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Paediatric Radiology

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29777243/comparison-of-formulae-for-orotracheal-intubation-depth-in-the-paediatric-population
#1
Jen Heng Pek, Elizabeth Mj Tan, Ying Hao, Gene Yk Ong
INTRODUCTION: Multiple formulae have been proposed for calculating orotracheal depth for paediatric intubation. However, literature on the validation of these formulae in the emergency department setting is limited. Three methods described in the local Advanced Paediatric Life Support curriculum include the Broselow tape, endotracheal tube (ETT) size x 3, and the age-based formula of age divided by 2, add 12. We aimed to determine their accuracy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Patients with intubation performed in the Children's Emergency from 1 January 2009 to 31 December 2013 were included in this retrospective observational study...
April 2018: Annals of the Academy of Medicine, Singapore
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29770855/the-european-society-of-paediatric-radiology-launches-european-diploma-in-paediatric-radiology
#2
REVIEW
Samuel Stafrace, Rutger A J Nievelstein, Maria Raissaki
ᅟ.
May 17, 2018: Pediatric Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29764850/paediatric-osteofibrous-dysplasia-like-adamantinoma-with-classical-radiological-findings
#3
Meraj Ondhia, Neeraj Garg, Vaiyapuri Sumathi, Srikrishna Harave
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 15, 2018: BMJ Case Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29744624/a-rare-case-of-paediatric-primary-central-nervous-system-lymphoma-treated-with-high-dose-methotrexate-and-rituximab-based-chemoimmunotherapy-and-whole-brain-radiotherapy-followed-by-tumour-bed-boost-with-three-dimensional-conformal-radiation-technique
#4
Narayan Adhikari, Ahitagni Biswas, Sameer Bakhshi, Gaurav Khanna, Vaishali Suri
BACKGROUND: Primary central nervous system lymphomas (PCNSL) are rare in the paediatric population. CLINICAL CASE: A 12-year-old boy presented to our clinic with complaints of multiple episodes of generalised tonic-clonic seizures for 1 year and gradual loss of vision in both eyes for 3 months. Baseline magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed a large (7.2 × 7 cm) enhancing soft tissue lesion in the right frontal lobe causing mass effect and midline shift...
May 9, 2018: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29728182/deep-neck-space-abscesses-in-children-below-5-years-of-age-and-their-complications
#5
Avani Jain, Ishwar Singh, Ravi Meher, Anoop Raj, Pragya Rajpurohit, Purodha Prasad
OBJECTIVES: To study the outcomes and complications of deep neck space abscesses in children less than 5 years of age over a period of 15 years. METHODS: A retrospective analysis of children less than 5 years of age with deep neck space abscesses over a 15-year period was conducted at a tertiary care centre in India. Patients were evaluated with respect to the clinical, radiological and laboratory findings. All patients underwent surgical incision and drainage of the abscess and pus cultures were obtained...
June 2018: International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29714065/the-mandate-and-work-of-icrp-committee-3-on-radiological-protection-in-medicine
#6
D L Miller, C J Martin, M M Rehani
The mandate of Committee 3 of the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) is concerned with the protection of persons and unborn children when ionising radiation is used in medical diagnosis, therapy, and biomedical research. Protection in veterinary medicine has been newly added to the mandate. Committee 3 develops recommendations and guidance in these areas. The most recent documents published by ICRP that relate to radiological protection in medicine are 'Radiological protection in cone beam computed tomography' (ICRP Publication 129) and 'Radiological protection in ion beam radiotherapy' (ICRP Publication 127)...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29681956/congenital-cystic-adenomatoid-malformation-diagnostic-and-therapeutic-procedure-8-year-experience-of-one-medical-centre
#7
Bogumiła Strumiłło, Andrzej Jóźwiak, Anna Pałka, Krzysztof Szaflik, Anna Piaseczna-Piotrowska
Introduction: Congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation (CCAM) is a rare anomaly. The mechanisms and the time at which the abnormality develops are still unclear. The malformation is characterized by the presence of single large or multiple but smaller cysts. Aim: To present the experience of our medical centre, the Polish Mother's Memorial Hospital - Research Institute. Material and methods: We analysed the medical records of 32 neonates hospitalized in 2008-2017 at the Department of Paediatric Surgery and Urology ICZMP due to pre- or postnatally diagnosed congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation...
March 2018: Kardiochirurgia i Torakochirurgia Polska, Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678707/long-term-clinical-and-radiological-postoperative-outcomes-after-c1-c2-pedicle-screw-techniques-for-pediatric-atlantoaxial-rotatory-dislocation
#8
Xinjie Wu, Yafeng Li, Mingsheng Tan, Ping Yi, Feng Yang, Xiangsheng Tang, Qingying Hao
BACKGROUND: Although C1-C2 pedicle screw techniques have been extensively reported in paediatric series, reports on their use have examined only small series with short follow-up periods. Here, we present a study on paediatric patients with atlantoaxial rotatory dislocation (AARD) treated with these techniques with a minimum 5-year follow-up period. METHODS: A total of 27 paediatric patients with AARD who underwent C1-C2 pedicle screw fixation between 2004 and 2012 were retrospectively evaluated...
April 17, 2018: World Neurosurgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29678139/pulmonary-hemosiderosis-in-children-with-down-syndrome-a-national-experience
#9
Aurelia Alimi, Jessica Taytard, Rola Abou Taam, Véronique Houdouin, Aude Forgeron, Marc Lubrano Lavadera, Pierrick Cros, Isabelle Gibertini, Jocelyne Derelle, Antoine Deschildre, Caroline Thumerelle, Ralph Epaud, Philippe Reix, Michael Fayon, Sylvie Roullaud, Françoise Troussier, Marie-Catherine Renoux, Jacques de Blic, Sophie Leyronnas, Guillaume Thouvenin, Caroline Perisson, Aimé Ravel, Annick Clement, Harriet Corvol, Nadia Nathan
BACKGROUND: Pulmonary hemosiderosis is a rare and complex disease in children. A previous study from the French RespiRare® network led to two important findings: 20% of the children presented with both pulmonary hemosiderosis and Down syndrome (DS), and at least one tested autoantibody was found positive in 50%. This study investigates the relationships between pulmonary hemosiderosis and DS. METHODS: Patients younger than 20 years old and followed for pulmonary hemosiderosis were retrieved from the RespiRare® database...
April 20, 2018: Orphanet Journal of Rare Diseases
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29676618/cancer-risk-from-paediatric-computed-tomography-scanning-implications-for-radiation-protection-in-medicine
#10
A Kesminiene, E Cardis
The use of computed tomography (CT) imaging is clearly beneficial for millions of patients. However, the potential adverse health effects, particularly cancer, of ionising radiation exposure from CT early in life are an issue of growing concern in the radiological protection, medical, and public health communities. Although efforts to quantify these effects have been conducted, the precision and accuracy of reported risks needs confirmation. EPI-CT, a European collaborative epidemiological study, was set up to quantify risks from paediatric CT to optimise paediatric diagnostic protocol...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29675642/dutch-guideline-for-clinical-foetal-neonatal-and-paediatric-post-mortem-radiology-including-a-review-of-literature
#11
REVIEW
L J P Sonnemans, M E M Vester, E E M Kolsteren, J J H M Erwich, P G J Nikkels, P A M Kint, R R van Rijn, W M Klein
Clinical post-mortem radiology is a relatively new field of expertise and not common practice in most hospitals yet. With the declining numbers of autopsies and increasing demand for quality control of clinical care, post-mortem radiology can offer a solution, or at least be complementary. A working group consisting of radiologists, pathologists and other clinical medical specialists reviewed and evaluated the literature on the diagnostic value of post-mortem conventional radiography (CR), ultrasonography, computed tomography (PMCT), magnetic resonance imaging (PMMRI), and minimally invasive autopsy (MIA)...
April 19, 2018: European Journal of Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29661559/stickler-syndrome-in-children-a-radiological-review
#12
N McArthur, A Rehm, N Shenker, A J Richards, A M McNinch, A V Poulson, J Tanner, M P Snead, P W P Bearcroft
AIM: To review the radiological findings of the largest cohort to date of paediatric patients with Stickler syndrome, all with confirmed molecular genetic analysis and sub-typing. PATIENTS AND METHODS: It is understood that the National Health Service (NHS) commissioned service at Addenbrookes Hospital, Cambridge, UK has the largest cohort of Stickler syndrome patients in the paediatric age group worldwide with 240 registered children. Fifty-nine were assessed radiologically and for their genotypes...
April 13, 2018: Clinical Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29652167/computational-phantoms-icrp-icru-and-further-developments
#13
M Zankl, J Becker, C Lee, W E Bolch, Y S Yeom, C H Kim
Phantoms simulating the human body play a central role in radiation dosimetry. The first computational body phantoms were based upon mathematical expressions describing idealised body organs. With the advent of more powerful computers in the 1980s, voxel phantoms have been developed. Being based on three-dimensional images of individuals, they offer a more realistic anatomy. Hence, the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) decided to construct voxel phantoms representative of the adult Reference Male and Reference Female for the update of organ dose coefficients...
January 1, 2018: Annals of the ICRP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629942/paediatric-multiple-sclerosis-and-other-acute-demyelinating-diseases
#14
Kevin Rostásy, Barbara Bajer-Kornek
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuroimmunological diseases encompass a wide spectrum of diseases in children. Apart from the discovery of autoantibodies affecting primarily grey matter structures and the improved clinical characterization of rare entities such as N-methyl D-aspartate receptor-R- encephalitis, important strides have also been made in autoimmune-mediated white matter diseases, including paediatric multiple sclerosis (pedMS) and other acute demyelinating syndromes (ADS) often associated with antibodies (abs) against myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein (MOG)...
June 2018: Current Opinion in Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29629684/hypertension-as-the-trigger-for-posterior-reversible-encephalopathy-syndrome-in-paediatric-renal-patients-an-important-diagnosis-that-should-not-be-missed
#15
J K Strong, K L Petersen, U Kala
BACKGROUND: Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a reversible neurological condition presenting with seizures and visual disturbances and diagnosed on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Little is understood about its pathogenesis, particularly in children, but it is thought to be related to hypertension. OBJECTIVES: To review the presentation, diagnosis and outcome of PRES in paediatric renal patients at Chris Hani Baragwanath Academic Hospital, Johannesburg, South Africa, between 1 January 2000 and 31 January 2017 and compare these with published case reports to date...
March 28, 2018: South African Medical Journal, Suid-Afrikaanse Tydskrif Vir Geneeskunde
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29589503/treatment-and-functional-outcomes-of-complex-tibial-fractures-in-children-and-adolescents-using-the-ilizarov-method
#16
J Messner, L Johnson, D M Taylor, P Harwood, S Britten, P Foster
Aims The aim of this study was to report the clinical, functional and radiological outcomes of children and adolescents with tibial fractures treated using the Ilizarov method. Patients and Methods Between 2013 and 2016 a total of 74 children with 75 tibial fractures underwent treatment at our major trauma centre using an Ilizarov frame. Demographic and clinical information from a prospective database was supplemented by routine functional and psychological assessment and a retrospective review of the notes and radiographs...
March 1, 2018: Bone & Joint Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29582130/conventional-radiography-in-juvenile-idiopathic-arthritis-joint-recommendations-from-the-french-societies-for-rheumatology-radiology-and-paediatric-rheumatology
#17
Pauline Marteau, Catherine Adamsbaum, Linda Rossi-Semerano, Michel De Bandt, Irène Lemelle, Chantal Deslandre, Tu Anh Tran, Anne Lohse, Elisabeth Solau-Gervais, Christelle Sordet, Pascal Pillet, Brigitte Bader-Meunier, Julien Wipff, Cécile Gaujoux-Viala, Sylvain Breton, Valérie Devauchelle-Pensec
BACKGROUND: Juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) can cause structural damage. However, data on conventional radiography (CR) in JIA are scant. OBJECTIVE: To provide pragmatic guidelines on CR in each non-systemic JIA subtype. METHODS: A multidisciplinary task force of 16 French experts (rheumatologists, paediatricians, radiologists and one patient representative) formulated research questions on CR assessments in each non-systemic JIA subtype...
March 26, 2018: European Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29577488/cytomorphology-and-sonographic-features-of-ectopic-thymic-tissue-diagnosed-in-paediatric-fna-biopsies
#18
F A Escobar, L Pantanowitz, J L Picarsic, F E Craig, J P Simons, P A Viswanathan, S Yilmaz, S E Monaco
INTRODUCTION: Ectopic thymic tissue can arise as an asymptomatic neck mass, which may be detected on imaging studies. The aim of this study was to determine the incidence of ectopic thymic tissue in paediatric FNAs and to the correlate clinical, radiological and cytomorphological findings. METHODS: FNAs in children with neck and mediastinal lesions performed between January 2012 and July 2016 were reviewed for cases of ectopic thymus. These were then evaluated and correlated with the cytology findings...
March 26, 2018: Cytopathology: Official Journal of the British Society for Clinical Cytology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573327/imaging-of-non-accidental-injury-what-is-clinical-best-practice
#19
REVIEW
Amy Nguyen, Robin Hart
Non-accidental injury (NAI) remains the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in children. Fractures are the second most common findings of NAI, after cutaneous lesions such as bruises and contusions. Imaging in NAI remains a controversial issue with little agreement concerning how, when and what imaging modalities should be used in the investigation of suspected cases. This review addresses the radiological investigations and findings of NAI, and the differential diagnoses of these findings. Adherence to the international guidelines for skeletal survey imaging is recommended...
March 24, 2018: Journal of Medical Radiation Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29573212/medication-use-in-infants-admitted-with-bronchiolitis
#20
Ed Oakley, Trusha Brys, Meredith Borland, Jocelyn Neutze, Natalie Phillips, David Krieser, Stuart R Dalziel, Andrew Davidson, Susan Donath, Kim Jachno, Mike South, Amanda Williams, Franz E Babl
BACKGROUND: There are no medications known that improve the outcome of infants with bronchiolitis. Studies have shown the management of bronchiolitis to be varied. OBJECTIVES: To describe medication use at the seven study hospitals from a recent multi-centre randomised controlled trial on hydration in bronchiolitis (comparative rehydration in bronchiolitis [CRIB]). METHODS: A retrospective analysis of extant data of infants between 2 months (corrected for prematurity) and 12 months of age admitted with bronchiolitis identified through the CRIB trial...
March 23, 2018: Emergency Medicine Australasia: EMA
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