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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28527372/dreams-deferred-contextualizing-the-health-and-psychosocial-needs-of-undocumented-asian-and-pacific-islander-young-adults-in-northern-california
#1
May Sudhinaraset, Irving Ling, Tu My To, Jason Melo, Thu Quach
There are currently 1.5 million undocumented Asians and Pacific Islanders (APIs) in the US. Undocumented API young adults, in particular, come of age in a challenging political and social climate, but little is known about their health outcomes. To our knowledge, this is the first study to assess the psychosocial needs and health status of API undocumented young adults. Guided by social capital theory, this qualitative study describes the social context of API undocumented young adults (ages 18-31), including community and government perceptions, and how social relationships influence health...
May 10, 2017: Social Science & Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28524886/fungal-keratitis-in-the-republic-of-ireland
#2
S Farrell, E McElnea, S Moran, S Knowles, C C Murphy
PurposeFungal keratitis is relatively rare in temperate climates with only one previous population-based study, which reported a minimum annual incidence of 0.32 per million population in the United Kingdom. We performed a nationwide study in the Republic of Ireland of cases over a 6-year period to establish the incidence, risk factors, treatment, and outcomes of fungal keratitis.Patients and methodsAll corneal scraping specimens positive for fungal species over a 6-year period were identified at the microbiology departments of the seven main ophthalmology units in the Republic of Ireland...
May 19, 2017: Eye
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28507356/school-going-adolescents-perception-of-family-climate-and-mental-problems-results-from-kocaeli-turkey
#3
Safak Eray, Ayse Pinar Vural, Deniz Sigirli
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the association between the perception of expressed emotion and psychopathology of school-going adolescents in a non-clinical sample. METHODS: The cross-sectional field study was conducted in Kocaeli, Turkey, and comprised high-school students during the 2014-15 school years. Data was collected using the Information Collection Form, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire and Shortened Level of Expressed Emotion Scale. SPSS 21 was used for data analysis...
May 2017: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28505056/relationship-between-psychological-safety-and-reporting-nonadherence-to-a-safety-checklist
#4
Heather M Gilmartin, Paula Langner, Madhura Gokhale, Katerine Osatuke, Rachael Hasselbeck, Thomas M Maddox, Catherine Battaglia
Patient safety checklists are ubiquitous in health care. Nurses bear significant responsibility for ensuring checklist adherence. To report nonadherence to a checklist and stop an unsafe procedure, a workplace climate of psychological safety is needed. Thus, an analysis of organizational data was conducted to examine the relationship between psychological safety and reports of nonadherence to the central line bundle checklist. Results showed varied perceptions of psychological safety but no relationship with nonadherence...
May 12, 2017: Journal of Nursing Care Quality
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28504872/comparing-student-and-staff-perceptions-of-the-educational-climate-in-spanish-dental-schools-using-the-dundee-ready-education-environment-measure
#5
I Tomás, A Aneiros, M A Casares-de-Cal, V Quintas, I Prada-López, C Balsa-Castro, L Ceballos, G Gómez-Moreno, C Llena, P López-Jornet, M C Machuca, J Palés
OBJECTIVE: To compare the perceptions of students and teachers of the "Educational Climate" (EC) in Spanish public dental schools. METHODS: A group of 1064 students and 354 teachers from six Spanish public dental schools responded to the DREEM questionnaire. This has 50 items grouped into five subscales: perception of learning (Learning); perception of teachers (Teachers); academic self-perceptions (Academic); perception of the atmosphere in the faculty (Atmosphere); and social self-perceptions (Social)...
May 15, 2017: European Journal of Dental Education: Official Journal of the Association for Dental Education in Europe
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497991/medical-students-professional-development-as-educators-revealed-through-reflections-on-their-teaching-following-a-students-as-teachers-course
#6
Michelle H Yoon, Benjamin C Blatt, Larrie W Greenberg
Phenomenon: Teaching is an important part of the tri-partite mission of every medical center. Although teaching often is given lower priority and recognition as opposed to patient care and/or research, this activity for many physicians in academic medicine ranks second to their patient care responsibilities. Medical teacher training has traditionally been aimed at faculty and residents through faculty development initiatives, continuing education for physicians at professional conferences, formalized degree or certificate programs in education, and residents as teachers programs...
May 12, 2017: Teaching and Learning in Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28497276/thermal-perception-thresholds-among-workers-in-a-cold-climate
#7
Lage Burström, Bodil Björ, Tohr Nilsson, Hans Pettersson, Ingemar Rödin, Jens Wahlström
PURPOSE: To investigate whether exposure to cold could influence the thermal perception thresholds in a working population. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was comprised of 251 males and females and was carried out at two mines in the northern part of Norway and Sweden. The testing included a baseline questionnaire, a clinical examination and measurements of thermal perception thresholds, on both hands, the index (Digit 2) and little (Digit 5) fingers, for heat and cold...
May 11, 2017: International Archives of Occupational and Environmental Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28488107/long-term-perceptions-of-outdoor-thermal-environments-in-an-elementary-school-in-a-hot-humid-climate
#8
Wen-Mei Shih, Tzu-Ping Lin, Ning-Xin Tan, Mu-Hsien Liu
Previous studies on thermal comfort in school environments have focused more on indoor thermal environments than outdoor ones, thus providing a limited understanding of occupants' long-term thermal perceptions. Taiwan is located in a subtropical region, where it can be stiflingly hot outside in summer. This highlights the need to ensure proper thermal comfort on campus. In the present study, thermal environment parameters were measured and collected in several outdoor spaces of an elementary school in southern Taiwan...
May 10, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28486803/study-of-volatile-compounds-of-virgin-olive-oils-with-frostbitten-olives-sensory-defect
#9
Inmaculada Romero, Diego Luis Garcia-Gonzalez, Ramon Aparicio-Ruiz, Maria Teresa Morales
The freeze injuries in olives are responsible for the 'frostbitten olives' sensory defect that is sometimes detected in virgin olive oil. This defect is becoming one of the most common negative attributes today because the climate change has modified the weather patterns. The temperature changes can take place abruptly, with rapid freeze-thaw cycles, or gradually. These changes produce significant alterations in the quality of the oils. This study analyzed the volatile composition of virgin olive oils characterized with 'frostbitten olives' defect...
May 10, 2017: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28485525/associations-between-safety-climate-and-safety-management-practices-in-the-construction-industry
#10
Luz S Marín, Hester Lipscomb, Manuel Cifuentes, Laura Punnett
BACKGROUND: Safety climate, a group-level measure of workers' perceptions regarding management's safety priorities, has been suggested as a key predictor of safety outcomes. However, its relationship with actual injury rates is inconsistent. We posit that safety climate may instead be a parallel outcome of workplace safety practices, rather than a determinant of workers' safety behaviors or outcomes. METHODS: Using a sample of 25 commercial construction companies in Colombia, selected by injury rate stratum (high, medium, low), we examined the relationship between workers' safety climate perceptions and safety management practices (SMPs) reported by safety officers...
May 9, 2017: American Journal of Industrial Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28484305/moral-stress-and-job-burnout-among-frontline-staff-conducting-clinical-research-on-affective-and-anxiety-disorders
#11
Adam L Fried, Celia B Fisher
There has been increased attention on job-related stress and burnout experienced by clinicians working with vulnerable and at-risk populations, including effects on personal mental health, therapeutic decision-making, and job effectiveness. Little is known, however, about the job-related stressors and symptoms of burnout experienced by clinical research staff working with similar populations, especially in terms of moral stress they may experience when adherence to scientific procedures appears to conflict with their personal commitment to address the clinical needs of their research participants or role as health care provider...
June 2016: Professional Psychology, Research and Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28480567/weather-as-a-risk-factor-for-epileptic-seizures-a-case-crossover-study
#12
Florian Rakers, Mario Walther, Rene Schiffner, Sven Rupprecht, Marius Rasche, Michael Kockler, Otto W Witte, Peter Schlattmann, Matthias Schwab
OBJECTIVE: Most epileptic seizures occur unexpectedly and independently of known risk factors. We aimed to evaluate the clinical significance of patients' perception that weather is a risk factor for epileptic seizures. METHODS: Using a hospital-based, bidirectional case-crossover study, 604 adult patients admitted to a large university hospital in Central Germany for an unprovoked epileptic seizure between 2003 and 2010 were recruited. The effect of atmospheric pressure, relative air humidity, and ambient temperature on the onset of epileptic seizures under temperate climate conditions was estimated...
May 8, 2017: Epilepsia
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28476345/the-perception-of-the-patient-safety-climate-by-professionals-of-the-emergency-department
#13
Mayara Carvalho Godinho Rigobello, Rhanna Emanuela Fontenele Lima de Carvalho, Juliana Magalhães Guerreiro, Ana Paula Gobbo Motta, Elizabeth Atila, Fernanda Raphael Escobar Gimenes
AIM: The aim of this study was to assess the patient safety climate from the perspective of healthcare professionals working in the emergency department of a hospital in Brazil. BACKGROUND: Emergency departments are complex and dynamic environments. They are prone to adverse events that compromise the quality of care provided and reveal the importance of patient safety culture and climate. METHODS: This was a quantitative, descriptive, cross-sectional study...
May 2, 2017: International Emergency Nursing
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28475930/adolescent-cybervictimization-who-they-turn-to-and-their-perceived-school-climate
#14
A M Veiga Simão, P Costa Ferreira, I Freire, A P Caetano, M J Martins, C Vieira
The purpose of this study was to understand how adolescent cybervictims perceive their school climate and whether telling school community members, such as teachers, play a significant role in these perceptions. Another objective was to understand whether age and gender played a significant role in the relation between whom cybervictims told and their perceived school climate. The Cybervictims Scale for Adolescents and Children and the Perceived School Climate Scale were applied to 3525 Portuguese students of whom 218 were cybervictims attending 6th, 8th(,) and 11th grades...
May 2, 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28474814/perceived-indoor-air-quality-and-its-relationship-to-air-pollutants-in-french-dwellings
#15
Sarka Langer, Olivier Ramalho, Eline Le Ponner, Mickaël Derbez, Severine Kirchner, Corinne Mandin
Perception of indoor air quality (PIAQ) was evaluated in a nationwide survey of 567 French dwellings, and this survey was combined with measurements of gaseous and particulate matter (PM10 and PM2.5 ) indoor air pollutants and indoor climate parameters. The perception was assessed on a nine-grade scale by both the occupants of the dwellings and the inspectors who performed the measurements. The occupants perceived the air quality in their homes as more pleasant than the inspectors. The inspectors perceived the air quality as more unpleasant in dwellings in which the residents smoked indoors...
May 5, 2017: Indoor Air
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28471971/effects-of-rational-emotive-occupational-health-therapy-intervention-on-the-perceptions-of-organizational-climate-and-occupational-risk-management-practices-among-electronics-technology-employees-in-nigeria
#16
Theresa Chinyere Ogbuanya, Chiedu Eseadi, Chibueze Tobias Orji, Moses Onyemaechi Ede, Ifeanyi Benedict Ohanu, Jimoh Bakare
BACKGROUND: Improving employees' perception of organizational climate, and coaching them to remain steadfast when managing occupational risks associated with their job, might have an important effect on their psychosocial wellbeing and occupational health. This study examined the effects of a rational emotive occupational health therapy intervention program on the perceptions of organizational climate and occupational risk management practices. METHODS: The participants were 77 electronics technology employees in the south-east of Nigeria...
May 2017: Medicine (Baltimore)
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28448914/reconciling-agriculture-and-stream-restoration-in-europe-a-review-relating-to-the-eu-water-framework-directive
#17
REVIEW
H M Flávio, P Ferreira, N Formigo, J C Svendsen
Agriculture is widespread across the EU and has caused considerable impacts on freshwater ecosystems. To revert the degradation caused to streams and rivers, research and restoration efforts have been developed to recover ecosystem functions and services, with the European Water Framework Directive (WFD) playing a significant role in strengthening the progress. Analysing recent peer-reviewed European literature (2009-2016), this review explores 1) the conflicts and difficulties faced when restoring agriculturally impacted streams, 2) the aspects relevant to effectively reconcile agricultural land uses and healthy riverine ecosystems and 3) the effects and potential shortcomings of the first WFD management cycle...
April 24, 2017: Science of the Total Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28447908/perceived-family-climate-and-self-esteem-in-adolescents-with-adhd-a-study-with-a-control-group
#18
Halit Necmi Uçar, Şafak Eray, Ayşe Pınar Vural, Ömer Kocael
OBJECTIVE: In this study, our objective is to assess the perception of family environments by adolescents with ADHD based on perceived expressed emotion (EE) and the self-esteem of the adolescents. METHOD: Uludag University Medical Faculty Hospital completed this study with 41 adolescents with ADHD and 35 control group participants who were matched based on age and gender. RESULTS: The total scores of perceived EE, described as a lack of emotional support, irritability, and intrusiveness, were significantly higher in ADHD group than in the control group...
April 1, 2017: Journal of Attention Disorders
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28445323/examination-of-the-relationship-between-management-and-clinician-perception-of-patient-safety-climate-and-patient-satisfaction
#19
Olena Mazurenko, Jason Richter, Abby Swanson Kazley, Eric Ford
PURPOSE: The aim of this study was to explore the relationship between managers and clinicians' agreement on deeming the patient safety climate as high or low and the patients' satisfaction with those organizations. DATA SOURCES/STUDY SETTING: We used two secondary data sets: the Hospital Survey on Patient Safety Culture (2012) and the Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (2012). METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: We used ordinary least squares regressions to analyze the relationship between the extent of agreement between managers and clinicians' perceptions of safety climate in relationship to patient satisfaction...
April 25, 2017: Health Care Management Review
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28442609/speaking-up-about-traditional-and-professionalism-related-patient-safety-threats-a-national-survey-of-interns-and-residents
#20
William Martinez, Lisa Soleymani Lehmann, Eric J Thomas, Jason M Etchegaray, Julia T Shelburne, Gerald B Hickson, Donald W Brady, Anneliese M Schleyer, Jennifer A Best, Natalie B May, Sigall K Bell
BACKGROUND: Open communication between healthcare professionals about care concerns, also known as 'speaking up', is essential to patient safety. OBJECTIVE: Compare interns' and residents' experiences, attitudes and factors associated with speaking up about traditional versus professionalism-related safety threats. DESIGN: Anonymous, cross-sectional survey. SETTING: Six US academic medical centres, 2013-2014. PARTICIPANTS: 1800 medical and surgical interns and residents (47% responded)...
April 25, 2017: BMJ Quality & Safety
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