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S100B in children

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29716980/the-biomarker-s100b-and-mild-traumatic-brain-injury-a-meta-analysis
#1
REVIEW
Charlotte Oris, Bruno Pereira, Julie Durif, Jeanne Simon-Pimmel, Christoph Castellani, Sergio Manzano, Vincent Sapin, Damien Bouvier
CONTEXT: The usefulness of S100B has been noted as a biomarker in the management of mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) in adults. However, S100B efficacy as a biomarker in children has previously been relatively unclear. OBJECTIVE: A meta-analysis is conducted to assess the prognostic value of S100B in predicting intracerebral lesions in children after mTBI. DATA SOURCES: Medline, Embase, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), Web of Science, Scopus, and Google Scholar...
May 1, 2018: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499197/neurological-deficit-is-predicted-by-s100b-in-children-after-cardiac-surgery
#2
O Bar-Yosef, D Greidinger, M Iskilova, R Hemi, T Tirosh, A Vardi
INTRODUCTION: Children undergoing cardiac surgery may suffer from brain injuries after surgery and develop neurological deficit. Early diagnosis of brain injury after surgery would enable early therapeutic interventions. The aim of the study is to test whether S100B can serve as a biomarker for brain injury after cardiac surgery. METHODS: Seventy-five patients were enrolled in the study. Serum S100B was collected at the beginning of the surgery, and 6, 12, 24 h after surgery...
June 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29484801/brain-injury-markers-s100-calcium-binding-protein-b-neuron-specific-enolase-and-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-in-children-with-diabetic-ketoacidosis
#3
Gönül Çatlı, Ahmet Anık, Sezer Acar, Tuncay Küme, Melike Karabulut, Özlem Gürsoy Çalan, Bumin Nuri Dündar, Ayhan Abacı
BACKGROUND: To investigate serum levels of brain injury markers in diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) and the relation of these markers with clinical and radiological findings of brain injury and laboratory results. METHODS: Twenty-nine patients with DKA, 30 with type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM), and 35 healthy children were included. Clinical and laboratory findings, and the Glasgow Coma Scale (GCS) were recorded. In the DKA group, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S100 calcium-binding protein B (S100B) and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) levels were measured at baseline and 6 and 12 hours after treatment...
February 27, 2018: Pediatric Diabetes
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29454009/24-vs-72-hours-of-hypothermia-for-pediatric-cardiac-arrest-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#4
Ericka L Fink, Robert S B Clark, Rachel P Berger, Anthony Fabio, Derek C Angus, R Scott Watson, John J Gianakas, Ashok Panigrahy, Clifton W Callaway, Michael J Bell, Patrick M Kochanek
AIM: Children surviving cardiac arrest (CA) lack proven neuroprotective therapies. The role of biomarkers in assessing response to interventions is unknown. We hypothesized that 72 versus 24 h of hypothermia (HT) would produce more favorable biomarker profiles after pediatric CA. METHODS: This single center pilot randomized trial tested HT (33 ± 1 °C) for 24 vs. 72 h in 34 children with CA. Children comatose after return of circulation aged 1 week to 17 years and treated with HT by their physician were eligible...
May 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28939504/prognostic-value-of-serum-biomarkers-of-cerebral-injury-in-classifying-neurological-outcome-after-paediatric-resuscitation
#5
Peter Kramer, Oliver Miera, Felix Berger, Katharina Schmitt
AIM: To investigate if the serum biomarkers of cerebral injury, neuron-specific enolase and S100b protein, may classify unfavourable neurological outcome after paediatric cardiac arrest. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of neuron-specific enolase and S100b measurements from 95 children treated in our paediatric cardiac intensive care unit after cardiac arrest. Neurological outcome at discharge was evaluated using the paediatric cerebral performance category scale, with unfavourable outcome defined as a change of >1 compared to pre-arrest status or death...
January 2018: Resuscitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28867331/reference-ranges-for-serum-s100b-neuroprotein-specific-to-infants-under-four-months-of-age
#6
Jeanne Simon-Pimmel, Fleur Lorton, Damien Masson, Damien Bouvier, Matthieu Hanf, Christèle Gras-Le Guen
BACKGROUND: Minor head traumatisms are a common reason for consultation in paediatric emergency departments. The diagnosis of traumatic brain injuries involves performing a cranial computed tomography (CCT), associated with a risk of cancer due to the radiation. The serum S100B is an effective biomarker used to reduce reliance on CCT. While reference ranges have been determined, the limited number of cases regarding infants less than 4months of age has not allowed this biomarker to be used with this age group...
December 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28774366/-association-between-s100b-gene-polymorphisms-and-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease-caused-by-enterovirus-71-infection
#7
Jing Li, Ruo-Bing Shan, Rui-Hai Liu, Ying-Jun Xu, Ni-Yan Qu, Gui-Mei Pan, Na Zhang, Na Yang, Zhen-Zhen Chen, Wen-Xiang Zhang, Zi-Pu Li
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between rs9722 polymorphisms in the S100B gene and hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD) caused by enterovirus 71. METHODS: A total of 124 HFMD children with enterovirus 71 infection were enrolled as subjects, and 56 healthy children were enrolled as control group. The rs9722 polymorphisms in the S100B gene were detected for both groups, and the serum level of S100B protein was measured for 74 HFMD children. RESULTS: The rs9722 locus of the S100B gene had three genotypes, CC, CT, and TT, and the genotype frequencies were in accordance with Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium...
August 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28711670/evaluation-of-serum-neuron-specific-enolase-s100b-myelin-basic-protein-and-glial-fibrilliary-acidic-protein-as-brain-specific-proteins-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorder
#8
Erman Esnafoglu, Sema Nur Ayyıldız, Selma Cırrık, Emine Yurdakul Erturk, Abdullah Erdil, Abdullah Daglı, Tevfik Noyan
OBJECTIVE: Brain specific-proteins are not found in other tissues and measurement non-invasively in the blood may identify structurally and functionally damaged brain regions and identify the severity and prognosis of neuropsychiatric diseases. For this reason, we aimed to evaluate serum brain-specific protein values as brain damage markers in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). METHOD: 35 children with ASD and 31 healthy subjects were included in the study...
July 13, 2017: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612133/brain-specific-serum-biomarkers-predict-neurological-morbidity-in-diagnostically-diverse-pediatric-intensive-care-unit-patients
#9
Alicia K Au, Michael J Bell, Ericka L Fink, Rajesh K Aneja, Patrick M Kochanek, Robert S B Clark
BACKGROUND: Unexpected neurological morbidity in Pediatric Intensive Care Units (PICUs) remains high and is difficult to detect proactively. Brain-specific biomarkers represent a novel approach for early detection of neurological injury. We sought to determine whether serum concentrations of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), myelin basic protein (MBP), and S100B, specific for neurons, oligodendrocytes, and glia, respectively, were predictive of neurological morbidity in critically ill children...
February 2018: Neurocritical Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28605426/biomarkers-of-cerebral-injury-and-inflammation-in-pediatric-tuberculous-meningitis
#10
Ursula K Rohlwink, Katya Mauff, Katalin A Wilkinson, Nico Enslin, Emmanuel Wegoye, Robert J Wilkinson, Anthony A Figaji
Background: Tuberculous meningitis (TBM) leads to death or disability in half the affected individuals. Tools to assess severity and predict outcome are lacking. Neurospecific biomarkers could serve as markers of the severity and evolution of brain injury, but have not been widely explored in TBM. We examined biomarkers of neurological injury (neuromarkers) and inflammation in pediatric TBM and their association with outcome. Methods: Blood and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) of children with TBM and hydrocephalus taken on admission and over 3 weeks were analyzed for the neuromarkers S100B, neuron-specific enolase (NSE), and glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), in addition to multiple inflammatory markers...
October 15, 2017: Clinical Infectious Diseases: An Official Publication of the Infectious Diseases Society of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439892/cerebrospinal-fluid-cyto-chemokine-profile-during-acute-herpes-simplex-virus-induced-anti-n-methyl-d-aspartate-receptor-encephalitis-and-in-chronic-neurological-sequelae
#11
Kavitha Kothur, Deepak Gill, Melanie Wong, Shekeeb S Mohammad, Sushil Bandodkar, Susan Arbunckle, Louise Wienholt, Russell C Dale
AIM: To examine the cytokine/chemokine profile of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) during acute herpes simplex virus-induced N-methyl-d-aspartate receptor (NMDAR) autoimmunity and in chronic/relapsing post-herpes simplex virus encephalitis (HSE) neurological syndromes. METHOD: We measured longitudinal serial CSF cyto-/chemokines (n=34) and a glial marker (calcium-binding astroglial protein, S100B) in one patient during acute HSE and subsequent anti-NMDAR encephalitis, and compared the results with those from two patients with anti-NMDAR encephalitis without preceding HSE...
August 2017: Developmental Medicine and Child Neurology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28202117/-value-of-serum-s100b-protein-and-neuron-specific-enolase-levels-in-predicting-the-severity-of-hand-foot-and-mouth-disease
#12
Jing Li, Rui-Hai Liu, Ruo-Bing Shan
OBJECTIVE: To study the value of serum S100B protein and neuron-specific enolase (NSE) levels in predicting the severity of hand, foot and mouth disease (HFMD). METHODS: Ninety children with HFMD were classified into three groups: common type, severe type, and critical type (n=30 each). Thirty healthy children were randomly selected as the control group. ELISA was used to measure serum levels of S100B protein and NSE before and at 7 days after treatment. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve was used to evaluate the prediction efficiency of S100B protein and NSE for the severity of HFMD...
February 2017: Zhongguo Dang Dai Er Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Contemporary Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28099628/elevated-plasma-concentrations-of-s100-calcium-binding-protein-b-and-tumor-necrosis-factor-alpha-in-children-with-autism-spectrum-disorders
#13
Selin Aktan Guloksuz, Osman Abali, Esin Aktas Cetin, Sema Bilgic Gazioglu, Gunnur Deniz, Abdurrahman Yildirim, Ivana Kawikova, Sinan Guloksuz, James F Leckman
Objective: To investigate plasma concentrations of S100B (a calcium-binding protein derived primarily from the glia) and inflammatory cytokines in children with autism and the relationship between S100B and cytokine concentrations. Methods: Plasma levels of S100B, tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-α), interferon gamma, interleukin (IL)-1β, IL-4, IL-6, IL-10, and IL-17A were measured in 40 unmedicated children with autism and 35 normally developing healthy children...
July 2017: Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28027282/role-of-rifampin-in-reducing-inflammation-and-neuronal-damage-in-childhood-bacterial-meningitis-a-pilot-randomized-controlled-trial
#14
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Lipi Uppal, Sunit Singhi, Pratibha Singhi, Ritu Aggarwal
BACKGROUND: Treatment of acute bacterial meningitis in children with bactericidal antibiotics causes cell wall lysis and a surge in inflammatory cascade, which in turn contributes to neuronal damage and morbidity. Pretreatment with a nonbacteriolytic antibiotic, such as rifampin, has been shown to attenuate the inflammatory response in experimental models of bacterial meningitis. In a pilot study, in children with bacterial meningitis, we have studied markers of inflammatory response and neuronal damage in 2 groups of children with bacterial meningitis; one group received rifampin pretreatment with ceftriaxone and the other group received ceftriaxone alone...
June 2017: Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27847933/the-role-of-s100b-protein-as-a-potential-marker-in-affective-disorders
#15
REVIEW
Aleksandra Rajewska-Rager, Magdalena Pawlaczyk
INTRODUCTION: Both recurrent depressive disorders and affective bipolar disorders are characterized by the changes in glial tissue. S100B protein is a calcium-binding molecule, mainly secreted by glial cells, which, depending on its concentration, has a trophic or toxic effect on neuronal cells. In the recent years, due to the postulated glial hypothesis of affective disorders and the ideas concerning brain neuroplasticity, there has been a growing interest in S100B protein and its role in affective disorders...
2016: Psychiatria Polska
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27319802/serum-concentrations-of-ubiquitin-c-terminal-hydrolase-l1-and-glial-fibrillary-acidic-protein-after-pediatric-traumatic-brain-injury
#16
Stefania Mondello, Firas Kobeissy, Annarita Vestri, Ronald L Hayes, Patrick M Kochanek, Rachel P Berger
Objective reliable markers to assess traumatic brain injury (TBI) and predict outcome soon after injury are a highly needed tool for optimizing management of pediatric TBI. We assessed serum concentrations of Glial Fibrillary Acidic Protein (GFAP) and Ubiquitin C-Terminal Hydrolase-L1 (UCH-L1) in a cohort of 45 children with clinical diagnosis of TBI (Glasgow Coma Scale [GCS] 3-15) and 40 healthy subjects, evaluated their associations with clinical characteristics and outcomes, and compared their performance to previously published data on two well-studied blood biomarkers, S100B and MBP...
2016: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27272973/perioperative-risk-factors-for-impaired-neurodevelopment-after-cardiac-surgery-in-early-infancy
#17
Julia K Gunn, John Beca, Rodney W Hunt, Michelle Goldsworthy, Christian P Brizard, Kirsten Finucane, Susan Donath, Lara S Shekerdemian
OBJECTIVE: Historical cohort studies have reported adverse neurodevelopment following cardiac surgery during early infancy. Advances in surgical techniques and perioperative care have coincided with updating of neurodevelopmental assessment tools. We aimed to determine perioperative risk factors for impaired neurodevelopment at 2 years following surgery for congenital heart disease (CHD) in early infancy. DESIGN AND PATIENTS: We undertook a prospective longitudinal study of 153 full-term infants undergoing surgery for CHD before 2 months of age...
November 2016: Archives of Disease in Childhood
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160122/mir-221-and-mir-222-simultaneously-target-arid1a-and-enhance-proliferation-and-invasion-of-cervical-cancer-cells
#18
Y Yang, X Zhao, H-X Li
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression level of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S100B and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in children with acute miliary tuberculosis and secondary tubercular meningitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 28 children diagnosed with acute miliary tuberculosis and secondary tubercular meningitis were included into group A, 25 children diagnosed with pure acute miliary tuberculosis were included into group B and 23 children diagnosed with suspected meningitis were included into group C...
April 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27160117/expression-level-of-nse-s100b-and-npy-in-children-with-acute-miliary-phthisis-and-secondary-tubercular-meningitis
#19
C-X Zhang, D-J Zhang, Y-L Wang, W Han, G-C Shi, H-Q Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To explore the expression level of neuron-specific enolase (NSE), S100B and neuropeptide Y (NPY) in children with acute miliary tuberculosis and secondary tubercular meningitis. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 28 children diagnosed with acute miliary tuberculosis and secondary tubercular meningitis were included into group A, 25 children diagnosed with pure acute miliary tuberculosis were included into group B and 23 children diagnosed with suspected meningitis were included into group C...
April 2016: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26710878/elevated-levels-of-cerebrospinal-fluid-s100b-are-associated-with-brain-injury-and-unfavorable-outcomes-in-children-with-central-nervous-system-infections
#20
Qiong-Ling Peng, Shao-Hua Tao, Nan Yu, Xi-Zhong Zhou, Yong-Zheng Peng, Ning Fu
PURPOSE: This work aimed to assess whether elevated levels of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) S100B are associated with brain injury and unfavorable outcomes at discharge in children with central nervous system (CNS) infections. METHODS: CSF S100B and associated clinical parameters were retrospectively analyzed in 83 children with CNS infections and 88 children without neurological pathology served as controls. Children with CNS infections were divided into an infectious encephalitis group and an infectious meningitis group based on whether cerebral parenchyma was involved, and CSF S100B levels in different age subgroups between the two groups were compared...
January 2017: International Journal of Neuroscience
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