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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448914/reconciling-agriculture-and-stream-restoration-in-europe-a-review-relating-to-the-eu-water-framework-directive
#1
REVIEW
H M Flávio, P Ferreira, N Formigo, J C Svendsen
Agriculture is widespread across the EU and has caused considerable impacts on freshwater ecosystems. To revert the degradation caused to streams and rivers, research and restoration efforts have been developed to recover ecosystem functions and services, with the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) playing a significant role in strengthening the progress. Analysing recent peer-reviewed European literature (2009-2016), this review explores 1) the conflicts and difficulties faced when restoring agriculturally impacted streams, 2) the aspects relevant to effectively reconcile agricultural land uses and healthy riverine ecosystems and 3) the effects and potential shortcomings of the first WFD management cycle...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447908/perceived-family-climate-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-adhd-a-study-with-a-control-group
#2
Halit Necmi Uçar, Şafak Eray, Ayşe Pınar Vural, Ömer Kocael
OBJECTIVE: In this study, our objective is to assess the perception of family environments by adolescents with ADHD based on perceived expressed emotion (EE) and the self-esteem of the adolescents. METHOD: Uludag University Medical Faculty Hospital completed this study with 41 adolescents with ADHD and 35 control group participants who were matched based on age and gender. RESULTS: The total scores of perceived EE, described as a lack of emotional support, irritability, and intrusiveness, were significantly higher in ADHD group than in the control group...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445323/examination-of-the-relationship-between-management-and-clinician-perception-of-patient-safety-climate-and-patient-satisfaction
#3
Olena Mazurenko, Jason Richter, Abby Swanson Kazley, Eric Ford
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between managers and clinicians' agreement on deeming the patient safety climate as high or low and the patients' satisfaction with those organizations. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: We used two secondary data sets: the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (2012) and the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (2012). METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: We used ordinary least squares regressions to analyze the relationship between the extent of agreement between managers and clinicians' perceptions of safety climate in relationship to patient satisfaction...
April 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442609/speaking-up-about-traditional-and-professionalism-related-patient-safety-threats-a-national-survey-of-interns-and-residents
#4
William Martinez, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Eric J Thomas, Jason M Etchegaray, Julia T Shelburne, Gerald B Hickson, Donald W Brady, Anneliese M Schleyer, Jennifer A Best, Natalie B May, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Open communication between healthcare professionals about care concerns, also known as 'speaking up', is essential to patient safety. OBJECTIVE: Compare interns' and residents' experiences, attitudes and factors associated with speaking up about traditional versus professionalism-related safety threats. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Six US academic medical centres, 2013-2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1800 medical and surgical interns and residents (47% responded)...
April 25, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28438060/perceptions-of-a-multidisciplinary-team-regarding-a-pediatric-rehabilitation-modified-needs-assessment
#5
Jannick Lavigne, Paula W Rushton, Nathalie Trudelle
BACKGROUND: Efficient service delivery models that optimize processes and human resources are required in the current health care climate. A family-centered care approach is recognized as a model that can improve the effectiveness and efficiency of pediatric rehabilitation. The objective of this study was to explore the perceptions of a multidisciplinary health care team regarding the use of the Préparation au plan d'intervention (PAPI), a modified needs assessment tool designed to facilitate a family-centered care approach among children with cerebral motor deficits (CMD) and their families...
April 25, 2017: Scandinavian Journal of Occupational Therapy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28437850/public-perception-of-uncertainties-within-climate-change-science
#6
Vivianne H M Visschers
Climate change is a complex, multifaceted problem involving various interacting systems and actors. Therefore, the intensities, locations, and timeframes of the consequences of climate change are hard to predict and cause uncertainties. Relatively little is known about how the public perceives this scientific uncertainty and how this relates to their concern about climate change. In this article, an online survey among 306 Swiss people is reported that investigated whether people differentiate between different types of uncertainty in climate change research...
April 24, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28422539/the-effect-of-nitrate-supplementation-on-cycling-performance-in-the-heat-in-well-trained-cyclists
#7
Joseph A McQuillan, Julia R Casadio, Deborah K Dulson, Paul B Laursen, Andrew E Kilding
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of NO3(-) consumption on measures of perception, thermoregulation and cycling performance in hot conditions. METHODS: Using a randomised, double-blind, crossover-design, 8 well-trained cyclists (mean ± SD: age: 25 ± 8 y, V̇O2peak: 64 ± 5 ml·kg(-1)·min(-1)) performed 2 separate trials, in hot (35°C, 60% relative humidity) environments, having ingested either 140 ml NO3(-)-rich beetroot juice ~8 mmol NO3(-) (NIT), or placebo (PLA), daily for 3-days with a 7-day washout period separating trials...
April 19, 2017: International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28398390/-a-comparison-of-the-most-used-instruments-to-assess-the-quality-of-clinical-learning-environments-of-nursing-students
#8
Raffaella Nicotera, Pietro Altini, Valerio Dimonte
. A comparison of the most used instruments to assess the quality of clinical learning environments of nursing students. INTRODUCTION: A clinical learning environment (CLE) promotes the development of professional competences, of critical and diagnostic reasoning in future nurses, thus the continuous assessment of its quality is pivotal. AIM: To describe and compare the most used instruments to measure the nursing students' perception of the quality of CLEs. METHODS: Six validated questionnaires were identified and compared: CLE (Clinical Learning Environment), CLEDI (Clinical Learning Environment Diagnostic Inventory), SECEE (Student Evaluation of Clinical Education Environment), CLEI (Clinical Learning Environment Inventory), CLES (Clinical Learning Environment and Supervision), CLES+T (Clinical Learning Environment and Supervision plus Teacher nurse)...
January 2017: Assistenza Infermieristica e Ricerca: AIR
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28371819/the-effects-of-patient-education-on-patient-safety-can-we-change-patient-perceptions-and-attitudes-lessons-from-the-armed-forces-capital-hospital-in-korea
#9
JinOk An, Seung Ju Kim, Sohee Park, Ki Tae Moon, Eun-Cheol Park
Objective: Strategies to promote patient involvement in medical error prevention have been implemented, but little is known about the effects of education on changes in perceptions and attitudes about patients' own safety. Design: We administered a survey to military personnel admitted to the Armed Forces Capital Hospital. Responses were classified according to perception and attitude. Setting: Single military hospital in Korea. Participants: A total of 483 completed surveys were included in our study; 252 of the respondents received safety education at admission...
March 28, 2017: International Journal for Quality in Health Care
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28359315/perceptions-of-malaria-control-and-prevention-in-an-era-of-climate-change-a-cross-sectional-survey-among-cdc-staff-in-china
#10
Michael Xiaoliang Tong, Alana Hansen, Scott Hanson-Easey, Scott Cameron, Jianjun Xiang, Qiyong Liu, Xiaobo Liu, Yehuan Sun, Philip Weinstein, Gil-Soo Han, Craig Williams, Peng Bi
BACKGROUND: Though there was the significant decrease in the incidence of malaria in central and southwest China during the 1980s and 1990s, there has been a re-emergence of malaria since 2000. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted amongst the staff of eleven Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) in China to gauge their perceptions regarding the impacts of climate change on malaria transmission and its control and prevention. Descriptive analysis was performed to study CDC staff's knowledge, attitudes, perceptions and suggestions for malaria control in the face of climate change...
March 31, 2017: Malaria Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28358649/organizational-context-and-female-faculty-s-perception-of-the-climate-for-women-in-academic-medicine
#11
René Carapinha, Caitlin M McCracken, Erica T Warner, Emorcia V Hill, Joan Y Reede
PURPOSE: Gender inequalities in the careers of faculty in academic medicine could partially be attributed to an organizational climate that can exclude or be nonsupportive of women faculty. This study explores the climate for women faculty from a systems perspective at the organizational and individual levels based on the perceptions of women faculty. Race differences were also investigated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional survey data from women faculty (N = 3127) at 13 purposively sampled medical schools and an institutional assessment of organizational characteristics were used...
March 30, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28344699/curricular-initiatives-that-enhance-student-knowledge-and-perceptions-of-sexual-and-gender-minority-groups-a-critical-interpretive-synthesis
#12
REVIEW
Jennifer Desrosiers, Tim Wilkinson, Gillian Abel, Suzanne Pitama
BACKGROUND: There is no accepted best practice for optimizing tertiary student knowledge, perceptions, and skills to care for sexual and gender diverse groups. The objective of this research was to synthesize the relevant literature regarding effective curricular initiatives designed to enhance tertiary level student knowledge, perceptions, and skills to care for sexual and gender diverse populations. METHODS: A modified Critical Interpretive Synthesis using a systematic search strategy was conducted in 2015...
October 2016: Canadian Medical Education Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#13
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334453/not-in-my-backyard-ccs-sites-and-public-perception-of-ccs
#14
Carola Braun
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a technology that counteracts climate change by capturing atmospheric emissions of CO2 from human activities, storing them in geological formations underground. However, CCS also involves major risks and side effects, and faces strong public opposition. The whereabouts of 408 potential CCS sites in Germany were released in 2011. Using detailed survey data on the public perception of CCS, this study quantifies how living close to a potential storage site affects the acceptance of CCS...
March 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303619/validation-of-the-practice-environment-scale-to-the-brazilian-culture
#15
Renata C Gasparino, Edinêis de B Guirardello
AIM: To validate the Brazilian version of the Practice Environment Scale. BACKGROUND: The Practice Environment Scale is a tool that evaluates the presence of characteristics that are favourable for professional nursing practice because a better work environment contributes to positive results for patients, professionals and institutions. METHOD: Methodological study including 209 nurses. Validity was assessed via a confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modelling, in which the correlations between the instrument and the following variables were tested: burnout, job satisfaction, safety climate, perception of quality of care and intention to leave the job...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300985/family-health-teams-workers-in-rio-de-janeiro-leadership-aspects-in-a-study-on-organizational-climate
#16
Leda Jung Dos Santos, Maurício Sangama Paranhos
Organizational climate is understood as the formal or informal perception of policies, practices, actions and organizational procedures, and is a factor of influence in the efficiency of the results, as well as in the conduct of people that are part of an organization. This paper describes one of organizational climate realms, namely, leadership, comparing the strata of professional categories of the Family Health Teams in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Thus, an administrative-based survey was carried out with a sample of n = 9,590 people in 187 primary healthcare units (71 Family Clinics and 116 Municipal Health Centers)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297633/nurse-perceptions-of-safety-climate-in-australian-acute-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#17
Sze-Ee Soh, Renata Morello, Sheral Rifat, Caroline Brand, Anna Barker
Objectives The aim of the present study was to explore nurse perceptions of safety climate in acute Australian hospitals.Methods Participants included 420 nurses who have worked on 24 acute wards from six Australian hospitals. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) Short Form was used to quantify nurse perceptions of safety climate and benchmarked against international data. Generalised linear mixed models were used to explore factors that may influence safety climate.Results On average, 53.5% of nurses held positive attitudes towards job satisfaction followed by teamwork climate (50...
March 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290740/effects-of-school-based-physical-activity-program-on-students-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-perceptions-of-physical-competence
#18
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: The study examined the effects of school-based program on students' self-reported moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical competence, and associated links to gender, grade, body mass index, and physical education assessments. METHODS: Participants were 240 middle school students (143 intervention, 97 control) from three small cities in North-East Finland. The intervention group received task-involving climate support in physical education classes and additional physical activities during school days across one year...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283973/how-hard-they-hit-perception-adaptation-and-public-health-implications-of-heat-waves-in-urban-and-peri-urban-pakistan
#19
Sara Rauf, Khuda Bakhsh, Azhar Abbas, Sarfraz Hassan, Asghar Ali, Harald Kächele
Heat waves threaten human health given the fast changing climatic scenarios in the recent past. Adaptation to heat waves would take place when people perceive their impacts based on their knowledge. The present study examines perception level and its determinants resulting in adaptation to heat waves in Pakistan. The study used cross-sectional data from urban and peri-urban respondents of Faisalabad District. The study employs a health belief model to assess risk perception among the respondents. Logistic model is used to determine factors affecting level of knowledge, perception and adaptation to heat waves...
March 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283758/outdoor-thermal-comfort-in-public-space-in-warm-humid-guayaquil-ecuador
#20
Erik Johansson, Moohammed Wasim Yahia, Ivette Arroyo, Christer Bengs
The thermal environment outdoors affects human comfort and health. Mental and physical performance is reduced at high levels of air temperature being a problem especially in tropical climates. This paper deals with human comfort in the warm-humid city of Guayaquil, Ecuador. The main aim was to examine the influence of urban micrometeorological conditions on people's subjective thermal perception and to compare it with two thermal comfort indices: the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) and the standard effective temperature (SET*)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
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