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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26708476/questioning-the-role-of-pituitary-oxytocin-in-parturition-spontaneous-onset-of-labor-in-women-with-panhypopituitarism-a-case-series
#1
Shiri Shinar, Ariel Many, Sharon Maslovitz
OBJECTIVE: Oxytocin, a nanopeptide secreted by the posterior pituitary gland, has well-established uterotonic activity. Its role in initiating the vigorous and regular contractions of the first stage of labor is still controversial. We report four cases of panhypopituitarism who had spontaneous onset of labor, undermining the role of maternal oxytocin in the first phase of labor. STUDY DESIGN: Four women with no residual pituitary function conceived through ovulation induction and were treated throughout pregnancy with thyroid replacement therapy, desmopressin and glucocorticoids...
February 2016: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/26348089/self-assembling-peptide-nanofibrous-hydrogel-on-immediate-hemostasis-and-accelerative-osteosis
#2
Min Wu, Zhaoyang Ye, Hongyan Zhu, Xiaojun Zhao
The use of local agents to achieve hemostasis of bone that does not interfere with repair and recovery is a complex and emergency subject in surgery. In this study, the dual functional biodegradable self-assembling nanopeptide (SAP) RADA16-I was synthesized by solid phase synthesis and was shown to exhibit immediate hemostasis and accelerative osteosis. The RADA16-I showed good performance as a hemostatic agent, which was investigated by comparison with the effects of bone wax in the ilium bone defect model of New Zealand rabbits...
October 12, 2015: Biomacromolecules
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24894183/functional-and-structural-insights-on-self-assembled-nanofiber-based-novel-antibacterial-ointment-from-antimicrobial-peptides-bacitracin-and-gramicidin-s
#3
Santi M Mandal, Anupam Roy, Denial Mahata, Ludovico Migliolo, Diego O Nolasco, Octavio L Franco
A novel antibacterial ointment using bacitracin, specific for Gram-positive bacteria, and gramicidin S, a highly toxic antibacterial peptide, was here developed showing broad-spectrum antibacterial activities against pathogenic strains with less toxicity after self-assembly into nanofiber structures. Such structures were confirmed with scanning electron microscopy and CD analyses. In addition, in silico studies using docking associated with molecular dynamics were carried out to obtain information about fiber structural oligomerization...
November 2014: Journal of Antibiotics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/24491398/the-arrhythmogenic-effect-of-self-assembling-nanopeptide-hydrogel-scaffolds-on-neonatal-mouse-cardiomyocytes
#4
Yu-Wei Chiu, Wen-Pin Chen, Chi-Chang Su, Yen-Chia Lee, Pei-Hsing Hsieh, Yi-Lwun Ho
UNLABELLED: The chaotic spatial disarray due to extracellular matrix expansion disrupts cardiomyocytes interaction and causes arrhythmia. We hypothesized that disordered nanopeptide scaffolds can mimic the chaotic spatial disarray related to cardiac fibrosis and have arrhythmogenic effects on cardiomyocytes. Primary mouse cardiomyocytes were cultured in 2D traditional and 3D nanopeptide hydrogel scaffold systems. Cardiomyocytes in 3D scaffolds showed irregular spontaneous contractile activity as compared with 2D culture controls...
July 2014: Nanomedicine: Nanotechnology, Biology, and Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23426280/self-assembling-functionalized-nanopeptides-for-immediate-hemostasis-and-accelerative-liver-tissue-regeneration
#5
Tzu-Yun Cheng, Hsi-Chin Wu, Ming-Yuan Huang, Wen-Han Chang, Chao-Hsiung Lee, Tzu-Wei Wang
Traumatic injury or surgery may trigger extensive bleeding. However, conventional hemostatic methods have limited efficacy and may cause surrounding tissue damage. In this study, we use self-assembling peptides (SAPs) and specifically extend fragments of functional motifs derived from fibronectin and laminin to evaluate the capability of these functionalized SAPs in the effect of hemostasis and liver tissue regeneration. From the results, these peptides can self-assemble into nanofibrous network structure and gelate into hydrogel with pH adjustment...
April 7, 2013: Nanoscale
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/23182913/neurophysiological-mechanisms-underlying-affiliative-social-behavior-insights-from-comparative-research
#6
REVIEW
Brenda M Stoesz, James F Hare, Wanda M Snow
Humans are intensely social animals, and healthy social relationships are vital for proper mental health (see Lim and Young, 2006). By using animal models, the behavior, mental, and physiological processes of humans can be understood at a level that cannot be attained by studying human behavior and the human brain alone. The goals of this review are threefold. First, we define affiliative social behavior and describe the primary relationship types in which affiliative relationships are most readily observed--the mother-infant bond and pair-bonding...
February 2013: Neuroscience and Biobehavioral Reviews
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21619712/identification-of-cd8-cytotoxic-t-lymphocyte-epitopes-from-porcine-reproductive-and-respiratory-syndrome-virus-matrix-protein-in-balb-c-mice
#7
Weijun Zhang, Yan Lin, Yu Bai, Tiegang Tong, Qun Wang, Nihong Liu, Guangliang Liu, Yihong Xiao, Tao Yang, Zhigao Bu, Guangzhi Tong, Donglai Wu
Twenty-seven nanopeptides derived from the matrix (M) protein of porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome virus (PRRSV) were screened for their ability to elicit a recall interferon-γ (IFN-γ) response from the splenocytes of BALB/c mice following DNA vaccination and a booster vaccination with recombinant vaccinia virus rWR-PRRSV-M. We identified two peptides (amino acid residues K93FITSRCRL and F57GYMTFVHF) as CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) epitopes. These peptides elicited significant numbers of IFN-γ secreting cells, compared with other M nonapeptides and one irrelevant nonapeptide...
2011: Virology Journal
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/21425855/multiple-biological-functions-of-novel-basic-proteins-isolated-from-duck-egg-white-duck-basic-protein-small-1-dbps1-and-2-dbps2
#8
Supaporn Naknukool, Shigeru Hayakawa, Masahiro Ogawa
Biological functions of duck basic protein small 1 (dBPS(1)) and 2 (dBPS(2)) were investigated by in vitro experiments. Results of agarose gel retardation assay indicated that dBPS(1) and dBPS(2) associate with RNA. Addition of NaCl or urea induced partial dissociation of dBPS(1)/dBPS(2)-RNA complex, implying that electrostatic interaction, hydrophobic interaction, and hydrogen bonds are involved in the association of dBPS(1)/dBPS(2) to RNA. dBPS(1) and dBPS(2) inhibited pancreatic lipase activity with the fifty percent inhibitory concentration (IC(50)) of 250 and 100 μg/mL, respectively...
May 11, 2011: Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20588286/the-nanopeptide-hormone-vasopressin-is-a-new-player-in-the-modulation-of-renal-na-cl-cotransporter-activity
#9
COMMENT
Gerardo Gamba
Vasopressin is a modulator of salt and water reabsorption, with known effects in the thick ascending limb and the collecting duct. Pedersen et al. present evidence that vasopressin administration increases the phosphorylation of the apical thiazide-sensitive Na(+)-Cl(-) cotransporter in the distal convoluted tubule. These effects appear to be independent of the renin-angiotensin system and to be mediated by the intracellular kinase SPAK. These observations expand the vasopressin-sensitive region of the nephron...
July 2010: Kidney International
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/20361516/assimilation-of-metal-ions-bound-to-porphyrins-or-porphyrin-peptides-by-vibrio-vulnificus-a-human-pathogen-inhabiting-estuarine-and-marine-environments
#10
Shin-ichi Miyoshi, Tomoko Sasaki, Nahoko Kaku, Takaharu Inoue, Natsuki Uozumi, Yoko Maehara, Hiroshi Nakao
Vibrio vulnificus, a ubiquitous microorganism in aquatic environments, causes serious septicemia to the immunocompromised host. In addition to protoheme, this species can utilize Fe-TCPP [ferric tetrakis (4-carboxyphenyl) porphine] as an iron source. In the present study, heme c bound covalently to the protein in cytochrome c, as well as the Fe-TCPP complex formed with a nanopeptide with a high affinity, was found to be useful iron sources for V. vulnificus. This bacterium was also revealed to use Zn-TCPP as a single zinc source...
March 2010: Biocontrol Science
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19911877/challenges-and-advances-in-nanoparticle-based-oral-insulin-delivery
#11
REVIEW
Rekha M Ramesan, Chandra P Sharma
For many decades, rigorous efforts have been made worldwide to develop a successful oral insulin-delivery system, which still remains an elusive goal. However, over the past few years, tremendous understanding has evolved in the development of biocompatible and biodegradable polymers, synthesis of nanopeptide delivery systems, biocompatibility and its cellular uptake mechanisms. With these advancements, efforts are being directed toward nanoparticle-based oral peptide-delivery systems. It is established that nanoparticles enhance oral bioavailability by facilitating insulin uptake via a transcellular or paracellular pathway...
November 2009: Expert Review of Medical Devices
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19116767/social-rank-modulates-brain-arginine-vasotocin-immunoreactivity-in-false-clown-anemonefish-amphiprion-ocellaris
#12
Eri Iwata, Yukiko Nagai, Hideaki Sasaki
The brain nanopeptide arginine vasotocin (AVT) and its mammalian homolog arginine vasopressin are involved in the regulation of social and reproductive behavior. We investigated the relationship between social rank formation and the brain AVT system in the false clown anemonefish (Amphiprion ocellaris), which forms a social rank that leads to sex differentiation in higher-ranked individuals. Tanks of three sexually immature fish were kept for 90 days and each fish's behavior was observed once a month. The social rank of each individual was distinguishable by behavior, but gonadosomatic index (GSI) did not differ significantly...
September 2010: Fish Physiology and Biochemistry
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/19084010/ovine-colostrum-nanopeptide-affects-amyloid-beta-aggregation
#13
Maria Janusz, Mirosław Woszczyna, Marek Lisowski, Adriana Kubis, Józefa Macała, Teodor Gotszalk, Józef Lisowski
A colostral proline-rich polypeptide complex (PRP) consisting of over 30 peptides shows beneficial effects in Alzheimer's disease (AD) patients when administered in the form of sublinqual tablets called Colostrinin. The aim of the present studies was to investigate whether nanopeptide fragment of PRP (NP) - one of the PRP complex components can affect aggregation of amyloid beta (Abeta1-42). The effect of NP on Abeta aggregation was studied using Thioflavin T (ThT) binding, atomic force microscopy, and analyzing circular dichroism spectra...
January 5, 2009: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18713365/isolation-and-molecular-characterization-of-high-molecular-weight-glutenin-subunit-genes-1bx13-and-1by16-from-hexaploid-wheat
#14
Bin-Shuang Pang, Xue-Yong Zhang
The high molecular weight glutenin subunit (HMW-GS) pair 1Bx13 + 1By16are recognized to positively correlate with bread-making quality; however, their molecular data remain unknown. In order to reveal the mechanism by which 1By16 and 1Bx13 creates high quality, their open reading frames (ORFs) were amplified from common wheat Atlas66 and Jimai 20 using primers that were designed based on published sequences of HMW glutenin genes. The ORF of 1By16 was 2,220 bp, deduced into 738 amino acid residues with seven cysteines including 59 hexapeptides and 22 nanopeptides motifs...
March 2008: Journal of Integrative Plant Biology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18683277/molecular-dynamic-simulations-of-nanomechanic-chaperone-peptide-and-effects-of-in-silico-his-mutations-on-nanostructured-function
#15
Abolfazl Barzegar, Ali Akbar Moosavi-Movahedi, Karim Mahnam, Homayoon Bahrami, Nader Sheibani
The nanoscale peptide YSGVCHTDLHAWHGDWPLPVK exhibits molecular chaperone activity and prevents protein aggregation under chemical and/or thermal stress. Here, His mutations of this peptide and their impact on chaperone activity were evaluated using theoretical techniques. Molecular dynamic (MD) simulations with simulated annealing (SA) of different mutant nanopeptides were employed to determine the contribution of the scaffolding His residues (H45, H49, H52), when mutated to Pro, on chaperone action in vitro...
November 2008: Journal of Peptide Science: An Official Publication of the European Peptide Society
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/18221838/post-learning-intranasal-oxytocin-modulates-human-memory-for-facial-identity
#16
RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIAL
Egemen Savaskan, Rike Ehrhardt, André Schulz, Marc Walter, Hartmut Schächinger
The nanopeptide oxytocin has physiological functions during labour and lactation. In addition, oxytocin is known to modulate aggression, anxiety, social behaviour and cognition. Little is known about its effects on memory for emotional stimuli. In the present single-blind, placebo-controlled, randomised study we have investigated the short- and long-term effects of a single post-learning dose (20 IU) of intranasal oxytocin on memory for facial identity and expression in 36 healthy young females and males using a face portrait recognition test...
April 2008: Psychoneuroendocrinology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17627416/the-alpha-fetoprotein-derived-growth-inhibitory-peptide-8-mer-fragment-review-of-a-novel-anticancer-agent
#17
REVIEW
Gerald J Mizejewski
This review describes the antigrowth and anticancer activities of the alpha-fetoprotein (AFP)-derived growth inhibitory peptide (GIP) 8-mer fragment. The 8-amino acid peptide (GIP-8) comprises the carboxy-terminal portion of a 34-amino acid peptide (GIP-34) previously identified as an occult epitopic segment of the full-length human AFP molecule. The GIP-8 segment has been chemically synthesized, purified, characterized, and bioassayed. The purified 8-mer segment was characterized as a random coil (disordered) structure extending from a C-terminal beta-hairpin that forms a horseshoe-shaped partially cyclic octapeptide; this structure can be formulated into a fully cyclic form by the addition of asparagine or glutamine residues...
February 2007: Cancer Biotherapy & Radiopharmaceuticals
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17513013/oxytocin-during-pregnancy-and-early-postpartum-individual-patterns-and-maternal-fetal-attachment
#18
Ari Levine, Orna Zagoory-Sharon, Ruth Feldman, Aron Weller
Oxytocin (OT), a nanopeptide hormone, plays a role in the emergence of maternal behavior, yet few studies examined OT in humans across pregnancy and the postpartum. We followed healthy women at three points: first trimester of pregnancy, third trimester, and first postpartum month. Plasma OT levels showed high individual stability. A third of the sample showed consistent OT levels, whereas others showed increasing or decreasing trends or peak in late pregnancy. The increase in OT from early to late pregnancy correlated with higher maternal-fetal bonding...
June 2007: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17507012/from-affiliative-behaviors-to-romantic-feelings-a-role-of-nanopeptides
#19
REVIEW
Jacek Debiec
Love is one of the most desired experiences. The quest for understanding human bonds, especially love, was traditionally a domain of the humanities. Recent developments in biological sciences yield new insights into the mechanisms underlying the formation and maintenance of human relationships. Animal models of reproductive behaviors, mother-infant attachment and pair bonding complemented by human studies reveal neuroendocrine foundations of prosocial behaviors and emotions. Amongst various identified neurotransmitters and modulators, which control affiliative behaviors, the particular role of nanopeptides has been indicated...
June 12, 2007: FEBS Letters
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/17137401/targeted-anti-cancer-therapies-for-renal-cancer
#20
REVIEW
Robert J Amato, Jaroslaw Jac
In the past several years, significant advances in the underlying biological mechanisms of renal cell cancer, particularly the role of tumour angiogenesis, have permitted the design of molecularly targeted therapeutics. For this review, single-agent therapies inhibiting the following different targets were identified in the published literature: epithelial growth factor receptor, vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, basic fibroblast growth factor receptor, platelet-derived growth factor, nuclear factor-kappabeta, the mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) pathway, raf kinase pathway and tyrosine kinase pathway...
2006: Drugs
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