to neurology residents. Our purpose is to assess the need and develop content for a NHA curriculum and to describe its underlying components. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study with two steps. In step one, neurologists and neurology residents at University of Calgary were surveyed about their perception of teaching NHA and asked to rank 56 neurological diseases on a Likert scale based on how well they lend themselves to teaching health advocacy...
November 16, 2016: Canadian Journal of Neurological Sciences. le Journal Canadien des Sciences Neurologiques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27836262/tissue-interface-pressure-and-skin-integrity-in-critically-ill-mechanically-ventilated-patients
#8
Mary Jo Grap, Cindy L Munro, Paul A Wetzel, Christine M Schubert, Anathea Pepperl, Ruth S Burk, Valentina Lucas
OBJECTIVE: To describe tissue interface pressure, time spent above critical pressure levels and the effect on skin integrity at seven anatomical locations. DESIGN, SETTING, PATIENTS: Descriptive, longitudinal study in critically ill mechanically ventilated adults, from Surgical Trauma ICU-STICU; Medical Respiratory ICU-MRICU; Neuroscience ICU-NSICU in a Mid-Atlantic urban university medical centre. Subjects were enroled in the study within 24hours of intubation...
November 8, 2016: Intensive & Critical Care Nursing: the Official Journal of the British Association of Critical Care Nurses
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835719/adjunctive-taurine-in-first-episode-psychosis-a-phase-2-double-blind-randomized-placebo-controlled-study
#9
Colin P O'Donnell, Kelly A Allott, Brendan P Murphy, Hok Pan Yuen, Tina-Marie Proffitt, Alicia Papas, Jennifer Moral, Tee Pham, Michaela K O'Regan, Christina Phassouliotis, Raelene Simpson, Patrick D McGorry
OBJECTIVE: Taurine is an inhibitory neuromodulatory amino acid in the central nervous system that activates the GABA- and glycine-insensitive chloride channel and inhibits the N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor. It also functions as a neuroprotective agent and has a role in neural development and neurogenesis. The aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of adjunctive taurine in improving symptomatology and cognition among patients with a DSM-IV first-episode psychotic disorder. METHODS: 121 patients with first-episode psychosis, aged 18-25 years, attending early intervention services consented to participate in this randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted from January 2007 to May 2009...
November 8, 2016: Journal of Clinical Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27822871/readiness-for-teledentistry-validation-of-a-tool-for-oral-health-professionals
#10
Preethy Nayar, Kimberly K McFarland, Aastha Chandak, Niodita Gupta
We validated a survey tool to test the readiness of oral health professionals for teledentistry (TD). The survey tool, the University of Calgary Health Telematics Unit's Practitioner Readiness Assessment Tool (PRAT) gathered information about the participants' beliefs, attitudes and readiness for TD before and after a teledentistry training program developed for a rural state in the Mid-Western United States. Ninety-three dental students, oral health and other health professionals participated in the TD training program and responded to the survey...
January 2017: Journal of Medical Systems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27819217/slow-or-swift-your-patients-experience-won-t-drift-absence-of-correlation-between-physician-productivity-and-the-patient-experience
#11
Kasia Lenz, Andrew McRae, Dongmei Wang, Benjamin Higgins, Grant Innes, Timothy Cook, Eddy Lang
: Absract OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between Emergency Physician (EP) productivity and patient satisfaction with Emergency Department (ED) care. METHODS: This retrospective observational study linked administrative and patient experience databases to measure correlations between the patient experience and EP productivity. The study was performed across three Calgary EDs (from June 2010 to July 2013). Patients>16 years old with completed Health Quality Council of Alberta (HQCA) ED Patient Experience Surveys were included...
November 7, 2016: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27808027/evaluating-innovations-in-home-care-for-performance-accountability
#12
Barbara Collister, Abram Gutscher, Jana Ambrogiano
Concerns about rising costs and the sustainability of our healthcare system have led to a drive for innovative solutions and accountability for performance. Integrated Home Care, Calgary Zone, Alberta Health Services went beyond traditional accountability measures to use evaluation methodology to measure the progress of complex innovations to its organization structure and service delivery model. This paper focuses on the first two phases of a three-phase evaluation. The results of the first two phases generated learning about innovation adoption and sustainability, and performance accountability at the program-level of a large publicly funded healthcare organization...
2016: Healthcare Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27803206/effect-of-a-person-centered-course-on-the-empathic-ability-of-dental-students
#13
Julien Rosenzweig, Alessandra Blaizot, Nancie Cougot, Estelle Pegon-Machat, Olivier Hamel, Nareg Apelian, Christophe Bedos, Maria-Teresa Munoz-Sastre, Jean-Noel Vergnes
Person-centered or patient-centered care (PCC) focuses on the individual's needs and concerns. Although PCC is widely acknowledged as a core value of modern medicine, there has been a lack of research on how dental curricula could engage future dentists in PCC approaches. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of a PCC course on empathy in dental students. A controlled study was conducted with fourth-year dental students in four dental faculties in France in 2014-15. The test group (n=63) received 20 hours of PCC training including arts-based approaches, narrative dentistry activities, and workshops on communication based on the Calgary-Cambridge guide...
November 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789192/surgical-skill-assessment-using-motion-quality-and-smoothness
#14
Ahmad Ghasemloonia, Yaser Maddahi, Kourosh Zareinia, Sanju Lama, Joseph C Dort, Garnette R Sutherland
OBJECTIVES: This article presents a quantitative technique to assess motion quality and smoothness during the performance of micromanipulation tasks common to surgical maneuvers. The objective is to investigate the effectiveness of the jerk index, a derivative of acceleration with respect to time, as a kinetostatic measure for assessment of surgical performance. DESIGN: A surgical forceps was instrumented with a position tracker and accelerometer that allowed measurement of position and acceleration relative to tool motion...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Surgical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27789187/validation-study-of-the-medication-adherence-rating-scale-results-from-the-face-sz-national-dataset
#15
Guillaume Fond, Laurent Boyer, Mohamed Boucekine, Latif A Aden, Franck Schürhoff, Arnaud Tessier, Meja Andrianarisoa, Fabrice Berna, Lore Brunel, Delphine Capdevielle, Isabelle Chereau, Jasmina Mallet, Hélène Denizot, Jean Michel Dorey, Caroline Dubertret, Julien Dubreucq, Catherine Faget, Franck Gabayet, Romain Rey, Raphaelle Richieri, Christine Passerieux, Aurélie Schandrin, Mathieu Urbach, Pierre Vidailhet, Pierre Michel Llorca, David Misdrahi
OBJECTIVE: The Medication Adherence Rating Scale (MARS) is one of the most widely used measurements of adherence in schizophrenia (SZ). However, the data available regarding its psychometric properties are scarce. The aim of this study was to provide new data regarding the psychometric properties of the MARS in a multicenter community-dwelling sample of SZ patients. METHODS: This study was conducted in the French National network of the 10 FondaMental Expert Centers for SZ...
October 24, 2016: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27779811/biofilm-formation-and-antimicrobial-susceptibility-of-staphylococci-and-enterococci-from-osteomyelitis-associated-with-percutaneous-orthopaedic-implants
#16
Magdalena Zaborowska, Jonatan Tillander, Rickard Brånemark, Lars Hagberg, Peter Thomsen, Margarita Trobos
Staphylococci and enterococci account for most deep infections associated with bone-anchored percutaneous implants for amputation treatment. Implant-associated infections are difficult to treat; therefore, it is important to investigate if these infections have a biofilm origin and to determine the biofilm antimicrobial susceptibility to improve treatment strategies. The aims were: (i) to test a novel combination of the Calgary biofilm device and a custom-made susceptibility MIC plate (Sensititre(®) ), (ii) to determine the biofilm formation and antimicrobial resistance in clinical isolates causing implant-associated osteomyelitis, and (iii) to describe the associated clinical outcome...
October 25, 2016: Journal of Biomedical Materials Research. Part B, Applied Biomaterials
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27768141/factors-associated-with-post-traumatic-growth-quality-of-life-and-spiritual-well-being-in-outpatients-undergoing-bone-marrow-transplantation-a-pilot-study
#17
Shane Sinclair, Reanne Booker, Tak Fung, Shelley Raffin-Bouchal, Bert Enns, Kate Beamer, Naree Ager
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To examine the relationships between spiritual, religious, and sociodemographic factors and post-traumatic growth, quality of life, and spiritual well-being in outpatients undergoing bone marrow and/or stem cell transplantation (BMSCT).
. DESIGN: Cross-sectional, descriptive, exploratory.
. SETTING: Outpatient bone marrow transplantation clinic at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 100 patients (21 pre-BMSCT and 79 post-BMSCT) accrued consecutively via non-probability sampling...
November 1, 2016: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765172/a-series-of-transbronchial-removal-of-intracavitary-pulmonary-aspergilloma
#18
David R Stather, Alain Tremblay, Elaine Dumoulin, Paul MacEachern, Alex Chee, Christopher Hergott, Jacob Gelberg, Gary A Gelfand, Paul Burrowes, John H MacGregor, Christopher H Mody
BACKGROUND: Intracavitary pulmonary aspergilloma is a chronic, debilitating fungal infection. Without definitive therapy, death can occur from massive hemoptysis, cachexia, or secondary infection. Although surgical resection is the standard therapy, it is not possible for many patients owing to poor pulmonary function or medical comorbidities. Aspergilloma removal through bronchoscopy is an important alternative therapy that may be available in select cases. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed all cases referred to the University of Calgary Interventional Pulmonary Service for transbronchial removal of intracavitary aspergilloma from January 1, 2009, to January 1, 2014...
October 17, 2016: Annals of Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763838/supportive-neighbourhood-built-characteristics-and-dog-walking-in-canadian-adults
#19
Gavin R McCormack, Taryn M Graham, Hayley Christian, Ann M Toohey, Melanie J Rock
OBJECTIVES: Our study objectives were to: 1) estimate differences in perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment among non-dog-owners, owners who walk their dogs (dog-walkers) and owners who do not walk their dogs (non-dog-walkers), and 2) estimate associations between perceptions of the neighbourhood built environment and dog-walking frequency. METHOD: A random cross-section of Calgary adults completed telephone interviews during August-October 2007 (n = 2,199, response rate = 33...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27763768/how-and-where-parents-of-infants-and-young-children-want-to-receive-nutrition-information
#20
Bria Dexter, Sarah Frank, Louise Seguin
PURPOSE: To understand how and where parents of infants and young children (children ≤5 years old) prefer to receive nutrition information. METHODS: A 1-page survey was developed and pilot tested at 2 community agencies. The final survey was distributed at 18 community health centres (CHCs) in Calgary and surrounding rural areas. Any parent attending a well-child visit (child ≤5 years old) was able to participate. RESULTS: Five hundred and twenty-nine surveys were completed...
October 20, 2016: Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research
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