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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28636572/mood-symptoms-in-stabilized-patients-with-schizophrenia-a-bipolar-type-with-predominant-psychotic-features
#1
Konstantinos N Fountoulakis, Dina Popovic, Mariela Mosheva, Melina Siamouli, Katerina Moutou, Xenia Gonda
BACKGROUND: Schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BD) are traditionally distinguished on the basis of progressive deterioration and long-term outcome, but a more dimensional approach is warranted. There are limited data on the occurrence of manic symptoms in patients with schizophrenia. The aim of the current study was to search for patterns in the clinical symptomatology, which may suggest the presence of one or several mood disorders under the label of schizophrenia. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: Hundred-seventy-five patients diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-5 were included in the study...
June 2017: Psychiatria Danubina
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632480/healthcare-contacts-among-patients-lost-to-follow-up-in-hiv-care-review-of-a-large-regional-cohort-utilizing-electronic-health-records
#2
William J Connors, Hartmut B Krentz, M John Gill
In the United States 40% of HIV patients are lost to follow-up (LTFU) following linkage to HIV care and an estimated 30-61% of new HIV transmissions are attributed to this group. To characterize those LTFU and healthcare contacts they make, we retrospectively analyzed a large regional HIV cohort in Calgary, Canada, utilizing a province-wide electronic health record. Adults engaged in HIV care between January 2010 and August 2014 who had >12 months without HIV clinic contact were identified as LTFU. Of 1928 individuals engaged in care, 176 became LTFU with 64% having no healthcare contacts, 20% receiving HIV care elsewhere, and 16% making non-HIV healthcare contacts...
January 1, 2017: International Journal of STD & AIDS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28632242/exploring-gender-differences-in-self-reported-physical-activity-and-health-among-older-caregivers
#3
Colleen A Cuthbert, Kathryn King-Shier, Dianne Tapp, Dean Ruether, S Nicole Culos-Reed
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVES: To document self-reported physical health and activity levels of older caregivers. Gender differences in physical health, physical activity levels, and predictors of physical activity were also examined.
. DESIGN: A cross-sectional study.
. SETTING: Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Alberta, Canada.
. SAMPLE: 130 caregivers aged 60 years or older caring for individuals with breast, prostate, or colorectal cancer...
July 1, 2017: Oncology Nursing Forum
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627227/smarter-sole-survival
#4
Bijan Najafi, Eyal Ron, Ana Enriquez, Ivan Marin, Javad Razjouyan, David G Armstrong
OBJECTIVE: This study examined adherence to alert-based cues for plantar pressure offloading in patients with diabetic foot disease. METHOD AND DESIGN: Participants (n = 17) with in diabetic foot remission (history of neuropathic ulceration) were instructed to wear a smart insole system (the SurroSense Rx, Orpyx Medical Technologies Inc, Calgary, Canada) over a three-month period. This device is designed to cue offloading to manage unprotected sustained plantar pressures in an effort to prevent foot ulceration...
January 1, 2017: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28622940/feasibility-of-performing-non-contrast-magnetic-resonance-angiography-in-pregnant-subjects-with-familial-aortopathies
#5
William E Moody, Luke Pickup, Emma Plunkett, John Fryearson, Paul F Clift, R Katie Morris, Peter J Thompson, Sara Thorne, Lucy E Hudsmith
BACKGROUND: Pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of aortic pathology. We sought to assess the feasibility of performing non-contrast 3D steady-state free-precession (SSFP) magnetic resonance angiography (MRA) in pregnant subjects with inherited aortopathy. METHODS: Fifteen pregnant subjects (age 27±4yr) with positive genotyping for aortopathy (Marfan, Loeys-Dietz, Ehlers-Danlos) and/or a family history of aortic dissection underwent non-contrast 3D-SSFP MRA at 1...
June 2, 2017: International Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28621647/timeliness-and-completeness-of-routine-childhood-vaccinations-in-children-by-two-years-of-age-in-alberta-canada
#6
Vineet Saini, Shannon E MacDonald, Deborah A McNeil, Sheila W McDonald, James D Kellner, Sarah A Edwards, Victoria Stagg, Suzanne Tough
OBJECTIVES: Assessing timeliness and completeness of vaccine administration is important for evaluating the effectiveness of immunization programs. Few studies have reported timeliness, particularly in Canada. The objective of this study was to examine timeliness of the receipt of vaccination for each routine childhood recommended vaccine by 24 months of age among children in a community-based pregnancy cohort in Calgary, Alberta. METHODS: Survey data from a community-based pregnancy cohort in Alberta were linked to Public Health vaccination records of children (n = 2763)...
June 16, 2017: Canadian Journal of Public Health. Revue Canadienne de Santé Publique
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28620752/fatty-metaplasia-quantification-and-impact-on-regional-myocardial-function-as-assessed-by-advanced-cardiac-mr-imaging
#7
Tomas Lapinskas, Bernhard Schnackenburg, Marc Kouwenhoven, Rolf Gebker, Alexander Berger, Remigijus Zaliunas, Burkert Pieske, Sebastian Kelle
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to investigate the advantages of recently developed cardiac imaging techniques of fat-water separation and feature tracking to characterize better individuals with chronic myocardial infarction (MI). MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty patients who had a previous MI underwent CMR imaging. The study protocol included routine cine and late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) technique. In addition, mDixon LGE imaging was performed in every patient. Left ventricular (LV) circumferential (EccLV) and radial (ErrLV) strain were calculated using dedicated software (CMR(42), Circle, Calgary, Canada)...
June 15, 2017: Magma
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28619426/hospitalization-is-associated-with-subsequent-disability-in-multiple-sclerosis
#8
Allan Garland, Luanne M Metz, Charles N Bernstein, Christine A Peschken, Carol A Hitchon, Ruth Ann Marrie
BACKGROUND: Although an increasing amount of research has evaluated interactions between MS and comorbid chronic disease, few data exist regarding the interactions between MS and acute illness. As compared to age and sex-matched persons without MS, persons with MS experience higher rates of hospitalization and critical illness, and higher mortality rates and health care utilization following critical illness. We aimed to determine whether acute illness requiring hospitalization is associated with progression of multiple sclerosis (MS)...
May 2017: Multiple Sclerosis and related Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617840/a-new-test-for-diagnosing-vasovagal-syncope-standing-after-treadmill-test-with-sublingual-nitrate-administration
#9
Tae-Hoon Kim, Ho-Jun Jang, Sihun Kim, Sung Yun Cho, Kyung Sun Song, Christopher Pickett, Heiko J Schmitt, Juyong Lee
INTRODUCTION: Increased adrenergic tone might be an additional trigger of orthostatic stress of vasovagal syncope (VVS). Exercise before standing might provide increased sensitivity compared to standing using a sublingual nitroglycerines protocol during tilt table testing. The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic value of treadmill testing before standing with nitroglycerin administration. METHODS AND RESULTS: A total of 36 patients with syncope or presyncope were enrolled for the test...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28614045/neighbourhood-built-environment-characteristics-associated-with-different-types-of-physical-activity-in-canadian-adults
#10
Gavin R McCormack
INTRODUCTION: The aim of this study was to estimate the associations between neighbourhood built environment characteristics and transportation walking (TW), recreational walking (RW), and moderate-intensity (MPA) and vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) in adults independent of sociodemographic characteristics and residential self-selection (i.e. the reasons related to physical activity associated with a person's choice of neighbourhood). METHODS: In 2007 and 2008, 4423 Calgary adults completed land-based telephone interviews capturing physical activity, sociodemographic characteristics and reasons for residential self-selection...
June 2017: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605433/sociodemographic-correlates-of-clinical-laboratory-test-expenditures-in-a-major-canadian-city
#11
Jocelyn Barber, Maggie Guo, Leonard T Nguyen, Roger Thomas, Tanvir Chowdhury Turin, Marcus Vaska, Christopher Naugler
Objectives: The increasing cost of clinical laboratory testing is a challenge in our health care system. This study aims to calculate the annual clinical laboratory test costs attributed to patients in a major Canadian city and to correlate them to their sociodemographic variables. Methods: Retrospective cohort study involving patients who received clinical chemistry, hematology, and microbiology tests in 2011 in Calgary, Canada (n = 610,409). Test volumes were obtained from a laboratory informatics database...
June 12, 2017: American Journal of Clinical Pathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603434/investigating-a-self-scoring-interview-simulation-for-learning-and-assessment-in-the-medical-consultation
#12
Catherine Bruen, Clarence Kreiter, Vincent Wade, Teresa Pawlikowska
Experience with simulated patients supports undergraduate learning of medical consultation skills. Adaptive simulations are being introduced into this environment. The authors investigate whether it can underpin valid and reliable assessment by conducting a generalizability analysis using IT data analytics from the interaction of medical students (in psychiatry) with adaptive simulations to explore the feasibility of adaptive simulations for supporting automated learning and assessment. The generalizability (G) study was focused on two clinically relevant variables: clinical decision points and communication skills...
2017: Advances in Medical Education and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28597107/microscopic-colitis-evolved-into-inflammatory-bowel-diseases-is-characterized-by-increased-th1-tc1-cells-in-colonic-mucosal-lamina-propria
#13
Ji Li, Yuchu Yan, Ziran Meng, Shuhong Liu, Paul L Beck, Subrata Ghosh, Jiaming Qian, Xianyong Gui
BACKGROUND: An association between microscopic colitis (MC), i.e., lymphocytic colitis (LC) and collagenous colitis (CC), and inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) has been noticed. A subset of MC cases may evolve into IBD, and IBD in remission may present as MC in a histologic pattern. Moreover, MC and IBD may coexist in different regions of the bowel. A link between MC and IBD in their pathogenesis is, therefore, suggested. Abnormal mucosal immunity is likely the key. METHODS: We reviewed 2324 MC cases in Calgary over 14 years and identified 20 cases evolved into IBD (IBD transformers)...
June 9, 2017: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596186/hepatitis-b-virus-testing-and-linkage-to-care-in-a-canadian-urban-tertiary-referral-centre-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#14
Keith C K Lau, Abdel Aziz Shaheen, Alexander A Aspinall, Tazuko Ricento Ba, Kamran Qureshi Mba, Stephen E Congly, Meredith A Borman, Saumya Jayakumar, Bertus Eksteen, Samuel S Lee, Laura Stinton, Mark G Swain, Kelly W Burak, Carla S Coffin
BACKGROUND: Despite universal vaccination, chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection remains a public health concern in North America owing to immigration. We aimed to characterize the number of people with a positive result of testing for HBV surface antigen (HBsAg) in Calgary, a large urban Canadian health care region, and to assess whether recommended laboratory tests and specialist consultation were done for those identified as HBsAg-positive. METHODS: Based on laboratory and Alberta Health Services administrative data, we identified all adults (age > 18 yr) with a positive HBsAg test result from Jan...
June 6, 2017: CMAJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28596023/prebiotic-reduces-body-fat-and-alters-intestinal-microbiota-in-children-with-overweight-or-obesity
#15
Alissa C Nicolucci, Megan P Hume, Inés Martínez, Shyamchand Mayengbam, Jens Walter, Raylene A Reimer
BACKGROUND & AIMS: It might be possible to manipulate the intestinal microbiota with prebiotics or other agents to prevent or treat obesity. However, little is known about the ability of prebiotics to specifically modify gut microbiota in children with overweight/obesity or reduce body weight. We performed a randomized controlled trial to study the effects of prebiotics on body composition, markers of inflammation, bile acids in fecal samples, and composition of the intestinal microbiota in children with overweight or obesity...
June 3, 2017: Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594056/the-effect-of-add-on-memantine-on-positive-negative-and-depressive-symptoms-of-schizophrenia-a-doubleblind-randomized-controlled-trial
#16
Victoria Omranifard, Fatemeh Rajabi, Maryam Mohammadian-Sichani, Mohammad Reza Maracy
treatment of schizophrenia, they don’t adequately address residual positive, negative and depressive symptoms. The aim of the present study is to assess the effect of adjunctive memantine treatment on positive, negative and depressive symptoms of schizophrenia. METHODS: This randomized, placebo-controlled study was conducted in Noor Hospital, Isfahan, Iran, 2013-2014; 32 patients in maintenance treatment were included in each group, using block sampling; inclusion criteria were age 18- 65 years, normal intellectual ability, being diagnosed with schizophrenia for the past two years, being treated with fixed doses of atypical antipsychotic for at least three months before randomization...
May 2017: Actas Españolas de Psiquiatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28580202/the-empty-chairs-approach-to-learning-simulation-based-train-the-trainer-program-in-mzuzu-malawi
#17
Elaine Sigalet, Ian Wishart, Norman Lufesi, Faizal Haji, Adam Dubrowski
Together, a group of Canadian colleagues from St. John's, Newfoundland, Calgary, Alberta (some via Doha) and London, Ontario introduced the first Train the Trainer in Simulation-Based Learning (TTT-SBL) program in Mzuzu Central Hospital and Mzuzu University in Malawi. The team led by Elaine Sigalet (Doha) and consisting of Ian Wishart (Calgary), Faizal Haji (London) and Adam Dubrowski (St. John's) was invited to Malawi by Norman Lufesi to conduct a two-day TTT-SBL course for facilitators who teach an Emergency Triage, Assessment and Treatment (ETAT) plus Trauma course...
May 1, 2017: Curēus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28577223/correspondence-between-negative-symptoms-and-potential-sources-of-secondary-negative-symptoms-over-time
#18
Aida Farreny, Mark Savill, Stefan Priebe
There has been a debate in the literature about the distinction between primary and secondary negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Our aim was to study the associations between negative symptoms and potential sources of secondary negative symptoms over time. A sample of 275 participants with at least mid-moderate negative symptoms was randomized into body psychotherapy or Pilates class in a previous study. No significant differences were found between groups over time and changes in the symptom domains were modest...
June 2, 2017: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574193/emergency-department-visits-for-dental-problems-not-associated-with-trauma-in-alberta-canada
#19
Rafael Figueiredo, Kerri Fournier, Liran Levin
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this report was to describe the frequency of emergency department (ED) visits for dental problems not associated with trauma (DPNAT) in Alberta, Canada, over a 5-year period. METHODS: In Alberta, ED visits for DPNAT between 1 January 2011 and 30 April 2016 were identified using the codes from the International Statistical Classification of Diseases and Related Health Problems, 10th Revision, Canada (ICD-10-CA). The codes for DPNAT range from K00 to K14, described as diseases of the oral cavity, salivary glands and jaws...
June 2, 2017: International Dental Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28567411/mobile-based-blended-learning-for-capacity-building-of-health-providers-in-rural-afghanistan
#20
Syeda Nateela Tirmizi, Shariq Khoja, Scott Patten, Abdul Wahab Yousafzai, Richard E Scott, Hammad Durrani, Wafa Khoja, Nida Husyin
BACKGROUND: Mobile-based blended learning initiative was launched in November 2014 in Badakshan province of Afghanistan by Tech4Life Enterprises, Aga Khan Health Service, Afghanistan (AKHS, A), and the University of Calgary, Canada. The goal of this initiative was to improve knowledge of health providers related to four major mental health problems, namely depression, psychosis, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and drug abuse. METHODS: This paper presents the results of quasi-experimental study conducted in 4 intervention districts in Badakshan for improvement in the knowledge among health providers about depression...
2017: MHealth
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