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https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28718091/nutritional-and-micronutrient-care-of-bariatric-surgery-patients-current-evidence-update
#1
REVIEW
Michael A Via, Jeffrey I Mechanick
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The continued success of bariatric surgery to treat obesity and obesity-associated metabolic conditions creates a need for a strong understanding of clinical nutrition both before and after these procedures. RECENT FINDINGS: Surgically induced alteration of gastrointestinal physiology can affect the nutrition of individuals, especially among those who have undergone malabsorptive procedures. While uncommon, a subset of patients may develop protein-calorie malnutrition...
July 17, 2017: Current Obesity Reports
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28688102/how-to-switch-to-the-switch-implementation-of-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-into-practice
#2
Hamzeh M Halawani, Gintaras Antanavicius, Fernando Bonanni
The biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD/DS), a modification of the classic Scopinaro procedure, carries the highest rate of success in terms of weight loss, comorbid resolution, and maintenance of weight loss. The substantial challenges, technical complexity, and expected roadblocks of adding BPD/DS option to the bariatric surgeon's resources are reflected in the number of BPD/DS procedure performed in the USA, being less than 1% of all bariatric surgeries. Adjustments to the length of the common channel and the size of the vertical sleeve would increase the pool of candidates for BPD/DS and offer comprehensive management of obesity and metabolic comorbidities...
July 7, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28668407/current-and-cutting-edge-interventions-for-the-treatment-of-obese-patients
#3
REVIEW
Jenanan Vairavamurthy, Lawrence J Cheskin, Dara L Kraitchman, Aravind Arepally, Clifford R Weiss
The number of people classified as obese, defined by the World Health Organization as having a body mass index ≥30, has been rising since the 1980s. Obesity is associated with comorbidities such as hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease. The current treatment paradigm emphasizes lifestyle modifications, including diet and exercise; however this approach produces only modest weight loss for many patients. When lifestyle modifications fail, the current "gold standard" therapy for obesity is bariatric surgery, including Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, sleeve gastrectomy, duodenal switch, and placement of an adjustable gastric band...
August 2017: European Journal of Radiology
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28647410/reoperative-bariatric-surgery-for-treatment-of-type-2-diabetes-mellitus
#4
Jingliang Yan, Ricardo Cohen, Ali Aminian
Primary bariatric surgery has been proven to be effective in weight loss and improvement of weight-related metabolic co-morbidities. However, a small proportion of patients after bariatric surgery either have persistent hyperglycemia or relapse after initial remission of their metabolic disease. Revisional bariatric surgery has been evaluated extensively for weight recidivism and postoperative complications. However, there has not been any high-level evidence validating the utility of revisional bariatric surgery on recurrent metabolic diseases, especially diabetes...
April 25, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602794/long-term-outcome-of-laparoscopic-adjustable-gastric-banding-lagb-results-of-a-swiss-single-center-study-of-405-patients-with-up-to-18-years-follow-up
#5
Fabrizio Vinzens, Ashley Kilchenmann, Valentin Zumstein, Marc Slawik, Martina Gebhart, Ralph Peterli
BACKGROUND: In the past, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB) seemed to be a promising bariatric procedure. However, many studies showed high rates of reoperation due to complications or insufficient weight loss. There is a lack of long-term studies with follow-up beyond 15 years. OBJECTIVE: To conduct long-term follow-up of patients after LAGB and analyze their weight loss as a primary endpoint. SETTING: Tertiary referral center for bariatric surgery, St...
April 29, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28602793/the-single-anastomosis-duodenal-switch-modifications-a-review-of-the-current-literature-on-outcomes
#6
Philippe Topart, Guillaume Becouarn
BACKGROUND: The single anastomosis duodeno-ileal bypass with sleeve gastrectomy (SADI-S) was designed in 2007 to reduce the side effects of biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) by replacing the Roux-en-Y construction with a single duodeno-ileal anastomosis and combining the common channel with the alimentary limb. Several variants using different channel lengths were published. The objective of this study was to identify the published cases of SADI-S and variants and assess the results regarding potential benefits on side effects and revisions...
April 27, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28600114/conversion-of-failed-roux-en-y-gastric-bypass-to-biliopancreatic-diversion-with-duodenal-switch-outcomes-of-9-case-series
#7
Hamzeh M Halawani, Fernando Bonanni, Abraham Betancourt, Gintaras Antanavicius
INTRODUCTION: Weight regain after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is a frustrating long-term complication in some patients. Revision of RYGB to biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) is an appealing option. There is a paucity of information in literature regarding this type of conversion. SETTING: Regional referral center and teaching hospital, Pennsylvania, United States; nonprofit. METHODS: Between 2013 and 2016, a retrospective chart review was performed on all our revision cases...
April 26, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28583814/prospectively-validated-preoperative-prediction-of-weight-and-co-morbidity-resolution-in-individual-patients-comparing-five-bariatric-operations
#8
Gus J Slotman
BACKGROUND: No method preoperatively predicts the postoperative bariatric surgery outcomes in individual patients. Decisions for or against surgery and operation choice remain subjective. Only 1% of qualifying patients embrace bariatric surgery. OBJECTIVE: To predict preoperatively and validate prospectively the weight and co-morbidity resolution in individual patients after open Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB), laparoscopic adjustable gastric band (LAGB), sleeve gastrectomy (SG), and biliopancreatic diversion/duodenal switch (BPD/DS)...
April 15, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28565892/metabolic-surgery-and-nutritional-deficiencies
#9
Christine Stroh, Thomas Manger, Frank Benedix
The increasing prevalence of morbid obesity in Germany is associated with an increasing number of metabolic surgical interventions. Short-term surgical and long-term metabolic complications such as nutrient deficiencies can be considered as the main risks of metabolic surgery with its malabsorptive but also restrictive procedures. The aim of this review is to characterize the most relevant metabolic complications specific for the various bariatric procedures, which, subsequently, require a permanent surveillance and supplementation, respectively...
May 30, 2017: Minerva Chirurgica
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28555408/bariatric-surgery-induced-resolution-of-hypertension-and-obstructive-sleep-apnea-impact-of-modulation-of-body-fat-ectopic-fat-autonomic-nervous-activity-inflammatory-and-adipokine-profiles
#10
Audrey Auclair, Laurent Biertho, Simon Marceau, Frédéric-Simon Hould, Simon Biron, Stéfane Lebel, François Julien, Odette Lescelleur, Yves Lacasse, Marie-Eve Piché, Katherine Cianflone, Sebastian Demian Parlee, Kerry Goralski, Julie Martin, Marjorie Bastien, David H St-Pierre, Paul Poirier
BACKGROUND: Obesity-associated systemic hypertension (HTN) and obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) have multiple pathophysiological pathways including ectopic fat deposition, inflammation, altered adipokine profile, and increased sympathetic nervous activity. We characterized these potential mechanisms in severely obese patients with or without HTN and OSA. We also compared changes of these mechanisms at 12 months following biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch (BPD-DS) surgery according to HTN and OSA resolution...
May 29, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28520653/transenteric-ercp-for-treatment-of-choledocholithiasis-after-duodenal-switch
#11
João C D Marchesini, Rafael W Noda, Vitor M Haida, Rodrigo C D L Medeiros, Silvano Sadowski, Manoel Galvão Neto, João B Marchesini, Josemberg M Campos
This article aims to describe step-by-step technique performed with the aid of a video. We report the performance of an endoscopic approach to the biliary tract on 2 patients who had previously undergone duodenal switch (DS). It was successfully performed a laparoscopic-assisted transenteric endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in both the patients. Although successful experiences with ERCP after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass have been found, few cases of ERCP after DS have been reported. Nevertheless, this is the first study to include a multimedia video with description of details and all technical steps of the transenteric ERCP performed on 2 patients who had previously undergone DS...
June 2017: Surgical Laparoscopy, Endoscopy & Percutaneous Techniques
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28506293/case-report-of-unexpected-gastrointestinal-involvement-in-type-1-gaucher-disease-comparison-of-eliglustat-tartrate-treatment-and-enzyme-replacement-therapy
#12
Yoo-Mi Kim, Dong Hoon Shin, Su Bum Park, Chong Kun Cheon, Han-Wook Yoo
BACKGROUND: Gastrointestinal involvement in Gaucher disease is very rare, and appears to be unresponsive to enzyme replacement therapy (ERT). CASE PRESENTATION: Here, we describe identical twin, splenectomized, non-neuronopathic Gaucher patients on long-term ERT for 9 years, who complained of epigastric discomfort due to Gaucher cell infiltration of the gastroduodenal mucosa. Rare compound heterozygous mutations (p.Arg48Trp and p.Arg257Gln) of the GBA gene were found in both...
May 15, 2017: BMC Medical Genetics
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28470489/hypocalcemia-after-bariatric-surgery-prevalence-and-associated-risk-factors
#13
Meera Shah, Anu Sharma, Robert A Wermers, Kurt A Kennel, Todd A Kellogg, Manpreet S Mundi
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of hypocalcemia after bariatric surgery ranges from 1% after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to 25% after bilio-pancreatic diversion-duodenal switch (BPD-DS). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to define the prevalence of post-operative hypocalcemia and identify clinical predisposing factors. SETTING: The study was conducted in an Academic Medical Center, USA. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing bariatric surgery from May 2008 to December 2014 at Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota was performed...
May 3, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28451933/long-term-food-tolerance-after-bariatric-surgery-comparison-of-three-different-surgical-techniques
#14
Oscar Cano-Valderrama, Andrés Sánchez-Pernaute, Miguel A Rubio-Herrera, Inmaculada Domínguez-Serrano, Antonio J Torres-García
BACKGROUND: Food tolerance has been related to quality of life after bariatric surgery. However, long-term results about this issue are quite limited. The aim of this study was to evaluate the long-term food tolerance in obese patients submitted to surgery, comparing the results between gastric bypass (GBP), long alimentary modified biliopancreatic diversion (MBPD), and long alimentary modified duodenal switch (MDS). METHODS: A cross-sectional analytic study was performed...
April 28, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440518/-choice-of-bariatric-and-metabolic-surgical-procedures
#15
Hui Liang, Shibo Lin, Wei Guan
Bariatric and metabolic surgery has become the clinical hot topic of the treatment of metabolic syndromes including obesity and diabetes mellitus, but how to choose the appropriate surgical procedure remains the difficult problem in clinical practice. Clinical guidelines of American Society for Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery(ASMBS)(version 2013) introduced the procedures of bariatric and metabolic surgery mainly including biliopancreatic diversion with duodenal switch(BPD-DS), laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB) and laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy(LSG)...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440516/-current-status-and-changes-of-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-in-china
#16
Jingang Liu
Through continuous development, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has become widely recognized in academic and medical circles. In China, the volume of MBS operations has increased year by year. Therapeutic goals of MBS have evolved from treating obesity to treating Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and further to treating a series of obesity-associated metabolic diseases (including conditions in the endocrine system, circulatory system, respiratory system, reproductive system, and etc). Surgical approach of MBS has also been evolving continuously...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28440515/-interpretation-of-the-international-joint-statement-on-metabolic-surgery-in-the-treatment-algorithm-for-type-2-diabetes
#17
Peng Zhang, Chengzhu Zheng
Along with the soaring prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has been rapidly developing into a major surgical subspecialty. However, the indications, benefits and potential risks of MBS are still controversial so far. In September 2015, the 2nd Diabetes Surgery Summit (DSS-II() was successfully convened, and later on an international joint statement on metabolic surgery in the treatment algorithm for T2DM was released based upon the consensus reached in DSS-II(, aiming to serve as a new global clinical guideline...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28439748/duodenal-switch-is-superior-to-gastric-bypass-in-patients-with-super-obesity-when-evaluated-with-the-bariatric-analysis-and-reporting-outcome-system-baros
#18
Martin L Skogar, Magnus Sundbom
BACKGROUND: It is not clear which bariatric procedure that gives the best outcome for patients with super obesity (body mass index [BMI] > 50 kg/m(2)). This study aims to compare outcomes in patients with super obesity after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and duodenal switch (BPD/DS) using the Bariatric Analysis and Reporting Outcome System (BAROS) and a local questionnaire for gastrointestinal symptoms. METHODS: A retrospective mail survey including 211 patients, 98 RYGB and 113 BPD/DS, with a mean follow-up time of 4 years for both groups...
April 24, 2017: Obesity Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28392254/american-society-for-metabolic-and-bariatric-surgery-integrated-health-nutritional-guidelines-for-the-surgical-weight-loss-patient-2016-update-micronutrients
#19
Julie Parrott, Laura Frank, Rebecca Rabena, Lillian Craggs-Dino, Kellene A Isom, Laura Greiman
BACKGROUND: Optimizing postoperative patient outcomes and nutritional status begins preoperatively. Patients should be educated before and after weight loss surgery (WLS) on the expected nutrient deficiencies associated with alterations in physiology. Although surgery can exacerbate preexisting nutrient deficiencies, preoperative screening for vitamin deficiencies has not been the norm in the majority of WLS practices. Screening is important because it is common for patients who present for WLS to have at least 1 vitamin or mineral deficiency preoperatively...
January 19, 2017: Surgery for Obesity and related Diseases: Official Journal of the American Society for Bariatric Surgery
https://www.readbyqxmd.com/read/28349296/roux-en-y-fistulojejunostomy-a-new-therapeutic-option-for-complicated-post-sleeve-gastric-fistulas-video-report
#20
Theodoros Thomopoulos, Maximilien Thoma, Benoit Navez
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) has become during the last few years the most frequent procedure in bariatric surgery. However, complications related to the gastric staple line can be even more serious. The incidence of gastric fistula after LSG varies from 1 to 7%. Its management can be very challenging and long. In case of chronic fistula and failure of the previous treatment, total gastrectomy or Roux-en-Y fistulo-jejunostomy (RYFJ) might be considered. RYFJ has been described very rarely as a salvage procedure of gastric leaks after LSG...
March 27, 2017: Obesity Surgery
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