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Endoanal ultrasound

Vincenza Granata, Roberta Fusco, Alfonso Reginelli, Luca Roberto, Francesco Granata, Daniela Rega, Antonio Rotondo, Roberto Grassi, Francesco Izzo, Antonella Petrillo
Anal cancer is uncommon neoplasm with an incidence of 2 new cases per 100,000 per year in the USA, accounting approximately 0.4 % of all tumors and 2.5 % of gastrointestinal malignancies. An early detection of the anal cancer is crucial for the patient management, whereas the diagnosis at an early stage allows conservative management with sphincter sparing, on the contrary a delays in diagnosis might lead to an advance cancer stage at presentation with worst survival. According to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (NCCN) Anal Carcinoma guidelines the patients should be subjected to a careful clinical examination, including a digital rectal examination (DRE), an anoscopic examination, and palpation of inguinal nodes...
2016: Infectious Agents and Cancer
Alison J Hainsworth, Sophie A Pilkington, Catherine Grierson, Elizabeth Rutherford, Alexis Mp Schizas, Karen P Nugent, Andrew B Williams
OBJECTIVES: Defaecatory MRI allows multicompartmental assessment of defaecatory dysfunction but is often inaccessible. Integrated total pelvic floor ultrasound (transperineal, transvaginal, endoanal) may provide a cheap, portable alternative. Accuracy of total pelvic floor ultrasound for anatomical abnormalities when compared to defaecatory MRI was assessed. METHODS: The dynamic images from 68 women who had undergone integrated total pelvic floor ultrasound and defaecatory MRI between 2009 and 2015 were blindly reviewed...
October 12, 2016: British Journal of Radiology
Marcelo de Melo Andrade Coura, Silvana Marques Silva, Romulo Medeiros de Almeida, Miles Castedo Forrest, João Batista Sousa
Background: Anal sphincter tone is routinely assessed by digital rectal examination in patients with fecal incontinence, although its accuracy in detecting sphincter defects or separating competent from incompetent muscles has not been established. Objective: In this setting, we aimed to evaluate the accuracy of digital rectal examination in grading anal defects in order to separate small from extensive cases as depicted on 3D endoanal ultrasound, using a scoring sphincter defect and correlate anal tone to anal pressures...
October 2016: Arquivos de Gastroenterologia
Dimos Sioutis, Ranee Thakar, Abdul H Sultan
OBJECTIVES: To identify the accuracy of clinically diagnosed OASIS using 3D endoanal ultrasound and compare symptoms and anal manometry measurements between those whose anal sphincters were adequately repaired to those who had persistent anal sphincter defects. METHODS: The endoanal scan images of women who sustained OASIS and attended the perineal clinic over a 10 year period (2003 - 2013) were re-analysed from data entered prospectively of women with clinically diagnosed and repaired OASIS...
September 19, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Cristina Ros Cerro, Eva Martínez Franco, Giulio Aniello Santoro, Maria José Palau, Pawel Wieczorek, Montserrat Espuña-Pons
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The aim was to analyze the correlation between residual anal sphincter (AS) defects and pelvic floor muscle (PFM) strength on anal incontinence (AI) in patients with a history of obstetric AS injuries (OASIS). METHODS: From September 2012 to February 2015, an observational study was conducted on a cohort of females who underwent repair of OASIS intrapartum. The degree of OASIS was scored intrapartum according to Sultan's classification...
September 9, 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Carlo Ratto, Francesco Litta, Lorenza Donisi, Angelo Parello
AIM: To evaluate the safety of the implantation of a new device for the treatment of anal fistulas. The short-term clinical efficacy was also assessed. METHODS: This study took place at a tertiary care university hospital. Patients with a complex anal fistula of cryptoglandular origin were enrolled in the study and were treated with insertion of the new device. All patients were evaluated by clinical and physical examination, including an endoanal ultrasound at the baseline, and then at the 2 wk and 1, 2, 3 and 6-mo follow-up visits...
August 14, 2016: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
Mona B Rydningen, Trond Dehli, Tom Wilsgaard, Rolv O Lindsetmo, Merethe Kumle, Mona Stedenfeldt, Stig Norderval
AIM: The purpose of this study was to assess the efficacy of percutaneous nerve evaluation (PNE) in women with faecal incontinence (FI) following obstetric anal sphincter injury and relate the outcomes to baseline factors with special emphasis on the extent of sphincter defect. METHOD: This was a prospective study at a tertiary colorectal referral unit at the University Hospital of North Norway conducted from 2012-2014. Sixty-three women underwent a three-week PNE using a tined lead and the Verify(®) external neurostimulator...
July 27, 2016: Colorectal Disease: the Official Journal of the Association of Coloproctology of Great Britain and Ireland
Marina Garcés-Albir, Stephanie Anne García-Botello, Alejandro Espi, Vicente Pla-Martí, Jose Martin-Arevalo, David Moro-Valdezate, Joaquin Ortega
AIM: To evaluate accuracy of three-dimensional endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) as compared to 2D-EAUS and physical examination (PE) in diagnosis of perianal fistulas and correlate with intraoperative findings. METHODS: A prospective observational consecutive study was performed with patients included over a two years period. All patients were studied and operated on by the Colorectal Unit surgeons. The inclusion criteria were patients over 18, diagnosed with a criptoglandular perianal fistula...
July 27, 2016: World Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
H H Johannessen, A Wibe, A Stordahl, L Sandvik, S Mørkved
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of pelvic floor muscle exercises (PFME) for postpartum anal incontinence (AI). DESIGN: A parallel two-armed randomised controlled trial stratified on obstetrical anal sphincter injury with primary sphincter repair and hospital affinity. SETTING: Ano-rectal specialist out-patient clinics at two hospitals in Norway. POPULATION: One hundred and nine postpartum women with AI at baseline...
June 7, 2016: BJOG: An International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Siripong Sirikurnpiboon, Oradee Phadhana-anake, Burin Awapittaya
BACKGROUND: Anal fistula anatomy and its relationship with anal sphincters are important factors influencing the results of surgical management. Pre-operative definitions of fistulous track(s) and the internal opening play a primary role in minimizing damage to the sphincters and recurrence of the fistula. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the relative accuracy of digital examination and endoanal ultrasound for pre-operative assessment of anal fistula by comparing operative findings...
February 2016: Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand, Chotmaihet Thangphaet
Saleh M Eftaiha, George Melich, Ajit Pai, Slawomir J Marecik, Leela M Prasad, John J Park
INTRODUCTION: Bowel dysfunction (fecal incontinence and constipation) presents in over 50% of patients after treatment of congenital anal malformations. Sacral nerve stimulation (SNS) for the treatment of fecal incontinence improves function in the majority of patients. We present a case report of the treatment of bowel dysfunction with sacral nerve stimulation in a patient with a history of an imperforate anus. PRESENTATION OF CASE: A twenty year-old female with a history of imperforate anus at birth, repaired during infancy with anorectoplasty, presented with fecal incontinence and constipation...
2016: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports
Jaan Kirss, Tarja Pinta, Camilla Böckelman, Mikael Victorzon
INTRODUCTION: The success of the primary repair of obstetric anal sphincter injury (OASI) is paramount in maintaining adequate fecal continence after childbirth. The factors determining the success or failure of primary repair are unclear. The aim of this study is to investigate modifiable factors determining the success or failure of the primary sphincter repair after OASI. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Sixty women with OASI were investigated by endoanal ultrasound or magnetic resonance imaging, and with the Wexner incontinence questionnaire...
September 2016: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica
C Ros, E Martínez-Franco, M M Wozniak, J Cassado, G A Santoro, N Elías, M López, M Palacio, A P Wieczorek, M Espuña-Pons
OBJECTIVES: Endoanal ultrasound (EAUS) is the gold standard investigation of anal sphincter integrity. Aim of this study was to compare the sensitivity and specificity of 3D-EAUS with 2D and 3D transperineal US (TPUS), and 3D endovaginal US (EVUS) in detecting residual defects after primary repair of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS). METHODS: The external (EAS) and internal anal sphincters (IAS) were evaluated in women with OASIS by four ultrasound modalities...
March 22, 2016: Ultrasound in Obstetrics & Gynecology
Dakshitha Praneeth Wickramasinghe, Supun Senaratne, Hemantha Senanayake, Dharmabandhu Nandadeva Samarasekera
INTRODUCTION AND HYPOTHESIS: The true incidence of obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASI) among Asian primigravida is not known. This study aimed to evaluate OASI in Sri Lankan primigravida. METHODS: One hundred and one consecutive primigravida in their last trimester were recruited from antenatal clinics at a tertiary care centre in Sri Lanka and followed up 6 weeks and 6 months after delivery. They were assessed using anorectal manometry (3D-ARM) and endoanal ultrasound (3D-EAUS) on both occasions...
September 2016: International Urogynecology Journal
Andreia Albuquerque, Guilherme Macedo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 2016: International Journal of Colorectal Disease
Maria Eleonora Alabiso, Francesca Iasiello, Gianluca Pellino, Aniello Iacomino, Luca Roberto, Antonio Pinto, Gabriele Riegler, Francesco Selvaggi, Alfonso Reginelli
Aim. This study aspires to assess the role of 3D-Endoanal Ultrasound (3D-EAUS) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) in preoperative evaluation of the primary tract and internal opening of perianal fistulas, of secondary extensions and abscess. Methods. During 2014, 51 Crohn's disease patients suspected for perianal fistula were enrolled. All patients underwent physical examination with both the methods and subsequent surgery. Results. In the evaluation of CD perianal fistulas, there are no significant differences between 3D-EAUS and MRI in the identification of abscess and secondary extension...
2016: Gastroenterology Research and Practice
M Pescatori, G Gallo
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
M Fitzpatrick, M Cassidy, M L Barassaud, M P Hehir, A M Hanly, P R O'Connell, C O'Herlihy
OBJECTIVE: To assess continence and anal sphincter integrity during a subsequent pregnancy and delivery in women known to have a previous anal sphincter injury. DESIGN: Prospective observational study. SETTING: The National Maternity Hospital, Dublin, Ireland. POPULATION: Antenatal patients with a documented obstetric anal sphincter injury at a previous delivery. METHODS: Women underwent symptom scoring, endoanal ultrasound and manometry...
March 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Laura Mora López, Xavier Serra-Aracil, Salvador Navarro Soto
AIM: To assess the morphological impact of transanal endoscopic surgery on the sphincter apparatus using the modified Starck classification. METHODS: A prospective, observational study of 118 consecutive patients undergoing Transanal Endoscopic Operation/Transanal Endoscopic Microsurgery (TEO/TEM) from March 2013 to May 2014 was performed. All the patients underwent an endoanal ultrasound prior to surgery and one and four months postoperatively in order to measure sphincter width, identify sphincter defects and to quantify them in terms of the level, depth and size of the affected anal canal...
December 14, 2015: World Journal of Gastroenterology: WJG
C Ratto, L Donisi, F Litta, P Campennì, A Parello
INTRODUCTION: A new artificial anal sphincter, SphinKeeper(TM), was devised with the aim to treat fecal incontinence (FI) by implanting specifically designed self-expandable prostheses into the intersphincteric space. Preliminary data concerning the procedure feasibility and prosthesis localization at 3 months are presented. METHODS: SphinKeeper(TM) prostheses in the native state are dehydrated, thin, solid cylinder (length 29 mm, diameter 3 mm), changing their state (shorter--length 23 mm, thicker--diameter 7 mm--and softer, with shape memory) within 48 h of contact with fluids...
January 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
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