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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27921048/surgical-treatment-of-metabolic-syndrome
#1
REVIEW
Norbert Runkel, Rainer Brydniak
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is gastrointestinal surgery for weight control, and metabolic surgery refers to the use of surgery to primarily and purposely treat type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM)/metabolic syndrome mellitus. METHODS: The most recent literature was reviewed for surgery and T2DM in a non-systematic fashion. RESULTS: Roux-Y gastric bypass, biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch, and sleeve gastrectomy (SG) are the dominant procedures today...
October 2016: Visceral Medicine
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27899816/bariatric-surgery-for-obesity-and-metabolic-disorders-state-of-the-art
#2
REVIEW
Ninh T Nguyen, J Esteban Varela
Obesity is one of the most important public health conditions worldwide. Bariatric surgery for severe obesity is an effective treatment that results in the improvement and remission of many obesity-related comorbidities, as well as providing sustained weight loss and improvement in quality of life. Contemporary bariatric operations include Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, adjustable gastric band and the duodenal switch. The vast majority of these procedures are now performed using laparoscopic technique, the main advantages of which include rapid recovery, the reduction of postoperative pain and the reduction of wound-related complications, compared with open surgery...
November 30, 2016: Nature Reviews. Gastroenterology & Hepatology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27885535/preserved-fat-free-mass-after-gastric-bypass-and-duodenal-switch
#3
Martin Skogar, Ulf Holmbäck, Jakob Hedberg, Ulf Risérus, Magnus Sundbom
BACKGROUND: Concerns for the possibility of an excessive loss of fat-free mass (FFM) and resting metabolic rate (RMR) after bariatric surgery, such as Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and duodenal switch (BPD/DS), have been raised. OBJECTIVES: This study aims to examine body composition and RMR in patients after RYGB and BPD/DS and in non-operated controls. METHODS: Body composition and RMR were studied with Bod Pod and indirect calorimetry in weight-stable RYGB (n = 15) and BPD/DS patients (n = 12) and compared with non-operated controls (n = 17)...
November 24, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27795883/a-comparison-of-outcomes-of-bariatric-surgery-in-patient-greater-than-70-with-18-month-of-follow-up
#4
Hinali Zaveri, Amit Surve, Daniel Cottam, Christina Summerhays, Austin Cottam, Christina Richards, LeGrand Belnap, Walter Medlin
BACKGROUND: There is a scarcity of data available to determine the safety and effectiveness of bariatric surgery in the elderly population. Additionally, there are no studies showing the effect of the single anastomosis duodenal switch (SADS) has on the elderly obese, in comparison with other more popular procedures. Here we compare laparoscopic gastric band surgery (LAGB), Laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery (LRYGB), and the SADS to analyze the weight loss, perioperative and postoperative morbidity in the patients >70 years of age at a single US center...
2016: SpringerPlus
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27783368/laparoscopic-revision-of-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-technical-points
#5
Maud Robert, Arnaud Pasquer
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 25, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27769660/rates-of-secondary-hyperparathyroidism-after-bypass-operation-for-super-morbid-obesity-an-overlooked-phenomenon
#6
Michael G White, Marc A Ward, Megan K Applewhite, Harry Wong, Vivek Prachand, Peter Angelos, Edwin L Kaplan, Raymon H Grogan
BACKGROUND: With over 110,000 bariatric operations performed in the United States annually, it is important to understand the biochemical abnormalities causing endocrine dysfunction associated with these procedures. Here we compare 2 malabsorptive procedures, duodenal switch and Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, to determine the role malabsorption plays in secondary hyperparathyroidism in this population. METHODS: Data from all super-obese patients undergoing duodenal switch or Roux-en-Y gastric bypass between August 2002 and October 2005 were prospectively collected...
October 18, 2016: Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27765899/laparoscopy-in-duodenal-switch-safe-and-halves-length-of-stay-in-a-nationwide-cohort-from-the-scandinavian-obesity-registry
#7
D Edholm, S Axer, J Hedberg, M Sundbom
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Unsatisfactory weight loss after gastric bypass or sleeve gastrectomy in super-obese patients (body mass index > 50) is a growing concern. Biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch results in greater weight loss, but is technically challenging to perform, especially as a laparoscopic procedure (Lap-DS). The aim of this study was to compare perioperative outcomes of Lap-DS and the corresponding open procedure (O-DS) in Sweden. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The data source was a nationwide cohort from the Scandinavian Obesity Surgery Registry and 317 biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch patients (mean body mass index = 56...
October 7, 2016: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27761722/robotic-assisted-laparoscopic-biliopancreatic-diversion-vertical-sleeve-gastrectomy-with-traditional-roux-en-y-duodenal-switch
#8
Muhammad A Jawad, Lars Nelson, Rena C Moon, Andre F Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Although effective, duodenal switch can be a complicated and time-consuming operation for surgeons. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present our technique of biliopancreatic diversion and vertical sleeve gastrectomy, creating a 150-cm common channel and a 100-cm alimentary limb. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A robot-assisted technique was utilized in creating a biliopancreatic diversion and vertical sleeve gastrectomy. RESULTS: Laparoscopy was used for marking stitches and then the robot was docked...
October 19, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27753839/sy-06-3-role-of-surgical-treatment-of-morbid-obesity
#9
Wei-Jei Lee
Obesity is a pan-endemic health problem in both developed and developing countries, in both western and eastern countries. It increases risk for many common diseases, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, stroke, asthma, osteoarthritis, cancers and depression etc.. Although the incidence of obesity in Asia is relatively low, Asian patients tend to have similar incidence of obesity related metabolic syndrome at lower BMI level comparing to Caucasians because of central obesity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27709487/long-term-outcomes-in-patients-with-morbid-obesity-and-type-1-diabetes-undergoing-bariatric-surgery
#10
Nuria Vilarrasa, Miguel Angel Rubio, Inka Miñambres, Lillian Flores, Assumpta Caixàs, Andrea Ciudin, Marta Bueno, Pedro Pablo García-Luna, María D Ballesteros-Pomar, Marisol Ruiz-Adana, Albert Lecube
BACKGROUND: This study aims to describe the long-term outcomes of bariatric surgery in a cohort of patients with type 1 diabetes (T1DM). METHODS: Thirty-two patients with T1DM and initial BMI of 41.3 ± 4.8 kg/m(2) were studied, 18.7 % undergoing duodenal switch (DS), 34.4 % gastric bypass, and 46.9 % sleeve gastrectomy and followed-up after surgery for 4.6 ± 2.6 years. Changes in BMI, HbA1c, insulin requirements, evolution of comorbidities, and microvascular complications were registered annually after surgery...
October 5, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27686233/the-impact-of-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-bpd-ds-over-9%C3%A2-years
#11
Gladys W Strain, Mehyar H Torghabeh, Michel Gagner, Faith Ebel, Gregory F Dakin, Jonathan S Abelson, Daniel Connolly, Alfons Pomp
BACKGROUND: There is limited information on the multiple long-term effects of the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS). METHODS: Patients who consented to a BPD/DS from 1999 to 2010 were evaluated for weight change, complications, comorbidity resolution, body composition, quality of life, and depressive symptoms during visits at 1, 3,5, 7, and 9 years. Descriptive statistics, analysis of variance, and pair-wise comparisons were calculated for each of the five follow-up cohorts vs...
September 29, 2016: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683784/sadi-s-with-right-gastric-artery-ligation-technical-systematization-and-early-results
#12
Jordi Pujol Gebelli, Amador Garcia Ruiz de Gordejuela, Almino Cardoso Ramos, Mario Nora, Ana Marta Pereira, Josemberg Marins Campos, Manoela Galvão Ramos, Eduardo Lemos de Souza Bastos, João Batista Marchesini
Background: Bariatric surgery is performed all over the world with close to 500.000 procedures per year. The most performed techniques are Roux-en-Y gastric bypass and sleeve gastrectomy. Despite this data, the most effective procedure, biliopancreatic diversion with or without duodenal switch, represents only no more than 1.5% of the procedures. Technical complexity, morbidity, mortality, and severe nutritional adverse effects related to the procedure are the main fears that prevent most universal acceptance...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27683783/safety-and-effectiveness-of-single-anastomosis-duodenal-switch-procedure-preliminary-result-from-a-single-institution
#13
Lars Nelson, Rena C Moon, Andre F Teixeira, Manoel Galvão, Almino Ramos, Muhammad A Jawad
Background: Single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) was introduced into bariatric surgery by Sanchez-Pernaute et al. as an advancement of the biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch. Aim: To evaluate the SADI-S procedure with regard to weight loss, comorbidity resolution, and complication rate in the super obese population. Methods: A retrospective chart review was performed on initial 72 patients who underwent laparoscopic or robot-assisted laparoscopic SADI-S between December 17th, 2013 and July 29th, 2015...
2016: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cirurgia Digestiva: ABCD, Brazilian Archives of Digestive Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27681383/association-between-nesfatin-1-levels-and-metabolic-improvements-in-severely-obese-patients-who-underwent-biliopancreatic-derivation-with-duodenal-switch
#14
REVIEW
David H St-Pierre, Julie Martin, Hiroyuki Shimizu, Yuko Tagaya, Takahumi Tsuchiya, Simon Marceau, Laurent Biertho, Marjorie Bastien, Sarah-Maude Caron-Cantin, Serge Simard, Denis Richard, Katherine Cianflone, Paul Poirier
CONTEXT: Nesfatin-1 is a neuroendocrine peptide with potent anorexigenic activity in rodents. The potential role of nesfatin-1 on the regulation of energy balance, metabolic functions and inflammation is currently debated in obese humans. In the present study, nesfatin-1 fluctuations and their associations with metabolic factors were investigated in severely obese patients who underwent biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS) and severely obese controls (SOC). BASIC PROCEDURES: Sixty severely obese patients who underwent BPD/DS and 15 SOC (matched for BMI and age) were included in the study...
December 2016: Peptides
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27642934/sy-06-3-role-of-surgical-treatment-of-morbid-obesity
#15
Wei-Jei Lee
Obesity is a pan-endemic health problem in both developed and developing countries, in both western and eastern countries. It increases risk for many common diseases, including type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, obstructive sleep apnea, heart disease, stroke, asthma, osteoarthritis, cancers and depression etc.. Although the incidence of obesity in Asia is relatively low, Asian patients tend to have similar incidence of obesity related metabolic syndrome at lower BMI level comparing to Caucasians because of central obesity...
September 2016: Journal of Hypertension
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27641150/repair-of-an-endoscopic-retrograde-cholangiopancreatography-related-large-duodenal-perforation-using-double-endoscopic-band-ligation-and-endoclipping
#16
Keunmo Kim, Eun Bee Kim, Yong Hyeok Choi, Youngmin Oh, Joung-Ho Han, Seon Mee Park
Endoscopic closure techniques have been introduced for the repair of duodenal wall perforations that occur during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP). We report a case of successful repair of a large duodenal wall perforation by using double endoscopic band ligation (EBL) and an endoclip. Lateral duodenal wall perforation occurred during ERCP in a 93-year-old woman with acute calculous cholangitis. We switched to a forward endoscope that had a transparent band apparatus. A 2.0-cm ovalshaped perforation was found at the lateral duodenal wall...
September 13, 2016: Clinical Endoscopy
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27639984/efficiency-of-preoperative-esophagogastroduodenoscopy-in-identifying-operable-hiatal-hernia-for-bariatric-surgery-patients
#17
Ricardo Mohammed, Patrick Fei, John Phu, Megumi Asai, Gintaras Antanavicius
BACKGROUND: Gastroesophageal reflux (GERD) is a symptom frequently found in obese patients, and often is related to the presence of a hiatal hernia (HH). Surgeons may evaluate for the presence of HH on esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD). However, preoperative endoscopic presence or absence of a significant HH does not always correlate with intraoperative findings. OBJECTIVE: To compare the rate of detection of repairable HH between clinical, endoscopic, and intraoperative methods SETTING: Independent, university-affiliated teaching hospital METHODS: A retrospective chart review of all consecutive patients who had undergone a primary bariatric procedure sleeve gastrectomy, gastric bypass, or biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch with routine preoperative EGD in a single institution from 2009-2013 was performed...
August 17, 2016: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27632915/lower-hepatic-iron-storage-associated-with-obesity-in-mice-can-be-restored-by-decreasing-body-fat-mass-through-feeding-a-low-fat-diet
#18
Hak Chung, Dayong Wu, Donald Smith, Simin Nikbin Meydani, Sung Nim Han
High-fat diet (HFD)-induced obesity has been reported to result in low hepatic iron storage. In the current study, we tested the hypothesis that these obesity-related changes in hepatic iron status could be reversed by decreasing adiposity by feeding a low-fat diet. Five-week-old C57BL/6 mice were assigned to 3 groups: the LL group was fed a control diet for 31 weeks, the HH group was fed a HFD for 31 weeks, and the HL group was fed the HFD for 15 weeks and then switched to the control diet for 16 weeks. The fat mass of the HL group decreased by 3...
September 2016: Nutrition Research
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27607341/bariatric-surgery-in-managing-diabetes-mellitus
#19
Mitchell S Roslin, Courtney N Cripps
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Obesity is a worldwide epidemic, having profound effects on Western populations. Bariatric surgery has long been employed to treat obesity and its related comorbidities. Over time, researchers have amassed significant data to support bariatric surgery in the pursuit of treating diabetes mellitus. This review serves to introduce the most recent findings and their relation to the various bariatric surgical options as bariatric surgery will continue to cement itself in the treatment paradigm of diabetes mellitus...
November 2016: Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/27576451/indications-for-revisions-following-630-consecutive-laparoscopic-sleeve-gastrectomy-cases-experience-in-a-single-accredited-center
#20
Maher El Chaar, Jill Stoltzfus, Leonardo Claros, Maureen Miletics
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is the only proven and effective long-term treatment for morbid obesity, with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) being the most commonly performed weight loss procedure in the USA. Despite its safety and efficacy, LSG's association with both de novo and pre-existing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains controversial. METHODS: Therefore, this retrospective study determined the incidence, indications, and outcomes of revisional surgery following LSG in adult patients at our institution from 2010 to 2014...
August 30, 2016: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
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