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climate change perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045479/perception-of-climate-change-in-patients-with-chronic-lung-disease
#1
Jeremias Götschke, Pontus Mertsch, Michael Bischof, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Sandhya Matthes, Ellen D Renner, Konrad Schultz, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Hans-Werner Duchna, Jürgen Behr, Jürgen Schmude, Rudolf M Huber, Katrin Milger
BACKGROUND: Climate change affects human health. The respective consequences are predicted to increase in the future. Patients with chronic lung disease are particularly vulnerable to the involved environmental alterations. However, their subjective perception and reactions to these alterations remain unknown. METHODS: In this pilot study, we surveyed 172 adult patients who underwent pulmonary rehabilitation and 832 adult tourists without lung disease in the alpine region about their perception of being affected by climate change and their potential reaction to specific consequences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973820/designing-graphs-that-promote-both-risk-understanding-and-behavior-change
#2
Yasmina Okan, Eric R Stone, Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Graphs show promise for improving communications about different types of risks, including health risks, financial risks, and climate risks. However, graph designs that are effective at meeting one important risk communication goal (promoting risk-avoidant behaviors) can at the same time compromise another key goal (improving risk understanding). We developed and tested simple bar graphs aimed at accomplishing these two goals simultaneously. We manipulated two design features in graphs, namely, whether graphs depicted the number of people affected by a risk and those at risk of harm ("foreground+background") versus only those affected ("foreground-only"), and the presence versus absence of simple numerical labels above bars...
October 3, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958433/a-sociotechnical-systems-approach-to-enhance-safety-climate-in-the-trucking-industry-development-of-a-methodology
#3
Lauren A Murphy, Michelle M Robertson, Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Susan Jeffries, Marvin J Dainoff
The systems approach is increasingly used as a framework within which to examine safety climate. Utilizing a macroergonomics approach to design work systems can help identify aspects of human-technology-organization interfaces that impact workers' perceptions of safety, both positively and negatively. Such an approach also supplements traditional uses of safety climate as a leading indicator of safety and helps expand research toward an approach that can determine problems impacting safety. The purpose of this study was to develop a methodology that extends safety climate beyond just an overall score by using the framework of macroergonomics to examine the entire system in a more comprehensive manner...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948471/impact-of-socio-demographic-factors-on-the-mitigating-actions-for-climate-change-a-path-analysis-with-mediating-effects-of-attitudinal-variables
#4
Muhammad Mehedi Masud, Rulia Akhatr, Shamima Nasrin, Ibrahim Mohammed Adamu
Socio-demographic factors play a significant role in increasing the individual's climate change awareness and in setting a favorable individual attitude towards its mitigation. To better understand how the adversative effects of climate change can be mitigated, this study attempts to investigate the impact of socio-demographic factors on the mitigating actions of the individuals (MAOI) on climate change. Qualitative data were collected from a face-to-face survey of 360 respondents in the Kuala Lumpur region of Malaysia through a close-ended questionnaire...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934379/autotrophic-biorefinery-dawn-of-the-gaseous-carbon-feedstock
#5
Sai Kishore Butti, S Venkata Mohan
CO2 is a resource yet to be effectively utilized in the autotrophic biotechnology, not only to mitigate and moderate the anthropogenic influence on our climate, but also to steer CO2 sequestration for sustainable development and carbon neutral status. The atmospheric CO2 concentration has seen an exponential increase with the turn of the new millennia causing numerous environmental issues and also in a way feedstock crisis. To progressively regulate the growing CO2 concentrations and to incorporate the integration strategies to our existing CO2 capturing tools, all the influencing factors need to be collectively considered...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28886502/nature-based-solutions-in-the-eu-innovating-with-nature-to-address-social-economic-and-environmental-challenges
#6
Nicolas Faivre, Marco Fritz, Tiago Freitas, Birgit de Boissezon, Sofie Vandewoestijne
Contemporary societies are facing a broad range of challenges, from pressures on human health and well-being to natural capital depletion, and the security of food, water and energy. These challenges are deeply intertwined with global processes, such as climate change and with local events such as natural disasters. The EU's research & innovation (R&I) policy is now seeking to address these challenges from a new perspective, with Nature-Based Solutions, and turn them into innovation opportunities that optimise the synergies between nature, society and the economy...
November 2017: Environmental Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28878797/overexpression-of-hevea-brasiliensis-hbice1-enhances-cold-tolerance-in-arabidopsis
#7
Hong-Mei Yuan, Ying Sheng, Wei-Jie Chen, Yu-Qing Lu, Xiao Tang, Mo Ou-Yang, Xi Huang
Rubber trees (Hevea brasiliensis) were successfully introduced to south China in the 1950s on a large-scale; however, due to the climate, are prone to cold injury during the winter season. Increased cold tolerance is therefore an important goal, yet the mechanism underlying rubber tree responses to cold stress remains unclear. This study carried out functional characterization of HbICE1 (Inducer of CBF Expression 1) from H. brasiliensis. A nucleic protein with typical features of ICEs, HbICE1 was able to bind to MYC recognition sites and had strong transactivation activity...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28826479/temporal-network-analysis-identifies-early-physiological-and-transcriptomic-indicators-of-mild-drought-in-brassica-rapa
#8
Kathleen Greenham, Carmela Rosaria Guadagno, Malia A Gehan, Todd C Mockler, Cynthia Weinig, Brent E Ewers, C Robertson McClung
The dynamics of local climates make development of agricultural strategies challenging. Yield improvement has progressed slowly, especially in drought-prone regions where annual crop production suffers from episodic aridity. Underlying drought responses are circadian and diel control of gene expression that regulate daily variations in metabolic and physiological pathways. To identify transcriptomic changes that occur in the crop Brassica rapa during initial perception of drought, we applied a co-expression network approach to associate rhythmic gene expression changes with physiological responses...
August 18, 2017: ELife
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816471/how-much-will-the-sea-level-rise-outcome-selection-and-subjective-probability-in-climate-change-predictions
#9
Marie Juanchich, Miroslav Sirota
We tested whether people focus on extreme outcomes to predict climate change and assessed the gap between the frequency of the predicted outcome and its perceived probability while controlling for climate change beliefs. We also tested 2 cost-effective interventions to reduce the preference for extreme outcomes and the frequency-probability gap by manipulating the probabilistic format: numerical or dual-verbal-numerical. In 4 experiments, participants read a scenario featuring a distribution of sea level rises, selected a sea rise to complete a prediction (e...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763471/modeling-perceptions-of-climatic-risk-in-crop-production
#10
Evelyn Reinmuth, Phillip Parker, Joachim Aurbacher, Petra Högy, Stephan Dabbert
In agricultural production, land-use decisions are components of economic planning that result in the strategic allocation of fields. Climate variability represents an uncertainty factor in crop production. Considering yield impact, climatic influence is perceived during and evaluated at the end of crop production cycles. In practice, this information is then incorporated into planning for the upcoming season. This process contributes to attitudes toward climate-induced risk in crop production. In the literature, however, the subjective valuation of risk is modeled as a risk attitude toward variations in (monetary) outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755775/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-staff-perceptions-of-organizational-readiness-to-change-and-the-process-of-innovation-adoption-in-substance-misuse-treatment-programs
#11
Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joe Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan
Translating innovation, such as contemporary research evidence, into policy and practice is a challenge, not just in substance misuse treatment programs, but across all spheres of healthcare. Organizational readiness to change (ORC) has been described as a fundamental concept, and an important determinant of the process of innovation adoption. The aim of this review was to describe the relationship between staff perceptions of ORC and the process of innovation adoption: exposure, adoption, implementation and integration into practice, in substance misuse treatment programs...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754017/development-and-validation-of-a-behavioural-index-for-adaptation-to-high-summer-temperatures-among-urban-dwellers
#12
Pierre Valois, Denis Talbot, Maxime Caron, Marie-Pier Carrier, Alexandre J S Morin, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Johann Jacob, Pierre Gosselin
One of the consequences of climate change is the growing number of extreme weather events, including heat waves, which have substantial impacts on the health of populations. From a public health standpoint, it is vital to ensure that people can adapt to high heat, particularly in cities where heat islands abound. Identifying indicators to include in a parsimonious index would help better differentiate individuals who adapt well to heat from those who do not adapt as well. This study aimed at developing and validating a summer heat adaptation index for residents of the 10 largest cities in the province of Québec, Canada...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710809/the-uvb-photoreceptor-uvr8-mediates-accumulation-of-uv-absorbing-pigments-but-not-changes-in-plant-morphology-under-outdoor-conditions
#13
A Coffey, E Prinsen, M A K Jansen, J Conway
UVB radiation is biologically active; in plants, it can induce a range of molecular, biochemical, morphological and developmental responses. Although much progress has been made in elucidating UVB perception and signalling pathways under controlled laboratory conditions, understanding of the adaptive, ecological role of UVB responses is still very limited. In this study, we looked at the functional role of UVR8 under outdoor light conditions, by studying growth, photosynthetic competence and accumulation of UV absorbing pigments in a mutant lacking functional UVR8 protein...
October 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28666078/public-perceptions-of-how-long-air-pollution-and-carbon-dioxide-remain-in-the-atmosphere
#14
Rachel Dryden, M Granger Morgan, Ann Bostrom, Wändi Bruine de Bruin
The atmospheric residence time of carbon dioxide is hundreds of years, many orders of magnitude longer than that of common air pollution, which is typically hours to a few days. However, randomly selected respondents in a mail survey in Allegheny County, PA (N = 119) and in a national survey conducted with MTurk (N = 1,013) judged the two to be identical (in decades), considerably overestimating the residence time of air pollution and drastically underestimating that of carbon dioxide. Moreover, while many respondents believed that action is needed today to avoid climate change (regardless of cause), roughly a quarter held the view that if climate change is real and serious, we will be able to stop it in the future when it happens, just as we did with common air pollution...
June 30, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28646973/parent-involvement-in-beginning-primary-school-correlates-and-changes-in-involvement-across-the-first-two-years-of-school-in-a-new-zealand-sample
#15
Philippa S McDowall, Mele Taumoepeau, Elizabeth Schaughency
This study described the relations of parents' and teachers' beliefs and attitudes to forms of parents' involvement in children's first two years of primary school. Parents of children in their first year of primary school (age 5) were recruited from 12 classrooms within four schools in New Zealand; 196 families participated in their child's first year, and 124 families continued to participate in their child's second school year. Parents completed the Family-Involvement Questionnaire, New Zealand, and we archivally collected parent-documented children's oral reading homework...
June 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28645248/characterizing-the-reproductive-transcriptomic-correlates-of-acute-dehydration-in-males-in-the-desert-adapted-rodent-peromyscus-eremicus
#16
Lauren Kordonowy, Matthew MacManes
BACKGROUND: The understanding of genomic and physiological mechanisms related to how organisms living in extreme environments survive and reproduce is an outstanding question facing evolutionary and organismal biologists. One interesting example of adaptation is related to the survival of mammals in deserts, where extreme water limitation is common. Research on desert rodent adaptations has focused predominantly on adaptations related to surviving dehydration, while potential reproductive physiology adaptations for acute and chronic dehydration have been relatively neglected...
June 23, 2017: BMC Genomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634636/farmers-willingness-to-adopt-conservation-agriculture-new-evidence-from-lebanon
#17
Ali Chalak, Alexandra Irani, Jad Chaaban, Issam Bashour, Karin Seyfert, Kaitlyn Smoot, Gumataw Kifle Abebe
With increasing food insecurity and climate change, conservation agriculture has emerged as a sustainable alternative to intensive conventional agriculture as a source of food supply. Yet the adoption rate of conservation agriculture is still low. Our paper analyses the factors affecting farmers' willingness to adopt conservation agriculture in Lebanon. The findings show that household characteristics-years of farming and farm size affect conservation agriculture adoption. However, household characteristics alone were insufficient to explain conservation agriculture adoption...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626463/cereal-crop-proteomics-systemic-analysis-of-crop-drought-stress-responses-towards-marker-assisted-selection-breeding
#18
REVIEW
Arindam Ghatak, Palak Chaturvedi, Wolfram Weckwerth
Sustainable crop production is the major challenge in the current global climate change scenario. Drought stress is one of the most critical abiotic factors which negatively impact crop productivity. In recent years, knowledge about molecular regulation has been generated to understand drought stress responses. For example, information obtained by transcriptome analysis has enhanced our knowledge and facilitated the identification of candidate genes which can be utilized for plant breeding. On the other hand, it becomes more and more evident that the translational and post-translational machinery plays a major role in stress adaptation, especially for immediate molecular processes during stress adaptation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618174/intraspecific-maternal-competition-induces-summer-diapause-in-insect-parasitoids
#19
Kevin Tougeron, George Hraoui, Cécile Le Lann, Joan van Baaren, Jacques Brodeur
Organisms often live in unpredictable environments and have to adopt life history strategies that optimize their fitness under these conditions. According to bet-hedging theory, individuals can reduce variation in fitness outcomes by investing in different strategies at the same time. For arthropods, facultative summer diapause enables survival during dry and hot periods of the year, and can be triggered by a decrease in resource abundance. However, the effect of resource depletion on diapause induction has never been disentangled from the effect of the perception of the presence of competitors...
June 15, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603558/climate-negotiators-and-scientists-assessments-of-the-climate-negotiations
#20
Astrid Dannenberg, Sonja Zitzelsberger, Alessandro Tavoni
Climate negotiation outcomes are difficult to evaluate objectively because there are no clear reference scenarios. Subjective assessments from those directly involved in the negotiations are particularly important, as this may influence strategy and future negotiation participation. Here we analyze the perceived success of the climate negotiations in a sample of more than 600 experts involved in international climate policy. Respondents were pessimistic when asked for specific assessments of the current approach centered on voluntary pledges, but were more optimistic when asked for general assessments of the outcomes and usefulness of the climate negotiations...
June 2017: Nature Climate Change
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