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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643884/learning-climate-and-feedback-as-predictors-of-dental-students-self-determined-motivation-the-mediating-role-of-basic-psychological-needs-satisfaction
#1
C Orsini, V Binnie, S Wilson, M J Villegas
AIM: The aim of this study was to test the mediating role of the satisfaction of dental students' basic psychological needs of autonomy, competence and relatedness on the association between learning climate, feedback and student motivation. The latter was based on the self-determination theory's concepts of differentiation of autonomous motivation, controlled motivation and amotivation. METHODS: A cross-sectional correlational study was conducted where 924 students completed self-reported questionnaires measuring motivation, perception of the learning climate, feedback and basic psychological needs satisfaction...
June 23, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28643270/ethnic-disparities-of-perceived-safety-climate-among-construction-workers-in-georgia-2015
#2
Michael Welton, David DeJoy, Maria Eugenia Castellanos, Mark Ebell, Ye Shen, Sara Robb
BACKGROUND: Safety climate involves worker perception about the relative importance where they work and safety climate and has been shown to be a reliable predictor of safety-related outcomes. METHODS: The primary objective of this study is to investigate ethnic differences in perceived safety climate among construction workers. Surveys (n = 179) that included a 10-item safety climate scale were administered in Athens, Georgia (GA), at local construction sites and home improvement stores during June-August, 2015...
June 22, 2017: Journal of Racial and Ethnic Health Disparities
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28634636/farmers-willingness-to-adopt-conservation-agriculture-new-evidence-from-lebanon
#3
Ali Chalak, Alexandra Irani, Jad Chaaban, Issam Bashour, Karin Seyfert, Kaitlyn Smoot, Gumataw Kifle Abebe
With increasing food insecurity and climate change, conservation agriculture has emerged as a sustainable alternative to intensive conventional agriculture as a source of food supply. Yet the adoption rate of conservation agriculture is still low. Our paper analyses the factors affecting farmers' willingness to adopt conservation agriculture in Lebanon. The findings show that household characteristics-years of farming and farm size affect conservation agriculture adoption. However, household characteristics alone were insufficient to explain conservation agriculture adoption...
June 20, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28627274/the-relation-between-aggression-and-the-living-group-climate-in-a-forensic-treatment-unit-for-adolescents-a-pilot-study
#4
An de Decker, Lisa Lemmens, Peer van der Helm, Liesbeth Bruckers, Geert Molenberghs, Sabine Tremmery
In the current study, the associations between inpatient aggression and the living group climate as perceived by the adolescents admitted to a forensic psychiatric treatment unit, are investigated based on carefully registered longitudinal data. Multilevel regression analyses revealed a significant inverse relation between the number and severity of aggressive incidents and the amount of support, as well as with the possibilities of growth perceived by the adolescents. No significant associations of aggression and the perception of repression or atmosphere are found...
June 1, 2017: International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28626463/cereal-crop-proteomics-systemic-analysis-of-crop-drought-stress-responses-towards-marker-assisted-selection-breeding
#5
REVIEW
Arindam Ghatak, Palak Chaturvedi, Wolfram Weckwerth
Sustainable crop production is the major challenge in the current global climate change scenario. Drought stress is one of the most critical abiotic factors which negatively impact crop productivity. In recent years, knowledge about molecular regulation has been generated to understand drought stress responses. For example, information obtained by transcriptome analysis has enhanced our knowledge and facilitated the identification of candidate genes which can be utilized for plant breeding. On the other hand, it becomes more and more evident that the translational and post-translational machinery plays a major role in stress adaptation, especially for immediate molecular processes during stress adaptation...
2017: Frontiers in Plant Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28618174/intraspecific-maternal-competition-induces-summer-diapause-in-insect-parasitoids
#6
Kevin Tougeron, George Hraoui, Cécile Le Lann, Joan van Baaren, Jacques Brodeur
Organisms often live in unpredictable environments and have to adopt life history strategies that optimize their fitness under these conditions. According to bet-hedging theory, individuals can reduce variation in fitness outcomes by investing in different strategies at the same time. For arthropods, facultative summer diapause enables survival during dry and hot periods of the year, and can be triggered by a decrease in resource abundance. However, the effect of resource depletion on diapause induction has never been disentangled from the effect of the perception of the presence of competitors...
June 15, 2017: Insect Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28617003/sexual-harassment-victimization-school-belonging-and-depressive-symptoms-among-lgbtq-adolescents-temporal-insights
#7
Tyler Hatchel, Dorothy L Espelage, Yuanhong Huang
Peer victimization and the associated poor outcomes among lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and questioning (LGBTQ) youth have been the focus of countless studies. School climate is a factor that has garnered significant attention. Perceptions of school contexts may even be mechanisms that define how victimization relates to poor outcomes. However, there is a lack of rigorous scholarship that could demonstrate directionality and therefore further augment our understanding of these relations. Specifically, it is not clear if victimization is strictly an antecedent to mental health issues like depressive symptoms...
June 15, 2017: American Journal of Orthopsychiatry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28612450/perception-of-emotional-climate-in-a-revolution-test-of-a-multistage-theory-of-revolution-in-the-tunisian-context
#8
Bernard Rimé, Vincent Yzerbyt, Abdelwahab Mahjoub
Participation in social movements and collective action depends upon people's capacity to perceive their societal context. We examined this question in the context of Arab Spring revolutions. In a classic theory of revolution highlighting the role of collective emotions, Brinton (1938) claimed that revolutions, far from chaos, proceed in an orderly sequence involving four stages: euphoria, degradation, terror, and restoration. The emotional climate (EC) as perceived by ordinary Tunisian citizens (2,699 women and 3,816 men) was measured during the 4 years of the Tunisian revolution...
June 13, 2017: British Journal of Social Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28609688/safe-patient-handling-behaviors-and-lift-use-among-hospital-nurses-a-cross-sectional-study
#9
Soo-Jeong Lee, Joung Hee Lee
PURPOSE: Patient handling is well known for the risk of musculoskeletal injury. Safe work practices are important to reduce risk of injury while performing patient handling tasks. This study investigated factors associated with safe patient handling behaviors and lift use among hospital nurses in the United States. METHODS: This study analyzed cross-sectional survey data from a statewide random sample of 221 hospital nurses in California who had patient handling duties...
June 11, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28603558/climate-negotiators-and-scientists-assessments-of-the-climate-negotiations
#10
Astrid Dannenberg, Sonja Zitzelsberger, Alessandro Tavoni
Climate negotiation outcomes are difficult to evaluate objectively because there are no clear reference scenarios. Subjective assessments from those directly involved in the negotiations are particularly important, as this may influence strategy and future negotiation participation. Here we analyze the perceived success of the climate negotiations in a sample of more than 600 experts involved in international climate policy. Respondents were pessimistic when asked for specific assessments of the current approach centered on voluntary pledges, but were more optimistic when asked for general assessments of the outcomes and usefulness of the climate negotiations...
June 2017: Nature Climate Change
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601312/improving-staff-perception-of-a-safety-climate-with-crew-resource-management-training
#11
SreyRam Kuy, Ramon A L Romero
BACKGROUND: Communication failure is one of the top root causes in patient safety adverse events. Crew resource management (CRM) is a team building communication process intended to improve patient safety by improving team dynamics. First, to describe implementation of CRM in a Veterans Affair (VA) surgical service. Second, to assess whether staff CRM training is related to improvement in staff perception of a safety climate. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Mandatory CRM training was implemented for all surgical service staff at a VA Hospital at 0 and 12 mo...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Surgical Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28601034/a-sequential-model-to-link-contextual-risk-perception-and-public-support-for-flood-adaptation-policy
#12
Wanyun Shao, Siyuan Xian, Ning Lin, Mitchell J Small
The economic damage from coastal flooding has dramatically increased over the past several decades, owing to rapid development in shoreline areas and possible effects of climate change. To respond to these trends, it is imperative for policy makers to understand individuals' support for flood adaptation policy. Using original survey data for all coastal counties of the United States Gulf Coast merged with contextual data on flood risk, this study investigates coastal residents' support for two adaptation policy measures: incentives for relocation and funding for educational programs on emergency planning and evacuation...
June 1, 2017: Water Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28594073/work-related-injury-factors-and-safety-climate-perception-in-truck-drivers
#13
Naomi J Anderson, Caroline K Smith, Jesse L Byrd
INTRODUCTION: The trucking industry has a high burden of work-related injuries. This study examined factors, such as safety climate perceptions, that may impact injury risk. METHOD: A random sample of 9800 commercial driver's license holders (CDL) were sent surveys, only 4360 were eligible truck drivers. Descriptive statistics and logistic regression models were developed to describe the population and identify variables associated with work-related injury. RESULTS: 2189 drivers completed the pertinent interview questions...
June 8, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28592555/genetic-dissection-of-morphometric-traits-reveals-that-phytochrome-b-affects-nucleus-size-and-heterochromatin-organization-in-arabidopsis-thaliana
#14
Basten L Snoek, Penka Pavlova, Federico Tessadori, Anton J M Peeters, Clara Bourbousse, Fredy Barneche, J Hans de Jong, Paul F Fransz, Martijn van Zanten
Microscopically visible chromatin is partitioned into two major components in Arabidopsis thaliana nuclei. Chromocenters on one hand are conspicuous foci of highly condensed 'heterochromatic' domains that contain mostly repeated sequences. On the other hand, less condensed and gene-rich 'euchromatin' emanates from these chromocenters. This differentiation, together with the dynamic nature of chromatin compaction in response to developmental and environmental stimuli, makes Arabidopsis a powerful system for studying chromatin organization and dynamics...
June 7, 2017: G3: Genes—Genomes—Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28581655/retracted-multilevel-predictors-of-math-classroom-climate-a-comparison-study-of-student-and-teacher-perceptions
#15
Ming-Te Wang, Jacquelynne S Eccles
The above article, published online on June 23, 2014 in Wiley Online Library (wileyonlinelibrary.com), has been retracted by agreement between the authors, the journal Editor-in-Chief, Nancy Guerra, and Wiley Periodicals, Inc. The retraction has been agreed upon following the discovery that this article contained inaccurate data. It came to the author's attention that the names of some of the items reported in the Measures section of the paper could not be correct because such items did not exist in the surveys...
September 2016: Journal of Research on Adolescence: the Official Journal of the Society for Research on Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28579503/effect-of-the-good-school-toolkit-on-school-staff-mental-health-sense-of-job-satisfaction-and-perceptions-of-school-climate-secondary-analysis-of-a-cluster-randomised-trial
#16
Joshua Kayiwa, Kelly Clarke, Louise Knight, Elizabeth Allen, Eddy Walakira, Sophie Namy, Katherine G Merrill, Dipak Naker, Karen Devries
The Good School Toolkit, a complex behavioural intervention delivered in Ugandan primary schools, has been shown to reduce school staff-perpetrated physical violence against students. We aimed to assess the effect of this intervention on staff members' mental health, sense of job satisfaction and perception of school climate. We analysed data from a cluster-randomised trial administered in 42 primary schools in Luwero district, Uganda. The trial was comprised of cross-sectional baseline (June/July 2012) and endline (June/July 2014) surveys among staff and students...
June 2, 2017: Preventive Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28578443/learning-environment-of-the-saudi-psychiatry-board-training-program
#17
Abdulaziz T Alshomrani, Ahmad N AlHadi
To assess the learning environment of the Saudi psychiatry board program using the Dutch Residency Educational Climate Test (D-RECT) and to explore residents' perception of different domains of the learning environment. Methods: This was a descriptive cross-sectional study. The D-RECT instrument was distributed to all residents at all training sites of the Saudi psychiatry training program. It is a reliable and valid instrument to measure educational environment at the postgraduate level. Mean scores are presented, t-tests, analysis of variance, and post hoc analysis were used to compare subgroups and pearson's correlation was used to assess relationships...
June 2017: Saudi Medical Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28574955/safety-culture-in-the-operating-room-variability-among-perioperative-healthcare-workers
#18
Marc Philip T Pimentel, Stephanie Choi, Karen Fiumara, Allen Kachalia, Richard D Urman
INTRODUCTION: Safety culture is defined as the product of individual and group values, attitudes, perceptions, competencies, and patterns of behavior that determine an organization's health and safety management. There is a lack of studies assessing patient safety culture in the perioperative setting. OBJECTIVES: We examined safety culture at a single tertiary care hospital, across all types of surgery, using previously collected data from a validated survey tool...
June 1, 2017: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562457/the-educational-climate-inventory-measuring-students-perceptions-of-the-preclerkship-and-clerkship-settings
#19
Edward Krupat, Nicole J Borges, Richard D Brower, Paul M Haidet, W Scott Schroth, Thomas J Fleenor, Sebastian Uijtdehaage
PURPOSE: To develop an instrument to assess educational climate, a critical aspect of the medical school learning environment that previous tools have not explored in depth. METHOD: Fifty items were written, capturing aspects of Dweck's performance-learning distinction, to distinguish students' perceptions of the educational climate as learning/mastery oriented (where the goal is growth and development) versus performance oriented (where the goal is appearance of competence)...
May 30, 2017: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28562260/ten-year-trends-in-bullying-and-related-attitudes-among-4th-to-12-th-graders
#20
Tracy Evian Waasdorp, Elise T Pas, Benjamin Zablotsky, Catherine P Bradshaw
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Bullying is a significant public health concern, and it has received considerable attention from the media and policymakers over the past decade, which has led some to believe that it is increasing. However, there are limited surveillance data on bullying to inform our understanding of such trends over the course of multiple years. The current study examined the prevalence of bullying and related behaviors between 2005 and 2014 and explored whether any such changes varied across schools or as a function of school-level covariates...
May 1, 2017: Pediatrics
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