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Diabetes pediatric

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29044844/abstracts-for-the-43rd-annual-meeting-of-the-international-society-for-pediatric-and-adolescent-diabetes-ispad-18-21-october-2017-innsbruck-austria
#1
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No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29041934/h-syndrome-5-new-cases-from-the-united-states-with-novel-features-and-responses-to-therapy
#2
Jessica L Bloom, Clara Lin, Lisa Imundo, Stephen Guthery, Shelly Stepenaskie, Csaba Galambos, Amy Lowichik, John F Bohnsack
BACKGROUND: H Syndrome is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by cutaneous hyperpigmentation, hypertrichosis, and induration with numerous systemic manifestations. The syndrome is caused by mutations in SLC29A3, a gene located on chromosome 10q23, which encodes the human equilibrative transporter 3 (hENT3). Less than 100 patients with H syndrome have been described in the literature, with the majority being of Arab descent, and only a few from North America. CASE PRESENTATION: Here we report five pediatric patients from three medical centers in the United States who were identified to have H syndrome by whole exome sequencing...
October 17, 2017: Pediatric Rheumatology Online Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29040598/effect-of-metformin-on-vascular-function-in-children-with-type-1-diabetes-a-12-month-randomized-controlled-trial
#3
Jemma J A Anderson, Jennifer J Couper, Lynne C Giles, Catherine E Leggett, Roger Gent, Brian Coppin, Alexia S Peña
Context: Children with type 1 diabetes have vascular dysfunction preceding atherosclerosis. Early interventions are needed to reduce cardiovascular disease. Objective: To evaluate the effect of metformin on vascular function in type 1 diabetes children. Design: 12 month double blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Setting: Tertiary pediatric diabetes clinic. Participants: 90 type 1 diabetes children(8-18 years), above 50th percentile body mass index (BMI)...
October 9, 2017: Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29039345/validation-of-transition-readiness-assessment-questionaire-in-turkish-adolescents-with-diabetes
#4
Evrim Kızıler, Dilek Yıldız, Berna Eren Fidancı
BACKGROUND: Today, more than 90% of adolescents with chronic conditions are surviving into adulthood and move pediatric to adult care with their chronic illness. It is important to gain autonomy and ensure readiness for adolescents/ young adults to use the adult health care system prior to the transfer of care. However, the lack of the transition readiness assessment tool which is validated, patient-centered and appropriate to developmental differences in pediatric care is seen a major obstacle for transition of care from pediatric to adult services...
October 17, 2017: Balkan Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038894/the-supraorbital-eyebrow-approach-for-removal-of-craniopharyngioma-in-children-a-case-series
#5
Ricardo Santos de Oliveira, Dinark Conceição Viana, Lucas Pires Augusto, Marcelo Volpon Santos, Hélio Rubens Machado
OBJECTIVE: Craniopharyngiomas can be a surgical challenge for the pediatric neurosurgeon. Ideally, total removal must be achieved. However, the need to reduce surgical morbidity and preserve quality of life has led to a number of neurosurgical approaches in order to attain this goal. The aim of this article is to present an alternative surgical approach to these lesions and to provide the rationale for this technique. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Medical charts and operative records of eight pediatric patients harboring craniopharyngiomas who underwent surgical treatment using a supraorbital eyebrow approach (SOA) were reviewed from 2014 to 2016...
October 16, 2017: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29035316/non-traditional-risk-factors-of-albuminuria-in-the-pediatric-population-a-scoping-review
#6
REVIEW
Erick Sierra-Diaz, Alfredo de Jesus Celis-de la Rosa, Felipe Lozano-Kasten, Alejandro Bravo-Cuellar, Mariana Garcia-Gutierrez, Hernandez-Flores Georgina
The presence of albumin in urine has been used for more than four decades as a marker of renal and cardiovascular damage. Most of the information on this marker is related to adults. The prevalence of albuminuria in the pediatric population has been reported as being 2.2-12.8% in some countries. Most research in this field is related to albuminuria and diseases, such as diabetes and hypertension. Using the methodology described by Arksey and O'Malley in 2005, a scoping review was carried out to show that the presence of albumin in urine in the pediatric population might be associated with environmental, demographic, congenital, infectious, and non-infectious factors...
October 16, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29026272/incidence-of-diabetes-mellitus-and-neoplasia-in-japanese-short-statured-children-treated-with-growth-hormone-in-the-genetics-and-neuroendocrinology-of-short-stature-international-study-genesis
#7
Susumu Yokoya, Tomonobu Hasegawa, Keiichi Ozono, Hiroyuki Tanaka, Susumu Kanzaki, Toshiaki Tanaka, Kazuo Chihara, Nan Jia, Christopher J Child, Katsuichiro Ihara, Jumpei Funai, Noriyuki Iwamoto, Yoshiki Seino
The primary goal of the Genetics and Neuroendocrinology of Short Stature International Study (GeNeSIS) was to assess the safety and effectiveness of Humatrope(®), a GH preparation, in the treatment of pediatric patients with short stature. We report our findings in the GH-treated Japanese pediatric population focusing on the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) and occurrence of neoplasms. A total of 2,345 Japanese patients were assessed for safety. During a mean observation period of 3.2 yr, T2D occurred in 3 patients (0...
2017: Clinical Pediatric Endocrinology: Case Reports and Clinical Investigations: Official Journal of the Japanese Society for Pediatric Endocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29023255/adolescent-perceptions-of-peer-responses-to-diabetes-self-management-a-qualitative-study
#8
Pei-Yun Yang, Meei-Fang Lou, Angela Shin-Yu Lien, Bih-Shya Gau
BACKGROUND: Type 1 diabetes (T1D) is more prevalent in adolescents than in adults, and the self-management of insulin-dependent diabetes is complex. T1D requires injections of insulin, self-management of blood testing, regular physical activity, and diet monitoring, which are challenging for growing and developing adolescents. Adolescents are often more concerned with how they are perceived by their peers than how they perceive themselves. Positive peer responses influence the self-care management of adolescents with T1D in school settings...
October 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Research: JNR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29017015/a-twelve-week-lifestyle-program-to-improve-cardiometabolic-behavioral-and-psychological-health-in-hispanic-children-and-adolescents
#9
Sami Yli-Piipari, Alison Berg, Emma M Laing, Diane L Hartzell, Kenneth O Parris, Jon Udwadia, Richard D Lewis
OBJECTIVES: To examine the effectiveness of a 12-week lifestyle program on cardiometabolic, behavioral, and psychological outcomes among overweight Hispanic children and adolescents. DESIGN: A case series study with pre- and post-test analyses. Subjects/Settings/Location: A convenience sample of high-risk pediatric primary care patients (n = 22; 6 girls, 16 boys; M age = 11.73 ± 1.39 years) and their guardians in the Southeast United States. INTERVENTION: Twice per week 60 min (total of 24 h) of moderate-to-vigorous intensity boxing exercise training, 12 h of nutrition education for guardians, and a 30-min pediatrician appointment...
October 10, 2017: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29016556/the-current-status-and-future-of-cardiac-stem-progenitor-cell-therapy-for-congenital-heart-defects-from-diabetic-pregnancy
#10
REVIEW
Jianxiang Zhong, Shengbing Wang, Wei-Bin Shen, Sunjay Kaushal, Peixin Yang
Pregestational maternal diabetes induces congenital heart defects (CHDs). Cardiac dysfunction after palliative surgical procedures contributes to the high mortality of CHD patients. Autologous or allogeneic stem cell therapies are effective for improving cardiac function in animal models and clinical trials. c-kit(+) cardiac progenitor cells (CPCs), the most recognized CPCs, have the following basic properties of stem cells: self-renewal, multicellular clone formation, and differentiation into multiple cardiac lineages...
October 10, 2017: Pediatric Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28991947/regional-variation-in-standardized-costs-of-care-at-children-s-hospitals
#11
Jennifer A Jonas, Samir S Shah, Isabella Zaniletti, Matthew Hall, Jeffrey D Colvin, Laura M Gottlieb, Marion R Sills, Jessica Bettenhausen, Rustin B Morse, Michelle L Macy, Evan S Fieldston
OBJECTIVE: (1) To evaluate regional variation in costs of care for 3 inpatient pediatric conditions, (2) assess potential drivers of variation, and (3) estimate cost savings from reducing variation. DESIGN/SETTING: Retrospective cohort study of hospitalizations for asthma, diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA), and acute gastroenteritis (AGE) at 46 children<s hospitals from October 2014 to September 2015. MEASUREMENTS: Variation in trimmed standardized costs were assessed within and across regions...
October 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28990428/retrospective-review-of-comorbid-conditions-in-a-multidisciplinary-pediatric-weight-management-clinic
#12
Christine Thang, Margaret Whitley, Nilufar Izadpanah, Daniel DeUgarte, Wendy Slusser
A retrospective medical chart review was conducted of patients enrolled in the Fit for Healthy Weight Clinic (Fit Clinic). At initial evaluation, comorbidities were identified by the patient and pediatrician. The number of comorbidities increased with age among patients. In reviewing the differences among the number of identified comorbidities among grade school age and adolescent patients, increases of 30% were observed in gastrointestinal-associated, 23% in psychiatric, 18% in endocrine, 16% in cardiovascular, and 14% in respiratory comorbidities...
October 1, 2017: Clinical Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28989879/root-cause-analysis-of-diabetic-ketoacidosis-admissions-at-a-tertiary-referral-pediatric-emergency-department-in-north-india
#13
Muralidharan Jayashree, Rohit Sasidharan, Sunit Singhi, Karthi Nallasamy, Mullai Baalaaji
OBJECTIVES: To identify system-based factors contributing to Emergency Department (ED) admissions of children with diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and related complications with emphasis on parental and physician awareness and prereferral management. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A prospective observational root cause analysis study of all consecutive admissions of children with DKA to pediatric ED of a tertiary care referral hospital in northern India over a period of 1 year (July 2010-June 2011)...
September 2017: Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28977717/a-collaborative-in-situ-simulation-based-pediatric-readiness-improvement-program-for-community-emergency-departments
#14
Kamal Abulebda, Riad Lutfi, Travis Whitfill, Samer Abu-Sultaneh, Kellie J Leeper, Elizabeth Weinstein, Marc A Auerbach
BACKGROUND: More than 30 million children are cared for across 5,000 US emergency departments each year (ED). Most of these EDs are not facilities designed and operated solely for children. A web-based survey provided a national and state-by-state assessment of pediatric readiness and noted a national average score was 69 on a 100-point scale. This survey noted wide variations in ED readiness with scores ranging from 61 in low-pediatric-volume EDs to 90 in the high-pediatric-volume EDs...
October 4, 2017: Academic Emergency Medicine: Official Journal of the Society for Academic Emergency Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973060/evaluating-comorbidities-natural-history-and-predictors-of-early-resolution-in-a-cohort-of-children-with-chronic-urticaria
#15
Elena Netchiporouk, Denis Sasseville, Linda Moreau, Youssef Habel, Elham Rahme, Moshe Ben-Shoshan
Importance: Chronic urticaria (CU) affects 0.1% to 0.3% of children. Most cases have no identifiable trigger and are classified as chronic spontaneous urticaria (CSU). At least half of patients with CSU may have an autoimmune etiology that can be determined in vitro using the basophil activation test (BAT). While 30% to 55% of CU cases resolve spontaneously within 5 years in adults, the natural history and predictors of resolution in children are not known. Objective: To assess the comorbidities, natural history of CU, and its subtypes in children and identify predictors of resolution...
September 27, 2017: JAMA Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964537/cardiovascular-comorbidities-of-pediatric-psoriasis-among-hospitalized-children-in-the-united-states
#16
Lauren Kwa, Michael C Kwa, Jonathan I Silverberg
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis has been shown to be associated with cardiovascular disease in adults. Little is known about cardiovascular risk in pediatric psoriasis. OBJECTIVE: To determine if there is an association between pediatric psoriasis and cardiovascular comorbidities. METHODS: Data were analyzed from the 2002-2012 Nationwide Inpatient Sample, which included 4,884,448 hospitalized children aged 0-17 years. Bivariate and multivariate survey logistic regression models were created to calculate the odds of psoriasis on cardiovascular comorbidities...
September 27, 2017: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28964481/pediatric-pancreas-transplantation-including-total-pancreatectomy-with-islet-autotransplantation
#17
Alexander J Bondoc, Maisam Abu-El-Haija, Jaimie D Nathan
Unlike other solid-organ transplants, whole pancreas transplantation in children is relatively rare, and it occurs more frequently in the context of multivisceral or composite organ transplantation. Because children only infrequently suffer severe sequelae of type 1 diabetes mellitus, pancreas transplantation is rarely indicated in the pediatric population. More commonly, pediatric pancreas transplant occurs in the setting of incapacitating acute recurrent or chronic pancreatitis, specifically islet autotransplantation after total pancreatectomy...
August 2017: Seminars in Pediatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28950278/yakult-intestinal-flora-scan-a-novel-culture-independent-analytical-method-for-detection-of-bacteria-in-the-bloodstream
#18
Hirokazu Tsuji, Koji Nomoto
We have developed a highly sensitive microbial analytical system, the Yakult Intestinal Flora-SCAN (YIF-SCAN), based on reverse transcription-quantitative PCR, to quantify the intestinal microbiota. Targeting ribosomal RNA "molecules," which are present in abundant copies in the microorganisms, YIF-SCAN is at least hundreds of times more sensitive (detection limits: 102-3 cells/g feces, 1 cell/mL blood) than conventional DNA-based methods, and hence enables highly sensitive and precise detection of viable microorganisms in various types of samples, such as stools, blood etc...
2017: Annals of Nutrition & Metabolism
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28946146/third-ventricle-germ-cell-tumor-originating-from-the-infundibulum-with-rapidly-expansive-enlargement
#19
Yuichiro Yoneoka, Junichi Yoshimura, Masakazu Sano, Masayasu Okada, Akiyoshi Kakita, Yukihiko Fujii
We present a pediatric case of a rapidly expanding third ventricle germ cell tumor (GCT). A 14-year-old boy suffered from gradual-onset central diabetes insipidus (DI) and received desmopressin treatment. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed nonspecific findings of the pituitary-hypothalamic axis. Nine months after the initial DI diagnosis, he developed progressively worsening headache. MRI demonstrated a third ventricle tumor causing noncommunicating hydrocephalus, although an MRI 16 weeks before admission did not show the lesion...
September 26, 2017: Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28940551/type-1-diabetes-during-adolescence-international-comparison-between-germany-austria-and-sweden
#20
Lena Hanberger, Ulf Samuelsson, Reinhard W Holl, Elke Fröhlich-Reiterer, Karin Åkesson, Sabine Hofer
OBJECTIVES: By using pediatric diabetes quality registries in Austria, Germany, and Sweden treatment of type 1 diabetes and the outcome of care during the vulnerable adolescence period were compared. METHODS: Data in DPV, broadly used in Austria and Germany, and Swediabkids used in Sweden, from clinical visits in the year 2013 on 14 383 patients aged 11 to 16 years regarding hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c), insulin regimen, body mass index (BMI)-SD score (SDS), blood pressure, hypoglycemia, ketoacidosis, and smoking habits were analyzed...
September 22, 2017: Pediatric Diabetes
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