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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28216687/effect-of-pre-warming-on-perioperative-hypothermia-and-anesthetic-recovery-in-small-breed-dogs-undergoing-ovariohysterectomy
#1
Turi K Aarnes, Richard M Bednarski, Phillip Lerche, John A E Hubbell
This study compared perianesthetic body temperatures and times to recovery from general anesthesia in small dogs that were either warmed for 20 minutes prior to anesthesia or not warmed. Twenty-eight client-owned dogs that were presented for ovariohysterectomy were included in the study. Small (<10 kg body weight) dogs with normal circulatory status were randomly assigned to receive pre-warming for 20 minutes or no treatment. Body temperature was measured during the procedure using a calibrated rectal probe...
February 2017: Canadian Veterinary Journal. la Revue Vétérinaire Canadienne
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28160619/ensemble-perception-of-emotions-in-autistic-and-typical-children-and-adolescents
#2
Themelis Karaminis, Louise Neil, Catherine Manning, Marco Turi, Chiara Fiorentini, David Burr, Elizabeth Pellicano
Ensemble perception, the ability to assess automatically the summary of large amounts of information presented in visual scenes, is available early in typical development. This ability might be compromised in autistic children, who are thought to present limitations in maintaining summary statistics representations for the recent history of sensory input. Here we examined ensemble perception of facial emotional expressions in 35 autistic children, 30 age- and ability-matched typical children and 25 typical adults...
January 16, 2017: Developmental Cognitive Neuroscience
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132825/in%C3%A2-vivo-imaging-of-dentate-gyrus-mossy-cells-in-behaving-mice
#3
Nathan B Danielson, Gergely F Turi, Max Ladow, Spyridon Chavlis, Panagiotis C Petrantonakis, Panayiota Poirazi, Attila Losonczy
Mossy cells in the hilus of the dentate gyrus constitute a major excitatory principal cell type in the mammalian hippocampus; however, it remains unknown how these cells behave in vivo. Here, we have used two-photon Ca(2+) imaging to monitor the activity of mossy cells in awake, behaving mice. We find that mossy cells are significantly more active than dentate granule cells in vivo, exhibit spatial tuning during head-fixed spatial navigation, and undergo robust remapping of their spatial representations in response to contextual manipulation...
February 8, 2017: Neuron
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28132542/-atypical-complaint-in-myocardial-ischaemia-belching
#4
Nóra Turi-Kováts, Hrisula Arabadzisz, András Zsoldos, János Tomcsányi
While educating non-medical personnel on acute coronary syndrome we often emphasize the importance of early recognition and urgent transfer to acute cardiac center of patients with acute myocardial infarction. Aside from typical symptoms of chest tightness and pain radiating to shoulder, arm and jaw, angina often presents with atypical, non-cardiac complaints. These symptoms, often suggesting gastrointestinal problems, can sometimes mislead even the most experienced physicians. We would like to present the case of an 83-year-old woman with several decades long history of ischaemic heart disease, who recently developed a new anginal symptom: lound, uncontrollable belching...
February 2017: Orvosi Hetilap
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28112207/placebo-intervention-enhances-reward-learning-in-healthy-individuals
#5
Zsolt Turi, Matthias Mittner, Walter Paulus, Andrea Antal
According to the placebo-reward hypothesis, placebo is a reward-anticipation process that increases midbrain dopamine (DA) levels. Reward-based learning processes, such as reinforcement learning, involves a large part of the DA-ergic network that is also activated by the placebo intervention. Given the neurochemical overlap between placebo and reward learning, we investigated whether verbal instructions in conjunction with a placebo intervention are capable of enhancing reward learning in healthy individuals by using a monetary reward-based reinforcement-learning task...
January 23, 2017: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28062085/thulium-laser-enucleation-thulep-versus-transurethral-resection-of-the-prostate-in-saline-turis-a-randomized-prospective-trial-to-compare-intra-and-early-postoperative-outcomes
#6
G Bozzini, M Seveso, S Melegari, O de Francesco, N M Buffi, G Guazzoni, M Provenzano, A Mandressi, G Taverna
OBJECTIVE: To compare clinical intra and early postoperative outcomes between thulium laser transurethral enucleation of the prostate (ThuLEP) and transurethral bipolar resection of the prostate (TURis) for treating benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) in a prospective randomized trial. METHODS: The study randomized 208 consecutive patients with BPH to ThuLEP (n=102) or TURis (n=106). For all patients were evaluated preoperatively with regards to blood loss, catheterization time, irrigation volume, hospital stay and operative time...
January 3, 2017: Actas Urologicas Españolas
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28053549/persistence-switch-rates-drug-consumption-and-costs-of-biological-treatment-of-rheumatoid-arthritis-an-observational-study-in-italy
#7
Luca Degli Esposti, Ennio Giulio Favalli, Diego Sangiorgi, Roberta Di Turi, Giuseppina Farina, Marco Gambera, Roberto Ravasio
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this analysis was to provide an estimate of drug utilization indicators (persistence, switch rate and drug consumption) on biologics and the corresponding costs (drugs, admissions and specialist care) incurred by the Italian National Health Service in the management of adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA). METHODS: We conducted an observational retrospective cohort analysis using the administrative databases of three local health units...
2017: ClinicoEconomics and Outcomes Research: CEOR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28026207/impact-sports-and-bone-fractures-among-adolescents
#8
Kyle R Lynch, Han C G Kemper, Bruna Turi-Lynch, Ricardo R Agostinete, Igor H Ito, Rafael Luiz-De-Marco, Mario A Rodrigues-Junior, Rômulo A Fernandes
The objective of the present study was to investigate the effects of different sports on stress fractures among adolescents during a 9-month follow-up period. The sample was composed of 184 adolescents divided into three groups (impact sports [n = 102]; swimming [n = 35]; non-sports [n = 47]). The occurrence of stress fracture was reported by participants and coaches. As potential confounders we considered age, sex, resistance training, body composition variables and age at peak of height velocity. There were 13 adolescents who reported fractures during the 9-month period...
December 27, 2016: Journal of Sports Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27969992/tct-615-do-patients-with-ckd-benefit-from-left-atrial-appendage-closure-laac-with-watchman-insights-from-protect-af
#9
Miguel Valderrabano, Matthew Price, Vivek Reddy, Maurice Buchbinder, David Holmes, Horst Sievert, Zoltan Turi, Nicole Gordon, Chris Mullin, Peter Sick, Patricia Best
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2016: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27903636/spatiotopic-maps-during-dynamic-head-tilt
#10
Kyriaki Mikellidou, Marco Turi, David Charles Burr
Humans maintain a stable representation of the visual world effortlessly, despite constant movements of the eyes, head and body, across multiple planes. Whereas visual stability in the face of saccadic eye-movements has been intensely researched, fewer studies have investigated retinal image transformations induced by head movements, especially in the frontal plane. Unlike head rotations in the horizontal and sagittal planes, tilting the head in the frontal plane is only partially counteracted by torsional eye-movements, and consequently induces a distortion of the retinal image to which we seem to be completely oblivious...
November 30, 2016: Journal of Neurophysiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27835884/combination-of-cox-2-expression-and-pik3ca-mutation-as-prognostic-and-predictive-markers-for-celecoxib-treatment-in-breast-cancer
#11
Sandrine Tury, Véronique Becette, Franck Assayag, Sophie Vacher, Camille Benoist, Maud Kamal, Elisabetta Marangoni, Ivan Bièche, Florence Lerebours, Céline Callens
COX-2 expression level and prognostic value are still a matter of debate in breast cancer (BC). We addressed these points in the context of PIK3CA mutational status. Based on an interesting study of aspirin efficacy in colorectal cancer, we hypothesized that celecoxib antitumoral activity may be restricted to PIK3CA mutated BC.COX-2 mRNA expression was analyzed in 446 BC samples and in 61 BC patient-derived xenografts (PDX) using quantitative RT-PCR. The prognostic impact of COX-2 expression level was assessed independently and according to PIK3CA mutational status in our cohort and in a validation set of 817 BC...
November 8, 2016: Oncotarget
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27805461/response-to-letter-to-the-editor-from-chappelle-spence-and-tury-concerning-wolf-et%C3%A2-al-2016-illustrative-case-using-the-risk21-roadmap-and-matrix-prioritization-for-evaluation-of-chemicals-found-in-drinking-water-2016-crit-rev-toxicol-vol-46-43-53
#12
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27802653/excess-electrons-in-methanol-clusters-beyond-the-one-electron-picture
#13
Gábor Pohl, Letif Mones, László Turi
We performed a series of comparative quantum chemical calculations on various size negatively charged methanol clusters, CH3OHn(-). The clusters are examined in their optimized geometries (n = 2-4), and in geometries taken from mixed quantum-classical molecular dynamics simulations at finite temperature (n = 2-128). These latter structures model potential electron binding sites in methanol clusters and in bulk methanol. In particular, we compute the vertical detachment energy (VDE) of an excess electron from increasing size methanol cluster anions using quantum chemical computations at various levels of theory including a one-electron pseudopotential model, several density functional theory (DFT) based methods, MP2 and coupled-cluster CCSD(T) calculations...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Chemical Physics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27775469/association-of-different-physical-activity-domains-on-all-cause-mortality-in-adults-participating-in-primary-care-in-the-brazilian-national-health-system-4-year-follow-up
#14
Bruna C Turi, Jamile S Codogno, Romulo A Fernandes, Xuemei Sui, Carl J Lavie, Steven N Blair, Henrique L Monteiro
BACKGROUND: Evidence has shown that physical activity (PA) is associated with low mortality risk. However, data about reduced mortality due to PA are scarce in developing countries and the dose-response relationship between PA from different domains and all-cause mortality remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study is to investigate the association of PA from different domains on all-cause mortality among Brazilian adults. METHODS: 679 males and females composed the study sample...
October 24, 2016: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27750465/letter-to-the-editor-re-wolf-et%C3%A2-al-1
#15
Anne Harman Chappelle, Mark Spence, Bernard Tury
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2016: Critical Reviews in Toxicology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27742596/serotonin-an-ancient-molecule-and-an-important-regulator-of-plant-processes
#16
Lauren A E Erland, Christina E Turi, Praveen K Saxena
Serotonin is an ancient indoleamine that was presumably part of the life cycle of the first prokaryotic life forms on Earth millions of years ago where it functioned as a powerful antioxidant to combat the increasingly oxygen rich atmosphere. First identified as a neurotransmitter signaling molecule in mammals, it is ubiquitous across all forms of life. Serotonin was discovered in plants many years after its discovery in mammals; however, it has now been confirmed in almost all plant families, where it plays important roles in plant growth and development, including functions in energy acquisition, seasonal cycles, modulation of reproductive development, control of root and shoot organogenesis, maintenance of plant tissues, delay of senescence, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses...
October 11, 2016: Biotechnology Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27688739/prevalence-and-predictors-of-video-game-addiction-a-study-based-on-a-national-representative-sample-of-gamers
#17
Charlotte Thoresen Wittek, Turi Reiten Finserås, Ståle Pallesen, Rune Aune Mentzoni, Daniel Hanss, Mark D Griffiths, Helge Molde
Video gaming has become a popular leisure activity in many parts of the world, and an increasing number of empirical studies examine the small minority that appears to develop problems as a result of excessive gaming. This study investigated prevalence rates and predictors of video game addiction in a sample of gamers, randomly selected from the National Population Registry of Norway (N = 3389). Results showed there were 1.4 % addicted gamers, 7.3 % problem gamers, 3.9 % engaged gamers, and 87.4 % normal gamers...
2016: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27669259/data-analytics-for-smart-parking-applications
#18
Nicola Piovesan, Leo Turi, Enrico Toigo, Borja Martinez, Michele Rossi
We consider real-life smart parking systems where parking lot occupancy data are collected from field sensor devices and sent to backend servers for further processing and usage for applications. Our objective is to make these data useful to end users, such as parking managers, and, ultimately, to citizens. To this end, we concoct and validate an automated classification algorithm having two objectives: (1) outlier detection: to detect sensors with anomalous behavioral patterns, i.e., outliers; and (2) clustering: to group the parking sensors exhibiting similar patterns into distinct clusters...
2016: Sensors
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641765/progressive-decrease-of-mitochondrial-motility-during-maturation-of-cortical-axons-in%C3%A2-vitro-and-in%C3%A2-vivo
#19
Tommy L Lewis, Gergely F Turi, Seok-Kyu Kwon, Attila Losonczy, Franck Polleux
The importance of mitochondria for neuronal function is evident by the large number of neurodegenerative diseases that have been associated with a disruption of mitochondrial function or transport (reviewed in [1, 2]). Mitochondria are essential for proper biological function as a result of their ability to produce ATP through oxidative phosphorylation, buffer cytoplasmic calcium, regulate lipid biosynthesis, and trigger apoptosis (reviewed in [2]). Efficient transport of mitochondria is thought to be particularly important in neurons in light of their compartmentalization, length of axonal processes, and high-energy requirements (reviewed in [3])...
October 10, 2016: Current Biology: CB
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27622179/prolonged-practice-of-swimming-is-negatively-related-to-bone-mineral-density-gains-in-adolescents
#20
Marcelo R Ribeiro-Dos-Santos, Kyle R Lynch, Ricardo R Agostinete, Santiago Maillane-Vanegas, Bruna Turi-Lynch, Igor H Ito, Rafael Luiz-de-Marco, Mario A Rodrigues-Junior, Rômulo A Fernandes
BACKGROUND: The practice of swimming in "hypogravity" conditions has potential to decrease bone formation because it decreases the time engaged in weight-bearing activities usually observed in the daily activities of adolescents. Therefore, adolescents competing in national levels would be more exposed to these deleterious effects, because they are engaged in long routines of training during most part of the year. To analyze the effect of swimming on bone mineral density (BMD) gain among adolescents engaged in national level competitions during a 9-month period...
August 2016: Journal of Bone Metabolism
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