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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236014/identification-of-potential-sewer-mining-locations-a-monte-carlo-based-approach
#1
I K Tsoukalas, C K Makropoulos, S N Michas
Rapid urbanization affecting demand patterns, coupled with potential water shortages due to supply side impacts of climatic changes, has led to the emergence of new technologies for water and wastewater reuse. Sewer mining (SM) is a novel decentralized option that could potentially provide non-potable water for urban uses, including for example the irrigation of urban green spaces, providing a mid-scale solution to effective wastewater reuse. SM is based on extracting wastewater from local sewers and treatment at the point of demand and entails in some cases the return of treatment residuals back to the sewer system...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203177/characterisation-analysis-of-expression-and-localisation-of-the-opsin-gene-repertoire-from-the-perspective-of-photoperiodism-in-the-aphid-acyrthosiphon-pisum
#2
Jorge Mariano Collantes-Alegre, Florian Mattenberger, Miquel Barberà, David Martínez-Torres
Organisms exhibit a wide range of seasonal responses as adaptions to predictable annual changes in their environment. These changes are originally caused by the effect of the Earth's cycles around the sun and its axial tilt. Examples of seasonal responses include floration, migration, reproduction and diapause. In temperate climate zones, the most robust variable to predict seasons is the length of the day (i.e. the photoperiod). The first step to trigger photoperiodic driven responses involves measuring the duration of the light-dark phases, but the molecular clockwork performing this task is poorly characterized...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193692/impact-of-african-traditional-worldviews-on-climate-change-adaptation
#3
Edmond Sanganyado, Charles Teta, Busani Masiri
Recent studies showed cultural worldviews are a key determinant of environmental risk perceptions; thus, they could influence climate change adaptation strategies. African traditional worldviews encourage harmony between humans and the environment through a complex metaphysical belief system transmitted through folklore, taboos, and traditional knowledge. However, African traditional worldviews hold a belief in traditional gods that was shown to have a low connectedness to nature and low willingness to change...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193188/spatially-representing-vulnerability-to-extreme-rain-events-using-midwestern-farmers-objective-and-perceived-attributes-of-adaptive-capacity
#4
Maaz Gardezi, J Gordon Arbuckle
Potential climate-change-related impacts to agriculture in the upper Midwest pose serious economic and ecological risks to the U.S. and the global economy. On a local level, farmers are at the forefront of responding to the impacts of climate change. Hence, it is important to understand how farmers and their farm operations may be more or less vulnerable to changes in the climate. A vulnerability index is a tool commonly used by researchers and practitioners to represent the geographical distribution of vulnerability in response to global change...
November 29, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#5
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159932/barriers-to-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-in-northern-european-adults-at-high-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#6
S E Moore, C T McEvoy, L Prior, J Lawton, C C Patterson, F Kee, M Cupples, I S Young, K Appleton, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: Strong evidence links the consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MD) with a reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, there is uncertainty as to whether non-Mediterranean regions will adopt this diet. The present qualitative research aimed to investigate attitudes towards a MD in individuals at high CVD risk in a Northern European population. This information is needed to inform development of MD interventions in non-Mediterranean high-risk populations. METHODS: Focus groups (n = 12) were held with individuals at high CVD risk from Northern Europe (≥2 CVD risk factors, aged ≥50 years, no established CVD/type 2 diabetes)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157274/evaluating-implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-s-strategic-approach-to-strengthening-sexual-and-reproductive-health-policies-and-programs-to-address-unintended-pregnancy-and-unsafe-abortion
#7
Shusmita Rashid, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Joshua P Vogel, Bela Ganatra, Dina N Khan, Radha Sayal, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: We conducted a process evaluation to assess how the World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Approach to strengthening sexual and reproductive health policies and programs ("the SA") was used in 15 countries that requested WHO's technical support in addressing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The SA is a three-stage planning, policy, and program implementation process. We used the social ecological model (SEM) to analyze the contextual factors that influenced SA implementation...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157241/organizational-and-provider-level-factors-in-implementation-of-trauma-informed-care-after-a-city-wide-training-an-explanatory-mixed-methods-assessment
#8
April Joy Damian, Joseph Gallo, Philip Leaf, Tamar Mendelson
BACKGROUND: While there is increasing support for training youth-serving providers in trauma-informed care (TIC) as a means of addressing high prevalence of U.S. childhood trauma, we know little about the effects of TIC training on organizational culture and providers' professional quality of life. This mixed-methods study evaluated changes in organizational- and provider-level factors following participation in a citywide TIC training. METHODS: Government workers and nonprofit professionals (N = 90) who participated in a nine-month citywide TIC training completed a survey before and after the training to assess organizational culture and professional quality of life...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29136643/controversy-matters-impacts-of-topic-and-solution-controversy-on-the-perceived-credibility-of-a-scientist-who-advocates
#9
Lindsey Beall, Teresa A Myers, John E Kotcher, Emily K Vraga, Edward W Maibach
In this article, we focus on the potential influence of a scientist's advocacy position on the public's perceived credibility of scientists as a whole. Further, we examine how the scientist's solution position (information only, non-controversial, and controversial) affects the public's perception of the scientist's motivation for sharing information about specific issues (flu, marijuana, climate change, severe weather). Finally, we assess how perceived motivations mediate the relationship between solution position and credibility...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29134193/snowball-earth-climate-dynamics-and-cryogenian-geology-geobiology
#10
Paul F Hoffman, Dorian S Abbot, Yosef Ashkenazy, Douglas I Benn, Jochen J Brocks, Phoebe A Cohen, Grant M Cox, Jessica R Creveling, Yannick Donnadieu, Douglas H Erwin, Ian J Fairchild, David Ferreira, Jason C Goodman, Galen P Halverson, Malte F Jansen, Guillaume Le Hir, Gordon D Love, Francis A Macdonald, Adam C Maloof, Camille A Partin, Gilles Ramstein, Brian E J Rose, Catherine V Rose, Peter M Sadler, Eli Tziperman, Aiko Voigt, Stephen G Warren
Geological evidence indicates that grounded ice sheets reached sea level at all latitudes during two long-lived Cryogenian (58 and ≥5 My) glaciations. Combined uranium-lead and rhenium-osmium dating suggests that the older (Sturtian) glacial onset and both terminations were globally synchronous. Geochemical data imply that CO2 was 10(2) PAL (present atmospheric level) at the younger termination, consistent with a global ice cover. Sturtian glaciation followed breakup of a tropical supercontinent, and its onset coincided with the equatorial emplacement of a large igneous province...
November 2017: Science Advances
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29117583/identifying-climate-risk-perceptions-information-needs-and-barriers-to-information-exchange-among-public-land-managers
#11
Casey B Peters, Mark W Schwartz, Mark N Lubell
Meeting ecosystem management challenges posed by climate change requires building effective communication channels among researchers, planners and practitioners to focus research on management issues requiring new knowledge. We surveyed resource managers within two regions of the western United States regions to better understand perceived risks and vulnerabilities associated with climate change and barriers to obtaining and using relevant climate science information in making ecosystem management decisions...
November 5, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29112843/modeling-future-water-footprint-of-barley-production-in-alberta-canada-implications-for-water-use-and-yields-to-2064
#12
Mohammad Badrul Masud, Tim McAllister, Marcos R C Cordeiro, Monireh Faramarzi
Despite the perception of being one of the most agriculturally productive regions globally, crop production in Alberta, a western province of Canada, is strongly dependent on highly variable climate and water resources. We developed agro-hydrological models to assess the water footprint (WF) of barley by simulating future crop yield (Y) and consumptive water use (CWU) within the agricultural region of Alberta. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was used to develop rainfed and irrigated barley Y simulation models adapted to sixty-seven and eleven counties, respectively through extensive calibration, validation, sensitivity, and uncertainty analysis...
November 4, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29075283/molecular-basis-of-resistance-to-fusarium-ear-rot-in-maize
#13
REVIEW
Alessandra Lanubile, Valentina Maschietto, Virginia M Borrelli, Lorenzo Stagnati, Antonio F Logrieco, Adriano Marocco
The impact of climate change has been identified as an emerging issue for food security and safety, and the increased incidence of mycotoxin contamination in maize over the last two decades is considered a potential emerging hazard. Disease control by chemical and agronomic approaches is often ineffective and increases the cost of production; for this reason the exploitation of genetic resistance is the most sustainable method for reducing contamination. The review focuses on the significant advances that have been made in the development of transcriptomic, genetic and genomic information for maize, Fusarium verticillioides molds, and their interactions, over recent years...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059702/perceptions-of-risk-and-vulnerability-following-exposure-to-a-major-natural-disaster-the-calgary-flood-of-2013
#14
Alexa Tanner, Joseph Árvai
Many studies have examined the general public's flood risk perceptions in the aftermath of local and regional flooding. However, relatively few studies have focused on large-scale events that affect tens of thousands of people within an urban center. Similarly, in spite of previous research on flood risks, unresolved questions persist regarding the variables that might influence perceptions of risk and vulnerability, along with management preferences. In light of the opportunities presented by these knowledge gaps, the research reported here examined public perceptions of flood risk and vulnerability, and management preferences, within the city of Calgary in the aftermath of extensive flooding in 2013...
October 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29059567/cultural-dimensions-of-risk-perceptions-a-case-study-on-cross-strait-driftage-pollution-in-a-coastal-area-of-taiwan
#15
Yi-Chang Chiang, Han-Pi Chang
Constant exploitations of the ocean render numerous present challenges as the ocean is linked to human development. The study focused on cross-strait driftage pollution that poses a great threat to coastal environment under climate change. Several hundred packs of herbicides drifting across the Taiwan Strait were discovered along the coastline of Guanyin District of Taiwan. We compared risk perceptions of the local ethnic groups, Hakka and Fulao, residing in a coastal area of Taiwan and exposed to the herbicide coastal incident under climate change...
October 20, 2017: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045479/perception-of-climate-change-in-patients-with-chronic-lung-disease
#16
Jeremias Götschke, Pontus Mertsch, Michael Bischof, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Sandhya Matthes, Ellen D Renner, Konrad Schultz, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Hans-Werner Duchna, Jürgen Behr, Jürgen Schmude, Rudolf M Huber, Katrin Milger
BACKGROUND: Climate change affects human health. The respective consequences are predicted to increase in the future. Patients with chronic lung disease are particularly vulnerable to the involved environmental alterations. However, their subjective perception and reactions to these alterations remain unknown. METHODS: In this pilot study, we surveyed 172 adult patients who underwent pulmonary rehabilitation and 832 adult tourists without lung disease in the alpine region about their perception of being affected by climate change and their potential reaction to specific consequences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973820/designing-graphs-that-promote-both-risk-understanding-and-behavior-change
#17
Yasmina Okan, Eric R Stone, Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Graphs show promise for improving communications about different types of risks, including health risks, financial risks, and climate risks. However, graph designs that are effective at meeting one important risk communication goal (promoting risk-avoidant behaviors) can at the same time compromise another key goal (improving risk understanding). We developed and tested simple bar graphs aimed at accomplishing these two goals simultaneously. We manipulated two design features in graphs, namely, whether graphs depicted the number of people affected by a risk and those at risk of harm ("foreground+background") versus only those affected ("foreground-only"), and the presence versus absence of simple numerical labels above bars...
October 3, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958433/a-sociotechnical-systems-approach-to-enhance-safety-climate-in-the-trucking-industry-development-of-a-methodology
#18
Lauren A Murphy, Michelle M Robertson, Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Susan Jeffries, Marvin J Dainoff
The systems approach is increasingly used as a framework within which to examine safety climate. Utilizing a macroergonomics approach to design work systems can help identify aspects of human-technology-organization interfaces that impact workers' perceptions of safety, both positively and negatively. Such an approach also supplements traditional uses of safety climate as a leading indicator of safety and helps expand research toward an approach that can determine problems impacting safety. The purpose of this study was to develop a methodology that extends safety climate beyond just an overall score by using the framework of macroergonomics to examine the entire system in a more comprehensive manner...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948471/impact-of-socio-demographic-factors-on-the-mitigating-actions-for-climate-change-a-path-analysis-with-mediating-effects-of-attitudinal-variables
#19
Muhammad Mehedi Masud, Rulia Akhatr, Shamima Nasrin, Ibrahim Mohammed Adamu
Socio-demographic factors play a significant role in increasing the individual's climate change awareness and in setting a favorable individual attitude towards its mitigation. To better understand how the adversative effects of climate change can be mitigated, this study attempts to investigate the impact of socio-demographic factors on the mitigating actions of the individuals (MAOI) on climate change. Qualitative data were collected from a face-to-face survey of 360 respondents in the Kuala Lumpur region of Malaysia through a close-ended questionnaire...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934379/autotrophic-biorefinery-dawn-of-the-gaseous-carbon-feedstock
#20
Sai Kishore Butti, S Venkata Mohan
CO2 is a resource yet to be effectively utilized in the autotrophic biotechnology, not only to mitigate and moderate the anthropogenic influence on our climate, but also to steer CO2 sequestration for sustainable development and carbon neutral status. The atmospheric CO2 concentration has seen an exponential increase with the turn of the new millennia causing numerous environmental issues and also in a way feedstock crisis. To progressively regulate the growing CO2 concentrations and to incorporate the integration strategies to our existing CO2 capturing tools, all the influencing factors need to be collectively considered...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
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