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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29466259/an-exploration-of-contributing-factors-to-patient-safety
#1
Inga M Zadvinskis, Pamela J Salsberry, Esther M Chipps, Emily S Patterson, Laura A Szalacha, Kathryn A Crea
One in 3 patients is estimated to experience health care-related harm during hospitalization. This descriptive, cross-sectional study used the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire to measure interprofessional staff perceptions of safety and teamwork climate and a retrospective, modified Global Trigger Tool chart review methodology to measure unit-level patient outcomes. Safety climate and teamwork did not have a statistically significant relationship with the frequency of adverse events identified by the Global Trigger Tool...
April 2018: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29461334/a-patient-safety-toolkit-for-family-practices
#2
Stephen M Campbell, Brian G Bell, Kate Marsden, Rachel Spencer, Umesh Kadam, Katherine Perryman, Sarah Rodgers, Ian Litchfield, David Reeves, Antony Chuter, Lucy Doos, Ignacio Ricci-Cabello, Paramjit Gill, Aneez Esmail, Sheila Greenfield, Sarah Slight, Karen Middleton, Jane Barnett, Michael Moore, Jose M Valderas, Aziz Sheikh, Anthony J Avery
OBJECTIVE: Major gaps remain in our understanding of primary care patient safety. We describe a toolkit for measuring patient safety in family practices. METHODS: Six tools were used in 46 practices. These tools were as follows: National Health Service Education for Scotland Trigger Tool, National Health Service Education for Scotland Medicines Reconciliation Tool, Primary Care Safequest, Prescribing Safety Indicators, Patient Reported Experiences and Outcomes of Safety in Primary Care, and Concise Safe Systems Checklist...
February 15, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29459727/farming-with-crops-and-rocks-to-address-global-climate-food-and-soil-security
#3
REVIEW
David J Beerling, Jonathan R Leake, Stephen P Long, Julie D Scholes, Jurriaan Ton, Paul N Nelson, Michael Bird, Euripides Kantzas, Lyla L Taylor, Binoy Sarkar, Mike Kelland, Evan DeLucia, Ilsa Kantola, Christoph Müller, Greg Rau, James Hansen
The magnitude of future climate change could be moderated by immediately reducing the amount of CO2 entering the atmosphere as a result of energy generation and by adopting strategies that actively remove CO2 from it. Biogeochemical improvement of soils by adding crushed, fast-reacting silicate rocks to croplands is one such CO2 -removal strategy. This approach has the potential to improve crop production, increase protection from pests and diseases, and restore soil fertility and structure. Managed croplands worldwide are already equipped for frequent rock dust additions to soils, making rapid adoption at scale feasible, and the potential benefits could generate financial incentives for widespread adoption in the agricultural sector...
February 19, 2018: Nature Plants
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29457924/factors-influencing-audiologists-perception-of-moral-climate-in-the-workplace
#4
Andrea Simpson, Kendall Phillips, Danny Wong, Sandy Clarke, Michelle Thornton
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to assess audiologists' perceptions of ethics and moral climate in the workplace. DESIGN: The Ethics Environmental Questionnaire (EEQ) was sent out to all audiologists registered with the professional body Audiology Australia. Participants were also invited to undertake a semi-structured interview. STUDY SAMPLE: A total of 301 audiologists completed the questionnaire. Eight of these participants also agreed to complete the interview...
February 19, 2018: International Journal of Audiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29435339/perceptions-regarding-utilization-of-meteorological-information-in-healthcare-in-korea-a-qualitative-study
#5
Minsu Ock, Eun Young Choi, Inbo Oh, Seok Hyeon Yun, Yoo-Keun Kim, Hyunsu Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Jiho Lee
Background: Health forecasting has been used in an attempt to provide timely and tailored meteorological information to patients and healthcare providers so that they might take appropriate actions to mitigate health risks and manage healthcare-related needs. This study examined the in-depth perceptions of healthcare providers and the general public regarding the utilization of meteorological information in the healthcare system in Korea. Methods: The COREQ (Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) checklist was applied to this study...
2018: Annals of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29432337/improving-patient-safety-culture-a-report-of-a-multifaceted-intervention
#6
Tom Basson, Alfred Montoya, Julia Neily, Lisa Harmon, Bradley V Watts
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to improve the safety culture at a Veterans Administration hospital using evidence-based approaches. METHODS: We implemented a patient safety summit with follow-up actions. We measured safety climate before and after the summit using the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) Hospital Survey of Patient Safety Culture with modifications and the Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ). The summit brought hospital leaders together to discuss patient safety topics and relate them to our hospital...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29428640/the-traffic-climate-in-china-the-mediating-effect-of-traffic-safety-climate-between-personality-and-dangerous-driving-behavior
#7
Qian Zhang, Yan Ge, Weina Qu, Kan Zhang, Xianghong Sun
Traffic safety climate is defined as road users' attitudes and perceptions of traffic in a specific context at a given point in time. The current study aimed to validate the Chinese version of the Traffic Climate Scale (TCS) and to explore its relation to drivers' personality and dangerous driving behavior. A sample of 413 drivers completed the Big Five Inventory (BFI), the Chinese version of the TCS, the Dula Dangerous Driving Index (DDDI) and a demographic questionnaire. Exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were performed to confirm a three-factor (external affective demands, internal requirements and functionality) solution of the TCS...
February 8, 2018: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29426825/patterns-of-island-change-and-persistence-offer-alternate-adaptation-pathways-for-atoll-nations
#8
Paul S Kench, Murray R Ford, Susan D Owen
Sea-level rise and climatic change threaten the existence of atoll nations. Inundation and erosion are expected to render islands uninhabitable over the next century, forcing human migration. Here we present analysis of shoreline change in all 101 islands in the Pacific atoll nation of Tuvalu. Using remotely sensed data, change is analysed over the past four decades, a period when local sea level has risen at twice the global average (~3.90 ± 0.4 mm.yr-1). Results highlight a net increase in land area in Tuvalu of 73...
February 9, 2018: Nature Communications
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29424038/workplace-related-generational-characteristics-of-nurses-a-mixed-methods-systematic-review
#9
REVIEW
S Stevanin, A Palese, V Bressan, K Vehviläinen-Julkunen, T Kvist
AIMS: Describe and summarize workplace characteristics of three nursing generations: Baby Boomers, Generations X and Y. BACKGROUND: Generational differences affect occupational well-being, nurses' performance, patient outcomes and safety; therefore, nurse managers, administrators and educators are interested increasingly in making evidence-based decisions about the multigenerational nursing workforce. DESIGN: Mixed-methods systematic review...
February 9, 2018: Journal of Advanced Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423694/attitudes-to-climate-change-perceptions-of-disaster-risk-and-mitigation-and-adaptation-behavior-in-yunlin-county-taiwan
#10
Yung-Jaan Lee, Chuan-Ming Tung, Shih-Chien Lin
Issues that are associated with climate change have global importance. Most related studies take a national or regional perspective on the impact of climate change. Taiwan is constrained by its geographical conditions, which increase its vulnerability to climate change, especially in its western coastal areas. The county that is most affected by climate change is Yunlin. In 2013-2014, projects that were sponsored by Taiwan's government analyzed the relationship among synthesized vulnerability, ecological footprint (EF) and adaptation to climate change and proposed 15 categories of synthesized vulnerability and EF values...
February 8, 2018: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29423661/health-implications-of-climate-change-a-review-of-the-literature-about-the-perception-of-the-public-and-health-professionals
#11
REVIEW
Julia Hathaway, Edward W Maibach
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Through a systematic search of English language peer-reviewed studies, we assess how health professionals and the public, worldwide, perceive the health implications of climate change. RECENT FINDINGS: Among health professionals, perception that climate change is harming health appears to be high, although self-assessed knowledge is low, and perceived need to learn more is high. Among the public, few North Americans can list any health impacts of climate change, or who is at risk, but appear to view climate change as harmful to health...
February 8, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29405802/the-motivational-climate-and-intrinsic-motivation-in-the-rehabilitation-setting
#12
Rachel E Brinkman-Majewski, Windee M Weiss
CONTEXT: The motivational climate created by the athletic trainer in rehabilitation may be critical in influencing athletes' intrinsic motivation and other psychosocial outcomes in the rehabilitation and the recovery process. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to examine intercollegiate athletes' perceptions of the motivational climate in the rehabilitation setting. Specifically, examining if perceptions of the motivational climate can predict athletes' levels of intrinsic motivation with rehabilitation as well as the relationship between perceptions of the motivational climate and athlete demographics (gender, starter status, athletic trainer gender, etc)...
February 6, 2018: Journal of Sport Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29400149/10-year-study-of-christian-church-support-for-domestic-violence-victims-2005-2015
#13
Barbara Zust, Breanna Flicek, Katie Moses, Courtney Schubert, Jessica Timmerman
Religious beliefs play a significant role in the lives of victims of domestic violence. Victims find strength in their faith and would rather endure the violence at all costs to keep a family or a marriage together, than to compromise their faith by leaving. PURPOSE: This 10 -year study explored the climate of support for victims of domestic violence among Christian clergy and church members between 2005 and 2015. METHOD: Using a convenience sample, surveys were sent out to congregations in the Upper Midwest in 2005 and 2015...
February 1, 2018: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29398897/perceptions-of-severe-storms-climate-change-ecological-structures-and-resiliency-three-years-post-hurricane-sandy-in-new-jersey
#14
Joanna Burger, Michael Gochfeld
Global warming is leading to increased frequency and severity of storms that are associated with flooding, increasing the risk to urban, coastal populations. This study examined perceptions of the relationship between severe storms, sea level rise, climate change and ecological barriers by a vulnerable environmental justice population in New Jersey. Patients using New Jersey's Federally Qualified Health Centers were interviewed after Hurricane [Superstorm] Sandy because it is essential to understand the perceptions of uninsured, underinsured, and economically challenged people to better develop a resiliency strategy for the most vulnerable people...
December 2017: Urban Ecosystems
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29390999/organizational-factors-associated-with-readiness-for-change-in-residential-aged-care-settings
#15
Kathryn von Treuer, Gery Karantzas, Marita McCabe, David Mellor, Anastasia Konis, Tanya E Davison, Daniel O'Connor
BACKGROUND: Organizational change is inevitable in any workplace. Previous research has shown that leadership and a number of organizational climate and contextual variables can affect the adoption of change initiatives. The effect of these workplace variables is particularly important in stressful work sectors such as aged care where employees work with challenging older clients who frequently exhibit dementia and depression. METHODS: This study sought to examine the effect of organizational climate and leadership variables on organizational readiness for change across 21 residential aged care facilities...
February 1, 2018: BMC Health Services Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29377534/the-five-attributes-of-a-supportive-midwifery-practice-climate-a-review-of-the-literature
#16
REVIEW
E Brie Thumm, Linda Flynn
INTRODUCTION: A supportive work climate is associated with decreased burnout and attrition, and increased job satisfaction and employee health. A review of the literature was conducted in order to determine the unique attributes of a supportive practice climate for midwives. METHODS: The midwifery literature was reviewed and synthesized using concept analysis technique guided by literature from related professions. The search was conducted primarily in PubMed, CINAHL, Web of Science, and Google Scholar...
January 27, 2018: Journal of Midwifery & Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363472/dimensions-of-parenting-styles-social-climate-and-bullying-victims-in-primary-and-secondary-education
#17
Fuensanta Cerezo, Cecilia Ruiz-Esteban, Consuelo Sánchez Lacasa, Julián J Arense Gonzalo
BACKGROUND: Bullying as a construct is found to be related to a variety of individual, parental and academic factors. Familial factors include family environment, parenting style and parental involvement. The main aim of this study is to find out how Primary and Secondary Education students perceive parenting styles and social climate and if there are differences between pupils from these two educational stages. The study also considers the relationship between these perceptions of bullying victims and certain peer socio-affective factors...
February 2018: Psicothema
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29363393/safety-climate-among-nontraditional-workers-in-construction-arguing-for-a-focus-on-construed-external-safety-image
#18
Emily Stiehl, Linda Forst
Safety climate, employees' perceptions of work-related safety, 1 has been promoted as a leading indicator of workplace safety in construction. 2 , 3 While research has primarily examined internal organizational sources (e.g., manager attitudes, formal organizational policies) on these perceptions, external sources of information might be more relevant to construction workers in nontraditional jobs who work for a limited time and/or have limited interaction with other employees. This paper argues for the future development of a construed external safety image scale to measure employees' perceptions about how external groups view their organization's safety...
January 1, 2018: New Solutions: a Journal of Environmental and Occupational Health Policy: NS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29335771/risk-perception-of-heat-waves-and-its-spatial-variation-in-nanjing-china
#19
Lei Huang, Qianqi Yang, Jie Li, Jin Chen, Ruoying He, Can Zhang, Kai Chen, Steven Guanpeng Dong, Yang Liu
The intensity, frequency, and duration of heat waves are expected to increase with climate change. In this study, we found a significant difference of public perceived effects of heat waves and trust in government among urban, suburban, and rural districts. Rural residents had a significant higher effect perception than urbanites and also showed stronger willingness to have medical insurance or regular physical examinations. Meanwhile, suburban residents had the lowest trust perception in government among these three districts, which may be due to suburban districts' unique social structure and complex social issues...
December 13, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29334826/patient-safety-culture-in-out-of-hours-primary-care-services-in-the-netherlands-a-cross-sectional-survey
#20
Marleen Smits, Ellen Keizer, Paul Giesen, Ellen Catharina Tveter Deilkås, Dag Hofoss, Gunnar Tschudi Bondevik
OBJECTIVE: To examine patient safety culture in Dutch out-of-hours primary care using the safety attitudes questionnaire (SAQ) which includes five factors: teamwork climate, safety climate, job satisfaction, perceptions of management and communication openness. DESIGN: Cross-sectional observational study using an anonymous web-survey. Setting Sixteen out-of-hours general practitioner (GP) cooperatives and two call centers in the Netherlands. Subjects Primary healthcare providers in out-of-hours services...
January 15, 2018: Scandinavian Journal of Primary Health Care
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