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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435339/perceptions-regarding-utilization-of-meteorological-information-in-healthcare-in-korea-a-qualitative-study
#1
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Inbo Oh, Seok Hyeon Yun, Yoo-Keun Kim, Hyunsu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Jiho Lee
Background: Health forecasting has been used in an attempt to provide timely and tailored meteorological information to patients and healthcare providers so that they might take appropriate actions to mitigate health risks and manage healthcare-related needs. This study examined the in-depth perceptions of healthcare providers and the general public regarding the utilization of meteorological information in the healthcare system in Korea. Methods: The COREQ (Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) checklist was applied to this study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426825/patterns-of-island-change-and-persistence-offer-alternate-adaptation-pathways-for-atoll-nations
#2
Paul S Kench, Murray R Ford, Susan D Owen
Sea-level rise and climatic change threaten the existence of atoll nations. Inundation and erosion are expected to render islands uninhabitable over the next century, forcing human migration. Here we present analysis of shoreline change in all 101 islands in the Pacific atoll nation of Tuvalu. Using remotely sensed data, change is analysed over the past four decades, a period when local sea level has risen at twice the global average (~3.90 ± 0.4 mm.yr-1). Results highlight a net increase in land area in Tuvalu of 73...
February 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423694/attitudes-to-climate-change-perceptions-of-disaster-risk-and-mitigation-and-adaptation-behavior-in-yunlin-county-taiwan
#3
Yung-Jaan Lee, Chuan-Ming Tung, Shih-Chien Lin
Issues that are associated with climate change have global importance. Most related studies take a national or regional perspective on the impact of climate change. Taiwan is constrained by its geographical conditions, which increase its vulnerability to climate change, especially in its western coastal areas. The county that is most affected by climate change is Yunlin. In 2013-2014, projects that were sponsored by Taiwan's government analyzed the relationship among synthesized vulnerability, ecological footprint (EF) and adaptation to climate change and proposed 15 categories of synthesized vulnerability and EF values...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423661/health-implications-of-climate-change-a-review-of-the-literature-about-the-perception-of-the-public-and-health-professionals
#4
REVIEW
Julia Hathaway, Edward W Maibach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Through a systematic search of English language peer-reviewed studies, we assess how health professionals and the public, worldwide, perceive the health implications of climate change. RECENT FINDINGS: Among health professionals, perception that climate change is harming health appears to be high, although self-assessed knowledge is low, and perceived need to learn more is high. Among the public, few North Americans can list any health impacts of climate change, or who is at risk, but appear to view climate change as harmful to health...
February 8, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400149/10-year-study-of-christian-church-support-for-domestic-violence-victims-2005-2015
#5
Barbara Zust, Breanna Flicek, Katie Moses, Courtney Schubert, Jessica Timmerman
Religious beliefs play a significant role in the lives of victims of domestic violence. Victims find strength in their faith and would rather endure the violence at all costs to keep a family or a marriage together, than to compromise their faith by leaving. PURPOSE: This 10 -year study explored the climate of support for victims of domestic violence among Christian clergy and church members between 2005 and 2015. METHOD: Using a convenience sample, surveys were sent out to congregations in the Upper Midwest in 2005 and 2015...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398897/perceptions-of-severe-storms-climate-change-ecological-structures-and-resiliency-three-years-post-hurricane-sandy-in-new-jersey
#6
Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld
Global warming is leading to increased frequency and severity of storms that are associated with flooding, increasing the risk to urban, coastal populations. This study examined perceptions of the relationship between severe storms, sea level rise, climate change and ecological barriers by a vulnerable environmental justice population in New Jersey. Patients using New Jersey's Federally Qualified Health Centers were interviewed after Hurricane [Superstorm] Sandy because it is essential to understand the perceptions of uninsured, underinsured, and economically challenged people to better develop a resiliency strategy for the most vulnerable people...
December 2017: Urban Ecosystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390999/organizational-factors-associated-with-readiness-for-change-in-residential-aged-care-settings
#7
Kathryn von Treuer, Gery Karantzas, Marita McCabe, David Mellor, Anastasia Konis, Tanya E Davison, Daniel O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Organizational change is inevitable in any workplace. Previous research has shown that leadership and a number of organizational climate and contextual variables can affect the adoption of change initiatives. The effect of these workplace variables is particularly important in stressful work sectors such as aged care where employees work with challenging older clients who frequently exhibit dementia and depression. METHODS: This study sought to examine the effect of organizational climate and leadership variables on organizational readiness for change across 21 residential aged care facilities...
February 1, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363393/safety-climate-among-nontraditional-workers-in-construction-arguing-for-a-focus-on-construed-external-safety-image
#8
Emily Stiehl, Linda Forst
Safety climate, employees' perceptions of work-related safety, 1 has been promoted as a leading indicator of workplace safety in construction. 2 , 3 While research has primarily examined internal organizational sources (e.g., manager attitudes, formal organizational policies) on these perceptions, external sources of information might be more relevant to construction workers in nontraditional jobs who work for a limited time and/or have limited interaction with other employees. This paper argues for the future development of a construed external safety image scale to measure employees' perceptions about how external groups view their organization's safety...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335771/risk-perception-of-heat-waves-and-its-spatial-variation-in-nanjing-china
#9
Lei Huang, Qianqi Yang, Jie Li, Jin Chen, Ruoying He, Can Zhang, Kai Chen, Steven Guanpeng Dong, Yang Liu
The intensity, frequency, and duration of heat waves are expected to increase with climate change. In this study, we found a significant difference of public perceived effects of heat waves and trust in government among urban, suburban, and rural districts. Rural residents had a significant higher effect perception than urbanites and also showed stronger willingness to have medical insurance or regular physical examinations. Meanwhile, suburban residents had the lowest trust perception in government among these three districts, which may be due to suburban districts' unique social structure and complex social issues...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29317413/trends-and-correlates-of-the-public-s-perception-of-healthcare-systems-in-the-european-union-a-multilevel-analysis-of-eurobarometer-survey-data-from-2009-to-2013
#10
AlJohara M AlSaud, Henock B Taddese, Filippos T Filippidis
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study is to assess trends in public perceptions of health systems in 27 European Union (EU) member states following the financial crisis (2009-2013), in order to discuss observed changes in the context of the financial crisis. DESIGN: Repeated cross-sectional studies. SETTING: 27 EU countries. PARTICIPANTS: EU citizens aged 15 years and older. METHODS: The study mainly uses the Eurobarometer Social Climate Survey, conducted annually between 2009 and 2013, thereby analysing 116 706 observations...
January 8, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29316685/climate-change-risk-perception-in-taiwan-correlation-with-individual-and-societal-factors
#11
Yingying Sun, Ziqiang Han
This study differentiates the risk perception and influencing factors of climate change along the dimensions of global severity and personal threat. Using the 2013 Taiwan Social Change Survey (TSGS) data (N = 2001) as a representative sample of adults from Taiwan, we investigated the influencing factors of the risk perceptions of climate change in these two dimensions (global severity and personal threat). Logistic regression models were used to examine the correlations of individual factors (gender, age, education, climate-related disaster experience and risk awareness, marital status, employment status, household income, and perceived social status) and societal factors (religion, organizational embeddedness, and political affiliations) with the above two dimensions...
January 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29306145/the-stimuli-actions-effects-responses-saer-framework-for-exploring-perceived-relationships-between-private-and-public-climate-change-adaptation-in-agriculture
#12
Hermine Mitter, Martin Schönhart, Manuela Larcher, Erwin Schmid
Empirical findings on actors' roles and responsibilities in the climate change adaptation process are rare even though cooperation between private and public actors is perceived important to foster adaptation in agriculture. We therefore developed the framework SAER (Stimuli-Actions-Effects-Responses) to investigate perceived relationships between private and public climate change adaptation in agriculture at regional scale. In particular, we explore agricultural experts' perceptions on (i) climatic and non-climatic factors stimulating private adaptation, (ii) farm adaption actions, (iii) potential on-farm and off-farm effects from adaptation, and (iv) the relationships between private and public adaptation...
January 3, 2018: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29236014/identification-of-potential-sewer-mining-locations-a-monte-carlo-based-approach
#13
I K Tsoukalas, C K Makropoulos, S N Michas
Rapid urbanization affecting demand patterns, coupled with potential water shortages due to supply side impacts of climatic changes, has led to the emergence of new technologies for water and wastewater reuse. Sewer mining (SM) is a novel decentralized option that could potentially provide non-potable water for urban uses, including for example the irrigation of urban green spaces, providing a mid-scale solution to effective wastewater reuse. SM is based on extracting wastewater from local sewers and treatment at the point of demand and entails in some cases the return of treatment residuals back to the sewer system...
December 2017: Water Science and Technology: a Journal of the International Association on Water Pollution Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29203177/characterisation-analysis-of-expression-and-localisation-of-the-opsin-gene-repertoire-from-the-perspective-of-photoperiodism-in-the-aphid-acyrthosiphon-pisum
#14
Jorge Mariano Collantes-Alegre, Florian Mattenberger, Miquel Barberà, David Martínez-Torres
Organisms exhibit a wide range of seasonal responses as adaptions to predictable annual changes in their environment. These changes are originally caused by the effect of the Earth's cycles around the sun and its axial tilt. Examples of seasonal responses include floration, migration, reproduction and diapause. In temperate climate zones, the most robust variable to predict seasons is the length of the day (i.e. the photoperiod). The first step to trigger photoperiodic driven responses involves measuring the duration of the light-dark phases, but the molecular clockwork performing this task is poorly characterized...
December 1, 2017: Journal of Insect Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193692/impact-of-african-traditional-worldviews-on-climate-change-adaptation
#15
Edmond Sanganyado, Charles Teta, Busani Masiri
Recent studies showed cultural worldviews are a key determinant of environmental risk perceptions; thus, they could influence climate change adaptation strategies. African traditional worldviews encourage harmony between humans and the environment through a complex metaphysical belief system transmitted through folklore, taboos, and traditional knowledge. However, African traditional worldviews hold a belief in traditional gods that was shown to have a low connectedness to nature and low willingness to change...
November 29, 2017: Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29193188/spatially-representing-vulnerability-to-extreme-rain-events-using-midwestern-farmers-objective-and-perceived-attributes-of-adaptive-capacity
#16
Maaz Gardezi, J Gordon Arbuckle
Potential climate-change-related impacts to agriculture in the upper Midwest pose serious economic and ecological risks to the U.S. and the global economy. On a local level, farmers are at the forefront of responding to the impacts of climate change. Hence, it is important to understand how farmers and their farm operations may be more or less vulnerable to changes in the climate. A vulnerability index is a tool commonly used by researchers and practitioners to represent the geographical distribution of vulnerability in response to global change...
November 29, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29164725/a-scoping-review-of-environmental-health-nursing-research
#17
Barbara J Polivka, Rosemary V Chaudry
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this scoping review was to determine the extent and focus of published environmental health nursing research. DESIGN AND SAMPLE: The search was limited to peer reviewed, English-language environmental health nursing research with at least one nursing author, published between 1995 and 2015 in a nursing journal, and catalogued in CINAHL. RESULTS: Publication of the 548 identified articles occurred in 118 different nursing journals...
November 22, 2017: Public Health Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29159932/barriers-to-adopting-a-mediterranean-diet-in-northern-european-adults-at-high-risk-of-developing-cardiovascular-disease
#18
S E Moore, C T McEvoy, L Prior, J Lawton, C C Patterson, F Kee, M Cupples, I S Young, K Appleton, M C McKinley, J V Woodside
BACKGROUND: Strong evidence links the consumption of a Mediterranean diet (MD) with a reduced cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk; however, there is uncertainty as to whether non-Mediterranean regions will adopt this diet. The present qualitative research aimed to investigate attitudes towards a MD in individuals at high CVD risk in a Northern European population. This information is needed to inform development of MD interventions in non-Mediterranean high-risk populations. METHODS: Focus groups (n = 12) were held with individuals at high CVD risk from Northern Europe (≥2 CVD risk factors, aged ≥50 years, no established CVD/type 2 diabetes)...
November 21, 2017: Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics: the Official Journal of the British Dietetic Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157274/evaluating-implementation-of-the-world-health-organization-s-strategic-approach-to-strengthening-sexual-and-reproductive-health-policies-and-programs-to-address-unintended-pregnancy-and-unsafe-abortion
#19
Shusmita Rashid, Julia E Moore, Caitlyn Timmings, Joshua P Vogel, Bela Ganatra, Dina N Khan, Radha Sayal, A Metin Gülmezoglu, Sharon E Straus
BACKGROUND: We conducted a process evaluation to assess how the World Health Organization's (WHO) Strategic Approach to strengthening sexual and reproductive health policies and programs ("the SA") was used in 15 countries that requested WHO's technical support in addressing unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion. The SA is a three-stage planning, policy, and program implementation process. We used the social ecological model (SEM) to analyze the contextual factors that influenced SA implementation...
November 21, 2017: Reproductive Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29157241/organizational-and-provider-level-factors-in-implementation-of-trauma-informed-care-after-a-city-wide-training-an-explanatory-mixed-methods-assessment
#20
April Joy Damian, Joseph Gallo, Philip Leaf, Tamar Mendelson
BACKGROUND: While there is increasing support for training youth-serving providers in trauma-informed care (TIC) as a means of addressing high prevalence of U.S. childhood trauma, we know little about the effects of TIC training on organizational culture and providers' professional quality of life. This mixed-methods study evaluated changes in organizational- and provider-level factors following participation in a citywide TIC training. METHODS: Government workers and nonprofit professionals (N = 90) who participated in a nine-month citywide TIC training completed a survey before and after the training to assess organizational culture and professional quality of life...
November 21, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
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