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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29048981/women-and-the-decision-to-leave-linger-or-lean-in-predictors-of-intent-to-leave-and-aspirations-to-leadership-and-advancement-in-academic-medicine
#1
Elizabeth H Ellinas, Nadya Fouad, Angela Byars-Winston
BACKGROUND: The Association of American Medical Colleges reports continued low rates of female faculty as professors and in leadership positions. While attrition and discrimination have both been proposed as explanations, recent literature has suggested that women's professional motivations, ingrained behavior, and perceptions of organizational support may also play a role. METHODS: The authors employed a series of scales informed by the turnover theory (which predicts intent to leave an organization), previously validated and used in business and engineering studies, but rarely used in academic medicine...
October 19, 2017: Journal of Women's Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29047415/transgender-women-in-malaysia-in-the-context-of-hiv-and-islam-a-qualitative-study-of-stakeholders-perceptions
#2
Sima Barmania, Syed Mohamed Aljunid
BACKGROUND: Globally, one of the key groups considered to be at high risk of acquiring HIV are transgender women, often a marginalised group. In the Malaysian context there has been a scarcity of published research relating to transgender women, a sensitive issue in a Muslim majority country, where Islam plays an influential role in society. Furthermore, there has been a paucity of research relating to how such issues relate to HIV prevention in transgender women in Malaysia. Thus, the aim of this study is to explore the attitudes of stakeholders involved in HIV prevention policy in Malaysia towards transgender women, given the Islamic context...
October 18, 2017: BMC International Health and Human Rights
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29045479/perception-of-climate-change-in-patients-with-chronic-lung-disease
#3
Jeremias Götschke, Pontus Mertsch, Michael Bischof, Nikolaus Kneidinger, Sandhya Matthes, Ellen D Renner, Konrad Schultz, Claudia Traidl-Hoffmann, Hans-Werner Duchna, Jürgen Behr, Jürgen Schmude, Rudolf M Huber, Katrin Milger
BACKGROUND: Climate change affects human health. The respective consequences are predicted to increase in the future. Patients with chronic lung disease are particularly vulnerable to the involved environmental alterations. However, their subjective perception and reactions to these alterations remain unknown. METHODS: In this pilot study, we surveyed 172 adult patients who underwent pulmonary rehabilitation and 832 adult tourists without lung disease in the alpine region about their perception of being affected by climate change and their potential reaction to specific consequences...
2017: PloS One
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29038696/exploring-the-perception-of-nursing-students-about-consequences-of-reflection-in-clinical-settings
#4
Shahnaz Karimi, Fariba Haghani, Nikoo Yamani, Majid Najafi Kalyani
BACKGROUND: Reflection on practical experiences is a key element that enables students to recognize their own strengths and weaknesses and develop nursing skills. Whilst reflection may enhance students' learning in practice, there is little evidence about nursing students' perception of the consequences of reflection in clinical settings. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to explore Iranian nursing students' perception regarding the consequences of reflection during clinical practices...
September 2017: Electronic Physician
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29031046/contributors-to-young-drivers-driving-styles-a-comparison-between-israel-and-queensland
#5
Vera Skvirsky, Orit Taubman Ben-Ari, Timothy J Greenbury, Carlo G Prato
Among the numerous factors that contribute to young novice drivers' driving styles, personality characteristics, sociodemographic variables, family atmosphere, and friends' norms are known to have an important impact. However, cross-cultural comparisons are relatively rare in the safety literature concerning young drivers. This study aimed at comparing young drivers from Israel and Queensland (Australia) and examining the contribution of personality, sociodemographic, family and friends' aspects to their driving styles (reckless and careless; hostile and angry; anxious; patient and careful)...
October 10, 2017: Accident; Analysis and Prevention
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29030755/social-ecological-system-responses-to-hurricane-sandy-in-the-hudson-raritan-estuary
#6
Megan Rothenberger, Andrea Armstrong, Mia Spitz
The impact of Hurricane Sandy on the Hudson-Raritan estuary (HRE) provided a valuable case study for exploring interactions between long-term environmental degradation, new climatic disturbance stressors, and human behavioral responses. We extend previous research on the ecological effects of major storms to compare water quality and biological parameters three years before and three years after Hurricane Sandy and consider how ecosystem shifts relate to anglers' perceptions. Results indicate that water clarity and nutrients returned to pre-storm conditions in about one year, while shifts in the biological community, including a significant increase in harmful algal species and declines in zooplankton and Atlantic menhaden, persisted for multiple years, and anglers continued to fish amidst ecosystem decline...
October 13, 2017: Ambio
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29028418/cancer-center-clinic-and-research-team-perceptions-of-identity-and-interactions
#7
Torsten Reimer, Simon J Craddock Lee, Sandra Garcia, Mary Gill, Tobi Duncan, Erin L Williams, David E Gerber
PURPOSE: Conduct of cancer clinical trials requires coordination and cooperation among research and clinic teams. Diffusion of and confusion about responsibility may occur if team members' perceptions of roles and objectives do not align. These factors are critical to the success of cancer centers but are poorly studied. METHODS: We developed a survey adapting components of the Adapted Team Climate Inventory, Measure of Team Identification, and Measure of In-Group Bias...
October 13, 2017: Journal of Oncology Practice
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/29021180/bluetongue-virus-spread-in-europe-is-a-consequence-of-climatic-landscape-and-vertebrate-host-factors-as-revealed-by-phylogeographic-inference
#8
Maude Jacquot, Kyriaki Nomikou, Massimo Palmarini, Peter Mertens, Roman Biek
Spatio-temporal patterns of the spread of infectious diseases are commonly driven by environmental and ecological factors. This is particularly true for vector-borne diseases because vector populations can be strongly affected by host distribution as well as by climatic and landscape variables. Here, we aim to identify environmental drivers for bluetongue virus (BTV), the causative agent of a major vector-borne disease of ruminants that has emerged multiple times in Europe in recent decades. In order to determine the importance of climatic, landscape and host-related factors affecting BTV diffusion across Europe, we fitted different phylogeographic models to a dataset of 113 time-stamped and geo-referenced BTV genomes, representing multiple strains and serotypes...
October 11, 2017: Proceedings. Biological Sciences
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28973820/designing-graphs-that-promote-both-risk-understanding-and-behavior-change
#9
Yasmina Okan, Eric R Stone, Wändi Bruine de Bruin
Graphs show promise for improving communications about different types of risks, including health risks, financial risks, and climate risks. However, graph designs that are effective at meeting one important risk communication goal (promoting risk-avoidant behaviors) can at the same time compromise another key goal (improving risk understanding). We developed and tested simple bar graphs aimed at accomplishing these two goals simultaneously. We manipulated two design features in graphs, namely, whether graphs depicted the number of people affected by a risk and those at risk of harm ("foreground+background") versus only those affected ("foreground-only"), and the presence versus absence of simple numerical labels above bars...
October 3, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28967842/physical-education-students-ownership-empowerment-and-satisfaction-with-pe-and-physical-activity
#10
E Whitney G Moore, Mary D Fry
Individuals experiencing a highly caring, task-involving, and low ego-involving exercise climate have reported greater ownership in exercise class and empowerment to exercise in general. PURPOSE: This study examined the relationship between ownership and empowerment in exercise, with 2 context-specific outcomes, satisfaction with physical education (PE) and physical activity, respectively. Given the mission of PE to foster individuals' lifelong physical activity habit, the perceptions of high school students were collected for this study...
October 2, 2017: Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28959519/classmate-characteristics-class-composition-and-children-s-perceived-classroom-climate
#11
Louise Persson, Mikael Svensson
AIM: A beneficial classroom climate is vital for school achievements, health, well-being, and school satisfaction. However, there is little knowledge as to how the classmate characteristics and class composition are related to the level of a perceived messy and disorderly classroom climate and whether the estimated relationships vary between different groups of children. The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between classmate characteristics as well as class composition and children's perceived classroom climate...
2017: Journal of Public Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28958433/a-sociotechnical-systems-approach-to-enhance-safety-climate-in-the-trucking-industry-development-of-a-methodology
#12
Lauren A Murphy, Michelle M Robertson, Yueng-Hsiang Huang, Susan Jeffries, Marvin J Dainoff
The systems approach is increasingly used as a framework within which to examine safety climate. Utilizing a macroergonomics approach to design work systems can help identify aspects of human-technology-organization interfaces that impact workers' perceptions of safety, both positively and negatively. Such an approach also supplements traditional uses of safety climate as a leading indicator of safety and helps expand research toward an approach that can determine problems impacting safety. The purpose of this study was to develop a methodology that extends safety climate beyond just an overall score by using the framework of macroergonomics to examine the entire system in a more comprehensive manner...
January 2018: Applied Ergonomics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28955280/political-protest-in-times-of-crisis-construction-of-new-frames-of-diagnosis-and-emotional-climate
#13
José-Manuel Sabucedo, Idaly Barreto, Gloria Seoane, Mónica Alzate, Cristina Gómez-Román, Xiana Vilas
In times of crisis, political mobilizations increase. Many of them compete to impose a determined diagnosis of the situation. This work analyses this issue, taking into consideration two of the movements that have had a greater incidence during the crisis in Spain: The Catalonian National Assembly and the Marches for dignity. The objective is to know how the categories of aggrieved ingroup and outgroup responsible were identified and how both these movements defined the emotional climate at that moment. This work includes two studies...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28951109/validation-of-a-questionnaire-measuring-transitional-patient-safety-climate-indicated-differences-in-transitional-patient-safety-climate-between-primary-and-secondary-care
#14
Marije A van Melle, Henk F van Stel, Judith M Poldervaart, Niek J de Wit, Dorien Lm Zwart
BACKGROUND: This study describes the development and validation of the TRAnsitional patient safety Climate Evaluation (TRACE) questionnaire, measuring transitional patient safety climate from the perspective of general practitioners and hospital physicians. Patient safety climate reflects the professionals' perception of the organizational patient safety culture. STUDY DESIGN AND SETTINGS: In the development of the TRACE we adjusted existing questionnaires on patient safety culture...
September 22, 2017: Journal of Clinical Epidemiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28948471/impact-of-socio-demographic-factors-on-the-mitigating-actions-for-climate-change-a-path-analysis-with-mediating-effects-of-attitudinal-variables
#15
Muhammad Mehedi Masud, Rulia Akhatr, Shamima Nasrin, Ibrahim Mohammed Adamu
Socio-demographic factors play a significant role in increasing the individual's climate change awareness and in setting a favorable individual attitude towards its mitigation. To better understand how the adversative effects of climate change can be mitigated, this study attempts to investigate the impact of socio-demographic factors on the mitigating actions of the individuals (MAOI) on climate change. Qualitative data were collected from a face-to-face survey of 360 respondents in the Kuala Lumpur region of Malaysia through a close-ended questionnaire...
September 25, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28934379/autotrophic-biorefinery-dawn-of-the-gaseous-carbon-feedstock
#16
Sai Kishore Butti, S Venkata Mohan
CO2 is a resource yet to be effectively utilized in the autotrophic biotechnology, not only to mitigate and moderate the anthropogenic influence on our climate, but also to steer CO2 sequestration for sustainable development and carbon neutral status. The atmospheric CO2 concentration has seen an exponential increase with the turn of the new millennia causing numerous environmental issues and also in a way feedstock crisis. To progressively regulate the growing CO2 concentrations and to incorporate the integration strategies to our existing CO2 capturing tools, all the influencing factors need to be collectively considered...
October 2, 2017: FEMS Microbiology Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929237/underground-anemotactic-orientation-in-leaf-cutting-ants-perception-of-airflow-and-experience-dependent-choice-of-airflow-direction-during-digging
#17
Florian Halboth, Flavio Roces
Air exchange between the large nests of Atta vollenweideri leaf-cutting ants and the environment strongly relies on a passive, wind-induced ventilation mechanism. Air moves through nest tunnels and airflow direction depends on the location of the tunnel openings on the nest mound. We hypothesized that ants might use the direction of airflow along nest tunnels as orientation cue in the context of climate control, as digging workers might prefer to broaden or to close tunnels with inflowing or outflowing air in order to regulate nest ventilation...
September 19, 2017: Die Naturwissenschaften
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28929230/defensive-medicine-among-neurosurgeons-in-the-netherlands-a-national-survey
#18
Sandra C Yan, Alexander F C Hulsbergen, Ivo S Muskens, Marjel van Dam, William B Gormley, Marike L D Broekman, Timothy R Smith
OBJECTIVE: In defensive medicine, practice is motivated by legal rather than medical reasons. Previous studies have analyzed the correlation between perceived medico-legal risk and defensive behavior among neurosurgeons in the United States, Canada, and South Africa, but not yet in Europe. The aim of this study is to explore perceived liability burdens and self-reported defensive behaviors among neurosurgeons in the Netherlands and compare their practices with their non-European counterparts...
September 20, 2017: Acta Neurochirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28899607/the-scholarly-productivity-and-work-environments-of-academic-pharmacists
#19
Shane P Desselle, Brienna Andrews, Julia Lui, G Leela Raja
BACKGROUND: Productive faculty are key to generating new knowledge and advancing pharmacy practice. The work environments of academic pharmacists are critical to their vitality, commitment, and longevity. OBJECTIVES: To (1) identify correlates of faculty scholarly productivity and teaching effectiveness, considering personal and environmental characteristics; (2) determine the relationship between a faculty's perception of organizational citizenship behaviors they witness with the organizational culture of their employing college/school of pharmacy; and (3) describe the relationship between organizational climate, job satisfaction, and commitment of academic pharmacists...
September 8, 2017: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28888431/thermal-pest-control-in-tannat-grapes-effect-on-anthocyanins-sensory-and-color-of-one-year-old-wines
#20
Taísa Ceratti Treptow, Carine Gláucia Comarella, Fernanda Wouters Franco, Eliseu Rodrigues, Fabrício Domingues, Vivian Caetano Bochi, Cláudia Kaehler Sautter
Thermal pest control (TPC) is a technology that applies heated air in the vineyard to reduce pests. However, it can also alter grape anthocyanin synthesis in answer to temperature stress. The aim of this work was to determine the impact of TPC in 'Tannat' grape vineyards on wine quality. The major makers of quality considered in this study were the wine anthocyanin characterization by HPLC-PDA-MS(n), beverage's sensory evaluation by descriptive analysis, and color parameters by instrumental analysis. A total of three experiments were performed in different harvesting years...
October 2017: Food Research International
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