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Endoanal ultrasound

Mehrsa Jalalizadeh, S Abbas Shobeiri
Male-to-female gender reassignment surgery may lead to unsatisfactory vaginal length. No standard approaches are established to treat these patients. We present a case of vaginoplasty using the laparoscopic Davydov technique performed on a male-to-female transgender patient. Our case provides a novel approach to treating this rare condition and introduces Davydov procedure as a potentially effective and safe treatment. Preoperative endovaginal and endoanal 3-dimensional ultrasounds and a pelvic magnetic resonance imaging of the case are presented to provide details of this patient's unique anatomy...
February 15, 2018: Female Pelvic Medicine & Reconstructive Surgery
Chiara Eberspacher, D Mascagni, L Fralleone, G Grimaldi, P Antypas, P Mascagni, A Maturo, F M Di Matteo, S Pontone, D Pironi
AIM: Anal fistula is a common disease originated from abscess according the cryptoglandular theory. A rare etiology is the pilonidal disease. In our case we observed a pilonidal disease mimicking an anterior perianal fistula, associated with another posterior anal fistula. CASE PRESENTATION: A 36-year old man was referred to our department with an anal fistula with an anterior opening. Despite the clinical examination and the endoanal ultrasound, only during the surgery we discovered the origin of the anterior fistula from a misdiagnosed pilonidal sinus...
November 2017: Il Giornale di Chirurgia
Arjun N Jeganathan, Jeremy W Cannon, Joshua I S Bleier
With increased use of explosive devices in warfare, anal trauma is often seen coupled with more complex pelviperineal injury. While the associated mortality is high, casualties that survive are often left with disabling fecal incontinence from damage to the anosphincteric complex. After resolution of the acute insult, the initial evaluation mandates a thorough physical exam, including endoscopic evaluation with rigid proctoscopy and flexible sigmoidoscopy, as well as adjunctive testing, specifically anal manometry and endoanal ultrasound...
January 2018: Clinics in Colon and Rectal Surgery
Filippo Pucciani
The primary endpoint of this work was to understand the pathophysiology of fecal incontinence manifested after rectal and anal surgery. A retrospective cohort study with negative colonoscopy patients was created and 169 postoperative incontinent patients were analyzed (114 women and 55 men: mean age 58.9 ± 6.3): clinical evaluation, endoanal ultrasound and anorectal manometry reports were scanned. The duration of incontinence was very long, with a mean of 21.7 months. The mean number of bowel movements/week was 18...
December 30, 2017: Updates in Surgery
Süleyman Kargın, Sami Çifçi, Adnan Kaynak, Hüseyin Ataseven, Cengiz Kadıyoran, Murat Çakır
OBJECTIVE: Obstetric anal sphincter injuries are one of the most significant complications of vaginal delivery that give way to fecal incontinence, which is defined as the involuntary leakage of gas, fluid or solid stool. Although sphincter injuries are seen in 0.5-9% of all deliveries. It has been reported that 20-41% of women who had vaginal deliveries had occult anal sphincter injuries as endoanal ultrasonography began to be used by physicians. The aim of our study was to investigate the relationship between fecal incontinence, whose incidence increases dramatically during the postmenopausal stage, and occult anal sphincter injuries...
March 2017: Turkish Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Matthias Sauter, Stephan R Vavricka, Georg Keilholz, Henriette Heinrich, Thomas Winder, Helmut Kranzbühler, Norbert Lombriser, Benjamin Misselwitz
BACKGROUND: Surveillance after radiochemotherapy of anal carcinoma (ACa) with curative intent is recommended in guidelines, but data regarding the effectiveness of follow-up are lacking. We aimed to assess the performance of an ACa surveillance program in a real-life setting. METHODS: We retrospectively summarized clinical history, physical findings, and follow-up investigations (endoanal ultrasound, endoscopy, CT scan) obtained during 42 months (±27 months) from 80 patients after radiochemotherapy of ACa...
August 2017: Strahlentherapie und Onkologie: Organ der Deutschen Röntgengesellschaft ... [et Al]
Andreia Albuquerque, Guilherme Macedo
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate anal sphincter abnormalities detected by endoanal ultrasound in obstructed defecation due to rectocele and rectal intussusception. METHODS: The retrospective analysis includes 45 patients with obstructed defecation syndrome due to rectocele and/or rectal intussusception with or without fecal incontinence, and submitted to endoanal ultrasound. RESULTS: Ninety-three percent (n = 42) were women (mean age of 63 ± 12 years), and 47% (n = 21) of the patients had fecal incontinence...
June 26, 2017: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Ya-Hong Xue, Shu-Qing Ding, Yi-Jiang Ding, Li-Qun Pan
AIM: To assess the role of three-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) for morphological assessment of the anal sphincter of female patients with chronic proctalgia (CP). METHODS: In this unmatched case control study, 30 consecutive female patients with CP and 25 normal women (control group) were enrolled. 3D-EAUS was performed in all subjects. Thickness and length of internal anal sphincter (IAS), thickness of puborectalis muscle (PR), length of the external anal sphincter (EAS) plus PR, and puborectalis angle were measured and compared between the two groups...
June 7, 2017: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Kristina Drusany Staric, Adolf Lukanovic, Petra Petrocnik, Vita Zacesta, Corrado Cescon, Miha Lucovnik
OBJECTIVE: to examine potential association between mediolateral episiotomy and reduced incidence of obstetrical anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) diagnosed by endoanal ultrasound. DESIGN: prospective cohort study. SETTING: tertiary referral university hospital. PARTICIPANTS: sixty nulliparous women at 28-33 weeks of gestation with singleton pregnancies were included between 2010 and 2012. MEASUREMENTS AND FINDINGS: participants were examined with endoanal ultrasound at 28-33 weeks gestation and at 6-7 weeks post-partum...
May 18, 2017: Midwifery
Lisa Ramage, Clarence Yen, Shengyang Qiu, Constantinos Simillis, Christos Kontovounisios, Paris Tekkis, Emile Tan
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim of this study was to compare functional and quality of life data in patients with increasing grades of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) presenting to a tertiary colorectal pelvic floor clinic within 24 months of delivery. METHODS: Prospective data were collected from the patients for the period 2009-2016 and included data on functional outcomes and motor anorectal manometry parameters. The instruments used for the evaluation of functional outcomes were the Birmingham Bowel and Urinary Symptoms Questionnaire, the Wexner Incontinence Score, Short Form 36, and the Pelvic Organ Prolapse/Urinary Incontinence Sexual Questionnaire...
November 2017: International Urogynecology Journal
Cristina Bezzio, Robert V Bryant, Gianpiero Manes, Giovanni Maconi, Simone Saibeni
perianal disease, most commonly manifest as fistula or abscess formation, affects up to 40% of patients with crohn's disease. perianal crohn's disease is disabling, associated with poor outcomes, and represents a therapeutic challenge for physicians. correct diagnosis and classification of perianal disease is the first crucial step for appropriate multidisciplinary management. Areas covered: A literature search was performed of the PubMed database using the terms 'transperineal ultrasonography', 'transperineal ultrasound', 'perianal disease', 'perianal fistula', 'perianal abscess', 'magnetic resonance', 'endoanal ultrasonography', 'endoscopic ultrasound' in combination with 'Crohn's disease'...
June 2017: Expert Review of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
Marco Frascio, Cesare Stabilini, Marco Casaccia, Tommaso Testa, Rosario Fornaro, Maria Caterina Parodi, Ciro Marrone, Ezio Gianetta, Francesca Mandolfino
INTRODUCTION: Radiofrequency is a treatment option for patients suffering from fecal incontinence. OBJECTIVE: To assess the one-year follow-up results following the radiofrequency procedure for fecal incontinence. DESIGN: Prospective, single-center, observational study. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twenty-one patients underwent the SECCA® radiofrequency procedure, 19 of who completed the one-year of follow-up (Cleveland Clinic Florida Fecal Incontinence score, Fecal Incontinence Quality of Life Scale (FIQoL), anorectal manometry, and endoanal ultrasound)...
March 9, 2017: Surgical Technology International
F Mion, A Garros, C Brochard, V Vitton, A Ropert, M Bouvier, H Damon, L Siproudhis, S Roman
BACKGROUND: 3D-high definition anorectal manometry (3DARM) may aid the diagnosis of functional anorectal disorders, but data comparing asymptomatic and symptomatic subjects are scarce. We aimed to describe 3DARM values in asymptomatic volunteers and those with fecal incontinence (FI) or chronic constipation (CC), and identify which variables differentiate best these groups. METHODS: Asymptomatic subjects were stratified by sex, age, and parity. Those with FI or CC were included according to anorectal symptom questionnaires...
August 2017: Neurogastroenterology and Motility: the Official Journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society
G Luglio, M C Giglio, A Rispo, N Imperatore, V Sollazzo, R Peltrini, M Sacco, F Castiglione, G D De Palma, L Bucci
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 1, 2017: Journal of Crohn's & Colitis
Alfonso Reginelli, Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Francesco Granata, Daniela Rega, Luca Roberto, Gianluca Pellino, Antonio Rotondo, Francesco Selvaggi, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo, Roberto Grassi
We compared Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) and 3D Endoanal Ultrasound (EAUS) imaging performance to confirm anal carcinoma and to monitor treatment response.58 patients with anal cancer were retrospectively enrolled. All patients underwent clinical examination, anoscopic examination; EAUS and contrast-enhanced MRI study before and after treatment. Four radiologists evaluated the presence of lesions, using a 4-point confidence scale, features of the lesion and nodes on EAUS images, T1-weighted (T1-W), T2-weighted (T2-W) and diffusion-weighted images (DWI) signal intensity (SI), the apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) map for nodes and lesion, as well as enhancement pattern during dynamic MRI were assessed...
April 4, 2017: Oncotarget
F de la Portilla, M L Reyes-Díaz, M V Maestre, R M Jiménez-Rodríguez, A M García-Cabrera, J M Vázquez-Monchul, J M Díaz-Pavón, F C Padillo-Ruiz
BACKGROUND: Faecal incontinence (FI) is both a medical and social problem, with an underestimated incidence. For patients with internal anal sphincter damage, implantation of biomaterial in the anal canal is a recognised treatment option. One such material, Gatekeeper™, has previously shown promising short- and medium-term results without any major complications, including displacement. The main aim of the present study is to assess the degree to which displacement of Gatekeeper prostheses may occur and to determine whether this is associated with patient outcomes...
March 2017: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Mohamed Azzaza, Houssem Ammar, Nihed Abdessayed, Rahul Gupta, Mohamed Said Nakhli, Amine Chhaider, Nafis Abdennaceur, Ali Ben Ali
INTRODUCTION: Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GIST) are tumors of mesenchymal origin commonly detected in stomach and small bowel. GIST arising primarily from the anal canal is extremely rare. Due to the malignant potential, these tumors are treated with radical surgery like abdominoperineal resection. But with the advent of imatinib therapy and a better understanding of the tumor biology, some cases have been successfully treated with wide local excision. PRESENTATION OF CASE: We describe a case of a 70-year-old lady presenting with a 2cm mass in the anal canal...
2017: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Gaetano Gallo, Giuseppe Clerico, Roberta Tutino, Emilia De Luca, Alberto Realis Luc, Mario Trompetto
AIM: Defecography is the standard diagnostic technique for the diagnosis of functional disorders of the posterior pelvic compartment. However it has some limits as radiation exposure, low-contrast resolution, some degrees of embarrassment and discomfort for the patients. Furthermore it often fails to directly visualize the changes that affect the pararectal space. Here we present a never described case of rectal perforation after defecography with barium impaction removed by TEM (Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery)...
November 28, 2016: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Michał Bogusiewicz
The role of ultrasound imaging in urogynecology is not clearly defined. Despite significant developments in visualization techniques and interpretation of images, pelvic ultrasound is still more a tool for research than for clinical practice. Structures of the lower genitourinary tract and pelvic floor can be visualized from different approaches: transperineal, introital, transvaginal, abdominal or endoanal. According to contemporary guidelines and recommendations, the role of ultrasound in urogynecology is limited to the measurement of post-void residue...
November 2016: Przeglad Menopauzalny, Menopause Review
M Kołodziejczak, G A Santoro, A Obcowska, Z Lorenc, M Mańczak, I Sudoł-Szopińska
AIM: Surgical treatment of high anal fistulas is associated with the potential risk of faecal incontinence and recurrence. The primary aim of this study was to determine the accuracy of three-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) in the assessment of height and type of anal fistulas, compared to the intra-operative findings (gold standard). The secondary aim was to evaluate the inter-observer reproducibility of 3D-EAUS. METHOD: The study design was a prospective analysis of retrospective data...
April 2017: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
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