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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898690/a-comparison-of-temporal-artery-thermometers-with-internal-blood-monitors-to-measure-body-temperature-during-hemodialysis
#1
Meaghan Lunney, Bronwyn Tonelli, Rachel Lewis, Natasha Wiebe, Chandra Thomas, Jennifer MacRae, Marcello Tonelli
BACKGROUND: Thermometers that measure core (internal) body temperature are the gold standard for monitoring temperature. Despite that most modern hemodialysis machines are equipped with an internal blood monitor that measures core body temperature, current practice is to use peripheral thermometers. A better understanding of how peripheral thermometers compare with the dialysis machine thermometer may help guide practice. METHODS: The study followed a prospective cross-sectional design...
June 14, 2018: BMC Nephrology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29891778/the-independent-associations-between-walk-score-%C3%A2-and-neighborhood-socioeconomic-status-waist-circumference-waist-to-hip-ratio-and-body-mass-index-among-urban-adults
#2
Gavin R McCormack, Anita Blackstaffe, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Ilona Csizmadi, Beverly Sandalack, Francisco Alaniz Uribe, Afrah Rayes, Christine Friedenreich, Melissa L Potestio
Background : Environmental and policy factors can influence weight status via facilitating or discouraging physical activity and healthy diet. Despite mixed evidence, some findings suggest that the neighborhood built environment, including “walkability”, is associated with overweight and obesity. Most of these findings have measured body mass index (BMI), yet other weight status measures including waist circumference (WC) and waist-to-hip (W-H) ratio are also predictive of health outcomes, independent of BMI...
June 11, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29890508/trajectories-of-depressive-symptoms-in-the-acute-phase-of-psychosis-implications-for-treatment
#3
E Kjelby, R Gjestad, I Sinkeviciute, R A Kroken, E-M Løberg, H A Jørgensen, E Johnsen
Depression is common in schizophrenia and associated with negative outcomes. Previous studies have identified heterogeneity in treatment response in schizophrenia. We aimed to investigate different trajectories of depression in patients suffering from psychosis and predictors of change in depressive symptoms during antipsychotic treatment. Two hundred and twenty-six patients >18 years acutely admitted due to psychosis were consecutively included and the follow-up was 27 weeks. The Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS) sum score was the primary outcome...
June 2, 2018: Journal of Psychiatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882893/evaluation-of-image-reconstruction-algorithms-for-confocal-microwave-imaging-application-to-patient-data
#4
Muhammad Adnan Elahi, Declan O'Loughlin, Benjamin R Lavoie, Martin Glavin, Edward Jones, Elise C Fear, Martin O'Halloran
Confocal Microwave Imaging (CMI) for the early detection of breast cancer has been under development for over two decades and is currently going through early-phase clinical evaluation. The image reconstruction algorithm is a key signal processing component of any CMI-based breast imaging system and impacts the efficacy of CMI in detecting breast cancer. Several image reconstruction algorithms for CMI have been developed since its inception. These image reconstruction algorithms have been previously evaluated and compared, using both numerical and physical breast models, and healthy volunteer data...
May 23, 2018: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29871707/remission-of-depression-in-patients-with-schizophrenia-and-comorbid-major-depressive-disorder-results-from-the-face-sz-cohort
#5
Guillaume Fond, Laurent Boyer, Fabrice Berna, Ophélia Godin, Ewa Bulzacka, Méja Andrianarisoa, Lore Brunel, Bruno Aouizerate, Delphine Capdevielle, Isabelle Chereau, Nathalie Coulon, Thierry D'Amato, Caroline Dubertret, Julien Dubreucq, Catherine Faget, Sylvain Leignier, Christophe Lançon, Jasmina Mallet, David Misdrahi, Christine Passerieux, Romain Rey, Aurélie Schandrin, Mathieu Urbach, Pierre Vidailhet, Marion Leboyer, Franck Schürhoff, Pierre-Michel Llorca
BACKGROUND: Major depressive disorder (MDD) is underdiagnosed and undertreated in schizophrenia, and has been strongly associated with impaired quality of life.AimsTo determine the prevalence and associated factors of MDD and unremitted MDD in schizophrenia, to compare treated and non-treated MDD. METHOD: Participants were included in the FondaMental Expert Centers for Schizophrenia and received a thorough clinical assessment. MDD was defined by a Calgary score ≥6...
June 6, 2018: British Journal of Psychiatry: the Journal of Mental Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29861207/factors-associated-with-cardiorespiratory-fitness-at-completion-of-cardiac-rehabilitation-identification-of-specific-patient-features-requiring-attention
#6
Deepika Laddu, Cemal Ozemek, Brea Lamb, Trina Hauer, Sandeep Aggarwal, James A Stone, Ross Arena, Billie-Jean Martin
BACKGROUND: We aimed to determine and compare predictors of postcardiac rehabilitation (CR) cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF), improvements in a large cohort of subjects with varying baseline CRF levels completing CR for ischemic heart disease and to refine prediction models further by baseline CRF. METHODS: The Alberta Provincial Project for Outcomes Assessment in Coronary Heart disease (APPROACH) and TotalCardiology (TotalCardiology, Inc, Calgary, Alberta, Canada) databases were used retrospectively to obtain information on 10,732 (1955 [18...
March 30, 2018: Canadian Journal of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29804925/factor-structure-of-the-positive-and-negative-syndrome-scale-panss-in-people-at-ultra-high-risk-uhr-for-psychosis
#7
Zixu Yang, Keane Lim, Max Lam, Richard Keefe, Jimmy Lee
INTRODUCTION: The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), a comprehensive psychopathology assessment scale used in the evaluation of psychopathology in schizophrenia, is also often used in the Ultra-High-Risk (UHR) population. This paper examined the dimensional structure of the PANSS in a UHR sample. METHODS: A total of 168 individuals assessed to be at UHR for psychosis on the Comprehensive Assessment of At-Risk Mental States (CAARMS) were evaluated on the PANSS, Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI), Brief Assessment of Cognition in Schizophrenia (BACS), and Global Assessment of Functioning (GAF)...
May 24, 2018: Schizophrenia Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783917/capecitabine-induced-myopericarditis-a-case-report-and-review-of-literature
#8
Sydney Saunders, Maria Anwar
Objective To describe a possible case of capecitabine-induced myopericarditis in a patient at the Cardio-Oncology Clinic in Calgary, AB. Design A literature search and adverse drug reaction assessment with the Naranjo tool was conducted. Results A 39-year-old male with recurrent locally advanced rectal adenocarcinoma presented two days after adjuvant treatment with capecitabine and oxaliplatin complaining of intermittent, severe interscapular pain. Based on symptoms, laboratory investigations, and imaging, the patient was diagnosed with acute myopericarditis...
January 1, 2018: Journal of Oncology Pharmacy Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733500/the-second-biennial-meeting-of-the-pan-american-society-for-evolutionary-developmental-biology
#9
Viviane Callier
Evodevo is concerned with understanding how phenotypes develop and evolve, how organismal diversity is generated and maintained, and how evolutionary innovations originate. The second Pan-American Society for Evolutionary Developmental Biology (PASEDB) meeting in Calgary, Canada, showcased a great variety of species and study systems, and a variety of approaches to address these questions. Although there were, like at the first PASEDB meeting, many developmental genetic and genomic studies, much of the work moved beyond comparative developmental genetics toward more integrative studies that seek explanations at different levels of the organismal hierarchy...
May 7, 2018: Journal of Experimental Zoology. Part B, Molecular and Developmental Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29733001/charge-nurse-facilitated-clinical-debriefing-in-the-emergency-department
#10
Stuart Rose, Adam Cheng
ABSTRACTThis paper describes the development and implementation of the INFO (immediate, not for personal assessment, fast facilitated feedback, and opportunity to ask questions) clinical debriefing process. INFO enabled charge nurses to facilitate a group debriefing after critical events across three adult emergency departments (EDs) in Calgary, Alberta. Prior to implementation at our institutions, ED critical event debriefing was a highly variable event. Post-implementation, INFO critical event debriefings have become part of our ED culture, take place regularly in our EDs (254 documented debriefings between March 2016 and September 2017), with recommendations arising from these debriefings being introduced into clinical practice...
May 7, 2018: CJEM
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29730871/the-relationship-of-insight-with-psychopathology-and-neuropsychological-functioning-in-patients-with-schizophrenia
#11
Ahmet Tiryaki, Aykut Karahan, Filiz Civil Arslan
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship of the different dimensions of insight with clinical variables, symptom severity, and cognitive functions in patients with schizophrenia. METHOD: In this cross-sectional descriptive study,  66  out  patients that applied to the Karadeniz Technical University, Psychiatry Clinic and were diagnosed with schizophrenia according to DSM-IV were evaluated. The patients were evaluated with Structured Clinical Interview for DSM (SCID-I), the Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS), the Calgary Depression Scale for Schizophrenia (CDSS), and the Schedule for Assessing the Three Components of Insight (SAI)...
2018: Türk Psikiyatri Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Psychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728094/impact-of-new-technologies-on-stress-attrition-and-well-being-in-emergency-call-centers-the-nextgeneration-9-1-1-study-protocol
#12
Janet Baseman, Debra Revere, Ian Painter, Scott Stangenes, Michelle Lilly, Randal Beaton, Rebecca Calhoun, Hendrika Meischke
BACKGROUND: Our public health emergency response system relies on the "first of the first responders"-the emergency call center workforce that handles the emergency needs of a public in distress. Call centers across the United States have been preparing for the "Next Generation 9-1-1" initiative, which will allow citizens to place 9-1-1 calls using a variety of digital technologies. The impacts of this initiative on a workforce that is already highly stressed is unknown...
May 4, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29721726/association-between-serum-lipid-levels-osteoprotegerin-and-depressive-symptomatology-in-psychotic-disorders
#13
Sherif M Gohar, Ingrid Dieset, Nils Eiel Steen, Ragni H Mørch, Trude S Iversen, Vidar M Steen, Ole A Andreassen, Ingrid Melle
Although the relationship between positive and negative symptoms of psychosis and dyslipidemia has been thoroughly investigated in recent studies, the potential link between depression and lipid status is still under-investigated. We here examined the association between lipid levels and depressive symptomatology in patients with psychotic disorders, in addition to their possible inflammatory associations. Participants (n = 652) with the following distribution: schizophrenia, schizophreniform and schizoaffective disorder (schizophrenia group, n = 344); bipolar I, II, NOS, and psychosis NOS (non-schizophrenia group, n = 308) were recruited consecutively from the Norwegian Thematically Organized Psychosis (TOP) Study...
May 2, 2018: European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29720267/efficacy-of-postoperative-pain-management-in-head-and-neck-cancer-patients
#14
Ashley Hinther, Steven C Nakoneshny, Shamir P Chandarana, T Wayne Matthews, Joseph C Dort
BACKGROUND: Our study quantifies the effectiveness of perioperative pain control in a cohort of patients undergoing major head and neck surgery with free flap reconstruction. Our long-term goal is to improve pain control and thereby increase mobility, decrease postoperative complications and decrease hospital stay. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was performed at a tertiary, academic head and neck surgical oncology program in Calgary, Alberta, Canada from January 1, 2015 - December 31, 2015...
May 2, 2018: Journal of Otolaryngology—Head & Neck Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716576/protocol-a-multi-level-intervention-program-to-reduce-stress-in-9-1-1-telecommunicators
#15
Hendrika Meischke, Michelle Lilly, Randal Beaton, Rebecca Calhoun, Ann Tu, Scott Stangenes, Ian Painter, Debra Revere, Janet Baseman
BACKGROUND: Nationwide, emergency response systems depend on 9-1-1 telecommunicators to prioritize, triage, and dispatch assistance to those in distress. 9-1-1 call center telecommunicators (TCs) are challenged by acute and chronic workplace stressors: tense interactions with citizen callers in crisis; overtime; shift-work; ever-changing technologies; and negative work culture, including co-worker conflict. This workforce is also subject to routine exposures to secondary traumatization while handling calls involving emergency situations and while making time urgent, high stake decisions over the phone...
May 2, 2018: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29699787/the-impact-of-time-since-vaccination-and-study-design-on-validity-in-parental-recall-of-childhood-vaccination-status-in-the-all-our-families-cohort
#16
Ellen Rafferty, Erin Hetherington, Suzanne Tough, Shyrose Aujla, Deborah McNeil, Vineet Saini, Sheila McDonald, Shannon E MacDonald
INTRODUCTION: Parental reporting of childhood vaccination status is often used for policy and program evaluation and research purposes. Many factors can bias parental reporting of childhood vaccination status, however, to our knowledge, no analysis has assessed whether time since vaccination impacts reporting accuracy. Therefore, using the Calgary electronic vaccine registry (PHANTIM) as the gold standard, we aimed to test the accuracy of parental reporting of childhood vaccination status at three different time-points since vaccination...
May 17, 2018: Vaccine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29677621/depressive-symptoms-in-chinese-male-inpatients-with-schizophrenia-prevalence-and-clinical-correlates
#17
Yan-Min Xu, Fu Li, Xiao-Bo Liu, Bao-Liang Zhong
Depression is common in patients with schizophrenia and associated with serious consequences. However, previous studies have mixed findings on characteristics of depression in schizophrenia, partly because of the use of depressive symptom scales that are not specific to schizophrenia. This study examined the prevalence and correlates of depressive symptoms in Chinese patients with schizophrenia. A consecutive sample of 349 male inpatients with schizophrenia was recruited from the largest psychiatric specialty hospital in south-central China...
June 2018: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652166/ambulance-use-distance-and-outcomes-in-patients-with-suspected-cardiovascular-disease-a-registry-based-geographic-information-system-study
#18
Nariman Sepehrvand, Wendimagegn Alemayehu, Padma Kaul, Rick Pelletier, Aminu K Bello, Robert C Welsh, Paul W Armstrong, Justin A Ezekowitz
BACKGROUND: Despite guideline recommendations, the majority of patients with symptoms suggestive of acute coronary syndrome do not use emergency medical services to reach the emergency department (ED). The aim of this study was to investigate the factors associated with EMS utilisation and subsequent patient outcomes. METHODS: Using administrative data, all patients who presented to an ED in the metropolitan areas of Edmonton and Calgary in the years of 2007-2013 with main ED diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome, stable angina or chest pain were included...
April 1, 2018: European Heart Journal. Acute Cardiovascular Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629606/cancer-and-complementary-therapies-current-trends-in-survivors-interest-and-use
#19
Maryam Qureshi, Erin Zelinski, Linda E Carlson
BACKGROUND: Cancer survivors use complementary therapies (CTs) for a variety of reasons; however, with interest and use reportedly on the rise and a widening range of products and practices available, there is a need to establish trends in and drivers of interest. We aimed to determine (1) frequencies of use, level of interest, and barriers for 30 specific CTs and (2) whether physical symptoms, perceived stress (PS), or spiritual well-being were related to interest levels. METHOD: A total of 212 cancer outpatients were surveyed at the Tom Baker Cancer Centre in Calgary, Canada...
April 1, 2018: Integrative Cancer Therapies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29619348/balancing-the-need-for-clinical-photography-with-patient-privacy-issues-the-search-for-a-secure-smartphone-application-to-take-and-store-clinical-photographs
#20
Danielle O Dumestre, Frankie O G Fraulin
Background: Physicians are increasingly using smartphones to take clinical photographs. This study evaluates a smartphone application for clinical photography that prioritizes and facilitates patient security. Methods: Ethics approval was obtained to trial a smartphone clinical photography application, PicSafe Medi. Calgary plastic surgeons and residents used the application to obtain informed consent and photograph patients. Surveys gauging the application's usability, consent process, and photograph storage/sharing were then sent to surgeons and patients...
November 2017: Plastic Surgery
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