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climate change perception

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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634636/farmers-willingness-to-adopt-conservation-agriculture-new-evidence-from-lebanon
#1
Ali Chalak, Alexandra Irani, Jad Chaaban, Issam Bashour, Karin Seyfert, Kaitlyn Smoot, Gumataw Kifle Abebe
With increasing food insecurity and climate change, conservation agriculture has emerged as a sustainable alternative to intensive conventional agriculture as a source of food supply. Yet the adoption rate of conservation agriculture is still low. Our paper analyses the factors affecting farmers' willingness to adopt conservation agriculture in Lebanon. The findings show that household characteristics-years of farming and farm size affect conservation agriculture adoption. However, household characteristics alone were insufficient to explain conservation agriculture adoption...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626463/cereal-crop-proteomics-systemic-analysis-of-crop-drought-stress-responses-towards-marker-assisted-selection-breeding
#2
REVIEW
Arindam Ghatak, Palak Chaturvedi, Wolfram Weckwerth
Sustainable crop production is the major challenge in the current global climate change scenario. Drought stress is one of the most critical abiotic factors which negatively impact crop productivity. In recent years, knowledge about molecular regulation has been generated to understand drought stress responses. For example, information obtained by transcriptome analysis has enhanced our knowledge and facilitated the identification of candidate genes which can be utilized for plant breeding. On the other hand, it becomes more and more evident that the translational and post-translational machinery plays a major role in stress adaptation, especially for immediate molecular processes during stress adaptation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618174/intraspecific-maternal-competition-induces-summer-diapause-in-insect-parasitoids
#3
Kevin Tougeron, George Hraoui, Cécile Le Lann, Joan van Baaren, Jacques Brodeur
Organisms often live in unpredictable environments and have to adopt life history strategies that optimize their fitness under these conditions. According to bet-hedging theory, individuals can reduce variation in fitness outcomes by investing in different strategies at the same time. For arthropods, facultative summer diapause enables survival during dry and hot periods of the year, and can be triggered by a decrease in resource abundance. However, the effect of resource depletion on diapause induction has never been disentangled from the effect of the perception of the presence of competitors...
June 15, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603558/climate-negotiators-and-scientists-assessments-of-the-climate-negotiations
#4
Astrid Dannenberg, Sonja Zitzelsberger, Alessandro Tavoni
Climate negotiation outcomes are difficult to evaluate objectively because there are no clear reference scenarios. Subjective assessments from those directly involved in the negotiations are particularly important, as this may influence strategy and future negotiation participation. Here we analyze the perceived success of the climate negotiations in a sample of more than 600 experts involved in international climate policy. Respondents were pessimistic when asked for specific assessments of the current approach centered on voluntary pledges, but were more optimistic when asked for general assessments of the outcomes and usefulness of the climate negotiations...
June 2017: Nature Climate Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601034/a-sequential-model-to-link-contextual-risk-perception-and-public-support-for-flood-adaptation-policy
#5
Wanyun Shao, Siyuan Xian, Ning Lin, Mitchell J Small
The economic damage from coastal flooding has dramatically increased over the past several decades, owing to rapid development in shoreline areas and possible effects of climate change. To respond to these trends, it is imperative for policy makers to understand individuals' support for flood adaptation policy. Using original survey data for all coastal counties of the United States Gulf Coast merged with contextual data on flood risk, this study investigates coastal residents' support for two adaptation policy measures: incentives for relocation and funding for educational programs on emergency planning and evacuation...
June 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574955/safety-culture-in-the-operating-room-variability-among-perioperative-healthcare-workers
#6
Marc Philip T Pimentel, Stephanie Choi, Karen Fiumara, Allen Kachalia, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: Safety culture is defined as the product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies, and patterns of behavior that determine an organization's health and safety management. There is a lack of studies assessing patient safety culture in the perioperative setting. OBJECTIVES: We examined safety culture at a single tertiary care hospital, across all types of surgery, using previously collected data from a validated survey tool...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562260/ten-year-trends-in-bullying-and-related-attitudes-among-4th-to-12-th-graders
#7
Tracy Evian Waasdorp, Elise T Pas, Benjamin Zablotsky, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bullying is a significant public health concern, and it has received considerable attention from the media and policymakers over the past decade, which has led some to believe that it is increasing. However, there are limited surveillance data on bullying to inform our understanding of such trends over the course of multiple years. The current study examined the prevalence of bullying and related behaviors between 2005 and 2014 and explored whether any such changes varied across schools or as a function of school-level covariates...
May 1, 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28559353/the-impact-of-last-glacial-climate-variability-in-west-european-loess-revealed-by-radiocarbon-dating-of-fossil-earthworm-granules
#8
Olivier Moine, Pierre Antoine, Christine Hatté, Amaëlle Landais, Jérôme Mathieu, Charlotte Prud'homme, Denis-Didier Rousseau
The characterization of Last Glacial millennial-timescale warming phases, known as interstadials or Dansgaard-Oeschger events, requires precise chronologies for the study of paleoclimate records. On the European continent, such chronologies are only available for several Last Glacial pollen and rare speleothem archives principally located in the Mediterranean domain. Farther north, in continental lowlands, numerous high-resolution records of loess and paleosols sequences show a consistent environmental response to stadial-interstadial cycles...
June 13, 2017: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28557720/a-family-centered-rounds-checklist-family-engagement-and-patient-safety-a-randomized-trial
#9
Elizabeth D Cox, Gwen C Jacobsohn, Victoria P Rajamanickam, Pascale Carayon, Michelle M Kelly, Tosha B Wetterneck, Paul J Rathouz, Roger L Brown
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Family-centered rounds (FCRs) have become standard of care, despite the limited evaluation of FCRs' benefits or interventions to support high-quality FCR delivery. This work examines the impact of the FCR checklist intervention, a checklist and associated provider training, on performance of FCR elements, family engagement, and patient safety. METHODS: This cluster randomized trial involved 298 families. Two hospital services were randomized to use the checklist; 2 others delivered usual care...
May 2017: Pediatrics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28536730/alexithymia-illness-perception-and-self-management-competency-in-psoriasis
#10
Marie H Larsen, Anne Lene Krogstad, Astrid K Wahl
Alexithymia, defined as difficulty in describing or recognizing emotions, has been shown to be connected with psoriasis, but its relationship with self-management of psoriasis has not been explored. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of alexithymia and its relationship with self-management and illness perception in the context of psoriasis. A total of 163 patients participating in 3 weeks of climate heliotherapy (CHT) at Gran Canaria were assessed for alexithymia using the Toronto Alexithymia Scale (TAS-20) at baseline...
May 24, 2017: Acta Dermato-venereologica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486803/study-of-volatile-compounds-of-virgin-olive-oils-with-frostbitten-olives-sensory-defect
#11
Inmaculada Romero, Diego L García-González, Ramón Aparicio-Ruiz, María T Morales
Freeze injuries in olives are responsible for the 'frostbitten olives' sensory defect that is sometimes detected in virgin olive oil. This defect is becoming one of the most common negative attributes today because climate change has modified weather patterns. The temperature changes can take place abruptly, with rapid freeze-thaw cycles, or gradually. These changes produce significant alterations in the quality of the oils. This study analyzed the volatile composition of virgin olive oils characterized with 'frostbitten olives' defect...
May 31, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448914/reconciling-agriculture-and-stream-restoration-in-europe-a-review-relating-to-the-eu-water-framework-directive
#12
REVIEW
H M Flávio, P Ferreira, N Formigo, J C Svendsen
Agriculture is widespread across the EU and has caused considerable impacts on freshwater ecosystems. To revert the degradation caused to streams and rivers, research and restoration efforts have been developed to recover ecosystem functions and services, with the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) playing a significant role in strengthening the progress. Analysing recent peer-reviewed European literature (2009-2016), this review explores 1) the conflicts and difficulties faced when restoring agriculturally impacted streams, 2) the aspects relevant to effectively reconcile agricultural land uses and healthy riverine ecosystems and 3) the effects and potential shortcomings of the first WFD management cycle...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437850/public-perception-of-uncertainties-within-climate-change-science
#13
Vivianne H M Visschers
Climate change is a complex, multifaceted problem involving various interacting systems and actors. Therefore, the intensities, locations, and timeframes of the consequences of climate change are hard to predict and cause uncertainties. Relatively little is known about how the public perceives this scientific uncertainty and how this relates to their concern about climate change. In this article, an online survey among 306 Swiss people is reported that investigated whether people differentiate between different types of uncertainty in climate change research...
April 24, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371819/the-effects-of-patient-education-on-patient-safety-can-we-change-patient-perceptions-and-attitudes-lessons-from-the-armed-forces-capital-hospital-in-korea
#14
JinOk An, Seung Ju Kim, Sohee Park, Ki Tae Moon, Eun-Cheol Park
Objective: Strategies to promote patient involvement in medical error prevention have been implemented, but little is known about the effects of education on changes in perceptions and attitudes about patients' own safety. Design: We administered a survey to military personnel admitted to the Armed Forces Capital Hospital. Responses were classified according to perception and attitude. Setting: Single military hospital in Korea. Participants: A total of 483 completed surveys were included in our study; 252 of the respondents received safety education at admission...
June 1, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359315/perceptions-of-malaria-control-and-prevention-in-an-era-of-climate-change-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-cdc-staff-in-china
#15
Michael Xiaoliang Tong, Alana Hansen, Scott Hanson-Easey, Scott Cameron, Jianjun Xiang, Qiyong Liu, Xiaobo Liu, Yehuan Sun, Philip Weinstein, Gil-Soo Han, Craig Williams, Peng Bi
BACKGROUND: Though there was the significant decrease in the incidence of malaria in central and southwest China during the 1980s and 1990s, there has been a re-emergence of malaria since 2000. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst the staff of eleven Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in China to gauge their perceptions regarding the impacts of climate change on malaria transmission and its control and prevention. Descriptive analysis was performed to study CDC staff's knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and suggestions for malaria control in the face of climate change...
March 31, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#16
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334453/not-in-my-backyard-ccs-sites-and-public-perception-of-ccs
#17
Carola Braun
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a technology that counteracts climate change by capturing atmospheric emissions of CO2 from human activities, storing them in geological formations underground. However, CCS also involves major risks and side effects, and faces strong public opposition. The whereabouts of 408 potential CCS sites in Germany were released in 2011. Using detailed survey data on the public perception of CCS, this study quantifies how living close to a potential storage site affects the acceptance of CCS...
March 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303619/validation-of-the-practice-environment-scale-to-the-brazilian-culture
#18
Renata C Gasparino, Edinêis de B Guirardello
AIM: To validate the Brazilian version of the Practice Environment Scale. BACKGROUND: The Practice Environment Scale is a tool that evaluates the presence of characteristics that are favourable for professional nursing practice because a better work environment contributes to positive results for patients, professionals and institutions. METHOD: Methodological study including 209 nurses. Validity was assessed via a confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modelling, in which the correlations between the instrument and the following variables were tested: burnout, job satisfaction, safety climate, perception of quality of care and intention to leave the job...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283973/how-hard-they-hit-perception-adaptation-and-public-health-implications-of-heat-waves-in-urban-and-peri-urban-pakistan
#19
Sara Rauf, Khuda Bakhsh, Azhar Abbas, Sarfraz Hassan, Asghar Ali, Harald Kächele
Heat waves threaten human health given the fast changing climatic scenarios in the recent past. Adaptation to heat waves would take place when people perceive their impacts based on their knowledge. The present study examines perception level and its determinants resulting in adaptation to heat waves in Pakistan. The study used cross-sectional data from urban and peri-urban respondents of Faisalabad District. The study employs a health belief model to assess risk perception among the respondents. Logistic model is used to determine factors affecting level of knowledge, perception and adaptation to heat waves...
April 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281829/sensing-the-airs-the-cultural-context-for-breathing-and-breathlessness-in-uruguay
#20
Megan Wainwright
The sensory experience of breathing, particularly the sensation of breathlessness in the case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a rich though understudied topic in medical anthropology. Fieldwork in Uruguay made it clear to me that to study the sensorial experience of breathlessness, I would also have to study the widely shared cultural conceptualizations and practices surrounding air, breath, and health. In this article, I illustrate ethnographically how the experience of breathing and breathlessness is closely tied to perceptions of air outside the body - in particular humidity, temperature change, wind, and contamination...
May 2017: Medical Anthropology
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