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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29627535/environmental-and-sustainability-evaluation-of-livestock-waste-management-practices-in-cyprus
#1
Lucía Lijó, Nicola Frison, Francesco Fatone, Sara González-García, Gumersindo Feijoo, Maria Teresa Moreira
The aim of this study was to compare the environmental performance and sustainability of different management options for livestock waste in Cyprus. The two most common practices in the country, i.e. the use of anaerobic lagoons and conventional biogas plants, were compared with the innovative scheme developed in the LiveWaste project (LIFE12 ENV/CY/000544), which aims not only to produce bioenergy, but also to treat the digestate for nutrient recovery and water reuse. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was combined with the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to compare the performance of these alternatives...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29599877/motivational-climate-sport-youth-scale-measurement-invariance-across-gender-and-five-different-sports
#2
Diogo Monteiro, Carla Chicau Borrego, Carlos Silva, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho, Luís Cid
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Motivational Climate Sport Youth Scale (MCSYSp) and invariance across gender and different sports (swimming, soccer, handball, basketball, futsal). A total of 4,569 athletes (3,053 males, 1,516 females) from soccer (1,098), swimming (1,049), basketball (1,754), futsal (340), and handball (328) participated in this study, with ages between 10 and 20 years (M = 15.13; SD = 1.95). The results show that the original model (two factors/12 items) did not adjust to the data in a satisfactory way; therefore, it was necessary to change the model by removing four items (two from each factor)...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29536758/a-multi-level-examination-of-organizational-context-on-adult-probation-officer-attitudes-toward-evidence-based-practice
#3
Jill Viglione
Currently, both researchers and criminal justice agencies recognize the need to consider evidence-based practices (EBPs) as means to provide effective supervision and reduce recidivism rates. Research documents the importance of organizational characteristics in relation to EBP adoption and implementation, including organizational climate, commitment to the organization, and cynicism for change. Using data collected through surveys of 251 probation staff nested within 12 probation agencies in the United States, the current study utilizes Hierarchical Linear Modeling to examine the association of these important organizational characteristics with probation staff reported attitudes toward EBPs...
April 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29521847/perceptions-of-global-warming-among-the-poorest-counties-in-the-southeastern-united-states
#4
Gregory D Kearney, Ronny A Bell
The geographic position and high level of poverty in the southeastern United States are significant risk factors that contribute to the region's high vulnerability to climate change. The goal of this study was to evaluate beliefs and perceptions of global warming among those living in poverty in the poorest counties in the southeastern United States. Results from this project may be used to support public health efforts to increase climate-related messaging to vulnerable and underserved communities. This was an ecological study that analyzed public opinion poll estimates from previously gathered national level survey data (2016)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29516031/survey-datasets-on-women-participation-in-green-jobs-in-the-construction-industry
#5
Adedeji O Afolabi, Rapheal A Ojelabi, Patience F Tunji-Olayeni, Olabosipo I Fagbenle, Timothy O Mosaku
The unique qualities of women can make them bearers of solutions towards achieving sustainability and dealing with the dangers attributed to climate change. The attitudinal study utilized a questionnaire instrument to obtain perception of female construction professionals. By using a well-structured questionnaire, data was obtained on women participating in green jobs in the construction Industry. Descriptive statistics is performed on the collected data and presented in tables and mean scores (MS). In addition, inferential statistics of categorical regression was performed on the data to determine the level of influence (beta factor) the identified barriers had on the level of participation in green jobs...
April 2018: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29499531/rainfall-variability-and-drought-characteristics-in-two-agro-climatic-zones-an-assessment-of-climate-change-challenges-in-africa
#6
Ayansina Ayanlade, Maren Radeny, John F Morton, Tabitha Muchaba
This paper examines drought characteristics as an evidence of climate change in two agro-climatic zones of Nigeria and farmers' climate change perceptions of impacts and adaptation strategies. The results show high spatial and temporal rainfall variability for the stations. Consequently, there are several anomalies in rainfall in recent years but much more in the locations around the Guinea savanna. The inter-station and seasonality statistics reveal less variable and wetter early growing seasons and late growing seasons in the Rainforest zone, and more variable and drier growing seasons in other stations...
February 27, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29477179/understanding-climate-s-influence-on-the-extinction-of-oreopithecus-late-miocene-tusco-sardinian-paleobioprovince-italy
#7
Daniel DeMiguel, Lorenzo Rook
Despite its long history of scientific study, the causes underlying the extinction of the insular hominoid Oreopithecus bambolii are still a matter of ongoing debate. While some authors consider intense tectonism and invading species the cause of its extinction ca. 6.7 Ma, others propose climatic change as the main contributing factor. We rely on long-term patterns of tooth wear and hypsodonty of the Baccinello and Fiume Santo herbivore-faunas to reconstruct changes in habitat prior to, during and after the extinction...
March 2018: Journal of Human Evolution
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29476375/perceived-access-and-parental-monitoring-as-moderators-of-impulsivity-and-marijuana-use-among-adolescents
#8
Amie L Haas, Byron L Zamboanga, Melina Bersamin, Travis Hyke
The social and political climate regarding marijuana use has been changing in the US over the past decade. Research suggests that many adolescents report relatively easy access to marijuana and perceptions that recreational use involves minimal harm despite a growing body of research implicating the deleterious effects of use on cognitive and psychological development. Not surprisingly, prevalence rates have been rising in recent years, making it important to identify risk and protective factors associated with adolescent marijuana use...
February 23, 2018: Journal of Primary Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461334/a-patient-safety-toolkit-for-family-practices
#9
Stephen M Campbell, Brian G Bell, Kate Marsden, Rachel Spencer, Umesh Kadam, Katherine Perryman, Sarah Rodgers, Ian Litchfield, David Reeves, Antony Chuter, Lucy Doos, Ignacio Ricci-Cabello, Paramjit Gill, Aneez Esmail, Sheila Greenfield, Sarah Slight, Karen Middleton, Jane Barnett, Michael Moore, Jose M Valderas, Aziz Sheikh, Anthony J Avery
OBJECTIVE: Major gaps remain in our understanding of primary care patient safety. We describe a toolkit for measuring patient safety in family practices. METHODS: Six tools were used in 46 practices. These tools were as follows: National Health Service Education for Scotland Trigger Tool, National Health Service Education for Scotland Medicines Reconciliation Tool, Primary Care Safequest, Prescribing Safety Indicators, Patient Reported Experiences and Outcomes of Safety in Primary Care, and Concise Safe Systems Checklist...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459727/farming-with-crops-and-rocks-to-address-global-climate-food-and-soil-security
#10
REVIEW
David J Beerling, Jonathan R Leake, Stephen P Long, Julie D Scholes, Jurriaan Ton, Paul N Nelson, Michael Bird, Euripides Kantzas, Lyla L Taylor, Binoy Sarkar, Mike Kelland, Evan DeLucia, Ilsa Kantola, Christoph Müller, Greg Rau, James Hansen
The magnitude of future climate change could be moderated by immediately reducing the amount of CO2 entering the atmosphere as a result of energy generation and by adopting strategies that actively remove CO2 from it. Biogeochemical improvement of soils by adding crushed, fast-reacting silicate rocks to croplands is one such CO2 -removal strategy. This approach has the potential to improve crop production, increase protection from pests and diseases, and restore soil fertility and structure. Managed croplands worldwide are already equipped for frequent rock dust additions to soils, making rapid adoption at scale feasible, and the potential benefits could generate financial incentives for widespread adoption in the agricultural sector...
February 19, 2018: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435339/perceptions-regarding-utilization-of-meteorological-information-in-healthcare-in-korea-a-qualitative-study
#11
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Inbo Oh, Seok Hyeon Yun, Yoo-Keun Kim, Hyunsu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Jiho Lee
Background: Health forecasting has been used in an attempt to provide timely and tailored meteorological information to patients and healthcare providers so that they might take appropriate actions to mitigate health risks and manage healthcare-related needs. This study examined the in-depth perceptions of healthcare providers and the general public regarding the utilization of meteorological information in the healthcare system in Korea. Methods: The COREQ (Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) checklist was applied to this study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426825/patterns-of-island-change-and-persistence-offer-alternate-adaptation-pathways-for-atoll-nations
#12
Paul S Kench, Murray R Ford, Susan D Owen
Sea-level rise and climatic change threaten the existence of atoll nations. Inundation and erosion are expected to render islands uninhabitable over the next century, forcing human migration. Here we present analysis of shoreline change in all 101 islands in the Pacific atoll nation of Tuvalu. Using remotely sensed data, change is analysed over the past four decades, a period when local sea level has risen at twice the global average (~3.90 ± 0.4 mm.yr-1). Results highlight a net increase in land area in Tuvalu of 73...
February 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423694/attitudes-to-climate-change-perceptions-of-disaster-risk-and-mitigation-and-adaptation-behavior-in-yunlin-county-taiwan
#13
Yung-Jaan Lee, Chuan-Ming Tung, Shih-Chien Lin
Issues that are associated with climate change have global importance. Most related studies take a national or regional perspective on the impact of climate change. Taiwan is constrained by its geographical conditions, which increase its vulnerability to climate change, especially in its western coastal areas. The county that is most affected by climate change is Yunlin. In 2013-2014, projects that were sponsored by Taiwan's government analyzed the relationship among synthesized vulnerability, ecological footprint (EF) and adaptation to climate change and proposed 15 categories of synthesized vulnerability and EF values...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423661/health-implications-of-climate-change-a-review-of-the-literature-about-the-perception-of-the-public-and-health-professionals
#14
REVIEW
Julia Hathaway, Edward W Maibach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Through a systematic search of English language peer-reviewed studies, we assess how health professionals and the public, worldwide, perceive the health implications of climate change. RECENT FINDINGS: Among health professionals, perception that climate change is harming health appears to be high, although self-assessed knowledge is low, and perceived need to learn more is high. Among the public, few North Americans can list any health impacts of climate change, or who is at risk, but appear to view climate change as harmful to health...
February 8, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400149/10-year-study-of-christian-church-support-for-domestic-violence-victims-2005-2015
#15
Barbara Zust, Breanna Flicek, Katie Moses, Courtney Schubert, Jessica Timmerman
Religious beliefs play a significant role in the lives of victims of domestic violence. Victims find strength in their faith and would rather endure the violence at all costs to keep a family or a marriage together, than to compromise their faith by leaving. PURPOSE: This 10 -year study explored the climate of support for victims of domestic violence among Christian clergy and church members between 2005 and 2015. METHOD: Using a convenience sample, surveys were sent out to congregations in the Upper Midwest in 2005 and 2015...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398897/perceptions-of-severe-storms-climate-change-ecological-structures-and-resiliency-three-years-post-hurricane-sandy-in-new-jersey
#16
Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld
Global warming is leading to increased frequency and severity of storms that are associated with flooding, increasing the risk to urban, coastal populations. This study examined perceptions of the relationship between severe storms, sea level rise, climate change and ecological barriers by a vulnerable environmental justice population in New Jersey. Patients using New Jersey's Federally Qualified Health Centers were interviewed after Hurricane [Superstorm] Sandy because it is essential to understand the perceptions of uninsured, underinsured, and economically challenged people to better develop a resiliency strategy for the most vulnerable people...
December 2017: Urban Ecosystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390999/organizational-factors-associated-with-readiness-for-change-in-residential-aged-care-settings
#17
Kathryn von Treuer, Gery Karantzas, Marita McCabe, David Mellor, Anastasia Konis, Tanya E Davison, Daniel O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Organizational change is inevitable in any workplace. Previous research has shown that leadership and a number of organizational climate and contextual variables can affect the adoption of change initiatives. The effect of these workplace variables is particularly important in stressful work sectors such as aged care where employees work with challenging older clients who frequently exhibit dementia and depression. METHODS: This study sought to examine the effect of organizational climate and leadership variables on organizational readiness for change across 21 residential aged care facilities...
February 1, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363393/safety-climate-among-nontraditional-workers-in-construction-arguing-for-a-focus-on-construed-external-safety-image
#18
Emily Stiehl, Linda Forst
Safety climate, employees' perceptions of work-related safety, 1 has been promoted as a leading indicator of workplace safety in construction. 2 , 3 While research has primarily examined internal organizational sources (e.g., manager attitudes, formal organizational policies) on these perceptions, external sources of information might be more relevant to construction workers in nontraditional jobs who work for a limited time and/or have limited interaction with other employees. This paper argues for the future development of a construed external safety image scale to measure employees' perceptions about how external groups view their organization's safety...
May 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335771/risk-perception-of-heat-waves-and-its-spatial-variation-in-nanjing-china
#19
Lei Huang, Qianqi Yang, Jie Li, Jin Chen, Ruoying He, Can Zhang, Kai Chen, Steven Guanpeng Dong, Yang Liu
The intensity, frequency, and duration of heat waves are expected to increase with climate change. In this study, we found a significant difference of public perceived effects of heat waves and trust in government among urban, suburban, and rural districts. Rural residents had a significant higher effect perception than urbanites and also showed stronger willingness to have medical insurance or regular physical examinations. Meanwhile, suburban residents had the lowest trust perception in government among these three districts, which may be due to suburban districts' unique social structure and complex social issues...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317413/trends-and-correlates-of-the-public-s-perception-of-healthcare-systems-in-the-european-union-a-multilevel-analysis-of-eurobarometer-survey-data-from-2009-to-2013
#20
AlJohara M AlSaud, Henock B Taddese, Filippos T Filippidis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess trends in public perceptions of health systems in 27 European Union (EU) member states following the financial crisis (2009-2013), in order to discuss observed changes in the context of the financial crisis. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional studies. SETTING: 27 EU countries. PARTICIPANTS: EU citizens aged 15 years and older. METHODS: The study mainly uses the Eurobarometer Social Climate Survey, conducted annually between 2009 and 2013, thereby analysing 116 706 observations...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
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