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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28088545/how-do-people-s-perceptions-and-climatic-disaster-experiences-influence-their-daily-behaviors-regarding-adaptation-to-climate-change-a-case-study-among-young-generations
#1
Ying Deng, Ming Wang, Rasoul Yousefpour
Adaptation is a commonly applied strategy used to address individual behavior changes, in response to climate change. However, in-depth, evidence-based investigations of the relationships among individual perceptions, climatic disaster experiences, and daily behaviors regarding adaptation to climate change remain to be conducted. We obtained survey data from 488 respondents in southwestern China, a region prone to frequent and severe droughts, to assess factors that influence adaptive behaviors and to identify their pathways...
January 11, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28086919/the-safety-attitudes-questionnaire-ambulatory-version-psychometric-properties-of-the-slovenian-version-for-the-out-of-hours-primary-care-setting
#2
Zalika Klemenc-Ketis, Matjaz Maletic, Vesna Stropnik, Ellen Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
BACKGROUND: Several tools have been developed to measure safety attitudes of health care providers, out of which the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) is regarded as one of the most appropriate ones. In 2007, it was adapted to outpatient (primary health care) settings and in 2014 it was tested in out-of-hours health care settings in Norway. The purpose of this study was to translate the English version of the SAQ-Ambulatory Version (SAQ-AV) to Slovenian language; to test its reliability; and to explore its factor structure...
January 13, 2017: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28074001/the-family-time-squeeze-perceived-family-time-adequacy-buffers-work-strain-in-certified-nursing-assistants-with-multiple-caregiving-roles
#3
Nicole DePasquale, Jacqueline Mogle, Steven H Zarit, Cassandra Okechukwu, Ellen Ernst Kossek, David M Almeida
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY: This study examined how certified nursing assistants (CNAs) with unpaid family caregiving roles for children ("double-duty-child caregivers"), older adults ("double-duty-elder caregivers"), and both children and older adults ("triple-duty caregivers") differed from their nonfamily caregiving counterparts ("workplace-only caregivers") on four work strain indicators (emotional exhaustion, job satisfaction, turnover intentions, and work climate for family sacrifices)...
January 10, 2017: Gerontologist
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28063849/recruitment-promotion-and-retention-of-women-in-academic-medicine-how-institutions-are-addressing-gender-disparities
#4
Phyllis L Carr, Christine Gunn, Anita Raj, Samantha Kaplan, Karen M Freund
OBJECTIVE: Greater numbers of women in medicine have not resulted in more women achieving senior positions. Programs supporting the recruitment, promotion, and retention of women in academic medicine could help to achieve greater advancement of more women to leadership positions. Qualitative research was conducted to understand such programs at 23 institutions and, using the social ecological model, examine how they operate at the individual, interpersonal, institutional, academic community, and policy levels...
January 4, 2017: Women's Health Issues: Official Publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28052931/pastoral-perceptions-of-the-learning-and-developing-individual-exercise-skills-l-a-d-i-e-s-intervention-a-qualitative-study
#5
Chandra R Story, Tyra T Gross, Idethia S Harvey, Melicia C Whitt-Glover
African-American women experience higher rates of obesity compared to other racial/ethnic groups. High levels of reported church attendance among African-Americans have led to the proliferation of faith-based health programs. Pastors can influence success for faith-based programs. The purpose of this study was to assess pastors' perceptions of the L.A.D.I.E.S. intervention, designed to increase physical activity levels in sedentary African-American women. For the L.A.D.I.E.S. intervention, 31 churches (n = 418 women) were randomized at the church level to a faith-based, non-faith-based or self-guided program...
January 3, 2017: Health Education Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28029477/relating-farmer-s-perceptions-of-climate-change-risk-to-adaptation-behaviour-in-hungary
#6
Sen Li, Linda Juhász-Horváth, Paula A Harrison, László Pintér, Mark D A Rounsevell
Understanding how farmers perceive climate change risks and how this affects their willingness to adopt adaptation practices is critical for developing effective climate change response strategies for the agricultural sector. This study examines (i) the perceptual relationships between farmers' awareness of climate change phenomena, beliefs in climate change risks and actual adaptation behaviour, and (ii) how these relationships may be modified by farm-level antecedents related to human, social, financial capitals and farm characteristics...
October 28, 2016: Journal of Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28009103/experts-perceptions-on-china-s-capacity-to-manage-emerging-and-re-emerging-zoonotic-diseases-in-an-era-of-climate-change
#7
A Hansen, J Xiang, Q Liu, M X Tong, Y Sun, X Liu, K Chen, S Cameron, S Hanson-Easey, G-S Han, P Weinstein, C Williams, P Bi
Zoonotic diseases transmitted by arthropods and rodents are a major public health concern in China. However, interventions in recent decades have helped lower the incidence of several diseases despite the country's large, frequently mobile population and socio-economic challenges. Increasing globalization, rapid urbanization and a warming climate now add to the complexity of disease control and prevention and could challenge China's capacity to respond to threats of emerging and re-emerging zoonoses. To investigate this notion, face-to-face interviews were conducted with 30 infectious disease experts in four cities in China...
December 23, 2016: Zoonoses and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28008006/the-associations-between-work-life-balance-behaviours-teamwork-climate-and-safety-climate-cross-sectional-survey-introducing-the-work-life-climate-scale-psychometric-properties-benchmarking-data-and-future-directions
#8
J Bryan Sexton, Stephanie P Schwartz, Whitney A Chadwick, Kyle J Rehder, Jonathan Bae, Joanna Bokovoy, Keith Doram, Wayne Sotile, Kathryn C Adair, Jochen Profit
BACKGROUND: Improving the resiliency of healthcare workers is a national imperative, driven in part by healthcare workers having minimal exposure to the skills and culture to achieve work-life balance (WLB). Regardless of current policies, healthcare workers feel compelled to work more and take less time to recover from work. Satisfaction with WLB has been measured, as has work-life conflict, but how frequently healthcare workers engage in specific WLB behaviours is rarely assessed. Measurement of behaviours may have advantages over measurement of perceptions; behaviours more accurately reflect WLB and can be targeted by leaders for improvement...
December 22, 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27965872/the-safety-climate-in-primary-care-sap-c-study-study-protocol-for-a-randomised-controlled-feasibility-study
#9
Sinéad Lydon, Margaret E Cupples, Nigel Hart, Andrew W Murphy, Aileen Faherty, Paul O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Research on patient safety has focused largely on secondary care settings, and there is a dearth of knowledge relating to safety culture or climate, and safety climate improvement strategies, in the context of primary care. This is problematic given the high rates of usage of primary care services and the myriad of opportunities for clinical errors daily. The current research programme aimed to assess the effectiveness of an intervention derived from the Scottish Patient Safety Programme in Primary Care...
2016: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27958273/extreme-warming-challenges-sentinel-status-of-kelp-forests-as-indicators-of-climate-change
#10
Daniel Reed, Libe Washburn, Andrew Rassweiler, Robert Miller, Tom Bell, Shannon Harrer
The desire to use sentinel species as early warning indicators of impending climate change effects on entire ecosystems is attractive, but we need to verify that such approaches have sound biological foundations. A recent large-scale warming event in the North Pacific Ocean of unprecedented magnitude and duration allowed us to evaluate the sentinel status of giant kelp, a coastal foundation species that thrives in cold, nutrient-rich waters and is considered sensitive to warming. Here, we show that giant kelp and the majority of species that associate with it did not presage ecosystem effects of extreme warming off southern California despite giant kelp's expected vulnerability...
December 13, 2016: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27941087/enhancing-the-safety-climate-and-reducing-violence-against-staff-in-closed-hospital-wards
#11
Valerie Isaak, Dana Vashdi, Dor Bar-Noy, Hava Kostisky, Shmuel Hirschmann, Alexander Grinshpoon
This study examined the effectiveness of an intervention program to enhance unit safety climate and minimize employee risk of injury from patient violence. The intervention program, including a 3-day workshop, was offered to personnel on maximum security units of an Israeli psychiatric hospital. Safety climate was examined before and after the implementation of the intervention, and incidents of patient violence were investigated. Six months after the intervention, a significant improvement in employees' perceptions of management's commitment to safety as well as a marginally significant improvement in communication about safety issues were found...
December 9, 2016: Workplace Health & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27934666/applying-corporate-climate-principles-to-dental-school-operations
#12
Michelle A Robinson, Michael S Reddy
Decades of research have shown that organizational climate has the potential to form the basis of workplace operations and impact an organization's performance. Culture is related to climate but is not the same. "Culture" is the broader term, defining how things are done in an organization, while "climate" is a component of culture that describes how people perceive their environment. Climate can be changed but requires substantial effort over time by management and the workforce. Interest has recently grown in culture and climate in dental education due to the humanistic culture accreditation standard...
December 2016: Journal of Dental Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27928510/a-cross-sectional-study-to-assess-the-patient-safety-culture-in-the-palestinian-hospitals-a-baseline-assessment-for-quality-improvement
#13
Aymen Elsous, Ali Akbari Sari, Arash Rashidian, Yousef Aljeesh, Mahmoud Radwan, Hatem AbuZaydeh
OBJECTIVES: To measure and establish a baseline assessment of the patient safety culture in the Palestinian hospitals. DESIGN: A cross-sectional descriptive study using the Arabic version of the Safety Attitude Questionnaire (Short Form 2006). PARTICIPANTS: A total of 339 nurses and physicians returned the questionnaire out of 370 achieving a response rate of 91.6%. SETTING: Four public general hospitals in the Gaza Strip, Palestine...
December 2016: JRSM Open
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27923441/she-s-supporting-them-who-s-supporting-her-preschool-center-level-social-emotional-supports-and-teacher-well-being
#14
Katherine M Zinsser, Claire G Christensen, Luz Torres
Preschool teachers across the country have been charged to prepare children socially and emotionally for kindergarten. Teachers working in preschool centers are supporting children's social and emotional learning (SEL) within a rich ecology of emotion and social relationships and the present study considers how the supports implemented for children's SEL at the center-level are associated with teachers' psychological health and workplace experiences. Hierarchical linear models were constructed using data from the Head Start Family and Child Experiences Survey 2009 cohort...
December 2016: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27920245/underlying-influence-of-perception-of-management-leadership-on-patient-safety-climate-in-healthcare-organizations-a-mediation-analysis-approach
#15
Shao-Jen Weng, Seung-Hwan Kim, Chieh-Liang Wu
OBJECTIVE: We aim to draw insights on how medical staff's perception of management leadership affects safety climate with key safety related dimensions-teamwork climate, job satisfaction and working conditions. DESIGN/SETTING: A cross-sectional survey using Safety Attitude Questionnaire (SAQ) was performed in a medical center in Taichung City, Taiwan. The relationships among the dimensions in SAQ were then analyzed by structural equation modeling with a mediation analysis...
December 4, 2016: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27900353/survey-data-on-key-climate-and-environmental-drivers-of-farmers-migration-in-burkina-faso-west-africa
#16
Safiétou Sanfo, M William Fonta, Ibrahim Boubacar, P A John Lamers
This article describes two datasets generated from various sources in south western Burkina Faso to identify the key climate and environmental drivers that cause farmers to migrate. The survey sampling is random but reasoned and rational. The first dataset from 367 farm households contains data on farmers' perception of climate change risks or hazards, their impacts on farmland productivity and farm households' risk management strategies. The second dataset from 58 farm households contains data on agricultural practices, environmental changes, and environmental migration...
December 2016: Data in Brief
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27893160/integrating-household-risk-mitigation-behavior-in-flood-risk-analysis-an-agent-based-model-approach
#17
Toon Haer, W J Wouter Botzen, Hans de Moel, Jeroen C J H Aerts
Recent studies showed that climate change and socioeconomic trends are expected to increase flood risks in many regions. However, in these studies, human behavior is commonly assumed to be constant, which neglects interaction and feedback loops between human and environmental systems. This neglect of human adaptation leads to a misrepresentation of flood risk. This article presents an agent-based model that incorporates human decision making in flood risk analysis. In particular, household investments in loss-reducing measures are examined under three economic decision models: (1) expected utility theory, which is the traditional economic model of rational agents; (2) prospect theory, which takes account of bounded rationality; and (3) a prospect theory model, which accounts for changing risk perceptions and social interactions through a process of Bayesian updating...
November 28, 2016: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27891140/drought-and-heat-differentially-affect-xth-expression-and-xet-activity-and-action-in-3-day-old-seedlings-of-durum-wheat-cultivars-with-different-stress-susceptibility
#18
Andrea Iurlaro, Monica De Caroli, Erika Sabella, Mariarosaria De Pascali, Patrizia Rampino, Luigi De Bellis, Carla Perrotta, Giuseppe Dalessandro, Gabriella Piro, Stephen C Fry, Marcello S Lenucci
Heat and drought stress have emerged as major constraints for durum wheat production. In the Mediterranean area, their negative effect on crop productivity is expected to be exacerbated by the occurring climate change. Xyloglucan endotransglucosylase/hydrolases (XTHs) are chief enzymes in cell wall remodeling, whose relevance in cell expansion and morphogenesis suggests a central role in stress responses. In this work the potential role of XTHs in abiotic stress tolerance was investigated in durum wheat. The separate effects of dehydration and heat exposure on XTH expression and its endotransglucosylase (XET) in vitro activity and in vivo action have been monitored, up to 24 h, in the apical and sub-apical root regions and shoots excised from 3-day-old seedlings of durum wheat cultivars differing in stress susceptibility/tolerance...
2016: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27876363/understanding-the-effects-of-past-flood-events-and-perceived-and-estimated-flood-risks-on-individuals-voluntary-flood-insurance-purchase-behavior
#19
Wanyun Shao, Siyuan Xian, Ning Lin, Howard Kunreuther, Nida Jackson, Kirby Goidel
Over the past several decades, the economic damage from flooding in the coastal areas has greatly increased due to rapid coastal development coupled with possible climate change impacts. One effective way to mitigate excessive economic losses from flooding is to purchase flood insurance. Only a minority of coastal residents however have taken this preventive measure. Using original survey data for all coastal counties of the United States Gulf Coast merged with contextual data, this study examines the effects of external influences and perceptions of flood-related risks on individuals' voluntary behaviors to purchase flood insurance...
January 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27865528/integrating-new-indicators-of-predictors-that-shape-the-public-s-perception-of-local-extreme-temperature-in-china
#20
Jie Ban, Lei Huang, Chen Chen, Yuming Guo, Mike Z He, Tiantian Li
The public's risk perception of local extreme heat or cold plays a critical role in community health and prevention under climate change. However, there is limited evidence on such issues in China where extreme weather is occurring more frequently due to climate change. Here, a total of 2500 residents were selected using a three-step sampling method and investigated by a questionnaire in two representative cities. We investigated risk perception of extreme heat in Beijing and extreme cold in Harbin in 2013, aiming to examine their possible correlations with multiple epidemiological factors...
February 1, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
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