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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731658/rights-of-persons-with-conditions-associated-with-disability-current-legal-framework
#1
Graciela Moya
The objective of this review study is to promote the dissemination of the legislation in force in Argentina for the protection of the rights of persons with conditions that might cause disability. Articles of bills and laws that protect the rights of these families are reviewed, so that health care providers assisting them have better access to them. Argentina has a wide range of laws and regulations dedicated to protecting them, but they are generally not clearly recognized by citizens. The aim is to disseminate this information in the medical setting so that health care providers can help patients recognize their rights through empowerment...
August 1, 2017: Archivos Argentinos de Pediatría
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28731391/malpractice-litigation-following-spine-surgery
#2
Alan H Daniels, Roy Ruttiman, Adam E M Eltorai, J Mason DePasse, Bielinsky A Brea, Mark A Palumbo
OBJECTIVE Adverse events related to spine surgery sometimes lead to litigation. Few studies have evaluated the association between spine surgical complications and medical malpractice proceedings, outcomes, and awards. The aim of this study was to identify the most frequent causes of alleged malpractice in spine surgery and to gain insight into patient demographic and clinical characteristics associated with medical negligence litigation. METHODS A search for "spine surgery" spanning February 1988 to May 2015 was conducted utilizing the medicolegal research service VerdictSearch (ALM Media Properties, LLC)...
July 21, 2017: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28730264/is-the-human-embryo-legally-defined-and-protected-causes-and-consequences
#3
Maria Aluaş, Claudia Diana Gherman, Cristiana Iulia Dumitrescu
"Everyone's right to life shall be protected by law", states the article 2 of the European Convention of Human Rights (1950). This article guarantees the protection of life of all persons. The human embryo, however, does not seem to be under the protection of this article, or, at least not always. The human embryo does not have a nature clearly defined and it is not considered always as person. The law protects only two categories by its ordinary regulations: things and persons. Our main objective is to find out if the human embryo is or not protected, according to the legal framework in Romania...
2017: Romanian Journal of Morphology and Embryology, Revue Roumaine de Morphologie et Embryologie
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728642/a-latent-profile-analysis-of-aggression-and-victimization-across-relationship-types-among-veterans-who-use-substances
#4
RaeAnn E Anderson, Erin E Bonar, Maureen A Walton, Jason E Goldstick, Sheila A M Rauch, Quyen M Epstein-Ngo, Stephen T Chermack
OBJECTIVE: This study examined patterns of violence victimization and aggression in both intimate partner and nonpartner relationships among U.S. military veterans using latent profile analysis to identify subtypes of violence involvement. METHOD: Participants were 839 substance use treatment-seeking veterans (93% male) from a large Veterans Affairs Medical Center who completed screening measures for a randomized controlled trial. RESULTS: Past-year violence involvement, including both intimate partner violence (IPV) and nonpartner violence (NPV), was common in the sample, although NPV occurred at somewhat higher rates...
July 2017: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728323/analysis-of-the-legal-effect-of-settlement-agreements-prepared-in-medical-litigation-following-plastic-surgery-in-korea
#5
Jung Woo Kwon, Bo Young Park, So Ra Kang, Seung Eun Hong
BACKGROUND: Settlements between doctors and patients provide a solution to complicated disputes. However, some disputes may be renewed as a result of negligence by both parties. The purpose of this study was to review the legal issues that may potentially arise during the preparation of settlement agreements and to propose a list of requirements for ensuring the effectiveness of these settlement agreements. METHODS: Data from 287 civil cases concerning aesthetic surgery that took place between 2000 and 2015 were collected from a court database in South Korea...
July 2017: Archives of Plastic Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28728073/sudden-perinatal-death-due-to-rupture-of-congenital-cardiac-diverticulum-pathological-findings-and-medico-legal-investigations-in-malpractice-charge
#6
Matteo Marchesi, Michele Boracchi, Guendalina Gentile, Francesca Maghin, Riccardo Zoja
Congenital diverticula of the left ventricle, very rare malformations, are determined by an abnormal embryonic development of the ventricular wall and can be isolated or associated to other cardiac anomalies. In most of the cases, these pathologies are not symptomatic and in some patients can be associated to ventricular arrhythmia, cardiac rupture with tamponade and sudden death. Authors are presenting the case of a sudden death in an 8-weeks-old newborn due to rupture of a cardiac congenital diverticulum of the left ventricle, discovered only at the moment of the autopsic examination...
July 12, 2017: Legal Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727695/where-to-from-here-posthumous-healthcare-data-digital-e-lectronic-mortality-and-new-zealand-s-healthcare-future
#7
Katie Hoeksema, Richman Wee, Alastair Macdonald, Parry Guilford, Jesse Wall, Jon Cornwall
Ongoing improvements in digital data acquisition and storage has led to the phenomenon of e(lectronic)-mortality, where digital data can now exist for a potentially infinite period. Globally, many countries are facilitating the acquisition and researcher-led access to large-scale, population-based digitised healthcare data sets. Their utilisation has led to numerous positive advances in healthcare. New Zealand's medical record system is becoming increasingly digitised, and as a consequence there will be an ever-increasing resource of posthumous healthcare data stored digitally, including genomic information...
July 21, 2017: New Zealand Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727521/ethical-guidance-for-disaster-response-specifically-around-crisis-standards-of-care-a-systematic-review
#8
Jonathon P Leider, Debra DeBruin, Nicole Reynolds, Angelica Koch, Judy Seaberg
BACKGROUND: Terrorism, disease outbreaks, and other natural disasters and mass casualty events have pushed health care and public health systems to identify and refine emergency preparedness protocols for disaster response. Ethical guidance, alongside legal and medical frameworks, are increasingly common components of disaster response plans. OBJECTIVES: To systematically review the prevalence and content of ethical guidance offered for disaster response, specifically around crisis standards of care (CSCs)...
July 20, 2017: American Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726292/-in-visibility-online-the-benefits-of-online-patient-forums-for-people-with-a-hidden-illness-the-case-of-multiple-chemical-sensitivities-mcs
#9
Tarryn Phillips, Tyson Rees
Sufferers of medically unexplained conditions that are not observable in the clinic can experience multiple layers of invisibility: a lack of biomedical diagnosis; legal skepticism; political disinterest; and a loss of their prior social identity. For those with environmental sensitivities, this is compounded by literal hiddenness due to often being housebound. Drawing on an online survey of people with multiple chemical sensitivity, this article examines how the everyday experience of invisibility is mitigated by engaging with other patients online...
July 20, 2017: Medical Anthropology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726247/women-s-attitudes-to-safe-induced-abortion-in-iran-findings-from-a-pilot-survey
#10
Nader Aghakhani, Michelle Cleary, Abbas Zarei, Violeta Lopez
AIM: To explore attitudes to safe-induced abortion among pregnant women in Iran. BACKGROUND: In Islamic teachings abortion is generally forbidden. However in specific circumstances abortion may be permitted and currently, in Iran, the law allows termination of pregnancy only if three specialist physicians confirm that the pregnancy outcome may be harmful for the mother during pregnancy or after birth. DESIGN: Pilot, descriptive survey. METHODS: A 15-item structured questionnaire focusing on attitudes to safe-induced abortion was developed and pilot tested...
July 20, 2017: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28726026/euthanasia-global-scenario-and-its-status-in-india
#11
REVIEW
Raghvendra Singh Shekhawat, Tanuj Kanchan, Puneet Setia, Alok Atreya, Kewal Krishan
The legal and moral validity of euthanasia has been questioned in different situations. In India, the status of euthanasia is no different. It was the Aruna Ramachandra Shanbaug case that got significant public attention and led the Supreme Court of India to initiate detailed deliberations on the long ignored issue of euthanasia. Realising the importance of this issue and considering the ongoing and pending litigation before the different courts in this regard, the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Government of India issued a public notice on May 2016 that invited opinions from the citizens and the concerned stakeholders on the proposed draft bill entitled The Medical Treatment of Terminally Ill Patients (Protection of Patients and Medical Practitioners) Bill...
July 19, 2017: Science and Engineering Ethics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28724420/legal-access-to-medications-a-threat-to-brazil-s-public-health-system
#12
Ana Luiza Chieffi, Rita De Cassia Barata Barradas, Moisés Golbaum
BACKGROUND: In Brazil, health is fundamental human right guaranteed by the Constitution of 1988, which created the Brazilian Universal Health System (Sistema Único de Saúde - SUS). The SUS provides medications for outpatient care via policy of pharmaceutical assistance (PA) programmes. Despite the advances in PA policies which include the improvement in access to medications, there has been a significant increase in lawsuits related to health products and services. This study aimed to characterize the medication processes filed between 2010 and 2014 against the Secretary of State for Health of São Paulo (State Health Department of São Paulo - SES/SP), in Brazil, following PA policies...
July 19, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28723312/alcohol-marijuana-and-opioid-use-disorders-5-year-patterns-and-characteristics-of-emergency-department-encounters
#13
Amber L Bahorik, Derek D Satre, Andrea H Kline-Simon, Constance M Weisner, Kelly C Young-Wolff, Cynthia I Campbell
BACKGROUND: Changes in substance use patterns stemming from opioid misuse, ongoing drinking problems, and marijuana legalization may result in new populations of patients with substance use disorders (SUDs) using emergency department (ED) resources. This study examined ED admission trends in a large sample of patients with alcohol, marijuana, and opioid use disorder in an integrated health system. METHODS: In a retrospective design, electronic health record (EHR) data identified patients with ≥ 1 of three common SUDs in 2010 (n = 17,574; alcohol, marijuana, or opioid use disorder) and patients without SUD (n = 17,574)...
July 19, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28720025/perspectives-on-induced-abortion-among-palestinian-women-religion-culture-and-access-in-the-occupied-palestinian-territories
#14
Sarrah Shahawy, Megan B Diamond
Induced abortion is an important public health issue in the occupied Palestinian territories (OPT), where it is illegal in most cases. This study was designed to elicit the views of Palestinian women on induced abortion given the unique religious, ethical and social challenges in the OPT. Sixty Palestinian women were interviewed on their perceptions of the religious implications, social consequences and accessibility of induced abortions in the OPT at Al-Makassed Islamic Charitable Hospital in East Jerusalem...
July 19, 2017: Culture, Health & Sexuality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28719221/biosimilars-biologics-that-meet-patients-needs-and-healthcare-economics
#15
Mark McCamish, William Yoon, James McKay
Biologics have revolutionized medical care, yet uniform access to these effective medicines remains difficult due to the increasing costs of healthcare. As patent exclusivity on the early biologics wanes, regulatory and legal systems are adapting to bring competition to the field in the form of biosimilars. Biosimilars are biologics that offer the same clinical benefit in one or more of the same indications as the reference biologic drug and bring competition to the biologics space. Legislation creating a pathway resulting in the first US approvals of biosimilars has been in place since 2010, but the regulatory methodology and science of evaluating the sameness of two biologics has been in use for decades...
September 2016: American Journal of Managed Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28717715/compulsory-licenses-for-cancer-drugs-does-circumventing-patent-rights-improve-access-to-oncology-medications
#16
REVIEW
Cinthia Leite Frizzera Borges Bognar, Brittany L Bychkovsky, Gilberto de Lima Lopes
Worldwide, there are enormous inequities in cancer control that cause poor outcomes among patients with cancer who live in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). One of the biggest challenges that oncology faces today is how to increase patient access to expensive, but life-saving, therapies in LMICs. Access to cancer medications in LMICs is a major problem, especially in recent years, as the costs of these therapies continue to rise exponentially. One mechanism available to LMICs to improve access to cancer medications allows a country to pursue a compulsory license for a given drug...
October 2016: Journal of Global Oncology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28716621/healthcare-professionals-attitudes-about-physician-assisted-death-an-analysis-of-their-justifications-and-the-roles-of-terminology-and-patient-competency
#17
Derek W Braverman, Brian S Marcus, Paul G Wakim, Mark R Mercurio, Gary S Kopf
CONTEXT: Healthcare professionals (HCPs) are crucial to physician-assisted death (PAD) provision. OBJECTIVES: To quantitatively assess the favorability of justifications for or against PAD legalization among HCPs, the effect of the terms "suicide" and "euthanasia" on their views, and their support for three forms of PAD. METHODS: Our questionnaire presented three cases: physician-assisted suicide, euthanasia for a competent patient, and euthanasia for an incompetent patient with an advance directive for euthanasia...
July 14, 2017: Journal of Pain and Symptom Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28715253/drug-helplines-and-adult-marijuana-users-an-assessment-in-washington-colorado-oregon-and-alaska
#18
Beatriz H Carlini, Sharon B Garrett
Drug helplines are well known and widely utilized resources for those seeking help with managing their substance use. We used "secret shoppers" to preliminarily assess the readiness of drug helplines in four states that legalized non-medical adult marijuana use to assist those seeking information and help for marijuana use. Eleven calls were placed to the helpline staff, where the secret shopper posed as an adult users of marijuana interested in decreasing their marijuana use and asked questions about cannabinoids and methods of marijuana consumption...
July 17, 2017: Substance Abuse
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713099/-giving-medico-legal-opinions-in-cases-with-suspicion-of-medical-mistake-part-1-between-medicine-and-justice
#19
Czesław Chowaniec, Małgorzata Chowaniec, Mateusz Wilk
Creating medico-legal opinion is a sophisticated investigative, analytical, decision-making and creative process. Forensic medicine specialist in cooperation with clinical medicine consultants, on the basis of evidence analysis, which was gathered during procedures and contained in the acts has to create an objective and essential opinion. This opinion is a vital, very important and irreplaceable proof in every case. Judicial body consults with forensic medicine specialist or specialists if there are circumstances for settlement of which there is a need of classified informations - art...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713096/the-directions-of-development-of-legal-regulation-of-patenting-the-methods-of-treatment-in-ukraine-considering-the-european-and-world-experience
#20
Vitalii Pashkov, Yevhen Hrekov, Maryna Hrekova
INTRODUCTION: the current state of patenting legal regulation of medical treatment in Ukraine and in the world is analyzed, the directions for the further development are determined. The author defines "non-industrial medical" and socio-ethical theories in the field of medical treatment patent protection. The existence of exclusively formal "monopoly" of the patent owner is noted, as well as the inapplicability of the majority of the patented achievements in this field in Ukraine. AIM: the purpose of this article is to investigate the current state of patenting legal regulation of medical treatment in Ukraine and in the world, to analyze the limitation of patent protection basic conception in the medical field and to determine the tendencies and perspectives of the legal protection mechanism of further development in this field in Ukraine, considering the European and world regulation experience...
2017: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
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