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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29166141/adherence-to-the-wcrf-aicr-for-women-in-breast-cancer-adjuvant-treatment-submitted-to-educational-nutritional-intervention
#1
Sheyla de Liz, Francilene Gracieli Kunradi Vieira, Maria Alice Altenburg de Assis, Alyne Lizane Cardoso, Clarice Perucchi Lopes Pazini, Patricia Faria Di Pietro
Patients undergoing breast cancer treatment are susceptible to changes in eating behavior and nutrition status, thus making nutrition education relevant. Based on the World Cancer Research Fund/American Institute for Cancer Research (WCRF/AICR) guide, with recommendations for cancer prevention released in 2007, the present study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of educational nutritional intervention for women with breast cancer undergoing treatment while adhering to the 2007 WCRF/AICR guidelines. A nonrandomized clinical trial was conducted with a population composed of female patients, divided in intervention (IG, n = 18) and comparison (CG, n = 68) groups...
November 22, 2017: Nutrition and Cancer
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29165761/protein-metabolism-and-exercise-in-children-a-review
#2
G Liu, Z-G Li, H-W Wu
General nutritional strategies to promote whole body protein retention, particularly with relation to exercise, have been largely based on adult research that does not consider the dynamic process of growth and often ignores scenarios commonly experienced by children (e.g., exercise in the heat). Therefore, the aim of the present review is to highlight the importance of post-exercise protein quantity and timing in active children, specifically with respect to the whole body protein turnover.
October 2017: European Review for Medical and Pharmacological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164756/survey-of-disability-related-content-in-australian-dietetics-programs
#3
Shannon Butler, Jane Kellett, Rachel Bacon, Annette Byron
AIM: Nutrition and dietetic services are an important component of healthcare for people living with a disability. The introduction of the National Disability Insurance Scheme (NDIS) in Australia is providing more opportunities for individuals to access these services from an Accredited Practising Dietitian (APD). The aim of this research was to identify how students in Australian tertiary dietetics programs are being prepared to provide these services to people with a disability. METHODS: A purpose-built questionnaire with eight open-ended questions was developed by the researchers to describe the disability-related content of university and professional placement learning opportunities and was distributed to all course conveners (or their nominated representative) of dietetics programs accredited by the Dietitians Association of Australia...
November 21, 2017: Nutrition & Dietetics: the Journal of the Dietitians Association of Australia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164391/association-between-low-diastolic-blood-pressure-and-subclinical-myocardial-injury
#4
George S Waits, Wesley T O'Neal, Pratik B Sandesara, Yabing Li, Amit J Shah, Elsayed Z Soliman
BACKGROUND: Coronary arteries perfuse cardiac myocytes during diastole. We hypothesized that marked lowering of diastolic blood pressure (DBP) is associated with increased risk of subclinical myocardial injury (SC-MI). METHODS: This analysis included 6107 participants without history of cardiovascular disease (CVD) from the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. SC-MI was determined by a validated electrocardiogram-based scoring system. Logistic regression was used to examine the cross-sectional association between DBP (< 70, 70-80 mmHg (reference group), and > 80 mmHg; and per each 10 mmHg decrease, separately) with SC-MI across levels of systolic blood pressure (SBP) (< 120, 120-139, or > 140 mmHg)...
November 21, 2017: Clinical Research in Cardiology: Official Journal of the German Cardiac Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164177/a-systems-medicine-approach-translating-emerging-science-into-individualized-wellness
#5
REVIEW
J S Bland, D M Minich, B M Eck
In today's aging society, more people are living with lifestyle-related noncommunicable diseases (NCDs) such as cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes, obesity, and cancer. Numerous opinion-leader organizations recommend lifestyle medicine as the first-line approach in NCD prevention and treatment. However, there is a strong need for a personalized approach as "one-size-fits-all" public health recommendations have been insufficient in addressing the interindividual differences in the diverse populations. Advancement in systems biology and the "omics" technologies has allowed comprehensive analysis of how complex biological systems are impacted upon external perturbations (e...
2017: Advances in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164125/malnutrition-upon-hospital-admission-in-geriatric-patients-why-assess-it
#6
Paolo Orlandoni, Claudia Venturini, Nikolina Jukic Peladic, Annarita Costantini, Mirko Di Rosa, Claudia Cola, Natascia Giorgini, Redenta Basile, Donata Fagnani, Debora Sparvoli, Serenella David
Objective: To assess the prevalence of malnutrition according to the new ESPEN definition in a population of geriatric hospital patients and to determine how malnutrition affects the length of hospital stay (LOS) and hospital mortality. Design: A retrospective analysis of data gathered during nutritional screening surveys carried out three consecutive years, from 2012 to 2014, in an Italian geriatric research hospital (INRCA, Ancona) was performed. On the day of the study, demographic data, data on clinical conditions and the nutritional status of newly admitted patients were collected...
2017: Frontiers in Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164099/the-effectiveness-of-brief-information-and-self-efficacy-based-interventions-in-influencing-snack-choices-in-homeless-individuals
#7
Chris Emmerson, Bev John, Susan Faulkner, Deborah Lancastle, Gareth Roderique-Davies
Background: Homeless adults frequently experience poor nutrition. Research suggests raising self-efficacy and nutritional knowledge can increase healthy eating but that the choice of specific behavioral change techniques (BCTs) is also critical. This study investigated how BCTs, operationalized to increase nutrition knowledge and self-efficacy, might influence the choice of homeless adults when presented with a "healthy" and an "unhealthy" snack. Methods: A total of 125 homeless adults were randomly allocated to watch 1 of 4 brief films: "control," "[nutrition] information only," "self-efficacy" (aimed at increasing self-efficacy and general healthy eating knowledge), and "enhanced self-efficacy" (as "self-efficacy," but the presenter identified themselves as a homeless adult)...
2017: Frontiers in Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29163069/notes-on-the-recent-history-of-neuroscience-in-africa
#8
REVIEW
Vivienne A Russell
Neuroscience began with neuroanatomy and neurosurgery in Egypt more than 5000 years ago. Knowledge grew over time and specialized neurosurgery centers were established in north Africa in the eleventh century. However, it was not until the twentieth century that neuroscience research became established in sub-Saharan Africa. In most African countries, clinical research focused on understanding the rationale and improving treatment of epilepsy, infections, nutritional neuropathies, stroke and tumors. Significant advances were made...
2017: Frontiers in Neuroanatomy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162166/shaping-long-term-primate-development-telomere-length-trajectory-as-an-indicator-of-early-maternal-maltreatment-and-predictor-of-future-physiologic-regulation
#9
Stacy S Drury, Brittany R Howell, Christopher Jones, Kyle Esteves, Elyse Morin, Reid Schlesinger, Jerrold S Meyer, Kate Baker, Mar M Sanchez
The molecular, neurobiological, and physical health impacts of child maltreatment are well established, yet mechanistic pathways remain inadequately defined. Telomere length (TL) decline is an emerging molecular indicator of stress exposure with definitive links to negative health outcomes in maltreated individuals. The multiple confounders endemic to human maltreatment research impede the identification of causal pathways. This study leverages a unique randomized, cross-foster, study design in a naturalistic translational nonhuman primate model of infant maltreatment...
December 2017: Development and Psychopathology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162064/effect-of-exclusive-breastfeeding-on-selected-adverse-health-and-nutritional-outcomes-a-nationally-representative-study
#10
Md Nuruzzaman Khan, M Mofizul Islam
BACKGROUND: Despite growing evidence in support of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) among infants in the first 6 months of birth, the debate over the optimal duration of EBF continues. This study examines the effect of termination of EBF during the first 2, 4 and 6 months of birth on a set of adverse health and nutritional outcomes of infants. METHODS: Three waves of Bangladesh Demographic and Health Survey data were analysed using multivariate regression. The adverse health outcomes were: an episode of diarrhea, fever or acute respiratory infection (ARI) during the 2 weeks prior to the survey...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29162057/translating-a-child-care-based-intervention-for-online-delivery-development-and-randomized-pilot-study-of-go-napsacc
#11
Dianne S Ward, Amber E Vaughn, Stephanie Mazzucca, Regan Burney
BACKGROUND: As part of childhood obesity prevention initiatives, Early Care and Education (ECE) programs are being asked to implement evidence-based strategies that promote healthier eating and physical activity habits in children. Translation of evidence-based interventions into real world ECE settings often encounter barriers, including time constraints, lack of easy-to-use tools, and inflexible intervention content. This study describes translation of an evidence-based program (NAPSACC) into an online format (Go NAPSACC) and a randomized pilot study evaluating its impact on centers' nutrition environments...
November 21, 2017: BMC Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29161611/the-application-of-ion-mobility-mass-spectrometry-to-metabolomics
#12
REVIEW
Xing Zhang, Kevin Quinn, Charmion Cruickshank-Quinn, Richard Reisdorph, Nichole Reisdorph
Mass spectrometry-based metabolomics is being increasingly utilized in various research fields including investigating human diseases, nutrition, industrial applications, and plant/natural products studies. Although new analytical approaches have enhanced the performance of metabolomic analyses, significant challenges associated with throughput, metabolome coverage, and compound identification still exist. Ion mobility mass spectrometry offers great potential for improving throughput and depth of coverage in metabolomics experiments...
November 18, 2017: Current Opinion in Chemical Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159705/isopropyl-quinoxaline-7-carboxylate-1-4-di-n-oxide-derivatives-induce-regulated-necrosis-like-cell-death-on-leishmania-leishmania-mexicana
#13
Karla Fabiola Chacón-Vargas, Sergio Andrade-Ochoa, Benjamín Nogueda-Torres, Dulce Carolina Juárez-Ramírez, Edgar E Lara-Ramírez, Ricardo Mondragón-Flores, Antonio Monge, Gildardo Rivera, Luvia Enid Sánchez-Torres
Leishmaniasis is a neglected tropical disease caused by the parasite of the genus Leishmania. About 13 million people are infected worldwide, and it is estimated that 350 million are at risk of infection. Clinical manifestations depend on the parasite species and factors related to the host such as the immune system, nutrition, housing, and financial resources. Available treatments have severe side effects; therefore, research currently focuses on finding more active and less toxic compounds. Quinoxalines have been described as promising alternatives...
November 20, 2017: Parasitology Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158661/policy-system-and-environmental-correlates-of-fruit-and-vegetable-consumption-in-a-low-income-african-american-population-in-the-southeast
#14
Lori Brand Bateman, LaToya J O'Neal, Theolishia Smith, Yufeng Li, Theresa A Wynn, Chen Dai, Mona N Fouad
Objective: The current study seeks to identify policy, system and environmental (PSE) correlates of fruit and vegetable consumption among a sample of low-income African Americans in two counties in Alabama (Jefferson and Mobile) and one county in Mississippi (Forrest). Design: A modified Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFFS) survey, which included multi-level ecological factors, was used to evaluate nutritional habits at the pre-intervention stage of a multi-state research study...
2017: Ethnicity & Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29158624/plant-growth-under-water-salt-stress-ros-production-antioxidants-and-significance-of-added-potassium-under-such-conditions
#15
Mohammad Abass Ahanger, Nisha Singh Tomar, Megha Tittal, Surendra Argal, R M Agarwal
Plants are confronted with a variety of environmenmtal stresses resulting in enhanced production of ROS. Plants require a threshold level of ROS for vital functions and any change in their concentration alters the entire physiology of plant. Delicate balance of ROS is maintained by an efficient functioning of intriguing indigenous defence system called antioxidant system comprising enzymatic and non enzymatic components. Down regulation of antioxidant system leads to ROS induced oxidative stress causing damage to important cellular structures and hence anomalies in metabolism...
October 2017: Physiology and Molecular Biology of Plants: An International Journal of Functional Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156925/-new-ingredients-in-infant-formula-health-and-functional-benefits
#16
M Cristina De Almagro García, José Antonio Moreno Muñoz, Jesús Jiménez López, María Rodríguez-Palmero Seuma
There is an increasing body of evidence about the effect that early nutrition and lifestyle could have on the programming of later health and disease. Infant formula must cover all the nutritional needs to promote adequate infant growth and development. Currently, important research efforts have been made to supplement infant formulae with new bioactive ingredients with health benefits for the infant. The milk fat globule membrane is one of the new ingredients, which provides phospholipids and gangliosides, as well as bioactive proteins...
October 15, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156647/effects-of-nutritional-interventions-during-pregnancy-on-infant-and-child-cognitive-outcomes-a-systematic-review-and-meta-analysis
#17
REVIEW
Rachael M Taylor, Shanna M Fealy, Alessandra Bisquera, Roger Smith, Clare E Collins, Tiffany-Jane Evans, Alexis J Hure
BACKGROUND: Epidemiological studies have demonstrated that folate, iodine and iron intake during pregnancy impacts on foetal brain development and cognitive function. However, in human studies, the relationship with other dietary nutrients is less clear. OBJECTIVE: This systematic review aims to critically appraise the current literature and meta-analyses results from nutritional interventions during pregnancy that aimed to optimise infant and child cognitive outcomes...
November 20, 2017: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156548/patient-provider-communication-and-counseling-about-gestational-weight-gain-and-physical-activity-a-qualitative-study-of-the-perceptions-and-experiences-of-latinas-pregnant-with-their-first-child
#18
Ana Cristina Lindsay, Sherrie F Wallington, Mary L Greaney, Marcia M Tavares Machado, Gabriela P De Andrade
Latina women in the United States (U.S.) are disproportionately affected by obesity and are more likely to begin pregnancy overweight and gain excessive weight during pregnancy. The prenatal care period represents a window of opportunity for women to access the healthcare system and receive preventive services, education, nutritional support, and other social services to improve pregnancy outcomes. Excessive gestational weight gain (GWG) has numerous negative short- and long-term consequences for both the mother and newborn...
November 18, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29156449/nutrition-in-the-management-of-gastrointestinal-diseases-and-disorders-the-evidence-for-the-low-fodmap-diet
#19
REVIEW
Shanti Eswaran, Jeremy P Farida, Jessica Green, Jesse D Miller, William D Chey
A growing interest from both physicians and patients is fueling research in the interaction of symptoms related to irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) and diet, particularly the low FODMAP diet. Recent studies further define the role of these short-chain fermentable carbohydrates on IBS symptoms and their effects in different parts of the gastrointestinal tract. Mounting evidence supports the use of a low FODMAP diet in the clinical setting, but this dietary approach is not without potential drawbacks. This review illustrates the mechanisms by which the low FODMAP diet leads to improvement in IBS symptoms, summarizes the available clinical evidence, and offers practical advice regarding implementation of this dietary strategy...
November 17, 2017: Current Opinion in Pharmacology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29155861/pancreatic-exocrine-insufficiency-in-patients-with-chronic-heart-failure-and-its-possible-association-with-appetite-loss
#20
Tingting Xia, Xichen Chai, Jiaqing Shen
BACKGROUND: Appetite loss is one complication of chronic heart failure (CHF), and its association with pancreatic exocrine insufficiency (PEI) is not well investigated in CHF. AIM: We attempted to detect the association between PEI and CHF-induced appetite. METHODS: Patients with CHF were enrolled, and body mass index (BMI), left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), New York Heart Association (NYHA) cardiac function grading, B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP), serum albumin, pro-albumin and hemoglobin were evaluated...
2017: PloS One
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