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climate perception

Cho Kwong Charlie Lam, Kevin Ka-Lun Lau
The Universal Thermal Climate Index (UTCI) is an index for assessing outdoor thermal environment which aims to be applicable universally to different climates. However, the scale of UTCI thermal stress classification can be interpreted depending on the context. Previous studies validated the UTCI in individual cities, but comparative studies between different cities are scarce. This study examines the differences in thermal perception and clothing choices between residents from two climate zones over similar UTCI ranges in summer...
April 12, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
David L B Schwappach
BACKGROUND: Speaking up by healthcare professionals (HCPs) is an important resource to reduce risks to patient safety. Due to complex tradeoffs, HCPs are often reluctant to voice their concerns. A survey investigated HCPs' likelihood to speak up. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey study among HCPs in 5 Swiss hospitals addressed speaking-up behaviors, safety climate, and likelihood to speak up about poor hand hygiene practice described in a vignette. Likelihood to speak up was analyzed using a multilevel regression model...
April 9, 2018: American Journal of Infection Control
So Young Park, Jason Phua, Masaji Nishimura, Yiyun Deng, Yan Kang, Keiichi Tada, Younsuck Koh
OBJECTIVES: To compare physicians' perceptions and practice of end-of-life care in the ICU in three East Asian countries cultures similarly rooted in Confucianism. DESIGN: A structured and scenario-based survey of physicians who managed ICU patients from May 2012 to December 2012. SETTING: ICUs in China, Korea, and Japan. SUBJECTS: Specialists who are either intensivists or nonintensivist primary attending physicians in charge of patients (195 in China, 186 in Korea, 224 in Japan)...
April 6, 2018: Critical Care Medicine
Lucía Lijó, Nicola Frison, Francesco Fatone, Sara González-García, Gumersindo Feijoo, Maria Teresa Moreira
The aim of this study was to compare the environmental performance and sustainability of different management options for livestock waste in Cyprus. The two most common practices in the country, i.e. the use of anaerobic lagoons and conventional biogas plants, were compared with the innovative scheme developed in the LiveWaste project (LIFE12 ENV/CY/000544), which aims not only to produce bioenergy, but also to treat the digestate for nutrient recovery and water reuse. The Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology was combined with the Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) to compare the performance of these alternatives...
April 5, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Katrina J Debnam, Shonali Saha, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND: Synthetic and other drugs have become available to teens, yet little is known about risk factors of use. OBJECTIVE: To examine adolescent use of one class of synthetic drugs and its association with perceptions about its prevalence, access, and risk of substance use. METHODS: Adolescents from a convenience sample of 104 middle and high schools (N = 59,218) participated in an anonymous survey to assess school climate and substance use in 2013-2014...
April 6, 2018: Substance Use & Misuse
Marieke Dewitte, Jan Schepers, Reinhilde Melles
BACKGROUND: Sex research lacks experimental studies in which both partners participate in a laboratory procedure. This is relevant in the context of genital pain because painful vaginal sensations often occur in the presence of the partner. AIM: To examine the effects of partner presence, sexual stimulation, and vaginal pressure on the appraisal of vaginal sensations and sexual arousal, ultimately aiming to increase the ecologic validity of laboratory designs. METHODS: A community sample of 42 women and their male partners watched sexual and neutral films while separated or together...
April 2018: Journal of Sexual Medicine
Petra Dickmann, Andrew Kitua, Franklin Apfel, Nigel Lightfoot
OVERVIEW: International activities to respond to the Ebola crisis in West Africa were mainly developed and focussed around the biomedical paradigm of Western health systems. This approach was often insensitive to societal perception, attitude, and behavioural determinants and clashed with community-based health traditions, narratives, and roles, e.g., of community health workers. In this peer-led capacity-building initiative, these deficiencies were identified and analysed. Innovative, more locally focussed, community-based solutions were articulated...
April 2018: PLoS Neglected Tropical Diseases
Diogo Monteiro, Carla Chicau Borrego, Carlos Silva, João Moutão, Daniel Almeida Marinho, Luís Cid
The aim of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Portuguese version of the Motivational Climate Sport Youth Scale (MCSYSp) and invariance across gender and different sports (swimming, soccer, handball, basketball, futsal). A total of 4,569 athletes (3,053 males, 1,516 females) from soccer (1,098), swimming (1,049), basketball (1,754), futsal (340), and handball (328) participated in this study, with ages between 10 and 20 years (M = 15.13; SD = 1.95). The results show that the original model (two factors/12 items) did not adjust to the data in a satisfactory way; therefore, it was necessary to change the model by removing four items (two from each factor)...
March 2018: Journal of Human Kinetics
Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen Ajslev, Emil Sundstrup, Markus Due Jakobsen, Pete Kines, Johnny Dyreborg, Lars Louis Andersen
Objectives The capability of safety climate to predict accidents has been the target of widespread debate in occupational health and safety research. The objective of this prospective cohort study was to employ a shortened five-item safety climate survey to investigate whether safety climate reports in 2012 are predictive for accidents reported within the last 12 months in 2014. Methods In both 2012 and 2014, 3864 blue-collar workers answered the Danish Working Environment and Health Cohort Study. Logistic regression was used to study the association [odds ratio (OR)] of reporting a work-related accident (yes/no) with more than one day of sickness absence (outcome) within the last 12 months in 2014 with the number of safety climate problems (predictor)...
March 25, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment & Health
Suzanne Janssen, Joël Tahitu, Mark van Vuuren, Menno D T de Jong
Research into workplace mentoring is primarily focused on the experiences and perceptions of individuals involved in the relationship, while there is scarcely any research focusing on the impact of mentoring relationships on their social environment. This exploratory research aims to give insight into how coworkers' perceptions and experiences of informal mentoring relationships in their workgroup are related to their perceptions of workgroup functioning. The results of 21 semistructured interviews show that coworkers believe that mentoring relationships affect their workgroup's functioning by influencing both their workgroup's performance and climate ...
April 2018: Group & Organization Management
Miguel Ángel Sánchez-Tena, Cristina Alvarez-Peregrina, Mª Carolina Valbuena-Iglesias, Pablo Ruisoto Palomera
Optical illusions are involved in the perception of false or erroneous images which might involve disorientation. They occur by a discordance by the peripheral systems about the information captured and generally, resulting in pilots failure to recognize key signals. The aim of this study is to review the state of the art of spatial disorientation and optical illusions in aviation pilots. This kind of disorientation has important practical consequences, because a remarkable percentage of plane accidents are related to pilot's optical illusions...
March 19, 2018: Journal of Medical Systems
Rami Benbenishty, Ron Avi Astor, Ilan Roziner
OBJECTIVES: To assess the between-school variation in suicide ideation and to estimate the contribution of school-level attributes, student-level characteristics, and 2 cross-level interactions (school by student) to student suicide ideation. STUDY DESIGN: A secondary analysis of the California Healthy Kids Survey in 2 large and representative samples of California high schools and students: 2009-2011 and 2011-2013. This is a population sample of all public high school students (grades 9 and 11) in California...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Pediatrics
Susan Williams, Mallory Schneider, Cory Wornell, Jennifer Langhinrichsen-Rohling
This study examined the relationship of students' perceptions of school safety and school avoidance related to feeling unsafe with predictor variables: bullying victimization, student/teacher/parent/administration relations, rule clarity and consistency, school physical environment (negative and positive), and student's belongingness. In a public high school sample ( n = 585), 24.7% of students felt unsafe and 14.4% avoided school due to feeling unsafe during the past month. Being female and experiencing bullying was associated with feeling unsafe...
January 1, 2018: Journal of School Nursing: the Official Publication of the National Association of School Nurses
Jill Viglione
Currently, both researchers and criminal justice agencies recognize the need to consider evidence-based practices (EBPs) as means to provide effective supervision and reduce recidivism rates. Research documents the importance of organizational characteristics in relation to EBP adoption and implementation, including organizational climate, commitment to the organization, and cynicism for change. Using data collected through surveys of 251 probation staff nested within 12 probation agencies in the United States, the current study utilizes Hierarchical Linear Modeling to examine the association of these important organizational characteristics with probation staff reported attitudes toward EBPs...
April 2018: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
Azadeh Arbabi Sabzevari, Morteza Miri, Tayeb Raziei, Hassan Oroji, Mojtaba Rahimi
The present study aims to evaluate the influence of climate conditions on tourism in the port of Chabahar, southeastern Iran, using the climate comfort indices (CIT, PMV, and TCI) and the field data relative to the tourist satisfaction. According to the computed TCI, the autumn-winter season (October-April) is climatically favorable for tourism in Chabahar, but it is ideal during January to March. Based on the computed PMV index, the studied region is in the range of climate comfort in most parts of the year...
March 14, 2018: International Journal of Biometeorology
Christopher M Shea, Kea Turner, Jordan Albritton, Kristin L Reiter
BACKGROUND: Recent emphasis on value-based health care has highlighted the importance of quality improvement (QI) in primary care settings. QI efforts, which require providers and staff to work in cross-functional teams, may be implemented with varying levels of success, with implementation being affected by factors at the organizational, teamwork, and individual levels. PURPOSE: The purpose of our study was to (a) identify contextual factors (organizational, teamwork, and individual) that affect implementation effectiveness of QI interventions in primary care settings and (b) compare perspectives about these factors across roles (health care administrators, physician and nonphysician clinicians, and administrative staff)...
March 12, 2018: Health Care Management Review
Oded Potchter, Pninit Cohen, Tzu-Ping Lin, Andreas Matzarakis
Over the past century, many research studies have been conducted in an attempt to define thermal conditions for humans in the outdoor environment and to grade thermal sensation. Consequently, a large number of indices have been proposed. The examination of human thermal indices by thermal subjective perception has become recently a methodical issue to confirm the accuracy, applicability and validation of human thermal indices. The aims of this study are: (a) to review studies containing both calculated human thermal conditions and subjective thermal perception in the outdoor environment (b) to identify the most used human thermal indices for evaluating human thermal perception (c) to examine the relation between human thermal comfort range and outdoor thermal environment conditions and (d) to compare between categories of thermal sensation in different climatic zones based on subjective perception and levels of thermal strain...
March 8, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
Gregory D Kearney, Ronny A Bell
The geographic position and high level of poverty in the southeastern United States are significant risk factors that contribute to the region's high vulnerability to climate change. The goal of this study was to evaluate beliefs and perceptions of global warming among those living in poverty in the poorest counties in the southeastern United States. Results from this project may be used to support public health efforts to increase climate-related messaging to vulnerable and underserved communities. This was an ecological study that analyzed public opinion poll estimates from previously gathered national level survey data (2016)...
March 7, 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Adedeji O Afolabi, Rapheal A Ojelabi, Patience F Tunji-Olayeni, Olabosipo I Fagbenle, Timothy O Mosaku
The unique qualities of women can make them bearers of solutions towards achieving sustainability and dealing with the dangers attributed to climate change. The attitudinal study utilized a questionnaire instrument to obtain perception of female construction professionals. By using a well-structured questionnaire, data was obtained on women participating in green jobs in the construction Industry. Descriptive statistics is performed on the collected data and presented in tables and mean scores (MS). In addition, inferential statistics of categorical regression was performed on the data to determine the level of influence (beta factor) the identified barriers had on the level of participation in green jobs...
April 2018: Data in Brief
Tanjala S Purnell, Jessie Kimbrough Marshall, Israel Olorundare, Rosalyn W Stewart, Stephen Sisson, Brian Gibbs, Leonard S Feldman, Amanda Bertram, Alexander R Green, Lisa A Cooper
As part of a cultural competence needs assessment study at a large academic health care system, we conducted a survey among 1,220 practicing physicians to assess their perceptions of the organization's cultural competence climate and their skills and behaviors targeting patient-centered care for culturally and socially diverse patients. Less than half of providers reported engaging in behaviors to address cultural and social barriers more than 75% of the time. In multivariable logistic regression models, providers who reported moderate or major structural problems were more likely to report low skillfulness in identifying patient mistrust (aOR: 2...
2018: Journal of Health Care for the Poor and Underserved
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