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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28339420/a-pilot-study-of-a-worksite-based-participatory-intervention-program-its-acceptability-and-short-term-effects-on-work-climate-and-attitudes-in-human-service-employees
#1
Eva Charlotta Nylén, Petra Lindfors, Lars Ishäll, Sara Göransson, Gunnar Aronsson, Camilla Kylin, Magnus Sverke
BACKGROUND: Psychosocial factors, including job demands and poor resources, have been linked to stress, health problems, and negative job attitudes. However, worksite based interventions and programs targeting psychosocial factors may change employees' perceptions of their work climate and work attitudes. OBJECTIVE: This pilot study describes a newly developed worksite based participatory organizational intervention program that was tested in the social service sector...
March 23, 2017: Work: a Journal of Prevention, Assessment, and Rehabilitation
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28334453/not-in-my-backyard-ccs-sites-and-public-perception-of-ccs
#2
Carola Braun
Carbon capture and storage (CCS) is a technology that counteracts climate change by capturing atmospheric emissions of CO2 from human activities, storing them in geological formations underground. However, CCS also involves major risks and side effects, and faces strong public opposition. The whereabouts of 408 potential CCS sites in Germany were released in 2011. Using detailed survey data on the public perception of CCS, this study quantifies how living close to a potential storage site affects the acceptance of CCS...
March 23, 2017: Risk Analysis: An Official Publication of the Society for Risk Analysis
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28303619/validation-of-the-practice-environment-scale-to-the-brazilian-culture
#3
Renata C Gasparino, Edinêis de B Guirardello
AIM: To validate the Brazilian version of the Practice Environment Scale. BACKGROUND: The Practice Environment Scale is a tool that evaluates the presence of characteristics that are favourable for professional nursing practice because a better work environment contributes to positive results for patients, professionals and institutions. METHOD: Methodological study including 209 nurses. Validity was assessed via a confirmatory factor analysis using structural equation modelling, in which the correlations between the instrument and the following variables were tested: burnout, job satisfaction, safety climate, perception of quality of care and intention to leave the job...
March 17, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28300985/family-health-teams-workers-in-rio-de-janeiro-leadership-aspects-in-a-study-on-organizational-climate
#4
Leda Jung Dos Santos, Maurício Sangama Paranhos
Organizational climate is understood as the formal or informal perception of policies, practices, actions and organizational procedures, and is a factor of influence in the efficiency of the results, as well as in the conduct of people that are part of an organization. This paper describes one of organizational climate realms, namely, leadership, comparing the strata of professional categories of the Family Health Teams in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Thus, an administrative-based survey was carried out with a sample of n = 9,590 people in 187 primary healthcare units (71 Family Clinics and 116 Municipal Health Centers)...
March 2017: Ciência & Saúde Coletiva
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28297633/nurse-perceptions-of-safety-climate-in-australian-acute-hospitals-a-cross-sectional-survey
#5
Sze-Ee Soh, Renata Morello, Sheral Rifat, Caroline Brand, Anna Barker
Objectives The aim of the present study was to explore nurse perceptions of safety climate in acute Australian hospitals.Methods Participants included 420 nurses who have worked on 24 acute wards from six Australian hospitals. The Safety Attitudes Questionnaire (SAQ) Short Form was used to quantify nurse perceptions of safety climate and benchmarked against international data. Generalised linear mixed models were used to explore factors that may influence safety climate.Results On average, 53.5% of nurses held positive attitudes towards job satisfaction followed by teamwork climate (50...
March 16, 2017: Australian Health Review: a Publication of the Australian Hospital Association
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28290740/effects-of-school-based-physical-activity-program-on-students-moderate-to-vigorous-physical-activity-and-perceptions-of-physical-competence
#6
Arto Gråstén, Anthony Watt, Jarmo Liukkonen, Timo Jaakkola
BACKGROUND: The study examined the effects of school-based program on students' self-reported moderate to vigorous physical activity and physical competence, and associated links to gender, grade, body mass index, and physical education assessments. METHODS: Participants were 240 middle school students (143 intervention, 97 control) from three small cities in North-East Finland. The intervention group received task-involving climate support in physical education classes and additional physical activities during school days across one year...
March 14, 2017: Journal of Physical Activity & Health
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283973/how-hard-they-hit-perception-adaptation-and-public-health-implications-of-heat-waves-in-urban-and-peri-urban-pakistan
#7
Sara Rauf, Khuda Bakhsh, Azhar Abbas, Sarfraz Hassan, Asghar Ali, Harald Kächele
Heat waves threaten human health given the fast changing climatic scenarios in the recent past. Adaptation to heat waves would take place when people perceive their impacts based on their knowledge. The present study examines perception level and its determinants resulting in adaptation to heat waves in Pakistan. The study used cross-sectional data from urban and peri-urban respondents of Faisalabad District. The study employs a health belief model to assess risk perception among the respondents. Logistic model is used to determine factors affecting level of knowledge, perception and adaptation to heat waves...
March 10, 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28283758/outdoor-thermal-comfort-in-public-space-in-warm-humid-guayaquil-ecuador
#8
Erik Johansson, Moohammed Wasim Yahia, Ivette Arroyo, Christer Bengs
The thermal environment outdoors affects human comfort and health. Mental and physical performance is reduced at high levels of air temperature being a problem especially in tropical climates. This paper deals with human comfort in the warm-humid city of Guayaquil, Ecuador. The main aim was to examine the influence of urban micrometeorological conditions on people's subjective thermal perception and to compare it with two thermal comfort indices: the physiologically equivalent temperature (PET) and the standard effective temperature (SET*)...
March 10, 2017: International Journal of Biometeorology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28281829/sensing-the-airs-the-cultural-context-for-breathing-and-breathlessness-in-uruguay
#9
Megan Wainwright
The sensory experience of breathing, particularly the sensation of breathlessness in the case of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), is a rich though understudied topic in medical anthropology. Fieldwork in Uruguay made it clear to me that to study the sensorial experience of breathlessness, I would also have to study the widely shared cultural conceptualizations and practices surrounding air, breath, and health. In this article, I illustrate ethnographically how the experience of breathing and breathlessness is closely tied to perceptions of air outside the body - in particular humidity, temperature change, wind, and contamination...
February 7, 2017: Medical Anthropology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28275850/analysis-of-swedish-forest-owners-information-and-knowledge-sharing-networks-for-decision-making-insights-for-climate-change-communication-and-adaptation
#10
Karin André, Julia Baird, Åsa Gerger Swartling, Gregor Vulturius, Ryan Plummer
To further the understanding of climate change adaptation processes, more attention needs to be paid to the various contextual factors that shape whether and how climate-related knowledge and information is received and acted upon by actors involved. This study sets out to examine the characteristics of forest owners' in Sweden, the information and knowledge-sharing networks they draw upon for decision-making, and their perceptions of climate risks, their forests' resilience, the need for adaptation, and perceived adaptive capacity...
March 8, 2017: Environmental Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28273555/relating-psychological-and-social-factors-to-academic-performance-a-longitudinal-investigation-of-high-poverty-middle-school-students
#11
Yaoran Li, Jeff Allen, Alex Casillas
We investigated the relations between middle school students' psychological factors (academic commitment and emotional control), social perceptions (family involvement and school climate), and academic performance over time. Gender differences in these relations were also examined. Based on a two-year longitudinal data set of 942 middle-school students from a high-poverty district in the United States, we found that all four factors measured in 6th grade were predictive of GPA at the end of the 7th grade above and beyond gender, race, and home intellectual materials...
April 2017: Journal of Adolescence
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28272588/the-impact-of-bedside-interdisciplinary-rounds-on-length-of-stay-and-complications
#12
Andrew S Dunn, Maria Reyna, Brian Radbill, Michael Parides, Claudia Colgan, Tobi Osio, Ari Benson, Nicole Brown, Joy Cambe, Margo Zwerling, Natalia Egorova, Harold Kaplan
BACKGROUND: Communication among team members within hospitals is typically fragmented. Bedside interdisciplinary rounds (IDR) have the potential to improve communication and outcomes through enhanced structure and patient engagement. OBJECTIVE: To decrease length of stay (LOS) and complications through the transformation of daily IDR to a bedside model. DESIGN: Controlled trial. SETTING: 2 geographic areas of a medical unit using a clinical microsystem structure...
March 2017: Journal of Hospital Medicine: An Official Publication of the Society of Hospital Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28259246/how-school-climate-relates-to-chronic-absence-a-multi-level-latent-profile-analysis
#13
Kathryn Van Eck, Stacy R Johnson, Amie Bettencourt, Sarah Lindstrom Johnson
Chronic absence is a significant problem in schools. School climate may play an important role in influencing chronic absence rates among schools, yet little research has evaluated how school climate constructs relate to chronic absence. Using multilevel latent profile analysis, we evaluated how profiles of student perceptions of school climate at both the student and school level differentiated school-level rates of chronic absence. Participants included 25,776 middle and high school students from 106 schools who completed a district administered school climate survey...
April 2017: Journal of School Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28253474/food-policy-council-self-assessment-tool-development-testing-and-results
#14
Larissa Calancie, Nicole E Allen, Bryan J Weiner, Shu Wen Ng, Dianne S Ward, Alice Ammerman
A large number of food policy councils (FPCs) exist in the United States, Canada, and Tribal Nations (N = 278), yet there are no tools designed to measure their members' perceptions of organizational capacity, social capital, and council effectiveness. Without such tools, it is challenging to determine best practices for FPCs and to measure change within and across councils over time. This study describes the development, testing, and findings from the Food Policy Council Self-Assessment Tool (FPC-SAT). The assessment measures council practices and council members' perceptions of the following concepts: leadership, breadth of active membership, council climate, formality of council structure, knowledge sharing, relationships, member empowerment, community context, synergy, and impacts on the food system...
March 2, 2017: Preventing Chronic Disease
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28244248/the-reasons-for-chinese-nursing-staff-to-report-adverse-events-a-questionnaire-survey
#15
Su Hong, QiuJie Li
AIMS: To investigate the impact of nurses' perception of patient safety culture and adverse event reporting, and demographic factors on adverse event reporting in Chinese hospitals. BACKGROUND: Accurate and timely adverse event reporting is integral in promoting patient safety and professional learning around the incident. METHODS: In a cross-sectional survey, a sample of 919 nurses completed a structured questionnaire composed of two validated instruments measuring nurses' perception of patient safety culture and adverse event reporting...
February 27, 2017: Journal of Nursing Management
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28229837/-professional-satisfaction-within-family-health-units-of-central-region
#16
Rui Passadouro, Pedro Lopes Ferreira
INTRODUCTION: Job satisfaction, as an organizational climate indicator, is a complex and subjective phenomenon. It is prone to individual variation, social settings and suitable to multiple explanatory theories. It can impact productivity and absenteeism, predict well-being, and it is associated with mental health, self-esteem and perception of physical health. It is comprised as one of the National Health Service evaluation criteria. This study aimed to assess the level of job satisfaction in family health units of Central Region of the country...
November 2016: Acta Médica Portuguesa
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28220097/women-do-not-belong-here-gender-work-identity-conflict-among-female-police-officers
#17
Jenny Veldman, Loes Meeussen, Colette Van Laar, Karen Phalet
The current paper examines antecedents and consequences of perceiving conflict between gender and work identities in male-dominated professions. In a study among 657 employees working in 85 teams in the police force, we investigated the effect of being different from team members in terms of gender on employees' perception that their team members see their gender identity as conflicting with their work identity. As expected in the police force as a male-dominated field, the results showed that gender-dissimilarity in the team was related to perceived gender-work identity conflict for women, and not for men...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28203217/a-comparison-of-players-and-coaches-perceptions-of-the-coach-created-motivational-climate-within-youth-soccer-teams
#18
Nina Elise Møllerløkken, Håvard Lorås, Arve Vorland Pedersen
The coach-created motivational climate within youth sports teams has been shown to be of great importance for the quality of youths' sports experiences as well as their motivation for continuing or discontinuing sport participation. While the player's perspective on motivational climates has been studied extensively, the coach's perspective has received considerably less attention. Thus, little is known about the concordance of perceptions of the motivational climate between coaches and their players, or the lack thereof...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28194126/the-importance-of-team-health-climate-for-health-related-outcomes-of-white-collar-workers
#19
Heiko Schulz, Hannes Zacher, Sonia Lippke
Occupational health researchers and practitioners have mainly focused on the individual and organizational levels, whereas the team level has been largely neglected. In this study, we define team health climate as employees' shared perceptions of the extent to which their team is concerned, cares, and communicates about health issues. Based on climate, signaling, and social exchange theories, we examined a multilevel model of team health climate and its relationships with five well-established health-related outcomes (i...
2017: Frontiers in Psychology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28190906/gauging-climate-preparedness-to-inform-adaptation-needs-local-level-adaptation-in-drinking-water-quality-in-ca-usa
#20
Julia A Ekstrom, Louise Bedsworth, Amanda Fencl
Understanding resource managers' perceptions of climate change, analytic capacity, and current adaptation activities can provide insight into what can help support adaptation processes at the local level. In California, where a major drought currently demonstrates some of the hardships that could be regularly encountered under a changing climate, we present results from a survey of drinking water utilities about the perceived threat, analytic capacity, and adaptation actions related to maintaining water quality in the face of climate change...
2017: Climatic Change
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