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Bilio-Pancreatic Diversion

Edoardo G Giannini, Claudia Coppo, Chiara Romana, Giovanni B Camerini, Franco De Cian, Nicola Scopinaro, Francesco S Papadia
BACKGROUND: Obesity is associated with NAFLD, and bariatric surgery has significant impact on this liver disease, with reported improvement in hepatic fibrosis. AIMS: To investigate the effects of bariatric surgery on long-term liver disease-related outcome in obese patients with nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) and significant liver damage. METHODS: This study included 56 NAFLD patients who underwent bilio-pancreatic diversion for morbid obesity and who had significant fibrosis at intraoperative liver biopsy...
April 9, 2018: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Lidia Castagneto Gissey, James Casella Mariolo, Geltrude Mingrone
Bariatric surgery is very effective in achieving and maintaining weight loss but it is also associated with improvement of obesity metabolic complications, primarily type 2 diabetes (T2D). Remission of T2D or at least a net improvement of glycemic control persists for at least 5 years. The bypass of duodenum and of the first portion of the jejunum up to the Treitz ligament as in Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), or the bypass of the duodenum, the entire jejunum and the first tract of the ileum, such as in Bilio-Pancreatic Diversion (BPD), achieve different results on insulin sensitivity...
February 2018: Peptides
Aniceto Baltasar, Rafael Bou, Marcelo Bengochea, Carlos Serra, Lirios Ferri, Nieves Pérez, Francisco Arlandis, Rosa Martínez, Luis Cipagauta
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgical practice changes in the community setting may be under-reported. We present the developments in a Spanish bariatric surgical practice in the community setting of Alcoy from its origin in 1977 through the present. METHODS: Bariatric surgical techniques employed in a country community setting over the course of nearly four decades were reviewed retrospectively and qualitatively. RESULTS: Surgeons and medical professionals from Alcoy, Spain were involved in the evolution of bariatric surgery patient management and surgical technique from 1977s through 2017...
July 28, 2017: Nutrición Hospitalaria: Organo Oficial de la Sociedad Española de Nutrición Parenteral y Enteral
Elena Previti, Serenella Salinari, Alessandro Bertuzzi, Esmeralda Capristo, Stephan Bornstein, Geltrude Mingrone
The purpose of this study was to examine the contribution of nonesterified fatty acids (NEFA) and incretin to insulin resistance and diabetes amelioration after malabsorptive metabolic surgery that induces steatorrhea. In fact, NEFA infusion reduces glucose-stimulated insulin secretion, and high-fat diets predict diabetes development. Six healthy controls, 11 obese subjects, and 10 type 2 diabetic (T2D) subjects were studied before and 1 mo after biliopancreatic diversion (BPD). Twenty-four-hour plasma glucose, NEFA, insulin, C-peptide, glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1), and gastric inhibitory polypeptide (GIP) time courses were obtained and analyzed by Granger causality and graph analyses...
November 1, 2017: American Journal of Physiology. Endocrinology and Metabolism
Luca M Muscardin, Giovanni Paolino, Carlo Cota, Dario Didona, Chiara Panetta, Pietro Donati
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
August 2017: Giornale Italiano di Dermatologia e Venereologia: Organo Ufficiale, Società Italiana di Dermatologia e Sifilografia
Meera Shah, Anu Sharma, Robert A Wermers, Kurt A Kennel, Todd A Kellogg, Manpreet S Mundi
BACKGROUND: The reported prevalence of hypocalcemia after bariatric surgery ranges from 1% after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to 25% after bilio-pancreatic diversion-duodenal switch (BPD-DS). OBJECTIVE: We aimed to define the prevalence of post-operative hypocalcemia and identify clinical predisposing factors. SETTING: The study was conducted in an Academic Medical Center, USA. METHODS: Retrospective analysis of all patients undergoing bariatric surgery from May 2008 to December 2014 at Mayo Clinic Rochester, Minnesota was performed...
November 2017: Obesity Surgery
Jingang Liu
Through continuous development, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has become widely recognized in academic and medical circles. In China, the volume of MBS operations has increased year by year. Therapeutic goals of MBS have evolved from treating obesity to treating Type 2 diabetes mellitus, and further to treating a series of obesity-associated metabolic diseases (including conditions in the endocrine system, circulatory system, respiratory system, reproductive system, and etc). Surgical approach of MBS has also been evolving continuously...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Peng Zhang, Chengzhu Zheng
Along with the soaring prevalence of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) globally, metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) has been rapidly developing into a major surgical subspecialty. However, the indications, benefits and potential risks of MBS are still controversial so far. In September 2015, the 2nd Diabetes Surgery Summit (DSS-II() was successfully convened, and later on an international joint statement on metabolic surgery in the treatment algorithm for T2DM was released based upon the consensus reached in DSS-II(, aiming to serve as a new global clinical guideline...
April 25, 2017: Zhonghua Wei Chang Wai Ke za Zhi, Chinese Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery
Muhammad A Jawad, Lars Nelson, Rena C Moon, Andre F Teixeira
BACKGROUND: Conversion of Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) to single anastomosis duodenal switch can be a complicated and time-consuming operation for surgeons. PURPOSE: The purpose of this article is to present our technique of single-step laparoscopic conversion of RYGB to single anastomosis duodenal switch bilio-pancreatic diversion and vertical sleeve gastrectomy, creating a 250-cm common channel. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A laparoscopic technique was utilized in the conversion...
April 2017: Obesity Surgery
Ahlem Chouiali, Pierre-Luc Mallet, Guy Fink, Simon Biron, Marie-France Langlois
OBJECTIVE: Our objective was to compare the ECLIA from Roche versus the LC-MS/MS method for quantitation of serum 25-hydroxy-vitamin D in patients who have undergone bariatric surgery. DESIGN AND METHODS: Cross-sectional and correlational studies were performed on three different groups for the 25-OH-D levels quantitated by both methods. The control group of apparently healthy subjects was randomly selected in a clinical chemistry laboratory. Test groups were patients who had undergone bilio-pancreatic diversion (BPD) and were supplemented either with vitamin D2 or with vitamin D3...
March 2017: Clinical Biochemistry
Maher El Chaar, Jill Stoltzfus, Leonardo Claros, Maureen Miletics
INTRODUCTION: Bariatric surgery is the only proven and effective long-term treatment for morbid obesity, with laparoscopic sleeve gastrectomy (LSG) being the most commonly performed weight loss procedure in the USA. Despite its safety and efficacy, LSG's association with both de novo and pre-existing gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) remains controversial. METHODS: Therefore, this retrospective study determined the incidence, indications, and outcomes of revisional surgery following LSG in adult patients at our institution from 2010 to 2014...
January 2017: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Adriana Florinela Cătoi, Alina Pârvu, Aurel Mironiuc, Romeo Florin Galea, Adriana Mureşan, Cristina Bidian, Ioana Pop
BACKGROUND AND AIM: Obesity is a major risk factor for the onset of insulin resistance (IR), hyperinsulinemia and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) Evidence data has proven that beyond important weight loss bariatric surgery especially Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) and bilio-pancreatic diversion (BPD) leads to significant early reduction of insulinemia and of IR calculated through the homeostatic model assessment (HOMA-IR), independently of fat mass decrease. Sleeve gastrectomy (SG) is now used as a sole weight loss operation with good results...
2016: Clujul Medical (1957)
Sean P Heffron, Amar Parikh, Alexandar Volodarskiy, Christine Ren-Fielding, Arthur Schwartzbard, Joseph Nicholson, Sripal Bangalore
BACKGROUND: Although metabolic surgery was originally performed to treat hypercholesterolemia, the effects of contemporary bariatric surgery on serum lipids have not been systematically characterized. METHODS: MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for studies with ≥ 20 obese adults undergoing bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass [RYGBP], adjustable gastric banding, biliopancreatic diversion [BPD], or sleeve gastrectomy). The primary outcome was change in lipids from baseline to 1 year after surgery...
September 2016: American Journal of Medicine
Kee Yuan Ngiam, Valerie Yu Hui Khoo, Lucy Kong, Anton Kui Sing Cheng
BACKGROUND: Bariatric surgery is increasingly being carried out and revisional procedures have also risen in concert. A review of the complications and revisions might elucidate technical and patient factors that influence the outcomes of bariatric surgeries in Asian patients. The objective of this study is to review the safety and efficacy of revisional bariatric surgery in a single center in Singapore over a 10-year period. METHODS: The setting of this study is a single public hospital with a multidisciplinary bariatric service including a weight management center, specialized endocrinology services, and bariatric surgical team...
May 2016: Obesity Surgery
Antonio Mirijello, Cristina D'Angelo, Amerigo Iaconelli, Esmeralda Capristo, Anna Ferrulli, Laura Leccesi, Anthony Cossari, Raffaele Landolfi, Giovanni Addolorato
BACKGROUND: Morbidly obesity is characterized by physical and psychological comorbidities which are associated with reduced quality of life. Bariatric surgery has been linked to a reduction of psychopathology other than to a reduction of weight and improvement in physical functioning. Aim of the present study was to compare psychological features of two groups of morbidly obese patients, before and after bariatric surgery, assessing social phobia and quality of life. METHODS: A total of 46 morbidly obese patients were enrolled in the study...
July 1, 2015: Journal of Affective Disorders
P Marco Fisichella, George Orthopoulos, Amy Holmstrom, Marco G Patti
INTRODUCTION: Morbid obesity and achalasia may coexist in the same patient. The surgical management of the morbidly obese patient with achalasia is complex, and the most effective treatment still remains controversial. The goal of our report is to provide our evidence-based approach for the surgical management of the patient with achalasia and morbid obesity. RESULTS: Three main surgical approaches have been used for the concomitant treatment of morbid obesity and achalasia: 1) a laparoscopic Heller myotomy and a laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (LRYGB); 2) a laparoscopic Heller myotomy with bilio-pancreatic diversion; and 3) a laparoscopic Heller myotomy with a sleeve gastrectomy...
June 2015: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery: Official Journal of the Society for Surgery of the Alimentary Tract
Pietro Ameri, Santina Bruzzone, Elena Mannino, Giovanna Sociali, Gabriella Andraghetti, Annalisa Salis, Monica Laura Ponta, Lucia Briatore, Giovanni F Adami, Antonella Ferraiolo, Pier Luigi Venturini, Davide Maggi, Renzo Cordera, Giovanni Murialdo, Elena Zocchi
The plant hormone abscisic acid (ABA) is present and active in humans, regulating glucose homeostasis. In normal glucose tolerant (NGT) human subjects, plasma ABA (ABAp) increases 5-fold after an oral glucose load. The aim of this study was to assess the effect of an oral glucose load on ABAp in type 2 diabetes (T2D) subjects. We chose two sub-groups of patients who underwent an oral glucose load for diagnostic purposes: i) 9 treatment-naive T2D subjects, and ii) 9 pregnant women with gestational diabetes (GDM), who underwent the glucose load before and 8-12 weeks after childbirth...
2015: PloS One
V Kamvissi, A Salerno, S R Bornstein, G Mingrone, F Rubino
The role of incretins in glucose homeostasis is well known. Yet, in recent years, the sustained weight loss and rapid glycemic control following bariatric surgery has challenged our understanding of the intestinal-pancreatic interaction. This in turn led to the introduction of metabolic surgery, an innovative medical discipline in which a surgical manipulation of the gastrointestinal tract (e. g., through a Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, RYGB, or Bilio-Pancreatic-Diversion, BPD) yields a sustained remission of diabetes mellitus...
January 2015: Hormone and Metabolic Research, Hormon- und Stoffwechselforschung, Hormones et Métabolisme
Wen-Sheng Rao, Cheng-Xiang Shan, Wei Zhang, Dao-Zhen Jiang, Ming Qiu
BACKGROUND: Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGB) is effective for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients with a body mass index (BMI) >35 kg/m(2). It is unknown whether it benefits those with a BMI ≤ 35 kg/m(2). In the last decade, the effect of bariatric procedures on metabolic outcomes in individuals who underwent surgery outside National Institutes of Health (NIH) guidelines (BMI ≤ 35 kg/m(2)) was both interesting and controversial. OBJECTIVE: We performed a systematic analysis evaluating the effect of RYGB for T2DM patients with a BMI ≤ 35 kg/m(2)...
January 2015: World Journal of Surgery
Gloria Pelizzo, Valeria Calcaterra, Mario Fusillo, Ghassan Nakib, Antonio Maria Ierullo, Alessandro Alfei, Arsenio Spinillo, Mauro Stronati, Hellas Cena
OBJECTIVE: Bariatric surgery results in decreased food intake and a variable degree of malabsorption. Without adequate supplementation, the most common complications of this surgery are nutritional disorders. Pregnancy following surgery for obesity is a particular condition requiring strict monitoring of nutrient intake necessary for fetal development and a favourable neonatal prognosis. PATIENTS: Malnutrition in pregnancy and congenital neural malformations are reported in three women who had previously undergone bariatric surgery (1, 5 and 18 years before pregnancy, respectively)...
2014: Nutrition Journal
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