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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29220783/a-study-to-compare-the-differences-between-genders-in-psychiatric-comorbidities-in-individuals-with-psychoses
#1
Praveen Das, Priya Sreedaran, Ashok Mv
BACKGROUND: Psychiatric comorbidities worsen the outcome and increase severity of suffering in psychotic disorders. Gender differences have also been found to impact the severity and outcome in psychoses. In this background, this study attempted to compare psychiatric comorbidity between genders. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: The aim was to compare psychiatric co-morbidity between men and women with psychotic disorders. METHODOLOGY: A descriptive cross sectional study design was used...
November 29, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29218701/a-longitudinal-cohort-study-on-the-impact-of-the-clobazam-shortage-on-patients-with-epilepsy
#2
Sara Lukmanji, Khara M Sauro, Colin B Josephson, K Chelsea Altura, Samuel Wiebe, Nathalie Jetté
OBJECTIVE: Drug shortages are occurring at an increasing rate. From May to October 2016, there was a shortage of a level I critical antiepileptic drug, clobazam. We aimed to study the impact of this shortage on patients with epilepsy. METHODS: Adult patients from Calgary's Comprehensive Epilepsy Program who were taking clobazam were approached to participate in the study. Baseline data from the clinic prospective registry included clinical variables and presurvey patient-reported outcomes (PROs) such as the Global Assessment of Severity of Epilepsy, the Global Assessment of Disability Associated with Seizures, and the Quality of Life in Epilepsy questionnaire...
December 7, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203407/optimising-workflow-processes-in-an-advanced-medication-dispensary
#3
Amanda Y Leong, Mary Pederson
The workload measurement of an inpatient hospital dispensary is critical to improve efficiency in the face of limited budgets. This single-centre pilot study used work sampling to observe and identify areas to improve efficiency of dispensing prescribed medications at one tertiary level acute care teaching hospital. Workload sampling was conducted at a 1096-bed hospital in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. The dispensary services the entire hospital, 24 h per day, seven days per week. Pharmacists are solely involved in clinical screening...
November 27, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29197359/cultural-adaptation-and-validity-of-the-malay-version-of-the-brief-psychiatric-rating-scale-bprs-m-among-patients-with-schizophrenia-in-a-psychiatric-clinic
#4
Anne Yee, Boon Seng Ng, Helenna Maria Hisham Hashim, Mahmoud Danaee, Huai Heng Loh
BACKGROUND: This study evaluates the psychometric properties of the Malay version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-M) among patients with schizophrenia in a psychiatric outpatient clinic. METHODS: Ninety-nine schizophrenia outpatients were administered the Malay version of the Brief Psychiatric Rating Scale (BPRS-M), Malay version of Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Malay version of Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) and Malay version of World Health Organization Quality of Life - Brief Version (WHOQOL-BREF)...
December 2, 2017: BMC Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29195803/-validation-of-the-french-version-of-the-self-evaluation-of-negative-symptoms-sns
#5
C Hervochon, V Bourgeois, M Rotharmel, J-B Duboc, B Le Goff, P Quesada, D Campion, S Dollfus, O Guillin
INTRODUCTION: Schizophrenia is a disorder affecting 1% of the population and is associated with severe functional impairment. Negative symptoms are responsible for the majority of this impairment, and many patients with schizophrenia have negative symptoms. However, their evaluation is still a challenge. Thus, standardized assessments are needed to facilitate identification of these symptoms. Many tools have been developed, but most are based on observer ratings. Self-evaluation can provide an additional outcome measure and allow patients to be more engaged in their treatment...
November 28, 2017: L'Encéphale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29184440/administration-of-epidural-labor-analgesia-is-not-associated-with-a-decreased-risk-of-postpartum-depression-in-an-urban-canadian-population-of-mothers-a-secondary-analysis-of-prospective-cohort-data
#6
Marissa Nahirney, Amy Metcalfe, Katie H Chaput
Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a common complication of pregnancy, affecting approximately 13% of mothers internationally. Previous research has examined whether epidural analgesia used for pain control during labor and birth is associated with a lower risk of PPD, but reports conflicting results and may have suffered from methodological shortcomings. Our study aimed to prospectively assess whether epidural analgesia is associated with a lower risk of PPD (at either 6 weeks or 6 months postpartum) after attempting to adequately adjust for selection bias and confounding variables...
2017: Local and Regional Anesthesia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29176926/changes-in-the-genetic-structure-of-an-invasive-earthworm-species-lumbricus-terrestris-lumbricidae-along-an-urban-rural-gradient-in-north-america
#7
Andreas Klein, Erin K Cameron, Bastian Heimburger, Nico Eisenhauer, Stefan Scheu, Ina Schaefer
European earthworms were introduced to North America by European settlers about 400 years ago. Human-mediated introductions significantly contributed to the spread of European species, which commonly are used as fishing bait and are often disposed deliberately in the wild. We investigated the genetic structure of Lumbricus terrestris in a 100 km range south of Calgary, Canada, an area that likely was devoid of this species two decades ago. Genetic relationships among populations, gene flow, and migration events among populations were investigated using seven microsatellite markers and the mitochondrial 16S rDNA gene...
November 2017: Applied Soil Ecology: a Section of Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29141073/forces-of-tool-tissue-interaction-to-assess-surgical-skill-level
#8
Taku Sugiyama, Sanju Lama, Liu Shi Gan, Yaser Maddahi, Kourosh Zareinia, Garnette R Sutherland
Importance: The application of optimal forces between surgical instruments and tissue is fundamental to surgical performance and learning. To date, this force has not been measured clinically during the performance of microsurgery. Objectives: To establish a normative catalog of force profiles during the performance of surgery, to compare force variables among surgeons with different skill levels, and to evaluate whether such a force-based metric determines or differentiates skill level...
November 15, 2017: JAMA Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117759/sustaining-engagement-in-longitudinal-research-with-vulnerable-families-a-mixed-methods-study-of-attrition
#9
Carla S Ginn, Muhammad Kashif Mughal, Hafsa Syed, Amanda Rae Storteboom, Karen M Benzies
The aim of this mixed-methods study was to investigate attrition at the age 10-year follow-up in a study of vulnerable children and their families living with low income following a two-generation preschool program in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Quantitative factors associated with attrition included: (a) food bank use; (b) unstable housing; (c) child welfare involvement; (d) unpartnered status; and (e) caregiver noncompletion of high school. Qualitative themes related to attrition included: (a) income and employment; (b) health; (c) unstable housing; (d) change of guardianship; (e) domestic violence; (f) work and time management challenges; and (g) negative caregiver-child relationships...
November 1, 2017: Journal of Family Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29114343/the-canada-guyana-medical-education-partnership-using-videoconferencing-to-supplement-post-graduate-medical-education-among-internal-medicine-trainees
#10
William Stokes, Shannon Ruzycki, Ramdeo Jainarine, Debra Isaac, Joanna Cole
Background: A Guyana-based, internal medicine (IM) post-graduate medical education program was established in 2013. However, lack of formal teaching sessions are barriers to the program's success. Objective: To describe the partnership between the University of Calgary and the University of Guyana's internal medicine residency programs (IMRP). This partnership was created to support the Guyana's IM academic half-day and is characterized by mutually beneficial, resident-led videoconference teaching sessions...
April 2017: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108803/factor-analysis-of-symptom-dimensions-psychotic-affective-and-obsessive-compulsive-symptoms-in-schizophrenia
#11
Sandeep Grover, Devakshi Dua, Subho Chakrabarti, Ajit Avasthi
AIM: To carryout factor analysis of symptom profile of patients with schizophrenia assessed by using positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS), Calgary depression rating scale (CDSS), Young mania rating scale (YMRS) and YBOCS checklist. METHODOLOGY: 181 patients of schizophrenia were assessed on PANSS, CDSS, YMRS and YBOCS checklist. RESULTS: Factor analysis of PANSS yielded 3 factor structure (positive, negative, anxiety). When the items of CDSS were added to the PANSS items, total number of factors increased to 4 with depression emerging as a separate factor...
October 23, 2017: Asian Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29108443/translating-healthy-living-messages-to-postpartum-women-and-their-partners-after-gestational-diabetes-gdm-body-habitus-a1c-lifestyle-habits-and-program-engagement-results-from-the-families-defeating-diabetes-fdd-randomized-trial
#12
R McManus, D Miller, M Mottola, I Giroux, L Donovan
PURPOSE: The Families Defeating Diabetes intervention evaluated a postpartum healthy living program for women with recent gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). DESIGN: Randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Tertiary centers in London, Calgary, and Victoria, Canada. PARTICIPANTS: Women with GDM and partners; 46% of eligible maternal participants agreed to participate. INTERVENTION: Interventional (INT) participants received a healthy living seminar at 3 months; access to a walking group/Website; biweekly e-mails...
January 1, 2017: American Journal of Health Promotion: AJHP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29102816/leukocyte-telomere-length-variation-in-different-stages-of-schizophrenia
#13
Pawan Kumar Maurya, Lucas Bortolotto Rizzo, Gabriela Xavier, Priscila Farias Tempaku, Vanessa Kiyomi Ota, Marcos L Santoro, Letícia M Spíndola, Patrícia S Moretti, Diego R Mazzotti, Ary Gadelha, Eduardo S Gouvea, Cristiano Noto, Michael Maes, Quirino Cordeiro, Rodrigo A Bressan, Elisa Brietzke, Sintia Iole Belangero
Recent research has demonstrated that telomere maintenance might be a key integrating point for the cumulative effect of genetic and environmental factors in patients with first-episode psychosis (FEP) and schizophrenia (SCZ). Eighty-one participants with antipsychotic-naïve FEP, 173 with SCZ and 438 HC were enrolled in this study. Psychiatric diagnosis was assessed using the Semi-Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV Axis-I (SCID-I). The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), Young Mania Rating Scale (YMRS) and Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) were used to measure symptoms severity...
October 21, 2017: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29084099/using-robotics-to-quantify-impairments-in-sensorimotor-ability-visuospatial-attention-working-memory-and-executive-function-after-traumatic-brain-injury
#14
Lindsey M Logan, Jennifer A Semrau, Chantel T Debert, Jeffrey M Kenzie, Stephen H Scott, Sean P Dukelow
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the use of a robotic assessment tool to quantify sensorimotor, visuospatial attention, and executive function impairments in individuals with traumatic brain injury (TBI). SETTING: Foothills Hospital (Calgary, Canada). PARTICIPANTS: Twenty-three subjects with first-time TBI in the subacute to chronic phase participated in this study. Normative data were collected from 275 to 494 neurologically intact control subjects for each robotic task...
October 27, 2017: Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059702/perceptions-of-risk-and-vulnerability-following-exposure-to-a-major-natural-disaster-the-calgary-flood-of-2013
#15
Alexa Tanner, Joseph Árvai
Many studies have examined the general public's flood risk perceptions in the aftermath of local and regional flooding. However, relatively few studies have focused on large-scale events that affect tens of thousands of people within an urban center. Similarly, in spite of previous research on flood risks, unresolved questions persist regarding the variables that might influence perceptions of risk and vulnerability, along with management preferences. In light of the opportunities presented by these knowledge gaps, the research reported here examined public perceptions of flood risk and vulnerability, and management preferences, within the city of Calgary in the aftermath of extensive flooding in 2013...
October 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29056976/interactions-between-neighbourhood-urban-form-and-socioeconomic-status-and-their-associations-with-anthropometric-measurements-in-canadian-adults
#16
Gavin R McCormack, Christine Friedenreich, Lindsay McLaren, Melissa Potestio, Beverly Sandalack, Ilona Csizmadi
Neighbourhood-level socioeconomic composition and built context are correlates of weight-related behaviours. We investigated the relations between objective measures of neighbourhood design and socioeconomic status (SES) and their interaction, in relation to self-reported waist circumference (WC), waist-to-hip ratio, and body mass index (BMI) in a sample of Canadian adults (n = 851 from 12 Calgary neighbourhoods). WC and BMI were higher among residents of disadvantaged neighbourhoods, independent of neighbourhood design (grid, warped grid, and curvilinear street patterns) and individual-level characteristics (sex, age, education, income, dog ownership, marital status, number of dependents, motor vehicle access, smoking, sleep, mental health, physical health, and past attempts to modify bodyweight)...
2017: Journal of Environmental and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29036587/latent-profile-analysis-and-conversion-to-psychosis-characterizing-subgroups-to-enhance-risk-prediction
#17
Kristin M Healey, David L Penn, Diana Perkins, Scott W Woods, Richard S E Keefe, Jean Addington
BACKGROUND: Groups at clinical high risk (CHR) of developing psychosis are heterogeneous, composed of individuals with different clusters of symptoms. It is likely that there exist subgroups, each associated with different symptom constellations and probabilities of conversion. METHOD: Present study used latent profile analysis (LPA) to ascertain subgroups in a combined sample of CHR (n = 171) and help-seeking controls (HSCs; n = 100; PREDICT study). Indicators in the LPA model included baseline Scale of Prodromal Symptoms (SOPS), Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and neurocognitive performance as measured by multiple instruments, including category instances (CAT)...
July 14, 2017: Schizophrenia Bulletin
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29033856/possible-facilitative-effects-of-repeated-anodal-transcranial-direct-current-stimulation-on-functional-outcome-1-month-later-in-schizophrenia-an-open-trial
#18
Zui Narita, Takuma Inagawa, Kazuki Sueyoshi, Crystal Lin, Tomiki Sumiyoshi
Recent research on neuromodulation techniques, such as transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS), for the treatment of schizophrenia has mainly focused on psychotic symptoms. We aimed to determine whether repetitive tDCS is efficacious in improving determinants of outcome, such as cognitive function, daily living skills, and depressive mood in patients with schizophrenia. Twenty-eight patients underwent tDCS (2 mA × 20 min) two times per day for 5 consecutive days. The anodal electrode was placed over the left dorsolateral prefrontal cortex while the cathodal electrode was placed over the right supraorbital region...
2017: Frontiers in Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29025820/well-being-of-family-medicine-graduates
#19
Olga Szafran, Wayne Woloschuk, Jacqueline M I Torti, Douglas Myhre
OBJECTIVE: To determine family medicine graduates' professional and personal well-being, general health status, stress levels, coping strategies, and the degree to which they felt supported or isolated in professional life; and to compare findings by sex, practice location, and location of medical school (Canadian medical graduates [CMGs] vs international medical graduates [IMGs]). DESIGN: Retrospective, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: University of Alberta in Edmonton and the University of Calgary in Alberta...
October 2017: Canadian Family Physician Médecin de Famille Canadien
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29018100/randomized-crossover-trial-of-blood-volume-monitoring-guided-ultrafiltration-biofeedback-to-reduce-intradialytic-hypotensive-episodes-with-hemodialysis
#20
Kelvin C W Leung, Robert R Quinn, Pietro Ravani, Henry Duff, Jennifer M MacRae
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is associated with morbidity. The effect of blood volume-guided ultrafiltration biofeedback, which automatically adjusts fluid removal rate on the basis of blood volume parameters, on the reduction of IDH was tested in a randomized crossover trial. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS, & MEASUREMENTS: We performed a 22-week, single blind, randomized crossover trial in patients receiving maintenance hemodialysis who had >30% of sessions complicated by symptomatic IDH in five centers in Calgary, Alberta, Canada...
November 7, 2017: Clinical Journal of the American Society of Nephrology: CJASN
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