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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28816471/how-much-will-the-sea-level-rise-outcome-selection-and-subjective-probability-in-climate-change-predictions
#1
Marie Juanchich, Miroslav Sirota
We tested whether people focus on extreme outcomes to predict climate change and assessed the gap between the frequency of the predicted outcome and its perceived probability while controlling for climate change beliefs. We also tested 2 cost-effective interventions to reduce the preference for extreme outcomes and the frequency-probability gap by manipulating the probabilistic format: numerical or dual-verbal-numerical. In 4 experiments, participants read a scenario featuring a distribution of sea level rises, selected a sea rise to complete a prediction (e...
August 17, 2017: Journal of Experimental Psychology. Applied
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28810683/evaluating-the-physiological-and-perceptual-responses-of-wearing-a-newly-designed-cooling-vest-for-construction-workers
#2
Yijie Zhao, Wen Yi, Albert P C Chan, Francis K W Wong, Michael C H Yam
Construction workers are subjected to heat stress because of the hot environment, physically demanding tasks, and/or personal protective equipment. A tailor-made cooling vest that protects construction workers from heat-related injuries was developed. The purpose of the study is to examine a newly designed cooling vest's effectiveness in alleviating physiological and perceptual strain in a hot and humid environment. Twelve male participants performed two trials, i.e., cooling vest (VEST) and control (CON) in a climatic chamber controlled at 37°C temperature, 60% relative humidity, 0...
August 1, 2017: Annals of Work Exposures and Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28806943/gender-differences-and-similarities-in-medical-students-experiences-of-mistreatment-by-various-groups-of-perpetrators
#3
Heidi Siller, Gloria Tauber, Nikola Komlenac, Margarethe Hochleitner
BACKGROUND: Mistreatment of medical students during medical education is a widespread concern. Studies have shown that medical students report the most mistreatment compared to students of other study programs and that the prevalence of mistreatment peaks during clinical training. For this reason, a study was conducted to assess prevalence of mistreatment among medical students committed by various groups of people. The focus was to identify whether gender was associated with the experience of mistreatment...
August 14, 2017: BMC Medical Education
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28800516/repetitive-vs-occasional-non-suicidal-self-injury-and-school-related-factors-among-israeli-high-school-students
#4
Nir Madjar, Gil Zalsman, Tal Reshef Ben Mordechai, Gal Shoval
The current study explored the relationship between non-suicidal self-injuries (NSSI) and students' perceptions of school among adolescents. A sample of 594 high-school students (54.4% male; mean age 14.96) completed validated self-reported measures. Students were divided into three groups: repetitive-NSSI (more than 6 occasions), occasional-NSSI (at least once but less than 6), and no-NSSI. Multi-nominal regression, controlling for gender, age, and depression symptoms, indicated that teachers' psychological support, a sense of school belongingness, and negative perceptions of peer climate were significantly different between repetitive-NSSI and non-NSSI groups...
July 31, 2017: Psychiatry Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28789677/cold-adaptation-aging-and-korean-women-divers-haenyeo
#5
REVIEW
Joo-Young Lee, Joonhee Park, Siyeon Kim
BACKGROUND: We have been studying the thermoregulatory responses of Korean breath-hold women divers, called haenyeo, in terms of aging and cold adaptation. During the 1960s to the 1980s, haenyeos received attention from environmental physiologists due to their unique ability to endure cold water while wearing only a thin cotton bathing suit. However, their overall cold-adaptive traits have disappeared since they began to wear wetsuits and research has waned since the 1980s. For social and economic reasons, the number of haenyeos rapidly decreased to 4005 in 2015 from 14,143 in 1970 and the average age of haenyeos is about 75 years old at present...
August 8, 2017: Journal of Physiological Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28770557/unregistered-health-care-staff-s-perceptions-of-12%C3%A2-hour-shifts-an-interview-study
#6
Louise Thomson, Justine Schneider, Laurie Hare Duke
AIM: The purpose of the study was to explore unregistered health care staff's perceptions of 12 hour shifts on work performance and patient care. BACKGROUND: Many unregistered health care staff work 12 hour shifts, but it is unclear whether these are compatible with good quality care or work performance. METHOD: Twenty five health care assistants from a range of care settings with experience of working 12 hour shifts took part in interviews or focus groups...
August 2, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28769838/school-achievement-and-performance-in-chilean-high-schools-the-mediating-role-of-subjective-wellbeing-in-school-related-evaluations
#7
Verónica López, Juan C Oyanedel, Marian Bilbao, Javier Torres, Denise Oyarzún, Macarena Morales, Paula Ascorra, Claudia Carrasco
School achievement gaps and school failure are problematic issues in Latin America, and are mainly explained by the socio-economic status (SES) of the students. What schools can do to improve school achievement and reduce school failure is a critical issue, both for school management and teacher training. In this study, we present the association of individual and school-related socio-emotional variables with school achievement and performance, controlling for the effects of SES. A probabilistic sample of 4,964 students, drawn from 191 schools enrolled in year 10 in urban areas of Chile, answered questionnaires assessing subjective wellbeing, social wellbeing in school, school climate, school social wellbeing and students' perceptions of teachers' wellbeing...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28763471/modeling-perceptions-of-climatic-risk-in-crop-production
#8
Evelyn Reinmuth, Phillip Parker, Joachim Aurbacher, Petra Högy, Stephan Dabbert
In agricultural production, land-use decisions are components of economic planning that result in the strategic allocation of fields. Climate variability represents an uncertainty factor in crop production. Considering yield impact, climatic influence is perceived during and evaluated at the end of crop production cycles. In practice, this information is then incorporated into planning for the upcoming season. This process contributes to attitudes toward climate-induced risk in crop production. In the literature, however, the subjective valuation of risk is modeled as a risk attitude toward variations in (monetary) outcomes...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28757649/greater-engagement-among-members-of-gay-straight-alliances-individual-and-structural-contributors
#9
V Paul Poteat, Nicholas C Heck, Hirokazu Yoshikawa, Jerel P Calzo
Using youth program models to frame the study of Gay-Straight Alliances (GSAs), we identified individual and structural predictors of greater engagement in these settings with a cross-sectional sample of 295 youth in 33 GSAs from the 2014 Massachusetts GSA Network Survey (69% LGBQ, 68% cisgen-der female, 68% White, Mage = 16.07). Multilevel modeling results indicated that members who perceived more support/socializing from their GSA, had more LGB friends, were longer serving members, and were in GSAs with more open and respectful climates reported greater engagement...
December 2016: American Educational Research Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28755775/a-systematic-review-of-the-relationship-between-staff-perceptions-of-organizational-readiness-to-change-and-the-process-of-innovation-adoption-in-substance-misuse-treatment-programs
#10
Peter Kelly, Josephine Hegarty, Joe Barry, Kyle R Dyer, Aine Horgan
Translating innovation, such as contemporary research evidence, into policy and practice is a challenge, not just in substance misuse treatment programs, but across all spheres of healthcare. Organizational readiness to change (ORC) has been described as a fundamental concept, and an important determinant of the process of innovation adoption. The aim of this review was to describe the relationship between staff perceptions of ORC and the process of innovation adoption: exposure, adoption, implementation and integration into practice, in substance misuse treatment programs...
September 2017: Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28754017/development-and-validation-of-a-behavioural-index-for-adaptation-to-high-summer-temperatures-among-urban-dwellers
#11
Pierre Valois, Denis Talbot, Maxime Caron, Marie-Pier Carrier, Alexandre J S Morin, Jean-Sébastien Renaud, Johann Jacob, Pierre Gosselin
One of the consequences of climate change is the growing number of extreme weather events, including heat waves, which have substantial impacts on the health of populations. From a public health standpoint, it is vital to ensure that people can adapt to high heat, particularly in cities where heat islands abound. Identifying indicators to include in a parsimonious index would help better differentiate individuals who adapt well to heat from those who do not adapt as well. This study aimed at developing and validating a summer heat adaptation index for residents of the 10 largest cities in the province of Québec, Canada...
July 21, 2017: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752834/individual-and-social-variables-and-their-effect-on-case-care-manager-job-satisfaction-an-exploratory-study
#12
Chiara Cosentino, Morena Bettuzzi, Giulia Campioli, Valeria Di Marco, Giulia Giacopuzzi, Ivana Marinoni, Lorenzo Orlandini, Angelo Palermo, Siria Pattacini, Giovanna Artioli
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: The Case/Care Manager (CCM) is a new position for in the Italian National Health Service scenario. Job satisfaction plays a key role for the CCM to engage in his work, accomplishing it in a complete. Nurses' job satisfaction is a complex construct and many different variables can influence it: personal characteristics, cultural characteristic, social characteristic, organizational characteristic, and environmental characteristic. The main aim of this study is to assess the job satisfaction in a sample of CCM and to assess if and how Social Variables (organizational climate and health) and Individual (socio-demographic variables, coping strategies, emotion regulation) relate to the CCM job satisfaction...
July 18, 2017: Acta Bio-medica: Atenei Parmensis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28752744/trends-in-perception-of-psychosocial-school-environment-hbsc-study-2002-2014-in-the-czech-republic
#13
Jana Vašíčková, Tomáš Hollein, Erik Sigmund, Ferdinand Salonna, Zuzana Boberová
OBJECTIVE: School is a place where students spend most of their daytime hours. Previous studies indicate that the class climate significantly affects students in both positive and negative ways. The aim of our study is to describe the trends in the psychosocial school environment based on four surveyed years in the Czech Republic. METHODS: The trends in perception of school were assessed by the standardised self-reported HBSC questionnaire from data collected in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014...
July 2017: Central European Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28729839/the-effect-of-low-ambient-relative-humidity-on-physical-performance-and-perceptual-responses-during-load-carriage
#14
Igor B Mekjavic, Ursa Ciuha, Mikael Grönkvist, Ola Eiken
Introduction: The study evaluated the effect of low ambient relative humidity on physical performance and perceptual responses during load carriage in a hot environment. Methods: Ten heat-unacclimatized male subjects participated in three 130-min trials, during which they walked on a treadmill, carrying a load of ~35 kg, at a speed of 3.2 km.h(-1), with an incident wind at the same velocity and ambient temperature at 45°C. Each trial commenced with a 10-min baseline at 20°C and 50% relative humidity (RH), the subjects transferred to a climatic chamber and commenced their simulated hike, comprising two 50-min walks separated by a 20-min rest period...
2017: Frontiers in Physiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28727627/associations-of-organizational-safety-practices-and-culture-with-physical-workload-perceptions-about-work-and-work-related-injury-and-symptoms-among-hospital-nurses
#15
Soo-Jeong Lee, Joung Hee Lee
OBJECTIVE: The study aim was to examine the relationships of organizational safety practices with nurses' perceptions about job and risk and experiences of work-related injury and symptoms. BACKGROUND: Nursing professions report high rates of work-related injuries. Organizational safety practices have been linked to workers' safety outcomes and perceptions about work. METHODS: This study analyzed data from a random sample of 280 California RNs in a cross-sectional statewide survey...
July 2017: Journal of Nursing Administration
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28721393/making-workplaces-safer-the-influence-of-organisational-climate-and-individual-differences-on-safety-behaviour
#16
Michelle Ann Toppazzini, Karl Kilian Konrad Wiener
Current work health and safety practices focus predominately on fostering a safety climate to promote safety behaviours and reduce workplace accidents. Despite the importance of safety climates in accident prevention, recent research has demonstrated that individual factors can also predict work safety behaviour. This study considered the importance of organisational climate together with individual characteristics including differences in personality, impulsiveness, and perceptions of safety within the workplace on safety behaviour...
June 2017: Heliyon
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28713522/the-effect-of-motivational-interviewing-based-intervention-using-self-determination-theory-on-promotion-of-physical-activity-among-women-in-reproductive-age-a-randomized-clinical-trial
#17
Seyed Saeed Mazloomy Mahmoodabad, Nooshin Rouhani Tonekaboni, Rabiollah Farmanbar, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Tahereh Kamalikhah
BACKGROUND: Physical activity (PA) prevents chronic diseases. Self-determination theory (SDT) provides a useful framework to understand the nature of motivational interviewing (MI). OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to determine the effect of MI-based intervention using SDT on the promotion of PA among women in reproductive age. METHODS: Seventy women in reproductive age were selected by clustering sampling method for this randomized controlled trial...
May 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28710809/the-uvb-photoreceptor-uvr8-mediates-accumulation-of-uv-absorbing-pigments-but-not-changes-in-plant-morphology-under-outdoor-conditions
#18
A Coffey, Els Prinsen, M A K Jansen, James Conway
UVB radiation is biologically active; in plants, it can induce a range of molecular, biochemical, morphological and developmental responses. Although much progress has been made in elucidating UVB perception and signalling pathways under controlled laboratory conditions, understanding of the adaptive, ecological role of UVB responses is still very limited. In this study, we looked at the functional role of UVR8 under outdoor light conditions, by studying growth, photosynthetic competence and accumulation of UV absorbing pigments in a mutant lacking functional UVR8 protein...
July 14, 2017: Plant, Cell & Environment
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28709013/association-of-nurse-work-environment-and-safety-climate-on-patient-mortality-a-cross-sectional-study
#19
Danielle M Olds, Linda H Aiken, Jeannie P Cimiotti, Eileen T Lake
BACKGROUND: There are two largely distinct research literatures on the association of the nurse work environment and the safety climate on patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: To determine whether hospital safety climate and work environment make comparable or distinct contributions to patient mortality. DESIGN: Cross-sectional secondary analysis of linked datasets of Registered Nurse survey responses, adult acute care discharge records, and hospital characteristics...
June 24, 2017: International Journal of Nursing Studies
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28707098/creating-environments-to-support-breastfeeding-the-challenges-and-facilitators-of-policy-development-in-hospitals-clinics-early-care-and-education-and-worksites
#20
Victoria A Bradford, Lina P Walkinshaw, Lesley Steinman, Jennifer J Otten, Kari Fisher, Amy Ellings, Jean O'Leary, Donna B Johnson
Objectives Supportive organizational breastfeeding policies can establish enabling environments for breastfeeding. In this qualitative study we identify facilitators and barriers to the development, adoption, and implementation of supportive breastfeeding policies and practices in four influential sectors for breastfeeding women: hospitals, clinics, early care and education settings, and worksites. Methods We interviewed 125 individuals representing 110 organizations in Washington State about their breastfeeding policy development and implementation process between August 2014 and February 2015...
July 13, 2017: Maternal and Child Health Journal
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