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titanium pedicular screw

Weidong Wu, Chun Chen, Jinpei Ning, Peidong Sun, Jinyuan Zhang, Changfu Wu, Zhenyu Bi, Jihong Fan, Xianliang Lai, Jun Ouyang
A finite element model was used to compare the biomechanical properties of a novel anterior transpedicular screw artificial vertebral body system (AVBS) with a conventional anterior screw plate system (ASPS) for fixation in the lower cervical spine. A model of the intact cervical spine (C3-C7) was established. AVBS or ASPS constructs were implanted between C4 and C6. The models were loaded in three-dimensional (3D) motion. The Von Mises stress distribution in the internal fixators was evaluated, as well as the range of motion (ROM) and facet joint force...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Biomechanical Engineering
Padányi Csaba, Ferenc Misik, Zoltán Papp, Dusan Vitanovics, Attila Balogh, Róbert Veres, László Lipóth, Péter Banczerowski
BACKGROUND: Over the last few decades many innovative operation technique were developed due to the increase of porotic vertebral fractures. These new techniques aim to reach the required stability of the vertebral column. In case of significant instability, spinal canal stenosis or neural compression, decompressive intervention may be necessary, which results in further weakening of the column of the spine, the minimal invasive percutan vertebroplasty is not an adequate method to reach the required stability, that is why insertion of complementary pedicular screws is needed...
January 30, 2015: Ideggyógyászati Szemle
L M Romero-Muñoz, M Alfonso, C Villas, J L Zubieta
Artifact may lead to confusion when evaluating postoperative CT scans of lumbar pedicle screws. The aim of our study was to develop a specific metal artifact reduction image protocol, in order to reduce metal artifact caused by titanium pedicular screw in patients undergoing lumbar pathology by lumbar fusion. Therefore, the reduction in metal artifacts in lumbar pedicle screws allows surgeons to do an accurate diagnosis of the exact placement of inserted pedicle screws, minimizes false reexploration, and maximizes proper and prompt treatment of misplaced screw...
August 2013: Musculoskeletal Surgery
Fabio Galbusera, Chiara Maria Bellini, Federica Anasetti, Cristina Ciavarro, Alessio Lovi, Marco Brayda-Bruno
The surgical devices for the treatment of degenerative disc disease are based on different concepts (rods for spine fusion, ROM-restricting or load-bearing devices for dynamic stabilization). In the present work, the effects of some stabilization systems on the biomechanics of the lumbar spine were investigated by means of a finite element model of the L2-L5 spine segment. Pedicular screws and stabilization devices were added at L4-L5. Different rods were considered: stainless steel, titanium, PEEK and the composite ostaPek...
May 2011: Medical Engineering & Physics
Stephan W Tohtz, Patrick Rogalla, Matthias Taupitz, Carsten Perka, Tobias Winkler, Michael Putzier
BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Computed tomography (CT) represents the state of the art for the postoperative verification of the implant position after transpedicular stabilizations. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has not challenged the CT, yet, because of susceptibility artifacts but would be favorable as a diagnostic tool for its excellent soft-tissue qualities. PURPOSE: A study that analyzed if an artifact-reduced MRI could overcome this problem and provide sufficient data for the postoperative assessment was conducted...
April 2010: Spine Journal: Official Journal of the North American Spine Society
Marek Fatyga, Bogdan Kłapeć, Piotr Majcher, Andrzej Skwarcz
BACKGROUND: [corrected] Three-dimensional surgical correction of scoliosis was introduced in the 1980s by Cotrel-Dubousset. Initially only laminar and pedicular hooks, two rods (correcting and stabilizing), and transverse links joining both rods were used to correct and stabilize the spine. When implant systems had been developed and modernized, transpedicular screws in the lumbar segment were used, followed by titanium implants. The aim of our study was to evaluate the outcome after surgical correction of scoliosis using the three-dimensional correction method with spondylodesis...
June 30, 2005: Ortopedia, Traumatologia, Rehabilitacja
O Diedrich, C N Kraft, L Perlick, O Schmitt
The development of intervertebral cages has significantly innovated the original technique of posterior lumbar interbody fusion (PLIF). In this study we present the results of patients treated for degenerative or postoperative segmental spinal instabilities by PLIF with cages and pedicular stabilisation (360 degrees-instrumentation). Between 1992 and 1999 we implanted either CFRP-, PEEK- or Titanium-cages in 86 patients. 78 patients were adequately followed up over a period of at least 12 months (average 2,6 years)...
2001: Zentralblatt Für Neurochirurgie
M Clavel-Escribano, A Robles-Balibrea, P Clavel-Laria, V Robles-Cano, P Puertas-García-Sandoval, C Laria-Fernández
Since late 1992 we started performing posterior lumbar interbody fusions together with pedicular screws and intertransverse fusion. Later on we decided to use posterior lumbar interbody fusions with titanium cages and autologous bone. We are presenting our results with a group of 52 patients with 6 months to 4 and a half years of follow-up. We have used the Prolo Functional Economic Outcome Rating Scale to evaluate our results, obtaining a high percentage (92%) of satisfactory results. The fusion's percentage was also very high, although we express the difficulty to evaluate the fusion grade considering the X-ray artifact produced by the cages...
October 2001: Neurocirugía
P J Belmont, W R Klemme, A Dhawan, D W Polly
STUDY DESIGN: A retrospective observational study of 279 transpedicular thoracic screws using postoperative computed tomography (CT). OBJECTIVE: To determine the accuracy of transpedicular thoracic screws. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Previous studies have reported the importance of properly placed transpedicular thoracic screws. To our knowledge, the in vivo accuracy of pedicle screw placement throughout the entire thoracic spine by CT is unknown...
November 1, 2001: Spine
H Matsuzaki, Y Tokuhashi, K Wakabayashi, K Ishihara, Y Shirasaki, T Tateishi
Only a few plate systems are available for anterior fixation of thoracolumbar vertebrae because of the difficulty in fastening a screw and a plate together. If the fixation is inadequate, the screws will become loose. The Rigix plate system consists of screws made of titanium alloy and a plate made of pure titanium. All screws used for internal fixation are screwed into the plate. This system permits the use of anchor screws, which facilitate exertion of force to compress the vertebral bodies together or to distract them from each other...
August 1997: Journal of Spinal Disorders
N A Ebraheim, R E Rupp, E R Savolaine, D Reinke
Several types of pedicular screw systems have been utilized to augment lumbar spine fusion. All systems are made of stainless steel, which interferes with imaging techniques, especially MRI and CT scans. In search of a solution for this problem, we decided to study the use of titanium systems in the lumbar spine. Because there were no titanium pedicle screw systems available on the market, we decided to use the titanium Alta system currently used for femur fractures. This report details our experience in using this device for lumbar spine fusion...
December 1994: Journal of Spinal Disorders
Y Tokuhashi, H Matsuzaki, S Sano
A preliminary case report of the clinical application of the Diapason hook system is discussed. The hooks were implanted in six patients for the fixation of the thoracic region (n = 3), the prevention of backout of pedicular screws (n = 3), and repair of the pars interarticularis (n = 1); the patients were followed for more than 6 months after the surgery. Results indicate that in all of the cases the initial purpose of the Diapason hook system was served. The advantages of the Diapason screw and hook system are its titanium alloy material and simplicity in implanting...
1995: Journal of Spinal Disorders
Y Iwasaku, Y Yamaguchi, N Ohi, K Emoto, T Kusakabe
We studied the cases of 60 patients who underwent magnetic resonance (MR) imaging evaluation after fixation with the titanium alloy pedicular screw system. Spine stabilization was required in the thoracic and lumbar region for various spinal disorders. The images were evaluated for the spinal and adjacent tissues. These pedicular screw systems were imaged safely and caused no particular clinical problems. The localized signal void artifacts were seen around the implants. This artifact did not interfere with the diagnosis for another disease...
1995: Journal of Spinal Disorders
N A Ebraheim, E R Savolaine, S H Stitgen, W T Jackson
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the thoracolumbar spine is valuable in the diagnosis of acute and chronic spine injuries. It allows evaluation of the nerve roots, spinal cord, and the supporting bony and ligamentous structures. Magnetic resonance imaging can be used to detect sequelae of spinal cord injury and any mechanical impingement on the spinal cord or nerve roots. Pedicular screw fixation of the spine is becoming the procedure of choice for stabilization of the lumbar spine, yet it limits the postoperative use of MRI because of marked imaging artifacts arising from the ferromagnetic properties of the used stainless steel implants...
June 1992: Clinical Orthopaedics and related Research
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