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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29900808/the-association-between-psychosocial-work-environment-and-satisfaction-with-old-age-care-among-care-recipients
#1
Dan Lundgren, Marie Ernsth Bravell, Ulrika Börjesson, Ingemar Kåreholt
This study examines the association between nursing assistants' perceptions of their psychosocial work environment and satisfaction among older people receiving care in nursing homes and home care. Cross-sectional surveys were conducted among people receiving care ( N = 1,535) and nursing assistants ( N = 1,132) in 45 nursing homes and 21 home care units within municipal old-age care. Better psychosocial work environment was related to higher satisfaction in old-age care among the recipients. Significant and stronger associations were more common in nursing homes than in home care...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Applied Gerontology: the Official Journal of the Southern Gerontological Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29898723/multiple-policy-approaches-in-improving-community-pharmacy-practice-the-case-in-indonesia
#2
Andi Hermansyah, Erica Sainsbury, Ines Krass
BACKGROUND: Health reform has been an ongoing agenda in many countries with community pharmacy increasingly gaining attention for contributing to healthcare improvement. Likewise, multiple policy approaches have been introduced to improve community pharmacy practice in Indonesia yet no studies have evaluated their effectiveness. Therefore, this study aimed to identify and collate information on approaches intended to improve practice in Indonesian community pharmacy and subsequently examine the perceptions of key stakeholders in healthcare and community pharmacy about these approaches and the extent to which they have affected community pharmacists as a profession...
June 14, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29897977/perceptions-of-climate-change-across-the-canadian-forest-sector-the-key-factors-of-institutional-and-geographical-environment
#3
Aitor Ameztegui, Kevin A Solarik, John R Parkins, Daniel Houle, Christian Messier, Dominique Gravel
Assessing the perception of key stakeholders within the forest sector is critical to evaluating their readiness to engage in adapting to climate change. Here, we report the results of the most comprehensive survey carried out in the Canadian forestry sector to date regarding perceptions of climate change. A total of 1158 individuals, representing a wide range of stakeholders across the five most important forestry provinces in Canada, were asked about climate change, its impact on forest ecosystems, and the suitability of current forest management for addressing future impacts...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29882447/prison-climate-and-its-role-in-reducing-dynamic-risk-factors-during-offender-treatment
#4
Joanna Stasch, Dahlnym Yoon, Julia Sauter, Joscha Hausam, Klaus-Peter Dahle
Although several offender treatment experts have suggested that therapeutic relationships play an important role in offender treatment, empirical finding supporting those arguments are scarce. The present study has therefore examined the relationship between prison climate, treatment motivation, and their influence on changes in risk factors in N = 215 inmates and detainees in four correctional facilities in Berlin, Germany. The inmates' perception of prison climate significantly correlated with their attitudes towards treatment...
June 1, 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29881902/thermal-sensation-and-climate-a-comparison-of-utci-and-pet-thresholds-in-different-climates
#5
Katerina Pantavou, Spyridon Lykoudis, Marialena Nikolopoulou, Ioannis X Tsiros
The influence of physiological acclimatization and psychological adaptation on thermal perception is well documented and has revealed the importance of thermal experience and expectation in the evaluation of environmental stimuli. Seasonal patterns of thermal perception have been studied, and calibrated thermal indices' scales have been proposed to obtain meaningful interpretations of thermal sensation indices in different climate regions. The current work attempts to quantify the contribution of climate to the long-term thermal adaptation by examining the relationship between climate normal annual air temperature (1971-2000) and such climate-calibrated thermal indices' assessment scales...
June 7, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879955/foreign-born-physicians-perceptions-of-discrimination-and-stress-in-finland-a-cross-sectional-questionnaire-study
#6
Tarja Heponiemi, Laura Hietapakka, Salla Lehtoaro, Anna-Mari Aalto
BACKGROUND: Foreign-born physicians fill in the shortage of physicians in many developed countries. Labour market theory and previous studies suggest that foreign-born physicians may be a disadvantaged group with a higher likelihood of discrimination and less prestigious jobs. The present study examines foreign-born physicians' experiences of discrimination (coming from management, colleagues and patients separately) and patient-related stress and integration-related stress, and it examines how gender, age, employment sector, country of birth, years from getting a practicing license in Finland, language problems, cross-cultural training, cross-cultural empathy, team climate and skill discretion were associated with these factors...
June 7, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29879806/current-situation-and-future-prospects-for-global-beef-production-overview-of-special-issue
#7
Stephen B Smith, Takafumi Gotoh, Paul L Greenwood
The demand for beef as a protein source is increasing worldwide, although in most countries beef accounts for considerably less than half of total meat consumption. Beef also provides a highly desirable eating experience in developed countries and, increasingly, in developing countries. The sustainability of beef production has different meanings in the various geographical and socio-economic regions of the world. Natural resources including land mass and uses, rainfall and access to livestock feed, and the robustness of the economy are major determinants of the perception of beef sustainability...
May 31, 2018: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29878823/differences-in-school-climate-and-student-engagement-in-china-and-the-united-states
#8
George G Bear, Chunyan Yang, Dandan Chen, Xianyou He, Jia-Shu Xie, Xishan Huang
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine differences between American and Chinese students in their perceptions of school climate and engagement in school, and in the relation between school climate and engagement. METHOD: Confirmatory factor analyses were used to support the factor structure and measurement invariance of the two measures administered: The Delaware School Climate Survey-Student and the Delaware Student Engagement Scale. Differences in latent means were tested, and differences in relations between variables were examined using multilevel hierarchical linear modeling...
June 2018: School Psychology Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29876604/the-impacts-of-lachancea-thermotolerans-yeast-strains-on-winemaking
#9
REVIEW
Santiago Benito
At one time, Saccharomyces spp. yeasts were the only option for use in winemaking due to their unique abilities to metabolize all grape juice sugars to ethanol. However, during the previous decade, several commercial non-Saccharomyces yeast products appeared in the biotechnology market. Some of them have slowly begun to establish new enological resources to solve modern winemaking challenges in the new century. Among these challenges, acidification in the warm-growing regions is of great concern for improving wine quality from those areas, particularly in light of the predictions of serious climate change...
June 6, 2018: Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29868691/evidence-based-practice-in-the-hospital-setting-views-of-interdisciplinary-therapy-practitioners
#10
Ashlea D Cardin, Michael B Hudson
BACKGROUND: In the United States' changing health care climate, an updated picture of evidence-based practice (EBP) in the hospital setting is needed. Researchers explored EBP activities that interdisciplinary therapy team members used most frequently to acquire and appraise clinical evidence, therapists' perceptions of EBP, and barriers and enablers to EBP implementation within two similar acute-care hospitals in the Midwest. METHODS: An electronic survey was distributed to 190 therapy practitioners working in two acute-care hospital settings...
2018: Journal of Allied Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29866728/how-do-adolescent-girls-and-boys-perceive-symptoms-suggestive-of-endometriosis-among-their-peers-findings-from-focus-group-discussions-in-new-york-city
#11
Jhumka Gupta, Lauren F Cardoso, Courtney S Harris, Arielle D Dance, Tamer Seckin, Nina Baker, Yvonne O Ferguson
OBJECTIVE: Symptoms of endometriosis, including pelvic pain, back and nerve pain, and gastrointestinal pain, often begin in adolescence. Yet, research on the experience of these debilitating symptoms among young people is scarce. Of particular concern is the influence of adolescent girls' social context. This study qualitatively examined how, among adolescents, endometriosis and symptoms suggestive of endometriosis is perceived at the family, peer/school and community/society levels. DESIGN: Eight focus groups were conducted; vignettes were used to elicit participants' perceptions of factors that may shape girls' experiences of endometriosis...
June 4, 2018: BMJ Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859900/clinically-competent-and-fiscally-at-risk-impact-of-debt-and-financial-parameters-on-the-surgical-resident
#12
Sarah E Tevis, Andrew P Rogers, Evie H Carchman, Eugene F Foley, Bruce A Harms
BACKGROUND: While the costs of medical training continue to increase, surgeon income and personal financial decisions may be challenged to manage this expanding debt burden. We sought to characterize the financial liability, assets, income, and debt of surgical residents, and evaluate the necessity for additional financial training. STUDY DESIGN: All surgical trainees at a single academic center completed a detailed survey. Questions focused on issues related to debt, equity, cash flow, financial education, and fiscal parameters...
May 9, 2018: Journal of the American College of Surgeons
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29859066/impact-of-organizational-climate-on-organizational-commitment-and-perceived-organizational-performance-empirical-evidence-from-public-hospitals
#13
Aysen Berberoglu
BACKGROUND: Extant literature suggested that positive organizational climate leads to higher levels of organizational commitment, which is an important concept in terms of employee attitudes, likewise, the concept of perceived organizational performance, which can be assumed as a mirror of the actual performance. For healthcare settings, these are important matters to consider due to the fact that the service is delivered thoroughly by healthcare workers to the patients. Therefore, attitudes and perceptions of the employees can influence how they deliver the service...
June 1, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29858740/safe-schools-transgender-youth-s-school-experiences-and-perceptions-of-school-climate
#14
Jack K Day, Amaya Perez-Brumer, Stephen T Russell
The magnitude of gender identity-related disparities in school-based outcomes is unknown because of a lack of representative studies that include measures of gender identity. By utilizing a representative sample generalizable to a broader population, this study elucidates the size of gender identity-related disparities, independent of sexual orientation, in school experiences associated with school connectedness and perceptions of school climate. Additionally, the inclusion of and comparison to results of a large non-representative sample allows for more direct comparisons to previous studies of the school experiences of transgender youth...
June 1, 2018: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29848004/the-anrs-ipergay-trial-an-opportunity-to-use-qualitative-research-to-understand-the-perception-of-the-participant-physician-relationship
#15
Marion Di Ciaccio, Christel Protiere, Daniela Rojas Castro, Marie Suzan-Monti, Julie Chas, Laurent Cotte, Martin Siguier, Eric Cua, Bruno Spire, Jean-Michel Molina, Marie Preau
The ANRS-IPERGAY trial consisted in providing sexual activity-based antiretroviral prophylaxis for HIV prevention (PrEP) with a package of prevention tools (counselling, condoms, HIV and sexually transmitted infections' screening) to highly exposed HIV-negative men who have sex with men (MSM). Few data exist concerning the patient-physician relationship in the particular context of PrEP, where physicians discuss sexual behaviours with MSM who are not classic patients, in that consultation is for prevention purposes, not for illness...
May 30, 2018: AIDS Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29846783/collaboration-across-worldviews-managers-and-scientists-on-hawai-i-island-utilize-knowledge-coproduction-to-facilitate-climate-change-adaptation
#16
Scott Laursen, Noelani Puniwai, Ayesha S Genz, Sarah A B Nash, Lisa K Canale, Sharon Ziegler-Chong
Complex socio-ecological issues, such as climate change have historically been addressed through technical problem solving methods. Yet today, climate science approaches are increasingly accounting for the roles of diverse social perceptions, experiences, cultural norms, and worldviews. In support of this shift, we developed a research program on Hawai'i Island that utilizes knowledge coproduction to integrate the diverse worldviews of natural and cultural resource managers, policy professionals, and researchers within actionable science products...
May 30, 2018: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29808345/outcome-in-patients-perceived-as-receiving-excessive-care-across-different-ethical-climates-a-prospective-study-in-68-intensive-care-units-in-europe-and-the-usa
#17
D D Benoit, H I Jensen, J Malmgren, V Metaxa, A K Reyners, M Darmon, K Rusinova, D Talmor, A P Meert, L Cancelliere, L Zubek, P Maia, A Michalsen, S Vanheule, E J O Kompanje, J Decruyenaere, S Vandenberghe, S Vansteelandt, B Gadeyne, B Van den Bulcke, E Azoulay, R D Piers
PURPOSE: Whether the quality of the ethical climate in the intensive care unit (ICU) improves the identification of patients receiving excessive care and affects patient outcomes is unknown. METHODS: In this prospective observational study, perceptions of excessive care (PECs) by clinicians working in 68 ICUs in Europe and the USA were collected daily during a 28-day period. The quality of the ethical climate in the ICUs was assessed via a validated questionnaire...
May 28, 2018: Intensive Care Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29805421/ethical-climate-as-a-moderator-between-organizational-trust-and-whistle-blowing-among-nurses-and-secretaries
#18
Seda Aydan, Sidika Kaya
Objectives: To reveal the effect of perception of ethical climate by nurses and secretaries and their level of organizational trust on their whistleblowing intention. Methods: Nurses and secretaries working in a University Hospital in Ankara, Turkey, were enrolled in the study conducted in 2016. Responses were received from 369 nurses and secretaries working at Clinics and Polyclinics. Path analysis, investigation of structural equation models used while multi-regression analysis was also applied...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29791510/the-importance-of-manager-support-for-the-mental-health-and-well-being-of-ambulance-personnel
#19
Katherine Petrie, Aimée Gayed, Bridget T Bryan, Mark Deady, Ira Madan, Anita Savic, Zoe Wooldridge, Isabelle Counson, Rafael A Calvo, Nicholas Glozier, Samuel B Harvey
Interventions to enhance mental health and well-being within high risk industries such as the emergency services have typically focused on individual-level factors, though there is increasing interest in the role of organisational-level interventions. The aim of this study was to examine the importance of different aspects of manager support in determining the mental health of ambulance personnel. A cross-sectional survey was completed by ambulance personnel across two Australian states (N = 1,622). Demographics, manager support and mental health measures were assessed...
2018: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29789099/building-capacity-for-change-evaluation-of-an-organisation-wide-leadership-development-program
#20
Tim Schultz, Jodie Shoobridge, Gill Harvey, Libby Carter, Alison Kitson
Objective. This study evaluated Leading 4 Change, a change leadership development program designed to support healthcare middle managers through a period of significant organisational change and enhance workplace resilience. Methods. A mixed methods evaluation was conducted within the program's framework of a quality improvement activity. Quantitative measures were participant responses (n=160) to online questionnaires, which were compared before and after the program, using an uncontrolled pre-post study design...
May 23, 2018: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
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