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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790700/early-hypophosphatemia-in-very-low-birth-weight-preterm-infants
#1
REVIEW
Agata Pająk, Barbara Królak-Olejnik, Agnieszka Szafrańska
Refeeding Syndrome (RFS) is a well-known group of symptoms which occur after the introduction of enteral or parenteral nutrition in undernourished patients. Intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) is the equivalent of postnatal RFS following the beginning of feeding. The aggressive parenteral nutrition of neonates with very low birth weight (VLBW) resulting from the termination of intrauterine transplacental nutrition is a source of biochemical disorders. The aim of this study was to analyze metabolic disorders in preterm infants during the 1st week of life and to determine the hypophosphatemia risk factors in low birth weight neonates receiving parenteral nutrition...
May 21, 2018: Advances in Clinical and Experimental Medicine: Official Organ Wroclaw Medical University
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790631/allied-health-clinicians-using-translational-research-in-action-to-develop-a-reliable-stroke-audit-tool
#2
Philip Abery, Suzanne Kuys, Mary Lynch, Nancy Low Choy
OBJECTIVE: To design and establish reliability of a local stroke audit tool by engaging allied health clinicians within a privately funded hospital. METHODS: Design: Two-stage study involving a modified Delphi process to inform stroke audit tool development and inter-tester reliability. PARTICIPANTS: Allied health clinicians. INTERVENTIONS: A modified Delphi process to select stroke guideline recommendations for inclusion in the audit tool...
May 23, 2018: Journal of Evaluation in Clinical Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29790089/red-drum-sciaenops-ocellatus-growth-and-expression-of-bile-salt-dependent-lipase-in-response-to-increasing-dietary-lipid-supplementation
#3
Mayra L González-Félix, Delbert M Gatlin, Martin Perez-Velazquez, Ken Webb, Armando García-Ortega, Michael Hume
Sciaenops ocellatus has a long history in aquaculture and many difficulties associated with its commercial culture have been addressed and successfully resolved; nevertheless, further research in lipid nutrition could address more comprehensive questions on the way these nutrients are utilized. The purpose of this study was to evaluate S. ocellatus growth and lipase gene expression in response to increasing dietary lipid supplementation. Four experimental diets were formulated to provide 3, 10, 16, or 23% lipid using menhaden fish oil...
May 22, 2018: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789878/nuts-as-a-replacement-for-carbohydrates-in-the-diabetic-diet-a-reanalysis-of-a-randomised-controlled-trial
#4
David J A Jenkins, Cyril W C Kendall, Benoît Lamarche, Monica S Banach, Korbua Srichaikul, Edward Vidgen, Sandy Mitchell, Tina Parker, Stephanie Nishi, Balachandran Bashyam, Russell J de Souza, Christopher Ireland, Sathish C Pichika, Joseph Beyene, John L Sievenpiper, Robert G Josse
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS: In line with current advice, we assessed the effect of replacing carbohydrate consumption with mixed nut consumption, as a source of unsaturated fat, on cardiovascular risk factors and HbA1c in type 2 diabetes. The data presented here are from a paper that was retracted at the authors' request ( https://doi.org/10.2337/dc16-rt02 ) owing to lack of adjustment for repeated measures in the same individual. Our aim, therefore, was to fix the error and add new complementary data of interest, including information on clotting factors and LDL particle size...
May 23, 2018: Diabetologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789472/the-impact-of-nutrition-and-health-claims-on-consumer-perceptions-and-portion-size-selection-results-from-a-nationally-representative-survey
#5
Tony Benson, Fiona Lavelle, Tamara Bucher, Amanda McCloat, Elaine Mooney, Bernadette Egan, Clare E Collins, Moira Dean
Nutrition and health claims on foods can help consumers make healthier food choices. However, claims may have a 'halo' effect, influencing consumer perceptions of foods and increasing consumption. Evidence for these effects are typically demonstrated in experiments with small samples, limiting generalisability. The current study aimed to overcome this limitation through the use of a nationally representative survey. In a cross-sectional survey of 1039 adults across the island of Ireland, respondents were presented with three different claims (nutrition claim = "Low in fat"; health claim = "With plant sterols...
May 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789452/circulating-metabolites-associated-with-alcohol-intake-in-the-european-prospective-investigation-into-cancer-and-nutrition-cohort
#6
Eline H van Roekel, Laura Trijsburg, Nada Assi, Marion Carayol, David Achaintre, Neil Murphy, Sabina Rinaldi, Julie A Schmidt, Magdalena Stepien, Rudolf Kaaks, Tilman Kühn, Heiner Boeing, Khalid Iqbal, Domenico Palli, Vittorio Krogh, Rosario Tumino, Fulvio Ricceri, Salvatore Panico, Petra H Peeters, Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita, Eva Ardanaz, Leila Lujan-Barroso, J Ramón Quirós, José M Huerta, Elena Molina-Portillo, Miren Dorronsoro, Konstantinos K Tsilidis, Elio Riboli, Agnetha Linn Rostgaard-Hansen, Anne Tjønneland, Kim Overvad, Elisabete Weiderpass, Marie-Christine Boutron-Ruault, Gianluca Severi, Antonia Trichopoulou, Anna Karakatsani, Anastasia Kotanidou, Anders Håkansson, Johan Malm, Matty P Weijenberg, Marc J Gunter, Mazda Jenab, Mattias Johansson, Ruth C Travis, Augustin Scalbert, Pietro Ferrari
Identifying the metabolites associated with alcohol consumption may provide insights into the metabolic pathways through which alcohol may affect human health. We studied associations of alcohol consumption with circulating concentrations of 123 metabolites among 2974 healthy participants from the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC) study. Alcohol consumption at recruitment was self-reported through dietary questionnaires. Metabolite concentrations were measured by tandem mass spectrometry (BIOCRATES AbsoluteIDQTM p180 kit)...
May 22, 2018: Nutrients
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788706/the-association-between-10-year-atherosclerotic-cardiovascular-diseases-risk-score-calculated-using-2013-american-college-of-cardiology-american-heart-association-guidelines-and-serum-25-hydroxyvitamin-d-level-among-aged-40-79-years-in-korea-the-sixth-korea
#7
Mun Hee Kim, Young Sang Kim, Hye Jin Oh, Yu Ri Kwon, Hye Won Kim
BACKGROUND: We examined the relationship between 10-year predicted atherosclerosis cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk score and 25-hydroxyvitamin D in Koreans aged 40-79 years. METHODS: A population-based, cross-sectional design was used from data based on the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2014. RESULTS: A total of 1,134 healthy Koreans aged 40-79 years were included. A positive relationship between serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D level and ASCVD score was shown in women (β=0...
May 2018: Korean Journal of Family Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788199/influences-of-trace-mineral-nutrition-and-maternal-flock-age-on-broiler-embryo-bone-development
#8
C A Torres, D R Korver
At hatch, the chick skeleton is a miniature of that of the adult bird. The hen deposits calcium, phosphorus, and trace minerals (copper, zinc, and manganese) along with vitamin D into the egg to allow development of the embryonic skeleton. The main source of calcium is the eggshell, whereas phosphorus, trace minerals, and vitamin D are mainly derived from the yolk. Calcium is absorbed from the eggshell and transferred to the embryo and yolk through the chorioallantoic membrane, whereas phosphorus and trace minerals are simultaneously mobilized by the yolk sac membrane...
May 21, 2018: Poultry Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29788095/effects-of-maturity-at-harvest-on-the-nutritive-value-and-ruminal-digestion-of-eragrostis-tef-cv-moxie-when-fed-to-beef-cattle
#9
J R Vinyard, J B Hall, J E Sprinkle, G E Chibisa
Teff (Eragrostis tef cv. Moxie), a warm-season annual grass, could be an excellent forage for beef cattle. However, there is limited information on its nutritive value to cattle when harvested at different stages of maturity. Thus, the objective of this research was to determine the effect of feeding teff hay harvested at the boot (BT), early-heading (EH), or late-heading (LH) stages of maturity on nutrient intake, ruminal fermentation characteristics, omasal nutrient flow, and N utilization in beef cattle...
May 18, 2018: Journal of Animal Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787828/negative-associations-of-frozen-compared-with-fresh-vegetables
#10
Paul M Connell, Stacey R Finkelstein, Maura L Scott, Beth Vallen
Despite convenience and nutrition advantages of frozen vegetables, consumption of them is low compared with fresh vegetables and continues to decrease. In two studies, we observe a negative bias for frozen vegetables compared with fresh vegetables. In study 1, we used an Implicit Association Test (IAT) to demonstrate that generalized negative associations with frozen vegetables are automatic, robust, and ingrained in long-term memory. In study 2, we conceptually replicate this finding with an explicit measure and extend it by examining the role of transforming the food product in formation of the observed negative bias...
May 19, 2018: Appetite
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787700/predictors-of-excess-birth-weight-in-brazil-a-systematic-review
#11
REVIEW
Sandra Ana Czarnobay, Caroline Kroll, Lidiane F Schultz, Juliana Malinovski, Silmara Salete de Barros Silva Mastroeni, Marco Fabio Mastroeni
OBJECTIVE: To describe the main predictors for excess birth weight in Brazilian children. DATA SOURCES: Systematic review carried out in the bibliographic databases: PubMed/MEDLINE, Cochrane, Scopus, Web of Science, and LILACS. The research in the gray literature was performed using the Google Scholar database. The bias risk analysis was adapted from the Downs and Black scale, used to evaluate the methodology of the included studies. DATA SYNTHESIS: Using the classifications of fetal macrosomia (>4000g or ≥4000g) and large for gestational age (above the 90th percentile), 64 risk factors for excess birth weight were found in 33 scientific articles in the five regions of the country...
May 19, 2018: Jornal de Pediatria
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29787291/extrusion-processing-of-raw-food-materials-and-by-products-a-review
#12
Vivian Offiah, Vassilis Kontogiorgos, Kolawole O Falade
Extrusion technology has rapidly transformed the food industry with its numerous advantages over other processing methods. It offers a platform for processing different products from various food groups by modifying minor or major ingredients and processing conditions. Although cereals occupy a large portion of the extruded foods market, several other types of raw materials have been used. Extrusion processing of various food groups, including cereals and pseudo cereals, roots and tubers, pulses and oilseeds, fruits and vegetables, and animal products, as well as structural and nutritional changes in these food matrices are reviewed...
May 22, 2018: Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29786184/-protein-carbamylation-what-it-is-and-why-it-concerns-nephrologists
#13
Emanuele De Simone, Lucia Di Micco, Gaetano La Manna, Biagio Di Iorio
Spontaneous urea dissociation in water solution is a prominent source of protein carbamylation in our body. Protein carbamylation is a well-known phenomenon since early seventies. Some years ago, much interest in the diagnostic power of carbamylated protein arouse. Recently the target of the researches focused on its potential cardiovascular pathogenicity. Some authors claimed that this could be a reason for higher cardiovascular mortality in uremic patients. Nutritional therapy, amino acids supplementation and intensive dialysis regimen are some of the therapeutic tools tested to lower the carbamylation burst in this population...
May 2018: Giornale Italiano di Nefrologia: Organo Ufficiale Della Società Italiana di Nefrologia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29785907/the-fatty-acid-composition-of-estonian-and-latvian-retail-milk-implications-for-human-nutrition-compared-with-a-designer-milk
#14
Merike Henno, Tiia Ariko, Tanel Kaart, Sirje Kuusik, Katri Ling, Marko Kass, Hanno Jaakson, Ragnar Leming, D Ian Givens, Vita Sterna, Meelis Ots
The study reported in this Research Communication compared retail milks' FA profiles from two neighbouring countries, estimated the potential contributions of these milks and a designer milk (achieved by changing the diet of the dairy cow) to the recommended human dietary intake of FA, and predicted (based on the milk FA profile) methane emission from dairy cows. Retail milks in Estonia and Latvia were purchased from supermarkets monthly for one year. To compare the FA composition of retail milk with designer milk with an increased PUFA content, the bulk milk FA profile from a separate field trial was used...
May 2018: Journal of Dairy Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29784967/the-cardiometabolic-burden-of-self-perceived-obesity-a-multilevel-analysis-of-a-nationally-representative-sample-of-korean-adults
#15
Yongjoo Kim, S Bryn Austin, S V Subramanian, Ichiro Kawachi
Emerging evidence has shown that self-perception of overweight/obese status is associated with unfavorable cardiometabolic outcomes, above and beyond actual body weight. Given the lack of research among Asian populations, we examined the association between weight perception and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and cardiometabolic risks among Koreans. Data from the 2010-2015 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, including women (N = 12,181) and men (N = 9,448) aged 19-65 years, were analyzed...
May 21, 2018: Scientific Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783868/low-bone-mineral-density-in-ambulatory-persons-with-cerebral-palsy-a-systematic-review
#16
Cindy T R Mus-Peters, Bionka M A Huisstede, Suzie Noten, Minou W M G C Hitters, Wilma M A van der Slot, Rita J G van den Berg-Emons
PURPOSE: Non-ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy are prone to low bone mineral density. In ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy, bone mineral density deficits are expected to be small or absent, but a consensus conclusion is lacking. In this systematic review bone mineral density in ambulatory persons with cerebral palsy (Gross Motor Function Classification Scales I-III) was studied. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medline, Embase, and Web of Science were searched. According to international guidelines, low bone mineral density was defined as Z-score ≤ -2...
May 22, 2018: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783781/nutraceuticals-in-periodontal-health-a-systematic-review-on-the-role-of-vitamins-in-periodontal-health-maintenance
#17
REVIEW
Alfonso Varela-López, María D Navarro-Hortal, Francesca Giampieri, Pedro Bullón, Maurizio Battino, José L Quiles
Periodontal disease, a relevant public health problem worldwide, is generally considered a common pathology of elderly people. In this respect, there is agreement about that nutritional status may be a modifying factor in the progression and healing of the periodontal tissues. Vitamins have been recommended as nutraceuticals for prevention and treatment of some pathological conditions, such as cardiovascular diseases, obesity or cancer. Thus, a systematic approach to determining how the different vitamin type could ameliorate periodontal risks or improve periodontal health is necessary to further the understanding of the potential benefits and risks of vitamins supplementation use...
May 20, 2018: Molecules: a Journal of Synthetic Chemistry and Natural Product Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783223/-rational-nutrition-as-a-prerequisite-for-eliminating-the-risk-of-overweight-public-opinion-and-practice
#18
Natalia O Ryngach, Marina B Scherbinina, Tatiana M Shevchenko, Victoria M Gladun, Volodymyr I Sarychev
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The awareness of the working-age population regarding the principles of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors of diseases is analyzed. Aim: To identify and characterize the level of awareness of the working-age population regarding the essence of a healthy lifestyle and risk factors (with a focus on irrational nutrition and its consequences). PATIENTS AND METHODS: Materials and methods: In the sociological study (2017), on request of Dnipropetrovsk regional state administration, methods of deep (N20) and personalized formal interviews (N2000) were used according to a specially developed methodology of qualitative and quantitative research stages and data collection tools...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29783220/-the-role-of-social-and-economic-factors-in-the-formation-of-the-somatic-health-level-in-school-aged-children
#19
Veronika K Kozakevych, Larysa S Ziuzina, Liudmyla A Zhuk, Lidiia D Korovina
OBJECTIVE: Introduction: The article is devoted to a relevant problem - the state of health in school-aged children. Almost 90 % of school-aged children have deviations in their health, and over 50 % have poor physical fitness. Therefore, the problem of early diagnosis, detection and correction of pre-nosologic conditions is an effective means of preventing diseases and improving the health of children. The aim: The aim of the research was to examine the state of somatic health of school-aged children in Poltava and to identify the risk factors for its disturbances...
2018: Wiadomości Lekarskie: Organ Polskiego Towarzystwa Lekarskiego
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29782893/quantity-based-analysis-of-household-food-consumption-patterns-and-drivers-the-case-of-israel
#20
Yuval Damari, Meidad Kissinger
The interest in better understanding the characteristics and drivers of food consumption by individuals and social groups has grown in recent years, because of various social, environmental, health and economic issues. Most analyses have focused either on the macro or national scale, using food balance/disappearance data, or on the micro scale, focusing on nutrition analysis in limited groups of individual consumers. While various household characteristics are expected to influence food-purchasing habits, the scope and methodology of most previous studies limited their ability to relate to multiple factors, and integrate all into specific consumption patterns...
May 18, 2018: Appetite
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